List of parishes in Louisiana

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The U.S. state of Louisiana is divided into 64 parishes in the same way that 48 of the other states of the United States are divided into counties. Alaska is the other exception, which is divided into boroughs and census areas instead.

Forty-one parishes are governed by a council called the Police Jury. The other 23 have various other forms of government, including: president-council, council-manager, parish commission, and consolidated parish/city.

Louisiana was formed from French and Spanish colonies, which were both officially Roman Catholic. Local government was based upon parishes, as the local ecclesiastical division (French: paroisse; Spanish: parroquia). Following the Louisiana Purchase in 1803, the Territorial Legislative Council divided the Territory of Orleans (the predecessor of Louisiana state) into 12 counties. The borders of these counties were poorly defined, but they roughly coincided with the colonial parishes, and hence used the same names.[1]

On March 31, 1807, the territorial legislature created 19 parishes without abolishing the old counties (which continued to exist until 1845).[2]

In 1811, a constitutional convention was held to prepare for Louisiana's admission into the Union.[3] This organized the state into seven judicial districts, each consisting of groups of parishes. In 1816, the first official map of the state used the term, as did the 1845 constitution. Since then, the official term for Louisiana's primary civil divisions has been parishes.

The 19 original parishes were joined by Catahoula Parish in 1808, and 4 additional parishes were created by the new West Florida territory. By April 1812, Attakapas Parish became St. Martin Parish and St. Mary Parish. On the 30th, the state was admitted to the Union with 25 parishes. By 1820, Washington Parish was added, and Feliciana Parish split into West and East in 1824. The next year, Jefferson Davis was carved from Orleans Parish. By 1830, Claiborne Parish was created, and the old Warren Parish was absorbed into Ouachita Parish, only to return as Carroll Parish a few years later. Within the next 20 years, nearly a dozen parishes would be created, primarily in the northern section, where the population was rapidly expanding. By 1850, the state had 47 parishes and one unorganized area, Couma Island, whose identity would be sealed in 1952. Ten years later, another parish, Winn Parish, had been formed, and Lafourche Interior had been renamed to Lafourche, where it remains today. Boundaries remained the same during the American Civil War, but during Reconstruction, the Radical Republican government organized several parishes for the state. By the time the last federal troops left in 1877, Louisiana's contained 58 parishes, which would soon grow to 59 in 1886 by the addition of Acadia Parish. No new parishes were created for 22 years, until 1908, when La Salle parish was formed from the western section of Catahoula Parish. Again, in 1910, another parish was created, when Evangeline Parish was formed from St. Landry parish. Three more parishes: Beauregard, Allen, and Jefferson Davis were formed from Calcasieu Parish in 1912, rounding the number of parishes to its current 64.

Listing[edit]

Parish
FIPS code
[4]
Parish seat
[5]
Established
[5]
Origin
Etymology
[6]
Population
[5]
Area
[5]
Map


Acadia Parish001Crowley1886from part of St. Landry Parish.Named for the Acadians who settled the area.700461773000000000061,7737002658000000000000658 sq mi
(70031704000000000001,704 km2)
State map highlighting Acadia Parish


Allen Parish003Oberlin1912from part of Calcasieu Parish.Henry Watkins Allen, the Confederate governor of Louisiana700425764000000000025,7647002766000000000000766 sq mi
(70031984000000000001,984 km2)
State map highlighting Allen Parish


Ascension Parish005Donaldsonville1807One of the original 19 parishes.Named for the Ascension of Our Lord Catholic Church in Donaldsonville, Louisiana7005107215000000000107,2157002303000000000000303 sq mi
(7002785000000000000785 km2)
State map highlighting Ascension Parish


Assumption Parish007Napoleonville1807One of the original 19 parishes.Named for the Assumption Roman Catholic Church, the oldest in the state700423421000000000023,4217002364000000000000364 sq mi
(7002943000000000000943 km2)
State map highlighting Assumption Parish


Avoyelles Parish009Marksville1807One of the original 19 parishes.The Avoyel Native American people700442073000000000042,0737002866000000000000866 sq mi
(70032243000000000002,243 km2)
State map highlighting Avoyelles Parish


Beauregard Parish011DeRidder1912from part of Calcasieu Parish.Confederate general P. G. T. Beauregard700435654000000000035,65470031166000000000001,166 sq mi
(70033020000000000003,020 km2)
State map highlighting Beauregard Parish


Bienville Parish013Arcadia1848from part of Claiborne Parish.Named after the founder of the city of New Orleans, Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne de Bienville700414353000000000014,3537002822000000000000822 sq mi
(70032129000000000002,129 km2)
State map highlighting Bienville Parish


Bossier Parish015Benton1843from part Claiborne Parish.U.S. Representative Pierre Bossier7005116979000000000116,9797002867000000000000867 sq mi
(70032246000000000002,246 km2)
State map highlighting Bossier Parish


Caddo Parish017Shreveport1838from part of Natchitoches Parish.Named for the Caddo Native American people7005254969000000000254,9697002937000000000000937 sq mi
(70032427000000000002,427 km2)
State map highlighting Caddo Parish


Calcasieu Parish019Lake Charles1840from part of St. Landry Parish.Calcasieu, meaning crying eagle, is said to be the name of an Atakapa Native American leader7005192768000000000192,76870031094000000000001,094 sq mi
(70032833000000000002,833 km2)
State map highlighting Calcasieu Parish


Caldwell Parish021Columbia1838from part of Catahoula Parish and Ouachita Parish.Named for the Caldwell family, which owned a large plantation and remains politically active in the state.700410132000000000010,1327002541000000000000541 sq mi
(70031401000000000001,401 km2)
State map highlighting Caldwell Parish


Cameron Parish023Cameron1870from parts of Calcasieu Parish and Vermilion Parish.U.S. Secretary of War Simon Cameron70036839000000000006,83970031932000000000001,932 sq mi
(70035004000000000005,004 km2)
State map highlighting Cameron Parish


Catahoula Parish025Harrisonburg1808from parts of Ouachita Parish and Rapides Parish.Catahoula Lake, formerly within the parish's boundaries and named from a Taensa word meaning big, clear lake700410407000000000010,4077002739000000000000739 sq mi
(70031914000000000001,914 km2)
State map highlighting Catahoula Parish


Claiborne Parish027Homer1828from part of Natchitoches Parish.Governor of Louisiana William C. C. Claiborne700417195000000000017,1957002768000000000000768 sq mi
(70031989000000000001,989 km2)
State map highlighting Claiborne Parish


Concordia Parish029Vidalia1807One of the original 19 parishes.Name is of uncertain origin; may be from an early land grant called New Concordia, from the "concord" reached by local authorities over a mutual surrender of slaves, or for a mansion called Concord which was owned by Spanish Governor Manuel Gayoso de Lemos700420822000000000020,8227002749000000000000749 sq mi
(70031940000000000001,940 km2)
State map highlighting Concordia Parish


De Soto Parish031Mansfield1843from parts of Caddo Parish and Natchitoches Parish.Spanish explorer Hernando de Soto700426656000000000026,6567002895000000000000895 sq mi
(70032318000000000002,318 km2)
State map highlighting De Soto Parish


East Baton Rouge Parish033Baton Rouge1810from West Florida territory.French phrase bâton rouge meaning red stick. A red stick was used by local Native Americans to mark the boundaries between tribal territories7005440171000000000440,1717002471000000000000471 sq mi
(70031220000000000001,220 km2)
State map highlighting East Baton Rouge Parish


East Carroll Parish035Lake Providence1877when Carroll Parish was divided.Charles Carroll of Carrollton, the last surviving signer of the U.S. Declaration of Independence70037759000000000007,7597002442000000000000442 sq mi
(70031145000000000001,145 km2)
State map highlighting East Carroll Parish


East Feliciana Parish037Clinton1824when Feliciana Parish was divided.Felicite de Gálvez, the wife of Bernardo de Gálvez, a Spanish governor of the Louisiana Territory700420267000000000020,2677002456000000000000456 sq mi
(70031181000000000001,181 km2)
State map highlighting East Feliciana Parish


Evangeline Parish039Ville Platte1910from part of St. Landry Parish.Acadian heroine of the poem "Evangeline" by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow700433984000000000033,9847002680000000000000680 sq mi
(70031761000000000001,761 km2)
State map highlighting Evangeline Parish


Franklin Parish041Winnsboro1843from parts of Carroll Parish, Catahoula Parish, Madison Parish and Ouachita ParishFounding Father Benjamin Franklin700420767000000000020,7677002636000000000000636 sq mi
(70031647000000000001,647 km2)
State map highlighting Franklin Parish


Grant Parish043Colfax1869from parts of Rapides Parish and Winn Parish.U.S. President Ulysses S. Grant700422309000000000022,3097002664000000000000664 sq mi
(70031720000000000001,720 km2)
State map highlighting Grant Parish


Iberia Parish045New Iberia1868from parts of St. Martin Parish and St. Mary Parish.Named by Spanish settlers in honor of the Iberian Peninsula700473240000000000073,24070031031000000000001,031 sq mi
(70032670000000000002,670 km2)
State map highlighting Iberia Parish


Iberville Parish047Plaquemine1807One of the original 19 parishes.Explorer Pierre Le Moyne d'Iberville, the brother of Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne de Bienville700433387000000000033,3877002653000000000000653 sq mi
(70031691000000000001,691 km2)
State map highlighting Iberville Parish


Jackson Parish049Jonesboro1845from parts of Claiborne Parish, Ouachita Parish and Union ParishU.S. President Andrew Jackson700416274000000000016,2747002580000000000000580 sq mi
(70031502000000000001,502 km2)
State map highlighting Jackson Parish


Jefferson Parish051Gretna1825from part of Orleans ParishFounding Father Thomas Jefferson7005432552000000000432,5527002642000000000000642 sq mi
(70031663000000000001,663 km2)
State map highlighting Jefferson Parish


Jefferson Davis Parish053Jennings1912from part of Calcasieu Parish.Jefferson Davis, president of the Confederate States of America700431594000000000031,5947002659000000000000659 sq mi
(70031707000000000001,707 km2)
State map highlighting Jefferson Davis Parish


Lafayette Parish055Lafayette1823from part of St. Martin Parish.French-born American Revolutionary War hero the Marquis de la Fayette7005221578000000000221,5787002270000000000000270 sq mi
(7002699000000000000699 km2)
State map highlighting Lafayette Parish


Lafourche Parish057Thibodaux1807One of the original 19 parishes. Was named Interior Parish until 1812 and Lafourche Interior Parish until 1853.French phrase la fourche or in English, the fork; Bayou Lafourche, or Fork Bayou, is a fork of the Mississippi River700496318000000000096,31870031472000000000001,472 sq mi
(70033812000000000003,812 km2)
State map highlighting Lafourche Parish


La Salle Parish059Jena1908from part of Catahoula Parish.Explorer René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle700414890000000000014,8907002663000000000000663 sq mi
(70031717000000000001,717 km2)
State map highlighting La Salle Parish


Lincoln Parish061Ruston1873from parts of Bienville Parish, Claiborne Parish, Jackson Parish and Union Parish.U.S. President Abraham Lincoln700446735000000000046,7357002472000000000000472 sq mi
(70031222000000000001,222 km2)
State map highlighting Lincoln Parish


Livingston Parish063Livingston1832from part of St. Helena Parish.U.S. Secretary of State Edward Livingston7005128026000000000128,0267002703000000000000703 sq mi
(70031821000000000001,821 km2)
State map highlighting Livingston Parish


Madison Parish065Tallulah1838from Concordia Parish.U.S. President James Madison700412093000000000012,0937002651000000000000651 sq mi
(70031686000000000001,686 km2)
State map highlighting Madison Parish


Morehouse Parish067Bastrop1844from parts of Carroll Parish and Ouachita Parish.Abraham Morehouse, who led the first settlers into the region700427979000000000027,9797002805000000000000805 sq mi
(70032085000000000002,085 km2)
State map highlighting Morehouse Parish


Natchitoches Parish069Natchitoches1807One of the original 19 parishes.The Natchitoches Native American people700439566000000000039,56670031299000000000001,299 sq mi
(70033364000000000003,364 km2)
State map highlighting Natchitoches Parish


Orleans Parish071New Orleans1807One of the original 19 parishes. Today coterminous with the City of New Orleans.Named after the Duke of Orléans, the regent of France7005343829000000000343,8297002350000000000000350 sq mi
(7002906000000000000906 km2)
State map highlighting Orleans Parish


Ouachita Parish073Monroe1807One of the original 19 parishes.The Ouachita Native American people.7005153720000000000153,7207002633000000000000633 sq mi
(70031639000000000001,639 km2)
State map highlighting Ouachita Parish


Plaquemines Parish075Pointe a la Hache1807One of the original 19 parishes.A word meaning persimmons created from the Louisiana Creole French and the Mobile Native American language700423042000000000023,04270032429000000000002,429 sq mi
(70036291000000000006,291 km2)
State map highlighting Plaquemines Parish


Pointe Coupee Parish077New Roads1807One of the original 19 parishes.French phrase la pointe coupée or in English, the cut-off point, which refers to a bend in the Mississippi River700422802000000000022,8027002591000000000000591 sq mi
(70031531000000000001,531 km2)
State map highlighting Pointe Coupee Parish


Rapides Parish079Alexandria1807One of the original 19 parishes.Named for local river rapids (French: rapides)7005131613000000000131,61370031362000000000001,362 sq mi
(70033528000000000003,528 km2)
State map highlighting Rapides Parish


Red River Parish081Coushatta1871from parts of Bienville Parish, Bossier Parish, Caddo Parish and Natchitoches Parish.Named for Red River, which is part of the Mississippi River watershed70039091000000000009,0917002402000000000000402 sq mi
(70031041000000000001,041 km2)
State map highlighting Red River Parish


Richland Parish083Rayville1868from parts of Carroll Parish, Franklin Parish, Morehouse Parish and Ouachita Parish.Named for its rich land700420725000000000020,7257002564000000000000564 sq mi
(70031461000000000001,461 km2)
State map highlighting Richland Parish


Sabine Parish085Many1843from parts of Caddo Parish and Natchitoches Parish.Named for the Sabine River and the so-called Sabine Free State700424233000000000024,23370031012000000000001,012 sq mi
(70032621000000000002,621 km2)
State map highlighting Sabine Parish


Saint Bernard Parish087Chalmette1807One of the original 19 parishes.Saint Bernard, who was presumably the patron saint of Bernardo de Galvez, the Spanish governor who granted land to the Canary Islanders who settled the area in 1778 while Louisiana was under Spanish rule.700435897000000000035,89770031794000000000001,794 sq mi
(70034646000000000004,646 km2)
State map highlighting Saint Bernard Parish


Saint Charles Parish089Hahnville1807One of the original 19 parishes.Saint Charles700452780000000000052,7807002410000000000000410 sq mi
(70031062000000000001,062 km2)
State map highlighting Saint Charles Parish


Saint Helena Parish091Greensburg1810from West Florida territory.Saint Helena700411203000000000011,2037002409000000000000409 sq mi
(70031059000000000001,059 km2)
State map highlighting Saint Helena Parish


Saint James Parish093Convent1807One of the original 19 parishes.Saint James700422102000000000022,1027002258000000000000258 sq mi
(7002668000000000000668 km2)
State map highlighting Saint James Parish


Saint John the Baptist Parish095Edgard1807One of the original 19 parishes.Saint John the Baptist700445924000000000045,9247002348000000000000348 sq mi
(7002901000000000000901 km2)
State map highlighting Saint John the Baptist Parish


Saint Landry Parish097Opelousas1807One of the original 19 parishes.Saint Landry700483384000000000083,3847002939000000000000939 sq mi
(70032432000000000002,432 km2)
State map highlighting Saint Landry Parish


Saint Martin Parish099Saint Martinville1807One of the original 19 parishes.Saint Martin700452160000000000052,1607002817000000000000817 sq mi
(70032116000000000002,116 km2)
State map highlighting Saint Martin Parish


Saint Mary Parish101Franklin1811from part of St. Martin County.Saint Mary.700454650000000000054,6507002612000000000000612 sq mi
(70031585000000000001,585 km2)
State map highlighting Saint Mary Parish


Saint Tammany Parish103Covington1810from West Florida territory.Legendary Indian Chief Tamanend.7005233740000000000233,74070031124000000000001,124 sq mi
(70032911000000000002,911 km2)
State map highlighting Saint Tammany Parish


Tangipahoa Parish105Amite1868from parts of Livingston Parish, St. Helena Parish, St. Tammany Parish and Washington Parish.Comes from an Acolapissa word meaning ear of corn or those who gather corn7005121097000000000121,0977002823000000000000823 sq mi
(70032132000000000002,132 km2)
State map highlighting Tangipahoa Parish


Tensas Parish107Saint Joseph1843from part of Concordia Parish.The Taensa Native American people.70035066000000000005,0667002641000000000000641 sq mi
(70031660000000000001,660 km2)
State map highlighting Tensas Parish


Terrebonne Parish109Houma1822from part of Lafourche Parish.French phrase terre bonne or in English, good earth7005111860000000000111,86070032080000000000002,080 sq mi
(70035387000000000005,387 km2)
State map highlighting Terrebonne Parish


Union Parish111Farmerville1839from part of Ouachita Parish.Named for the union of states which make up the U.S.700422721000000000022,7217002905000000000000905 sq mi
(70032344000000000002,344 km2)
State map highlighting Union Parish


Vermilion Parish113Abbeville1844from part of Lafayette Parish.Both the Vermilion River and Vermilion Bay700457999000000000057,99970031538000000000001,538 sq mi
(70033983000000000003,983 km2)
State map highlighting Vermilion Parish


Vernon Parish115Leesville1871from parts of Natchitoches Parish, Rapides Parish and Sabine Parish.Mount Vernon, the home of George Washington, the first U.S. President700452334000000000052,33470031341000000000001,341 sq mi
(70033473000000000003,473 km2)
State map highlighting Vernon Parish


Washington Parish117Franklinton1819from part of St. Tammany Parish.U.S. President George Washington700447168000000000047,1687002676000000000000676 sq mi
(70031751000000000001,751 km2)
State map highlighting Washington Parish


Webster Parish119Minden1871from parts of Bienville Parish, Bossier Parish and Claiborne Parish.U.S. statesman Daniel Webster700441207000000000041,2077002615000000000000615 sq mi
(70031593000000000001,593 km2)
State map highlighting Webster Parish


West Baton Rouge Parish121Port Allen1807One of the original 19 parishes. Was named Baton Rouge Parish until 1812.French phrase bâton rouge meaning red stick. A red stick was used by local Native Americans to mark the boundaries between tribal territories700423788000000000023,7887002203000000000000203 sq mi
(7002526000000000000526 km2)
State map highlighting West Baton Rouge Parish


West Carroll Parish123Oak Grove1877when Carroll Parish was divided.Charles Carroll of Carrollton, the last surviving signer of the U.S. Declaration of Independence700411604000000000011,6047002360000000000000360 sq mi
(7002932000000000000932 km2)
State map highlighting West Carroll Parish


West Feliciana Parish125Saint Francisville1824when Feliciana Parish was divided.Felicite de Gálvez, the wife of Bernardo de Gálvez, a Spanish governor of the Louisiana Territory700415625000000000015,62570031051000000000001,051 sq mi
(70032722000000000002,722 km2)
State map highlighting West Feliciana Parish


Winn Parish127Winnfield1852from parts of Catahoula Parish, Natchitoches Parish and Rapides Parish.Louisiana state legislator Walter Winn700415313000000000015,3137002957000000000000957 sq mi
(70032479000000000002,479 km2)
State map highlighting Winn Parish

Former Parishes[edit]

Parishes[edit]

The thirteen parishes defined by the Territorial Legislative Council in 1803 were:

In addition, Feliciana Parish was established in 1810 from West Florida territory.

Fictional parishes[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Tabor, B. "Bryansite - Louisiana parishes". 
  2. ^ "Louisiana Timeline - 1807". 
  3. ^ The Admission of Louisiana into the Union
  4. ^ "EPA County FIPS Code Listing". EPA.gov. Retrieved 2008-02-23. 
  5. ^ a b c d National Association of Counties. "NACo - Find a county". Archived from the original on 2008-06-04. Retrieved 2008-06-12. 
  6. ^ Louisiana Dept. of Public Health Parish Profiles

External links[edit]