List of parishes in Louisiana

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The U.S. state of Louisiana is divided into 64 parishes (French: paroisses) in the same way that 48 of the other states of the United States are divided into counties. Alaska is the other exception, which is divided into boroughs and census areas instead.

Forty-one parishes are governed by a council called the Police Jury. The other 23 have various other forms of government, including: president-council, council-manager, parish commission, and consolidated parish/city.

Louisiana was formed from French and Spanish colonies, which were both officially Roman Catholic. Local government was based upon parishes, as the local ecclesiastical division (French: paroisse; Spanish: parroquia). Following the Louisiana Purchase in 1803, the Territorial Legislative Council divided the Territory of Orleans (the predecessor of Louisiana state) into 12 counties. The borders of these counties were poorly defined, but they roughly coincided with the colonial parishes, and hence used the same names.[1]

On March 31, 1807, the territorial legislature created 19 parishes without abolishing the old counties (which continued to exist until 1845).[2]

In 1811, a constitutional convention was held to prepare for Louisiana's admission into the Union.[3] This organized the state into seven judicial districts, each consisting of groups of parishes. In 1816, the first official map of the state used the term, as did the 1845 constitution. Since then, the official term for Louisiana's primary civil divisions has been parishes.

The 19 original parishes were joined by Catahoula Parish in 1808, and 4 additional parishes were created by the new West Florida territory. By April 1812, Attakapas Parish became St. Martin Parish and St. Mary Parish. On the 30th, the state was admitted to the Union with 25 parishes. By 1820, Washington Parish was added, and Feliciana Parish split into West and East in 1824. The next year, Jefferson Parish was carved from Orleans Parish. By 1830, Claiborne Parish was created, and the old Warren Parish was absorbed into Ouachita Parish, only to return as Carroll Parish a few years later. In 1838, Caddo Parish was created from Natchitoches, as did Madison and Caldwell parishes in the east. In 1839, Union Parish was formed from Ouachita, and Calcasieu was formed from St. Landry in 1840. Five parishes were created in 1843: Bossier, DeSoto, Franklin, Sabine, and Tensas. Morehouse Parish and Vermilion Parish were formed from Ouachita and Lafayette parishes, respectively, in 1844. The next year, Jackson Parish was formed, and the old county units were abandoned and the units were officially referred to as "parishes". In 1848, Bienville Parish was formed from Claiborne Parish. In 1852, Winn parish was formed, while parishes down south added and lost land. In 1853, Lafourche Interior was renamed to Lafourche, where it remains today. The Radical Republican "carpetbag" government created the first two parishes to be created during Reconstruction: Iberia Parish and Richland Parish (Iberia Parish was not necessarily a carpetbag parish; plans for creating a parish from St. Martin and St. Mary parishes date back to the 1840s). The third and fourth parishes to be formed did so in 1869: Tangipahoa and Grant parishes. In 1870, the fifth Reconstruction parish, Cameron, was created, which was followed by the sixth, seventh, and eighth parishes (Red River, Vernon, and Webster, respectively) in 1871. The ninth parish to be formed under Radical Republican rule was Lincoln, which was named after the late President Lincoln and formed in 1873. In 1877, the old parish of Carroll divided into East and West Carroll parishes (which are unofficially called the tenth and eleventh Reconstruction parishes, as the project ended that year.) No new parishes were formed until 1886, when Acadia Parish was formed from Saint Landry. Again, no new parishes were formed, this time until 1908, when the western half of Catahoula parish became LaSalle parish. In 1910, the parish count rose to 61 with the creation of Evangeline parish, and the sixty-second, sixty-third, and sixty-fourth parishes (Allen, Beauregard, and Jefferson Davis) were created from Calcasieu. There were several minor boundary changes afterward, the most substantial being the division of Lake Ponchartrain to Tangipahoa, St. Tammany, Orleans, Jefferson, St. John the Baptist, and St. Charles Parishes in 1979, but these are mostly minor compared to the creation of a county.

Listing[edit]

Parish
FIPS code
[4]
Parish seat
[5]
Established
[5]
Origin
Etymology
[6]
Population
[5]
Area
[5]
Map


Acadia Parish001Crowley1886from part of St. Landry Parish.Named for the Acadians who settled the area.61,773658 sq mi
(1,704 km2)
State map highlighting Acadia Parish


Allen Parish003Oberlin1912from part of Calcasieu Parish.Henry Watkins Allen, the Confederate governor of Louisiana25,764766 sq mi
(1,984 km2)
State map highlighting Allen Parish


Ascension Parish005Donaldsonville1807One of the original 19 parishes.Named for the Ascension of Our Lord Catholic Church in Donaldsonville, Louisiana107,215303 sq mi
(785 km2)
State map highlighting Ascension Parish


Assumption Parish007Napoleonville1807One of the original 19 parishes.Named for the Assumption Roman Catholic Church, the oldest in the state23,421364 sq mi
(943 km2)
State map highlighting Assumption Parish


Avoyelles Parish009Marksville1807One of the original 19 parishes.The Avoyel Native American people42,073866 sq mi
(2,243 km2)
State map highlighting Avoyelles Parish


Beauregard Parish011DeRidder1912from part of Calcasieu Parish.Confederate general P. G. T. Beauregard35,6541,166 sq mi
(3,020 km2)
State map highlighting Beauregard Parish


Bienville Parish013Arcadia1848from part of Claiborne Parish.Named after the founder of the city of New Orleans, Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne de Bienville14,353822 sq mi
(2,129 km2)
State map highlighting Bienville Parish


Bossier Parish015Benton1843from part Claiborne Parish.U.S. Representative Pierre Bossier116,979867 sq mi
(2,246 km2)
State map highlighting Bossier Parish


Caddo Parish017Shreveport1838from part of Natchitoches Parish.Named for the Caddo Native American people254,969937 sq mi
(2,427 km2)
State map highlighting Caddo Parish


Calcasieu Parish019Lake Charles1840from part of St. Landry Parish.Calcasieu, meaning crying eagle, is said to be the name of an Atakapa Native American leader192,7681,094 sq mi
(2,833 km2)
State map highlighting Calcasieu Parish


Caldwell Parish021Columbia1838from part of Catahoula Parish and Ouachita Parish.Named for the Caldwell family, which owned a large plantation and remains politically active in the state.10,132541 sq mi
(1,401 km2)
State map highlighting Caldwell Parish


Cameron Parish023Cameron1870from parts of Calcasieu Parish and Vermilion Parish.U.S. Secretary of War Simon Cameron6,8391,932 sq mi
(5,004 km2)
State map highlighting Cameron Parish


Catahoula Parish025Harrisonburg1808from parts of Ouachita Parish and Rapides Parish.Catahoula Lake, formerly within the parish's boundaries and named from a Taensa word meaning big, clear lake10,407739 sq mi
(1,914 km2)
State map highlighting Catahoula Parish


Claiborne Parish027Homer1828from part of Natchitoches Parish.Governor of Louisiana William C. C. Claiborne17,195768 sq mi
(1,989 km2)
State map highlighting Claiborne Parish


Concordia Parish029Vidalia1807One of the original 19 parishes.Name is of uncertain origin; may be from an early land grant called New Concordia, from the "concord" reached by local authorities over a mutual surrender of slaves, or for a mansion called Concord which was owned by Spanish Governor Manuel Gayoso de Lemos20,822749 sq mi
(1,940 km2)
State map highlighting Concordia Parish


De Soto Parish031Mansfield1843from parts of Caddo Parish and Natchitoches Parish.Spanish explorer Hernando de Soto26,656895 sq mi
(2,318 km2)
State map highlighting De Soto Parish


East Baton Rouge Parish033Baton Rouge1810from West Florida territory.French phrase bâton rouge meaning red stick. A red stick was used by local Native Americans to mark the boundaries between tribal territories440,171471 sq mi
(1,220 km2)
State map highlighting East Baton Rouge Parish


East Carroll Parish035Lake Providence1877when Carroll Parish was divided.Charles Carroll of Carrollton, the last surviving signer of the U.S. Declaration of Independence7,759442 sq mi
(1,145 km2)
State map highlighting East Carroll Parish


East Feliciana Parish037Clinton1824when Feliciana Parish was divided.Felicite de Gálvez, the wife of Bernardo de Gálvez, a Spanish governor of the Louisiana Territory20,267456 sq mi
(1,181 km2)
State map highlighting East Feliciana Parish


Evangeline Parish039Ville Platte1910from part of St. Landry Parish.Acadian heroine of the poem "Evangeline" by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow33,984680 sq mi
(1,761 km2)
State map highlighting Evangeline Parish


Franklin Parish041Winnsboro1843from parts of Carroll Parish, Catahoula Parish, Madison Parish and Ouachita ParishFounding Father Benjamin Franklin20,767636 sq mi
(1,647 km2)
State map highlighting Franklin Parish


Grant Parish043Colfax1869from parts of Rapides Parish and Winn Parish.U.S. President Ulysses S. Grant22,309664 sq mi
(1,720 km2)
State map highlighting Grant Parish


Iberia Parish045New Iberia1868from parts of St. Martin Parish and St. Mary Parish.Named by Spanish settlers in honor of the Iberian Peninsula73,2401,031 sq mi
(2,670 km2)
State map highlighting Iberia Parish


Iberville Parish047Plaquemine1807One of the original 19 parishes.Explorer Pierre Le Moyne d'Iberville, the brother of Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne de Bienville33,387653 sq mi
(1,691 km2)
State map highlighting Iberville Parish


Jackson Parish049Jonesboro1845from parts of Claiborne Parish, Ouachita Parish and Union ParishU.S. President Andrew Jackson16,274580 sq mi
(1,502 km2)
State map highlighting Jackson Parish


Jefferson Parish051Gretna1825from part of Orleans ParishFounding Father Thomas Jefferson432,552642 sq mi
(1,663 km2)
State map highlighting Jefferson Parish


Jefferson Davis Parish053Jennings1912from part of Calcasieu Parish.Jefferson Davis, president of the Confederate States of America31,594659 sq mi
(1,707 km2)
State map highlighting Jefferson Davis Parish


Lafayette Parish055Lafayette1823from part of St. Martin Parish.French-born American Revolutionary War hero the Marquis de la Fayette221,578270 sq mi
(699 km2)
State map highlighting Lafayette Parish


Lafourche Parish057Thibodaux1807One of the original 19 parishes. Was named Interior Parish until 1812 and Lafourche Interior Parish until 1853.French phrase la fourche or in English, the fork; Bayou Lafourche, or Fork Bayou, is a fork of the Mississippi River96,3181,472 sq mi
(3,812 km2)
State map highlighting Lafourche Parish


La Salle Parish059Jena1908from part of Catahoula Parish.Explorer René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle14,890663 sq mi
(1,717 km2)
State map highlighting La Salle Parish


Lincoln Parish061Ruston1873from parts of Bienville Parish, Claiborne Parish, Jackson Parish and Union Parish.U.S. President Abraham Lincoln46,735472 sq mi
(1,222 km2)
State map highlighting Lincoln Parish


Livingston Parish063Livingston1832from part of St. Helena Parish.U.S. Secretary of State Edward Livingston128,026703 sq mi
(1,821 km2)
State map highlighting Livingston Parish


Madison Parish065Tallulah1838from Concordia Parish.U.S. President James Madison12,093651 sq mi
(1,686 km2)
State map highlighting Madison Parish


Morehouse Parish067Bastrop1844from parts of Carroll Parish and Ouachita Parish.Abraham Morehouse, who led the first settlers into the region27,979805 sq mi
(2,085 km2)
State map highlighting Morehouse Parish


Natchitoches Parish069Natchitoches1807One of the original 19 parishes.The Natchitoches Native American people39,5661,299 sq mi
(3,364 km2)
State map highlighting Natchitoches Parish


Orleans Parish071New Orleans1807One of the original 19 parishes. Today coterminous with the City of New Orleans.Named after the Duke of Orléans, the regent of France343,829350 sq mi
(906 km2)
State map highlighting Orleans Parish


Ouachita Parish073Monroe1807One of the original 19 parishes.The Ouachita Native American people.153,720633 sq mi
(1,639 km2)
State map highlighting Ouachita Parish


Plaquemines Parish075Pointe a la Hache1807One of the original 19 parishes.A word meaning persimmons created from the Louisiana Creole French and the Mobile Native American language23,0422,429 sq mi
(6,291 km2)
State map highlighting Plaquemines Parish


Pointe Coupee Parish077New Roads1807One of the original 19 parishes.French phrase la pointe coupée or in English, the cut-off point, which refers to a bend in the Mississippi River22,802591 sq mi
(1,531 km2)
State map highlighting Pointe Coupee Parish


Rapides Parish079Alexandria1807One of the original 19 parishes.Named for local river rapids (French: rapides)131,6131,362 sq mi
(3,528 km2)
State map highlighting Rapides Parish


Red River Parish081Coushatta1871from parts of Bienville Parish, Bossier Parish, Caddo Parish and Natchitoches Parish.Named for Red River, which is part of the Mississippi River watershed9,091402 sq mi
(1,041 km2)
State map highlighting Red River Parish


Richland Parish083Rayville1868from parts of Carroll Parish, Franklin Parish, Morehouse Parish and Ouachita Parish.Named for its rich land20,725564 sq mi
(1,461 km2)
State map highlighting Richland Parish


Sabine Parish085Many1843from parts of Caddo Parish and Natchitoches Parish.Named for the Sabine River and the so-called Sabine Free State24,2331,012 sq mi
(2,621 km2)
State map highlighting Sabine Parish


Saint Bernard Parish087Chalmette1807One of the original 19 parishes.Saint Bernard, who was presumably the patron saint of Bernardo de Galvez, the Spanish governor who granted land to the Canary Islanders who settled the area in 1778 while Louisiana was under Spanish rule.35,8971,794 sq mi
(4,646 km2)
State map highlighting Saint Bernard Parish


Saint Charles Parish089Hahnville1807One of the original 19 parishes.Saint Charles52,780410 sq mi
(1,062 km2)
State map highlighting Saint Charles Parish


Saint Helena Parish091Greensburg1810from West Florida territory.Saint Helena11,203409 sq mi
(1,059 km2)
State map highlighting Saint Helena Parish


Saint James Parish093Convent1807One of the original 19 parishes.Saint James22,102258 sq mi
(668 km2)
State map highlighting Saint James Parish


Saint John the Baptist Parish095Edgard1807One of the original 19 parishes.Saint John the Baptist45,924348 sq mi
(901 km2)
State map highlighting Saint John the Baptist Parish


Saint Landry Parish097Opelousas1807One of the original 19 parishes.Saint Landry83,384939 sq mi
(2,432 km2)
State map highlighting Saint Landry Parish


Saint Martin Parish099Saint Martinville1807One of the original 19 parishes.Saint Martin52,160817 sq mi
(2,116 km2)
State map highlighting Saint Martin Parish


Saint Mary Parish101Franklin1811from part of St. Martin County.Saint Mary.54,650612 sq mi
(1,585 km2)
State map highlighting Saint Mary Parish


Saint Tammany Parish103Covington1810from West Florida territory.Legendary Indian Chief Tamanend.233,7401,124 sq mi
(2,911 km2)
State map highlighting Saint Tammany Parish


Tangipahoa Parish105Amite1868from parts of Livingston Parish, St. Helena Parish, St. Tammany Parish and Washington Parish.Comes from an Acolapissa word meaning ear of corn or those who gather corn121,097823 sq mi
(2,132 km2)
State map highlighting Tangipahoa Parish


Tensas Parish107Saint Joseph1843from part of Concordia Parish.The Taensa Native American people.5,066641 sq mi
(1,660 km2)
State map highlighting Tensas Parish


Terrebonne Parish109Houma1822from part of Lafourche Parish.French phrase terre bonne or in English, good earth111,8602,080 sq mi
(5,387 km2)
State map highlighting Terrebonne Parish


Union Parish111Farmerville1839from part of Ouachita Parish.Named for the union of states which make up the U.S.22,721905 sq mi
(2,344 km2)
State map highlighting Union Parish


Vermilion Parish113Abbeville1844from part of Lafayette Parish.Both the Vermilion River and Vermilion Bay57,9991,538 sq mi
(3,983 km2)
State map highlighting Vermilion Parish


Vernon Parish115Leesville1871from parts of Natchitoches Parish, Rapides Parish and Sabine Parish.Mount Vernon, the home of George Washington, the first U.S. President52,3341,341 sq mi
(3,473 km2)
State map highlighting Vernon Parish


Washington Parish117Franklinton1819from part of St. Tammany Parish.U.S. President George Washington47,168676 sq mi
(1,751 km2)
State map highlighting Washington Parish


Webster Parish119Minden1871from parts of Bienville Parish, Bossier Parish and Claiborne Parish.U.S. statesman Daniel Webster41,207615 sq mi
(1,593 km2)
State map highlighting Webster Parish


West Baton Rouge Parish121Port Allen1807One of the original 19 parishes. Was named Baton Rouge Parish until 1812.French phrase bâton rouge meaning red stick. A red stick was used by local Native Americans to mark the boundaries between tribal territories23,788203 sq mi
(526 km2)
State map highlighting West Baton Rouge Parish


West Carroll Parish123Oak Grove1877when Carroll Parish was divided.Charles Carroll of Carrollton, the last surviving signer of the U.S. Declaration of Independence11,604360 sq mi
(932 km2)
State map highlighting West Carroll Parish


West Feliciana Parish125Saint Francisville1824when Feliciana Parish was divided.Felicite de Gálvez, the wife of Bernardo de Gálvez, a Spanish governor of the Louisiana Territory15,6251,051 sq mi
(2,722 km2)
State map highlighting West Feliciana Parish


Winn Parish127Winnfield1852from parts of Catahoula Parish, Natchitoches Parish and Rapides Parish.Louisiana state legislator Walter Winn15,313957 sq mi
(2,479 km2)
State map highlighting Winn Parish

Former Parishes[edit]

Parishes in 1803[edit]

The thirteen parishes defined by the Territorial Legislative Council in 1803 were:

In addition, Feliciana Parish was established in 1810 from West Florida territory.

Fictional parishes[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Tabor, B. "Bryansite - Louisiana parishes". 
  2. ^ "Louisiana Timeline - 1807". 
  3. ^ The Admission of Louisiana into the Union
  4. ^ "EPA County FIPS Code Listing". EPA.gov. Retrieved 2008-02-23. 
  5. ^ a b c d National Association of Counties. "NACo - Find a county". Archived from the original on 2008-06-04. Retrieved 2008-06-12. 
  6. ^ Louisiana Dept. of Public Health Parish Profiles

External links[edit]