List of paintings by Johannes Vermeer

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The following is a list of paintings by the Dutch Baroque artist Johannes Vermeer. After two or three early history paintings, he concentrated almost entirely on genre works, typically interiors with one or two figures. His popularity is due less to his subject matter than to the poetic manner in which he portrays his subjects. Vermeer's paintings of the 1660s are generally more popular than his work from the 1670s: in the eyes of some, his later work is colder.[1]

Today, 34 paintings are firmly attributed to him, with question marks over a further three.[2] This compares to the 74 pictures attributed to him by Thoré-Bürger in 1866. Vermeer's reputation increased greatly during the latter half of the 20th century, a period during which the number of paintings ascribed to him shrank greatly.[3] This is partly because he has been one of the most widely forged artists, and many forgeries have now been identified. No drawings or preparatory paintings are known.[4] Many Vermeer paintings are known by various names, and alternative names are noted below. Years of creation are only estimates for most of the paintings, and sources often give different, though not widely divergent, estimates. In addition to the known paintings listed below, historical documents seem to describe at least six other, lost, works.[4]

Paintings by Johannes Vermeer[edit]

Johannes (Jan) Vermeer - Christ in the House of Martha and Mary - Google Art Project.jpgChrist in the House of Martha and Mary[5]1654-55
or c. 1654-56[6] or c. 1655[7]
Oil on canvas, 160 × 142 cmNational Gallery of Scotland,


Vermeer - Diana en haar nimfen.jpgDiana and Her Companions[8]1655-56
or c. 1653–54[6][7]
Oil on canvas, 98.5 × 105 cmMauritshuis, The Hague
Jan Vermeer van Delft 002.jpgThe Procuress[9]1656 (signed and dated)Oil on canvas, 143 × 130 cmGemäldegalerie Alte Meister, Dresden
Johannes Vermeer - Girl Reading a Letter by an Open Window - Google Art Project.jpgGirl Reading a Letter at an Open Window[10]
(also known as Young Woman Reading a Letter at an Open Window[6])
1657 (or c. 1657–59[6])Oil on canvas, 83 × 64.5 cmGemäldegalerie Alte Meister, Dresden
Vermeer young women sleeping.jpgA Girl Asleep
(also known as A Maid Asleep[6][7])
(or 1656–57[6][7])
Oil on canvas, 87.6 × 76.5 cmMetropolitan Museum of Art, New York
Jan Vermeer van Delft 025.jpgThe Little Street1657–58
or c. 1658[6] or c. 1658–60[7]
Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam
Jan Vermeer van Delft 023.jpgOfficer with a Laughing Girl
(also known as Officer and Laughing Girl)[6]
c. 1657[6]Oil on canvas, 50.5 × 46 cmFrick Collection, New York
Johannes Vermeer - Het melkmeisje - Google Art Project.jpgThe Milkmaidc. 1658[6] or c. 1657–58[7]Oil on canvas, 45.5 × 41 cmRijksmuseum, Amsterdam
Jan Vermeer van Delft - The Glass of Wine - Google Art Project.jpgThe Wine Glass, also known as A Lady Drinking and a Gentleman and The Glass of Wine[7]1658–60 or 1658–59[7]Oil on canvas, 39.4 × 44.5 cmGemäldegalerie, Berlin
Jan Vermeer van Delft 006.jpgThe Girl with the Wineglassc. 1659Oil on canvasHerzog Anton-Ulrich-Museum, Braunschweig
Vermeer-view-of-delft.jpgView of Delft[11]1659–60Oil on canvas, 98.5 × 117.5 cmMauritshuis, The Hague
Vermeer Girl Interrupted at Her Music.jpgGirl Interrupted at her Music1660–61 (or 1658–59[6])Oil on canvas, 39.4 × 44.5 cmFrick Collection, New York
Vermeer, Johannes - Woman reading a letter - ca. 1662-1663.jpgWoman in Blue Reading a Letter1663–64 (or 1657–59[6])Oil on canvas, 46.6 × 39.1 cmRijksmuseum, Amsterdam
Jan Vermeer van Delft 014.jpgThe Music Lesson
(also known as A Lady at the Virginals with a Gentleman)
1662/65Oil on canvas, 73.3 × 64.5 cmRoyal Collection, Buckingham Palace, England
Vermeer - Woman with a Lute near a window.jpgWoman with a Lutec. 1663–64 or 1662–63[7]Oil on canvas, 51.4 × 45.7 cmMetropolitan Museum of Art, New York
Jan Vermeer van Delft - Young Woman with a Pearl Necklace - Google Art Project.jpgWoman with a Pearl Necklace1662–64Oil on canvas, 55 × 45 cmGemäldegalerie, Berlin
Jan Vermeer van Delft 019.jpgWoman with a Water Jug, also known as Young Woman with a Water Pitcher[7]1660–62 or c. 1662[7]Oil on canvas, 45.7 × 40.6 cmMetropolitan Museum of Art, New York
Woman-with-a-balance-by-Vermeer.jpgA Woman Holding a Balance, also known as Woman with a Balance[7]1662–63 or c. 1663–64[7]Oil on canvas, 42.5 × 38 cmNational Gallery of Art, Washington
Johannes Vermeer - A Lady Writing - Google Art Project.jpgA Lady Writing a Letter1665–66Oil on canvas, 45 × 40 cmNational Gallery of Art, Washington
Meisje met de parel.jpgGirl with a Pearl Earring,
also known as Girl In A Turban, Head Of Girl In A Turban, The Young Girl With Turban, and Head of a Young Girl.
c. 1665Oil on canvas, 46.5 × 40 cmMauritshuis, The Hague
Vermeer The concert.JPGThe Concert1665–66Oil on canvas, 69 × 63 cmstolen in March 1990 from the Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum, Boston[12]
Vermeer-Portrait of a Young Woman.jpgPortrait of a Young Woman, also known as Study of a Young Woman1666–67 or c. 1665–67[7]Oil on canvas, 44.5 × 40 cmMetropolitan Museum of Art, New York
Jan Vermeer - The Art of Painting - Google Art Project.jpgThe Allegory of Painting,
also known as The Art of Painting
1666–67 or c. 1666–68[7]Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna
Vermeer Lady Maidservant Holding Letter.jpgMistress and Maid,
also known as Lady with her Maidservant Holding a Letter
1667/68Oil on canvas, 90.2 x 78.7 cmFrick Collection, New York
Vermeer - Girl with a Red Hat.JPGGirl with a Red Hat (attribution to Vermeer has been questioned)[13]1668 or c. 1665–67[7]Oil on panel, 22.8 x 18 cmNational Gallery of Art, Washington
JohannesVermeer-TheAstronomer(1668).jpgThe Astronomer1668Louvre, Paris
Jan Vermeer van Delft 009.jpgThe Geographer1668/69Städelsches Kunstinstitut, Frankfurt am Main
Jan Vermeer van Delft 016.jpgThe Lacemaker1669/70Louvre, Paris
Vermeer, Johannes - The Loveletter.jpgThe Love Letter1669/70Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam
DublinVermeer.jpgLady Writing a Letter with her Maid1670Oil on canvas, 71.1 × 58.4 cmNational Gallery of Ireland, Dublin
Allegory of the Catholic Faith.PNGThe Allegory of Faith, also known as Allegory of the Faith[7]1671–74 or c. 1670–72[7]Oil on canvas, 114.3 × 88.9 cmMetropolitan Museum of Art, New York
Jan Vermeer van Delft 013.jpgThe Guitar Player1672Kenwood House, London
Jan Vermeer van Delft 024.jpgLady Standing at a Virginal, also known as Young Woman Standing at a Virginal[7]1673–75 or c. 1670–72[7]National Gallery, London
Johannes Vermeer - Zittende Klavecimbelspeelster (1673-1675).jpgLady Seated at a Virginal, also known as Young Woman Seated at a Virginal[7]1673–75 or c. 1670–72[7]National Gallery, London

Disputed Paintings[edit]

SaintPraxedisJohannesVermeerPainting.jpgSaint Praxedis1655[2]Oil on canvas, 101.6 x 82.6 cmprivate collection
Johannes Vermeer - Girl with a flute (c 1665-1670).jpgGirl with a Flute1665–70[2]Oil on panel, 20 x 17.8 cmNational Gallery of Art, Washington
Vermeer - A young Woman seated at the Virginals.jpgA Young Woman Seated at the Virginalsc. 1670[2]Oil on canvas, 25.2 × 20 cmprivate collection, New York

Historical documents such as auction records suggest that Vermeer painted a number of other works, now presumably destroyed, lost to public view, or possibly wrongly attributed to other artists.[4] While a list of these lost Vermeers must necessarily be tentative, it may include:


  1. ^ Bonafoux, 124
  2. ^ a b c d Jonathan Janson, Essential Vermeer: complete Vermeer catalogue accessed 16 June 2010
  3. ^ Bonafoux, 144
  4. ^ a b c d Jon Boone, Essential Vermeer: How many Vermeer's? (sic) accessed 22 January 2010
  5. ^ Wheelock, 48
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l or c. 1655Cant, Serena (2009). Vermeer and His World 1632–1675. Quercus Publishing Plc. ISBN 978-1-84866-001-4. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v Liedtke, et al., Walter (2001). Vermeer and the Delft School. Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, and Yale University Press, New Haven. ISBN 0-300-08848-5. 
  8. ^ Wheelock, 52
  9. ^ Wheelock, 54
  10. ^ Wheelock, 58
  11. ^ Wheelock, 72
  12. ^ Stolen, a documentary about the theft of The Concert, from the PBS website
  13. ^ NGA catalog entry