List of old-growth forests

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This is a list of existing old-growth ("virgin") forests, or remnants of forest, of at least 10 acres. Ecoregion information from "Terrestrial Ecoregions of the World".[1]

(NB: The terms "old growth" and "virgin" may have various definitions and meanings throughout the world. See old-growth forest for more information.)

Africa[edit]

CountryAreaOld-growth extentWWF ecoregion
KenyaKakamega Forest[citation needed]


Australasia[edit]

CountryAreaOld-growth extentWWF ecoregionOld-growth forest type
AustraliaWalpole Wilderness AreaJarrah-Karri forest and shrublandsKarri, Jarrah, Eucalyptus jacksonii, Eucalyptus guilfoylei
AustraliaBarrington Tops National ParkEastern Australian temperate forestssubtropical and temperate rainforest and eucalypt
AustraliaGreater Blue Mountains AreaEastern Australian temperate forestseucalypt forest
AustraliaTarkine2,000 km2 (770 sq mi)Tasmanian temperate rain forestsTemperate rainforest
AustraliaTasmanian WildernessTasmanian temperate rain foreststemperate rainforest and eucalypt forest

The term "old-growth forests" is rarely used in New Zealand, instead, "The Bush" is used to refer to native forests. There are large contiguous areas of forest cover that are protected areas.

Eurasia[edit]

CountryAreaOld-growth extentWWF ecoregionOld-growth forest type
BelarusBiałowieża ForestCentral European mixed forests[citation needed]
Bosnia and HerzegovinaPerućicaDinaric Mountains mixed forests
FinlandPyhä-Häkki National ParkScandinavian and Russian taigaScots pine and Norway spruce
JapanShiretoko National ParkHokkaido deciduous forests, Hokkaido montane conifer forests[citation needed]temperate and subalpine mixed forest
JapanYakushima Wilderness AreaNansei Islands subtropical evergreen forests, Taiheiyo evergreen forestssubtropical and temperate rainforest
MontenegroBiogradska GoraDinaric Mountains mixed foreststemperate broadleaf and mixed forest
NorwayTrillemarkaScandinavian and Russian taiga
NorwayStabbursdalen National ParkScandinavian and Russian taiga
NorwayØvre Dividal National ParkScandinavian and Russian taiga, Scandinavian montane birch forest and grasslands
PolandBiałowieża ForestCentral European mixed forests
RomaniaRetezat National ParkCarpathian montane conifer forests
RussiaCentral Sikhote-AlinUssuri broadleaf and mixed forests
RussiaVirgin Komi ForestsUrals montane tundra and taigaConiferous
RussiaWestern CaucasusCaucasus mixed forests
SlovakiaStužicaPannonian mixed forestsEuropean Beech
United KingdomForest of DeanMixed Woodland
United KingdomPuzzlewood

North America[edit]

Canada[edit]

ProvinceAreaOld-growth extentWWF ecoregionOld-growth forest type
British ColumbiaCarmanah Walbran Provincial Park164 square kilometres (41,000 acres)Central Pacific coastal forestsconiferous temperate rainforest
British ColumbiaClayoquot Sound265,000 hectares (650,000 acres)Central Pacific coastal forestsconiferous temperate rainforest
British ColumbiaGreat Bear RainforestBritish Columbia mainland coastal forestsconiferous temperate rainforest
Nova ScotiaNorth River Wilderness Area[2]New England-Acadian forestsEastern Hemlock
Nova ScotiaPanuke Lake Nature Reserve[2]47 hectares (120 acres)New England-Acadian forestsEastern Hemlock, Red Spruce
Nova ScotiaShelburne Heritage River[2]New England-Acadian forestsEastern Hemlock, pine
Nova ScotiaPollett's Cove[2]Eastern Canadian forests, New England-Acadian forestsboreal
Nova ScotiaFrench River Wilderness Area[2]New England-Acadian forestsEastern Hemlock
Nova ScotiaTrout Brook Wilderness Area[2]deciduous
Nova ScotiaTobeatic Wilderness Area[2]New England-Acadian forestsEastern Hemlock, pine
Nova ScotiaPortapique River Wilderness Area[2]New England-Acadian forestsEastern Hemlock, Red Spruce
Nova ScotiaWaverley - Salmon River Long Lake Wilderness Area[2]New England-Acadian forestsEastern Hemlock, pine
Nova ScotiaBoggy Lake Wilderness Area[2]New England-Acadian forestsSugar Maple, Yellow Birch, American Beech
Nova ScotiaGreat Barren & Quinan Lakes Nature Reserve[2]New England-Acadian forestsEastern Hemlock, Red Spruce
Nova ScotiaMacFarlane Woods Nature Reserve[2]New England-Acadian forestsSugar Maple, Yellow Birch, American Beech
Nova ScotiaBornish Hill Nature Reserve[2]New England-Acadian forestshardwood
Nova ScotiaSporting Lake Nature Reserve[2]25 hectares (62 acres)New England-Acadian forestsEastern Hemlock, White Pine, Red Spruce
OntarioObabika Old-Growth Forest
OntarioQuetico Provincial Park1,500 – 2,000 km2 (370,000 – 500,000 acres) of old growthWestern Great Lakes forests
OntarioWhite Bear ForestEastern forest-boreal transition
QuebecBois Beckett Forest[3], Sherbrooke6 ha (15 acres)hemlock, beech
QuebecPapineau Woods, Laval

United States[edit]

StateAreaOld-growth extentWWF ecoregionOld-growth forest type
AlabamaSipsey Wilderness[4]Appalachian mixed mesophytic forestsEastern Hemlock, American Beech, Sweet Birch, White Oak, Tulip Poplar[4]
AlaskaTongass National Forest[5]5,400,000 acres (2,200,000 ha)Northern Pacific coastal forests, Pacific Coastal Mountain icefields and tundraWestern Red Cedar, Sitka Spruce, Western Hemlock
ArkansasWhite River National Wildlife Refuge[4]973 acres (394 ha)[4]Mississippi lowland forestsAmerican Sweetgum, Nuttall's Oak, Willow Oak, Sugarberry, American Elm, Green Ash, American Sycamore, Pecan, American Elm, Baldcypress[4]
ArkansasOuachita National Forest[4]800,000 acres (320,000 ha)[4]Post Oak, Shortleaf Pine, Hickory, Northern Red Oak, White Oak, Blackjack Oak, Eastern Redcedar, Gum Bumelia, Winged Elm, Yaupon[4]
ArkansasOzark-St. Francis National Forest[6]11,000 acres (4,500 ha)[6]Shortleaf Pine, Post Oak, Blackjack Oak, Eastern Black Oak, White Oak, Northern Red Oak[6]
ArkansasHot Springs National Park[4]320 acres (130 ha)[4]Shortleaf Pine, Blackjack Oak, White Oak[4]
ArkansasOverflow National Wildlife Refuge[4]230 acres (93 ha)[4]American Beech, Sugar Maple[4]
CaliforniaYosemite National Park[7]225,510 acres (91,260 ha)[7]Sierra Nevada forestsGiant Sequoia, Ponderosa Pine, Jeffrey Pine, Sugar Pine, White Fir, California Incense Cedar, Coast Douglas-fir, Red Fir, Western White Pine, Lodgepole Pine, Foxtail Pine
CaliforniaSequoia-Kings Canyon National Park[7]202,430 acres (81,920 ha)[7]Sierra Nevada forestsGiant Sequoia, Ponderosa Pine, Jeffrey Pine, Sugar Pine, White Fir, Red Fir, California Incense Cedar
CaliforniaLassen Volcanic National Park[7]27,130 acres (10,980 ha)Sierra Nevada forestsPonderosa Pine, Jeffrey Pine, Sugar Pine, White Fir, Red Fir, Western White Pine, Mountain Hemlock, Lodgepole Pine, Whitebark Pine
CaliforniaRedwood National and State Parks[8]38,982 acres (15,775 ha) or more[8]Northern California coastal forestsCoast Redwood
CaliforniaHumboldt Redwoods State Park[7]23,600 acres (9,600 ha)[7]Northern California coastal forestsCoast Redwood
CaliforniaMuir Woods National Monument[7]240 acres (97 ha)[7]California interior chaparral and woodlandsCoast Redwood
CaliforniaSamuel P. Taylor State Park[7]600 acres (240 ha)California interior chaparral and woodlandsCoast Redwood
CaliforniaBig Basin Redwoods State Park[7]10,800 acres (4,400 ha)[7]Northern California coastal forestsCoast Redwood
CaliforniaHenry Cowell Redwoods State Park[7]200 acres (81 ha)[7]Northern California coastal forestsCoast Redwood, Coast Douglas-fir, Pacific Madrone, Ponderosa Pine
CaliforniaHeadwaters Forest Reserve[9]3,088 acres (1,250 ha)[9]Northern California coastal forestsCoast Redwood
CaliforniaBlue oak woodlands[10]500,000 acres (200,000 ha) to 2,300,000 acres (930,000 ha)[10]California interior chaparral and woodlandsBlue Oak
CaliforniaAngeles National Forest[11]29,000 acres (12,000 ha)[11]California montane chaparral and woodlandsJeffrey Pine, Coast Douglas-fir, Ponderosa Pine, White Fir, Lodgepole Pine[11]
CaliforniaEldorado National Forest[11]122,000 acres (49,000 ha)[11]Sierra Nevada forestsCoast Douglas-fir, Ponderosa Pine, White Fir, Lodgepole Pine, Red Fir[11]
CaliforniaInyo National Forest[11]238,000 acres (96,000 ha)[11]Sierra Nevada forests – Great Basin montane forestsLodgepole Pine, Jeffrey Pine, Great Basin Bristlecone Pine[11]
CaliforniaKlamath National Forest[11]168,000 acres (68,000 ha)[11]Klamath-Siskiyou forestsPonderosa Pine, Jeffrey Pine, Coast Douglas-fir, Red Fir, White Fir, California Incense Cedar[11]
CaliforniaLassen National Forest[11]92,000 acres (37,000 ha)[11]Coast Douglas-fir, Ponderosa Pine, White Fir, Jeffrey Pine, Red Fir, Lodgepole Pine[11]
CaliforniaLos Padres National Forest[11]18,900 acres (7,600 ha)[11]Jeffrey Pine, Coast Redwood, Coast Douglas-fir, White Fir[11]
CaliforniaMendocino National Forest[11]60,000 acres (24,000 ha)[11]Coast Douglas-fir, Ponderosa Pine, White Fir, Tanoak, Pacific madrone[11]
CaliforniaModoc National Forest[11]43,400 acres (17,600 ha)[11]Lodgepole Pine, Ponderosa Pine, White Fir, California Incense Cedar, Red Fir[11]
CaliforniaPlumas National Forest[11]127,000 acres (51,000 ha)[11]Coast Douglas-fir, Ponderosa Pine, White Fir, Jeffrey Pine, Red Fir[11]
CaliforniaSan Bernardino National Forest[11]87,400 acres (35,400 ha)[11]Coast Douglas-fir, Ponderosa Pine, White Fir, Jeffrey Pine, Lodgepole Pine[11]
CaliforniaSequoia National Forest[11]196,000 acres (79,000 ha)[11]Giant Sequoia, Jeffrey Pine, Red Fir, Coast Douglas-fir, Ponderosa Pine, White Fir, Lodgepole Pine[11]
CaliforniaShasta-Trinity National Forest[11]230,000 acres (93,000 ha)[11]Coast Douglas-fir, Tanoak, Pacific madrone, Red Fir, White Fir, Jeffrey Pine[11]
CaliforniaSierra National Forest[11]383,000 acres (155,000 ha)[11]Lodgepole Pine, Red Fir[11]
CaliforniaSix Rivers National Forest[11]137,000 acres (55,000 ha)[11]Coast Douglas-fir, Tanoak, Pacific madrone, White Fir[11]
CaliforniaStanislaus National Forest[11]139,000 acres (56,000 ha)[11]Lodgepole Pine, Jeffrey Pine, White Fir[11]
CaliforniaTahoe National Forest[11]84,000 acres (34,000 ha)[11]Coast Douglas-fir, Ponderosa Pine, White Fir, Sugar Pine, California Incense Cedar, California Black Oak, Lodgepole Pine, Red Fir[11]
ColoradoArapaho National Forest[12]2,590 ha (6,400 acres)[12]Subalpine Fir, Engelmann Spruce[12]
ConnecticutCathedral Pines[4]42 acres (17 ha)[4]White Pine, Hemlock[4]
ConnecticutSage's Ravine[4]100 acres (40 ha)[4]Hemlock, Oak[4]
ConnecticutGreat Mountain Forest -- North Forty[4]40 acres (16 ha)[4]Hemlock, Hardwoods, White Pine[4]
ConnecticutGreat Mountain Forest -- Bigelow Pond[4]5 acres (2.0 ha)[4]Hemlock[4]
ConnecticutMount Riga Incorporated[4]8 acres (3.2 ha)[4]White Pine, Eastern Hemlock, Yellow Birch, American Beech[4]
ConnecticutBear Mountain[4]5 acres (2.0 ha)[4]Sweet Birch, Pitch Pine[4]
FloridaEglin Air Force Base[4]6,795 acres (2,750 ha)[4]longleaf pine[4]
FloridaApalachicola National Forest[4]Southeastern conifer forestsPondcypress, Slash Pine[4]
FloridaBig Cypress National Preserve[4]23,000 acres (9,300 ha)[4]South Florida rocklands, Evergladesslash pine[4]
FloridaBig Cypress National Preserve[4]158,000 acres (64,000 ha)[4]South Florida rocklands, Evergladespondcypress[4]
GeorgiaChattahoochee National Forest[13]346 acres (140 ha)[13]Appalachian-Blue Ridge forestsRiver floodplain hardwood,Dry-mesic oak forest, Seasonally wet oak-hardwood woodland[13]
GeorgiaFernbank Forest65 acres (26 ha)Piedmont Hardwood ForestTulip Poplar – Oak – Hickory
IllinoisShawnee National Forest[4]2,800 acres (1,100 ha)[4]post oak – blackjack oak[4]
IllinoisCache River State Natural Area[4]1,600 acres (650 ha)[4]Central U.S. hardwood forests
IllinoisCypress Creek National Wildlife Refuge[4]500 acres (200 ha)[4]Central U.S. hardwood forests
IllinoisBeall Woods State Park[4]329 acres (133 ha)[4]Central U.S. hardwood forests
IndianaHoosier National Forest[4]390 acres (160 ha)[4]Post Oak[4]
IndianaDouglas Woods[14]400 acres (160 ha)[14]Silver Maple, Oak, Hickory[14]
IndianaPioneer Mothers Memorial Forest[15]88 acres (36 ha)[15]Oak
KansasFort Leavenworth[4]1,000 acres (400 ha)[4]Central forest-grasslands transitionEastern floodplain[4]
KentuckyBlanton Forest[4]2,239 acres (906 ha)[4]
KentuckyLilley Cornett Woods[4]252 acres (102 ha)[4]
MaineBaxter State Park[4]23,094 acres (9,346 ha)[4]Balsam Fir[4]
MaineMahoosuc Mountains Ecological Reserve[4]2,444 acres (989 ha)[4]Balsam Fir[4]
MaineBigelow Mountain Ecological Reserve[4]3,100 acres (1,300 ha)[4]Balsam Fir[4]
MaineBig Reed Forest Preserve[4]5,000 acres (2,000 ha) or lessnorthern hardwoods, spruce-fir, rich woods, and cedar swamps
MarylandBelt Woods[4]43 acres (17 ha)[4]white oak – tulip poplar[4]
MarylandSwallow Falls State Park ("Hemlock Grove")[16]39 acres (16 ha)[16]Appalachian mixed mesophytic forestseastern hemlock – white pine[16]
MarylandPotomac-Garrett State Forest ("Crabtree Woods")[17]500 acres (200 ha)[17]Appalachian mixed mesophytic forestssugar maple – red oak – basswood – cucumber tree[17]
MassachusettsMohawk Trail State Forest[4]612 acres (248 ha)[4]New England-Acadian forestsnorthern hardwood[4]
MassachusettsIce GlenNew England-Acadian forestsnorthern hardwood[18]
MassachusettsMonroe State Forest[4]273 acres (110 ha)[4]New England-Acadian forestsnorthern hardwood[4]
MassachusettsMount Everett State Reservation[4]530 acres (210 ha)[4]New England-Acadian forestsnorthern hardwood[4]
MassachusettsMount Greylock[4]555 acres (225 ha)[4]New England-Acadian forestsnorthern hardwood[4]
MassachusettsMount Wachusett[4]220 acres (89 ha)[4]New England-Acadian forestsnorthern hardwood[4]
MassachusettsMount Washington State Forest[4]300 acres (120 ha)[4]New England-Acadian forestsnorthern hardwood[4]
MichiganHartwick Pines State Park[4]9,642 acres (3,902 ha)[4]Western Great Lakes forestsEastern White Pine, Red Pine, Eastern Hemlock, Beech, Sugar Maple[4]
MichiganPorcupine Mountains[4]31,000 acres (13,000 ha)[4]Western Great Lakes forestsnorthern hardwood[4]
MichiganSylvania Wilderness[4]15,000 acres (6,100 ha)[4]Western Great Lakes forestsnorthern hardwood[4]
MinnesotaBoundary Waters[4]401,000 acres (162,000 ha)[4]Western Great Lakes forestswhite pine, red pine, fir/birch, jack pine – black spruce, maple, aspen [4]
MinnesotaKeeley Creek Natural Area[4]900 acres (360 ha)[4]Western Great Lakes forestsbog and upland[4]
MinnesotaItasca State Park[4]4,094 acres (1,657 ha)[4]Western Great Lakes forestsEastern White Pine, Red Pine[4]
MissouriMark Twain National Forest[4]30,000 acres (12,000 ha) or less[4]Central U.S. hardwood forestsPost Oak and Chinkapin Oak savanna and flatwoods[4]
MissouriCaney Mountain[4]4,000 acres (1,600 ha) or more[4]Central U.S. hardwood forestspost oak savanna[4]
New HampshireGreat Gulf[4]New England-Acadian forests
New HampshireCrawford Notch[4]New England-Acadian forests
New HampshireSheldrick Forest Preserve[19]227 acres (92 ha)[19]New England-Acadian forestsEastern White Pine, Eastern Hemlock, Beech, Birch, Oak, Butternut[19]
New JerseySaddler's Woods[4]25 acres (10 ha)[4]Northeastern coastal forestsEastern Black Oak, White Oak, Northern Red Oak, American Beech, Tulip Poplar, Red Maple[4]
New JerseyBear Swamp[4]215 acres (87 ha)[4]Atlantic coastal pine barrensBlack Gum, American Sweetgum, Red Maple, Sweetbay Magnolia, American Beech, Swamp White Oak, American Holly[4]
New JerseyWilliam L. Hutcheson Memorial Forest[4]65 acres (26 ha)[4]Northeastern coastal forestsWhite Oak, Eastern Black Oak, Northern Red Oak[4]
New JerseyTillman Ravine[4]25 acres (10 ha)[4]Allegheny Highlands forestsEastern Hemlock[4]
New YorkCatskill Mountains[4]60,000 acres (24,000 ha) or more[4]Allegheny Highlands forests
New YorkAdirondack Mountains[4]150,000 acres (61,000 ha) or more[4]Eastern forest-boreal transition
North CarolinaGreat Smoky Mountains[4]187,000 acres (76,000 ha)[4]Appalachian-Blue Ridge forests
North CarolinaNantahala National Forest[4]30,800 acres (12,500 ha)[4]Appalachian-Blue Ridge forests
North CarolinaPisgah National Forest[4]46,600 acres (18,900 ha)[4]Appalachian-Blue Ridge forests
North CarolinaCroatan National Forest[4]10,000 acres (4,000 ha)[4]Middle Atlantic coastal forestspocosin
OhioGoll Woods State Nature Preserve[4]140 acres (57 ha)[4]Southern Great Lakes forests
OhioFowler Woods State Nature Preserve[4]50 acres (20 ha)[4]Southern Great Lakes forests
OhioCrall Woods National Natural Landmark[4]40 acres (16 ha)[4]Southern Great Lakes forests
OhioDysart Woods[4]57 acres (23 ha)[4]Appalachian mixed mesophytic forests
OhioHawk Woods in Riddle State Nature Preserve106 acres (43 ha)Appalachian mixed mesophytic forests
OhioMorgan Sisters Woods in Wayne National Forest[4]200 acres (81 ha)[4]Appalachian mixed mesophytic forests
OhioCalifornia Woods Nature Preserve[4]40 acres (16 ha)[4]Southern Great Lakes forests, Central U.S. hardwood forests
OhioCaldwell Park (Cincinnati)[4]122 acres (49 ha) or less[4]Southern Great Lakes forests, Central U.S. hardwood forests
OhioHueston Woods State Nature Preserve[4]165 acres (67 ha) to 200 acres (81 ha)[4]Southern Great Lakes forests
OhioDavey Woods State Nature Preserve[4]15 acres (6.1 ha) to 40 acres (16 ha)[4]Southern Great Lakes forests
OhioGross (Samuel) Memorial Woods State Nature Preserve[4]49 acres (20 ha)[4]Southern Great Lakes forests
OhioJohnson Woods State Nature Preserve[4]206 acres (83 ha)[4]Southern Great Lakes forests
OklahomaKeystone Ancient Forest Preserve[4]1,300 acres (530 ha)[4]Central forest-grasslands transition zonePost Oak, Blackjack Oak, Eastern Redcedar[4]
OregonCrater Lake National Park[7]50,000 acres (20,000 ha)[7]
OregonDeschutes National Forest[7]348,100 acres (140,900 ha)[7]
OregonMalheur National Forest[7]312,000 acres (126,000 ha)[7]
OregonMount Hood National Forest[7]345,300 acres (139,700 ha)[7]Coast Douglas-fir, Western Hemlock, Western Red Cedar
OregonOchoco National Forest[7]95,000 acres (38,000 ha)[7]
OregonRogue River-Siskiyou National Forest[7]345,300 acres (139,700 ha)[7]Klamath-Siskiyou forestsCoast Douglas-fir, Port Orford Cedar, Ponderosa Pine, Sugar Pine, Coast Douglas-fir, California Incense Cedar, White Fir, Red Fir, Mountain Hemlock
OregonSiuslaw National Forest[7]33,800 acres (13,700 ha) (1993 estimate)[7]Central Pacific coastal forests
OregonUmatilla National Forest[7]190,741 acres (77,190 ha) (1993 estimate)[7]
OregonUmpqua National Forest[7]535,300 acres (216,600 ha) (1993 estimate)[7]Mountain Hemlock, Ponderosa Pine
OregonWallowa-Whitman National Forest[7]173,000 acres (70,000 ha) (1993 estimate)[7]
OregonWillamette National Forest[7]594,800 acres (240,700 ha)[7]Coast Douglas-fir, Western Hemlock, Western Red Cedar, Bigleaf Maple
OregonWinema National Forest[7]711,674 acres (288,004 ha)[7]
OregonFremont National Forest[7]549,800 acres (222,500 ha)[7]
OregonEmigrant Springs State Heritage AreaBlue Mountains forests
PennsylvaniaCook Forest State Park[4]1,500 acres (610 ha) to 2,000 acres (810 ha)[4]Allegheny Highlands forestsEastern White Pine, Eastern Hemlock, Northern Red Oak, White Oak, Black Cherry, Red Maple, Sugar Maple, American Beech, White Ash, Yellow Birch, Black Birch[disambiguation needed], Cucumber Magnolia[4]
PennsylvaniaBear Meadows Natural Area[4]320 acres (130 ha)[4]Black Spruce, Balsam Fir bog[4]
PennsylvaniaDetweiler Run Natural Area[4]185 acres (75 ha)[4]Eastern White Pine, Eastern Hemlock[4]
PennsylvaniaThickhead Mountain Wild Area[4]50 acres (20 ha)[4]Chestnut Oak[4]
PennsylvaniaWoodbourne Forest and Wildlife Preserve[4]120 acres (49 ha)[4]Eastern Hemlock, Sweet Birch, Sugar Maple, Northern Red Oak, White Ash, American Beech[4]
PennsylvaniaHoltwood Environmental Preserve[4]200 acres (81 ha)[4]Chestnut Oak, Eastern Hemlock, Umbrella Magnolia[4]
PennsylvaniaAnders Run Natural Area[4]50 acres (20 ha)[4]Eastern White Pine, Eastern Hemlock, Cucumber Magnolia, American Beech, American Hornbeam, Black Cherry, oak[4]
PennsylvaniaSweet Root Natural Area[4]64 acres (26 ha)[4]Eastern Hemlock, Sweet Birch, Eastern White Pine, American Basswood, White Oak, Red Oak[4]
PennsylvaniaHearts Content Recreation Area[4]122 acres (49 ha)[4]Eastern White Pine, Eastern Hemlock, American Beech[4]
PennsylvaniaTionesta Scenic and Research Natural Areas[4]4,000 acres (1,600 ha)[4]Eastern Hemlock, American Beech, Sugar Maple[4]
PennsylvaniaAllegheny Islands Wilderness[4]156 acres (63 ha)[4]Silver Maple, Sugar Maple, American Sycamore, Slippery Elm[4]
PennsylvaniaBark Cabin Natural Area[4]73 acres (30 ha)[4]Eastern Hemlock, Northern Red Oak, White Ash, Bigtooth Aspen, Hickories[4]
PennsylvaniaJohnson Run Natural Area[4]26 acres (11 ha) to 50 acres (20 ha)[4]Eastern Hemlock, Eastern White Pine[4]
PennsylvaniaForrest H. Duttlinger Natural Area[4]158 acres (64 ha)[4]Eastern Hemlock, American Beech, Black Cherry, Sugar Maple[4]
PennsylvaniaSnyder Middleswarth Natural Area[4]250 acres (100 ha)[4]Eastern Hemlock, Eastern White Pine, Pitch Pine[4]
PennsylvaniaHemlocks Natural Area[4]120 acres (49 ha)[4]Eastern Hemlock[4]
PennsylvaniaRicketts Glen State Park[4]2,000 acres (810 ha)[4]Northern Hardwood Forest[4]
Rhode IslandGreat Swamp Wildlife Management Area[4]3,000 acres (1,200 ha)[4]Northeastern coastal forestsRed Maple, Atlantic White Cedar, Black Gum[4]
Rhode IslandLawton's Valley Forest[20]Northeastern coastal forestsSugar Maple, White Ash, American Beech, Yellow Birch, Northern Red Oak[20]
Rhode IslandOakland Forest[4]20 acres (8.1 ha)[4]Northeastern coastal forestsAmerican Beech, White Oak, Red Maple, Scarlet Oak[4]
Rhode IslandPawcatuck River floodplain forest[4]250 acres (100 ha)[4]Northeastern coastal forestsRed Maple floodplain[4]
South CarolinaCongaree National Park[4]11,000 acres (4,500 ha)[4]Middle Atlantic coastal forestsbottomland hardwood forest[4]
South CarolinaFrancis Beidler Forest[4]1,700 acres (690 ha)[4]Middle Atlantic coastal forestsmixed hardwoods and cypress-tupelo swamp[4]
South CarolinaEllicott Rock Wilderness[4]1,000 acres (400 ha) or more[4]Appalachian-Blue Ridge forests
TennesseeGreat Smoky Mountains[4]187,000 acres (76,000 ha)[4]Appalachian-Blue Ridge forests
TennesseeForest within Nashville[21]225 acres (91 ha)[21]Central U.S. hardwood forestsBlack Walnut, White Oak, American Sycamore, Persimmon, Pawpaw
TennesseeOld Forest Arboretum of Overton Park172 acres (70 ha)
VirginiaGeorge Washington and Jefferson National Forests[4]230,000 acres (93,000 ha)[4]Appalachian-Blue Ridge forests
VirginiaCaledon Natural Area[4]Upland White Oak – Tulip Poplar[4]
WashingtonOlympic National Park[7]366,000 acres (148,000 ha)[7]
WashingtonNorth Cascades National Park[7]236,000 acres (96,000 ha)[7]
WashingtonMount Rainier National Park[7]91,000 acres (37,000 ha)[7]
WashingtonColville National Forest[7]212,488 acres (85,991 ha)[7]
WashingtonGifford Pinchot National Forest[7]198,000 acres (80,000 ha)[7]
WashingtonMount Baker-Snoqualmie National Forest[7]643,500 acres (260,400 ha)
WashingtonOkanogan National Forest[7]316,000 acres (128,000 ha)[7]
WashingtonOlympic National Forest[7]266,800 acres (108,000 ha)[7]
WashingtonWenatchee National Forest[7]318,800 acres (129,000 ha)[7]
WashingtonSchmitz Preserve Park
West VirginiaCathedral State Park[4]132 acres (53 ha)Eastern Hemlock
West VirginiaMonongahela National Forest[13]318 acres (129 ha) in

6 separate stands[13]

WisconsinApostle Islands National Lakeshore[4]1,500 acres (610 ha)[4]
WisconsinChequamegon-Nicolet National Forest[4]
WisconsinNamekagon Barrens[4]4,000 acres (1,600 ha)[4]Jack pine and scrub oak[4]
WyomingYellowstone National ParkLodgepole Pine

Central America[edit]

CountryAreaOld-growth extentWWF ecoregion
Costa RicaBraulio Carrillo National Park428 km2 (165 sq mi)Talamancan montane and Isthmian-Atlantic moist forests

South America[edit]

See also[edit]


Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Olson, D. M, E. Dinerstein, et al. (2001). "Terrestrial Ecoregions of the World: A New Map of Life on Earth". BioScience 51 (11): 933–938. doi:10.1641/0006-3568(2001)051[0933:TEOTWA]2.0.CO;2. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n "Protected Areas". Nova Scotia Environment. Retrieved 2008-12-27. 
  3. ^ "Organisme" (in French). Regroupement du Bois Beckett. Retrieved 13 August 2014. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl cm cn co cp cq cr cs ct cu cv cw cx cy cz da db dc dd de df dg dh di dj dk dl dm dn do dp dq dr ds dt du dv dw dx dy dz ea eb ec ed ee ef eg eh ei ej ek el em en eo ep eq er es et eu ev ew ex ey ez fa fb fc fd fe ff fg fh fi fj fk fl fm fn fo fp fq fr fs ft fu fv fw fx fy fz ga gb gc gd ge gf gg gh gi gj gk gl gm gn go gp gq gr gs gt gu gv gw gx gy gz ha hb hc hd he hf hg hh hi hj hk hl hm hn ho hp hq hr hs ht hu hv hw hx hy hz ia ib ic id ie if ig ih ii ij ik il im in io Davis, Mary Byrd (10 October 2010). "Old Growth in the East: A Survey". Archived from the original on 25 May 2011. 
  5. ^ Tongass Forest Management FAQs (accessed 2008-09-18).
  6. ^ a b c Final Environmental Impact Statement for the Revised Land and Resource Management Plan. Ozark-St. Francis National Forests. United States Forest Service Southern Region. 2005.  Final Environmental Impact Statement, p. 365
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be Bolsinger, Charles L.; Waddell, Karen L. (1993), Area of old-growth forests in California, Oregon, and Washington, United States Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station, Resource Bulletin PNW-RB-197 
  8. ^ a b "Frequently Asked Questions". National Park Service. August 17, 2008. Retrieved 2008-11-15. 
  9. ^ a b [1] Headwaters Forest Reserve 2007 BLM Manager Report
  10. ^ a b Stahle, David. "Ancient Blue Oak Woodlands of California". University of Arkansas Tree-Ring Laboratory. Retrieved 2008-11-10. 
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av Warbington, Ralph; Beardsley, Debby (2002), 2002 Estimates of Old Growth Forests on the 18 National Forests of the Pacific Southwest Region, United States Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Region 
  12. ^ a b c Rebertus, Alan J.; Thomas T. Veblen; Lynn M. Roovers; Joy Nystrom Mast (1992). "Structure and Dynamics of Old-Growth Englemann Spruce-Subalpine Fir in Colorado". In Merrill R. Kaufmann; William H. Moir; Richard L. Bassett. Old-growth forests in the Southwest and Rocky Mountain regions. General Technical Report RM-213. Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station, Forest Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture. pp. 139–153. OCLC 26835406. 
  13. ^ a b c d e United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service (February 2008). "Old Growth Chattahoochee-Oconee National Forests, Georgia". Retrieved 2011-02-15. 
  14. ^ a b c The Nature Conservancy. "The Nature Conservancy in Indiana  – Douglas Woods". Retrieved 2009-07-14. 
  15. ^ a b "Pioneer Mothers Memorial Forest Trail". 
  16. ^ a b c DeGroot, Bob (January 12, 2006), “Legislative Issue: Protecting Maryland's Forests and Wildlife”, Chesapeake: The Sierra Club Maryland Chapter Newsletter Online
  17. ^ a b c Maryland Native Plant Society: Crabtree Old-Growth Forest, Garrett County, Maryland
  18. ^ Abrams, Marc, The dendroecology and climatic impacts for old-growth white pine and hemlock on the extreme slopes of the Berkshire Hills, Massachusetts, U.S.A.
  19. ^ a b c "Sheldrick Forest Preserve". The Nature Conservancy. Retrieved 2009-01-02. 
  20. ^ a b Johnson, James A. (1 May 2004). "Enchanted Forest". Retrieved 2009-01-01. 
  21. ^ a b "Old growth forest in Nashville saved". 

References[edit]