List of oil spills

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This is a reverse-chronological list of oil spills that have occurred throughout the world and spill(s) that are currently ongoing. Quantities are measured in tonnes of crude oil with one tonne roughly equal to 308 US gallons, or 7.33 barrels, or 1165 liters. This calculation uses a median value of 0.858 for the specific gravity of light crude oil; actual values can range from 0.816 to 0.893, so the amounts shown below are inexact. They are also estimates, because the actual volume of an oil spill is difficult to measure exactly.

Underway[edit]

Spill / vesselLocationDatesEstimated flow rate (tonnes/day)Full cargo (tonnes)Spilled (min tonnes)Spilled (max tonnes)LinkNotes
Napocor
Power Barge 103
 Philippines, Estancia, Iloilo8 November 2013 to present (31 days)n/a1200170520[1][2][3][4]Leaks caused by Typhoon Haiyan.
Taylor Energy wells
Platform 23051
 United States, Gulf of Mexico16 September 2004 to present (3371 days)0.03 – 0.05n/a70109[5]

[6] [7]

Leaks resulting from Hurricane Ivan have been largely contained, but not entirely. Ocean Saratoga is periodically onsite servicing and attempting to seal the leaks. Being monitored by the United States Department of the Interior

Note: The "flow rate" column applies to leaking wells, pipelines, etc., and is often used to estimate the total amount of oil spilled. The "full cargo" column applies to vessels, vehicles, etc., and represents the maximum amount of oil that could be spilled. The "spilled" columns indicate the total amount of oil that has been released to the environment so far, and should be based on official estimates found in referenced sources whenever possible. When official estimates vary, use the "min tonnes" and "max tonnes" columns to show the range of estimates (minimum and maximum) in metric tonnes (i.e. 1 tonne = 1,000 kg).

Complete[edit]

Spill / VesselLocationDatesMin TonnesMax TonnesLink(s)
Bullenbaai oil spill Curaçao, Bullenbaai, Isla refinery1 November 2013unknownunknown[8]
North Dakota pipeline spill United States, North Dakota, Tioga25 September 2013 – 29 September 20132,8102,810[9][10]
Rayong oil spill Thailand, Rayong/Ko Samet, Gulf of Thailand27 July 201343163[11][12]
Lac-Mégantic derailment Canada, Québec, Lac-Mégantic6 July 20134,8304,830[13]
Cushing storage terminal spill United States, Oklahoma, Cushing18 May 2013340340[14][15]
2013 Mayflower oil spill United States, Arkansas, Mayflower30 March 2013680950[16]
Magnolia refinery spill United States, Arkansas, Magnolia9 March 2013680760[17][18]
Bullenbaai oil spill Curaçao, Bullenbaai7 November 2012unknownunknown[19][20]
Arthur Kill storage tank spill (Hurricane Sandy) United States, New Jersey, Sewaren29 October 20121,0901,130[21][22]
Curaçao oil spill Curaçao, Isla refinery and Jan Kok nature preserve17 August 2012unknownunknown[23][24]
Sundre, Alberta oil spill Canada, Sundre8 June 2012410410[25]
Guarapiche oil spill Venezuela, Maturín, Monagas4 February 201268041,000[26][27]
Nigeria oil spill Nigeria, Bonga Field21 December 20115,5005,500[28]
TK Bremen France, Brittany, Erdeven16 December 2011220220[29]
Campos Basin oil spill Brazil, Campos Basin, Frade Field7 November 2011 – 15 November 201189400[30]

[31]

Rena oil spill New Zealand, Tauranga, Bay of Plenty5 October 2011 – August 2012350350[32]

[33]

North Sea oil spill United Kingdom, North Sea, Gannet Alpha platform10 August 2011 – 13 August 2011216216[34]
2011 Yellowstone River oil spill United States, Billings, Montana, Yellowstone River1 July 2011105140[35]
Bohai Bay oil spill China, Bohai Bay4 June 2011 – 19 June 2011204204[36] [37]
2011 Little Buffalo oil spill Canada, Alberta29 April 20113,8003,800[38][39]
Mumbai-Uran pipeline spill India, Mumbai, Arabian Sea21 January 20114055[40][41]
Fiume Santo power station Italy, Sardinia, Porto Torres11 January 20111515[42]
Mumbai oil spill / MV MSC Chitra and MV Khalijia 3 India, Mumbai, Arabian Sea7 August 2010 – 9 August 2010400800[43][44][45]
Barataria Bay oil spill United States, Barataria Bay, Gulf of Mexico27 July 2010 – 1 August 20102345[46][47][48][49]
Kalamazoo River oil spill United States, Kalamazoo River, Calhoun County, Michigan26 July 20102,8003,250[50][51]
Xingang Port oil spill China, Yellow Sea16 July 2010 – 21 July 20101,50090,000[52]

[53]

Jebel al-Zayt oil spill Egypt, Red Sea16 June 2010 – 23 June 2010unknownunknown[54]
Red Butte Creek oil spill United States, Salt Lake City, Utah11 June 2010 – 12 June 201065107[55][56]
Trans-Alaska Pipeline spill United States, Anchorage, Alaska25 May 20104001,200[57]
MT Bunga Kelana 3 Singapore, Singapore Strait25 May 20102,0002,500[58][59][60]
2010 ExxonMobil oil spill Nigeria, Niger Delta1 May 20103,24695,500[61][62][63]
Deepwater Horizon United States, Gulf of Mexico20 April 2010 – 15 July 2010492,000627,000[64]
2010 Great Barrier Reef oil spill / MV Shen Neng 1 Australia Great Keppel Island3 April 201034[65][66][67]
2010 Port Arthur oil spill United States, Port Arthur, Texas23 January 20101,5001,500[68]
Yellow River oil spill China, Chishui River (Shaanxi)5 January 2010130130[69]
Montara oil spill Australia, Timor Sea21 August 20094,00030,000[70][71]
Full City oil spill Norway, Rognsfjorden near Såstein south of Langesund31 July 2009200200[72]
2009 Lüderitz oil spill Namibia, Southern coast8 April 2009unknownunknown[73]
2009 Queensland oil spill Australia, Queensland10 March 2009230260[74]
West Cork oil spill Ireland, Southern coastFebruary 2009300300
2008 New Orleans oil spill United States, New Orleans, Louisiana28 July 20088,8008,800[75]
2007 Statfjord oil spill Norway, Norwegian Sea12 December 20074,0004,000[76]
2007 Korea oil spill South Korea, Yellow Sea7 December 200710,80010,800[77][78]
Kerch Strait oil spill Ukraine
 Russia, Strait of Kerch
11 November 20071,0001,000[79]
COSCO Busan oil spill United States, San Francisco, California7 November 2007188188[80]
Kab 101 Mexico, Bay of Campeche23 October 2007 – 17 December 20071,8691,869[81]
Burnaby Oil Spill Canada, Burnaby, British Columbia24 July 2007201201[82]
Guimaras oil spill Philippines, Guimaras Strait11 August 20061721,540[83]
Jiyeh power station oil spill Lebanon14 July 2006 – 15 July 200620,00030,000[83]
Citgo refinery oil spill United States, Lake Charles, Louisiana19 June 20066,5006,500[84]
Prudhoe Bay oil spill United States, Alaska North Slope, Alaska2 March 2006653689[85]
Bass Enterprises (Hurricane Katrina) United States, Cox Bay, Louisiana30 August 200512,00012,000[86]
Shell (Hurricane Katrina) United States, Pilottown, Louisiana30 August 20053,4003,400[86]
Chevron (Hurricane Katrina) United States, Empire, Louisiana30 August 20053,2003,200[86]
Murphy Oil USA refinery spill (Hurricane Katrina) United States, Meraux and Chalmette, Louisiana30 August 20052,6603,410[86]

[87]

Bass Enterprises (Hurricane Katrina) United States, Pointe à la Hache, Louisiana30 August 20051,5001,500[86]
Chevron (Hurricane Katrina) United States, Port Fourchon, Louisiana30 August 2005170170[86]
Venice Energy Services Company (Hurricane Katrina) United States, Venice, Louisiana30 August 20058181[86]
Shell Pipeline Oil (Hurricane Katrina) United States, Nairn, Louisiana30 August 20054444[86]
Sundown Energy (Hurricane Katrina) United States, West Potash, Louisiana30 August 20054242[86]
MV Selendang Ayu United States, Unalaska Island, Alaska8 December 20041,5601,560[88]
Athos 1 United States, Delaware River, Paulsboro, New Jersey26 November 2004860860[89]
MP-80 Delta 20" pipeline (Hurricane Ivan) United States, Louisiana16 September 2004 – 19 September 2004963963[90]
MP-69 Nakika 18" & MP-151 Nakika 18" pipeline (Hurricane Ivan) United States, Louisiana16 September 2004 – 6 October 2004618618[90]
Chevron-Texaco tank collapse (Hurricane Ivan) United States, Louisiana16 September 2004 – 17 September 2004423423[90]
Tasman Spirit Pakistan, Karachi28 July 200328,00030,000[91][92]
Bouchard No. 120 United States, Buzzards Bay, Bourne, Massachusetts27 April 2003320320[93]
Prestige oil spill Spain, Galicia13 November 200263,00063,000[94][95]
Limburg (bombing) Yemen, Gulf of Aden6 October 200212,20012,200
Manguinhos refinery Brazil, Guanabara Bay, Rio de Janeiro23 November 20013497[96]
Trans-Alaska Pipeline gunshot spill United States, Alaska4 October 2001932932[97]
2001 Shell Ogbodo oil spill Nigeria25 June 20019,500unknown[98]
2001 Shell Ogoniland oil spill NigeriaMay 2001unknownunknown[99]
Petrobras 36 Brazil, Roncador Oil Field, Campos Basin15 March 2001274274[100]
Amorgos oil spill Taiwan, Southern coast14 January 20011,1501,150[101]
Jessica Ecuador, Galapagos IslandsJanuary 2001568568[102]

[103]

Pine River Canada, Chetwynd, British Columbia1 August 2000850850[104]
Project Deep Spill Norway, Helland Hansen ridgeJune 2000100100[105]
Treasure South Africa, Cape TownJune 20001,4001,400[102]
Petrobras pipeline Brazil, Guanabara Bay, Rio de JaneiroJanuary 20001,1001,100[96][102]
Erika France, Bay of Biscay12 December 199915,00025,000[88][102]
MV New Carissa United States, Coos Bay, Oregon4 February 1999 – 9 March 1999230230[106]
Mobil Nigeria oil spill Nigeria12 January 19985,5005,500[88]
Nakhodka Japan, Sea of JapanDecember 19976,2406,240[107]
Julie N. United States, Portland, Maine27 September 1996586586[108]
Sea Empress United Kingdom, Pembrokeshire15 February 199640,00072,000[88][94]
North Cape United States, Rhode Island19 January 19962,5002,500[109]
Seki oil spill United Arab Emirates31 March 199415,90015,900[88]
Morris J. Berman oil spill Puerto Rico7 January 19942,6002,600[110]
MV Braer United Kingdom, Shetland5 January 199385,00085,000[94]
Aegean Sea Spain, A Coruña3 December 199274,00074,000[94]
Katina P Mozambique, Maputo26 April 199272,00072,000[94]
Fergana Valley Uzbekistan2 March 1992285,000285,000[88]
Kirki Australia, Indian ocean, off the coast of Western Australia21 July 199117,28017,280[111]
ABT Summer Angola, 700 nmi (1,300 km; 810 mi) offshore28 May 1991260,000260,000[94]
MT Haven Italy, Mediterranean Sea near Genoa11 April 1991144,000144,000[94]
Gulf War oil spill Iraq, Persian Gulf23 January 1991270,000820,000[112]

[113]

Mega Borg United States, Gulf of Mexico, 57 mi (92 km) SE of Galveston, Texas8 June 199016,49916,501[114]
American Trader United States, Bolsa Chica State Beach, California7 February 1990979981[88]

[115]

Arthur Kill pipeline spill United States, New Jersey, Sewaren1 January 19901,8401,840[116]

[117]

Khark 5 Spain, 350 nmi (650 km; 400 mi) off Las Palmas de Gran Canaria19 December 198970,00080,000[88][94]
Presidente Rivera United States, Delaware River, Marcus Hook, Pennsylvania24 June 1989993993[118]
Exxon Valdez United States, Prince William Sound, Alaska24 March 198937,000104,000[94][119]
Odyssey Canada, 700 nmi (1,300 km; 810 mi) off Nova Scotia10 November 1988132,000132,000[94]
Ashland oil spill United States, Floreffe, Pennsylvania2 January 198810,00010,000[120][121]
Nova Iran, Gulf of Iran, Kharg Island6 December 198570,00070,000[94]
Grand Eagle United States, Delaware River, Marcus Hook, Pennsylvania28 September 19851,4001,400[122]
SS Mobil Oil United States, Columbia River, Longview, Washington19 March 1984550650[123][124]
Castillo de Bellver South Africa, Saldanha Bay6 August 1983252,000252,000[94]
Nowruz Field Platform Iran, Persian Gulf4 February 1983260,000260,000[125]
Tanio France, Brittany7 March 198013,50013,500[126]
Irenes Serenade Greece, Pylos23 February 1980100,000100,000[94]
MT Independenţa Turkey, Bosphorus15 November 197995,00095,000[94]
Burmah Agate United States, Galveston Bay, Texas1 November 19798,4408,440[127]
Atlantic Empress / Aegean Captain Trinidad and Tobago19 July 1979287,000287,000[94][128][129]
Ixtoc I oil spill Mexico, Bay of Campeche, Gulf of Mexico3 June 1979 – 23 March 1980454,000480,000[130][131]
Betelgeuse Ireland, Bantry Bay8 January 197964,00064,000[132]
Amoco Cadiz France, Brittany16 March 1978223,000227,000[88][88][94][133][134]
Trans-Alaska Pipeline sabotage by explosives United States, Alaska15 February 19782,1622,162[135]
Venpet / Venoil collision South Africa, Cape St. Francis16 December 197726,60030,500
Ekofisk oil field Norway, North Sea22 April 197727,60027,600[136][137]
Hawaiian Patriot United States, 300 nmi (560 km; 350 mi) off Honolulu, Hawaii26 February 197795,00095,000[88][94]
Borag Taiwan, Northern coast7 February 197734,00034,000[138]
Argo Merchant United States, Nantucket Island, Massachusetts15 December 197625,00028,000[139][140]
NEPCO 140 oil spill United States, Saint Lawrence River23 June 19761,0001,000[141][142]
Urquiola Spain, A Coruña12 May 1976100,000100,000[94]
Niger Delta Nigeria, Niger Delta1976 – 1996258,000328,000[143]
Corinthos United States, Delaware River, Marcus Hook, Pennsylvania31 January 197535,70035,700
Jakob Maersk Portugal, Oporto29 January 197588,00088,000[94]
VLCC Metula Chile, Strait of Magellan9 August 197450,00051,000[144]
Sea Star Iran, Gulf of Oman19 December 1972115,000115,000[88][94]
Oswego-Guardian / Texanita collision South Africa, Stilbaai21 August 197210,00010,000
Wafra South Africa, Cape Agulhas21 February 197127,00027,000[145]
Arizona Standard / Oregon Standard collision United States, San Francisco Bay17 January 19712,7002,700[146][147]
Othello Sweden, Trälhavet Bay20 March 197050,00060,000[88][102]
1969 Santa Barbara oil spill United States, Santa Barbara, California28 January 196910,00014,000[148]
Torrey Canyon United Kingdom, Cornwall and Isles of Scilly18 March 196780,000119,000[88][94]
African Queen oil spill United States, Ocean City, Maryland30 December 195821,00021,000[149][150]
Avila Beach pipeline United States, Avila Beach, California1950's – 19961,3001,300[151]
Guadalupe Oil Field United States, Guadalupe, California1950's – 199429,00029,000[151]
Greenpoint, Brooklyn oil spill United States, Newtown Creek, Greenpoint, Brooklyn, New York1940s – 1950s55,20097,400[152]
SS Frank H. Buck / SS President Coolidge collision United States, San Francisco Bay, California6 March 19378,8708,870[146][153]
Lakeview Gusher United States, Kern County, California14 March 1910 – 10 September 19111,230,0001,230,000[154]
Thomas W. Lawson United Kingdom, Isles of Scilly14 December 19077,4007,400

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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