List of organ transplant donors and recipients

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This list of notable organ transplant donors and recipients includes people who were the first to undergo certain organ transplant procedures or were people who made significant contributions to their chosen field and who have either donated or received an organ transplant at some point in their lives, as confirmed by public information.

Survival statistics[edit]

Survival statistics depend greatly on the age of donor, age of recipient, skill of the transplant center, compliance of the recipient, whether the organ came from a living or cadaveric donor and overall health of the recipient. Median survival rates can be quite misleading, especially for the relatively small sample that is available for these organs. Survival rates improve almost yearly, due to improved techniques and medications. This example is from the United Network of Organ Sharing (UNOS), the USA umbrella organization for transplant centers. Up-to-date data can be obtained from the UNOS website.

Transplant TypeMedian survival
Liver transplant16 years
Heart transplant10 years
Kidney transplant16 years

Notable first procedures[edit]

ProcedureDoctor in charge of transplantName of recipientOrgan donated byCommentsDate of transplantSurvivalReference
First corneal transplantEduard ZirmAlois GlogarKarl BrauerDecember 7, 1905[1]
First human kidney transplant in the United StatesJoseph MurrayRichard HerrickRonald Herrick (twin brother)December 23, 1954Approx. 8 yrs.[2]
First human kidney transplant in the United KingdomSir Michael Woodruff and Clint McMillenoscar Anonymous 49-year old manRecipient's twin brotherThe donor resumed work 3 weeks after the operation; the patient returned to work after 15 weeks. They both lived for a further 6 years before dying from an unrelated disease.October 30, 1960[3]
First human liver transplantThomas StarzlFirst transplant was unsuccessful. The first successful liver transplant was performed by Dr. Starzl four years later.1963[4]
First human lung transplantJames D. HardyFirst transplant in unsuccessful. The first successful lung transplant was performed in 1983 by Joel Cooper.1963[4]
First human heart transplantChristiaan BarnardLouis WashkanskyDenise DarvallTransplant was only good for 18 days. Washkansky died on December 21, 1967December 3, 196718 days,[5]
First human pancreas transplantRichard Lillehei and William Kelly1968[4]
First human hand transplantEarl Owen and Jean-Michel DubernardClint HallamThe transplanted hand was removed at request of recipient after about two and a half years on February 2, 2001.September 23, 1998[6]
First partial human face transplantJean-Michel Dubernard and Bernard DevauchelleIsabelle DinoireNovember 27, 2005[7][8]
First transplant of a human organ grown from adult stem cells[9][10][11][12][13]

Notable recipients[edit]

Corneal transplant[edit]

NameLifeCommentsDate of transplantSurvivalReference
Mandy Patinkin(1952 –)Actor. He suffered from keratoconus, a degenerative eye disease, in the mid-1990s. This led to two corneal transplants; his right cornea in 1997, and his left in 1998.1997, 1998[14]

Heart transplants[edit]

NameLifeCommentsDate of transplantSurvivalReference
Robert Altman(1925–2006)Film Director. Announced the transplant at the 78th Academy Awards in 2005 while accepting his Lifetime Achievement Oscar. Altman said, "I'm here under false pretenses … Eleven years ago I had a heart transplant, a total heart transplant. I got the heart of, I think, a young woman who was in about in her late thirties. By that kind of calculation you may be giving this award too early because I think I've got about 40 years left."199511 years[15]
Robert P. Casey(1932–2000)41st Governor of Pennsylvania. Announced that he needed a rare heart/liver transplant due to a rare genetic condition in which proteins invade and destroy major bodily organs. Shortly after the announcement, Casey received the heart and liver from a 35-year old African-American male who was killed in an auto accident near Erie, Pennsylvania. The short time between the announcement and the operation lead to accusations that Casey was secretly placed on the top of the waiting list, along with sparking an urban legend that the donor was "killed" by the Pennsylvania State Police in order to "harvest" the organs.19936 years
Dick Cheney(1941–)Vice President under George W. Bush 2001-2009. Received his heart transplant on March 24, 2012 at Inova Fairfax HospitalMarch 24, 2012[16]
Erik Compton(1979–)American professional golfer1992, 2008[17]
Glen Gondrezick(1953–2009)American basketball player, formerly in the NBA, and broadcaster.September 20, 20087 months[18]
Jonathan Hardy(1940– )New Zealand actor. Starred as voice of Rygel on Farscape; wrote the screenplay for Breaker Morant and was nominated for an Academy Award.
Billy T. James(1948–1991)New Zealand comedian and entertainer.19892 years[19]
Eddie Large(1941– )British comedian. One half of the comedy duo Little and Large.2002
Mussum(1941–1994)Brazilian actor, singer and comedian.July 12, 199417 days[20]

[21]

Norton Nascimento(1962–2007)Brazilian actor.December 19, 20034 years[22]

[23]

Kelly Perkins(1961– )Author and noted world-class mountain climber who has set world records as the first ever heart transplant recipient to scale the most famous mountains in the world.1995[24]
Jerry Richardson(1938– )American businessman and principal owner of the NFL's Carolina Panthers.February 1, 2009[25]
Sandro(1945–2010)Argentine singer and actor. He died after complications of a heart–lung transplant.November 20, 200945 days[26]
Carroll Shelby(1923–2012)American entrepreneur famous for his race car driving and automotive developments in designing the cult-classic Shelby Cobras and Ford's Shelby Mustang. Carroll Shelby received a heart transplant in 1990, then in 1996, a living donor kidney transplant from his son. Carroll died May 10, 2012 at the age of 89.heart: 1990; kidney: 1996Heart: 22 years; Kidney: 16 years[27]

Kidney transplants[edit]

NameLifeCommentsDate of transplantSurvivalReference
Steven Cojocaru(1965 –)Fashion critic and member of Entertainment Tonight. In November 2004 he announced that he was suffering from polycystic kidney disease and would require a kidney transplant. He underwent transplant surgery on January 14, 2005, after his friend Abby Finer donated one of her kidneys. Later, the kidney became infected by a virus, and in June 2005 he underwent a second operation to have the new kidney removed. On August 17, he announced that his body was free of the viral infection and that he was ready to find a new transplant. He then received a second kidney transplant, which was donated by his mother.2005[28][29]
Natalie Cole(1950 –)Singer-songwriterMay 20, 2009[30]
Gary Coleman(1968–2010)Actor who played Arnold on Diff'rent Strokes. Received two separate kidney transplants, one in 1973 and another in 1984.26 years (from second transplant)[31]
Prince Daniel, Duke of Västergötland(1973 –)Prince of Sweden, husband of Victoria, Crown Princess of Sweden and former personal trainer and gym owner. Underwent a kidney transplant at Karolinska University Hospital, his father was the donor.May 27, 2009[32]
Lucy Davis(1973 –)Actress best known for playing the character Dawn Tinsley in the BBC comedy, The Office. Kidney received in 1997, which was donated by her mother.1997[33]
Kenny Easley(1959 –)Former NFL playerJune 7, 1990[34]
Aron Eisenberg(1969 –)Actor, Star Trek: Deep Space Nine[35]
Sean Elliott(1968 –)NBA basketball star. The kidney was donated by his brother. Elliott made history by returning to play in the NBA following his surgery.August 16, 1999[36]
Jennifer Harman(1964 –)Poker player; only woman to win two open events in the World Series of Poker. Had two separate kidney transplants.[37]
Ken Howard(1944 –)Tony-winning actor who is best known for his role in the television show The White Shadow as basketball coach and former Chicago Bulls player, Ken Reeves.2000[38]
Ivan Klasnić(1980 –)Croatian international footballer. After kidney failure in late 2006, he underwent an unsuccessful transplant in January 2007, followed by a successful one from his father two months later. He returned to action with Werder Bremen in November, and played at Euro 2008, becoming the first kidney transplant patient to play in a major football finals.March 13, 2007[39][40]
Jimmy Little(1937 –)Australian country/rock artist.February 2004[41]
Jonah Lomu(1975 –)New Zealand All Blacks rugby union player. The kidney was donated by Wellington radio presenter Grant Kereama. Lomu came back to professional rugby in 2005, though not with his past success.July 28, 2004[42]
George Lopez(1961 –)Actor-Comedian and star of the George Lopez TV series. Kidney transplant from his wife, Ann Lopez in April 2005April 2005[43]
Sarah Hyland(1990 –)American actress.April 13, 2012[44]
Tracy Morgan(1968 –)American actor and comedian.December 2010[45]
Alonzo Mourning(1970 –)NBA basketball star. Like Elliott, Mourning returned to play in the NBA following his surgery; he retired in January 2009, not having played since 2007 due to a serious leg injury.December 19, 2003[46]
Kerry Packer(1937 – 2005)His long-serving helicopter pilot, Nick Ross, donated one of his own kidneys to Packer for transplantation.2000Five years[47]

[48]

Charles Perkins(1936 – 2000)Australian soccer player, Aboriginal activist and government minister.197228 years[49][50]
Billy Preston(1946 – 2006)An American soul musician from Houston, Texas, raised mostly in Los Angeles, California.20024 years
Neil Simon(1927- )His long-time publicist, Bill Evans.2004[48]
Ron Springs(1956 – )Former NFL player. Kidney donated by former Dallas Cowboys teammate Everson Walls.February 28, 2007See footnote[51][52]

Liver transplants[edit]

NameLifeCommentsDate of transplantSurvivalReference
Éric Abidal(1979– )French footballer.April 10, 2012[53]
Greg Allman(1947– )American musician best known as the leader of The Allman Brothers Band.June 23, 2010[54]
George Best(1946–2005)British football player.July 30, 2002Three years[55]
Jack Bruce(1943– )British musician most famous as a member of the 1960s band Cream. Diagnosed with liver cancer several months before the transplant.September 19, 2003[56]
Robert P. Casey(1932–2000)41st Governor of Pennsylvania. Received new liver during same operation in which he received a new heart.19936 years
David Crosby(1941– )Rock-folk singer most famous as a member of The Byrds and CSNY.November 1994[57][58][59]
Gerald Durrell(1925–1995 )Founder of Jersey Zoo, author, television presenter, conservationist28 March 19949 months approx[60]
Shelley Fabares(1944– )Actress and singer who starred on the sitcom Coach.2000[61]
Freddy Fender(1937–2006)A country, and rock and roll musician. Diagnosed with hepatitis C in 2000.2004Approximately 2 years[62][63][64]
"Superstar" Billy Graham(1943– )A former professional wrestler. Had a liver transplant after his was destroyed by hepatitis C, which he suspects was caught through blood spilt during a match.2002[62][65]
Larry Hagman(1931–2012)Actor, best known for playing J.R. Ewing on the soap opera Dallas199517 years[66]
Steve Jobs(1955–2011)American businessman; cofounder and CEO of Apple Inc. and former CEO of Pixar. In 2004 he had a cancerous tumor removed from his pancreas.April 20092 years[67]
Chris Klug(1972– )Professional snowboarder who received a liver transplant to treat Primary sclerosing cholangitis. Went on to compete in the 2002 Winter Olympics in Salt Lake City. This was the first and so far only time a transplantee had competed in the Olympics, either winter or summer.2000[68]
Evel Knievel(1938–2007)A stuntperson, best known for his public displays of long distance, high-altitude motorcycle jumping. Had a liver transplant as a result of hepatitis C, which he believed was contracted during an operation.January 29, 1999Almost 9 years[62][69][70]
Phil Lesh(1940– )A musician and founder member of rock band Grateful Dead, in which he played bass guitar. He was diagnosed with hepatitis C in 1992.1998[62][71]
Linda Lovelace(1949–2002)A pornographic actress, notable for the 1972 film Deep Throat. She contracted hepatitis C from a blood transfusion after a car accident in 1969.198715 years[62][72]
Mickey Mantle(1931–1995)Hall of Fame baseball player. Mantle died a couple of months later of liver cancer, which had spread to his new liver.19952 months[73]
Jim Nabors(1930–)Actor-singer-comedian, best known for playing Gomer Pyle in The Andy Griffith Show and its spinoff Gomer Pyle, U.S.M.C.1994[74]
John Phillips(1935–2001)Singer, guitarist, and songwriter, best known as founder and leader of The Mamas & the Papas.1992Approximately 9 years[75]
Lou Reed(1942–2013)American rock musician and songwriter.20135 months[76][77][78][79]

Lung transplants[edit]

NameLifeCommentsDate of transplantSurvivalReference
Sandro(1945–2010)Argentine singer and actor. He died after complications of a heart–lung transplant.November 20, 200945 days[26]
Charity Sunshine Tillemann-Dick(1983–)American soprano.September 2009[80]

Notable donors[edit]

NameLifeCommentsOrgan(s) donatedDate of transplantSurvivalReference
Zell Kravinsky(1954 – )American Investor known for donating over $45 million of his personal wealth to charity. Donated kidney to a stranger.Kidney[81]
Dick Cass(1946 – )President of the Baltimore Ravens football team, donated kidney to law school friendKidney[82]
Jake Garn(1932 – )U.S. Senator/Space Shuttle specialist, donated a kidney to his daughterKidneySeptember 1986[83]
Nicholas Green(1987 – 1994)American boy who was killed in Italy. His parents chose to donate his organs.VariousOctober 1994N/A; organs donated upon death.[84]
Jon-Erik Hexum(1957 – 1984)American model and actor.Heart, kidneys and corneasOctober 1984N/A; organs donated upon death[85]
Virginia Postrel(1960 – )Donated kidney to her friend Sally SatelKidneyMarch 2006[86][87]
Dr. Rajkumar(1929 – 2006)Popular Indian film personality who donated his eyes after death and inspired thousands others to pledge their eyes.EyesApril 2006N/A; organs donated upon death[88]
Oscar Robertson(1938 – )Basketball Hall of Famer. Donated kidney to his daughter Tia.Kidney1997[89]
Neda Soltan(1983 – 2009)Iranian martyr, a bystander at a political protest, her death was recorded by cell phone cameras.VariousCirca June 20, 2009N/A; organs donated upon death.[90]
Angélico Vieira(1982 – 2011)Portuguese actor and singer.Pancreas, liver and kidneysCirca June 2011N/A; organs donated upon death[91]
Everson Walls(1959 – )Former NFL player, donated kidney to former Dallas Cowboys teammate Ron Springs.KidneyFebruary 28, 2007[52]
Olle Westling(1945 – )Swedish socionom and municipal civil servant, donated kidney to his son Prince Daniel, Duke of Västergötland.KidneyMay 27, 2009[32]

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