List of national parks of Thailand

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Haeo Suwat waterfall in Khao Yai National Park, Thailand's first national park, designated in 1961.

National parks in Thailand (Thai: อุทยานแห่งชาติทางบก) are defined as an area that contains natural resources of ecological importance or unique beauty, or flora and fauna of special importance. Currently there are 102 national parks (including 21 marine national parks, อุทยานแห่งชาติทางทะเล). Often forest parks (วนอุทยานใน) are miscalled as national parks as well.

The parks are administrated by the National Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation Department (DNP), which is part of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment (MONRE). The department was newly created in 2002, and took over the national parks from the Royal Forest Department of the Ministry of Agriculture.

The first national park was Khao Yai in 1961, when the National Park Act B.E. 2504 was passed. The first marine park was Khao Sam Roi Yot, established in 1966. In 1993 the administration of the national parks was split into two divisions, one for the terrestrial and one for the Marine National Park Division (MNPD).[1]

Controversies about Thailand's national parks include excessive development and private concessions. Ko Samet, and other island-based national parks, are particularly impacted by private concessions, often in the form of excessive bungalow developments. Further, many of the northern parks are greatly impacted by illegal swidden farming and poaching.

There are 33 national parks and three marine parks in the process of creation, and are scheduled to be officially gazetted in the future.

National parks of Thailand[edit]

North[edit]

A view over Phu Hin Rong Kla National Park in Loei, Phitsanulok and Phetchabun provinces.
Wachirathan (lit. "Diamond Creek") waterfall on Doi Inthanon, the highest mountain in Thailand.
Great Hornbill flying in Khao Yai National Park
NameProvinceArea (km²)Date created
Thung Salaeng LuangPhitsanulok, Phetchabun
1,262.4
Nam NaoPhetchabun
966
Doi InthanonChiang Mai
482.4
1954
Doi Khun TanLamphun, Lampang
255.29
Lan SangTak
104
RamkhamhaengSukhothai
341
1980
Doi Suthep-PuiChiang Mai
261.06
Si SatchanalaiSukhothai
213.2
1981
Mae PingLamphun, Tak, Chiang Mai
1,003.75
Wiang KosaiPhrae, Lampang
410
Namtok Mae SurinMae Hong Son
396.6
1981
Taksin MaharatTak
149
1981
Khlong LanKamphaeng Phet
300
1985
Phu Hin Rong KlaPhitsanulok, Loei
307
1984
Mae YomPhrae
454.75
Mae WongKamphaeng Phet, Nakhon Sawan
894
1987
Namtok Chat TrakanPhitsanulok
543
Kaeng Chet KhwaePhitsanulok
261
Chae SonLampang
592
1988
Sri LannaChiang Mai
1,406
Doi LuangChiang Rai, Phayao, Lampang
1,170
Khlong Wang ChaoKamphaeng Phet, Tak
747
Op LuangChiang Mai
553
1991
Sa La WinMae Hong Son
721.52
Khun ChaeChiang Rai
270
1995
Huai Nam DangChiang Mai
1,252.12
Lam Nam NanPhrae, Uttaradit
999.15
Tat MokPhetchabun
290
Mae MoeiTak
185.28
Doi Phu KhaNan
1,704
Mae PhangChiang Mai
524
Phu SangChiang Rai, Phayao
284.88
Chiang DaoChiang Mai
1,154.92
2000
Mae WaLampang, Tak
587
Tham Pla – Namtok Pha SueaMae Hong Son
511
Mae PuemChiang Rai, Phayao
350.948

North-East[edit]

Khao Yai National Park is the second largest in Thailand, covering an area of 2,168 square kilometers.
NameProvinceArea (km²)Date created
Khao YaiNakhon Ratchasima, Nakhon Nayok, Prachinburi
2,168.635
Phu KradungLoei
348.12
Phu PhanSakon Nakhon, Kalasin
664.70
Phu RueaLoei
120.84
Tat TonChaiyaphum
217.18
Kaeng TanaUbon Ratchathani
80
Thap Lan National ParkNakhon Ratchasima, Prachinburi
2,235.80
Phu Kao - Phu Phan Kham National ParkKhon Kaen
322
Phu Chong-Na YoiUbon Ratchathani
686
Huai Huat National ParkNakhon Phanom, Sakon Nakhon, Mukdahan
828.56
Mukdahan National ParkMukdahan
48.5
Phu WiangKhon Kaen
325
Phu Pha Man National ParkLoei, Khon Kaen
340
Pha Taem National ParkUbon Ratchathani
350
Phu Sa Dok BuaUbon Ratchathani, Yasothon, Mukdahan
231
Sai ThongChaiyaphum
319
Na HaewLoei
117.16
Ta Phraya National ParkSakaeo, Buriram
594
Khao Phra Wihan National ParkUbon Ratchathani, Sisaket
130
Nam PhongKhon Kaen, Chaiyaphum
197

Western, Central and Eastern Thailand[edit]

NameProvinceArea (km²)Date created
Namtok PhlioChanthaburi
134.5
ErawanKanchanaburi
549.98
Khao Chamo-Khao WongRayong, Chanthaburi
83.68
Khao KhitchakutChanthaburi
58.310
Chaloem RattanakosinKanchanaburi
59
Sai YokKanchanaburi
500
Thong Pha PhumKanchanaburi
1120
Phra PuttachaiSaraburi
44.57
Kaeng KrachanPhetchaburi, Prachuap Khiri Khan
2,914.70
Khuean SrinagarindraKanchanaburi
1,532
Pang SidaSa Kaeo, Prachinburi
844
1982
Khao LaemKanchanaburi
1,497
Phu ToeiSuphanburi
317.48
Kui BuriPrachuap Khiri Khan
969
Ta PhrayaBuriram, Sa Kaeo
594
1996
Phu ToeiSuphanburi
317.48

South[edit]

Khao Sok National Park
NameProvinceArea (km²)Date created
Khao LuangNakhon Si Thammarat
570
Khao SokSurat Thani
738.74
1980
Khao Phanom BenchaKrabi
50.12
Khao Pu-Khao YaPhattalung
694
Si Phang-ngaPhang Nga
246.08
Namtok YongNakhon Si Thammarat
205
Khao Nam KhangSongkhla
212
Kaeng KrungSurat Thani
541
1990
Tai Rom YenSurat Thani
425
1991
Bang LangYala
261
Namtok NgaoRanong, Chumphon
668
Budo-Sungai PadiNarathiwat, Pattani, Yala
341
1974
Namtok Si KhidNakhon Si Thammarat, Surat Thani
145
Khlong PhanomSurat Thani
410.40
2000
SirinatPhuket
90
1981

Marine parks[edit]

Sunset at Mu Ko Surin National Marine Park in Phang Nga Province.
Phraya Nakhon Cave in Khao Sam Roi Yot National Park, Thailand's first national marine park.
One of the many beaches of Khao Sam Roi Yot National Park
NameProvinceArea (km²)Date created
Khao Sam Roi YotPrachuap Khiri Khan
98.08
1966
Ao Phang Nga National ParkPhang Nga
400
1981[2]
TarutaoSatun
1,490.00
1976
ThalebanSatun
196.00
1980
Mu Ko Ang ThongSurat Thani
102.00
1980
Than Sadet-Ko Pha-NganSurat Thani
65.93
1983
Mu Ko SurinPhang Nga
135.00
1981
SirinathPhuket
90.00
1981
Khao Laem Ya-Mu Ko SamedRayong
131.00
1981
Hat Chao MaiTrang
230.87
1981
Mu Ko SimilanPhang Nga
140.00
1982
Mu Ko ChangTrat
650.00
1982
LaemsonRanong
315.00
1983
Hat Nopparatthara-Mu Ko Phi PhiKrabi
387.90
1983
Mu Ko PhetraTrang, Satun
494.38
1984
Khao Lam Pee-Hat Thai MuangPhang Nga
72.00
1986
Ko LantaKrabi
134.00
1990
Khao Lak-Lam RuPhang Nga
125.00
1991
Hat Vanakorn
38.00
1992
Than BokkhoraniKrabi
104.00
1998
Mu Ko ChumphonChumphon
317.00
1999
Lam Nam KraburiRanong
160.00
1999

Not yet gazetted[edit]

The beach at the under-development Hat Khanom - Mu Ko Thale Tai National Park.
A Siam Tulip (Curcuma alismatifolia) in the proposed Pa Hin Ngam National Park in Chaiyaphum Province.
NameProvinceArea (km²)
Mai Ta KhaiChiang Mai
Aob KhanChiang Mai
Doi Wiang PhaLampang
Tham PhathaiLampang
Doi PhaklongPhrae
Klong TronUttaradit
Sri NanNan
Doi Phu NangPhayao
Mae ThoChiang Mai
Namtok PacharoenTak
Kaeng JegquarPhitsanulok, Uttaradit
Khun KhanChiang Mai
Mae NgaoMae Hong Son, Tak, Chiang Mai
Pa Mae PaemChiang Rai, Phayao
Pu SoidaoUttaradit
Mae CharimNan
Mae WangLampang, Lamphun
Mae PhasaTak
KhunnanNan
NunthaburiNan
Lam Klong NguKanchanaburi
Namtok Klong KaewTrat
Pa Hin NgamChaiyaphum
Phu LangkaMae Hong Son
Phu Pha LekSakon Nakhon, Ubon Ratchathani
Phu Lan KaChaiyaphum
Namtok Sai KhaoPattani, Yala, Songkhla
Khao NanNakhon Si Thammarat
Sun Gala KhiriYala, Songkhla
Namtok ShipoPattani, Narathiwat
Chaloem Phrakiat Thai PrachanRatchaburi
Hat Khanom - Mu Ko Thale TaiNakhon Si Thammarat, Surat Thani
739

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Meprasert, Somrudee; Oregon State University (2006). The 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami: Tourism impacts and recovery progress in Thailand's marine national parks. ProQuest. pp. 11–. ISBN 978-0-542-96361-2. Retrieved October 2, 2011. 
  2. ^ Ao Phangnga was created by Royal decree and gazetted under proclamation number 98 section 64 of 29 April 1981

External links[edit]