National parks of Russia

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There are currently forty-one national parks in Russia, a list of which is given below. Together they cover approximately 71,700 square kilometers (27,700 sq mi).

Overview[edit]

The oldest parks in Russia are Sochinsky and Losiny Ostrov (1983); Samarskaya Luka (1984); Mariy Chodra (1985); Bashkiriya, Prielbrusye, Pribaykalsky, and Zabaykalsky (1986).[1]

According to the law on the protected areas of Russia, national parks are areas of land and water devoted to nature protection, ecological education, and scientific research. They contain sites of particular ecological, historical and aesthetic value. Regulated tourism is permitted.[2][3]

The area of each park is divided into zones according to various functions. There should be a strictly protected area managed as a zapovednik, and also recreational and buffer zones in which economic activity is allowed, such as tourism, traditional land use, and benign forms of agriculture and forestry. The strictly protected function is sometimes fulfilled by a neighbouring official zapovednik; for instance, Barguzin Zapovednik adjoins Zabaykalsky National Park on the east side of Lake Baikal.[3]

In 2001 Vodlozersky National Park received UNESCO Biosphere Reserve status, followed by Smolenskoye Poozerye and Ugra National Park in 2002, and two others (Valdaysky and Kenozersky) in 2004.[3]

The national parks are currently the responsibility of the Ministry of Natural Resources of Russia.[3]

Parks listed[edit]

For each park the date of foundation is given, and also the region of Russia and coordinates on the map. The external links lead to the Biodiversity Conservation Center (Russian: Центр дикой природы) in Moscow (in Russian).

Map of national parks in Russia
#NameRussian nameLocationArea (ha)Established
1Alaniya National ParkАланияRepublic of North Ossetia–Alania54,9261998
2Alkhanay National ParkАлханайZabaykalsky Krai138,2341999
3Anuysky National ParkАнуйскийKhabarovsk Krai429,3702008
4Bashkiriya National ParkБашкирияRepublic of Bashkortostan79,8001986
5Buzuluksky Bor National ParkБузулукский БорOrenburg Oblast106,0002007
6Chavash Varmane Bor National ParkЧаваш ВарманеChuvash Republic25,2001993
7Kalevalsky Bor National ParkКалевальскийRepublic of Karelia74,3432006
8Kenozersky National ParkКенозерскийArkhangelsk Oblast139,6631991
9Khvalynsky National ParkХвалынскийSaratov Oblast25,5141994
10Kurshskaya Kosa National ParkКуршская косаKaliningrad Oblast6,6211987
11Losiny Ostrov National ParkЛосиный островMoscow, Moscow Oblast12,8811983
12Mariy Chodra National ParkМарий ЧодраMari El Republic36,6001985
13Meshchyora National ParkМещёраVladimir Oblast118,9001992
14Meshchyorsky National ParkМещёрскийRyazan Oblast103,0141992
15Nechkinsky National ParkНечкинскийUdmurt Republic20,7531997
16Nizhnyaya Kama National ParkНижняя КамаRepublic of Tatarstan26,5871991
17Orlovskoye Polesye National ParkОрловское ПолесьеOryol Oblast77,7451994
18Paanajärvi National ParkПаанаярвиRepublic of Karelia104,4731992
19Pleshcheyevo Ozero National ParkПлещеево ОзероYaroslavl Oblast23,7901988
20Pribaykalsky National ParkПрибайкальскийIrkutsk Oblast418,0001986
21Prielbrusye National ParkПриэльбрусьеKabardino-Balkar Republic100,4001986
22Pripyshminskiye Bory National ParkПрипышминские БорыSverdlovsk Oblast49,0501993
23Russkaya Arktika National ParkРусская АрктикаArkhangelsk Oblast1,426,0002009
24Russky Sever National ParkРусский СеверVologda Oblast166,4001992
25Samarskaya Luka National ParkСамарская ЛукаSamara Oblast134,0001984
26Sebezhsky National ParkСебежскийPskov Oblast50,0211996
27Shorsky National ParkШорскийKemerovo Oblast418,2001989
28Shushensky Bor National ParkШушенский БорKrasnoyarsk Krai39,1731995
29Smolenskoye Poozerye National ParkСмоленское ПоозерьеSmolensk Oblast146,2371992
30Smolny National ParkСмольныйRepublic of Mordovia36,5001995
31Sochi National ParkСочиKrasnodar Krai193,7371983
32Taganay National ParkТаганайChelyabinsk Oblast56,4001991
33Tunkinsky National ParkТункинскийBuryat Republic1,183,6621991
34Udegeyskaya Legenda National ParkУдэгейская ЛегендаPrimorsky Krai88,6002007
35Ugra National ParkУграKaluga Oblast98,6231997
36Valdaysky National ParkВалдайскийNovgorod Oblast158,5001990
37Vodlozersky National ParkВодлозерскийRepublic of Karelia468,9151991
38Yugyd Va National ParkЮгыд ВаKomi Republic1,891,7011994
39Zabaykalsky National ParkЗабайкальскийBuryat Republic267,1771986
40Zov Tigra National ParkЗов ТиграPrimorsky Krai82,1522007
41Zyuratkul National ParkЗюраткульChelyabinsk Oblast88,2491993

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Russian Nature Press
  2. ^ "About Special Protected Nature Areas", a Russian Federation federal law of March 14, 1995.(Russian)
  3. ^ a b c d Biodiversity Conservation Centre Moscow

External links[edit]