List of murdered popes

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Several Roman Catholic popes have been murdered. The circumstances have ranged from martyrdom (Pope Stephen I)[1] to war (Lucius II),[2] to a beating by a jealous husband (Pope John XII).</ref> A number of other popes have died under circumstances that some believe to be murder, but for which definitive evidence has not been found.

Contents

Chronological list of martyr popes (assassinated because of defending the faith)[3]

Chronological list of popes murdered

Chronological list of popes who are alleged to have been murdered

References

  1. ^ The golden legend: readings on the saints By Jacobus de Voragine, William Granger Ryan. Princeton University Press. p. 39.
  2. ^ Foul Play Suspected in Popes Death? Baltimore Afro-American - Oct 10, 1978
  3. ^ most of the history and circumstances of the assassinations of popes in the first three centuries of our era are documented on the Acts of the Martyrs (with the exception of those stated as "traditionally martyred").
  4. ^ The golden legend: readings on the saints By Jacobus de Voragine, William Granger Ryan. Princeton University Press. p. 39.
  5. ^ Pope Stephen (VI) VII New Advent.org
  6. ^ The article Pope John XII at New Advent.org says instead that he died eight days after, according to rumour, having been stricken with paralysis in an act of adultery.
  7. ^ Pope Benedict VI New Advent.org
  8. ^ Pope John XIV NewAdvent.org
  9. ^ Mann, H. (1910). Pope John VIII. In The Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. Retrieved February 14, 2010 from New Advent: http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/08423c.htm
  10. ^ Pope Leo V NewAdvent.org
  11. ^ Pope John X NewAdvent.org
  12. ^ Pope Clement II NewAdvent.org
  13. ^ Pope Boniface VIII NewAdvent.org
  14. ^ Yallop, David A. In God's Name: An Investigation into the Murder of Pope John Paul I. Toronto: Bantam Books, 1984. ISBN 978-0-553-05073-8.