Most ODA comes from the 28 members of the Development Assistance Committee (DAC), or about $135 billion in 2013, with an additional $15.9 billion from the European Commission and a further $9.4 billion from seven non-DAC countries, which reported preliminary figures in 2013.
Official development assistance by country in absolute terms in 2013
To qualify as official development assistance, a contribution must contain three elements:
Be undertaken by the official sector (that is, a government or government agency);
With promotion of economic development and welfare as the main objective;
At concessional financial terms (that is, with favorable loan terms.)
Thus, by definition, ODA does not include private donations.
According to the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, the DAC countries giving the highest amounts of ODA (in absolute terms) are as follows. European Union countries together gave $70.73 billion and EU Institutions gave a further $15.93 billion.
Official development assistance by country as a percentage of Gross National Income in 2013
The Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development also lists countries by the amount of ODA they give as a percentage of their gross national income. Five countries met the longstanding UN target for an ODA/GNI ratio of 0.7% in 2013:
The UAE's ODA/GNI ratio rose to 1.25% in 2013, the largest reported share of any country, due to their contributions to address financial and infrastructure needs in Egypt, Jordan, Palestine, Afghanistan and Syria. The UAE puts this figure at 1.33% of GNI and a total of $5.9 in aid contributions for 2013.