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The mass moment of inertia, usually denoted I, measures the extent to which an object resists rotational acceleration about an axis, and is the rotational analogue to mass. Mass moments of inertia have units of dimension mass × length^{2}. It should not be confused with the second moment of area, which is used in bending calculations.

Geometrically simple objects have moments of inertia that can be expressed mathematically, but it may not be straightforward to symbolically express the moment of inertia of more complex bodies.

The following moments of inertia assume constant density throughout the object, and the axis of rotation is taken to be through the centre of mass, unless otherwise specified.

Description | Figure | Moment(s) of inertia | Comment |
---|---|---|---|

Point mass m at a distance r from the axis of rotation. | A point mass does not have a moment of inertia around its own axis, but by using the parallel axis theorem a moment of inertia around a distant axis of rotation is achieved. | ||

Two point masses, M and m, with reduced mass and separated by a distance, x. | — | ||

Rod of length L and mass m(Axis of rotation at the end of the rod) | ^{[1]} | This expression assumes that the rod is an infinitely thin (but rigid) wire. This is also a special case of the thin rectangular plate with axis of rotation at the end of the plate, with h = L and w = 0. | |

Rod of length L and mass m | ^{[1]} | This expression assumes that the rod is an infinitely thin (but rigid) wire. This is a special case of the thin rectangular plate with axis of rotation at the center of the plate, with w = L and h = 0. | |

Thin circular hoop of radius r and mass m | This is a special case of a torus for b = 0. (See below.), as well as of a thick-walled cylindrical tube with open ends, with r_{1} = r_{2} and h = 0. | ||

Thin, solid disk of radius r and mass m | This is a special case of the solid cylinder, with h = 0. That is a consequence of the Perpendicular axis theorem. | ||

Thin cylindrical shell with open ends, of radius r and mass m | ^{[1]} | This expression assumes the shell thickness is negligible. It is a special case of the thick-walled cylindrical tube for r_{1} = r_{2}.Also, a point mass ( | |

Solid cylinder of radius r, height h and mass m | ^{[1]} | This is a special case of the thick-walled cylindrical tube, with r_{1} = 0. (Note: X-Y axis should be swapped for a standard right handed frame) | |

Thick-walled cylindrical tube with open ends, of inner radius r_{1}, outer radius r_{2}, length h and mass m | ^{[1]}^{[2]}or when defining the normalized thickness t = _{n}t/r and letting r = r_{2},then | With a density of ρ and the same geometry | |

Tetrahedron of side s and mass m | — | ||

Octahedron (hollow) of side s and mass m | — | ||

Octahedron (solid) of side s and mass m | — | ||

Sphere (hollow) of radius r and mass m | ^{[1]} | A hollow sphere can be taken to be made up of two stacks of infinitesimally thin, circular hoops, where the radius differs from 0 to r (or a single stack, where the radius differs from -r to r). | |

Ball (solid) of radius r and mass m | ^{[1]} | A sphere can be taken to be made up of two stacks of infinitesimally thin, solid discs, where the radius differs from 0 to r (or a single stack, where the radius differs from -r to r). Also, it can be taken to be made up of infinitesimally thin, hollow spheres, where the radius differs from 0 to | |

Sphere (shell) of radius r_{2}, with centered spherical cavity of radius r_{1} and mass m | ^{[1]} | When the cavity radius r_{1} = 0, the object is a solid ball (above). When | |

Right circular cone with radius r, height h and mass m | ^{[3]}^{[3]} | — | |

Torus of tube radius a, cross-sectional radius b and mass m. | About a diameter: ^{[4]}About the vertical axis: | — | |

Ellipsoid (solid) of semiaxes a, b, and c with axis of rotation a and mass m | — | ||

Thin rectangular plate of height h and of width w and mass m(Axis of rotation at the end of the plate) | — | ||

Thin rectangular plate of height h and of width w and mass m | ^{[1]} | — | |

Solid cuboid of height h, width w, and depth d, and mass m | For a similarly oriented cube with sides of length , . | ||

Solid cuboid of height D, width W, and length L, and mass m with the longest diagonal as the axis. | For a cube with sides , . | ||

Plane polygon with vertices , , , ..., and mass uniformly distributed on its interior, rotating about an axis perpendicular to the plane and passing through the origin. | This expression assumes that the polygon is star-shaped. The vectors , , , ..., are position vectors of the vertices. | ||

Infinite disk with mass normally distributed on two axes around the axis of rotation (i.e. Where : is the mass-density as a function of x and y). | — |

- Moment of inertia
- Parallel axis theorem
- Perpendicular axis theorem
- List of area moments of inertia
- List of moment of inertia tensors

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^{a}^{b}^{c}^{d}^{e}^{f}^{g}^{h}^{i}Raymond A. Serway (1986).*Physics for Scientists and Engineers, second ed*. Saunders College Publishing. p. 202. ISBN 0-03-004534-7. **^**Classical Mechanics - Moment of inertia of a uniform hollow cylinder. LivePhysics.com. Retrieved on 2008-01-31.- ^
^{a}^{b}Ferdinand P. Beer and E. Russell Johnston, Jr (1984).*Vector Mechanics for Engineers, fourth ed*. McGraw-Hill. p. 911. ISBN 0-07-004389-2. - ^
^{a}^{b}Eric W. Weisstein. "Moment of Inertia — Ring". Wolfram Research. Retrieved 2010-03-25.