List of metro systems

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A metro system is a rapid transit train system. In some cases, metro systems are referred to as subways, U-Bahns or undergrounds. As of January 2014, 190 metro systems in 54 countries are listed. The earliest metro system, the London Underground, first opened as an "underground railway" in 1863,[1] and truly achieved metro status in 1890[citation needed] with the opening of its first electrified underground line.[1]

Considerations[edit]

The International Association of Public Transport (L’Union Internationale des Transports Publics, or UITP) defines metro systems as urban passenger transport systems, "operated on their own right of way and segregated from general road and pedestrian traffic."[2][3] The terms Heavy rail (mainly in North America) and heavy urban rail are essentially synonymous with the term "metro".[4][5][6] Heavy rail systems are also specifically defined as an "electric railway".[4][5]

The dividing line between metro and other modes of public transport, such as light rail[4][5] and commuter rail,[4][5] is not always clear, and while UITP only makes distinctions between "metros" and "light rail",[2] the U.S.'s APTA and FTA distinguish all three modes.[4][5] A common way to distinguish metro from light rail is by their separation from other traffic. While light rail systems may share roads or have level crossings, a metro system runs, almost always, on a grade-separated exclusive right-of-way, with no access for pedestrians and other traffic. And in contrast to commuter rail or light rail, metro systems are primarily used for transport within a city, and have higher service frequencies and substantially higher passenger volume capacities. Furthermore, most metro systems do not share tracks with freight trains or inter-city rail services. It is however not relevant whether the system runs on steel wheels or rubber tyres, or if the power supply is from a third rail or Overhead line.

The name of the system is not a criterion for inclusion or exclusion. Some cities use metro as a brand name for a transit line with no component of rapid transit whatsoever. Similarly, there are systems branded light rail that meet every criterion for being a rapid transit system. Some systems also incorporate light metro or light rail lines as part of the larger system under a common name. These are listed, but the light rail lines are not counted in the provided network data. Certain transit networks match the technical level and service standards of metro systems, but reach far out of the city and are sometimes known as suburban, regional or commuter rail. These are not included. Neither are funicular systems, or people movers, such as amusement park, ski resort and airport transport systems.

This list counts metros separately when multiple metros in one city or metropolitan area have separate owners or operating companies. This list expressly does not aim at representing the size and scope of the total rapid transit network of a certain city or metropolitan area. The data of this list should not be used to infer the size of a city’s, region’s, or country’s rapid transit systems, or to establish a ranking. Doing so would in many cases lead to a gross misrepresentation.

Legend[edit]

Countries with metro systems
The locations of all the world's metro systems
Location
Primary city served by the metro system.
Country
Country (i.e. independent nation or sovereign state) in which the metro system is located.
Name
The most common English name of the system (and the connecting Wiki page for that system).
Year opened
The year the system was opened for commercial service at metro standards. In other words, parts of the system may be older, but as parts of a former light rail or commuter rail network, so the year that the system obtained metro standards (e.g. electrified) is the one listed.
Stations
The number of stations in the network, as quoted by the system's operating company.
System length
The system length of a metro network is the sum of the lengths of all routes in the rail network in kilometers (or miles). Each route is counted only once, regardless of how many lines pass over it, and regardless of whether it is single-track or multi-track, single carriageway or dual carriageway.

List[edit]

This list is sortable. Click on the Sort both.gif icon in the column header to change sort key and sort order.

LocationCountryNameYear openedStationsSystem lengthYear of last extension
Algiers Algeria Algiers Metro2011[7]10[7]9.2 km (5.7 mi)[7]2011[7][8]
Buenos Aires ArgentinaBuenos Aires Underground191368[9][note 1]47.1 km (29.3 mi)[9]2013[note 2]
Yerevan ArmeniaYerevan Metro1981[10]10[10]13.4 km (8.3 mi)[10]1996[11]
Vienna AustriaVienna U-Bahn[12]1976[13][14]104[15]80 km (50 mi)[15]2013[15][note 3]
Baku AzerbaijanBaku Metro1967[16]23[16]34.6 km (21.5 mi)[16]2011[note 4]
Minsk Belarus Minsk Metro1984[17]28[17]35.4 km (22.0 mi)[17]2012[17][note 5]
Brussels BelgiumBrussels Metro1976[18]59[note 6]39.9 km (24.8 mi)[19]2009[note 7]
Belo Horizonte BrazilBelo Horizonte Metro1986[20]19[21]28.1 km (17.5 mi)[22]2002[20]
Brasília BrazilBrasília Metro2001[23]24[24]42.4 km (26.3 mi)[24]2010[23]
Fortaleza BrazilFortaleza Metro201228[25]43 km (27 mi)[25]2012
Porto Alegre BrazilPorto Alegre Metro19852243.4 km (27.0 mi)2000
Recife BrazilRecife Metro19853044.2 km (27.5 mi)2009
Rio de Janeiro BrazilRio de Janeiro Metro1979[26]35[27]41 km (25 mi)[27]2010[26]
São Paulo BrazilSão Paulo Metro1974[28]64[28]74.2 km (46.1 mi)[28]2011[28][note 8]
Teresina BrazilTeresina Metro1989914.5 km (9.0 mi)1989
Sofia BulgariaSofia Metro1998[29]27[29]31.0 km (19.3 mi)[29]2012[29]
Montreal Canada Montreal Metro196668[30]69.2 km (43.0 mi)2007[note 9]
Toronto CanadaToronto subway and RT[31]1954[32]69[32]68.3 km (42.4 mi)[32]2002[32][note 10]
Vancouver CanadaSkyTrain1985[33]47[34]68.6 km (42.6 mi)[34]2009[note 11]
Santiago ChileSantiago Metro1975[35]108[36]103 km (64 mi)[36]2011
Valparaíso ChileValparaíso Metro2005[37]20[38]43 km (27 mi)[38]2005
Beijing ChinaBeijing Subway[39][40]1981[note 12]232[41][42][note 13]456 km (283 mi)[41]2013[41]
Chengdu ChinaChengdu Metro20104349.7 km (30.9 mi)2013[43]
Chongqing ChinaChongqing Rail Transit200592168 km (104 mi)[44]2013[45]
Dalian ChinaDalian Metro[46]200326103.8 km (64.5 mi)2013[46]
Foshan ChinaFMetro[note 14]20101420.4 km (12.7 mi)2010
Guangzhou ChinaGuangzhou Metro1997130[47][note 15]240 km (150 mi)[48]2013[49]
Harbin ChinaHarbin Metro201318[50][51]17.5 km (10.9 mi)[50][51]2013[50][51]
Hangzhou ChinaHangzhou Metro[52]20123148.0 km (29.8 mi)2012[53][note 16]
Hong Kong ( Hong Kong) ChinaMTR1979[54][note 17]84[54]174.4 km (108.4 mi)[54]2009[note 18]
Kunming ChinaKunming Rail Transit20121440.1 km (24.9 mi)2013[55][note 19]
Nanjing ChinaNanjing Metro[56]20055587.0 km (54.1 mi)2010[56][note 20]
Shanghai ChinaShanghai Metro[note 21]1993263[57][58][note 22]538 km (334 mi)[59]2013[59]
Shenyang ChinaShenyang Metro20104355.1 km (34.2 mi)2013[60]
Shenzhen ChinaShenzhen Metro2004131178.4 km (110.9 mi)2011[61]
Suzhou ChinaSuzhou Rail Transit20124652.3 km (32.5 mi)2013[62][note 23]
Tianjin ChinaTianjin Metro198486135 km (84 mi)2013[63]
Wuhan ChinaWuhan Metro20046173.3 km (45.5 mi)2013[64]
Xi'an ChinaXi'an Metro20113645.9 km (28.5 mi)2013[65][note 24]
Zhengzhou ChinaZhengzhou Metro20132026.3 km (16.3 mi)2013[66]
Medellín ColombiaMedellín Metro1995[67]27[68]28.8 km (17.9 mi)[68]2012[note 25]
Prague Czech RepublicPrague Metro1974[69]57[70]59.4 km (36.9 mi)[70]2008[note 26]
Copenhagen  DenmarkCopenhagen Metro20022220.5 km (12.7 mi)2007
S-train[71][72][73][74]193485170 km (110 mi)2007
Santo Domingo Dominican RepublicSanto Domingo Metro200930[75][76]27.4 km (17.0 mi)[75][76]2013[76]
Cairo Egypt Cairo Metro[77]19875770.2 km (43.6 mi)2012[note 27]
Helsinki Finland Helsinki Metro1982[78]17[79]21.1 km (13.1 mi)[79]2007[78]
Lille FranceLille Metro1983[80]60[81]45 km (28 mi)[81]2000[80]
Lyon FranceLyon Metro1978[82]39[82]30.3 km (18.8 mi)[82]2013[82][note 28]
Marseille FranceMarseille Metro197728[83]21.5 km (13.4 mi)[83]2010
Paris FranceParis Métro1900[84]303[85]214 km (133 mi)[84]2013
Rennes FranceRennes Metro2002159.4 km (5.8 mi)2002
Toulouse FranceToulouse Metro1993[86]37[86]28.2 km (17.5 mi)[86]2007[86][note 29]
Tbilisi Georgia Tbilisi Metro1966[87]22[88]27.1 km (16.8 mi)[88]2000[89]
Berlin GermanyBerlin U-Bahn1902170[90]151.7 km (94.3 mi)[90]2009
Berlin S-Bahn1924[91]166[91]332 km (206 mi)[91]2007
Frankfurt GermanyFrankfurt U-Bahn[note 30]1968[92]86[93]64.9 km (40.3 mi)[93]2010[92][note 31]
Hamburg GermanyHamburg U-Bahn1912[94]91[95]104 km (65 mi)[95]2012[note 32]
Hamburg S-Bahn1907[96]68[97]147 km (91 mi)[97]2008[note 33]
Munich GermanyMunich U-Bahn1971[98]96[98][note 34]95 km (59 mi)[98]2010[note 35]
Nuremberg GermanyNuremberg U-Bahn197246[99]35 km (22 mi)[99]2011[note 36]
Athens GreeceAthens Metro[note 37]1904[100][note 38]6083.3 km (51.8 mi)2013[note 39]
Budapest HungaryBudapest Metro18965238.2 km (23.7 mi)[101][102]2014[102]
Bangalore India Namma Metro20111616.7 km (10.4 mi)2014[103]
Chennai India Chennai MRTS19951719.3 km (12.0 mi)2007[104]
Delhi IndiaDelhi Metro2002[105]141[106][note 40]190.0 km (118.1 mi)[107]2011
Gurgaon IndiaRapid MetroRail Gurgaon201365.1 km (3.2 mi)2013
Kolkata IndiaKolkata Metro19842428.1 km (17.5 mi)2013
Mashhad IranMashhad Urban Railway2011[108]2219 km (12 mi)2011
Tehran IranTehran Metro[note 41]19996374.5 km (46.3 mi)2010
Brescia ItalyBrescia Metro2013[109]17[110]13.7 km (8.5 mi)[110]2013
Catania ItalyCatania Metro199963.8 km (2.4 mi)1999
Genoa ItalyGenoa Metro1990[111]8[111]7.0 km (4.3 mi)[111]2012[111]
Milan ItalyMilan Metro[112]1964[112]103[112]94.5 km (58.7 mi)[112]2014[112]
Naples ItalyNaples Metro[note 42]1993[113]20[114][115]17.6 km (10.9 mi)[114][115]2013[113][note 43]
Rome ItalyRome Metro[116]19555240.4 km (25.1 mi)2012
Turin ItalyTurin Metro20062113.2 km (8.2 mi)2011
Fukuoka Japan[note 44] Fukuoka City Subway19813529.8 km (18.5 mi)2005
Hiroshima Japan[note 44]Astram Line19942118.4 km (11.4 mi)1994
Kobe Japan[note 44]Kōbe Rapid Transit Railway1968107.6 km (4.7 mi)2001
Kobe Municipal Subway19772530.6 km (19.0 mi)2001
Kyoto Japan[note 44]Kyoto Municipal Subway19812928.8 km (17.9 mi)2008
Nagoya Japan[note 44]Nagoya Municipal Subway19578389.1 km (55.4 mi)2011
Osaka Japan[note 44]Osaka Municipal Subway1933101137.8 km (85.6 mi)2006
Sapporo Japan[note 44]Sapporo Municipal Subway19714648 km (30 mi)1999
Sendai Japan[note 44]Sendai Subway19871714.8 km (9.2 mi)1987
Tokyo Japan[note 44]Toei Subway1960106121.5 km (75.5 mi)2000
Rinkai Line1996812.2 km (7.6 mi)2002
Tokyo Metro1927179195.1 km (121.2 mi)2008
Yamanote Line19882934.5 km (21.4 mi)1988
Yokohama Japan[note 44]Yokohama Municipal Subway19723240.4 km (25.1 mi)2002
Minatomirai Line200464.1 km (2.5 mi)2008
Almaty Kazakhstan Almaty Metro201178.5 km (5.3 mi)2011
Pyongyang  North KoreaPyongyang Metro19731722 km (14 mi)1987[note 45]
Busan  South KoreaBusan Metro1985128130.2 km (80.9 mi)2011[note 46]
Daegu  South KoreaDaegu Metro19975957.3 km (35.6 mi)2012[note 47]
Daejeon  South KoreaDaejeon Metro20062222.7 km (14.1 mi)2007[note 48]
Gwangju  South KoreaGwangju Metro20042020.1 km (12.5 mi)2008[note 49]
Incheon  South KoreaIncheon Subway19992929.4 km (18.3 mi)2009
Seoul Metropolitan Area  South KoreaSeoul Subway (Lines 1-9)1974[117]296327.0 km (203.2 mi)[117]2012[117][note 50]
AREX20071061.0 km (37.9 mi)2007
Korail: Bundang Line & Suin Line19944566.0 km (41.0 mi)2013
Shinbundang Line (NeoTrans)2011617.3 km (10.7 mi)2011
Total[note 51]1974-2011357471.3 km (292.9 mi)2013
Kuala Lumpur Malaysia Rapid Rail19964856 km (35 mi)2003
Mexico City MexicoMexico City Metro1969[118]195[119][note 52]226.5 km (140.7 mi)[119]2012[note 53]
Amsterdam Netherlands Amsterdam Metro[120][note 54]19773332.7 km (20.3 mi)2005
Rotterdam NetherlandsRotterdam Metro19686278.3 km (48.7 mi)2010
Oslo NorwayOslo Metro[note 30]1966[note 55]10584.2 km (52.3 mi)2006[note 56]
Lima Peru Lima Metro20112634 km (21 mi)2014[note 57]
Manila PhilippinesManila Light Rail Transit System19843134.5 km (21.4 mi)2010
Manila Metro Rail Transit System19991317 km (11 mi)2000
Warsaw PolandWarsaw Metro199521[121]22.7 km (14.1 mi)[121]2008
Lisbon PortugalLisbon Metro[122][123]19595545.5 km (28.3 mi)2012[note 58]
Bucharest Romania Bucharest Metro[124]19795169.3 km (43.1 mi)2011[note 59]
Kazan RussiaKazan Metro[125]200510[126]15.8 km (9.8 mi)[126]2013[127]
Moscow RussiaMoscow Metro[128][129]1935194[129]325.4 km (202.2 mi)[129]2014[130]
Nizhny Novgorod RussiaNizhny Novgorod Metro198514[126]18.8 km (11.7 mi)[126]2012[131]
Novosibirsk RussiaNovosibirsk Metro198613[126]15.9 km (9.9 mi)[126]2010[132]
Saint Petersburg RussiaSaint Petersburg Metro195567[126]113.2 km (70.3 mi)[126]2012[133]
Samara RussiaSamara Metro19879[126]10.3 km (6.4 mi)[126]2007[134]
Yekaterinburg RussiaYekaterinburg Metro19919[126]12.7 km (7.9 mi)[126]2012[135]
Mecca Saudi Arabia Mecca Metro2010918.1 km (11.2 mi)2010
Singapore SingaporeMass Rapid Transit[136]1987106148.7 km (92.4 mi)2013[note 60]
Barcelona SpainBarcelona Metro[137]1924163123.7 km (76.9 mi)2011
Bilbao SpainMetro Bilbao19954043.3 km (26.9 mi)2011
Madrid SpainMadrid Metro[note 61]1919[138]300[139]293 km (182 mi)[139]2010[139]
Palma de Mallorca SpainPalma Metro20071515.5 km (9.6 mi)2007
San Sebastián/Donostialdea SpainMetro Donostialdea2012[note 62]2028.9 km (18.0 mi)2012
Seville SpainSeville Metro20092218.2 km (11.3 mi)2009
Stockholm SwedenStockholm Metro[140]1950100105.7 km (65.7 mi)1994[note 63]
Lausanne   SwitzerlandLausanne Metro[141][note 64]2008146 km (3.7 mi)2008
Taipei Taiwan Taipei Metro1996103[142]121.3 km (75.4 mi)[142]2013
Kaohsiung TaiwanKaohsiung Mass Rapid Transit20083742.7 km (26.5 mi)2012
Bangkok ThailandBangkok Mass Transit System[143]19993431 km (19 mi)2013
Metropolitan Rapid Transit20041821 km (13 mi)2004
Airport Rail Link2010828.6 km (17.8 mi)2010
Adana TurkeyAdana Metro20101313.5 km (8.4 mi)2010
Ankara TurkeyAnkara Metro19974555.7 km (34.6 mi)2014
Bursa TurkeyBursaray20023131 km (19 mi)2011
Istanbul TurkeyIstanbul Metro[144]200068141 km (88 mi)2013
İzmir Turkeyİzmir Metro20001416.1 km (10.0 mi)2013
Dnipropetrovsk Ukraine Dnipropetrovsk Metro199567.1 km (4.4 mi)1995
Kharkiv UkraineKharkiv Metro19752939.6 km (24.6 mi)2010
Kiev UkraineKiev Metro19605267.6 km (42.0 mi)2013
Dubai United Arab EmiratesDubai Metro20094774.6 km (46.4 mi)2012[note 65]
Glasgow United KingdomGlasgow Subway1896[145]15[145]10.4 km (6.5 mi)[145]1896
London United KingdomLondon Underground[146]1890[1][note 66]270[147]402 km (250 mi)[147]2008[1][note 67]
Docklands Light Railway1987[148]4534 km (21 mi)[148]2011
Newcastle upon Tyne/
City of Sunderland
 United KingdomTyne and Wear Metro1980[149]60[149]74.5 km (46.3 mi)[149]2002[149]
Atlanta United StatesMARTA1979[150]38[151]77 km (48 mi)[151]2000[150]
Baltimore United StatesBaltimore Metro Subway198314[152]24.9 km (15.5 mi)[152]1995
Boston United StatesMassachusetts Bay Transportation Authority[note 68]1901[153][154]51[155]61 km (38 mi)[155]1985
Chicago United StatesChicago 'L'1897[156][note 69]145[157]165.4 km (102.8 mi)[157][note 70]1993[157]
Cleveland United StatesRTA Rapid Transit: Red Line1955[158]18[159]31 km (19 mi)[159]1968[158]
Los Angeles United StatesMetro Rail[note 71]1993[160]16[160]28.0 km (17.4 mi)[160]2000[160][note 72]
Miami United StatesMetrorail1984[161]23[162]40.1 km (24.9 mi)[162]2012
New York City
/New York metropolitan area
 United StatesNew York City Subway1904[163][note 73]421[164][note 74]373 km (232 mi)[165]2013[note 75]
Staten Island Railway1925[note 76]22[166]22.5 km (14.0 mi)[165]1925
Port Authority Trans-Hudson1908[167]13[168]22.2 km (13.8 mi)[169]1910
Philadelphia/New Jersey United StatesSEPTA[170][note 77]190774[171]59.1 km (36.7 mi)[171][172]1973
PATCO Speedline1936[173]13[173]22.9 km (14.2 mi)[173]1969
San Francisco Bay Area United StatesBay Area Rapid Transit1972[174]44[174]167 km (104 mi)[174]2003
San Juan ( Puerto Rico) United StatesTren Urbano20041617.2 km (10.7 mi)2005
Washington, D.C. United StatesWashington Metro1976[175]86[175]171.1 km (106.3 mi)[176]2004[176]
Tashkent UzbekistanTashkent Metro19772936.2 km (22.5 mi)2001[note 78]
Caracas Venezuela Caracas Metro19834852.4 km (32.6 mi)2010[177]
Los Teques VenezuelaLos Teques Metro2006310.2 km (6.3 mi)2012
Maracaibo VenezuelaMaracaibo Metro200666.5 km (4.0 mi)2009

Metro systems under construction[edit]

The following is an incomplete list of worldwide metro systems currently under construction:

LocationCountryNameStart of constructionPlanned opening
Salvador BrazilSalvador Metro20002014
Changchun ChinaChangchun Rail Transit20112014
Changsha ChinaChangsha Metro20092014
Dongguan ChinaDongguan Rail Transit20102015
Fuzhou ChinaFuzhou Metro20122015
Hefei ChinaHefei Metro20092016
Lanzhou ChinaLanzhou Metro20122016[178]
Macau ( Macau) ChinaMacau Light Rail Transit20122015
Nanchang ChinaNanchang Metro20092015
Ningbo ChinaNingbo Rail Transit20092014
Qingdao ChinaQingdao Metro20092014
Shijiazhuang ChinaShijiazhuang Metro20122017
Wuxi ChinaWuxi Metro20092014
Quito EcuadorQuito Metro20122016
Thessaloniki GreeceThessaloniki Metro2006[179]2016
Chennai IndiaChennai Metro20102014
Hyderabad IndiaHyderabad Metro Rail20122015
Jaipur IndiaJaipur Metro20102014
Kochi IndiaKochi Metro20132016
Mumbai IndiaMumbai Metro20082014
Navi Mumbai IndiaNavi Mumbai Metro20112016
Jakarta IndonesiaJakarta Mass Rapid Transit20132018
Ahvaz IranTransportation in Ahvaz20042014
Isfahan IranIsfahan Metro[180][181]20012014
Qom IranQom Metro[182][183]20102015
Shiraz IranShiraz Metro20012014
Tabriz IranTabriz Metro[181][184][185]20032015
Panama City PanamaPanama Metro20102014
Doha QatarDoha Metro20132019
Chelyabinsk RussiaChelyabinsk Metro19882019
Omsk RussiaOmsk Metro19922016
Riyadh Saudi ArabiaRiyadh Metro20142019
Taichung TaiwanTaichung Mass Rail Transit System20092017
Taoyuan TaiwanTaoyuan Metro20062014
Abu Dhabi United Arab EmiratesAbu Dhabi Metro20132017
Hanoi VietnamHanoi Metro20092020
Ho Chi Minh City VietnamHo Chi Minh City Metro20082020
Guarenas / Guatire VenezuelaGuarenas / Guatire Metro20072016

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ There are 78 stations according to official source. But there are 68 stations when counting transfer stations as one.
  2. ^ Line H of Buenos Aires Metro had last expansion in 2013.
  3. ^ Line U2 was extended to Aspern Seestadt in 2013.
  4. ^ Latest restoration of old line in 2011
  5. ^ The Moskovskaya Line expanded in 2012
  6. ^ Not including stations of premetro Lines T3, T4, and T7.
  7. ^ Line 2's loop was completed in 2009
  8. ^ Most recent expansion of Line 4. Other extensions projected to become operational in 2014.
  9. ^ See Orange Line (Montreal Metro)
  10. ^ See Sheppard line
  11. ^ See Canada Line
  12. ^ Opened for full public revenue service in 1981. Accepting visitors since 1969; operational on a limited basis since 1971 – between 1971 and 1981 members of the public had to present a permit or a credentialed letter to ride the subway.
  13. ^ In 2012, Beijing Subway has 217 stations. However, this is subject to change due to the large number of stations being built in Beijing, and more recent construction has made this number erroneous. As of December 28, 2013, the number of unique stations in operation is 232. The unique station count treats the multiple platforms of a station complex as one station. If each station complex's platforms are counted as separate stations, then the total number of stations in operation as of February 15, 2014 would be 262. The unique station count of 232 excludes: the Erligou Station on Line 6, the Andelibeijie and National Art Museum Stations on Line 8, the Wangjing East Station on Line 15 and the Yizhuang Railway Station on the Yizhuang Line, which were not in use as of December 28, 2013. Also excluded are the three restricted stations of Line 1, which are no longer used. The total station count of 262 excludes the stations listed above and treats the Gongyixiqiao Station as two stations, as the southern terminus for Line 4 and northern terminus for the Daxing Line, even though through-train service have effectively transformed the two lines into a single line for which the Gongyixiqiao Station is not a terminus but a single station.
  14. ^ 1st line of FMetro serves two cities - Foshan and Guangzhou
  15. ^ The number excludes the stations and lengths on the Guangfo Metro/Guangfo Line, which is part of the FMetro in Foshan.
  16. ^ Hangzhou Metro's Line 1.
  17. ^ The East Rail Line that began metro service in 1979 overlapped with a conventional railway that had operated since 1910.
  18. ^ Tseung Kwan O and West Rail lines.
  19. ^ Kunming's Line 1.
  20. ^ Nanjing South Railway Station.
  21. ^ This figure excludes Maglev line and Jinshan Railway, both often included in Shanghai Metro maps but not considered part of the system.
  22. ^ As of October 2013:
    • If interchange stations are counted as a single station, there are 263 stations.
    • If interchange stations are counted as multiple stations, there are 312 stations.
    • If interchange stations are counter as multiple stations, but shared tracks/platforms on Lines 3 and 4 are counted as a single station, there are 303 stations.
  23. ^ Opening of Suzhou's Line 2.
  24. ^ Xi'an Metro's Line 1.
  25. ^ Extension of Line A from Itagüí south to La Estrella.
  26. ^ Line C was last extended in 2008.
  27. ^ Line 3's first section opened 2012
  28. ^ Extension of Lyon Metro's Line B to Oullins Gare station.
  29. ^ Opening of Toulouse Metro's Line B.
  30. ^ a b These systems have similarities to light rail systems, because of existence of road level crossings, but are listed since there are almost entirely separated from roads.
  31. ^ Opening of Riedberg stretch of the U8 and U9 lines.
  32. ^ Opening of Line U4.
  33. ^ Extension of Line S1 to the airport.
  34. ^ The official source states there are 100 stations in Munich U-Bahn system, but notes that four connecting/transfer stations have been counted twice; thus, there are 96 stations counting all stations once.
  35. ^ The U3 extension from Olympia-Einkaufszentrum (OEZ) to Moosach.
  36. ^ The U3 extension from Maxfeld to Friedrich-Ebert-Platz.
  37. ^ The blue line also has a 21.2 km section (with 4 stations) to the airport that is owned by the Hellenic Railways Organisation and is mainly used by the suburban railway system.
    "Operation". Attiko Metro S.A. Retrieved 2008-12-28. 
    Schwandl, Robert. "Athens Metro". UrbanRail.net. Retrieved 2008-12-28. 
  38. ^ The green line, operated until 2011 by Athens-Piraeus Electric Railways, was opened in 1869 as a steam train railway line. It was electrified in 1904, extended with underground sections through the city in 1948, and extended to its full length to Kifissia in 1957 using the right-of-way of a former metre gauge suburban line. Full metro operation since 1904 between Piraeus and Athens and 1957 to Kifissia. In 2011, it was integrated with Athens Metro under the company STASY S.A.
    "Information on Line 1 - Technical Data". ISAP. Retrieved 2008-12-28. 
  39. ^ Line 3 extended west to Agia Marina from 14 December 2013.
  40. ^ The Delhi Metro's six lines serve 135 stations, while there are six stations on the Delhi Airport Metro Express line – for a total of 141 stations, as of September 2013.
  41. ^ The 41.5 km (25.8 mi) Line 5 of the Tehran Metro is a commuter rail line, and so is not included in the statistics here - only Lines 1-4 are.
  42. ^ Naples Metro is made up of Line 1 and Line 6 only. Line 2 is a commuter rail line.
  43. ^ Opening of Toledo station on Line 1 of Naples Metro.
  44. ^ a b c d e f g h i j In general, the majority of urban rail service in Japanese metropolitan areas is provided by systems not included in this list. For a complete list of urban rail systems in Japan, see List of urban rail systems in Japan.
  45. ^ Yŏnggwang and Puhŭng opened in 1987
  46. ^ Line 4 and Busan-Gimhae Light Rail Transit opened in 2011
  47. ^ Daegu Subway Line 2 extension opened in 2012.
  48. ^ Second phase of line 1
  49. ^ Line 1 fully opened
  50. ^ Seoul Subway Line 7 extension opened in October 2012.
  51. ^ This row is temporary, and is a purely arithmetical total for inclusion in a later 'Note' for these systems.
  52. ^ There are 147 stations on the network map, counting transfer stations as one. The sum of the number of the stations for all lines is 195.
  53. ^ Line 12 opened 2012.
  54. ^ Line 50, 53, and 54 are rapid transit. Numbers exclude the Amstelveen Line (Line 51) which is light rail.
  55. ^ The first underground portion was opened in 1928, but that was a tram line. One surface line has origins from 1898. System opened as a full Metro in 1966.
  56. ^ Opening of the completed Ring line in 2006.
  57. ^ http://www.larepublica.pe/16-03-2014/metro-de-lima-obras-del-segundo-tramo-de-la-linea-1-culminaran-el-30-de-abril
  58. ^ The Red Line was expanded in 2012
  59. ^ Line M4 completed in 2011
  60. ^ The Downtown MRT Line Stage 1 was opened in 2013
  61. ^ Including MetroSur and other suburban lines, but not the three Metro Ligero de Madrid lines which are light rail.
  62. ^ Converted in 2012 from commuter line originally opened in 1912
  63. ^ Skarpnäck metro station opened in 1994
  64. ^ The Lausanne Metro has two lines. Line 1 is light rail, line 2 is rapid transit. Stats are for line 2 only.
  65. ^ The Red Line was completed in 2012.
  66. ^ London's Metropolitan Railway first opened for service in 1863, operating steam locomotive trains in cut and cover tunnels. It began operating as a modern metro when electric-propulsion trains began operating on the system's first deep-level tube line in 1890.
  67. ^ When the Heathrow Terminal 5 station was opened.
  68. ^ The Red, Orange, and Blue lines of the subway are rapid transit. The originally-elevated Orange Line opened in 1901, sharing the Tremont Street Subway that opened in 1897 as an underground streetcar tunnel (for the light rail Green Line).
  69. ^ Dated from the opening of "The Loop", when the system became unified and electrified.
  70. ^ This figure comes from the sum of the following figures from the accompanying reference (i.e. "Facts at a Glance". Chicago Transit Authority. December 2012. Retrieved 2013-07-21. ): 35.8 miles of elevated route, 35.0 miles at grade level, 20.6 miles on embankments, and 11.4 miles of subway.
  71. ^ Rapid transit portion of L.A. Metro Rail only: Red and Purple lines. All other L.A. Metro Rail lines are Light rail, and are not included here.
  72. ^ This was the date of the last extension to the Red Line in the rapid transit portion of Los Angeles' Metro Rail.
  73. ^ First regular elevated railway service, originally cable hauled, began in 1868. Elevateds converted to steam power in 1870, electrified by 1903. The first section of electrified subway opened in 1904.
  74. ^ The total number of stations is 468, but with transfer stations counted only once, the number is 421 (including the temporarily closed Cortlandt Street – World Trade Center station.
  75. ^ On April 4, 2013, the 1 service was extended south to the South Ferry loops to replace service to South Ferry – Whitehall Street, which was damaged in Hurricane Sandy. This is not a permanent extension, nor is this new construction.
  76. ^ While the line opened as a railroad in 1860, it was not until 1925 that rapid transit equipment would be operated here.
  77. ^ Includes SEPTA's rapid transit lines only: Broad Street Line (Orange Line), Market–Frankford Line (Blue Line) and Norristown High Speed Line.
  78. ^ The Yunusobod Line was opened in 2001

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Milestones - Transport for London". Transport for London. Retrieved 2014-03-09. 
  2. ^ a b "Recommended basic reference for developing a minimum set of standards for voluntary use in the field of urban rail, according to mandate M/486". UITP (L’Union internationale des transports publics/International Association of Public Transport). 2011. Retrieved 2014-02-15. 
  3. ^ Schwandl, Robert (2007). "What is a metro?". UrbanRail.Net. Retrieved 2008-01-14. 
  4. ^ a b c d e "Fact Book Glossary - Mode of Service Definitions". American Public Transportation Association. 2013. Retrieved 2013-11-12. 
  5. ^ a b c d e "National Transit Database Glossary". U.S. Department of Transportation Federal Transit Administration. October 18, 2013. Retrieved 2013-11-12. 
  6. ^ "The demand for public transport: a practical guide" (pdf). Transport Research Laboratory. p. 6. Retrieved 2008-03-27. 
  7. ^ a b c d "Alger metro inaugurated". Railway Gazette. October 31, 2011. Retrieved 2013-09-14. 
  8. ^ Line 1, Schwandl, Robert. "Algiers - Al Jaza'ir". UrbanRail.Net. Retrieved 2013-01-09. 
  9. ^ a b "Metrovías en Números". Metrovias. Retrieved 2013-09-14. 
  10. ^ a b c "Yerevan authorities negotiating new metro line projects with banks". ArmeniaNow.com. March 27, 2013. Retrieved 2013-08-04. 
  11. ^ Charbakh, Schwandl, Robert. "Yerevan". UrbanRail.Net. Retrieved 8 January 2013. 
  12. ^ "Wiener Linien - Company Profile". Wiener Linien. Retrieved 2013-09-14. 
  13. ^ "The History of the Vienna Metro". Horst. 2009. Retrieved 2014-03-09. 
  14. ^ Schwandl, Robert. "Wien". UrbanRail.Net. Retrieved 2013-09-14. 
  15. ^ a b c "U2 auf verlängerter Strecke unterwegs" [U2 Route Extended] (in German). Wiener Linien. 5 October 2013. Retrieved 2014-04-05. 
  16. ^ a b c "Baku Metro - History". Bakı Metropoliteni. Retrieved 2013-09-16. 
  17. ^ a b c d "Структура Метрополитен" [Structure - Metro] (in Russian). государственное предприятие "Минсктранс". 2012. Retrieved 2013-09-16. 
  18. ^ "STIB - Historique de la STIB de 1970 à 1979" [STIB - History of STIB from 1970 to 1979] (in French). STIB. 2013. Retrieved 2013-09-15. 
  19. ^ "Activity Report 2011 - Figures & statistics '11" (pdf). STIB/MIVB. p. 08. Retrieved 2013-09-15. 
  20. ^ a b "Empresa - História" [Company - History] (in Portuguese). CBTU - METRÔ BH. Retrieved 2013-09-16. 
  21. ^ "Operação - Linha em operação" [Operations - Line in operation] (in Portuguese). CBTU - METRÔ BH. Retrieved 2013-09-16. 
  22. ^ "Operação - Dados operacionais" [Operations - Operational data] (in Portuguese). CBTU - METRÔ BH. Retrieved 2013-09-16. 
  23. ^ a b "Sobre o metro - Memória" (in Portuguese). Companhia do Metropolitano do Distrito Federal - Metrô. 2013. Retrieved 2013-09-16. 
  24. ^ a b "Sobre o metro - Estrutura" (in Portuguese). Companhia do Metropolitano do Distrito Federal - Metrô. 2013. Retrieved 2013-09-16. 
  25. ^ a b "Mapa das Linhas - Metrô de Fortaleza". Metrô de Fortaleza - METROFOR. Retrieved 2013-08-22. 
  26. ^ a b "DATA DE INAUGURAÇÃO DE CADA ESTAÇÃO" [DATE OF INAUGURATION OF EACH STATION] (in Portuguese). MetrôRio. Retrieved 2013-09-18. 
  27. ^ a b "METRÔ RIO - RELATÓRIO DE ADMINISTRAÇÃO EM 31 DE DEZEMBRO DE 2012" [METRÔ RIO - MANAGEMENT REPORT OF 31 DECEMBER 2012] (pdf) (in Portuguese). MetrôRio. December 31, 2012. Retrieved 2013-09-18. 
  28. ^ a b c d "Metrô - Home - The Company - About". Companhia Do Metropolitano De São Paulo. 2012. Retrieved 2013-09-18. 
  29. ^ a b c d "General Info about Sofia Metro". MetroSofia.com. 2013. Retrieved 2013-09-20. 
  30. ^ "Métro - Useful info - Networks - Métro". 2002. Retrieved 2013-09-01. 
  31. ^ "TTC - Subway/RT". Toronto Transit Commission. 2013. Retrieved 2013-09-01. 
  32. ^ a b c d "2012 - TTC Operating Statistics". Toronto Transit Commission. 2013. Retrieved 2013-07-26. 
  33. ^ "The Buzzer - 2011-01-14". TransLink. January 14, 2011. Retrieved 2013-07-23. 
  34. ^ a b "State of Good Repair". TransLink. March 2013. Retrieved 2013-07-23. 
  35. ^ "Corporativa - Historia - Historia de Metro" [Corporate - History - History of Metro] (in Spanish). Metro de Santiago. July 1, 2013. Retrieved 2013-09-18. 
  36. ^ a b "Guía del Viajero" [Plan Your Journey] (in Spanish). Metro de Santiago. Retrieved 2013-09-18. 
  37. ^ "Historia Metro Valparaíso - El servicio ferroviario del siglo XXI" [History Valparaíso Metro - The railway service of the 21st Century] (in Spanish). Metro Valparaíso. Retrieved 2013-09-20. 
  38. ^ a b "Red - Metro Valparaíso" [Network - Metro Valparaíso] (in Spanish). Metro Valparaíso. Retrieved 2013-09-20. 
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  40. ^ "北京地铁4条新线每日至少跑17小时" (in Chinese). Retrieved 2013-01-09. 
  41. ^ a b c "北京地铁10号线一圈57公里 创地下铁之最" (in Chinese). 北京日报. Retrieved 2013-05-06. 
  42. ^ BEIJING SUBWAY GUIDE
  43. ^ Schwandl, Robert. "Chengdu". UrbanRail.Net. Retrieved 2013-01-07. 
  44. ^ 四条轨道线路撑起主城交通大动脉
  45. ^ Schwandl, Robert. "Chongqing". UrbanRail.Net. Retrieved 2013-01-07. 
  46. ^ a b Schwandl, Robert. "Dalian". UrbanRail.Net. Retrieved 2013-01-07. 
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  48. ^ "Guangzhou Metro - Corporate Overview". Gzmtr.com. Retrieved 2013-09-21. 
  49. ^ Schwandl, Robert. "Guangzhou". UrbanRail.Net. Retrieved 2013-01-07. 
  50. ^ a b c IRJ: Trial operation starts on Harbin’s first metro line
  51. ^ a b c http://www.globaltimes.cn/content/814172.shtml Global Times: Metro line operational in China's Harbin
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  53. ^ Schwandl, Robert. "Hangzhou". UrbanRail.Net. Retrieved 2013-01-08. 
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  55. ^ Schwandl, Robert. "Kunming". UrbanRail.Net. Retrieved 2013-01-08. 
  56. ^ a b Schwandl, Robert. "Nanjing Metro". UrbanRail.Net. Retrieved 2013-01-08. 
  57. ^ 【12号线、16号线12月29日起载客试运营】
  58. ^ How many stations are there on the Shanghai Metro?
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  60. ^ 王晓婷 (December 30, 2011). "沈阳地铁二号线今日开通 市民可持试乘票免费乘车". 沈阳晚报 (in Chinese). Retrieved 2012-02-23. 
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  62. ^ Schwandl, Robert. "Suzhou". UrbanRail.Net. Retrieved 2013-01-09. 
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  64. ^ "今日10时武汉地铁2号线开通 武汉迈入地铁时代(图)" (in Chinese). Retrieved 2012-12-28. 
  65. ^ Schwandl, Robert. "Xi'an". UrbanRail.Net. Retrieved 2013-09-24. 
  66. ^ Schwandl, Robert. "Zhengzhou". UrbanRail.Net. Retrieved 2013-12-28. 
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  68. ^ a b "Nuestro Sistema - Metro" [Our System - Metro] (in Spanish). Metro de Medellín. 15 November 2013. Retrieved 2013-11-16. 
  69. ^ "History - Dopravní podnik hlavnívo města Prahy". Dopravní podnik hlavnívo města Prahy. Retrieved 2013-09-11. 
  70. ^ a b "Company Profile - Dopravní podnik hlavnívo města Prahy". Dopravní podnik hlavnívo města Prahy. Retrieved 2013-09-11. 
  71. ^ National owner of most Danish tracks, "Banedanmark" official website, http://www.bane.dk/db/filarkiv/6034/Bilag_03_2011.pdf Map of tracks and their classification (Little dictionary "Baneklasser"="Track Classification";Hovedbane"="Main tracks", "Regionalbane"="Regional tracks"; "S-bane"="S-Bahn (S-tracks);"Lokalbane"="Local tracks") Conclution "S-baner" is a classification of its own. Labeling inspiration "S" came from S-Bahn in Berlin and Hamburg
  72. ^ At http://byenspuls.dsb.dk/byens_puls/ByensPuls.html the exact location of each train can be followed, "Byens puls" means "Pulse of the City"
  73. ^ http://www.dsb.dk/global/pdf/koereplaner/s-tog/2013/dagk%C3%B8replan%20h%20og%20w%202013.pdf At the first page a schematic map of all rail systems in Greater Copenhagen is presented. This includes the Metro, regional trains and local trains, but only the S-tog are coloured line by line though. After follows time tables, with exception of the B+ line, the other six lines departures every ten minute (every 5 minute for the F-line) Note ! since there is the Copenhagen Metro, the S-tog will not be defined as "metro" in Denmark, however all conciderations are fulfilled. The common definition is "bybane" which means "City rail"
  74. ^ http://bybane.net/ confirms last ref. "Bybane.net - om bybaner i København" translates to English "City Rail.net - about City Rails in Copenhagen
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  81. ^ a b "Les chiffres clés" [Key figures] (in French). Transpole. Retrieved 2012-09-25. 
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  83. ^ a b "Fiche d’identité de l’Entreprise - LE METRO" [ID card of the company - THE METRO]. rtm.fr (in French). Retrieved 2013-09-28. 
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Bibliography[edit]

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]