List of metro systems

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The Shanghai Metro is the longest metro system by route length.
The Beijing Subway is the most-patronized metro system.
The New York City Subway has the most stations.
The London Underground is the oldest metro system.

A metro system is a rapid transit train system. In some cases, metro systems are referred to as subways, U-Bahns or undergrounds. As of April 2014, 168 metro systems in 55 countries are listed. The earliest metro system, the London Underground, first opened as an "underground railway" in 1863;[1] its first electrified underground line opened in 1890,[1] making the London Underground the world's first metro system.[2]

Considerations

The International Association of Public Transport (L’Union Internationale des Transports Publics, or UITP) defines metro systems as urban passenger transport systems, "operated on their own right of way and segregated from general road and pedestrian traffic".[3][4] The terms Heavy rail (mainly in North America) and heavy urban rail are essentially synonymous with the term "metro".[5][6][7] Heavy rail systems are also specifically defined as an "electric railway".[5][6]

The dividing line between metro and other modes of public transport, such as light rail[5][6] and commuter rail,[5][6] is not always clear, and while UITP only makes distinctions between "metros" and "light rail",[3] the U.S.'s APTA and FTA distinguish all three modes.[5][6] A common way to distinguish metro from light rail is by their separation from other traffic. While light rail systems may share roads or have level crossings, a metro system runs, almost always, on a grade-separated exclusive right-of-way, with no access for pedestrians and other traffic. And in contrast to commuter rail or light rail, metro systems are primarily used for transport within a city, and have higher service frequencies and substantially higher passenger volume capacities. Furthermore, most metro systems do not share tracks with freight trains or inter-city rail services. It is however not relevant whether the system runs on steel wheels or rubber tyres, or if the power supply is from a third rail or overhead line.

The name of the system is not a criterion for inclusion or exclusion. Some cities use metro as a brand name for a transit line with no component of rapid transit whatsoever. Similarly, there are systems branded light rail that meet every criterion for being a rapid transit system. Some systems also incorporate light metro or light rail lines as part of the larger system under a common name. These are listed, but the light rail lines are not counted in the provided network data. Certain transit networks match the technical level and service standards of metro systems, but reach far out of the city and are sometimes known as suburban, regional or commuter rail. These are not included. Neither are funicular systems, or people movers, such as amusement park, ski resort and airport transport systems.

This list counts metros separately when multiple metros in one city or metropolitan area have separate owners or operating companies. This list expressly does not aim at representing the size and scope of the total rapid transit network of a certain city or metropolitan area. The data of this list should not be used to infer the size of a city’s, region’s, or country’s rapid transit systems, or to establish a ranking. Doing so would in many cases lead to a gross misrepresentation.

Legend

The locations of all the world's metro systems
Countries with Metro Systems
City
Primary city served by the metro system.
Country
Sovereign state in which the metro system is located.
Name
The most common English name of the metro system (and the connecting Wiki page for that system).
Year opened
The year the metro system was opened for commercial service at metro standards. In other words, parts of the system may be older, but as parts of a former light rail or commuter rail network, so the year that the system obtained metro standards (e.g. electrified) is the one listed.
Year of last expansion
The last time the metro system was expanded in terms of the system length or number of stations.
Stations
The number of stations in the metro network, as quoted by the system's operating company.
System length
The system length of a metro network is the sum of the lengths of all routes in the rail network in kilometers (or miles). Each route is counted only once, regardless of how many lines pass over it, and regardless of whether it is single-track or multi-track, single carriageway or dual carriageway.
Ridership
The number of unique journeys on the metro system every year. Some metro systems count transferring between lines as multiple journeys, but others do not.

List

This list is sortable. Click on the Sort both.gif icon in the column header to change sort key and sort order.

CityCountryNameYear
opened
Year of last
expansion
StationsSystem lengthRidership
(millions)
Algiers Algeria Algiers Metro2011[8]2011[8][9]10[8]9.2 km (5.7 mi)[8]13 (FY2012)[R 1]
Buenos Aires ArgentinaBuenos Aires Underground19132013[note 1]83[10]51.6 km (32.1 mi)[10]310 (2011)[R 2][Note 1]
Yerevan ArmeniaYerevan Metro1981[11]1996[12]10[11]13.4 km (8.3 mi)[11]15.6 (2013)[R 3]
Vienna AustriaVienna U-Bahn[13]1976[14][15]2013[16][note 2]104[16]80 km (50 mi)[16]567.6 (2011)[R 4]
Baku AzerbaijanBaku Metro1967[17]2011[note 3]23[17]34.6 km (21.5 mi)[17]206.6 (2013)[R 3]
Minsk Belarus Minsk Metro1984[18]2014[18][note 4]29[18]37.3 km (23.2 mi)[18]328.3 (2013)[R 3][R 5]
Brussels BelgiumBrussels Metro1976[19]2009[note 5]59[note 6]39.9 km (24.8 mi)[20]138.3 (2013)[R 6]
Belo Horizonte BrazilBelo Horizonte Metro1986[21]2002[21]19[22]28.1 km (17.5 mi)[23]64.9 (2013)[R 7]
Brasília BrazilBrasília Metro2001[24]2010[24]24[25]42.4 km (26.3 mi)[25]54.75 (2013)[R 8]
Fortaleza BrazilFortaleza Metro[note 7]2012201218[26]24.0 km (14.9 mi)[26]n/a
Porto Alegre BrazilPorto Alegre Metro19852013[note 8]2243.4 km (27.0 mi)62 (2011)[R 9]
Recife BrazilRecife Metro1985[27]2009[27]28[28]39.5 km (24.5 mi)[28]79.6 (2012)[R 10]
Rio de Janeiro BrazilRio de Janeiro Metro1979[29]2014[30]35[31]41 km (25 mi)[31]401.5 (2012)[R 11]
Salvador BrazilSalvador Metro2014201457.3 km (4.5 mi)n/a
São Paulo BrazilSão Paulo Metro1974[32]2014[33][note 9]65[32]74.8 km (46.5 mi)[32]888.6 (2013)[R 12][Note 2]
Sofia BulgariaSofia Metro1998[34]2012[34]27[34]31.0 km (19.3 mi)[34]164.3 (2013)[R 13]
Montreal Canada Montreal Metro19662007[note 10]68[35]69.2 km (43.0 mi)356.1 (2013)[R 14][Note 3]
Toronto CanadaToronto rapid transit[36]1954[37]2002[37][note 11]69[37]68.3 km (42.4 mi)[37]309.5 (2013)[R 14][Note 3][Note 4]
Vancouver CanadaSkyTrain1985[38]2009[note 12]47[39]68.6 km (42.6 mi)[39]120.4 (2012)[R 15][Note 3]
Santiago ChileSantiago Metro1975[40]2011108[41]103 km (64 mi)[41]666.9 (2013)[R 16]
Beijing ChinaBeijing Subway[42][43]1971[note 13]2014[44]232[44][45][note 14]465 km (289 mi)[44]3209 (2013)[R 17]
Changsha ChinaChangsha Metro2014[46]2014[46]19[46]22.3 km (13.9 mi)[46]n/a
Chengdu ChinaChengdu Metro20102013[47]4349.7 km (30.9 mi)103 (2012)[R 18]
Chongqing ChinaChongqing Rail Transit20052013[48]92168 km (104 mi)[49]310 (2012)[R 19]
Dalian ChinaDalian Metro[50]20032013[50]26103.8 km (64.5 mi)43.8 (2011)[R 20]
Foshan ChinaFMetro[note 15]201020101420.4 km (12.7 mi)n/a[Note 5]
Guangzhou ChinaGuangzhou Metro19972013[51]130[52][note 16]240 km (150 mi)[53]2054 (2013)[R 21]
Harbin ChinaHarbin Metro20132013[54][55]18[54][55]17.5 km (10.9 mi)[54][55]n/a
Hangzhou ChinaHangzhou Metro[56]20122012[57][note 17]3148.0 km (29.8 mi)116.8 (2013)[R 22]
Hong Kong ChinaMTR1979[note 18]2009[note 19]82[58]174.7 km (108.6 mi)[58]1600 (2013)[R 23]
Kunming ChinaKunming Rail Transit20122013[59][note 20]1440.1 km (24.9 mi)n/a
Nanjing ChinaNanjing Metro[60]20052014[60][note 21]92179.45 km (111.51 mi)452 (2013)[R 24]
Ningbo ChinaNingbo Rail Transit[61]20142014[61]2020.9 km (13.0 mi)n/a
Shanghai ChinaShanghai Metro[note 22]19932013[62]263[63][64][note 23]538 km (334 mi)[62]2500 (2013)[R 25]
Shenyang ChinaShenyang Metro20102013[65]4355.1 km (34.2 mi)195.5(2012)[R 26]
Shenzhen ChinaShenzhen Metro20042011[66]131178.4 km (110.9 mi)914 (2013)[R 27]
Suzhou ChinaSuzhou Rail Transit20122013[67][note 24]4652.3 km (32.5 mi)25.4 (2012)[R 28]
Tianjin ChinaTianjin Metro19842013[68]86135 km (84 mi)111 (2012)[R 29]
Wuhan ChinaWuhan Metro20042013[69]6179.1 km (49.2 mi)277.4 (2013)[R 30]
Wuxi ChinaWuxi Metro2014[70]201424[70]29 km (18.0 mi)[70]n/a
Xi'an ChinaXi'an Metro20112013[71][note 25]3645.9 km (28.5 mi)59 (2012)[R 31]
Zhengzhou ChinaZhengzhou Metro20132013[72]2026.3 km (16.3 mi)n/a
Medellín ColombiaMedellín Metro1995[73]2012[note 26]27[74]28.8 km (17.9 mi)[74]165.4 (2012)[R 32]
Prague Czech RepublicPrague Metro1974[75]2008[note 27]57[76]59.4 km (36.9 mi)[76]589.2 (2012)[R 33]
Copenhagen  DenmarkCopenhagen Metro2002200722[77]20.4 km (12.7 mi)[77]54.3 (2011)[R 34][R 35]
Santo Domingo Dominican RepublicSanto Domingo Metro20092013[78]30[78][79]27.4 km (17.0 mi)[78][79]30.9 (2012)[R 36]
Cairo Egypt Cairo Metro[80]19872014[note 28]6177.9 km (48.4 mi)1504 (FY2014)[R 37]
Helsinki Finland Helsinki Metro1982[81]2007[81]17[82]21.1 km (13.1 mi)[82]62 (2013)[R 38]
Lille FranceLille Metro1983[83]2000[83]60[84]45 km (28 mi)[84]99 (2011)[R 39]
Lyon FranceLyon Metro1978[85]2013[85][note 29]39[85]30.3 km (18.8 mi)[85]270.1 (2012)[R 40]
Marseille FranceMarseille Metro1977201028[86]21.5 km (13.4 mi)[86]79.9 (2013)[R 41]
Paris FranceParis Métro1900[87]2013303[88]214 km (133 mi)[87]1527 (2013)[R 42][Note 6]
Rennes FranceRennes Metro20022002159.4 km (5.8 mi)47.5 (2011)[R 43]
Toulouse FranceToulouse Metro1993[89]2007[89][note 30]37[89]28.2 km (17.5 mi)[89]107 (2012)[R 44]
Tbilisi Georgia Tbilisi Metro1966[90]2000[91]22[92]27.1 km (16.8 mi)[92]96.2 (2013)[R 3]
Berlin GermanyBerlin U-Bahn19022009173[93]151.7 km (94.3 mi)[94]493.3 (2013)[R 45]
Hamburg GermanyHamburg U-Bahn1912[95]2012[note 31]91[96]104 km (65 mi)[96]209 (2012)[R 46]
Munich GermanyMunich U-Bahn1971[97]2010[note 32]96[97][note 33]95 km (59 mi)[97]378 (2012)[R 47]
Nuremberg GermanyNuremberg U-Bahn19722011[note 34]46[98]35 km (22 mi)[98]98.7 (2012)[R 48]
Athens GreeceAthens Metro[note 35]1904[99][note 36]2013[note 37]6184.7 km (52.6 mi)[100]493.8 (2013)[R 49]
Budapest HungaryBudapest Metro18962014[101]5238.2 km (23.7 mi)[101][102]302.4 (2011)[R 50]
Bangalore India Namma Metro20112014[103]1617.0 km (10.6 mi)15 (FY2013)[R 51][R 52]
Chennai India Chennai MRTS19952007[104]1719.3 km (12.0 mi)29.2 (2011) [R 53]
Delhi IndiaDelhi Metro2002[105]2013137[106][note 38]190.0 km (118.1 mi)[107]703 (FY2013)[R 54][Note 7]
Gurgaon IndiaRapid MetroRail Gurgaon2013201365.1 km (3.2 mi)12 (2014)[R 55]
Kolkata IndiaKolkata Metro198420132428.1 km (17.5 mi)237.25 (2013)[R 56]
Mumbai IndiaMumbai Metro2014201412[108]11.4 km (7.1 mi)[108]n/a
Mashhad IranMashhad Urban Railway2011[109]20112219 km (12 mi)n/a
Tehran IranTehran Metro[note 39]2000[note 40]2014[110][note 41]85[110]152 km (94 mi)[110]568 (FY2012)[R 57]
Brescia ItalyBrescia Metro2013[111]201317[112]13.7 km (8.5 mi)[112]12 (2013)[R 58]
Genoa ItalyGenoa Metro1990[113]2012[113]8[113]7.0 km (4.3 mi)[113]11 (2012)[R 59]
Milan ItalyMilan Metro[114]1964[114]2014[114]103[114]94.5 km (58.7 mi)[114]425.8 (2011)[R 60]
Naples ItalyNaples Metro[note 42]199320132020.2 km (12.6 mi)[115]
Rome ItalyRome Metro[116]195520125240.4 km (25.1 mi)309.8 (2011)[R 61]
Turin ItalyTurin Metro2006[117]2011[117]21[117]13.2 km (8.2 mi)[117]38.6 (2012)[R 62]
Fukuoka Japan[note 43] Fukuoka City Subway198120053529.8 km (18.5 mi)137.2 (FY2012)[R 63][Note 8]
Hiroshima Japan[note 43]Astram Line199419942118.4 km (11.4 mi)18.5 (2010)[R 64]
Kobe Japan[note 43]Kōbe Rapid Transit Railway19682001107.6 km (4.7 mi)121 (2008)[R 65][Note 8]
Kobe Municipal Subway197720012530.6 km (19.0 mi)121 (2008)[R 66][Note 8]
Kyoto Japan[note 43]Kyoto Municipal Subway198120083131.2 km (19.4 mi)125.5 (2008)[R 67][Note 8]
Nagoya Japan[note 43]Nagoya Municipal Subway1957201187[118]93.3 km (58.0 mi)[118]443.4 (FY2012)[R 68][Note 8]
Osaka Japan[note 43]Osaka Municipal Subway19332006123[119]129.9 km (80.7 mi)[119]842 (FY2013)[R 69][Note 8]
Sapporo Japan[note 43]Sapporo Municipal Subway197119994648 km (30 mi)210 (2008)[R 70][Note 8]
Sendai Japan[note 43]Sendai Subway198719871714.8 km (9.2 mi)58.7 (FY2012)[R 71][Note 8]
Tokyo Japan[note 43]Toei Subway19602000106[120]109.0 km (67.7 mi)[120]866 (FY2012)[R 72][Note 8]
Rinkai Line19962002812.2 km (7.6 mi)72 (FY2011)[R 73][Note 8]
Tokyo Metro19272008179[121]195.1 km (121.2 mi)[121]2351 (FY2012)[R 74][Note 8]
Yokohama Japan[note 43]Yokohama Municipal Subway197220023240.4 km (25.1 mi)198 (2008)[R 75][Note 8]
Minatomirai Line2004200864.1 km (2.5 mi)161 (FY 2012)[R 76][Note 8]
Almaty Kazakhstan Almaty Metro201120117[122]8.5 km (5.3 mi)[122]6.6 (2013)[R 3][R 77]
Pyongyang  North KoreaPyongyang Metro19731987[note 44]1722 km (14 mi)36 (2009)[R 78]
Busan  South KoreaBusan Metro19852011[note 45]128130.2 km (80.9 mi)320.4 (2012)[R 79][R 80]
Daegu  South KoreaDaegu Metro19972012[note 46]5957.3 km (35.6 mi)126.5 (2012)[R 81]
Daejeon  South KoreaDaejeon Metro20062007[note 47]2222.7 km (14.1 mi)38 (2012)[R 82]
Gwangju  South KoreaGwangju Metro20042008[note 48]2020.1 km (12.5 mi)18 (2012)[R 82]
Incheon  South KoreaIncheon Subway199920092929.4 km (18.3 mi)99 (2013)[R 83]
Seoul Capital Area  South KoreaSeoul Subway
(Lines 1-9)
[note 49][note 50]
1974[123]2012[123][note 51]296327.0 km (203.2 mi)[123]2560 (2012)[R 84][Note 9][Note 7]
Korail metro lines[124][note 52][note 50]1994201375124.6 km (77.4 mi)n/a
Shinbundang Line[note 50] (NeoTrans)20112011617.3 km (10.7 mi)n/a
Kuala Lumpur Malaysia Rapid Rail[note 53]19961998[125]48[125]56 km (35 mi)[125]164.3 (2013)[R 85][Note 10]
Mexico City MexicoMexico City Metro1969[126]2012[note 54]195[127][note 55]226.5 km (140.7 mi)[127]1609 (2012)[R 86]
Monterrey MexicoMonterrey Metro1991[128]2008[128]31[129]32 km (20 mi)[130]170.6 (2013)[R 87]
Amsterdam Netherlands Amsterdam Metro[note 56]1977200533[131]31.4 km (19.5 mi)[132]107.7 (2009)[R 88]
Rotterdam NetherlandsRotterdam Metro[note 57]196820106278.3 km (48.7 mi)82 (2012)[R 89][R 90]
Oslo NorwayOslo Metro[note 58]1966[note 59]2006[note 60]9786 km (53 mi)[133]85 (2013)[R 91]
Panama City Panama Panama Metro2014201412[134]13.7 km (8.5 mi)[135]n/a
Lima PeruLima Metro20112014[136]2634.0 km (21.1 mi)[136]91 (2013)[R 92]
Manila PhilippinesManila Light Rail Transit System1984[137]2010[137]31[138]33.4 km (20.8 mi)[137][139]243.3 (2013)[R 93][R 94][Note 7]
Manila Metro Rail Transit System199920001316.9 km (10.5 mi)[140]158.8 (2011)[R 95][Note 7]
Warsaw PolandWarsaw Metro1995200821[141]22.7 km (14.1 mi)[141]139.2 (2012)[R 96][R 97]
Lisbon PortugalLisbon Metro1959[142]2012[142][note 61]55[143]43.2 km (26.8 mi)[143]136 (2013)[R 98]
Bucharest Romania Bucharest Metro1979[144]2011[144][note 62]51[145]69.3 km (43.1 mi)[145]172.6 (2012)[R 99]
Kazan RussiaKazan Metro[146]20052013[147]10[148]15.8 km (9.8 mi)[148]31.3 (2013)[R 3][R 100]
Moscow RussiaMoscow Metro[149][150]19352014[151]194[150]325.4 km (202.2 mi)[150]2491 (2013)[R 101][R 3]
Nizhny Novgorod RussiaNizhny Novgorod Metro19852012[152]14[148]18.8 km (11.7 mi)[148]40 (2013)[R 3][R 102]
Novosibirsk RussiaNovosibirsk Metro19862010[153]13[148]15.9 km (9.9 mi)[148]88.8 (2013)[R 3][R 103]
Saint Petersburg RussiaSaint Petersburg Metro19552012[154]67[148]113.2 km (70.3 mi)[148]758.6 (2013)[R 3]
Samara RussiaSamara Metro19872007[155]9[148]10.3 km (6.4 mi)[148]15.6 (2013)[R 3]
Yekaterinburg RussiaYekaterinburg Metro19912012[156]9[148]12.7 km (7.9 mi)[148]52.4 (2013)[R 3]
Mecca Saudi Arabia Al Mashaaer Al Mugaddassah Metro20102010918.1 km (11.2 mi)4 (2011)[R 104][Note 11]
Singapore SingaporeMass Rapid Transit[157]19872013[note 63]105152.9 km (95.0 mi)921.6 (2012)[R 105]
Barcelona SpainBarcelona Metro[note 64]19242011141[158]102.6 km (63.8 mi)[158]369.9 (2013)[R 106]
Bilbao SpainMetro Bilbao1995201140[159]43.3 km (26.9 mi)[159]87.1 (2012)[R 106]
Madrid SpainMadrid Metro[note 65]1919[160]2010[161]300[161]293 km (182 mi)[161]557.9 (2013)[R 106]
Stockholm SwedenStockholm Metro[162]19501994[note 66]100105.7 km (65.7 mi)328 (2013)[R 107]
Lausanne   SwitzerlandLausanne Metro[note 67]20082008145.9 km (3.7 mi)[163]27.6 (2013) [R 108][Note 12]
Kaohsiung TaiwanKaohsiung Mass Rapid Transit2008201237[164]42.7 km (26.5 mi)[164]60.7 (2013)[R 109]
Taipei Taiwan Taipei Metro19962013103[165]121.3 km (75.4 mi)[165]635 (2013)[R 110]
Bangkok ThailandBTS Skytrain1999[166]2013[166]34[167]36.5 km (22.7 mi)[167]208.8 (2013)[R 111]
Metropolitan Rapid Transit2004200418[168]20 km (12 mi)[168]80.6 (2012)[R 112]
Adana TurkeyAdana Metro2010201013[169]13.9 km (8.6 mi)[169]14 (2011)[R 113]
Ankara TurkeyAnkara Metro19972014[note 68]45[170]55.1 km (34.2 mi)[170]89.4 (2013)[R 114]
Bursa TurkeyBursaray20022014[note 69]38[171]38.9 km (24.2 mi)[171]91.3 (2010)[R 115]
Istanbul TurkeyIstanbul Metro[note 70]19892014[172][note 71]65[172]81.9 km (50.9 mi)[172]232.2 (2013)[R 116]
İzmir Turkeyİzmir Metro20002014[173][note 72]17[173]20 km (12 mi)[173]91.3 (2013)[R 117]
Dnipropetrovsk Ukraine Dnipropetrovsk Metro199519956[122]7.1 km (4.4 mi)[122]7.5 (2013)[R 118][R 3]
Kharkiv UkraineKharkiv Metro1975201029[122]37.6 km (23.4 mi)[122]231.1 (2013)[R 119][R 3]
Kiev UkraineKiev Metro1960201352[122]67.6 km (42.0 mi)[122]536.2 (2013)[R 120][R 3]
Dubai United Arab EmiratesDubai Metro20092012[note 73]4774.6 km (46.4 mi)137.8 (2013)[R 121]
Glasgow UKGlasgow Subway1896[174]189615[174]10.4 km (6.5 mi)[174]12.6 (FY2012)[R 122]
London UKLondon Underground[175]1890[1][note 74]2008[1]270[176]402 km (250 mi)[176]1260 (FY2013)[R 123][Note 13]
Docklands Light Railway1987[177]201145[177]34 km (21 mi)101.5 (FY2013)[R 124]
Atlanta USAMARTA1979[178]2000[178]38[179]77 km (48 mi)[179]69.9 (2013)[R 14][Note 3]
Baltimore USABaltimore Metro Subway1983199514[180]24.9 km (15.5 mi)[180]15.4 (FY2012)[R 125]
Boston USAMassachusetts Bay
Transportation Authority
[note 75]
1901[181]198551[182]61 km (38 mi)[182]166.7 (2013)[R 14][Note 3]
Chicago USAChicago 'L'1897[183][note 76]1993[184]145[184]165.4 km (102.8 mi)[184][note 77]229.1 (2013)[184]
Cleveland USARTA Rapid Transit: Red Line1955[185]1968[185]18[186]31 km (19 mi)[186]6.4 (2013)[R 14][Note 3]
Los Angeles USAMetro Rail[note 78]1993[187]2000[187][note 79]16[187]28.0 km (17.4 mi)[187]51.0 (2013)[R 14][Note 3][Note 14]
Miami USAMetrorail1984[188]201223[189]40.1 km (24.9 mi)[189]21.3 (2013)[R 14][Note 3]
New York City USANew York City Subway1904[190][note 80]2001[note 81]421[190][note 82]373 km (232 mi)[191]1708 (2013)[R 126]
Staten Island Railway1925[note 83]192522[190][192]22.5 km (14.0 mi)[191]4.2 (2013)[R 14][Note 3]
Port Authority Trans-Hudson1908[193]1911[note 84]13[194]22.2 km (13.8 mi)[195]72.8 (2013)[R 14][Note 3]
Philadelphia USASEPTA[196][note 85]1907197375[196]59.1 km (36.7 mi)[197][198]98.2 (FY2013)[R 127][Note 15]
PATCO Speedline1936[199][note 86]196913[199]22.9 km (14.2 mi)[199]10.5 (2013)[R 14][Note 3]
San Francisco USABay Area Rapid Transit1972[200]200344[200]167 km (104 mi)[200]117.8 (FY2013)[R 128]
San Juan, Puerto Rico USATren Urbano200420051617.2 km (10.7 mi)10.9 (2013)[R 14][Note 3]
Washington, D.C. USAWashington Metro1976[201]2014[202]91[201]188 km (117 mi)[201]212.2 (2012)[R 129]
Tashkent UzbekistanTashkent Metro19772001[note 87]29[122]36.2 km (22.5 mi)[122]59.2 (2013)[R 3]
Caracas Venezuela Caracas Metro[note 88]1983[203]2010[note 89]47[204]63.5 km (39.5 mi)[203]490 (2012)[R 130]

Metro systems under construction

The following is an incomplete list of worldwide metro systems currently under construction:

LocationCountryNameStart of constructionPlanned opening
Changchun ChinaChangchun Rail Transit20112020
Dongguan ChinaDongguan Rail Transit20102015
Fuzhou ChinaFuzhou Metro20122015
Guiyang ChinaGuiyang Urban Rail Transit20132017
Hefei ChinaHefei Metro20092016
Jinan ChinaJinan Metro20132018
Lanzhou ChinaLanzhou Metro20122016[UC 1]
Macau ChinaMacau Light Rail Transit20122016
Nanchang ChinaNanchang Metro20092015
Nanning ChinaNanning Rail Transit20112016
Qingdao ChinaQingdao Metro20092015
Shijiazhuang ChinaShijiazhuang Metro20122017
Ürümqi ChinaÜrümqi Metro20142018
Xiamen ChinaXiamen Metro20132017
Xuzhou ChinaXuzhou Metro[UC 2][UC 3]20142017
Quito EcuadorQuito Metro20122016
Thessaloniki GreeceThessaloniki Metro2006[UC 4]2018
Chennai IndiaChennai Metro20102014
Hyderabad IndiaHyderabad Metro Rail20122015
Jaipur IndiaJaipur Metro20102014
Kochi IndiaKochi Metro20132016
Navi Mumbai IndiaNavi Mumbai Metro20112016
Jakarta IndonesiaJakarta Mass Rapid Transit20132018
Ahvaz IranAhvaz Metro20042014
Isfahan IranIsfahan Metro[UC 5][UC 6]20012014
Qom IranQom Metro[UC 7][UC 8]20102015
Shiraz IranShiraz Metro20012014
Tabriz IranTabriz Metro[UC 9][UC 10][UC 11]20032015
Doha QatarDoha Metro20132019
Chelyabinsk RussiaChelyabinsk Metro19922019
Omsk RussiaOmsk Metro19922016
Riyadh Saudi ArabiaRiyadh Metro20142019
Taichung TaiwanTaichung Mass Rail Transit System20092017
Taoyuan TaiwanTaoyuan Metro20062015
Hanoi VietnamHanoi Metro20092016
Ho Chi Minh City VietnamHo Chi Minh City Metro20102018

See also

Notes

System notes

  1. ^ Line A, Line B and Line H of the Buenos Aires Underground had their last expansions in 2013.
  2. ^ Line U2 was extended to Aspern Seestadt in 2013.
  3. ^ Latest restoration of old line in 2011
  4. ^ The Moskovskaya Line extended to Malinovka in 2014.
  5. ^ Line 2's loop was completed in 2009
  6. ^ Not including stations of premetro Lines T3, T4, and T7.
  7. ^ Only the South (Sud) Line is metro-standards. The West (Oeste) Line is currently commuter rail.
  8. ^ Extension of northernmost terminus to Novo Hamburgo in 2013.
  9. ^ Most recent expansion of Line 4. Other extensions projected to become operational in 2014.
  10. ^ See Orange Line (Montreal Metro)
  11. ^ See Sheppard line
  12. ^ See Canada Line
  13. ^ The Beijing Subway's first line began trial operations on October 1, 1969. It opened to revenue service under trial operations on January 15, 1971. Initially, only members of the public with credential letters from their work units could purchase tickets, but this restriction was removed on December 27, 1972. The subway line passed its final inspections and ended trial operations on September 15, 1981. During the trial operations period, annual ridership rose from 8.28 million in 1971 to 55.2 million in 1980. See the history section of the Beijing Subway for details and references.
  14. ^ As of December 28, 2013, the number of unique stations in operation in the Beijing Subway is 232. The unique station count treats the multiple platforms of a station complex as one station. If each station complex's platforms are counted as separate stations, then the total number of stations in operation as of February 15, 2014 would be 262. The unique station count of 232 excludes: the Erligou Station on Line 6, the Andelibeijie and National Art Museum Stations on Line 8, the Wangjing East Station on Line 15 and the Yizhuang Railway Station on the Yizhuang Line, which were not in use as of December 28, 2013. Also excluded are the three restricted stations of Line 1, which are no longer used. The total station count of 262 excludes the stations listed above and treats the Gongyixiqiao Station as two stations, as the southern terminus for Line 4 and northern terminus for the Daxing Line, even though through-train service have effectively transformed the two lines into a single line for which the Gongyixiqiao Station is not a terminus but a single station.
  15. ^ 1st line of FMetro serves two cities - Foshan and Guangzhou
  16. ^ The number excludes the stations and lengths on the Guangfo Metro/Guangfo Line, which is part of the FMetro in Foshan.
  17. ^ Hangzhou Metro's Line 1.
  18. ^ The first MTR route to offer metro service was the Modified Initial System in 1979, which consists of portions of the later Tsuen Wan Line and Kwun Tong Line. Though the eventual East Rail Line opened as a conventional railway in 1910, it did not offer metro service until at least in 1982 when it was electrified.
  19. ^ Tseung Kwan O and West Rail lines.
  20. ^ Kunming's Line 1.
  21. ^ Nanjing South Railway Station.
  22. ^ This figure excludes Maglev line and Jinshan Railway, both often included in Shanghai Metro maps but not considered part of the system.
  23. ^ As of October 2013:
    • If interchange stations are counted as a single station, there are 263 stations.
    • If interchange stations are counted as multiple stations, there are 312 stations.
    • If interchange stations are counter as multiple stations, but shared tracks/platforms on Lines 3 and 4 are counted as a single station, there are 303 stations.
  24. ^ Opening of Suzhou's Line 2.
  25. ^ Xi'an Metro's Line 1.
  26. ^ Extension of Line A from Itagüí south to La Estrella.
  27. ^ Line C was last extended in 2008.
  28. ^ Line 3's first section opened in 2012 and was extended in 2014.
  29. ^ Extension of Lyon Metro's Line B to Oullins Gare station.
  30. ^ Opening of Toulouse Metro's Line B.
  31. ^ Opening of Line U4.
  32. ^ The U3 extension from Olympia-Einkaufszentrum (OEZ) to Moosach.
  33. ^ The official source states there are 100 stations in Munich U-Bahn system, but notes that four connecting/transfer stations have been counted twice; thus, there are 96 stations counting all stations once.
  34. ^ The U3 extension from Maxfeld to Friedrich-Ebert-Platz.
  35. ^ The Blue Line (Line 3) also has a 20.7 kilometres (12.9 mi) section (with 4 stations) to the airport that is owned by the Hellenic Railways Organisation and is mainly used by the suburban railway system.
    "Homepage - The Company - Historic Data - Transit in Athens". Attiko Metro S.A. Retrieved 2014-06-02. 
    Schwandl, Robert. "Athina". UrbanRail.net. Retrieved 2014-06-03. 
  36. ^ The Green Line (Line 1), operated until 2011 by Athens-Piraeus Electric Railways, was opened in 1869 as a steam train railway line. It was electrified in 1904, extended with underground sections through the city in 1948, and extended to its full length to Kifissia in 1957 using the right-of-way of a former metre gauge suburban line. Full metro operation since 1904 between Piraeus and Athens and 1957 to Kifissia. In 2011, it was integrated with Athens Metro under the company STASY S.A.
    "Homepage - The Company - Historic Data - Transit in Athens". Attiko Metro S.A. Retrieved 2014-06-02. 
  37. ^ Line 3 extended west to Agia Marina on 14 December 2013.
  38. ^ The Delhi Metro's six lines serve 137 stations, including the six stations on the Delhi Airport Metro Express line, if counting interchange stations only once, as of September 2013.
  39. ^ The 41.5 km (25.8 mi) Line 5 of the Tehran Metro is a commuter rail line, and so is not included in the statistics here - only Lines 1-4 are.
  40. ^ Opening of metro-standards Line 2.
  41. ^ Extension of Line 3.
  42. ^ Naples Metro is made up of Line 1 and Line 6 only. Line 2 is a commuter rail line.
  43. ^ a b c d e f g h i j In general, the majority of urban rail service in Japanese metropolitan areas is provided by systems not included in this list. For a complete list of urban rail systems in Japan, see List of urban rail systems in Japan.
  44. ^ Yŏnggwang and Puhŭng opened in 1987
  45. ^ Line 4 and Busan-Gimhae Light Rail Transit opened in 2011
  46. ^ Daegu Subway Line 2 extension opened in 2012.
  47. ^ Second phase of line 1
  48. ^ Line 1 fully opened
  49. ^ The Seoul Subway (Lines 1-9) is actually operated by three different operators – Seoul Metro, Seoul Metropolitan Rapid Transit Corporation (SMRT), and Seoul Metro Line9 Corporation. But because all of these lines are owned by the City Government of Seoul, they are counted together here in the table as one system.
  50. ^ a b c Seoul's Metropolitan Subway system can also be viewed as a comprehensive metro network made up of multiple owned/operated metro systems. If viewed as such, the combined route length of Seoul's comprehensive metro-standards network would be 468.9 km (291.4 mi), and it would serve a grand total of 377 stations.
  51. ^ Seoul Subway Line 7 extension opened in October 2012.
  52. ^ Includes the Bundang Line (52.9 km, 36 stations), Korail portions of Seoul Subway Line 3 (Islan Line: 19.2 km, 9 stations) and Seoul Subway Line 4 (Gwacheon Line: 11.8 km, 8 stations; and Ansan Line: 27.6 km, 14 stations), and the Suin Line (non-Ansan portion) (13.1 km, 8 stations).
  53. ^ Statistics presented include Ampang Line and Kelana Jaya Line only; KL Monorail Line not included.
  54. ^ Line 12 opened 2012.
  55. ^ There are 147 stations on the network map, counting transfer stations as one. The sum of the number of the stations for all lines is 195.
  56. ^ Line 50, 53, and 54 are rapid transit. The figures provided exclude the portion of the Amstelveen Line (Line 51) that operates as light rail.
  57. ^ Some sections of the Rotterdam Metro (portions of Lines A and B) have some level crossings (with priority), and use overhead wires instead of a third rail (as most of the system does), and so could therefore be considered "light rail" instead of "metro".
  58. ^ These systems have similarities to light rail systems, because of existence of road level crossings, but are listed since there are almost entirely separated from roads.
  59. ^ The first underground portion was opened in 1928, but that was a tram line. One surface line has origins from 1898. System opened as a full Metro in 1966.
  60. ^ Opening of the completed Ring line in 2006.
  61. ^ The Red Line was expanded to the airport in 2012.
  62. ^ Line M4 extended to Parc Bazilescu in 2011.
  63. ^ The Downtown MRT Line Stage 1 was opened in 2013.
  64. ^ TMB-operated lines L1-L5 and L9-L11 only. FGC-operated lines L6-L8 share track with other FGC commuter lines, and thus don't qualify as metro-standards lines.
  65. ^ Including MetroSur and other suburban lines, but not the three Metro Ligero de Madrid lines which are light rail.
  66. ^ Skarpnäck metro station opened in 1994
  67. ^ The Lausanne Metro has two lines: Line M1 is light rail, while Line M2 is rapid transit. The stats listed are for Line M2 only.
  68. ^ Opening of lines M2 and M3.
  69. ^ Extension to Gürsu.
  70. ^ Currently operational metro standards lines, M1 to M4, only included. All other Istanbul lines or segments are either Tram or Commuter rail, or are under construction, and so are not included here.
  71. ^ Extension of Line M2 to Yenikapı.
  72. ^ Extension to Fahrettin Altay.
  73. ^ The Red Line was completed in 2012.
  74. ^ London's Metropolitan Railway first opened for service in 1863, operating steam locomotive trains in cut and cover tunnels. It began operating as a modern metro when electric-propulsion trains began operating on the system's first deep-level tube line in 1890.
  75. ^ The Red, Orange, and Blue lines of the subway are rapid transit. The originally-elevated Orange Line opened in 1901, sharing the Tremont Street Subway that opened in 1897 as an underground streetcar tunnel (for the light rail Green Line).
  76. ^ Dated from the opening of "The Loop", when the system became unified and electrified.
  77. ^ This figure comes from the sum of the following figures from the accompanying reference (i.e. "Facts at a Glance". Chicago Transit Authority. December 2012. Retrieved 2013-07-21. ): 35.8 miles of elevated route, 35.0 miles at grade level, 20.6 miles on embankments, and 11.4 miles of subway.
  78. ^ Rapid transit portion of L.A. Metro Rail only: Red and Purple lines. All other L.A. Metro Rail lines are Light rail, and are not included here.
  79. ^ This was the date of the last extension to the Red Line in the rapid transit portion of Los Angeles' Metro Rail.
  80. ^ First regular elevated railway service, originally cable hauled, began in 1868. Elevateds converted to steam power in 1870, electrified by 1903. The first section of electrified subway opened in 1904.
  81. ^ Completion of the connection between the IND 63rd Street Line and the IND Queens Boulevard Line on December 16, 2001.
  82. ^ The total number of stations is 468, but with transfer stations counted only once, the number is 421 (including the temporarily closed Cortlandt Street – World Trade Center station.
  83. ^ While the line opened as a railroad in 1860, it was not until 1925 that rapid transit equipment would be operated here.
  84. ^ Manhattan Transfer and Park Place stations opened in 1911, though these stations were closed and replaced with Harrison and Newark stations, respectively, in 1937.
  85. ^ Includes SEPTA's rapid transit lines only: Broad Street Line (Orange Line), Market–Frankford Line (Blue Line) and Norristown High Speed Line.
  86. ^ The opening of the Bridge Line, the precursor rapid transit line to PATCO's, which ran between 8th Street in Philadelphia and Broadway in Camden. The current PATCO Speedline, with service through to Lindenwold, opened in 1969.
  87. ^ The Yunusobod Line was opened in 2001
  88. ^ Statistics presented here for the Caracas Metro include the Los Teques Metro which functions as effectively a subsidiary and extension of the Caracas Metro.
  89. ^ Los Jardines, Coche, Mercado stations (Line 3) open – Schwandl, Robert. "Caracas". UrbanRail.Net. Retrieved 2013-01-10. .

Ridership notes

  1. ^ This ridership figure includes the Premetro (Line E2) ridership in the total.
  2. ^ Does not include ridership on the Line 4 - Yellow, operated by ViaQuatro (a private company).
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l All American Public Transportation Association (APTA) figures are derived from unlinked transit passenger trips (i.e. a transfer between two lines counts as two passenger trips, transferring twice counts as three trips, etc.).
  4. ^ This ridership figure is the sum of the "Heavy Rail (HR)" and "Intermediate Rail (IR)" figures for Toronto from the APTA Ridership report – in other words, this figure includes ridership on the Scarborough RT line which APTA considers to be "Intermediate Rail (IR)".
  5. ^ Counted in with Guangzhou.
  6. ^ Does not include ridership on the RER (1200 million), Transilien (1090 million), and the Tramways (~ 190 million).
  7. ^ a b c d Ridership is based on unlinked passenger trips (i.e. a transfer between two lines counts as two trips, transferring between three lines counts as three trips, etc.).
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Compared to European or North American systems, Japanese rapid transit systems are generally neither thought of as metros nor as completely subterranean "subways" complicating whether only using the municipal subway statistic is accurate when comparing with other Metros around the world. As example Tokyo Metro and the Tokyo Metropolitan Bureau of Transportation's Toei Subway constitute only 22% of the 14.6 billion metropolitan railway ridership in Greater Tokyo (MLIT Yearly Statistics). In addition, when one considers intracity lines of JR East and private railway companies, Greater Tokyo (130 lines) has higher daily ridership than any other metropolitan area in the world with 14.6 billion passengers annually. The Osaka Municipal Subway also has only a minority share of all metropolitan railway ridership in Greater Osaka, constituting only 17.6% of Greater Osaka's 4.745 billion rail passengers annually in 2010. Including the municipal subway systems in both Kobe and Kyoto, the result still only comprises 22% of all rail travel in the Greater Osaka area with 1065.8 million passengers yearly (MLIT Yearly Statistics). For Greater Nagoya, the Nagoya Municipal Subway has only a minority share of all metropolitan railway ridership in Greater Nagoya constituting only 38% of Greater Nagoya's 1.095 billion rail passengers annually in 2010 (MLIT Yearly Statistics). For a complete list of urban rail systems in Japan with ridership statistics, see List of urban rail systems in Japan.
  9. ^ Seoul Subway Lines 1 to 9: 2,560 million (2012) (Seoul Metropolitan Government Statistics) This figure counts only gate-passers, so it only includes SMRT, Seoul Metro, and Seoul Subway Line 9 riders. Many other lines such as those operated by Korail (1,027 million (2012) (Korail Metropolitan Subway)), AREX, as well as the Shinbundang Line function as separate metro systems within the greater Seoul rapid transit network and are excluded (often due to unavailable data).
  10. ^ Including KL Monorail.
  11. ^ Note: Operated during Hajj only.
  12. ^ Ridership figure is for rapid transit Line M2 only; ridership on the light rail M1 line is excluded from this figure.
  13. ^ Does not include ridership on the separate Docklands Light Railway (100 million), London Overground (124.6 million), London Tramlink (30.1 million), or National Rail systems within Greater London.
  14. ^ L.A. Metro's heavy rail lines, the Red and Purple Lines, only.
  15. ^ Ridership figures for Broad Street Line, Market–Frankford Line, and Norristown High Speed Line (the heavy rail lines) only.

References

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Ridership references

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Under construction system references

Bibliography

  • Vuchic, Vukan R. (2007). Urban Transit Systems and Technology. John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 978-0-471-75823-5. 
  • Ovenden, Mark (2005). Metro Maps Of The World. Capital Transport. ISBN 1-85414-288-7. 
  • Hinkel, W.; Treiber, K.; Valenta, G.; Liebsch, H. (2004). Underground Railways Yesterday - Today - Tomorrow. Schmid Verlag. ISBN 3-900607-44-3. 
  • Fischler, Stan (2000). Subways Of The World. MBI. ISBN 0-7603-0752-0. 
  • Garbutt, Paul (1997). World Metro Systems. Capital Transport. ISBN 1-85414-191-0. 

Online resources

External links