List of members of the American Legislative Exchange Council

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - View original article

 
Jump to: navigation, search

The American Legislative Exchange Council, otherwise known by the acronym ALEC, is a non-profit 501(c) organization charitable legislative organization established in 1975. The legislative members are state legislators. It is a forum to allow the members to write model laws and discuss legislative language with other members. ALEC meetings are an opportunity for the corporate and non-profit leaders to meet and provide feedback to legislators. Member legislators can then use these model bills as a template for their own.

ALEC's vision statement is "A nonpartisan membership association for conservative state lawmakers who shared a common belief in limited government, free markets, federalism, and individual liberty. Their vision and initiative resulted in the creation of a voluntary membership association for people who believed that government closest to the people was fundamentally more effective, more just, and a better guarantor of freedom than the distant, bloated federal government in Washington, D.C."[1]

ALEC actively tries to keep its membership, activities and communications confidential.[2] This list includes members whose identity primarily has become known through internal documents leaked to Common Cause and research by members of the press. This list may not be complete.

Board of scholars[edit]

The ALEC Board of Scholars is composed of the following:[3]

Board of directors[edit]

The ALEC board of directors is composed of the following:[4]

NameParty AffiliationState
2013 ALEC National Chair
State Rep. John PiscopoRepublicanConnecticut
First Vice Chair
State Rep. Linda UpmeyerRepublicanIowa
Second Vice Chair
State Rep. Phil KingRepublicanTexas
Treasurer
State Sen. Leah VukmirRepublicanWisconsin
Secretary
State Rep. Liston BarfieldRepublicanSouth Carolina
Chairs Emeritus
State Rep. Harold BrubakerRepublicanNorth Carolina
State Rep. Tom CraddickRepublicanTexas
State Rep. Noble EllingtonRepublicanLouisiana
State Sen. Steve FarisDemocraticArkansas
State Rep. Bobby HogueDemocraticArkansas
State Sen. Owen JohnsonRepublicanNew York
State Rep. Dolores MertzDemocraticIowa
Immediate Past Chair
State Rep. David FrizzellRepublicanIndiana
NameParty AffiliationState
Board Members
State Sen. Gary BanzRepublicanOklahoma
State Sen. Jim BuckRepublicanIndiana
State Sen. Bill CadmanRepublicanColorado
State Sen. Barbara CegavskeRepublicanNevada
State Rep. Joe HarrisonRepublicanLouisiana
Speaker William J. HowellRepublicanVirginia
State Sen. Michael LamoureuxRepublicanArkansas
State Rep. Steve McDanielRepublicanTennessee
Speaker Raymond MerrickRepublicanKansas
State Rep. Tim MoffittRepublicanNorth Carolina
State Sen. Wayne NeiderhauserRepublicanUtah
State Sen. Bill SeitzRepublicanOhio
State Rep. Blair ThoresonRepublicanNorth Dakota
Speaker Thom TillisRepublicanNorth Carolina
State Rep. Curry ToddRepublicanTennessee
State Sen. Susan WagleRepublicanKansas

Private enterprise board[edit]

The ALEC private enterprise board is composed of the following corporate leaders:[5]

PersonCompanyTitleSectorStatus
Preston BaldwinCenterpoint360ChairmanTobacco lobbyistActive
Sandra OliverBayerVice ChairmanPharmaceuticalActive
John Del GornoGlaxoSmithKlineVice ChairmanPharmaceuticalActive
David PowersReynolds AmericanTreasurerTobaccoActive
Jerry WatsonChairman EmeritusBail BondsEmeritus
Lisa A. Sano BlockerEnergy Future HoldingsBoard MemberEnergy/OilActive
Jeffrey BondPhRMABoard MemberPharmaceuticalActive
William CarmichaelAmerican Bail CoalitionBoard MemberBail BondsActive
Robert JonesPfizer Inc.Board MemberPharmaceuticalActive
Kenneth LaneDiageoBoard MemberAlcoholic BeveragesActive
Bill LeahyAT&TBoard MemberTelecommunicationsActive
Pat ThomasUnited Parcel ServiceBoard MemberShippingActive
Kelly MaderPeabody EnergyBoard MemberEnergy/OilActive
Mike MorgonKoch Companies Public Sector,LLCBoard MemberLobbyistActive
Daniel SmithAltriaBoard MemberTobaccoActive
Randy SmithExxonMobilBoard MemberEnergy/OilActive
Russell SmoldonSalt River ProjectBoard MemberEnergy/WaterActive
Roland SpiesState Farm InsuranceBoard MemberInsuranceActive

State chairmen[edit]

ALEC chairmen from state legislatures are:[6]

StateLeaders (Party)
AlabamaMary Sue McClurkin R
AlaskaWes Keller R
ArizonaDebbie Lesko R
ArkansasLinda Collins-Smith R
Michael Lamoureux R
CaliforniaJoel Anderson R
ColoradoBill Cadman R
B.J. Nikkel R
ConnecticutDebra Lee Hovey R
Kevin D. Witkos R
DelawareVacant
FloridaJimmy Patronis R
GeorgiaCalvin Hill, Jr. R
Chip Rogers R
HawaiiGene Ward R
IdahoPatti Anne Lodge R
IllinoisKirk Dillard R
Renée Kosel R
IndianaJim Buck R
David Wolkins R
IowaLinda J. Miller R
KansasRaymond Merrick R
KentuckyTom Buford R
Mike Harmon R
LouisianaJoe Harrison R
StateLeaders (Party)
MaineRichard Rosen R
MarylandMichael Hough R
Christopher Shank R
MassachusettsNicholas Boldyga R
Harriett Stanley D
MichiganTonya Schuitmaker R
MinnesotaMary Kiffmeyer R
MississippiJim Ellington R
MissouriTim Jones R
Jason T. Smith R
MontanaGary MacLaren R
Scott Reichner R
NebraskaJim Smith
NevadaBarbara Cegavske R
New HampshireGary L. Daniel R
Jordan G. Ulery R
New JerseySteve Oroho R
Jay Webber R
New MexicoPaul C. Bandy R
William Payne R
New YorkOwen H. Johnson R
North CarolinaFred F. Steen II R
North DakotaAlan H. Carlson R
Bette Grande R
OhioJohn Adams R
StateLeaders (Party)
OklahomaGary Banz R
Cliff Aldridge R
OregonGene Whisnant R
PennsylvaniaBrian L. Ellis R
Rhode IslandFrancis T. Maher, Jr. R
Jon Brien D
South CarolinaListon Barfield R
Thomas Alexander R
South DakotaDeb Peters R
Valentine B. Rausch R
TennesseeCurry Todd R
TexasCharles F. Howard R
Jim Jackson R
Kel Seliger R
UtahCurtis S. Bramble R
Wayne L. Niederhauser R
Chris Herrod R
VermontKevin J. Mullin R
VirginiaJohn A. Cosgrove, Jr. R
Stephen H. Martin R
WashingtonJan Angel R
Don Benton R
West VirginiaEric Householder R
Wisconsin
Robin J. Vos R
WyomingPeter S. Illoway R

Task force members[edit]

ALEC presently has 9 task forces to "commission research, publish papers, convene workshops, issue alerts, and serve as clearinghouses of information on free market policies in the states." Each task force is co-chaired by one state legislator (termed "public") and one corporate representative(termed "private"), but Private Co-Chairs have veto power over final decisions of their task force. The primary goal of these task forces is to develop model policies for the country. "The centerpiece to the Task Forces is ALEC’s model legislation. To date, ALEC has considered, written, and approved hundreds of model bills, resolutions, and policy statements."[7]

Civil Justice[edit]

Lance Kinzer R, Kansas representative

Victor Schwartz representing Shook, Hardy & Bacon[8]

Commerce, Insurance, and Economic Development[edit]

Dawn Pettengill R, Iowa representative

Emory Wilkerson representing State Farm Insurance[9]

Communications and Technology[edit]

Blair Thoreson R, North Dakota representative

Bartlett Cleland representing the Institute for Policy Innovation[10]

Education[edit]

Greg Forristall, R, Iowa representative

Jonathan Butcher representing Goldwater Institute[11]

Energy, Environment, and Agriculture[edit]

Thomas Lockhart, R, Wyoming reprentative

Paul Loeffelman representing American Electric Power[12]

Health and Human Services[edit]

Judson Hill, R, Georgia senator

Marianne Eterno representing Guarantee Trust Life Insurance Company[13]

International Relations[edit]

Tim Moffitt, R, North Carolina representative

Brandie Davis representing Philip Morris International[14]

International Delegates[edit]

MEP Richard Ashworth, United Kingdom

Senator Cory Bernardi, Australia

MEP Adam Bielan, Poland

MEP Martin Callanan, United Kingdom

MEP Philip Claeys, Belgium

MP David Darchiashvili, Georgia

MEP Niranjan Deva, United Kingdom

MEP Christofer Fjellner, Sweden

MEP Daniel Hannan, United Kingdom

MP Chris Heaton-Harris, United Kingdom

MEP Roger Helmer, United Kingdom

Assemblywoman Ayesha Javed, Pakistan

MEP Syed Kamall, United Kingdom

MEP Michal Kaminski, Poland

MEP Miroslaw Piotrowski, Poland

MEP Ivo Strejcek, Czech Republic

MEP Robert Sturdy, United Kingdom

MEP Konrad Szymanski, Poland[15]

Justice Performance Project[edit]

Christopher B. Shank, R, Maryland senator

Stacie Rumenap representing Stop Child Predators[16]

Tax and Fiscal Policy[edit]

Ken Weyler, R, New Hampshire representative

Amanda Klump representing Altria[17]

Contributing authors[edit]

Dr. Matthew Ladner, Nevada Policy Research Institute[18]

Dan Lips, Goldwater Institute[18]

Dr. Vicki E. (Murray) Alger, Vicki Murray & Associates LLC[19]

Corporate and non-profit members[edit]

3M[20]

Allergan[21]

Altria (formerly known as Philip Morris)[4]

America Online (AOL)[22]

American Bail Coalition[4]

American Bankers Association[23]

American Council of Life Insurers[23]

American Council of Trustees and Alumni[24]

American Insurance Association[23]

American Legal Financial Association[25]

American Petroleum Institute[26]

American Principles Project[24]

American Tort Reform Association[25]

Americans for Tax Reform[22]

Amoco[26]

Anheuser-Busch[23]

Association for Competitive Technology[22]

AstraZeneca[21]

AT&T[4][21]

Bayer[4][21]

BNSF Railway[25]

Bristol-Myers Squibb[21]

Cato Institute [22]

Celgene[21]

Center for Competitive Politics[27][28]

Center for Digital Media Freedom[22]

Centerpoint360[4]

CenturyLink[21]

Charter Communications[22]

Cintra[23]

Citizens In Charge Foundation[27]

Civil Justice Reform Group[25]

Comcast[21]

Community Financial Services Association[23]

Con-way[23]

ConocoPhilips[21]

Corrections Corporation of America[29]

Coventry Health Care[23]

Crown Cork and Seal Company[25]

CTIA – The Wireless Association[22]

DCI Group[22]

Diageo[4][21]

DirecTV[22]

Dow Chemical[21]

DuPont[21]

EBay[22]

Eli Lilly[21]

Entertainment Software Association[21]

Entergy[25]

Express Scripts[21]

ExxonMobil[4][21]

Facebook[30]

Fadem & Associates[28]

Farmer's Insurance[25]

Federalist Society[25]

FedEx[21]

Foundation for Excellence in Education[31]

Free State Foundation[22]

Genentech[21]

Geo Group (formerly known as Wackenhut)[29]

Georgia Pacific[25]

GlaxoSmithKline[4][21]

Google[30]

Heartland Institute[32][33]

Higher Education Research/Policy Center

Illinois Policy Institute[24]

Imagine Learning[24]

Institute for Justice[28]

Institute for Legal Reform[25]

Institute for Policy Innovation[22]

International Franchise Association[23]

James Madison Institute[31]

Justice Fellowship[28]

Kansas City Power and Light[34]

Koch Industries[4][21][25]

Lawyers for Civil Justice[25]

Macquarie Capital[23]

Management and Training Corporation[29]

McLeod County Farmers Union[28][not in citation given]

MV VeriSol[23]

National Association of Mutual Insurance Companies[23][25]

National Association of Water Companies[35]

National Beer Wholesalers Association[27]

National Cable and Telecommunications Association[22]

National Coalition for Safer Roads[28][not in citation given]

National Federation of Independent Business[25]

National Pawnbrokers Association[27]

National Popular Vote[28]

National Rifle Association[21]

NetChoice[22]

News Corporation (parent company of Twentieth Century Fox, Wall Street Journal and Fox News)[22]

Novartis[21]

Orchid Cellmark[28]

Pacific Research Institute[25]

Pfizer[4][21]

PhRMA[4]

Pickle Consulting Group[25]

Pioneer Institute[31]

Price Waterhouse Coopers[25]

Progress and Freedom Foundation[22]

Property Casualty Insurers[23][25]

Reason Foundation[22]

Reckitt Benckiser Pharmaceuticals[28]

Sanofi Aventis[21]

Satellite Broadcasting and Communications Association[22]

Schering Plough[21]

Serlin Hale[28][not in citation given]

Sprint Nextel[22]

State Farm Insurance[4]

State Policy Network[22]

Stop Child Predators[27]

Taser International[25]

Thomson Reuters[20]

Time Warner[20]

T-Mobile[22]

United Health[31]

United Parcel Service[4][21]

US Chamber of Commerce[24][25]

Verizon[21]

VISA USA[23]

Wine Institute[23]

Wireless Generation[31]

Wise Carter Child & Caraway[22]

Wyeth[21]

Xcel Energy[31][36]

Yelp, Inc.[30]

Legislative members[edit]

Alabama[edit]

Spencer Bachus R, U.S. House of Representatives[37]

Greg Canfield R, Alabama House of Representatives[38]

Steve French R, Alabama Senate[39]

Victor Gaston R, Speaker Pro Tempore, Alabama House of Representatives[40]

Richard Laird D, Alabama House of Representatives[38]

Mary Sue McClurkin R, Alabama House of Representatives[6]

Mike D. Rogers R, U.S. House of Representatives[37]

Richard Shelby R, United States Senate[41]

Cam Ward R, Alabama House of Representatives[42]

Jack Williams R, Alabama House of Representatives[39]

Alaska[edit]

Carl Gatto R, Alaska House of Representatives[25]

Wes Keller R, Alaska House of Representatives[6]

Bob Lynn R, Alaska House of Representatives[28]

Don Young R, U.S. House of Representatives[37]

Arizona[edit]

Kirk Adams R, former Speaker of Arizona House of Representatives, 2012 candidate for U.S. House of Representatives[22]

Cecil Ash R, former Arizona House of Representatives[38]

Nancy Barto R, Arizona House of Representatives[38]

Jan Brewer R, Governor[43]

Andy Biggs R, Majority leader Arizona Senate[25]

Rich Crandall R, Arizona Senate[24]

Adam Driggs R, Arizona Senate[25]

Eddie Farnsworth R, Arizona House of Representatives[25]

Pamela Gorman former R, Majority Whip Arizona Senate[38]

David Gowan R, Arizona House of Representatives[28]

Jack Harper former R, Arizona Senate[38]

John Kavanaugh former R, Arizona House of Representatives[28][38]

Debbie Lesko R, Majority Whip Arizona House of Representatives[6][22]

John McComish R, Arizona Senate[39]

Richard Miranda former R, Arizona House of Representatives[28]

David Schweikert R, U.S. House of Representatives[37]

Don Shooter R, Arizona Senate[25]

David Burnell Smith former R, Arizona House of Representatives[25]

Steve Smith R, Arizona Senate[28]

Steve Urie former R, Arizona House of Representatives[28]

Ted Vogt former R, Arizona House of Representatives[25]

James Weiers former R, Arizona House of Representatives[38]

Steven Yarbrough R, former Speaker of the Arizona House of Representatives[38]

Kimberley Yee R, Arizona House of Representatives[44]

Arkansas[edit]

Duncan Baird R, Arkansas House of Representatives[25]

Gilbert Baker R, former Arkansas state senator[25]

Cecile Bledsoe R, Arkansas Senate[38]

Skip Carnine R, Arkansas House of Representatives[39]

Davy Carter R, Arkansas House of Representatives[25]

Alan Clark R, Arkansas State Senate[45]

Linda Collins-Smith R, fArkansas House of Representatives[6]

Ann Clemmer R, Arkansas House of Representatives[25][39]

Jane English R, Arkansas House of Representatives and Arkansas Senate[39]

Jon Eubanks R, Arkansas House of Representatives[25]

Steve Faris D, former Majority Whip Arkansas Senate[22]

Ed Garner R, Arkansas House of Representatives[38]

Dan Greenberg R, formerly Arkansas House of Representatives[38]

Kim Hendren R, former Arkansas state senator, former Minority Leader and defeated candidate for U. S. Senate[22]

Barbara Horn R, formerly Arkansas Senate[38]

Jeremy Hutchinson R, Arkansas Senate[25]

Jimmy Jeffress D, Arkansas Senate[39]

Johnny Key R, Arkansas Senate[38]

Buddy Lovell R, former member Arkansas House of Representatives[22]

Jason Rapert R, Arkansas Senate[46]

Roy Ragland R, formerly Arkansas House of Representatives[39]

Bill Sample R, Arkansas House of Representatives[39]

Mary Lou Slinkard R, Arkansas House of Representatives[28]

Jerry Taylor D, Arkansas Senate[38]

California[edit]

Joel Anderson R, California State Senate[6]

John Campbell R, U.S. House of Representatives[37]

Jeff Denham R, U.S. House of Representatives[37]

Jerry Lewis R, U.S. House of Representatives[37]

Tom McClintock R, U.S. House of Representatives[37]

Edward Royce R, U.S. House of Representatives[37]

Colorado[edit]

Cindy Acree R, Colorado House of Representatives[38]

Greg Brophy R, Colorado Senate[28]

Bill Cadman R, Colorado House of Representatives[6][25]

Cory Gardner R, U.S. House of Representatives[37]

Robert Gardner R, Colorado House of Representatives[25]

Doug Lamborn R, U.S. House of Representatives[37]

B.J. Nikkel R, Colorado House of Representatives[6][28]

Bill Owens R, former Governor[47]

Ed Perlmutter D, U.S. House of Representatives[38]

Nancy Spence R, Colorado Senate[39]

Scott Tipton R, U.S. House of Representatives[37]

Mark Waller R, Colorado House of Representatives[25]

Connecticut[edit]

Bill Aman R, Connecticut House of Representatives[25]

Christie Carpino R, Connecticut House of Representatives[25]

William Hamzy R, former Deputy Minority Leader Connecticut House of Representatives[38]

Debra Lee Hovey R Connecticut House of Representatives[6]

Themis Klarides R, Connecticut House of Representatives[28]

David Labriola R, Connecticut House of Representatives[25]

Lawrence Miller R, Connecticut House of Representatives[38]

Rosa Rebimbas R, Connecticut House of Representatives[22]

John Shaban R, Connecticut House of Representatives[25]

Kevin D. Witkos R Connecticut Senate[6]

Delaware[edit]

Bradford Bennett D, Delaware House of Representatives[23][25]

David McBride D, Delaware Senate[22]

James P. Neal Delaware Senate[48]

Florida[edit]

Sandy Adams R, formerly U.S. House of Representatives[37]

Allen Boyd D, formerly U.S. House of Representatives[38]

Ginny Brown-Waite R, U.S. House of Representatives[38]

Rachel Burgin R, Florida House of Representatives[49][50]

Mario Diaz-Balart R, U.S. House of Representatives[37]

Brad Drake R, Florida House of Representatives[38]

D. Alan Hays R, formerly Florida House of Representatives[38]

Matt Hudson R, Florida House of Representatives[51]

Suzanne Kosmas D, U.S. House of Representatives[38]

Kendrick Meek D, formerly U.S. House of Representatives, lost 2010 run for United States Senate[38]

John Mica R, U.S. House of Representatives[37]

Jeff Miller R, U.S. House of Representatives[37]

Dave Murzin R, Florida House of Representatives[22]

Jimmy Patronis R, Florida House of Representatives[6]

Bill Posey R, U.S. House of Representatives[52]

Adam Putnam R, Florida Commissioner of Agriculture, formerly U.S. House of Representatives[38]

David Rivera R, U.S. House of Representatives[37]

Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R, U.S. House of Representatives[37]

Dennis Ross R, U.S. House of Representatives[37]

Marco Rubio R, United States Senate[41]

Steve Southerland R, U.S. House of Representatives[37]

Daniel Webster R, U.S. House of Representatives[37]

John Wood R, Florida House of Representatives[22]

Georgia[edit]

Don Balfour R, Georgia Senate[53]

Charlice Byrd R, Georgia House of Representatives[38]

David Casas R, Georgia House of Representatives[11]

Josh Clark R, Georgia House of Representatives[23]

Doug Collins R, Georgia House of Representatives[25]

Kevin Cooke R, Georgia House of Representatives[28]

Sharon Cooper R, Georgia House of Representatives[38]

Bill Cowsert R, Georgia Senate[54]

Phil Gingrey R, U.S. House of Representatives[37]

Johnny Grant R, Georgia Senator[28]

Tom Graves R, U.S. House of Representatives[37]

Mark Hamilton R, Georgia House of Representatives[28]

William Harmick R, Georgia Senate[25]

Calvin Hill, Jr. R, Georgia House of Representatives[6]

Bob Horne R, Georgia House of Representatives[28]

Jack Kingston R, U.S. House of Representatives[37]

Edward Lindsey R, Georgia House of Representatives[25]

Barry Loudermilk R, Georgia House of Representatives[22]

John Lunsford R, Georgia House of Representatives[22]

Billy Maddox R, Georgia House of Representatives[44]

Charles Martin R, Georgia House of Representatives[23]

James Mills R, Georgia House of Representatives[38]

Jack Murphy R, Georgia Senate[28]

Jay Neal R, Georgia House of Representatives[54]

Chip Pearson R, formerly Georgia House of Representatives[39]

Tom Price R, U.S. Representative, Chairman, House Republican Policy Committee[55]

Tom Rice R, Georgia House of Representatives[28][38]

Chip Rogers R, Senate Majority Leader Georgia State Senate[6]

Austin Scott R, U.S. House of Representatives[37]

Mitch Seabaugh R, resigned from Georgia Senate to become Deputy State Treasurer[22]

Donna Sheldon R, Georgia House of Representatives[38]

Jesse Stone R, Georgia Senate[25]

Renee Unterman R, Georgia Senate[38]

Lynn Westmoreland R, U.S. House of Representatives[37]

Hawaii[edit]

Gene Ward R, Hawaii House of Representatives[6]

Idaho[edit]

Scott Bedke R, Idaho House of Representatives[56]

Darrell Bolz R, Idaho House of Representatives[28]

Dean Cameron R, Idaho Senate[56]

James Clark R, Idaho House of Representatives[38]

Denton Darrington R, Idaho Senate[25]

Frank Henderson R, Idaho House of Representatives[39]

Patti Anne Lodge R, Idaho Senate[6]

Shirley McKague R, Idaho House of Representatives[22]

Jim Patrick R, Idaho House of Representatives[22][56]

Jim Risch R, United States Senate[41]

Mike Simpson R, U.S. House of Representatives[38]

Bert Stevenson R, Idaho House of Representatives[56]

Tom Stivers R, former Speaker of the Idaho House of Representatives[48]

Jeff Thompson R, Idaho House of Representatives[38]

Illinois[edit]

Phil Crane R, formerly United States House of Representatives and 1980 candidate for President of the United States[48]

Tom Cross R, Illinois House of Representatives[25]

Kirk Dillard R, Illinois Senate[6][25]

Henry Hyde R, Founder, former United States House of Representatives, now deceased[48]

Renée Kosel R, Illinois House of Representatives[6]

Dennis Reboletti R, Illinois House of Representatives[28]

David Reis R, Illinois House of Representatives[28]

Dale Risinger R, Illinois Senate[38]

Chapin Rose R, Illinois House of Representatives[25]

Dan Rutherford R, Illinois Senate[22]

Indiana[edit]

Tony Bennett Indiana Superintendent of Public Instruction[57]

Brian Bosma R, Indiana House of Representatives[25]

Timothy Brown R, Indiana House of Representatives[38]

Jim Buck R Indiana Senate[6]

Dan Burton R, U.S. House of Representatives[37]

Mitch Daniels R, Governor[58]

Bill Davis R, Indiana House of Representatives[38]

Richard Dodge R, Indiana House of Representatives[25]

William Friend R, Indiana House of Representatives[25]

David Frizzell R, Indiana House of Representatives[4][38]

Douglas Gutwein R, Indiana House of Representatives[28]

Eric Koch R, Indiana House of Representatives[22][38]

Cindy Noe R, Indiana House of Representatives[24][38]

Phyllis Pond R, Indiana House of Representatives[28]

William Ruppel R, formerly Indiana House of Representatives[38]

Marlin Stutzman R, U.S. House of Representatives[37]

Eric Turner R, Indiana House of Representatives[38]

Jackie Walorski R, Indiana House of Representatives[22]

Iowa[edit]

Leonard Boswell D, U.S. House of Representatives[38]

Terry Branstad R, Governor[48][57][59]

Betty DeBoef R, Iowa House of Representatives[25][39]

Sandra Greiner R, Iowa Senate[28]

Chris Hagenow R, Iowa House of Representatives[22][44]

Tim Kapucian R, Iowa Senate[28]

Doris Kelley D, Iowa House of Representatives[22]

Steve King R, U.S. House of Representatives[37]

Dolores Mertz D, former Iowa House of Representatives[4][39]

Linda J. Miller R, Iowa House of Representatives[6][38]

Kim Pearson R, Iowa Senate[25]

Dawn Pettengill R, Iowa House of Representatives[23]

James Seymour R, Iowa Senate[25][38]

Linda Upmeyer Minority Whip Iowa House of Representatives[4][60]

Pat Ward R, Iowa Senate[44]

Ralph Watts R, Iowa House of Representatives[39]

Kansas[edit]

Karen Brownlee R, Kansas Senate[39]

Terry Bruce R, Kansas Senate[28][61]

Rob Bruchman R, Kansas House of Representatives[25][61]

Steve Brunk R, Kansas House of Representatives[62]

Terry Calloway R, Kansas House of Representatives[61]

Richard Carlson R, Kansas House of Representatives[38]

Pete DeGraff R, Kansas House of Representatives[62]

John Faber R, formerly Kansas House of Representatives[62]

Mario Goico R, Kansas House of Representatives[28]

TerriLois Gregory R, Kansas House of Representatives[61]

Amanda Grosserode R, Kansas House of Representatives[61]

Gary Hayzlett R, Kansas House of Representatives[28]

Carl Holmes R, Kansas House of Representatives[62]

Mitch Holmes R, Kansas House of Representatives[38]

Deena Horst R, formerly Kansas House of Representatives[62]

Steve Huebert R, Kansas House of Representatives[38]

Lynn Jenkins R, U.S. House of Representatives[37]

Richard Kelsey R, Kansas Senate[38]

Lance Kinzer R, Kansas House of Representatives[25][61][62]

Marvin Kleeb R, Kansas House of Representatives[61][62][62]

Forrest Knox R, Kansas House of Representatives[38][61][62]

Garret Love R, Kansas Senate[61]

Julia Lynn R, Kansas Senate[61]

Peggy Mast R, Assistant Majority Leader Kansas House of Representatives[38]

Ty Masterson R, Kansas Senate[62]

Kelly Meigs R, Kansas House of Representatives[61]

Raymond Merrick R, Kansas Senate[6][61]

Jerry Moran R, United States Senate[41]

Susan Mosier R, Kansas House of Representatives[61]

Don Myers R, Kansas House of Representatives[38]

Ralph Ostmeyer R, Kansas Senate[38][61]

Joe Patton R, Kansas House of Representatives[25][38]

Mike Petersen R, Kansas Senate[22]

Mary Pilcher-Cook R, Iowa Senate[38][39]

Larry Powell R, Kansas House of Representatives[61]

Dennis Pyle R, Kansas Senate[39]

Marc Rhodes R, Kansas House of Representatives[38][39][62]

John Rubin R, Kansas House of Representatives[28][61]

Ronald Ryckman R, Kansas House of Representatives[61]

Scott Schwab R, Kansas House of Representatives[38][39][61]

Sharon Schwartz R, Kansas House of Representatives[39]

Chris Steineger R, Kansas Senate[22][61]

Todd Tiahrt R, Formerly U.S. House of Representatives[38]

Susan Wagle R, Kansas Senate[62]

Kevin Yoder R, U.S. House of Representatives[37]

Kentucky[edit]

Walter Blevins D, Kentucky Senate[22]

Tom Buford R, Kentucky House of Representatives[6][38]

Julian Carroll D, Kentucky House of Representatives[28]

Ron Crimm R, Kentucky House of Representatives[25][28]

Julie Denton R, Kentucky Senate[38]

Joseph Fischer R, Kentucky House of Representatives[28]

Brett Guthrie R, U.S. House of Representatives[37]

Mike Harmon R, Kentucky House of Representatives[6][38]

Ray S. Jones D, Kentucky Senate[25]

Alice Kerr R, Kentucky House of Representatives[22]

Sal Santoro R, Kentucky House of Representatives[28]

Dan Seum R, Republican Caucus chair Kentucky Senate[22][28]

Robert Stivers R, Majority Leader Kentucky Senate[25]

Johnny Ray Turner D, Democratic Caucus chair Kentucky Senate

Jackie Westwood R, Kentucky House of Representatives[38]

Louisiana[edit]

Rodney Alexander R, U.S. House of Representatives[37]

Damon Baldone R, Louisiana House of Representatives[28]

Timothy Burns R, Louisiana House of Representatives[25]

Jack Donahue R, Louisiana State Senate[25]

Hollis Downs R, formerly Louisiana House of Representatives[22]

Franklin Foil R, Louisiana House of Representatives[22]

Brett Geymann R, Louisiana House of Representatives[22]

Joe Harrison R, Louisiana House of Representatives[6]

Frank Hoffmann R, Louisiana House of Representatives[38]

Robert Kostelka R, Louisiana Senate[28]

Nicholas Lorusso R, Louisiana House of Representatives[28]

Daniel Martiny R, Louisiana Senate[28]

Fred Mills R, Louisiana House of Representatives[25]

Neil Riser R, Louisiana State Senate[22]

Gary Smith R, Louisiana House of Representatives[22]

Jim Tucker R, Speaker of the Louisiana House of Representatives[22]

Maine[edit]

Ken Fletcher R, Maine House of Representatives[22]

Debra Plowman R, Maine Senate[25]

Richard Rosen R, Maine Senate[6]

Doug Smith R, formerly Maine Senate[38]

Michael Thibodeau R, Maine Senate[22]

Carol Weston R, formerly Maine Senate[22][38]

Maryland[edit]

Gail Bates R, Maryland House of Delegates[38]

Donald Dwyer R, Maryland House of Delegates[28]

Adelaide Eckardt R, Maryland Senate[38]

Joseph Getty R, Maryland House of Delegates[28]

Jeannie Haddaway R, Maryland House of Delegates[22]

Andy Harris R, U.S. House of Representatives[37]

Michael Hough R, Maryland House of Delegates[6][28]

Susan Krebs R, Maryland House of Delegates[38]

Susan McComas R, Maryland House of Delegates[28]

Neil Parrott R, Maryland House of Delegates[28]

Christopher Shank R, Maryland Senate[6][25]

Tanya Shewell R, Maryland House of Delegates[38]

Nancy Stocksdale R, Maryland House of Delegates[38]

Richard Sossi R, formerly Maryland House of Delegates[39]

Massachusetts[edit]

Nicholas Boldyga R, Massachusetts House of Representatives[6]

Harriett Stanley D, Massachusetts House of Representatives[6]

Michigan[edit]

Richard Bandstra R, formerly Michigan House of Representatives and Michigan 3rd District Court of Appeals[25]

Dave Camp R, U.S. House of Representatives[38]

Bruce Caswell R, Michigan House of Representatives[63]

Alan Cropsey[64]

John Engler R, former Governor[48][65]

Kenneth Horn R, Michigan House of Representatives[22][25]

Kenneth Kurtz R, Michigan House of Representatives[63]

Matthew Lori R, Michigan House of Representatives[63]

Mike J. Rogers R, U.S. House of Representatives[37]

Tonya Schuitmaker R, Michigan Senate[6][25]

Minnesota[edit]

Bruce Anderson R, Minnesota House of Representatives[66]

Paul Anderson R, Minnesota House of Representatives[66]

King Banaian R, Minnesota House of Representatives[66]

Michael Beard R, Minnesota House of Representatives[66]

Mike Benson R, Minnesota House of Representatives[66]

Roger Chamberlain R, Minnesota Senate[28][66]

Matt Dean R, Majority Leader, Minnesota House of Representatives[38][66]

Connie Doepke R, Minnesota House of Representatives[66]

Steve Drazkowski R, Minnesota House of Representatives[25][38][66]

Sondra Erickson R, Minnesota House of Representatives[66]

Pat Garofalo R, Minnesota House of Representatives[66]

Chris Gerlach R, Minnesota Senate[66]

Gretchen Hoffman R, Minnesota Senate[66]

Michael Jungbauer R, Minnesota Senate[66]

Mary Kiffmeyer R, Minnesota House of Representatives, former Minnesota Secretary of State[6]

Warren Limmer R, Minnesota Senate[66]

Carol McFarlane R, Minnesota House of Representatives[66]

Pam Myhra R, Minnesota House of Representatives[67]

Gen Olson R, Minnesota Senate[66]

Mike Parry R, Minnesota Senate[66]

Erik Paulsen R, U.S. House of Representatives[38]

Joyce Peppin R, Minnesota House of Representatives[66]

Linda Runbeck R, Minnesota House of Representatives[66]

Ron Shimanski R, Minnesota House of Representatives[28][66]

Dean Urdahl R, Minnesota House of Representatives[66]

Kurt Zellers R, Speaker of the Minnesota House of Representatives[66]

Mississippi[edit]

Mark Baker R, Mississippi House of Representatives[28]

Charles Jim Beckett R, Mississippi House of Representatives[28]

Sidney Bondurant R, formerly Mississippi House of Representatives[38]

Nickey Reed Browning R, Mississippi State Senate[22]

Lester Carpenter R, Mississippi House of Representatives[22]

Lydia Chassaniol R, Mississippi State Senate[28]

Becky Currie R, Mississippi House of Representatives[38]

William Denny, Jr. R, Mississippi House of Representatives[25][44]

Jim Ellington R, Mississippi House of Representatives[6]

Harvey Fillingame R, Mississippi House of Representatives[25]

Joey Fillingane R, Mississippi State Senate[25][44]

Jeffrey Guice R, Mississippi House of Representatives[38]

Philip Gunn R, Speaker Mississippi House of Representatives[22][55]

Briggs Hopson R, Mississippi State Senate[25]

Thomas King R, formerly Mississippi State Senate[22]

Kevin McGee R, Mississippi House of Representatives[28]

Walter Michel R, Mississippi State Senate[23]

Alan Nunnelee R, U.S. House of Representatives[37]

Steven Palazzo R, U.S. House of Representatives[37][38]

Margaret Ellis Rogers R, Mississippi House of Representatives[28]

Elton Gregory Snowden R, Mississippi House of Representatives[25]

Gary Staples R, Mississippi House of Representatives[22][38]

Jerry Turner R, Mississippi State Senate[25]

Roger Wicker R, United States Senate[41]

Tommy Woods R, Mississippi House of Representatives[22]

Missouri[edit]

Sue Allen R, Missouri House of Representatives[38]

Jane Cunningham R, Missouri Senate[68]

Stanley Cox R, Missouri House of Representatives[25][44]

Cynthia Davis R, formerly Missouri House of Representatives, current candidate for Lt. Governor[38]

Scott Dieckhaus R, Missouri House of Representatives[68]

John Diehl R, Missouri House of Representatives[22]

Tony Dugger R, Missouri of Representatives[28]

Ed Emery R, formerly Missouri House of Representatives[22][38]

Sue Entlicher R, Missouri of Representatives[28]

Doug Ervin R, formerly Missouri House of Representatives[38]

Sam Graves R, U.S. House of Representatives[37]

Vicky Hartzler R, U.S. House of Representatives[37]

Dave Hinson R, Missouri of Representatives[28]

Tim Jones R, Majority Leader, Missouri House of Representatives[6]

Blaine Luetkemeyer R, U.S. House of Representatives[37]

Rob Mayer R, President Pro Tempore, Missouri Senate[25][34]

Cole McNary R, Missouri House of Representatives, current candidate for Missouri State Treasurer[38]

Kathleen Meiners R, Missouri House of Representatives[22]

Brian Munzlinger R, Missouri Senate[44]

Brian Nieves R, Missouri Senate[25]

Mike Parson R, Missouri Senator[28]

Therese Sander R, Missouri House of Representatives[38]

Rodney Schad R, Missouri House of Representatives[22]

Vicki Schneider R, Missouri House of Representatives[25]

Jason T. Smith R, Missouri House of Representatives[6]

Steve Tilley R, Speaker of the Missouri House of Representatives[28][34]

Billy Pat Wright R, Missouri House of Representatives

Montana[edit]

Dee Brown R, Montana House of Representatives[38]

Roy Brown R, former Majority Leader and Majority Whip Montana Senate, losing candidate for Governor of Montana in 2010 by 4 votes in a recount[38]

Sharon Carson R, formerly Montana Senate[25]

Kris Hansen R, Montana House of Representatives[44]

Dennis Himmelberger R, Montana House of Representatives[38]

David Howard R, Montana House of Representatives[25]

Llewelyn Jones R, Montana House of Representatives[22]

Steve Lavin R, MontanaHouse of Representatives[28]

Gary MacLaren R, Montana House of Representatives[6]

Tom McGillvray R, Montana House of Representatives[25]

Mike Miller R, Montana House of Representatives[38]

Michael More R, Montana House of Representatives[38]

Amy Stasia Perkins R, Montana Senate[25]

Lawrence Perkins R, Montana Senate[25]

Ken Peterson R, Montana House of Representatives[25][38]

Scott Reichner R, Montana House of Representatives[6]

Cary Smith R, Montana House of Representatives[38]

Nebraska[edit]

Pam Brown Nebraska Legislature[69]

Deb Fischer Nebraska Legislature, currently running for United States Senate as a Republican[22]

Ken Haar Nebraska Legislature[22]

Jeremiah Nordquist Nebraska Legislature[22]

Adrian Smith R, U.S. House of Representatives[38]

Jim Smith Nebraska Legislature[6]

Mike Johanns R, United States Senate[41]

Nevada[edit]

Barbara Cegavske R, Nevada Senate[6]

Don Gustavson R, Nevada Senate[28]

Paul Laxalt R, former Governor, Lt. Governor, United States Senator and 1988 candidate for President of the United States[48]

Dean Rhodes R, Nevada Senate[22]

James Settelmeyer R, Nevada Senate[38]

New Hampshire[edit]

Mary M. Allen R, New Hampshire House of Representatives[22]

Gary L. Daniel R, New Hampshire House of Representatives[6][23]

Robert Monier D, former President of the New Hampshire Senate[48]

William L. O'Brien R, Speaker, New Hampshire House of Representatives[55]

Amy Perkins R, New Hampshire House of Representatives[22]

Elaine Swinford R, New Hampshire House of Representatives[28]

Joseph Thomas R, New Hampshire House of Representatives[28]

Jordan G. Ulery R, New Hampshire House of Representatives[6][38]

Maurice Villeneuve R, New Hampshire House of Representatives[28]

Francine Wendelboe R, New Hampshire House of Representatives[38]

New Jersey[edit]

Mary Pat Angelini R, New Jersey General Assembly[21]

Richard Bagger R, former State Senator, now chief of staff to Governor Chris Christie R[70]

Christopher "Kip" Bateman R, New Jersey Senate[21]

Anthony Bucco R, New Jersey Senate[21]

Gerald Cardinale R, New Jersey Senate[21]

Rodney Frelinghuysen R, U.S. House of Representatives[37]

Scott Garrett R, U.S. House of Representatives[37]

Thomas Kean Jr. R, Minority Leader, New Jersey Senate, son of former Governor[37]

Frank LoBiondo R, U.S. House of Representatives[37]

Steven Oroho R, New Jersey Senate[6][21]

Jay Webber R, New Jersey General Assembly[6][21]

New Mexico[edit]

NM members of ALEC New Mexico Rod Adair R, no longer in New Mexico Senate[20] Janice Arnold-Jones R, no longer in New Mexico House of Representatives[17] Vernon Asbill R, no longer in New Mexico Senate[16] Paul Bandy R, New Mexico House of Representatives[16] Mark Boitano R, no longer in New Mexico Senate[17] Kent Cravens R, no longer in New Mexico Senate[17][23] Anna Marie Crook R, New Mexico House of Representatives[46] Stuart Ingle R, Minority leader New Mexico Senate[52] Dennis Kintigh R, no longer in New Mexico House of Representatives[20] William Payne R, Minority Whip New Mexico Senate[4] William Rehm R, New Mexico House of Representatives[23] William Sharer R, New Mexico Senate[46] Thomas C. Taylor R, New Mexico House of Representatives[52]

[44]

New York[edit]

James L. Buckley R, former United States Senator, Undersecretary of State for International Security Affairs and Appelllate Court Judge[48]

Owen H. Johnson R, New York State Senate[6][38]

Jack Kemp R, former United States Congressman, United States Secretary of Housing and Urban Development, 1988 candidate for President of the United States and 1996 Republican Nominee for Vice President running with Bob Dole, now deceased[48]

John M. McHugh R, United States Secretary of the Army, formerly U.S. House of Representatives[38]

North Carolina[edit]

Hugh Blackwell R, North Carolina General Assembly[25]

Harold Brubaker R, North Carolina General Assembly[4][25]

Justin Burr R, North Carolina General Assembly[28]

Debbie Clary R, North Carolina Senate[22]

George Cleveland R, North Carolina General Assembly[38]

Howard Coble R, U.S. House of Representatives[37]

Jesse Helms R, 5 terms in United States Senate, now deceased[48]

Walter Jones R, U.S. House of Representatives[37]

Daniel McComas R, North Carolina General Assembly[22]

Tim Moore R, North Carolina General Assembly[28]

Paul Stam R, North Carolina General Assembly[25]

Fred F. Steen, II R, North Carolina General Assembly[6][23]

North Dakota[edit]

John Andrist R, North Dakota Senate[28][38]

Rick Berg R, U.S. House of Representatives[37]

Randy Boehning R, North Dakota House of Representatives[25]

Alan H. Carlson R, Majority Leader North Dakota House of Representatives[6]

Bette Grande R, North Dakota House of Representatives[6]

Patrick Hatlestad R, North Dakota House of Representatives[28]

Craig Headland R, North Dakota House of Representatives[22]

Lawrence Klemin R, North Dakota House of Representatives[28]

Kim Koppelman R, North Dakota House of Representatives[25]

Karen Krebsbach R, North Dakota Senate[28]

David Monson R, former Speaker of the North Dakota House of Representatives[38]

David Nething R, North Dakota Senate[22]

Blair Thoreson R, North Dakota House of Representatives[22]

Dwight Wrangham R, North Dakota House of Representatives[25]

Ohio[edit]

John Adams R, Ohio House of Representatives[6][38]

Danny Bubp R, Ohio House of Representatives[38]

Ron Amstutz R, Ohio House of Representatives[39]

Steve Austria R, U.S. House of Representatives[37]

Peter Beck R, Ohio House of Representatives[22]

Louis Blessing R, Ohio House of Representatives[39]

John Boehner R, Speaker of the United States House of Representatives[37]

William Coley R, Ohio House of Representatives[25]

Tim Derickson R, Ohio House of Representatives[38]

Bob Gibbs R, U.S. House of Representatives[37]

Matt Huffman R, Ohio House of Representatives[25][39]

Jim Jordan R, U.S. House of Representatives[37]

John Kasich R, Governor[57]

Casey Kozlowski R, Ohio House of Representatives[28]

Frank LaRose R, Ohio Senate[28]

Robert Latta R, U.S. House of Representatives[37]

Ronald Maag R, Ohio House of Representatives[39]

Jarrod Martin R, Ohio House of Representatives[39]

Seth Morgan R, formerly Ohio House of Representatives, appointed to Ohio Retirement Study Council by Governor John Kasich [38]

Jean Schmidt R, U.S. House of Representatives[37]

Barbara Sears R, Ohio House of Representatives[38]

Bill Seitz R, Ohio Senate[4][25]

Steve Stivers R, U.S. House of Representatives[37]

Andrew Thompson R, Ohio House of Representatives[23]

Pat Tiberi R, U.S. House of Representatives[37]

Joe Uecker R, Ohio House of Representatives[23][38]

Lynn Wachtmann R, Ohio House of Representatives[39]

Oklahoma[edit]

Cliff Aldridge R, Oklahoma Senate[6]

Gary Banz R, Oklahoma House of Representatives[6]

Gus Blackwell R, Oklahoma House of Representatives[25]

Dan Boren D, U.S. House of Representatives[37]

Bill Brown R, Oklahoma Senate[38]

Tom Cole R, U.S. House of Representatives[37]

Mary Fallin R, Governor[55]

James Inhofe R, United States Senate[41]

Mike Jackson R, Oklahoma House of Representatives[22]

Lisa Johnson-Billy R, Oklahoma Senate[25]

Clark Jolley R, Oklahoma House of Representatives[28]

Frank Keating R, former Governor[47]

Sally Kern R, Oklahoma House of Representatives[38]

Frank Lucas R, U.S. House of Representatives[37]

Stephen C. Martin R, Oklahoma House of Representatives[22][28]

Michael Mazzei R, Oklahoma Senate[22]

Mark McCullough R, Oklahoma House of Representatives[25]

Jonathan Nichols R, Oklahoma Senate[25]

Ron Peters R, Oklahoma House of Representatives[38]

Pam Peterson R, Oklahoma House of Representatives[38]

Colby Schwartz R, Oklahoma House of Representatives[25]

Gary Stanislawski R, Majority Whip Oklahoma Senate[22]

John Sullivan R, U.S. House of Representatives[37]

Steve Tibbs R, Oklahoma House of Representatives[28]

G. Harold Wright R, Oklahoma House of Representatives[28]

John Wright R, Oklahoma House of Representatives[22]

Oregon[edit]

Katie Byre Brewer R, former Oregon House of Representatives[71]

Kevin Cameron R, Oregon House of Representatives[71]

Jason Conger R, Oregon House of Representatives[25][71][72]

Sal Esquivel R, Oregon House of Representatives[38][71][72]

Ted Ferrioli R, Oregon House of Representatives[71]

Tim Freeman R, Oregon House of Representatives[71]

Larry George R, Oregon House of Representatives[71]

Fred Girod R, Oregon House of Representatives[71]

Bruce Hanna R, Co-Speaker of the Oregon House of Representatives[38][71][72]

Wally Hicks R, Oregon House of Representatives[25][71][72]

John Huffman R, Oregon House of Representatives[71]

Mark Johnson R, Oregon House of Representatives[71]

Bill Kennemer R, Oregon House of Representatives[38][72]

Shawn Lindsay R, Oregon House of Representatives[28][72]

Mike McLane R, Oregon House of Representatives[71]

Dennis Richardson R, Oregon House of Representatives[71]

Kurt Schrader D, U.S. House of Representatives[38]

Sherrie Sprenger R, Oregon House of Representatives[71]

Kim Thatcher R, Oregon House of Representatives[71][72][73]

Jim Thompson R, Oregon House of Representatives[71]

Matthew Wand R, Oregon House of Representatives[25][71][72]

Gene Whisnant R, Oregon House of Representatives[6][38][71][72][73]

Matt Wingard R, former Oregon House of Representatives[71]

Pennsylvania[edit]

Matthew Baker R, Pennsylvania House of Representatives[74]

Charlie Dent R, U.S. House of Representatives[37]

Brian L. Ellis Pennsylvania House of Representatives[6]

John R. Evans R, Pennsylvania House of Representatives[22]

Michael Fitzpatrick R, U.S. House of Representatives[37]

James Gerlach R, U.S. House of Representatives[37]

Tim Krieger R, Pennsylvania House of Representatives[44]

Ronald Marisco R, Pennsylvania House of Representatives[38]

Bob Mensch R, Pennsylvania Senate[22]

Ron E. Miller R, Pennsylvania House of Representatives[22]

Joseph Pitts R, U.S. House of Representatives[37]

Todd Platts R, U.S. House of Representatives[37]

Tom Ridge R, Former Governor, resigned to become Secretary of Homeland Security[75]

Rhode Island[edit]

Jon Brien D, Rhode Island House of Representatives[6]

Paul Jabour D, Rhode Island Senate[22]

Francis T. Maher, Jr. R, Rhode Island Senate[6]

Robert A. Watson R, Rhode Island House of Representatives[22]

South Carolina[edit]

Thomas Alexander R, South Carolina Senate[6][38]

Jimmy Bales R, South Carolina House of Representatives[25]

Liston Barfield R, South Carolina House of Representatives[6]

Joan Brady R, South Carolina House of Representatives[22]

Chip Campsen R, South Carolina Senate[38]

Harry Cato R, Speaker Pro Tempore South Carolina House of Representatives[22]

Jeff Duncan R, U.S. House of Representatives[37]

Lindsey Graham R, United States Senate[41]

Nikki Haley R, Governor[76]

Bobby Harrell R, Speaker, South Carolina House of Representatives[44]

Larry A. Martin R, South Carolina Senate[44]

Harvey S. Peeler, Jr. R, Majority Leader, South Carolina Senate[44]

Mike Rose R, South Carolina Senate[44]

Tim Scott R, U.S. House of Representatives[37]

Garry Smith R, South Carolina House of Representatives[38]

Thad Viers R, South Carolina House of Representatives[25]

David Wilkins R, former Speaker of the South Carolina House of Representatives[76]

Kent M. Williams D, South Carolina Senate[22]

Joe Wilson R, U.S. House of Representatives[37]

South Dakota[edit]

Kristin Conzet R, South Dakota House of Representatives[23]

Bob Deelstra R, South Dakota House of Representatives[28]

Brian Gosch R, South Dakota House of Representatives[25]

Jon Hansen R, South Dakota House of Representatives[25]

Tom Hansen R, South Dakota Senate[22]

Roger Hunt R, South Dakota House of Representatives[25]

Phil Jensen R, South Dakota House of Representatives[38]

Stacey Nelson R, South Dakota House of Representatives[25]

Kristi Noem R, U.S. House of Representatives[37]

David Novstrup R, South Dakota House of Representatives[22][28]

Betty Olsen R, South Dakota House of Representatives[38]

Russell Olson R, South Dakota House of Representatives[22]

Deb Peters R, South Dakota Senate[6]

Valentine B. Rausch R, South Dakota House of Representatives[6]

Tennessee[edit]

Diane Black R, U.S. House of Representatives[37]

Marsha Blackburn R, U.S. House of Representatives[37]

Joe C. Carr R, Tennessee House of Representatives[28]

Vince Dean R, Tennessee House of Representatives[28]

Vance Dennis R, Tennessee House of Representatives[25]

Jimmy Eldridge R, Tennessee House of Representatives[38]

Joshua Evans R, Tennessee House of Representatives[28][38]

Dale Ford R, Tennessee House of Representatives[38]

Kelly Keisling R, Tennessee House of Representatives[25]

Brian Kelsey R, Tennessee Senate[25]

Jon Lundberg R, Tennessee House of Representatives[28]

Susan Lynn R, Tennessee House of Representatives[38]

Gerald McCormick R, Tennessee House of Representatives[22]

Steve McDaniel R, Tennessee House of Representatives[22]

Richard Montgomery R, Tennessee House of Representatives[22]

Mark Norris R, Majority Leader Tennessee Senate[25]

Barrett Rich R, Tennessee House of Representatives[25]

Charles Sargent R, Tennessee House of Representatives[23]

Tony Shipley R, Tennessee House of Representatives[28]

Curry Todd R, Tennessee House of Representatives[6]

Texas[edit]

Kevin Brady R, U.S. House of Representatives[37]

William Callegari R, Texas House of Representatives[38]

Byron Cook R, Texas House of Representatives[25]

John Culberson R, U.S. House of Representatives[37]

Allen Fletcher R, Texas House of Representatives[28]

Dan Flynn R, Texas House of Representatives[38]

Mike Hamilton R, Texas House of Representatives[25]

Kelly Hancock R, Texas House of Representatives[38]

Patricia Harless R, Texas House of Representatives[22]

Chris Harris R, Texas Senate[22]

Glenn Hegar R, Texas House of Representatives[28]

Harvey Hilderbran R, Texas House of Representatives[22]

Charles F. Howard R, Texas House of Representatives[6][22]

Todd Hunter R, Texas House of Representatives[25]

Jim Jackson R, Texas House of Representatives[6]

Eric Johnson R, Texas House of Representatives[28]

Sam Johnson R, U.S. House of Representatives[37]

Edmund Kuempel R, formerly Texas House of Representatives, now deceased[22]

Jodie Anne Laubenberg R, Texas House of Representatives,[38] Texas chapter president in 2013

Jerry Madden R, Texas House of Representatives[28][77]

Kenny Marchant R, U.S. House of Representatives[37]

Rob Orr R, Texas House of Representatives[78]

John Otto R, Texas House of Representatives[38]

Larry Phillips R, Texas House of Representatives[25]

Kel Seliger R, Texas Senate[6]

Todd Smith R, Texas House of Representatives[25]

Wayne Smith R, Texas House of Representatives[28]

Larry Taylor R, Texas House of Representatives[28]

Vicki Truitt R, Texas House of Representatives[22]

Utah[edit]

Curtis S. Bramble R, Utah Senate[6][38]

Wayne Harper R, Utah House of Representatives[22]

Gary Herbert R, Governor[55]

Chris Herrod R. Utah House of Representatives[6][38]

Todd Kiser R, Utah House of Representatives[22]

Dan Liljenquist R, resigned from Utah Senate to run for the U.S. Senate against Orin Hatch[79]

Wayne L. Niederhauser R, Utah Senate[6][38]

Stephen Urquhart R, Utah Senate[25]

Michael Waddoups R, Utah Senate[25]

Carl Wimmer R, Utah House of Representatives[38]

Vermont[edit]

Patrick Brennan R, Vermont House of Representatives[22]

Margaret Flory R, Vermont Senate[28]

Kathleen Keenan R, Vermont House of Representatives[22]

Kevin J. Mullin R, Assistant Minority Leader Vermont Senate[6]

Virginia[edit]

David Albo R, Virginia House of Delegates[28]

Kathy Byron R, Virginia House of Delegates[38]

Eric Cantor R, Majority leader, U.S. House of Representatives[37]

Benjamin Cline R, Virginia House of Delegates[28]

Mark Cole R, Virginia House of Delegates[38]

John A. Cosgrove, Jr. R, Virginia House of Delegates[6]

Randy Forbes R, U.S. House of Representatives[37]

Morgan Griffith R, U.S. House of Representatives[37]

William Howell R, Virginia House of Delegates[25]

William Janis R, Virginia House of Delegates[25]

Terry Kilgore R, Virginia House of Delegates[22]

L. Scott Lingamfelter R, Virginia House of Delegates[28]

James Massie R, Virginia House of Delegates[38]

Stephen H. Martin R, Virginia House of Delegates[6]

Thomas Norment R, Virginia Senate[22]

Christopher Peace R, Virginia House of Delegates[38]

Lacey Putney I (caucuses with R), Virginia House of Delegates[25][38]

Frederick Quayle R, Virginia Senate[38]

Frank Ruff R, Virginia Senate[38]

Beverly Sherwood R, Virginia House of Delegates[28]

Richard Tata R, Virginia House of Delegates[38]

Washington[edit]

Jan Angel R, Washington Senate[6]

Don Benton R, Washington Senate[6]

Linda Evans Parlette R, Washington Senate[25]

Doc Hastings R, U.S. House of Representatives[37]

Jaime Herrera Beutler R, U.S. House of Representatives[37]

Bill Hinkle R, Washington House of Representatives, retired[38]

Troy Kelly R, Washington State Auditor[28]

Cathy McMorris Rodgers R, U.S. House of Representatives[37]

Charles Ross R, Washington House of Representatives[28]

Matt Shea R, Washington House of Representatives[25][38]

Val Stevens R, Washington Senate, retired[22]

West Virginia[edit]

Eric Householder R, West Virginia House of Delegates[6]

Larry Kump R, West Virginia House of Delegates[25]

Joe Manchin D, United States Senate[41]

Wisconsin[edit]

Kathy Bernier R, Wisconsin State Assembly[28]

Alberta Darling R, Wisconsin State Senate[80]

Mike Ellis R, President of the Wisconsin State Senate[81]

Mike Endsley R, Wisconsin State Assembly[25]

Scott Fitzgerald R, Wisconsin State Senate, Majority Leader[28][80][82]

Glenn Grothman R, Wisconsin State Senate[80]

Chris Kapenga R, Wisconsin State Assembly[25]

Neal Kedzie R, Wisconsin State Senate[80]

John Klenke R, Wisconsin State Assembly[23]

Bill Kramer R, Wisconsin State Assembly[23][82]

Scott Krug R, Wisconsin State Assembly[28]

Mike Kuglitsch R, Wisconsin State Assembly[25]

Frank Lasee R, Wisconsin State Senate[80]

Mary Lazich R, Wisconsin State Senate[80]

Joe Leibham R, President Pro Tempore Wisconsin State Senate[83]

Terry Moulton R, Wisconsin State Senate[80]

John Nygren R, Wisconsin State Senate[83]

Jeff Stone R, formerly Wisconsin State Assembly[82]

Patricia Strachota R, Majority Leader of the Wisconsin State Assembly[82]

Chris Taylor D, Wisconsin State Assembly [84]

Travis Tranel R, Wisconsin State Assembly[28]

Robin J. Vos R, Speaker of the Wisconsin State Assembly[6]

Wyoming[edit]

Jon Botten R, Wyoming House of Representatives[23]

Bruce Burns, R, Wyoming Senate[25]

Richard Cannady R, Wyoming House of Representatives[25]

Cale Case, R, Wyoming Senate[22]

Amy Edmonds R, Wyoming House of Representatives[38]

Michael Enzi R, United States Senate[41]

John Hastert R, Wyoming Senate[28]

Peter S. Illoway R, Wyoming House of Representatives[6]

Allen Jaggi R, Wyoming House of Representatives[39]

Grant Larson R, Wyoming Senate[39]

Carl Loucks R, Wyoming House of Representatives[25]

Curt Meier R, Wyoming Senate[38]

Lorraine Quartberg R, Wyoming House of Representatives[28][39]

Lisa Shepperson R, Wyoming House of Representatives[25]

Tim Stubson R, Wyoming House of Representatives[28]

Clarence Vranish R, Wyoming House of Representatives[23]

Sue Wallis R, Wyoming House of Representatives[38]

Daniel Zwonitzer R, Wyoming House of Representatives[22]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "ALEC.org". 
  2. ^ Lambert, Brian. "ALEC declares itself exempt from public-disclosure laws, and is challenged". MinnPost. Retrieved October 27, 2013. 
  3. ^ "Board of Scholars". American Legislative Exchange Council. 2012. Retrieved April 21, 2012. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s "Board of Directors". American Legislative Exchange Council. 2013. Retrieved August 17, 2013. 
  5. ^ "Private Enterprise Board". American Legislative Exchange Council. 2012. Retrieved April 21, 2012. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs "State Chairmen". American Legislative Exchange Council. 2012. Retrieved April 21, 2012. 
  7. ^ "Task Forces; | ALEC – American Legislative Exchange Council". Alec.org, copyright 2013. Retrieved August 17, 2013. 
  8. ^ "Civil Justice; | ALEC – American Legislative Exchange Council". Alec.org, copyright 2013. Retrieved August 17, 2013. 
  9. ^ "Commerce, Insurance, and Economic Development | ALEC – American Legislative Exchange Council". Alec.org, copyright 2013. Retrieved August 17, 2013. 
  10. ^ "Communications and Technology | ALEC – American Legislative Exchange Council". Alec.org, copyright 2013. Retrieved August 17, 2013. 
  11. ^ a b "Education | ALEC – American Legislative Exchange Council". Alec.org, copyright 2013. Retrieved August 17, 2013. 
  12. ^ "Energy, Environment and Agriculture | ALEC – American Legislative Exchange Council". Alec.org, copyright 2013. Retrieved August 17, 2013. 
  13. ^ "Health and Human Services | ALEC – American Legislative Exchange Council". Alec.org, copyright 2013. Retrieved August 17, 2013. 
  14. ^ "International Relations | ALEC – American Legislative Exchange Council". Alec.org, copyright 2013. Retrieved August 17, 2013. 
  15. ^ "International Delegates | ALEC – American Legislative Exchange Council". Alec.org. Retrieved May 23, 2012. 
  16. ^ "Justice Performance Project | ALEC – American Legislative Exchange Council". Alec.org, copyright 2013. Retrieved August 17, 2013. 
  17. ^ "Tax and Fiscal Policy | ALEC – American Legislative Exchange Council". Alec.org, copyright 2013. Retrieved August 17, 2013. 
  18. ^ a b "National Education Report Card Ranks Massachusetts First, West Virginia Last | ALEC – American Legislative Exchange Council". Alec.org. January 24, 2012. Retrieved May 23, 2012. 
  19. ^ ALEC’s Guide to Advancing American Colleges and Universities: 10 Questions State Legislators Should Ask about Higher Education | ALEC – American Legislative Exchange Council
  20. ^ a b c Knickerbocker, Brad. "Trayvon Martin case leads to corporate exodus from ALEC". MinnPost. Retrieved May 30, 2012. 
  21. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah Star-Ledger file. "Some of Christie's biggest bills match model legislation from D.C. group called ALEC". NJ.com. Retrieved May 23, 2012. 
  22. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl cm cn co cp cq cr cs ct cu cv cw cx cy cz da db dc dd de df dg dh di dj http://www.commoncause.org/atf/cf/%7BFB3C17E2-CDD1-4DF6-92BE-BD4429893665%7D/telecommunications_&_information_technology_35-day_mailing%20San%20Diego.pdf
  23. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad http://www.commoncause.org/atf/cf/%7BFB3C17E2-CDD1-4DF6-92BE-BD4429893665%7D/cied_35-day_mailing_2011_annual_meeting%20New%20Orleans.pdf
  24. ^ a b c d e f g http://www.commoncause.org/atf/cf/%7BFB3C17E2-CDD1-4DF6-92BE-BD4429893665%7D/education_2011%20AZ%20snps_35-day_mailing.pdf
  25. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl cm cn co cp cq cr cs ct cu cv cw cx cy cz da db dc dd de df dg dh di dj dk dl dm dn do dp dq dr ds dt du dv dw dx dy dz ea eb ec ed http://www.commoncause.org/atf/cf/%7BFB3C17E2-CDD1-4DF6-92BE-BD4429893665%7D/1-35-day_mailing_civil-final%20new%20orleans2.pdf
  26. ^ a b "Ghostwriting the Law". Mother Jones. Retrieved May 23, 2012. 
  27. ^ a b c d e "ALEC | Private Sector Executive Committee". Web.archive.org. Retrieved October 27, 2013. 
  28. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl cm cn co cp cq cr cs ct cu cv cw cx cy cz da db dc dd http://www.commoncause.org/atf/cf/%7BFB3C17E2-CDD1-4DF6-92BE-BD4429893665%7D/pse_35-day_mailing_2011_annual_meeting%20new%20orleans.pdf
  29. ^ a b c "Prison Economics Help Drive Ariz. Immigration Law". NPR. Retrieved May 23, 2012. 
  30. ^ a b c "Yelp Joins With Advocacy Group ALEC to Fight SLAPP Lawsuits"
  31. ^ a b c d e f Hawkins, Beth. "Minnesota's Scantron becomes latest ed-related firm to quit ALEC". MinnPost. Retrieved May 30, 2012. 
  32. ^ http://heartland.org/sites/default/files/reportcard_18_edition.pdf
  33. ^ http://www.commoncause.org/atf/cf/%7BFB3C17E2-CDD1-4DF6-92BE-BD4429893665%7D/telecom&it_updated_35-day_mailing%20New%20Orleans.pdf
  34. ^ a b c Jason Hancock (April 17, 2012). "Study: ALEC has 'secretive influence' in Missouri statehouse - National Election Wire - The Olympian - Olympia, Washington news, weather and sports". The Olympian. Retrieved May 30, 2012. 
  35. ^ Posted: 05/ 3/2012 11:58 am (May 3, 2012). "Private Water Industry Defends ALEC Membership". Huffingtonpost.com. Retrieved May 30, 2012. 
  36. ^ http://www.boulderweekly.com/article-12131-alecrss-attack-on-renewables-arrives-in-colorado.html
  37. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb "U.S. House of Representatives | ALEC – American Legislative Exchange Council". Alec.org. Retrieved May 23, 2012. 
  38. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl cm cn co cp cq cr cs ct cu cv cw cx cy cz da db dc dd de df dg dh di dj dk dl dm dn do dp dq dr ds dt du dv dw dx dy dz ea eb ec ed ee ef eg eh ei ej ek el em en eo ep eq er es http://www.sourcewatch.org/images/6/6b/ALEC_Health_Care_letter_2009.pdf
  39. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae http://www.sourcewatch.org/images/3/3b/EPALetterforSenate.pdf
  40. ^ "Welcome to the Alabama State Legislature". Legislature.state.al.us. Retrieved October 27, 2013. 
  41. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Senate | ALEC – American Legislative Exchange Council". Alec.org. Retrieved May 23, 2012. 
  42. ^ [1][dead link]
  43. ^ "Internet Archive Wayback Machine". Wayback.archive.org. April 7, 2011. Retrieved October 27, 2013. 
  44. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o "Sunshine in State Attorney Contracts | ALEC – American Legislative Exchange Council". Alec.org. Retrieved October 27, 2013. 
  45. ^ "Biography of the Honorable Alan Clark, Arkansas State Senator". arkleg.state.ar.us. Retrieved December 6, 2013. 
  46. ^ http://www.arkleg.state.ar.us/assembly/2011/Member%20Profiles/Jason%20Rapert%20-%20Senate%20Bio.pdf
  47. ^ a b http://web.archive.org/web/20021029023442/http://www.alec.org/meSWFiles/pdf/2001_Annual_Report.pdf
  48. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "History - ALEC - American Legislative Exchange Council". ALEC. Retrieved October 27, 2013. 
  49. ^ Seitz, Alex (February 2, 2012). "Oops: Florida Republican Forgets To Remove ALEC Mission Statement From Boilerplate Anti-Tax Bill". ThinkProgress. Retrieved May 23, 2012. 
  50. ^ "ALEC Exposed, for 24 Hours". CommonBlog. Retrieved May 23, 2012. 
  51. ^ "Tale of Two Conferences". Wjhg.com. August 15, 2013. Retrieved October 27, 2013. 
  52. ^ "U.S. Congress". Bill Posey. Retrieved May 23, 2012. 
  53. ^ Meet Don :: State Senator Don Balfour[dead link]
  54. ^ a b ALEC and Georgia State Legislators gather to learn about Criminal Justice reforms | ALEC – American Legislative Exchange Council[dead link]
  55. ^ a b c d e "Rich States, Poor States | ALEC – American Legislative Exchange Council". Alec.org. Retrieved October 27, 2013. 
  56. ^ a b c d Davlin, Melissa (April 29, 2012). "4 Magic Valley legislators are members of ALEC : Twin Falls, Idaho news, sports, entertainment, jobs, classifieds and advertising". Magicvalley.com. Retrieved May 30, 2012. 
  57. ^ a b c "At Arizona gathering, ALEC teaches lawmakers how to turn conservative ideas into law". NJ.com. April 1, 2012. Retrieved October 27, 2013. 
  58. ^ "Report Card on American Education | ALEC – American Legislative Exchange Council". Alec.org. Retrieved October 27, 2013. 
  59. ^ http://www.desmoinesregister.com/article/20130828/NEWS03/308280030/1001/
  60. ^ "Alec Attacks Hcr". Scribd.com. July 6, 2009. Retrieved October 27, 2013. 
  61. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s By Phil CauthonKHI News Service (August 29, 2011). "A legislator's guide to repealing Obamacare | Kansas Health Institute". Khi.org. Retrieved October 27, 2013. 
  62. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l McGrew Real Estate 785-843-2055 (July 24, 2011). "Corporate-funded ALEC has strong ties to Kansas Legislature / LJWorld.com". .ljworld.com. Retrieved October 27, 2013. 
  63. ^ a b c McHugh, Jack (July 25, 2011). "Model Resolution Opposing Obamacare Exchange [Mackinac Center]". Mackinac.org. Retrieved October 27, 2013. 
  64. ^ "Prison Overcrowding | ALEC – American Legislative Exchange Council". Alec.org. Retrieved October 27, 2013. 
  65. ^ "ALEC-Inspired Bills Could Bar Defective Drug Lawsuits | Lawyers.com". JDSupra. Retrieved October 27, 2013. 
  66. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w http://www.parentsunited.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/02/1201_alec_exposed_in_mn.pdf
  67. ^ "National Association of Charter School Authorizers Issues Statement Regarding American Legislative Exchange Council". MarketWatch. Retrieved May 30, 2012. 
  68. ^ a b Clemens, Byron (May 10, 2012). "Columnists". M.stlamerican.com. Retrieved October 27, 2013. 
  69. ^ "4 senators leave council, citing 'extreme' agenda". Omaha.com. April 30, 2012. Retrieved October 27, 2013. 
  70. ^ Darryl Webb/For the Star-Ledger. "Kraft Foods, Coca Cola to discontinue membership in conservative ALEC group". NJ.com. Retrieved May 23, 2012. 
  71. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t Michelle Cole, The Oregonian (May 29, 2012). "ALEC in Oregon: Here's the list of 22 state legislator members". OregonLive.com. Retrieved October 27, 2013. 
  72. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Who’s promoting ALEC in Oregon?". our oregon. Retrieved October 27, 2013. 
  73. ^ a b http://www.leg.state.or.us/press_releases/thatcher_020309.pdf
  74. ^ "In PA: The Battle Against ALEC Rages On". PoliticsPA. May 16, 2012. Retrieved October 27, 2013. 
  75. ^ [2][dead link]
  76. ^ a b "South Carolina ALEC Member Literally Exempted ALEC From State Lobbying And Ethics Laws". Republicreport.org. Retrieved October 27, 2013. 
  77. ^ "Prison Overcrowding: Texas | ALEC – American Legislative Exchange Council". Alec.org. Retrieved October 27, 2013. 
  78. ^ "Rob Orr's Political Summary". votesmart.org. Retrieved February 19, 2014. 
  79. ^ Dan Liljenquist (August 15, 2013). "Dan Liljenquist: State solutions for government pension reform". Deseret News. Retrieved October 27, 2013. 
  80. ^ a b c d e f g http://www.onewisconsinnow.org/files/dump_alec_all_sens.pdf
  81. ^ http://www.onewisconsinnow.org/blog/WI%20Senate%20Republicans%20ALEC%20Membership.pdf
  82. ^ a b c d Name (required). "Extreme Mining Advocate & ALEC Member Rep. Knilans Promotes Mining Misinformation | Wisconsin Citizens Media Co-op". Wcmcoop.com. Retrieved October 27, 2013. 
  83. ^ a b SHAWN DOHERTY (March 27, 2011). "Vital Signs: State GOP health bills mirror model ALEC legislation : Ct". The Capital Times. Host.madison.com. Retrieved October 27, 2013. 
  84. ^ CHRIS TAYLOR, Democratic Assembly member from Madison (October 1, 2013). Wis State Journal. Host.madison.com http://host.madison.com/news/opinion/column/rep-chris-taylor-in-alec-s-underworld-democracy-is-a/article_ba371f6f-f61c-5169-baa9-1b42f355ae5c.html |url= missing title (help). Retrieved October 27, 2013.