List of mayors of Toronto

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Mayor of
Toronto
Toronto Flag.svg
Rob Ford Mayor.jpg
Incumbent
Rob Ford(on leave)

since December 1, 2010
StyleMayor, His/Her Worship
Member ofCity Council
Reports toCity Council
ResidenceNo Official Residence
SeatToronto City Hall
(Toronto, Ontario, Canada)
AppointerDirect election by residents of Toronto
Term length4 years/term
Inaugural holderWilliam Lyon Mackenzie
FormationMarch 6, 1834; 180 years ago (1834-03-06)
Salary$172,803 annual
(including $102,608 City Councillor's salary)
WebsiteToronto City website
 
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Mayor of
Toronto
Toronto Flag.svg
Rob Ford Mayor.jpg
Incumbent
Rob Ford(on leave)

since December 1, 2010
StyleMayor, His/Her Worship
Member ofCity Council
Reports toCity Council
ResidenceNo Official Residence
SeatToronto City Hall
(Toronto, Ontario, Canada)
AppointerDirect election by residents of Toronto
Term length4 years/term
Inaugural holderWilliam Lyon Mackenzie
FormationMarch 6, 1834; 180 years ago (1834-03-06)
Salary$172,803 annual
(including $102,608 City Councillor's salary)
WebsiteToronto City website

This is a list of mayors of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Toronto's first mayor, William Lyon Mackenzie was appointed in 1834 after his Reform coalition won the new City of Toronto's first election, and Mackenzie was chosen by the Reformers. Toronto's 64th and current mayor, Rob Ford, was elected on October 25, 2010.

History[edit]

From 1834 to 1857, and again from 1867 to 1873, Toronto mayors were not elected directly by the public. Instead, after each annual election of aldermen and councilmen, the assembled council would elect one of their members as mayor. For all other years, mayors were directly elected by popular vote, except in rare cases where a mayor was appointed by council to fill an unexpired term of office. Prior to 1834, Toronto municipal leadership was governed by the Chairman of the General Quarter Session of Peace of the Home District Council.

Through 1955 the term of office for the mayor and council was one year; it then varied between two and three years until a four-year term was adopted starting in 2006. (See List of Toronto municipal elections.)

The "City of Toronto" has changed substantially over the years: the city annexed or amalgamated with neighbouring communities or areas 49 times from in 1883 to 1967.[1] The most sweeping change was in 1998, when the six municipalities comprising Metropolitan TorontoEast York, Etobicoke, North York, Scarborough, York, and the former city of Toronto–and its regional government were amalgamated into a single City of Toronto (colloquially dubbed the "megacity") by an act of the provincial government. The newly created position of mayor for the resulting single-tier mega-city replaced all of the mayors of the former Metro municipalities. It also abolished the office of the Metro Chairman, which had formerly been the most senior political figure in the Metro government before amalgamation.

According to Victor Loring Russell, author of Mayors of Toronto Volume I, 14 out of the first 29 mayors were lawyers. According to Mark Maloney who is writing The History of the Mayors of Toronto, 58 of Toronto's 64 mayors (up to Ford) have been Protestant, white, English-speaking, Anglo-Saxon, property-owning males.[2] There have been two women (Hall and Rowlands) and three Jewish mayors (Phillips, Givens[3] and Lastman).

Art Eggleton is the longest-serving mayor of Toronto, serving from 1980 until 1991. Eggleton later served in federal politics from 1993 until 2004, and was appointed to the Senate of Canada in 2005. David Breakenridge Read held the post of mayor of Toronto for the shortest period. Read was mayor for only fifty days in 1858.

No Toronto mayor has been removed from office. Toronto's 64th and current mayor, Rob Ford, lost a conflict of interest trial in 2012, and was ordered to vacate his position; but the ruling was stayed pending an appeal, which Ford won to remain in office.[4][5] For unrelated reasons, Council stripped him of many powers the following year, transferring them to the Deputy Mayor.[6] On May 1, 2014, Ford started a leave of absence from the mayoralty to enter drug rehabilitation.

Original City of Toronto era[edit]

Appointed by City Council
No.MayorTook officeLeft office
1WilliamLyonMackenzie.jpegWilliam Lyon MackenzieMarch 27, 18341835
2Robert Baldwin Sullivan.pngRobert Baldwin SullivanJanuary 15, 18351836
3Thomas David Morrison.pngThomas David Morrison18361837
4Kane George Gurnett.jpgGeorge Gurnett18371838
5John Powell.pngJohn Powell18381841
6George Monro.pngGeorge Monro18411842
7Henry Sherwood.pngHenry Sherwood18421845
8William Henry Boulton.pngWilliam H. Boulton18451848
-George Gurnett
(2nd incumbency)
18481851
9John George Bowes.pngJohn George Bowes18511854
10Joshua George Beard.pngJoshua George Beard18541855
11George William Allan.jpgGeorge William Allan18551856
12John Beverley Robinson.pngJohn Beverley Robinson18561857
13John Hutchison.pngJohn Hutchison18571858 (resigned)
-William H. Boulton
(2nd incumbency)
1858November 8, 1858 (resigned)
14David Breakenridge Read.pngDavid Breakenridge ReadNovember 11, 1858December 31, 1858
Elected directly by the public
No.MayorTook officeLeft office
15Adam Wilson.pngSir Adam Wilson18591861
-John George Bowes
(2nd incumbency)
18611864
16Francis H. Medcalf, Mayor of Toronto, 1864-1866 and 1874-1875.jpgFrancis Henry Medcalf18641867
Appointed by City Council
No.MayorTook officeLeft office
17James Edward Smith.pngJames Edward Smith18671869
18Samuel Bickerton Harman.pngSamuel Bickerton Harman18691871
19Joseph Sheard.pngJoseph Sheard18711873
20Alexander Manning.jpgAlexander Manning18731874
Elected directly by the public
No.MayorTook officeLeft office
-Francis Henry Medcalf
(2nd incumbency)
18741875
21AngusMorrison23.jpgAngus Morrison18761878
22James Beaty.jpgJames Beaty18791880
23William Barclay McMurrich.pngWilliam Barclay McMurrich18811882
24Arthur Radcliffe Boswell.pngArthur Radcliffe Boswell18831884
-Alexander Manning
(2nd incumbency)
18851885
25William Holmes Howland.pngWilliam Holmes Howland18861887
26Edward Frederick Clarke.pngEdward Frederick Clarke18881891
27R. J. Fleming 1906.jpgRobert John Fleming18921893
28Warring Kennedy.pngWarring Kennedy18941895
-Robert John Fleming
(2nd incumbency)
1896August 5, 1897 (resigned)
29John Shaw.pngJohn ShawAugust 6, 18971899
30Ernest Albert Macdonald.pngErnest A. Macdonald19001900
31Oliver Aiken Howland.jpgOliver Aiken Howland19011902
32Thomas Urquhart.pngThomas Urquhart19031905
33Emerson Coatsworth.pngEmerson Coatsworth19061907
34Joseph Oliver.pngJoseph Oliver19081909
35George Reginald Geary.pngGeorge Reginald Geary1910October 21, 1912 (resigned)
36Horatio Clarence Hocken.pngHoratio C. Hocken19121914
37Mayor Thomas Langston Church.jpgThomas Langton Church19151921
38C. Alfred Maguire.pngCharles A. Maguire19221923
39Bill Hiltz Toronto.jpgW. W. Hiltz19241924
40Thomas Foster.PNGThomas Foster19251927
41Sam McBride.jpgSam McBride19281929
42Bert Wemp.jpgBert Sterling Wemp19301930
43William James Stewart19311934
44Mayor James Simpson 1935.jpgJames Simpson19351935
-Sam McBride
(2nd incumbency)
1936November 10, 1936 (died)
45William D. Robbins.jpgWilliam D. RobbinsNovember 18, 19361937
46Ralph Day.jpgRalph C. Day19381940
47Frederick J. Conboy19411944
48Robert Hood Saunders.jpgRobert Hood Saunders1945February 23, 1948 (resigned)
49Hiram E. McCallum.jpgHiram E. McCallum19481951

The Metro Toronto era (1953–97)[edit]

Beginning in 1953, Toronto was part of a federated municipality known as Metropolitan Toronto. This regional entity had the same boundaries as present-day Toronto, but consisted of the City of Toronto and 12 other municipalities, each with its own mayor and council. From 1953 to 1997, the most senior political figure in the Metropolitan Toronto government was the Chairman of the Municipality of Metropolitan Toronto (for a list of Metro Chairmen, see Chairman of the Municipality of Metropolitan Toronto). In 1967, (during the incumbency of William Dennison), an internal amalgamation eliminated the seven smallest municipalities in Metropolitan Toronto. Of these, the villages of Forest Hill and Swansea were amalgamated into the City of Toronto.

No.MayorTook officeLeft officePrior political experienceDeputy Mayor
50Lamport, AllanAllan LamportJanuary 1, 1952June 28, 1954MPP for St. David (1937–1943)
Toronto Board of Control (1950–1952)
N/A
51Saunders, Leslie HowardLeslie Howard SaundersJune 28, 1954December 31, 1954Alderman for North Bay (1918–1924)
Toronto School Trustee (1936–1938)
Alderman for Riverdale (1942–1945)
Toronto Board of Control (1949–1954)
Nathan Phillips
52Mayor Nathan Phillips wearing chain of office.jpgPhillips, NathanNathan PhillipsJanuary 1, 1955December 31, 1962City Councillor for St. Andrew (1926–1955)N/A
53Dean Summerville, DonaldDonald Dean SummervilleJanuary 1, 1963November 19, 1963 (died in office) [7]City Councillor for The Beaches (1955–1958)
Toronto Board of Control (1958–1961)
Philip Givens
54Givens, PhilipPhilip GivensNovember 19, 1963 (acting mayor, appointed permanently on November 25)[8][3]December 31, 1966City Councillor for York (1950—1958)
Toronto Board of Control (1960—1963)
President of City Council (1963)
Allan Lamport [3]
55Dennison, WilliamWilliam DennisonJanuary 1, 1967December 31, 1972Toronto School Trustee (1938–1941)
City Councillor for St. David (1941–1943)
MPP for St. David (1943—1945, 1948—1951)
Toronto Board of Control (1958–1963)
N/A
56Crombie, DavidDavid CrombieJanuary 1, 1973August 31, 1978City Councillor for Rosedale (1970–1972)Fred Beavis
57Beavis, FredFred BeavisSeptember 1, 1978November 30, 1978City Councillor for Riverdale (1961–1978)Anne Johnston
58Sewell, JohnJohn SewellDecember 1, 1978November 30, 1980City Councillor for Regent Park (1968–1978)Art Eggleton
59Art Eggleton 1.JPGEggleton, ArtArt EggletonDecember 1, 1980November 30, 1991City Councillor for Parkdale (1978–1980)N/A
60Rowlands, JuneJune RowlandsDecember 1, 1991November 30, 1994City Councillor for Toronto Centre (1976–1988)
Chairman of the Toronto Police Commission (1988–1991)
Alan Tonks
61Hall, BarbaraBarbara HallDecember 1, 1994December 31, 1997City Councillor for St. George-St. David (1985–1994)N/A

Post-amalgamation era[edit]

As of 1998, Metropolitan Toronto and all its municipalities were amalgamated into a single City of Toronto. The new Mayoral position shares its scope with the position it replaced, Chairman of the Municipality of Metropolitan Toronto.

The Deputy Mayor is appointed by the Mayor from among the elected members of the City Council.[9] The Deputy Mayor acts in place of the Mayor whenever the incumbent is unable to be present to perform his normal functions and duties, assists the Mayor, and serves as vice-chair of the city council's executive committee.

On November 18, 2013, city council removed most powers from the office of Mayor for the term of the current Council, including chairing the executive committee. These powers were given to the office of the Deputy Mayor, held by Norm Kelly at the time of the motion.[6] The action occurred after Mayor Rob Ford admitted to drug abuse. On May 1, 2014, Ford started a leave of absence for drug rehabilitation. Kelly took over the remainder of the Mayoral duties and powers at that time.[10]

No.MayorTerms of officeTook officeLeft officePrior political experienceDeputy Mayor
62Lastman, MelMel Lastman2January 1, 1998November 30, 2003Mayor of North York (1973—1997)[11]Case Ootes
63David miller points at paper.jpgMiller, DavidDavid Miller2December 1, 2003November 30, 2010City Councillor for Parkdale—High Park (1994–2003)Joe Pantalone
64Rob Ford Mayoral Candidates Forum June 2010 (crop).jpgFord, RobRob Ford-December 1, 2010May 1, 2014 (leave of absence)City Councillor for Etobicoke North (2000–2010)
InterimBlank.JPGKelly, NormNorm Kelly-May 2, 2014June 30, 2014Deputy Mayor of Toronto (2014-)N/A
64Rob Ford Mayoral Candidates Forum June 2010 (crop).jpgFord, RobRob Ford-June 30, 2014 (return from leave)IncumbentCity Councillor for Etobicoke North (2000-2010)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Derek Hayes. Historical Atlas of Toronto. pp. 90–91. ISBN 978-1-55365-290-8. 
  2. ^ Mark Maloney (January 3, 2010). "Toronto's mayors: Scoundrels, rogues and socialist". Toronto Star. 
  3. ^ a b c Globe Staff (November 26, 1963). "Givens Mayor by Unanimous Vote". The Globe & Mail (Toronto). p. 1. 
  4. ^ "Toronto Mayor Rob Ford to appeal his ouster". CTV News. November 26, 2012. Retrieved 2013-02-16. 
  5. ^ Ontario Superior Court of Justice, Divisional Court (January 25, 2013). "Magder v. Ford". CanLii. .
  6. ^ a b Mendleson, Rachel; Peter Edwards (November 18, 2013). "Rob Ford stripped of power as mayor by Toronto council". The Toronto Star. Archived from the original on March 7, 2014. Retrieved 2013-11-18. 
  7. ^ Globe Staff (November 20, 1963). "Heart Attack at 48: Stricken Playing Hockey, Mayor Summerville Dead". The Globe and Mail (Toronto). p. 1. 
  8. ^ Star staff (November 20, 1963). "Givens becomes Toronto's acting mayor". The Toronto Daily Star. p. 1. 
  9. ^ CP24 News Staff (August 19, 2013). "Coun. Norm Kelly appointed as Toronto's new deputy mayor". CTV News (Toronto). Archived from the original on March 7, 2014. Retrieved 2014-03-07. 
  10. ^ "Ford scandal: Mayor takes leave after lewd audio, alleged drug video emerge". 680 News (Toronto, Ontario). May 1, 2014. 
  11. ^ Star Staff (December 5, 1972). "Mel Lastman sweeps North York". The Toronto Star. pp. 1, 11. "All municipal elected officials that won in the 4 DEC 1972 election took office on 1 JAN 1973." 

See also[edit]

2010 Article on Mayors of Toronto by history writer Mark Maloney http://www.thestar.com/news/city_hall/2010/01/03/torontos_mayors_scoundrels_rogues_and_socialists.html

External links[edit]