Mayor of Boston, Massachusetts

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City Seal
The first Mayor of Boston
The former Mayor of Boston, Thomas Menino.

The Mayor of Boston is the head of the municipal government in Boston, Massachusetts. Boston has a mayor-council system of government. The Mayor’s Office is in Boston City Hall, in Government Center. There was no Mayor of Boston until 1822 because up to that point Boston was still incorporated as a town. (In Massachusetts, a town is typically governed by a town meeting.) The current mayor is Martin J. "Marty" Walsh.

Since 1952, the mayoral term has been four years.[1] There are no term limits.

Candidates for mayor do not run as members of any political parties. The two candidates with the highest number of votes in the preliminary election run against each other on the general election ballot.

This is a list of the mayors of Boston, Massachusetts. "A" denotes an acting mayor:

#MayorPictureTermPartyNotes
1stJohn PhillipsJohn Phillips First Mayor of Boston.pngMay 1, 1822 – May 1, 1823Federalist
2ndJosiah Quincy IIIJQuincyIII.jpgMay 1, 1823 – January 5, 1829Federalist
3rdHarrison Gray OtisHarrison Gray Otis Third Mayor of Boston.pngJanuary 5, 1829 – January 2, 1832Federalist
4thCharles WellsCharles Wells 4th Mayor of Boston.pngJanuary 2, 1832 – January 6, 1834Whig
5thTheodore LymanTheodore Lyman 5th Mayor of Boston.pngJanuary 6, 1834 – January 4, 1836Democratic and Workingmen parties[2]
6thSamuel T. ArmstrongSamuel Turell Armstrong.pngJanuary 4, 1836 – January 1, 1838Whig
7thSamuel A. EliotSamuel Atkins Eliot (politician) Picture.pngJanuary 1, 1838 – January 6, 1840Whig
8thJonathan ChapmanJonathan Chapman Mayor of Boston Image.pngJanuary 6, 1840 – January 2, 1843Whig
9thMartin BrimmerMartin Brimmer Boston's ninth Mayor.pngJanuary 2, 1843 – January 6, 1845Whig
AWilliam ParkerJanuary 6, 1845 – February 27, 1845Whig[3]From the close of Mayor Brimmer's term on January 6, 1845 until his successor Thomas Aspinwall Davis assumed office on February 27, 1845, William Parker, Chairman of the Board of Aldermen, performed the duties of mayor. Parker ran for mayor but lost to Davis in the election held on February 21, 1845.[3]
10thThomas Aspinwall DavisMayor TA Davis.pngFebruary 27, 1845 – November 22, 1845Native American Party[3]Died in office, November 22, 1845
ABenson LeavittNovember 22, 1845 – December 11, 1845WhigChairman of the Board of Aldermen served as Acting Mayor from November 22, 1845 to December 11, 1845.
11thJosiah Quincy, Jr.Josiah Quincy Jr.pngDecember 11, 1845 – January 1, 1849WhigAfter he was elected Mayor on December 8, 1845 for the term beginning January 5, 1846, Quincy was appointed by the City Council, on December 11, 1845, to serve out Mayor Davis' term.
12thJohn P. BigelowMayor JP Bigelow.pngJanuary 1, 1849 – January 5, 1852Whig
13thBenjamin SeaverMayor B Seaver.pngJanuary 5, 1852 – January 2, 1854Whig
14thJerome V.C. SmithMayor JVC SMITH.pngJanuary 2, 1854 – January 7, 1856Native American Party[4]
15thAlexander H. RiceAHRice.jpgJanuary 7, 1856 – January 4, 1858Republican and Citizens
16thFrederic W. Lincoln, Jr.Mayor FW LINCOLN.pngJanuary 4, 1858 – January 7, 1861Republican and Fanueuil Hall CandidateA Republican, in the 1857 election Lincoln was a so-called Faneuil Hall candidate; he was put forward by a group of citizens who had gathered at Faneuil Hall.[5]
17thJoseph WightmanMayorWightman.pngJanuary 7, 1861[6] January 5, 1863[7]Democratic[7]Two terms
18thFrederic W. Lincoln, Jr.Mayor FW LINCOLN.pngJanuary 5, 1863 – January 7, 1867[7]RepublicanSecond time
19thOtis NorcrossMayor Otis Norcross.pngJanuary 7, 1867 – January 6, 1868[8]Republican; former "Webster Whig"His time in office was "conducted upon purely business principles, employing the adoption of a 'rigid economy'." [9]
20thNathaniel B. ShurtleffMayor NB Shurtleff.pngJanuary 6, 1868 – January 2, 1871[10]DemocraticShurtleff, who had been the defeated Know-Nothing candidate in 1855, was elected mayor in 1867 as a Democrat.
21stWilliam GastonGovWilliamGaston.jpgJanuary 2, 1871 – January 6, 1873Democratic
22ndHenry L. PierceHenry L. Pierce - Brady-Handy.jpgJanuary 6, 1873 – November 29, 1873Non PartisanNormally a Republican, Pierce was elected mayor as an independent non-partisan candidate. Pierce resigned after he was elected to fill the vacancy in the United States House of Representatives caused by the death of William Whiting.
ALeonard R. CutterLeonard Richardson Cutter.pngNovember 29, 1873 – January 5, 1874DemocraticActing Mayor after Pierce resigns to serve in Congress.
24thSamuel C. CobbMayor SC Cobb.pngJanuary 5, 1874 – January 1, 1877Non Partisan
25thFrederick O. PrinceFrederick O. Prince Former Mayor of Boston.pngJanuary 1, 1877 – January 7, 1878Democratic
26thHenry L. PierceHenry L. Pierce - Brady-Handy.jpgJanuary 7, 1878 – January 6, 1879RepublicanSecond time
27thFrederick O. PrinceFrederick O. Prince Former Mayor of Boston.pngJanuary 6, 1879 – January 2, 1882DemocraticSecond time
28thSamuel A. GreenMayor S A Green.pngJanuary 2, 1882 – January 1, 1883Republican and Citizens
29thAlbert PalmerMayor Albert Palmer.pngJanuary 1, 1883 – January 7, 1884Democratic
30thAugustus P. MartinAugustus P. Martin Former Mayor of Boston.pngJanuary 7, 1884 – January 5, 1885Republican and Citizens
31stHugh O'BrienHugh O Brien Former Mayor of Boston.pngJanuary 5, 1885 – January 7, 1889DemocraticFirst Irish Mayor of Boston
32ndThomas N. HartThomas Norton Hart Former Mayor of Boston.pngJanuary 7, 1889 – 1890Republican
33rdNathan Matthews, Jr.Nathan Matthews Jr Former Mayor of Boston.png1891–1894Democratic
34thEdwin Upton CurtisMayor EU Curtis.png1895–1895Republican
35thJosiah QuincyJosiah Quincy 35thMayor.png1896–1899Democratic
36thThomas N. HartThomas Norton Hart Former Mayor of Boston.png1900–1902RepublicanSecond time
37thPatrick CollinsMayor PA Collins.png1902–1905Democratic
ADaniel A. WheltonMayor DA Whelton.png1905–1906DemocraticActing mayor after Collins died in office; First native born Irish Mayor; First Native Born Catholic Mayor
38thJohn F. FitzgeraldJ. F. Fitzgerald.jpg1906–1908Democratic
39thGeorge A. HibbardMayor G Hibbard.png1908–1910Republican
40thJohn F. FitzgeraldJ. F. Fitzgerald.jpg1910–1914DemocraticSecond time
41stJames M. CurleyJames Michael Curley in 1912.png1914–1918Democratic
42ndAndrew J. PetersAndrew James Peters 42nd Mayor of Boston.png1918–1922Democratic
43rdJames M. CurleyJames Michael Curley in 1922.png1922–1926DemocraticSecond time
44thMalcolm NicholsMalcolm E. Nichols former Mayor of Boston.png1926–1930RepublicanLast Republican elected to date.
45thJames M. CurleyJames Michael Curley.jpg1930–1934DemocraticThird time
46thFrederick MansfieldFrederick William Mansfield.png1934–1938Democratic
47thMaurice J. TobinMjtobin.jpg1938–1945Democratic
AJohn E. KerriganJohnKerrigan ca1930s Boston CityCouncil.png1945–1946DemocraticActing mayor after Tobin elected Governor
48thJames M. CurleyJames Michael Curley.jpg1946–1950DemocraticFourth time; jailed for 5 months during term
AJohn B. Hynes1947DemocraticActing mayor during incarceration of Curley
49thJohn B. Hynes1950–1960DemocraticThree terms
50thJohn F. Collins1960–1968DemocraticTwo terms
51stKevin H. WhiteKevin Hagan White.png1968–1984DemocraticFour terms
52ndRaymond L. Flynn2009 RayFlynn Boston.pngJanuary 2, 1984 – July 12, 1993DemocraticElected to three terms but resigned in the second year of his third term to become United States Ambassador to the Holy See.
53rdThomas M. MeninoThomasMenino.jpgJuly 12, 1993 – January 6, 2014DemocraticFive terms; longest-serving mayor to date; as President of the Boston City Council, became acting mayor in July 1993 following Raymond Flynn's appointment as United States Ambassador to the Holy See; elected to his first four-year term in November 1993
54thMartin J. "Marty" WalshMarty Walsh.jpgJanuary 6, 2014 – PresentDemocraticIncumbent; first term

Living former mayors[edit]

Currently, there are two living former Mayors of Boston, Raymond Flynn and Thomas Menino. The most recent mayor to die was Kevin H. White, on January 27, 2012.

NameMayoral termDate of birth
Raymond L. Flynn1984–1993(1939-07-22) July 22, 1939 (age 74)
Thomas M. Menino1993–2014(1942-12-27) December 27, 1942 (age 71)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.cityofboston.gov/archivesandrecords/facts/mayors.asp
  2. ^ Curry, Leonard P. (1997), The Corporate City: The American city as a Political Entity, 1800–1850, Westport, Ct: Greenwood Press, p. 96., ISBN 0-313-30277 Check |isbn= value (help) 
  3. ^ a b c Winsor, Justin (1881), The Memorial History of Boston, Including Suffolk County, Massachusetts 1630–1880., Volume III, Boston, MA: James R. Osgood and Company, p. 250. 
  4. ^ From Our Own Correspondent (January 5, 1868), BOSTON.; The City and Its New Mayor—The Past Mayors of Boston and Who They Were—Distress in the City—Personal., New York, NY: New York Times, p. 3 
  5. ^ Winsor, Justin (1881), The Memorial History of Boston, Including Suffolk County, Massachusetts 1630–1880., Volume III, Boston, MA: James R. Osgood and Company, pp. 262–263. 
  6. ^ Vrabel, Jim (2004), When in Boston: A Time Line & Almanac, Boston, MA: Beacon Press, p. 173 
  7. ^ a b c Vrabel, Jim (2004), When in Boston: A Time Line & Almanac, Boston, MA: University Press of New England (UPNE), p. 175 
  8. ^ A Catalogue of the City Councils of Boston, 1822–1908, Roxbury, 1846–1867, Charlestown 1847–1873 and of The Selectmen of Boston, 1634–1822 also of Various Other Town and Municipal officers, Boston, MA: City of Boston Printing Department, 1909, pp. 257–258 
  9. ^ In Memoriam: Otis Norcross. 1883, pp. 82 – 83.
  10. ^ A Catalogue of the City Councils of Boston, 1822–1908, Roxbury, 1846–1867, Charlestown 1847–1873 and of The Selectmen of Boston, 1634–1822 also of Various Other Town and Municipal officers, Boston, MA: City of Boston Printing Department, 1909, pp. 258–261 

External links[edit]