List of mammals of Romania

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The Eurasian lynx, Lynx lynx, is the national animal of Romania

This is a list of the mammal species recorded in Romania. There are 89 mammal species in Romania, of which 1 is critically endangered, 1 is endangered, 13 are vulnerable, and 4 are near-threatened.[1]

Geography of Romania

Carpathians (peaks)
Plains & Delta


Rivers (Danube)
Black Sea


The following tags are used to highlight each species' conservation status as assessed by the IUCN:

EXExtinctNo reasonable doubt that the last individual has died.
EWExtinct in the wildKnown only to survive in captivity or as a naturalized populations well outside its previous range.
CRCritically EndangeredThe species is in imminent risk of extinction in the wild.
ENEndangeredThe species is facing an extremely high risk of extinction in the wild.
VUVulnerableThe species is facing a high risk of extinction in the wild.
NTNear ThreatenedThe species does not meet any of the criteria that would categorise it as risking extinction but it is likely to do so in the future.
LCLeast ConcernThere are no current identifiable risks to the species.
DDData DeficientThere is inadequate information to make an assessment of the risks to this species.

Some species were assessed using an earlier set of criteria. Species assessed using this system have the following instead of Near Threatened and Least Concern categories:

LR/cdLower Risk/conservation dependentSpecies which were the focus of conservation programmes and may have moved into a higher risk category if that programme was discontinued.
LR/ntLower Risk/near threatenedSpecies which are close to being classified as Vulnerable but are not the subject of conservation programmes.
LR/lcLower Risk/least concernSpecies for which there are no identifiable risks.

Subclass: Theria[edit]

Infraclass: Eutheria[edit]

Order: Rodentia (rodents)[edit]

Northern birch mouse (Sicista betulina)
European hamster (Cricetus cricetus)
Common vole (Microtus arvalis)
Striped field mouse (Apodemus agrarius)

Rodents make up the largest order of mammals, with over 40 percent of mammalian species. They have two incisors in the upper and lower jaw which grow continually and must be keep short by gnawing. Most rodents are small though the capybara can weigh up to 45 kg (100 lb).

Order: Lagomorpha (lagomorphs)[edit]

European hare (Lepus europaeus)

The lagomorphs comprise two families, Leporidae (hares and rabbits), and Ochotonidae (pikas). Though they can resemble rodents, and were classified as a superfamily in that order until the early twentieth century, they have since been considered a separate order. They differ from rodents in a number of physical characteristics, such as having four incisors in the upper jaw rather than two.

Order: Erinaceomorpha (hedgehogs and gymnures)[edit]

The order Erinaceomorpha contains a single family, Erinaceidae, which comprise the hedgehogs and gymnures. The hedgehogs are easily recognised by their spines while gymnures look more like large rats.

Order: Soricomorpha (shrews, moles, and soledons)[edit]

Lesser white-toothed shrew (Crocidura suaveolens)
Eurasian water shrew (Neomys fodiens)
Common shrew (Sorex araneus)
European mole (Talpa europaea)

The "shrew-forms" are insectivorous mmmals. The shrews and soledons closely resemble mice while the moles are stout bodied burrowers.

Order: Chiroptera (bats)[edit]

Daubenton's bat (Myotis daubentonii)
Serotine bat (Eptesicus serotinus)
Lesser noctule (Nyctalus leisleri)

[[File::Pipistrellus nathusii.jpg|thumb|200px|Nathusius' pipistrelle (Pipistrellus nathusii)]] The bats' most distinguishing feature is that their forelimbs are developed as wings, making them the only mammals in the world naturally capable of flight. Bat species account for about 20% of all mammals.

Order: Cetacea (whales)[edit]

Harbour porpoise (Phocoena phocoena)

The order Cetacea includes whales, dolphins and porpoises. They are the mammals most fully adapted to aquatic life with a spindle-shaped nearly hairless body, protected by a thick layer of blubber, and forelimbs and tail modified to provide propulsion underwater.

Order: Carnivora (carnivorans)[edit]

Red fox (Vulpes vulpes)
Stoat (Mustela erminea)

There are over 260 species of carnivorans, the majority of which feed primarily on meat. They have a characteristic skull shape and dentition.

Order: Artiodactyla (even-toed ungulates)[edit]

Chamois (Rupicapra rupicapra)

The even-toed ungulates are ungulates whose weight is borne about equally by the third and fourth toes, rather than mostly or entirely by the third as in perissodactyls. There are about 220 artiodactyl species, including many that are of great economic importance to humans.


  1. ^ This list is derived from the IUCN Red List which lists species of mammals and includes those mammals that have recently been classified as extinct (since 1500 AD). The taxonomy and naming of the individual species is based on those used in existing Wikipedia articles as of 21 May 2007 and supplemented by the common names and taxonomy from the IUCN, Smithsonian Institution, or University of Michigan where no Wikipedia article was available.


See also[edit]