List of mammals of North America

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This is a list of North American mammals. It includes all mammals currently found in North America north of Mexico, whether resident or as migrants. It does not include species found only in captivity. Mammal species that went extinct in the last 10,000 to 13,000 years are included here. Each species is listed, with its binomial name. Most established introduced species occurring across multiple states and provinces are also noted. Some species are identified as indicated below:

ExtinctionExtinctionExtinct in the WildCritically EndangeredEndangered speciesVulnerable speciesNear ThreatenedThreatened speciesLeast ConcernLeast ConcernIUCN conservation statuses

Summary of 2006 IUCN Red List categories.

Conservation status - IUCN Red List of Threatened Species:

EX - Extinct, EW - Extinct in the Wild
CR - Critically Endangered, EN - Endangered, VU - Vulnerable
NT - Near Threatened, LC - Least Concern
DD - Data Deficient, NE - Not Evaluated
(v. 2013.2, the data is current as of March 5, 2014[1])

and Endangered Species Act:

E - endangered, T - threatened
XN, XE - experimental non essential or essential population
E(S/A), T(S/A) - endangered or threatened due to similarity of appearance
(selected only taxa found in the USA, the data is current as of March 28, 2014[2])

Didelphimorphia[edit]

Didelphidae[edit]

Cingulata[edit]

Dasypodidae[edit]

Glyptodontidae[edit]

Pampatheriidae[edit]

Pilosa[edit]

Megalonychidae[edit]

Jefferson's Ground Sloth

Megatheriidae[edit]

Mylodontidae[edit]

Rodents[edit]

Aplodontiidae[edit]

Castoridae[edit]

North American Beaver

Dipodidae[edit]

Erethizontidae[edit]

Caviidae[edit]

Geomyidae[edit]

There has been much debate among taxonomists about which races of pocket gopher should be recognized as full species, and the following list cannot be regarded as definitive.

Botta's Pocket Gopher

Heteromyidae[edit]

Ord's Kangaroo Rat

Sciuridae[edit]

Eastern Gray Squirrel
Black-tailed Prairie Dog
Woodchuck
Golden-mantled Ground Squirrel
Eastern Chipmunk

Muroidea[edit]

There has been much debate among taxonomists about which races of mice and voles should be recognized as full species, and the following list cannot be regarded as definitive.

Meadow Vole
Muskrat
Deer Mouse
Cactus Mouse

Lagomorphs[edit]

Leporidae[edit]

Black-tailed Jackrabbit

Ochotonidae[edit]

Primates[edit]

Soricomorpha[edit]

Talpidae[edit]

Star-nosed Mole

Soricidae[edit]

Short-tailed Shrew
Cinerous Shrew

Chiroptera[edit]

Vespertilionidae[edit]

Indiana Bat
Mexican Long-nosed Bat

Molossidae[edit]

Antrozoidae[edit]

Mormoopidae[edit]

Noctilionidae[edit]

Phyllostomidae[edit]

Carnivora[edit]

Felidae[edit]

Canidae[edit]

Gray Wolf

Ursidae[edit]

Procyonidae[edit]

Mustelidae[edit]

River Otter

Mephitidae[edit]

Otariidae[edit]

Odobenidae[edit]

Phocidae[edit]

Harbor Seal

Proboscidea[edit]

Physical reconstruction of a mammoth and a mastodon.

Elephantidae[edit]

Mammutidae[edit]

Perissodactyla[edit]

Equidae[edit]

Tapiridae[edit]

Cetartiodactyla[edit]

Camelidae[edit]

Tayassuidae[edit]

Bovidae[edit]

American Bison

Cervidae[edit]

Antilocapridae[edit]

Cetacea[edit]

Delphinidae (Oceanic dolphins)[edit]

Killer whales Orcinus orca
near Unimak Island,
eastern Aleutian Islands, Alaska

Monodontidae[edit]

Phocoenidae[edit]

Kogiidae[edit]

Physeteridae[edit]

Ziphiidae (Beaked whales)[edit]

Blue Whale Balaenoptera musculus

Eschrichtiidae[edit]

Balaenopteridae (Rorquals)[edit]

Manatee Trichechus manatus
Crystal River, Florida

Balaenidae[edit]

Sirenia (Sea cows)[edit]

Trichechidae[edit]

Dugongidae[edit]

Introduced Animals[edit]

Myocastoridae[edit]

Muroidea[edit]

Leporidae[edit]

Cercopithecidae[edit]

Felidae[edit]

Herpestidae[edit]

Canidae[edit]

Mustelidae[edit]

Equidae[edit]

Suidae[edit]

Bovidae[edit]

Cervidae[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species". International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources. Retrieved 16 June 2012. 
  2. ^ "Title 50: Wildlife and Fisheries, § 17.11 Endangered and threatened wildlife.". US Government Printing Office. Retrieved March 28, 2014. 
  3. ^ [1]
  4. ^ Hall, Stephen Austin (Aug., 1972). "Holocene Bison occidentalis from Iowa". Journal of Mammalogy 53 (3): 604–606. JSTOR 1379052. Retrieved 3 April 2014. 
  5. ^ "Search the Division of Mammals Collections". "Keywords: Mesoplodon peruvianus: STR 13453 Stranding, Skull, Salinas State Beach, Monterey Bay, California, 2001, STR 18334: Stranding, Photograph, Arcata, Humboldt County, California, 2012" 
  6. ^ Ruedas, L., Heaney, L. & Molur, S. (2008). "Rattus exulans". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 13 March 2014. 
  7. ^ Williams, J. Morgan (1973). "The Ecology of Rattus exulans (Peale) Reviewed" (PDF). Pacific Science (University of Hawaii Press) 27 (2): 120–127. ISSN 0030-8870. 
  8. ^ The State | Homepage
  9. ^ Development of the Morgan Island rhesus monkey col... [P R Health Sci J. 1989] - PubMed Result
  10. ^ [2]
  11. ^ Wolfe, Linda, Cambridge University Press (2002). Primates Face to Face. p. 320. ISBN 0-521-79109-X. 
  12. ^ [3]
  13. ^ [4]
  14. ^ [5]
  15. ^ [6]
  16. ^ [7]
  17. ^ [8]
  18. ^ [9]
  19. ^ [10]
  20. ^ [11]
  21. ^ [12]
  22. ^ Daniel Simberloff, Tamar Dayan, Carl Jones, Go Ogura (2000). "Character displacement and release in the small Indian mongoose, Herpestes javanicus". Ecology 81 (8): 2086–2099. Retrieved 4 April 2014. 
  23. ^ Hays, Warren (2000). Behavioral and Population Ecology of the Small Indian Mongoose (Herpestes Javanicus [Geoffroy 1818]) in Hawaiʻi. University of Hawaii at Manoa. 
  24. ^ a b c d e f g Bowers, Nora; Bowers, Rick; Kaufmann, Kenn (2004). Mammals of North America. Kaufman focus guides. New York: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. ISBN 0-618-15313-6. Retrieved 2014-04-04. 
  25. ^ a b c d EXOTICS IN TEXAS by: Max Traweek and Roy Welch. April 1992. Texas Parks and Wildlife Department. Reproduced From PWD-BK-W7000-206 5/92
  26. ^ "Domestic Cow - Mauna Kea Visitor Information Station". Mauna Kea Support Services / Mauna Kea Visitor Information Station. 2010. Retrieved 30 March 2014. 
  27. ^ "Introduction of Cattle - Hawaii History - The Paniolo". HawaiiHistory.org. 2014. Retrieved 30 March 2014. 
  28. ^ a b c Deal, Kevin (2010). Wildlife and Natural Resource Management (3 ed.). Cengage Learning. ISBN 1-4354-5401-4. Retrieved 2014-04-05. 
  29. ^ "Big Game Hunting Records - Safari Club International Online Record Book". Safari Club International. 2007-2014. Retrieved 2014-04-05. 
  30. ^ a b Cox, George W. (1999). Alien Species in North America and Hawaii. Washington DC: Island Press. ISBN 1-55963-679-3. Retrieved 2014-04-04. 
  31. ^ "Big Game Hunting Records - Safari Club International Online Record Book". Safari Club International. 2007-2014. Retrieved 2014-04-05. 
  32. ^ Timmins, R., Duckworth , J.W., Samba Kumar, N., Anwarul Islam, M., Sagar Baral, H., Long, B. & Maxwell, A. (2012). "Axis porcinus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 04 April 2014. 

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Nilgai - semi-free-ranging[25]/free-ranging[24].
  2. ^ For example feral Cattle in Hawaii: [26][27].
  3. ^ Gemsbok - free ranging.[28]
  4. ^ Blackbuck - free ranging.[29][28][24][25]
  5. ^ Barbary Sheep - free ranging.[24][25]
  6. ^ a b Alpine ibex - free-ranging: Florida Mountains near Deming New Mexico.[28]
  7. ^ Chital - free-ranging.[25]
  8. ^ Sambar - free ranging.[24]

External links[edit]