This is a list of North American mammals. It includes all mammals currently found in North America north of Mexico, whether resident or as migrants. It does not include species found only in captivity. Mammal species that went extinct in the last 10,000 to 13,000 years are included here. Each species is listed, with its binomial name. Most established introduced species occurring across multiple states and provinces are also noted. Some species are identified as indicated below:
- (A) = Accidental occurrence based on one or a few records, and unlikely to occur regularly.
- (E) = Extinct; any member of the fauna that died out between 13,000 years ago to present times.
- (Ex) = Extirpated; no longer occurs in area of interest, but other populations still exist elsewhere.
- (I) = Introduced population established solely as result of direct or indirect human intervention; synonymous with non-native and non-indigenous.
Summary of 2006 IUCN Red List categories.
Conservation status - IUCN Red List of Threatened Species:
- EX - Extinct, EW - Extinct in the Wild
- CR - Critically Endangered, EN - Endangered, VU - Vulnerable
- NT - Near Threatened, LC - Least Concern
- DD - Data Deficient, NE - Not Evaluated
- (v. 2012.1, the data is current as of June 19, 2012)
and Endangered Species Act:
- E - endangered, T - threatened
- XN, XE - experimental non essential or essential population
- E(S/A), T(S/A) - endangered or threatened due to similarity of appearance
- (selected only taxa found in the USA, the data is current as of June 8, 2012)
There has been much debate among taxonomists about which races of pocket gopher should be recognized as full species, and the following list cannot be regarded as definitive.
Golden-mantled Ground Squirrel
There has been much debate among taxonomists about which races of mice and voles should be recognized as full species, and the following list cannot be regarded as definitive.
Delphinidae (Oceanic dolphins)
- Beluga Delphinapterus leucas NT E (Cook Inlet subpopulation: CR)
- Narwhal Monodon monoceros NT
Ziphiidae (Beaked whales)
Manatee Trichechus manatus
Crystal River, Florida
Sirenia (Sea cows)
- Nutria Myocastor coypus (I) LC
African Wildcats, such as this one, have been introduced into North America.
- Kays, R.W., and Wilson, D.W., Mammals of North America, Princeton University Press, Princeton, 2002, ISBN 0-691-07012-1
- Burt, W.H., Grossenheider, R.P., The Peterson Field Guide Series: A field Guide to the Mammals North America north of Mexico., Third Edition, Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, New York, 1976, ISBN 0-395-91098-6
- Wilson, D. E., and Reeder, D. M. (eds) Mammal Species of the World, 3rd edition, Johns Hopkins University Press. ISBN 0-8018-8221-4.
- Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History Mammals of North America
- Nowak, Ronald M. 1999. Walker's Mammals of the World, 6th edition. Johns Hopkins University Press, 1936 pp. ISBN 0-8018-5789-9