This is a
list of North American mammals. It includes all mammals currently found in North America north of Mexico, whether resident or as migrants. It does not include species found only in captivity. Mammal species that went extinct in the last 10,000 to 13,000 years are included here. Each species is listed, with its binomial name. Most established introduced species occurring across multiple states and provinces are also noted. Some species are identified as indicated below: (A) = Accidental occurrence based on one or a few records, and unlikely to occur regularly. (E) = ; any member of the fauna that died out between 13,000 years ago to present times. Extinct (Ex) = Extirpated; no longer occurs in area of interest, but other populations still exist elsewhere. (I) = population established solely as result of direct or indirect human intervention; synonymous with non-native and non-indigenous. Introduced
Summary of 2006 IUCN Red List categories.
Conservation status -
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species: - Extinct, EX - Extinct in the Wild EW - Critically Endangered, CR - Endangered, EN - Vulnerable VU - Near Threatened, NT - Least Concern LC - Data Deficient, DD - Not Evaluated NE (v. 2013.2, the data is current as of March 5, 2014 ) [1 ]
Endangered Species Act: - endangered, E - threatened T , XN - experimental non essential or essential population XE , E(S/A) - endangered or threatened due to similarity of appearance T(S/A) (selected only taxa found in the USA, the data is current as of March 28, 2014 ) [2 ]
There has been much debate among
taxonomists about which races of pocket gopher should be recognized as full species, and the following list cannot be regarded as definitive.
Golden-mantled Ground Squirrel
There has been much debate among
taxonomists about which races of mice and voles should be recognized as full species, and the following list cannot be regarded as definitive. Human Homo sapiens sapiens ( H. sapiens: ) LC [3 ] Delphinidae (Oceanic dolphins) [edit ] Beluga Delphinapterus leucas NT (Cook Inlet subpopulation: E ) CR Narwhal Monodon monoceros NT Ziphiidae (Beaked whales) [edit ] Manatee Trichechus manatus
Crystal River, Florida
Sirenia (Sea cows) [edit ] West Indian Manatee Trichechus manatus VU E (ssp. manatus - Antillean or Caribbean manatee: , ssp. EN latirostris - Florida manatee: ) EN Introduced Animals [edit ] Nutria Myocastor coypus (I) LC See also [edit ] References [edit ] ^ "The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species". International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources . Retrieved 16 June 2012. ^ "Title 50: Wildlife and Fisheries, § 17.11 Endangered and threatened wildlife.". US Government Printing Office . Retrieved March 28, 2014. ^  ^ Hall, Stephen Austin (Aug., 1972). "Holocene . Bison occidentalis from Iowa" Journal of Mammalogy 53 (3): 604–606. JSTOR 1379052 . Retrieved 3 April 2014. ^ "Search the Division of Mammals Collections". "Keywords: Mesoplodon peruvianus: STR 13453 Stranding, Skull, Salinas State Beach, Monterey Bay, California, 2001, STR 18334: Stranding, Photograph, Arcata, Humboldt County, California, 2012" ^ Ruedas, L., Heaney, L. & Molur, S. (2008). "Rattus exulans". . IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2 International Union for Conservation of Nature . Retrieved 13 March 2014. ^ Williams, J. Morgan (1973). "The Ecology of Rattus exulans (Peale) Reviewed" (PDF). Pacific Science (University of Hawaii Press) 27 (2): 120–127. ISSN 0030-8870. ^ The State | Homepage ^ Development of the Morgan Island rhesus monkey col... [P R Health Sci J. 1989] - PubMed Result ^  ^ Wolfe, Linda, Cambridge University Press (2002). Primates Face to Face. p. 320. ISBN 0-521-79109-X. ^  ^  ^  ^  ^  ^  ^  ^  ^  ^  ^ Daniel Simberloff, Tamar Dayan, Carl Jones, Go Ogura (2000). "Character displacement and release in the small Indian mongoose, . Herpestes javanicus" Ecology 81 (8): 2086–2099 . Retrieved 4 April 2014. ^ Hays, Warren (2000). . University of Hawaii at Manoa. Behavioral and Population Ecology of the Small Indian Mongoose (Herpestes Javanicus [Geoffroy 1818]) in Hawaiʻi ^ a b c d e f g Bowers, Nora; Bowers, Rick; Kaufmann, Kenn (2004). . Kaufman focus guides. New York: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. Mammals of North America ISBN 0-618-15313-6 . Retrieved 2014-04-04. ^ a b c d EXOTICS IN TEXAS by: Max Traweek and Roy Welch. April 1992. Texas Parks and Wildlife Department. Reproduced From PWD-BK-W7000-206 5/92 ^ "Domestic Cow - Mauna Kea Visitor Information Station". Mauna Kea Support Services / Mauna Kea Visitor Information Station. 2010 . Retrieved 30 March 2014. ^ "Introduction of Cattle - Hawaii History - The Paniolo". HawaiiHistory.org. 2014 . Retrieved 30 March 2014. ^ a b c Deal, Kevin (2010). (3 ed.). Cengage Learning. Wildlife and Natural Resource Management ISBN 1-4354-5401-4 . Retrieved 2014-04-05. ^ "Big Game Hunting Records - Safari Club International Online Record Book". Safari Club International. 2007-2014 . Retrieved 2014-04-05. ^ a b Cox, George W. (1999). . Washington DC: Island Press. Alien Species in North America and Hawaii ISBN 1-55963-679-3 . Retrieved 2014-04-04. ^ "Big Game Hunting Records - Safari Club International Online Record Book". Safari Club International. 2007-2014 . Retrieved 2014-04-05. ^ Timmins, R., Duckworth , J.W., Samba Kumar, N., Anwarul Islam, M., Sagar Baral, H., Long, B. & Maxwell, A. (2012). ". Axis porcinus" . IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2 International Union for Conservation of Nature . Retrieved 04 April 2014. Kays, Roland W.; Wilson, Don E. (2002). Mammals of North America. Illustrated by Sandra Doyle, Nancy Halliday, Ron Klingner, Elizabeth McClelland, Consie Powell, Wendy Smith, Todd Zalewski, Diane Gibbons, Susan C. Morse, Jesse Guertin. Princeton and Oxford: Princeton University Press. ISBN 0-691-07012-1. Burt, William Henry (Text and Maps); Grossenheider, Richard Philip (Illustrations) (1976). A Field Guide to the Mammals. North America north of Mexixo. Peterson Field Guides (Third ed.). Boston, New York: Houghton Mifflin Company. ISBN 0-395-91098-6. Wilson, D. E.; Reeder, D. M. (eds.). (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. Mammal Species of the World ISBN 0-8018-8221-4. Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History Mammals of North America Nowak, Ronald M. Walker's Mammals of the World (6th ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. ISBN 0-8018-5789-9. Robert J. Baker, Lisa C. Bradley, Robert D. Bradley, Jerry W. Dragoo, Mark D. Engstrom, Robert S. Hoffmann, Cheri A. Jones, Fiona Reid, Dale W. Rice, and Clyde Jones (01 December 2003). "Revised checklist of North American mammals north of Mexico, 2003". (Museum of Texas Tech University) (229). Occasional Papers ISSN 0149-175X . Retrieved 9 March 2014. Notes [edit ] ^ Nilgai - semi-free-ranging /free-ranging [25 ] . [24 ] ^ For example feral Cattle in Hawaii: [26 ] . [27 ] ^ Gemsbok - free ranging. [28 ] ^ Blackbuck - free ranging. [29 ] [28 ] [24 ] [25 ] ^ Barbary Sheep - free ranging. [24 ] [25 ] ^ a b Alpine ibex - free-ranging: Florida Mountains near Deming New Mexico. [28 ] ^ Chital - free-ranging. [25 ] ^ Sambar - free ranging. [24 ] External links [edit ]