List of macronutrients

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This list shows the categorization of the most common food components by these macronutrients. Macronutrients can also refer to the chemical elements humans consume in the largest quantities, see Nutrient.

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Macronutrients that provide energy[edit]

There are four primary macronutrients defined as being the classes of chemical compounds humans consume in the largest quantities and which provide bulk energy. These are protein, fat, carbohydrate, and alcohol[1].

Protein[edit]

Amino acids[edit]

Fat[edit]

Saturated fats[edit]

Monounsaturated fats[edit]

Polyunsaturated fats[edit]

Essential fatty acids[edit]

These 2 essential fatty acids are the starting point for other important omega-acids (e.g. DHA, EPA)

Carbohydrates[edit]

Alcohol[edit]

Macronutrients that support metabolism[edit]

Water[edit]

Macrominerals[edit]

Dietary fiber and Probiotic[edit]

See also[edit]


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