List of monarchs in Britain by length of reign

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Victoria
63 years, 216 days
Elizabeth II
62 years, 305 days (as of 8 December 2014)
George III
59 years, 96 days
James VI of Scotland
57 years, 246 days
James I of England[1]
22 years, 3 days
Edward III of England
50 years, 147 days
William I of Scotland
48 years, 360 days
Llywelyn I of Wales
c. 45 years
Elizabeth I of England
44 years, 127 days
David II of Scotland
41 years, 260 days
Henry VI of England
First Reign
38 years, 185 days
Second Reign
162 days

The following is a list, ordered by length of reign, of the monarchs of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland (... Northern Ireland after 1927), the Kingdom of Great Britain, the Kingdom of England since A.D. 925, the Kingdom of Scotland since A.D. 1107, and the Principality of Wales from A.D. 1170.

Since 24 September 1896, Queen Victoria has had the longest reign of any king or queen in the various kingdoms of the British Isles.

Overall[edit]

#NameReignDuration
FromTo(days)(years, days)
1Victoria of the United Kingdom20 June 183722 January 190123,22663 years, 216 days
2Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom6 February 1952Present22,95162 years, 305 days
3George III of the United Kingdom25 October 176029 January 182021,64459 years, 96 days
4James VI of Scotland (I of England)24 July 156727 March 162521,06657 years, 246 days
5Henry III of England18 October 121616 November 127220,48356 years, 29 days
6Edward III of England25 January 132721 June 137718,41050 years, 147 days
7William I of Scotland9 December 11654 December 121417,89248 years, 360 days
8Llywelyn of Gwynedd119511 April 1240unknown45 years (approximately)
9Elizabeth I of England17 November 155824 March 160316,19844 years, 127 days
10David II of Scotland7 June 132922 February 137115,23541 years, 260 days

Post-Treaty of Union[edit]

United Kingdom[edit]

On 1 January 1801 the Kingdom of Great Britain united with the Kingdom of Ireland to become the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, later becoming the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland following the independence of the Republic of Ireland.

NameReignDuration
FromTo(days)(years, days)
Victoria20 June 183722 January 190123,22663 years, 216 days
Elizabeth II6 February 1952Present22,95162 years, 305 days
George III25 October 176029 January 182021,64459 years, 96 days
George V6 May 191020 January 19369,39025 years, 259 days
George VI11 December 19366 February 19525,53515 years, 57 days
George IV29 January 182026 June 18303,80110 years, 148 days
Edward VII22 January 19016 May 19103,3919 years, 104 days
William IV26 June 183020 June 18372,5516 years, 359 days
Edward VIII20 January 193611 December 1936326326 days

Great Britain[edit]

On 1 May 1707, under the Acts of Union 1707, the Kingdom of England united with the Kingdom of Scotland as the Kingdom of Great Britain.

The longest claimed reign was that of James Francis Edward Stuart (the "Old Pretender"), whose reign as King over the Water lasted 64 years, 3 months and 16 days as the Jacobite pretender to the thrones of England, Scotland and Ireland, then to the thrones of Great Britain and Ireland (17 September 1701 – 1 January 1766).

NameReignDuration
FromTo(days)(years, days)
George III[2]25 October 176029 January 182021,64459 years, 96 days
George II11 June 172725 October 176012,17933 years, 125 days
George I1 August 171411 June 17274,69712 years, 314 days
Anne[3]8 March 17021 August 17144,52912 years, 146 days

England[edit]

NameReignDuration
FromTo(days)(years, days)
Henry III18 or 19 October 121616 November 127220,482 or
20,483
56 years, 28 days
or 29 days
Edward III25 January 132721 June 137718,41050 years, 147 days
Elizabeth I17 November 155824 March 160316,19844 years, 127 days
Henry VI[4]31 August 1422
31 October 1470
n/a
4 March 1461
11 April 1471
n/a
14,065
162
Total: 14,227
38 years, 185 days
162 days
Total: 38 years, 347 days
Æthelred II[4]18 March 978
3 February 1014
n/a
25 December 1013
23 April 1016
n/a
13,065
810
Total: 13,875
35 years, 282 days
2 years, 80 days
37 years, 362 days
Henry VIII22 April 150928 January 154713,79537 years, 281 days
Charles II[5]30 January 16496 February 168513,15636 years, 7 days
Henry I3 August 11001 December 113512,90335 years, 120 days
Henry II
(co-ruler with Henry the Young King)
25 October 11546 July 118912,67334 years, 254 days
Edward I20 November 12727 July 130712,64634 years, 229 days
Alfred24 April 87126 October 89910,41228 years, 185 days
Edward the Elder27 October 89917 July 9249,02924 years, 264 days
Charles I[6]27 March 162530 January 16498,71023 years, 309 days
Henry VII22 August 148521 April 15098,64223 years, 242 days
Edward the Confessor8 June 10425 January 10668,61223 years, 211 days
Richard II22 June 137729 September 13998,13422 years, 99 days
James I[1]24 March 160327 March 16258,03922 years, 3 days
Edward IV[4]4 March 1461
11 April 1471
n/a
3 October 1470
9 April 1483
n/a
3,500
4,381
Total: 7,881
9 years, 213 days
11 years, 363 days
Total: 21 years, 211 days
William I12 December 10669 September 10877,56320 years, 258 days
Edward II7 July 130720 January 13277,13719 years, 197 days
Cnut30 November 101612 November 10356,92118 years, 347 days
Stephen[4]22 December 1135
1 November 1141
n/a
7 April 1141
25 October 1154
n/a
1,933
4,741
Total: 6,674
5 years, 106 days
12 years, 358 days
Total: 18 years, 99 days
John6 April 119919 October 12166,40617 years, 196 days
Edgar I1 October 9598 July 9755,75915 years, 280 days
Æthelstan2 August 924
(or 925)
27 October 9395,564 or
5,199
15 years, 86 days
or 14 years, 86 days
Henry IV29 September 139920 March 14134,92013 years, 172 days
William III[7]
(co-ruler with Mary II)
13 February 16898 March 17024,77013 years, 23 days
Henry the Young King
(co-ruler with Henry II)
14 June 117011 June 11834,74512 years, 362 days
William II9 September 10872 August 11004,71012 years, 327 days
Anne[3]8 March 17021 August 17144,52912 years, 146 days
Richard I6 July 11896 April 11993,5619 years, 274 days
Eadred26 May 94623 November 9553,4689 years, 181 days
Henry V21 March 141331 August 14223,4509 years, 163 days
Edmund I27 October 93926 May 9462,4036 years, 211 days
Edward VI28 January 15476 July 15532,3516 years, 159 days
Mary II[8]
(co-ruler with William III)
13 February 168928 December 16942,1445 years, 318 days
Mary I
(co-ruler with Philip)
19 July 155317 November 15581,9475 years, 121 days
Philip
(co-ruler with Mary I)
25 July 155417 November 15581,5764 years, 115 days
Eadwig23 November 9551 October 9591,4083 years, 312 days
James II[9]6 February 168511 December 16881,4043 years, 309 days
Edward the Martyr9 July 97518 March 9789842 years, 253 days
Harold I12 November 103717 March 10408562 years, 126 days
Harthacnut17 March 10408 June 10428132 years, 83 days
Richard III26 June 148322 August 14857882 years, 57 days
Louis (disputed)14 June 121622 September 12174651 year, 100 days
Harold II5 January 106614 October 1066282282 days
Edmund II23 April 101630 November 1016221221 days
Matilda (disputed)7 April 11411 November 1141208208 days
Edward V9 April 148326 June 14837878 days
Edgar II15 October 106617 December 10666363 days
Sweyn Forkbeard25 December 10133 February 10144040 days
Jane (disputed)10 July 155319 July 155399 days

Scotland[edit]

The longest claimed reign was that of James Francis Edward Stuart (the "Old Pretender"), whose pretence lasted 64 years, 3 months and 16 days as the Jacobite pretender to the thrones of England, Scotland and Ireland (17 September 1701 – 1 January 1766).

NameReignDuration
FromTo(days)(years, days)
James VI[1]24 July 156727 March 162521,06657 years, 246 days
William I9 December 11654 December 121417,89248 years, 360 days
David II7 June 132922 February 137115,23541 years, 260 days
Alexander III6 July 124919 March 128613,40536 years, 256 days
Malcolm III17 March 105813 November 109313,02535 years, 241 days
Alexander II4 December 12146 July 124912,63334 years, 214 days
James I4 April 140621 February 143711,28130 years, 323 days
James V9 September 151314 December 154210,68829 years, 96 days
David I23 April 112424 May 115310,62329 years, 31 days
James III3 August 146011 June 148810,17427 years, 313 days
Charles II[5]30 January 1649
29 May 1660
n/a
3 September 1651
6 February 1685
n/a
946
9,019
Total: 9,965
2 years, 216 days
24 years, 253 days
Total: 27 years, 104 days
James IV11 June 14889 September 15139,22025 years, 90 days
Mary I14 December 154224 July 15678,98824 years, 222 days
Charles I[6]27 March 162530 January 16498,71023 years, 309 days
James II21 February 14373 August 14608,56423 years, 164 days
Robert I25 March 13067 June 13298,47523 years, 74 days
Robert II22 February 137119 April 13906,99619 years, 56 days
Alexander I8 January 110723 April 11246,31517 years, 106 days
Robert III19 April 13904 April 14065,82815 years, 350 days
William II[7]11 May 16898 March 17024,68312 years, 301 days
Anne[3]8 March 17021 August 17144,52912 years, 146 days
Malcolm IV24 May 11539 December 11654,58212 years, 199 days
Mary II[8]11 May 168928 December 16942,0575 years, 231 days
James VII[9]6 February 168511 December 1688
claimed until 16 September 1701
1,404
6,065 claimed
3 years, 309 days
16 years, 222 days claimed
John Balliol17 November 129210 July 12961,3313 years, 236 days

Wales[edit]

NameReignDuration
FromTo(days)(years, days)
Llywelyn the Great119511 April 1240unknownc. 45 years
Owain Gwynedd11371170unknownc. 33 years
Llywelyn ap Gruffudd125311 December 1282unknownc. 29 years
Dafydd ab Owain Gwynedd11701195unknownc. 25 years
Owain Glyndŵr (disputed)16 September 1400c. 1416unknownc. 16 years
Owain Goch ap Gruffydd26 February 12461253unknownc. 7 years
Owain Lawgoch (disputed)May 1372July 1378unknownc. 6 years
Dafydd ap Llywelyn12 April 124025 February 12462,1455 years, 319 days
Dafydd ap Gruffydd12 December 12823 October 1283295295 days

Elizabeth II[edit]

Queen Elizabeth II marked her Diamond Jubilee (sixty years on the throne) on 6 February 2012, at the age of 85 years, 291 days.

Should she still be reigning on—

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c James VI, King of Scots, became James I, King of England, in 1603.
  2. ^ George III, King of Great Britain, became King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland in 1801.
  3. ^ a b c Anne, Queen of England and Queen of Scots, became Queen of Great Britain in 1707.
  4. ^ a b c d Monarch's total length of reign is the sum of the two reigns displayed.
  5. ^ a b Charles II King of England and King of Scots concurrently from 30 January 1649 to 6 February 1685.
  6. ^ a b Charles I was King of England and King of Scots concurrently.
  7. ^ a b William of Orange became William III, King of England, on 13 February 1689 and William II, King of Scots, on 11 May 1689.
  8. ^ a b Mary II became Queen of England on 13 February 1689 and Queen of Scots on 11 May 1689.
  9. ^ a b James was James II, King of England, and James VII, King of Scots, concurrently.