Boston Light, the oldest light station and second oldest lighthouse structure in the USA.
Charleston Light, the last manned lighthouse built on shore in the United States
This is a
list of lighthouses in the United States. The United States has had approximately a thousand lights as well as light towers, range lights, and pier head lights. Michigan has the most lights of any state with over 150 past and present lights.
Most of the lights in the United States have been built and maintained by the
Coast Guard (since 1939) and its predecessors, the United States Lighthouse Service (1910–1939) and the United States Lighthouse Board (1852–1910). Before the Lighthouse Board was established, local collectors of customs were responsible for lighthouses under Stephen Pleasonton. As their importance to navigation has declined and as public interest in them has increased, the Coast Guard has been handing over ownership and in some cases responsibility for running them to other parties, the chief of them being the National Park Service under the National Historic Lighthouse Preservation Act of 2000. Alabama [edit source | edit ] Alaska [edit source | edit ] "Historic Light Station Information and Photography: Alaska". United States Coast Guard Historian's Office. Cape Decision Light, Kuiu Island Cape Hinchinbrook Light, Prince William Sound Cape St. Elias Light, Kayak Island Cape Sarichef Light, Unimak pass through Aleutian islands Cape Spencer Light, Cross Sound Eldred Rock Light, Lynn Canal Fairway Island Light, Peril Strait Five Finger Islands Light, Frederick Sound Guard Island Light, Clarence Strait Lincoln Rocks Light, Clarence Strait Mary Island Light, Mary Island Point Retreat Light, Admiralty Island Point Sherman Light, Lynn Canal Scotch Cap Light, Unimak Island Sentinel Island Light, Lynn Canal Tree Point Light, Revillagigedo Channel Arizona [edit source | edit ]
Lake Havasu Lighthouse Club is in the process of building lighthouses on Lake Havasu which is part of the Colorado River. These lighthouses are 17 to 30 feet replicas of famous lighthouses. In order of dedication date, they are: Lake Havasu Marina West Quoddy, June 30, 2002 Cape Hatteras Light replica, October 27, 2002 Robert R. Manning, February 2, 2003 Main Buffalo, October 26, 2003 Split Rock, January 4, 2004 Currituck, October 31, 2004 Sandy Hook, Complete, not dedicated Vermillion, October 29, 2005 Table Bluff, May 2, 2006 East Quoddy, September 17, 2006 Boston Light, Future Mount Desert Rock, Future Alpena, Future Berwick, Future Bernegat, Future California [edit source | edit ] "Historic Light Station Information and Photography: California". United States Coast Guard Historian's Office.
East Brother Island Light
Alcatraz Island Light, San Francisco Anacapa Island Light, entrance to Santa Barbara Channel Angel Island Light, see Point Blunt Light or Point Stuart Light Año Nuevo Island Light Ballast Point Light, Point Loma, San Diego Harbor entrance Battery Point Light, Crescent City Cape Mendocino Light Carquinez Strait Light, near Vallejo East Brother Island Light, Richmond, off Point San Pablo Farallon Island Light, Southeast Farallon Island Fort Point Light, entrance to San Francisco Harbor, directly beneath the south anchorage of the Golden Gate Bridge Humboldt Harbor Light Lime Point Light, entrance of San Francisco Bay, adjacent to the north end of the Golden Gate Bridge, Sausalito Long Beach Light Los Angeles Harbor Light, San Pedro Breakwater, Angels Gate Mare Island Light, north shore of San Pablo Bay at the entrance to Carquinez Strait; nearest town or city is Vallejo Mark Abbott Memorial Light, Santa Cruz Mile Rocks Light, southwest of the Golden Gate Bridge Oakland Harbor Light, Embarcadero Cove, Oakland Piedras Blancas Light, northern entrance to San Simeon bay Pigeon Point Light, Pescadero, southern approach to San Francisco Bay Point Arena Light, two miles north of Point Arena Point Arguello Light, Santa Barbara Channel Point Blunt Light, Angel Island, San Francisco Bay Point Bonita Light, Marin Headlands, San Francisco Bay entrance near Sausalito Point Cabrillo Light, Mendocino, between Point Arena and Cape Mendocino Point Conception Light, Point Conception Point Diablo Light, west of the Golden Gate Bridge Point Fermin Light, San Pedro Point Hueneme Light, Santa Barbara Channel Point Knox Light Point Loma Light (old), San Diego Point Loma Light (new), San Diego Point Montara Light Point Pinos Light, Pacific Grove Point Reyes Light, Point Reyes Point San Luis Light, near San Luis Obispo, Avila Beach, and Diablo Canyon Power Plant Point Stuart Light  Angel Island San Francisco California Point Sur Light Point Vicente Light, Palos Verdes Punta Gorda Light, south of Cape Mendocino Roe Island Light, Suisun Bay Rubicon Point Light, Lake Tahoe; highest elevation American lighthouse Santa Barbara Light Santa Cruz Breakwater Light Santa Cruz Harbor Light (see Walton Light) Southampton Shoal Light, in San Francisco Bay St. George Reef Light, near Crescent City Sugar Pine Point Light, Lake Tahoe Table Bluff Light, Humboldt Bay Trinidad Head Light Walton Light (also known as Santa Cruz Harbor Light), Santa Cruz Yerba Buena Light, in San Francisco Bay Connecticut [edit source | edit ] "Historic Light Station Information and Photography: Connecticut". United States Coast Guard Historian's Office. Avery Point Light, Groton Black Rock Harbor Light, Black Rock Harbor Bridgeport Harbor Light, Long Island Sound Falkner Island Light, Guilford Five Mile Point (Old New Haven), Long Island Sound Great Captain Island Light, Greenwich Greens Ledge Light, Norwalk Lynde Point Light (Saybrook Inner), Long Island Sound Morgan Point Light, Noank Mystic Seaport Light, Mystic New London Harbor Light, New London New London Ledge Light, New London Pecks Ledge Light, Norwalk Penfield Reef Light, Fairfield Saybrook Breakwater Light (Saybrook Outer), Old Saybrook Sheffield Island Light, Norwalk Southwest Ledge Light (New Haven Breakwater), New Haven Stamford Harbor Ledge Light (Chatham Rocks), Stamford Stonington Harbor Light, Stonington Stratford Point Light, Stratford Stratford Shoal Light, Bridgeport Tongue Point Light (Bridgeport Breakwater), Bridgeport Delaware [edit source | edit ] "Historic Light Station Information and Photography: Delaware". United States Coast Guard Historian's Office. Baker Shoal Range Rear Light, Port Penn Baker Shoal Range Front Light, Port Penn Bellevue Range Rear Light, Wilmington Cape Henlopen Light, Lewes Cherry Island Range Rear Light, near Edgemoor Christiana North Jetty Light, near Wilmington Delaware Breakwater West End Light, Lewes Delaware Breakwater East End Light, Lewes Delaware Breakwater Range Front Light, Lewes Fenwick Island Light, Fenwick Island Fourteen Foot Bank Light, in the Delaware Bay, off Bowers Beach Harbor of Refuge Light, Lewes Liston Range Rear Light, Delaware River Liston Range Front Light, Delaware River Mahon River Light, Port Mahon Marcus Hook Range Rear Light, near Bellefonte Marcus Hook Range Front Light, near Bellefonte Mispillion Light, on the Mispillion River New Castle Range Rear Light, near New Castle New Castle Range Front Light, near New Castle Reedy Island Range Rear Light, near Port Penn Florida [edit source | edit ] Alligator Reef Light, near Indian Key (1873) (still in use) Amelia Island Light, Fernandina Beach (1820) (still in use) ( U.S. Coast Guard housing) Amelia Island North Range Light, Amelia Island American Shoal Light, near Florida Keys (1880) (still in use) Anclote Keys Light, near Tarpon Springs (1887) Boca Grande Light - please see Gasparilla Island Light Cape Canaveral Light, Cape Canaveral (1868) (still in use) Cape Florida Light, Key Biscayne (1846) (museum) Cape San Blas Light (1885) Carysfort Reef Light, near Key Largo (1852) (still in use) Cape St. George Light, St. George Island (1852) Cedar Key Light, Seahorse Key, near Cedar Key (1854) (marine laboratory) Charlotte Harbor Light Cosgrove Shoal Light - please see Unmanned reef lights of the Florida Keys Crooked River Light, near Carrabelle (1895) Dames Point Light, St. Johns River Dog Island Light Dry Tortugas Light, Loggerhead Key, Dry Tortugas (1858) (still in use) Egmont Key Light, Tampa Bay (1858) (still in use) Fowey Rocks Light, off Key Biscayne (1878) (still in use) Garden Key Light, Fort Jefferson (1876) Gasparilla Island Lights, Boca Grande (1890) (still in use) (museum) Hen and Chickens Shoal Light - please see Unmanned reef lights of the Florida Keys Hillsboro Inlet Light, Pompano Beach (1907) (still in use) (Coast Guard housing) Jupiter Inlet Light, Jupiter (1860) (still in use) (museum) Key West Light, Key West (1846) (museum) Loggerhead Key Light - please see Dry Tortugas Light Molasses Reef Light - please see Unmanned reef lights of the Florida Keys Northwest Passage Light, near Key West Pacific Reef Light - please see Unmanned reef lights of the Florida Keys Pensacola Light, Pensacola Bay (1859) (still in use) Pensacola Bar Beacon - please see Pensacola Light Ponce de Leon Inlet Light, town of Ponce Inlet (1887) (still in use) (museum) Port Boca Grande Light - please see Gasparilla Island Light Pulaski Shoal Light - please see Unmanned reef lights of the Florida Keys Rebecca Shoal Light Sand Key Light, near Key West (1853) (still in use) Sanibel Island Light (1884) (still in use) Seahorse Key Light - please see Cedar Key Light Smith Shoal Light - please see Unmanned reef lights of the Florida Keys Sombrero Key Light, south of Key Vaca in Marathon, Florida (1858) (still in use) St. Augustine Light, Anastasia Island (1874) (museum) St. George Island Light - please see Cape St. George Light St. Johns Light Station St. Johns River Light (1859) St. Joseph Bay Light - please see St. Joseph Point Light St. Joseph Point Light, near Port St. Joe (1902) (private residence) St. Marks Light, Apalachee Bay (1842) (still in use) Tennessee Reef Light - please see Unmanned reef lights of the Florida Keys Tortugas Harbor Light - please see Garden Key Light Unmanned reef lights of the Florida Keys Volusia Bar Light, near Deland, Florida Georgia [edit source | edit ] "Historic Light Station Information and Photography: Georgia". United States Coast Guard Historian's Office. Hawaii [edit source | edit ]
Lahaina Light, Maui, Hawaii
"Historic Light Station Information and Photography: Hawaii". United States Coast Guard Historian's Office. Illinois [edit source | edit ] "Historic Light Station Information and Photography: Illinois". United States Coast Guard Historian's Office. Indiana [edit source | edit ] "Historic Light Station Information and Photography: Indiana". United States Coast Guard Historian's Office.
Notable faux lighthouses:
Cooper Memorial (1997), on the Prairie Creek Reservoir near Muncie, is an active light but does not meet the Directory's size standard for a lighthouse. Gloryland Lighthouse, near New Castle, is not on navigable water. Kentucky [edit source | edit ] Lighthouses in Kentucky and Tennessee Notable faux lighthouses Louisville Waterfront Plaza, lighthouses on top of building Louisiana [edit source | edit ] "Historic Light Station Information and Photography: Louisiana". United States Coast Guard Historian's Office. Barataria Bay Light Bayou St. John Light, Canal de Carondolet Bonfouca (Bayou Bonfouca) Light, northern Lake Pontchartrain Calcasieu River Range Lights, Calcasieu River Chandeleur Island Light, outer rim of Chandeleur Sound Cubits Gap Light, Cubits Gap East Rigolets Light, Rigolets Waterway Franks Island Light, Franks Island Head of the Passes Light, Deer Island Madisonville Light, Madisonville New Canal Light, Lake Pontchartrain canal entrance Oyster Bay (Bayou) Light, easternmost entrance to Atchafalaya Bay Pass A L'Outre Light, Head of Passes, Mississippi River delta Pass Manchac Light, west shore of Lake Pontchartrain Point Au Fer Reef Light, entrance to Atchafalaya River Pointe Aux Herbes Light, south side of east end of Lake Pontchartrain Port Pontchartrain LIght, Lake Pontchartrain Pontchartrain Beach Light, New Orleans Sabine Pass Light, located at the entrance to Sabine Lake in Cameron Parish Sabine Pass East Jetty Light Ship Shoal Light, 10 miles south of Grand Isle South Pass Range Front Light, Mississippi River South Pass Range Lights Southwest Pass Entrance Light Southwest Reef Light, old entrance to Atchafalaya River Tchefuncte River Range Lights, north side of Lake Pontchartrain Timbalier Bay (Little Pass) Light, Timbalier Bay Trinity Shoal Light West Rigolets Light, Rigolets Channel, Lake Pontchartrain Maine [edit source | edit ] "Historic Light Station Information and Photography: Maine". United States Coast Guard Historian's Office. Avery Rock Light, Machias Bay, Machias Baker Island Light, Mt. Desert Island Bass Harbor Head Light, Mount Desert Island Bear Island Light, Bear Island Blue Hill Bay Light, Green Island / Blue Hill Bay Boon Island Light, York Browns Head Light, NW end of Vinalhaven Island Burnt Coat Harbor Light, Hockamock Head / Swan's Island Burnt Island Light, Boothbay Cape Elizabeth Lights, Casco Bay entrance, Cape Elizabeth Cape Neddick (Nubble) Light, Cape Neddick, York Crabtree Ledge Light, Frenchman Bay, Crabtree Neck Cuckolds Light, Boothbay approach Curtis Island Light, Camden Deer Island Thorofare Light, Mark Island / Deer Island Thorofare Dice Head Light, Penobscot River mouth, Castine Doubling Point Range Lights, Arrowsic Island / Kennebec River Doubling Point Light, Arrowsic Island / Kennebec River Eagle Island Light, East Penobscot Bay Egg Rock Light, entrance to Frenchman Bay near Winter Harbor Fort Point Light, entrance to Penobscot River Franklin Island Light, Muscongus Bay Goat Island Light, Cape Porpoise Goose Rocks Light, east entrance Fox Islands Thoroughfare Great Duck Island Light, Blue Hill Bay approach Grindle Point Light, Gilkey Harbor Halfway Rock Light, Casco Bay Hendricks Head Light, Sheepscot River entrance Heron Neck Light, Green's Island Indian Island Light, Indian Island / Rockport Harbor Isle Au Haut Light, Robinson Point, Isle au Haut Kennebunk Pier Light Ladies Delight Light Libby Island Light, Machias Bay entrance Little River Light, Little River Island / Cutler Harbor Lubec Channel Light, Lubec Channel Manana Island Fog Signal Station, Manana Island near Monhegan Island Marshall Point Light, Port Clyde Harbor entrance Matinicus Rock Light, Matinicus Rock, off Matinicus Island Monhegan Island Light, Monhegan Island Moose Peak Light, Mistake Island / Eastern Bay Mount Desert Rock Light, south of Mount Desert Island Narraguagus Light, east side Pond Island / Narraguagus Bay Nash Island Light, southeast mouth of Pleasant Bay Owls Head Light, West Penobscot Bay / Rockland Harbor Pemaquid Point Light, Bristol Perkins Island Light, Perkins Island / Kennebec River Petit Manan Light, off Petit Manan Point Pond Island Light, Kennebec River entrance west side Portland Breakwater Light, South Portland Portland Head Light, Cape Elizabeth Prospect Harbor Point Light, Prospect Harbor Point Pumpkin Island Light, Eggemoggin Reach / Penobscot Bay Ram Island Ledge Light, Casco Bay Ram Island Light, Ram Island / Boothbay Harbor Rockland Harbor Breakwater Light, Jameson Point / Rockland Harbor Saddleback Ledge Light, Isle au Haut Bay Saint Croix River Light, Dochet Island, opposite Red Beach, St. Croix River Seguin Light, Georgetown Spring Point Ledge Light, South Portland Squirrel Point Light, Arrowsic Island / Kennebec River Tenants Harbor Light, Southern Island Two Bush Island Light, Two Bush Channel / Penobscot Bay approach West Quoddy Head Light, Lubec Whaleback Light, Portsmouth Harbor Whitehead Island Light, Whitehead Island / Penobscot Bay southern entrance Whitlocks Mill Light, St. Croix River south bank Winter Harbor Light, Mark Island / Winter Harbor Wood Island Light, Biddeford Pool Maryland [edit source | edit ] "Historic Light Station Information and Photography: Maryland". United States Coast Guard Historian's Office.
Thomas Point Shoal Light near Annapolis
Baltimore Harbor Light, mouth of Magothy River, Chesapeake Bay Blakistone Island Light, St. Clement's Island State Park, Potomac River Bloody Point Bar Light, near Kent Island Bodkin Island Light, Chesapeake Bay Brewerton Channel Range: Cedar Point Light, Solomons Choptank River Light, Bernoni Point, near Oxford Clay Island Light, mouth of Nanticoke River Cobb Point Bar Light (also known as Cobb Island Bar Light), Potomac River Concord Point Light, Havre de Grace Cove Point Light, Chesapeake Bay Craighill Channel Lower Range: Craighill Channel Upper Range: Drum Point Light, mouth of the Patuxent River Fishing Battery Light, south of Havre de Grace Fog Point Light, Smith Island in Chesapeake Bay Fort Carroll Light, Patapsco River Fort Washington Light, Potomac River Great Shoals Light, mouth of the Wicomico River Greenbury Point Light, mouth of the Severn River Holland Island Bar Light, Chesapeake Bay Hooper Island Light, Chesapeake Bay Hooper Strait Light, St. Michaels Janes Island Light, near Crisfield Lazaretto Point Light, Baltimore harbor Love Point Light, Kent Island Lower Cedar Point Light, Potomac River Maryland Point Light, Potomac River Mathias Point Light, Potomac River North Point Range Lights, Chesapeake Bay Piney Point Light, Potomac River Point Lookout Light, St. Mary's County Point No Point Light, Chesapeake Bay Pooles Island Light, Chesapeake Bay Ragged Point Light, Potomac River Sandy Point Shoal Light, Chesapeake Bay Seven Foot Knoll Light, Baltimore Sharkfin Shoal Light, mouth of the Nanticoke River Sharps Island Light, off Tilghman Island Solomons Lump Light, Chesapeake Bay Somers Cove Light, near Crisfield Thomas Point Shoal Light, Annapolis Turkey Point Light, Chesapeake Bay Upper Cedar Point Light, Potomac River Massachusetts [edit source | edit ] "Historic Light Station Information and Photography: Massachusetts". United States Coast Guard Historian's Office.
Duxbury Pier Light in Plymouth harbor
Annisquam Harbor Light, Cape Ann Baker's Island Light Bass River Light Billingsgate Island Light Bird Island Light, Marion, Buzzards Bay Bishop and Clerks Light Borden Flats Light Boston Light, Boston Harbor Brant Point Light, Nantucket Butler Flats Light, New Bedford Buzzards Bay Entrance Light Cape Ann Light Cape Poge Light, Chappaquiddick Island, Martha's Vineyard Chatham Light, Chatham Harbor Clarks Point Light Cleveland East Ledge Light Cuttyhunk Light Deer Island Light Derby Wharf Light Dumpling Rocks Light Duxbury Pier Light, Plymouth Harbor East Chop Light, Oak Bluffs, Martha's Vineyard Eastern Point Light, Gloucester, Cape Ann Edgartown Harbor Light, Edgartown, Martha's Vineyard Egg Rock Light Fairhaven Bridge Light Falmouth Inner Light Fort Pickering (Winter Island) Light Gay Head Light, Aquinnah, Martha's Vineyard Great Point Light, Nantucket Highland Light aka Cape Cod Light, North Truro, Cape Cod Hospital Point Range Front Light Hospital Point Range Rear Light Hyannis Rear Range Light Ipswich Range Lights Long Island Head Light Long Point Light, Provincetown, Cape Cod Lovells Island Range Lights Marblehead Light, Marblehead Neck Mayo Beach Light Minot's Ledge Light, Scituate Monomoy Point Light Nantucket Range Lights Nantucket Cliff Lights Nantucket Harbor Range Lights Nauset Light, North Eastham, Cape Cod Ned Point Light Newburyport Harbor (Plum Island) Light Newburyport Harbor Front Range Light Newburyport Harbor Rear Range Light Nobska Light, Woods Hole Old Scituate Light, Scituate Palmer Island Light, New Bedford Plymouth (Gurnet) Light Race Point Light, Provincetown, Cape Cod Sandy Neck Light Sankaty Head Light, Nantucket Spectacle Island Range Lights Stage Harbor Light Straitsmouth Island Light, Rockport Tarpaulin Cove Light Ten Pound Island Light Thacher Island North Light The Graves Light, Boston Harbor Three Sisters Light, North Eastham, Cape Cod West Chop Light, Tisbury, Martha's Vineyard Wings Neck Light, Buzzards Bay Wood End Light Michigan [edit source | edit ] "Historic Light Station Information and Photography: Michigan". United States Coast Guard Historian's Office. The Michigan.gov website has a Map of Michigan Lighthouses in PDF format. Alpena Light, Alpena Au Sable Light Au Sable North Pierhead Light Beaver Island (Beaver Head) Light, southern tip of Beaver Island Beaver Island Harbor Light, northern end of Beaver Island Bellanger Park (Ecorse) Light Bete Grise (Mendota) Light Big Bay Point Light Big Sable Point (Grande Point au Sable) Light, north of Ludington Bois Blanc Island Light Cedar River Light Charity Island Light Charlevoix South Pier Light, Charlevoix Cheboygan Crib Light Cheboygan River Light Clinton River Light Copper Harbor Front Range Light, Copper Harbor Copper Harbor Light, Copper Harbor Copper Harbor Rear Range Light, Copper Harbor Crisp Point Light De Tour Reef Light Detroit Light Detroit River (Bar Point Shoal) Light Eagle Harbor Light, Eagle Harbor Eagle Harbor Rear Range Light, Eagle Harbor Eagle River Light, Eagle River Ecorse Light Ecorse Range Rear Light Fort Gratiot Light, Port Huron Forty Mile Point Light Fourteen Foot Shoal Light Fourteen Mile Light Frankfort North Breakwater Light, Frankfort Frying Pan Island Light  relocated to Sault Ste. Marie Gibraltar Light Grand Haven South Pierhead Inner Light, Grand Haven Grand Haven South Pierhead Light, Grand Haven Grand Island East Channel Light Grand Island Harbor Rear Range Light Grand Island North Light Grand Marais Inner Range Light Grand Marais Outer Range Light Grand Traverse Light, Northport Granite Island Light, 12 miles northwest of Marquette Grassy Island North Channel Range Light Grassy Island South Channel Range Light Gravelly Shoal Light Gray's Reef Light, offshore, east of Beaver Island Grosse Ile North Channel Front Range Light Grosse Isle South Channel Range Light Gull Rock Light Station Harwood Point East Range Front Light Harbor Beach Light Holland Harbor Light (Big Red), near Holland
Holland Harbor Light, also called Big Red near Holland, Michigan
Huron Island Light Huron Lightship, Port Huron, Michigan Ile aux Galets Light, see Skillagalee Island (Ile aux Galets) Light Isle Royale (Menagerie Island) Light, Isle Royale National Park Keweenaw Waterway Upper Entrance Light  Keweenaw Waterway Lower Entrance Light Lake St. Clair Light Lansing Shoals Light Little Sable Point (Petite Point au Sable) Light, south of Pentwater Little Traverse Light Ludington Light, Ludington Mackinac Point Light, Mackinaw City Mama Juda Light, destroyed, Detroit River, Detroit Mama Juda Range Front Light Manistee Light, Manistee Manistee North Pierhead Light, Manistee Manistique East Breakwater Light, Manistique Manitou Island Light Station Manning Memorial Light  Mariners Memorial (River Rouge) Light Marquette Breakwater Outer Light Marquette Harbor Light Martin Reef Light McGulpin's Point Light Menagerie Island Light, see Isle Royale (Menagerie Island) Light Mendota Light, see Bete Grise (Mendota) Light Menominee North Pier Light Middle Island Light Middle Lake George Minneapolis Shoal Light Mission Point Light, deactivated, replaced by offshore light tower Monroe Pier Light Munising Front Range Light, Munising Munising Rear Range Light, Munising Muskegon Pier Light, Muskegon Muskegon Breakwater Light, Muskegon Naubinway Island Light New Buffalo Light Ninth District Light North Manitou Island Light North Manitou Shoal Light, offshore east of North Manitou Island Old Mackinac Point Light Old Mission Point Light, alternate name for Mission Point Light Ontonagon Harbor West Pierhead Light, Ontonagon Ontonagon Light, Ontonagon Passage Island Light, Isle Royale National Park Peche Island Light, relocated from Peche Island to Marine City Peninsula Point Light Pipe Island Light Poe Reef Light Point Betsie (Point aux Becs Scies) Light, Frankfort Point Iroquois Light Pointe aux Barques Light Port Austin Light Port Sanilac Light Portage River (Jacobsville Light) Poverty Island Light, Poverty Island south of Fairport Presque Isle Front Range Light Presque Isle Harbor Breakwater Light Presque Isle Light (New), Presque Isle Presque Isle Light (Old), Presque Isle Presque Isle Rear Range Light Rock Harbor Light, Isle Royale National Park Rock of Ages Light, Isle Royale National Park Rouleau Point Range Front and Rear Lights Round Island Light, Round Island Round Island Light, St. Mary's River Round Island Passage Light Round Island Rear Light Saginaw Bay Light Saginaw River Rear Range Light Sand Beach North Entrance East Light Sand Hills Light Sand Point Light, Escanaba Sand Point Light, Baraga Saugatuck Light, Saugatuck Seul Choix Point Light, Gulliver Six Mile Point Range Rear Light Skillagalee Island (Ile aux Galets) Light, Ile Aux Galets South Fox Island Light, South Fox Island South Haven South Pier Light, South Haven South Manitou Island Light, part of Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore Spectacle Reef Light Squaw Point Light Squaw Island Light, Squaw Island St. Clair Flats South Channel Front Range Light St. Clair Flats South Channel Rear Range Light St. Helena Island Light, west of the Straits of Mackinac St. James Light, see Beaver Island Harbor Light St. Joseph North Pier Inner Light St. Joseph North Pier Outer Light St. Martin Island Light St. Mary's River Lower Range Front Light Stannard Rock Light Sturgeon Point Light Tawas Point Light Thunder Bay Island Light Tri-Centennial Light of Detroit Vidal Shoals Channel Range Front and Rear Lights Waugoshance Light White River Light, Whitehall White Shoal Light, west of Mackinaw City Whitefish Point Light William Livingstone Memorial Light [1 ] Windmill Point Light Windmill Point Range Front and Rear Lights Winter Point Range Front Light Minnesota [edit source | edit ] "Historic Light Station Information and Photography: Minnesota". United States Coast Guard Historian's Office. Mississippi [edit source | edit ] "Historic Light Station Information and Photography: Mississippi". United States Coast Guard Historian's Office. Nebraska [edit source | edit ] New Hampshire [edit source | edit ] "Historic Light Station Information and Photography: New Hampshire". United States Coast Guard Historian's Office. New Jersey [edit source | edit ] "Historic Light Station Information and Photography: New Jersey". United States Coast Guard Historian's Office. Absecon Light, Atlantic City Barnegat Lighthouse, Barnegat Light, Long Beach Island Brandywine Shoal Light, Delaware Bay Brigantine Lighthouse, Brigantine Cape May Light, Cape May Chapel Hill Range Cross Ledge Light East Point (Maurice River) Light Elbow of Cross Ledge Light Finns Point Range Light Great Beds Light, in the Raritan Bay, South Amboy Hereford Inlet Light, North Wildwood Ludlam's Beach Light Miah Maull Shoal Light Navesink Twin Lights, Highlands Robbins Reef Light, Bayonne Romer Shoal Light, Swash Channel, Lower New York Bay Sandy Hook Light, Sandy Hook Sea Girt Light, Sea Girt Ship John Shoal Light Tinicum Island Range Waackaack Range New York [edit source | edit ] "Historic Light Station Information and Photography: New York". United States Coast Guard Historian's Office.
Montauk Point Lighthouse, the very first lighthouse in New York State.
Ambrose Light, Lower New York Bay Barber's Point Light, Lake Champlain Barcelona (Portland Harbor) Light, Portland Harbor, Lake Erie Blackwell Island Light, New York City Bluff Point Light, Valcour Island/ Lake Champlain Braddock Point Light, Bogus Point, Lake Ontario Brewerton Range Rear, Oneida Lake Buffalo (main) Light, mouth of Buffalo River/ Erie Canal, under skyway in downtown Buffalo Buffalo Harbor North and South entrance Lights Buffalo Intake Crib Light Buffalo North breakwater East end Light Buffalo North breakwater West end Light Cape Vincent breakwater East end Light Cayuga Inlet Light, Cayuga Lake Cayuga Inlet Breakwater Light, Cayuga Lake Cedar Island Light, East Hampton Clayton Light, Town of Clayton Cold Spring Harbor Light, north shore of Long Island Coney Island (Nortons Point) Light, New York Harbor main channel Cooperstown Marina, Cooperstown, Otsego Lake Coxsackie Light, Hudson River Crossover Island Light, St. Lawrence River Crown Point Light, Lake Champlain Cumberland Head Light, Cumberland Bay, Lake Champlain Dunkirk Light, Point Gratiot, Lake Erie Dunkirk Pierhead Light, Dunkirk harbor, Lake Erie Eatons Neck Light, Long Island East Charity Shoal Light, Cape Vincent Elm Tree Beacon Light Esopus Meadows (middle Hudson River) Light Execution Rocks Light, Long Island Sound Fairhaven Range Lights Fire Island Light, Fire Island Fort Niagara Light, Niagara River south shore, Lake Ontario Fort Tompkins Light, Staten Island Fort Wadsworth Light, East Verrazano Narrows Frenchman's Island, Oneida Lake Galloo Island Light, SW end of island in Lake Ontario Genesee (Charlotte-Genesee/Rochester) Light Genesee East Pier Light, Rochester Harbor Genesee North Pier Light, Rochester Harbor Grand Island Range Front Light Grand Island Range Rear Light Horseshoe Reef Light Horton Point Light, Long Island Hudson-Athens (Hudson city) Light, Middle Ground Flats, Hudson River Huntington Harbor Light, Huntington Bay, Long Island Kings Point Light Kingsborough Community College Light, Brooklyn Latimer Reef Light, Fishers Island Sound Little Gull Island Light, Long Island Sound Little Red Lighthouse (Jeffrey's Hook Lighthouse), Manhattan Orient Long Beach Bar Light, Orient Harbor Myers Point Light, Cayuga Lake Montauk Point Light, Montauk Point State Park Montauk Yacht Club Light New Dorp Light, Staten Island Swash Channel rear range North Brother Island Light North Dumpling Light, Fishers Island Sound Oak Orchard Light Ogdensburg Harbor Light, Light Point, St. Lawrence River Olcott Light, on Lake Ontario Old Field Point Light Old Orchard Shoal Light, Gedney Channel, Lower New York Bay Orient Point Light ("Coffee Pot"), Oyster Pond Reef, Plum Gut, Long Island Oswego Harbor West Pierhead Lighthouse, mouth of Oswego River, Lake Ontario Plattsburg Beacon Plum Island Light Point Aux Roches Light, Lake Champlain Port of Genesee (Charlotte-Genesee) Light, Genesee River/ Lake Ontario Barcelona (Portland Harbor) Light, south shore of Lake Erie Princes Bay Light, Staten Island Race Rock Light, Fishers Island Robbins Reef Light, west side main channel, Upper New York Bay Rock Island Light, St. Lawrence River/ Lake Ontario Romer Shoal Light, actually in New Jersey, but the Coast Guard lists it in New York Rondout Creek (Kingston) light, Kingston Point, Hudson River Horse Island Light, Lake Ontario Sands Point Light Saugerties Light, Hudson River at Esopus Creek Selkirk (Salmon River) Light, Salmon River entrance, Lake Ontario Shinnecock Light, Ponquogue, Great West Bay Shoal Point Light, Fourth Lake, Adirondacks Sodus Outer Light, north end of west pier, entrance to Great Sodus Bay Sodus Point Light, Sodus Bay, Lake Ontario South Buffalo South Side Light, breakwater, south side of main south entrance to Buffalo harbor Split Rock Point Light, Whallon Bay, Lake Champlain Staten Island Light Statue of Liberty, Upper New York Bay Stepping Stones Light Stony Point (Henderson) Light, Henderson Bay, Lake Ontario Stony Point light, Hudson River Stuyvesant Light, Hudson River Sunken Rock Light, Bush Island, St. Lawrence River Tarrytown (Sleepy Hollow) Light, Hudson River, south of Kingsland Thirty Mile Point Light, Lake Ontario (Three) Sisters Island Light, St. Lawrence River Throgs Neck Light, New York City Tibbetts Point Light, St. Lawrence River, Lake Ontario Titanic Memorial, South Street Seaport, New York City Verona Beach (Sylvan Beach) Light, Oneida Lake West Bank Light, Ambrose Channel, Lower New York Bay (range front) Whitestone Point Light, Whitestone Point, southerly side of East River North Carolina [edit source | edit ] "Historic Light Station Information and Photography: North Carolina". United States Coast Guard Historian's Office. Bald Head Light, Cape Fear River Inlet Bodie Island Light, Bodie Island, Outer Banks Cape Fear Light, Cape Fear River Inlet Cape Hatteras Light, Hatteras Island, Outer Banks Cape Lookout Light, Cape Lookout, Outer Banks Croatan Shoal Light Currituck Beach Light, Corolla Beach, Outer Banks Federal Point Light, Pleasure Island Hatteras Beacon, near Cape Hatteras Diamond Shoal Light Frying Pan Shoals Light Laurel Point Light Long Point Beacon Light Neuse River Light Oak Island Light, Oak Island Ocracoke Island Light, Ocracoke Island, Outer Banks Pamlico Point Shoal Light Price Creek Light, Southport Roanoke Marshes Light Roanoke River Light Wade Point Light Ohio [edit source | edit ] "Historic Light Station Information and Photography: Ohio". United States Coast Guard Historian's Office. Ashtabula Harbor Light, Ashtabula Cedar Point Light, Sandusky Cleveland west breakwater/East pierhead Lights, Cleveland Cleveland east entrance Light, Cleveland Conneaut west Light, Conneaut Grand River (Fairport Harbor) Light, Fairport Harbor Fairport Harbor West Breakwater Light, Fairport Harbor Green Island Light, Green Island Huron Harbor Light, Huron Lorain West Breakwater Light, Lorain Marblehead Light, Marblehead Port Clinton Light, Port Clinton Sandusky Harbor Light, Sandusky South Bass Island Light, South Bass Island Toledo Harbor Light, Toledo Harbor Turtle Island Light Vermilion Light, Vermilion West Sister Island Light Oklahoma [edit source | edit ] Rowlett, Russ. "Lighthouses of Oklahoma". The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Notable faux lighthouses Oregon [edit source | edit ] Cape Arago Light, Coos County Cape Blanco Light, Curry County Cape Meares Light, Tillamook County Cleft of the Rock Light, private Coquille River Light, Coos County Desdemona Sands Light, Clatsop County Heceta Head Light, Lane County Lightship , Columbia Clatsop County (now a museum ship, previously anchored outside three mile zone) Point Adams Light, demolished Port of Brookings Light, private Tillamook Rock Light, Clatsop County Umpqua River Light, Douglas County Warrior Rock Light, on Sauvie Island in the Columbia River Willamette River Light, mouth of the Willamette River at the Columbia River Yaquina Bay Light, Newport Yaquina Head Light, Lincoln County Pennsylvania [edit source | edit ] "Historic Light Station Information and Photography: Pennsylvania". United States Coast Guard Historian's Office. In addition, Rowlett, Russ. "Lighthouses of the United States: Northwestern Pennsylvania". The Lighthouse Directory . University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. lists: Erie Yacht Club Erie Harbor Pierhead (Presque Isle North Pier) (2) Erie Pierhead Light
Southeastern Pennsylvania Lighthouses
Schuylkill River Lighthouse Turtle Rock Light Delaware River Lighthouse Chester (Schooner Ledge) Range Rear (3) Chester (Schooner Ledge) Range Front (3)
Notable faux lighthouses:
Sherman Memorial (Tionesta)
Fort Mifflin Blockhouse Horseshoe Lower Range Front (1881-?), Horseshoe Upper Range Front (1881–1931), and Horseshoe Rear (1881–1920), Delaware River. ARLHS USA-384, 1132, and 385, respectively. Schooner Ledge Range Front (1880-about 1915), Delaware River. ARLHS USA-169. Schuylkill River Range Front and Schuylkill River Range Rear (1875-about 1912), mouth of Schuylkill River. ARLHS USA-1206 and 1207. Puerto Rico [edit source | edit ]
Lighthouses in Puerto Rico Rhode Island [edit source | edit ] Beavertail Light, Conanicut Island, Jamestown Block Island (North) Light Block Island Southeast Light Brenton Reef Light Bristol Ferry Light Bullock's Point Light Castle Hill Light, Narragansett Bay, Newport Conanicut Island Light (Old) Conimicut Light, Narragansett Bay Dutch Island Light Fuller Rock Light Goat Island Light: see Newport Harbor Light Gould Island Light Gull Rocks Light Hog Island Shoal Light Ida Lewis Light (Lime Rock), Newport Musselbed Shoals Light Nayatt Point Light, Barrington Newport Harbor Light (aka Goat Island Light), Newport Plum Beach Light Point Judith Light, Narragansett Pomham Rocks Light Poplar Point Light Prudence Island (Sandy Point) Light Rose Island Light, Rose Island, Narragansett Bay Sabin Point Light Sakonnet Light Sassafras Point Light Warwick Light Watch Hill Light Whale Rock Light Wickford Harbor Light South Carolina [edit source | edit ]
Morris Island Light Charleston,SC
"Historic Light Station Information and Photography: South Carolina". United States Coast Guard Historian's Office. Bloody Point Light on Daufuskie Island, Beaufort County Bulls Bay Light, Charleston County Combahee Bank Light formerly in St. Helena Sound Cape Romain Lighthouses near McClellanville, Charleston County Castle Pinckney Light in Charleston Harbor, Charleston County Charleston Light in Sullivan's Island, Charleston County Fort Ripley Shoal (Middle Ground) Light in Charleston Harbor, Charleston County Fort Sumter Range Lights, Charleston County Georgetown Light Governor's Light in Little River, Horry County [2 ] Haig Point Range Lights on Daufuskie Island, Beaufort County Harbour Town Light on Hilton Head Island, Beaufort County Hilton Head Range Rear (Leamington) Hunting Island Light on Hunting Island, Beaufort County Morris Island Light on Morris Island, Charleston County Parris Island Range Lights on Parris Island, formerly in Beaufort County Sullivan's Island Range Lights, Charleston County Tennessee [edit source | edit ] Lighthouses in Kentucky and Tennessee Notable faux lighthouse Texas [edit source | edit ] "Historic Light Station Information and Photography: Texas". United States Coast Guard Historian's Office. Vermont [edit source | edit ] "Historic Light Station Information and Photography: Vermont". United States Coast Guard Historian's Office.
Lake Memphremagog: Virginia [edit source | edit ]
Old and New Cape Henry Lights
"Historic Light Station Information and Photography: Virginia". United States Coast Guard Historian's Office. Assateague Light, Assateague Island Back River Light, Chesapeake Bay near Hampton Bells Rock Light, York River Bowlers Rock Light, Rappahannock River Cape Charles Light, Cape Charles Cape Henry Light (old), Cape Henry, Virginia Beach Cape Henry Light (new), Cape Henry, Virginia Beach Cherrystone Bar Light, Cape Charles Chesapeake Light, entrance to Chesapeake Bay Craney Island Light, mouth of Elizabeth River Deepwater Shoals Light, James River Dutch Gap Canal Lights, James River Great Wicomico River Light, Chesapeake Bay Hog Island Light Jones Point Light, Alexandria Jordan Point Light, James River Killock Shoal Light Lambert Point Light, Norfolk Nansemond River Light, Nansemond and James rivers New Point Comfort Light, Chesapeake Bay Newport News Middle Ground Light, Newport News Old Plantation Flats Light, Cape Charles Old Point Comfort Light, Hampton Pages Rock Light, York River Point of Shoals Light, James River Pungoteague Creek Light, Chesapeake Bay Smith Point Light, mouth of Potomac River Stingray Point Light, mouth of Rappahannock River Tangier Sound Light, Chesapeake Bay Thimble Shoal Light, Chesapeake Bay, north of Hampton Roads Tue Marshes Light, mouth of York River Watts Island Light, Chesapeake Bay White Shoal Light, James River Windmill Point Light, mouth of Rappahannock River Wolf Trap Light, Chesapeake Bay York Spit Light, mouth of York River Washington [edit source | edit ] "Historic Light Station Information and Photography: Washington". United States Coast Guard Historian's Office. Admiralty Head Light, Whidbey Island Alki Point Light, West Seattle Browns Point Light, Browns Point Burrows Island Light, Anacortes Cape Disappointment Light Cape Flattery Light, Neah Bay Cattle Point Light, San Juan Island Destruction Island Light Dofflemyer Point Light Ediz Hook Light Grays Harbor Light, Westport Lime Kiln Light, San Juan Island Marrowstone Point Light, Fort Flagler Mukilteo Light, Mukilteo New Dungeness Light, Sequim North Head Light, Ilwaco Patos Island Light, San Juan Islands Point No Point Light, Hansville Point Roberts Light, Point Roberts Point Robinson Light, Vashon Island Point Wilson Light, Port Townsend Semiahmoo Harbor Light, Port Blaine Slip Point Light, Clallam Bay Turn Point Light, Stuart Island West Point Light, Seattle West Virginia [edit source | edit ] Wisconsin [edit source | edit ] "Historic Light Station Information and Photography: Wisconsin". United States Coast Guard Historian's Office. Algoma Pierhead Lighthouse, Algoma, Kewaunee County Apostle Islands Lighthouses Ashland Harbor Breakwater Lighthouse, Ashland, Ashland County Baileys Harbor Lighthouse, Baileys Harbor, Door County Baileys Harbor Range Lights, Baileys Harbor, Door County Boyer Bluff Light, Door County  Cana Island Lighthouse, near Baileys Harbor, Door County Chambers Island Lighthouse, Chambers Island, Door County Chequamegon Point Lighthouse, Long Island, Apostle Islands, Ashland County Devils Island Lighthouse, Devils Island, Apostle Islands, Ashland County Eagle Bluff Lighthouse, Ephraim, Door County Fond du Lac Lighthouse, Fond du Lac, Fond du Lac County Grassy Island Range Lights, relocated to Green Bay Yacht Club  Green Bay Harbor Entrance Light Green Island Light Gull Island Light, Gull Island, Ashland County Kenosha North Pier Lighthouse, Kenosha, Kenosha County Kenosha Light, Kenosha, Kenosha County Kevich Light, Ozaukee County Kewaunee Pierhead Lighthouse, Kewaunee, Kewaunee County La Pointe Lighthouse, Apostle Islands, Ashland County Long Tail Point Light, Green Bay, Brown County Manitowoc Breakwater Lighthouse, Manitowoc, Manitowoc County Michigan Island Lighthouse, Apostle Islands, Ashland County Milwaukee Pierhead Light, Milwaukee, Wisconsin Milwaukee Breakwater Lighthouse, Milwaukee, Wisconsin Neenah Light, Neenah, Winnebago County North Point Lighthouse, Milwaukee, Milwaukee County Outer Island Lighthouse, Apostle Islands, Ashland County Peshtigo Reef Light, Green Bay east of Peshtigo Point, Marinette County Pilot Island Lighthouse, near Gills Rock, Door County Plum Island Range Lights, near Gills Rock, Door County Port Washington Light, Port Washington, Ozaukee County Potawatomi Lighthouse aka Rock Island Light, Rock Island State Park, Door County Racine North Breakwater Light  Raspberry Island Lighthouse, Apostle Islands, Bayfield County Rawley Point Lighthouse, Manitowoc County Rockwell Light, Oshkosh, Winnebago County Sand Island Lighthouse, Apostle Islands, Bayfield County Sheboygan Breakwater Light, Sheboygan, Sheboygan County Sherwood Point Lighthouse, near Sturgeon Bay, Door County Sturgeon Bay Canal Lighthouse, Sturgeon Bay, Door County Sturgeon Bay Canal North Pierhead Light, Sturgeon Bay, Door County Tail Point Light: see Long Tail Point Light Two Rivers Light, Two Rivers, Manitowoc County Wind Point Lighthouse, Racine, Racine County Wisconsin Point Lighthouse, Superior, Douglas County This list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it
Territories [edit source | edit ] Puerto Rico [edit source | edit ] See List of lighthouses in Puerto Rico Other territories and minor islands [edit source | edit ] See also [edit source | edit ] Notes [edit source | edit ] Further reading [edit source | edit ] Crompton, Samuel Willard & Michael J. Rhein, The Ultimate Book of Lighthouses (2002) ISBN 1-59223-102-0; ISBN 978-1-59223-102-7. Hyde, Charles K., and Ann and John Mahan. The Northern Lights: Lighthouses of the Upper Great Lakes. Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1995. ISBN 0-8143-2554-8 ISBN 9780814325544. Jones, Ray & Bruce Roberts, American Lighthouses (Globe Pequot, September 1, 1998, 1st Ed.) ISBN 0-7627-0324-5; ISBN 978-0-7627-0324-1. Jones, Ray, The Lighthouse Encyclopedia, The Definitive Reference (Globe Pequot, January 1, 2004, 1st ed.) ISBN 0-7627-2735-7; ISBN 978-0-7627-2735-3. Noble, Dennis, Lighthouses & Keepers: U. S. Lighthouse Service and Its Legacy Annapolis: U. S. Naval Institute Press, 1997. ISBN 1-55750-638-8; ISBN 978-1-55750-638-2. Oleszewski, Wes, Great Lakes Lighthouses, American and Canadian: A Comprehensive Directory/Guide to Great Lakes Lighthouses, (Gwinn, Michigan: Avery Color Studios, Inc., 1998) ISBN 0-932212-98-0. Penrod, John, Lighthouses of Michigan, (Berrien Center, Michigan: Penrod/Hiawatha, 1998) ISBN 978-0-942618-78-5 ISBN 9781893624238. Penrose, Laurie and Bill, A Traveler’s Guide to 116 Michigan Lighthouses (Petoskey, Michigan: Friede Publications, 1999). ISBN 0-923756-03-5 ISBN 9780923756031 Pepper, Terry. ". Seeing the Light: Lighthouses on the western Great Lakes" Putnam, George R., Lighthouses and Lightships of the United States, (Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co., 1933). Roach, Jerry, Ultimate Guide to Great Lakes Lighthouses, (2003). Thurston, Harry, Against Darkness and Storm: Lighthouses of the Northeast (Halifax: Nimbus, 1993). United States Coast Guard, Aids to Navigation, (Washington, DC: U. S. Government Printing Office, 1945). Scott T. Price. "U. S. Coast Guard Aids to Navigation: A Historical Bibliography". United States Coast Guard Historian's Office. U.S. Coast Guard, Historically Famous Lighthouses (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1957). Wagner, John L. ". Clarke Historical Library, Central Michigan University. Beacons Shining in the Night: The Lighthouses of Michigan" Wagner, John L., Michigan Lighthouses: An Aerial Photographic Perspective, (East Lansing, Michigan: John L. Wagner, 1998) ISBN 1-880311-01-1 ISBN 9781880311011. Weiss, George, The Lighthouse Service, Its History, Activities and Organization (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press, 1926). Wright, Larry and Wright, Patricia, Great Lakes Lighthouses Encyclopedia Hardback (Erin: Boston Mills Press, 2006) ISBN 1-55046-399-3. External links [edit source | edit ] General [edit source | edit ] Great Lakes [edit source | edit ] Wisconsin Historical Society, antique photographs of Wisconsin lighthouses. Terry Pepper on lighthouses of the Western Great Lakes. Bibliography on Michigan and other lighthouses. A more comprehensive (and interactive with geographic locations) listing of Michigan lighthouses and museums, complete with pictures and descriptions Detroit News, Interactive map on Michigan lighthouses. Map of Michigan Lighthouse in PDF Format. Wagner, John L. Beacons Shining in the Night, Michigan Lighthouse Bibliography, Chronology, History, Keepers Lives, and Photographs, Clarke Historical Library, Central, Michigan University. Notes [edit source | edit ]
List of lighthouses in North America
Sovereign states Antigua and Barbuda Bahamas Barbados Belize Canada Costa Rica Cuba Dominica Dominican Republic El Salvador Grenada Guatemala Haiti Honduras Jamaica Mexico Nicaragua Panama Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Lucia Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Trinidad and Tobago United States Dependencies and other territories Anguilla Aruba Bermuda Bonaire British Virgin Islands Cayman Islands Curaçao Greenland Guadeloupe Martinique Montserrat Puerto Rico Saint Barthélemy Saint Martin Saint Pierre and Miquelon Saba Sint Eustatius Sint Maarten Turks and Caicos Islands United States Virgin Islands