List of largest cities in Brazil

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - View original article

 
Jump to: navigation, search
Population distribution in Brazil.

Brazil has a relatively high reported level of urbanization, with 81 out of every 100 Brazilians living in cities. The criteria used by the IBGE (Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics) in determining whether households are urban or rural, however, is based on political divisions, not on the built environment.

A town is any seat of a district (the lowest political division); a city is the seat of a municipality. Nowadays, the country has more than 5,564 municipalities.[1] About 81.3% of Brazilians live in an urban area.[2]

State capitals are usually also the largest city in their respective state, exceptions being Vitória in Espírito Santo, and Joinville which is the largest city in Santa Catarina state surpassing the capital city Florianópolis; there are also non-capital metropolitan areas in São Paulo (Campinas, Santos, Paraíba Valley[citation needed]), Minas Gerais (Vale do Aço), Bahia (Feira de Santana)[citation needed], Rio Grande do Sul (Sinos Valley)[citation needed] and Santa Catarina (Joinville & Itajaí Valley).

Most of the non-capital large cities in Brazil are in the states of São Paulo (25), Rio de Janeiro (9), Minas Gerais (8), Rio Grande do Sul (7), Paraná (6) and Pernambuco (5).

Largest urban agglomerations[edit]

1 – São Paulo
5 – Brasília
6 – Recife
7 – Fortaleza
8 – Salvador
9 – Curitiba
10 – Campinas
11 – Goiânia
12 – Manaus
13 – Belém
14 – Vitória
15 – Santos
16 – Natal

This list ranks urban agglomerations by population. The list is taken from the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics data from 2010.[3]

The list includes those urban agglomerations with a population of 1 million or greater.

RankCityStatePopulation
1São Paulo São Paulo19,683,975
2Rio de Janeiro Rio de Janeiro11,835,708
3Belo Horizonte Minas Gerais5,414,701
4Porto Alegre Rio Grande do Sul3,958,985
5Distrito Federal e Entorno (Brasília) Distrito Federal
 Minas Gerais
 Goiás
3,717,728
6Recife Pernambuco3,690,547
7Fortaleza Ceará3,615,767
8Salvador Bahia3,573,973
9Curitiba Paraná3,174,201
10Campinas São Paulo2,797,137
11Goiânia Goiás2,173,141
12Manaus Amazonas2,106,322
13Belém Pará2,101,883
14Vitória Espírito Santo1,687,704
15Baixada Santista (Santos) São Paulo1,664,136
16Natal Rio Grande do Norte1,351,004
17São Luís Maranhão1,331,181
18João Pessoa Paraíba1,198,576
19Maceió Alagoas1,156,364
20Teresina Piauí1,150,959
21Norte/Nordeste Catarinense (Joinville) Santa Catarina1,094,412
22Florianópolis Santa Catarina1,012,233

Most populous cities and state capitals[edit]

This is a list of the most populous cities based on the population of the municipality where the city is located, rather than its metropolitan area.

IBGE estimates of 2010[4]
State capitals are in bold. Second Rank* is by capitals and non-capitals. Palmas is the only state capital not listed.
RankRank*CityState/DistrictPopulation
11São Paulo São Paulo11,244,369
22Rio de Janeiro Rio de Janeiro6,323,037
33Salvador Bahia2,676,606
44Brasília Distrito Federal (Brazil)2,562,963
55Fortaleza Ceará2,551,806
66Belo Horizonte Minas Gerais2,375,444
77Manaus Amazonas1,802,525
88Curitiba Paraná1,746,896
99Recife Pernambuco1,536,934
1010Porto Alegre Rio Grande do Sul1,409,939
1111Belém Pará1,392,031
1212Goiânia Goiás1,301,892
131Guarulhos São Paulo1,222,357
142Campinas São Paulo1,080,999
153São Gonçalo Rio de Janeiro1,016,128
1613São Luís Maranhão1,011,943
1714Maceió Alagoas1,002,675
184Duque de Caxias Rio de Janeiro872,762
195Nova Iguaçu Rio de Janeiro865,089
2015Natal Rio Grande do Norte806,203
2116Teresina Piauí802,537
2217Campo Grande Mato Grosso do Sul787,204
236São Bernardo do Campo São Paulo765,204
247Osasco São Paulo730,051
2518João Pessoa Paraíba702,235
268Jaboatão dos Guararapes Pernambuco687,688
279Santo André São Paulo683,336
2810Uberlândia Minas Gerais634,345
2911Contagem Minas Gerais625,393
3012São José dos Campos São Paulo615,871
3113Feira de Santana Bahia591,707
3214Sorocaba São Paulo586,311
3315Ribeirão Preto São Paulo563,107
3419Cuiabá Mato Grosso550,562
3520Aracaju Sergipe544,039
3616Juiz de Fora Minas Gerais526,706
3717Aparecida de Goiânia Goiás510,770
3818Londrina Paraná510,707
3919Ananindeua Pará505,512
4020Belford Roxo Rio de Janeiro501,544
4121Joinville Santa Catarina497,331
4222Niterói Rio de Janeiro479,384
4323São João de Meriti Rio de Janeiro469,827
4424Betim Minas Gerais441,748
4525Campos dos Goitacazes Rio de Janeiro434,008
4626Santos São Paulo433,502
4727Mauá São Paulo427,512
4828São José do Rio Preto São Paulo425,261
4929Vila Velha Espírito Santo413,548
5030Caxias do Sul Rio Grande do Sul410,166
5121Florianópolis Santa Catarina408,161
5231Serra Espírito Santo404,688
5332Diadema São Paulo401,217
5433Olinda Pernambuco397,268
5534Carapicuíba São Paulo392,701
5635Campina Grande Paraíba383,764
5722Porto Velho Rondônia382,829
5836Mogi das Cruzes São Paulo375,268
5937Piracicaba São Paulo368,843
6023Macapá Amapá366,484
6138Cariacica Espírito Santo365,859
6239Montes Claros Minas Gerais363,227
6340Bauru São Paulo359,429
6441Itaquaquecetuba São Paulo359,253
6542Jundiaí São Paulo349,929
6643Ribeirão das Neves Minas Gerais349,307
6744Pelotas Rio Grande do Sul345,181
6845Anápolis Goiás335,960
6946Maringá Paraná335,511
7047Caucaia Ceará334,364
7148Canoas Rio Grande do Sul332,056
7249Franca São Paulo330,938
7350São Vicente São Paulo330,795
7451Foz do Iguaçu Paraná325,137
7524Vitória Espírito Santo320,156
7652Paulista Pernambuco319,373
7753Vitória da Conquista Bahia318,901
7854Petrópolis Rio de Janeiro315,119
7955Ponta Grossa Paraná314,681
8056Guarujá São Paulo308,058
8125Rio Branco Acre305,954

Brazil's population, as recorded by the 2008 National Household Survey, was approximately 190 million inhabitants (22.31 inhabitants per square kilometer), with 83.75% of the population defined as urban. The population is heavily concentrated in the Southeast (79.8 million) and Northeast (53.5 million).

Source for cities and population:[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Territorial units of the municipality level" (in Portuguese). Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics. 2008. Retrieved 2008-06-03. 
  2. ^ [1][dead link]
  3. ^ "População residente, por situação do domicílio e sexo – Aglomerados urbanos – Brasil". Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics. Retrieved 12 June 2014. 
  4. ^ "Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics". 2008. Retrieved 2007-06-27. "@Cidades" 
  5. ^ "World Urbanization Prospects: File 23". Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. United Nations. April 2012. Retrieved 10 May 2014. 

External links[edit]