List of largest cities in Brazil

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Population distribution in Brazil.

Brazil has a high level of urbanization: 81 out of every 100 Brazilians living in cities. The criteria used by the IBGE (Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics) in determining whether households are urban or rural, however, are based on political divisions, not on the built environment.

A Town is any seat of a district (the lowest political division); a city is the seat of a municipality. Nowadays, the country has more than 5,564 municipalities.[1] About 81.3% of Brazilians live in an urban area.

The state capitals are also the largest city in their respective state, exceptions being Florianópolis (which is the capital and the second largest city of Santa Catarina state) and Vitória (which is the capital but only the fourth largest city of Espírito Santo state). There are also non-capital metropolitan areas in São Paulo (Campinas, Santos, Paraíba Valley), Minas Gerais (Vale do Aço), Bahia (Feira de Santana), Rio Grande do Sul (Sinos Valley), Santa Catarina (Joinville, Itajaí Valley), among others.

Most of the non-capital large cities in Brazil are in the states of São Paulo (21), Rio de Janeiro (7), Minas Gerais (7), Pernambuco (5), Paraná (4), Rio Grande do Sul (3) and Espírito Santo (3).

Most populous cities and state capitals[edit]

1 – São Paulo
3 – Salvador
4 – Brasília
5 – Fortaleza
7 – Manaus
8 – Curitiba
9 – Recife
10 – Porto Alegre
11 – Belém
12 – Goiânia

This is a list of the most populous cities based on the population of the municipality where the city is located, rather than its metropolitan area.

IBGE estimates of 1 July 2014[2]
State capitals are in bold. The first rank tells the list of largest cities in Brazil, the second rank is by state capitals and the third by non-capitals. Palmas is the only state capital not listed.
RankRankRankCityStatePopulation
11São Paulo São Paulo11,895,893
22Rio de Janeiro Rio de Janeiro6,453,682
33Salvador Bahia2,902,927
44Brasília Distrito Federal2,852,372
55Fortaleza Ceará2,571,896
66Belo Horizonte Minas Gerais2,491,109
77Manaus Amazonas2,020,301
88Curitiba Paraná1,864,416
99Recife Pernambuco1,608,488
1010Porto Alegre Rio Grande do Sul1,472,482
1111Belém Pará1,432,844
1212Goiânia Goiás1,412,364
131Guarulhos São Paulo1,312,197
142Campinas São Paulo1,154,617
1513São Luís Maranhão1,064,197
163São Gonçalo Rio de Janeiro1,031,903
1714Maceió Alagoas1,005,319
184Duque de Caxias Rio de Janeiro878,402
1915Natal Rio Grande do Norte862,044
2016Campo Grande Mato Grosso do Sul843,120
2117Teresina Piauí840,600
225São Bernardo do Campo São Paulo811,489
236Nova Iguaçu Rio de Janeiro806,177
2418João Pessoa Paraíba780,738
257Santo André São Paulo707,613
268Osasco São Paulo693,271
279São José dos Campos São Paulo681,036
2810Jaboatão dos Guararapes Pernambuco680,943
2911Ribeirão Preto São Paulo658,059
3012Uberlândia Minas Gerais654,681
3113Contagem Minas Gerais643,476
3214Sorocaba São Paulo637,187
3319Aracaju Sergipe623,766
3415Feira de Santana Bahia612,000
3520Cuiabá Mato Grosso575,480
3616Joinville Santa Catarina554,601
3717Juiz de Fora Minas Gerais550,710
3818Londrina Paraná543,003
3919Aparecida de Goiânia Goiás511,323
4020Ananindeua Pará499,776
4121Niterói Rio de Janeiro495,470
4221Porto Velho Rondônia494,013
4322Campos dos Goytacazes Rio de Janeiro480,648
4423Belford Roxo Rio de Janeiro479,386
4524Serra Espírito Santo476,428
4625Caxias do Sul Rio Grande do Sul470,223
4726Vila Velha Espírito Santo465,690
4822Florianópolis Santa Catarina461,524
4927São João de Meriti Rio de Janeiro460,711
5030Mauá São Paulo448,776
5123Macapá Amapá446,757
5228São José do Rio Preto São Paulo438,354
5329Santos São Paulo433,565
5431Mogi das Cruzes São Paulo419,839
5532Betim Minas Gerais412,003
5633Diadema São Paulo409,613
5734Campina Grande Paraíba402,912
5835Jundiaí São Paulo397,965
5936Maringá Paraná391,698
6037Montes Claros Minas Gerais390,212
6138Carapicuíba São Paulo390,073
6239Olinda Pernambuco388,821
6340Piracicaba São Paulo388,412
6441Cariacica Espírito Santo378,915
6542Bauru São Paulo364,562
6624Rio Branco Acre363,928
6743Anápolis Goiás361,991
6844São Vicente São Paulo353,040
6925Vitória Espírito Santo352,104
7045Caucaia Ceará349,526
7146Itaquaquecetuba São Paulo348,739
7247Caruaru Pernambuco342,328
7348Pelotas Rio Grande do Sul342,053
7449Vitória da Conquista Bahia340,199
7550Canoas Rio Grande do Sul339,979
7651Franca São Paulo339,461
7752Ponta Grossa Paraná334,535
7853Blumenau Santa Catarina334,002
7954Petrolina Pernambuco326,017
8055Paulista Pernambuco319,769
8156Ribeirão das Neves Minas Gerais319,310
8257Uberaba Minas Gerais318,813
8326Boa Vista Roraima314,900
8458Cascavel Paraná309,259
8559Guarujá São Paulo308,989

Brazil's population, as recorded by the 2010 Census, was of 190,755,799 million inhabitants[3] (22.40 inhabitants per square kilometer), with 84.36% of the population defined as urban. The population is heavily concentrated in the Southeast (80,4 million) and Northeast (53.1 million).

Largest metropolitan areas[edit]

This list ranks metropolitan areas and/or urban agglomerations by population. The list is taken from the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics data from 2014.[4]

RankCityStatePopulation
1São Paulo São Paulo20,935,204
2Rio de Janeiro Rio de Janeiro12,116,616
3Belo Horizonte Minas Gerais5,783,773
4Porto Alegre Rio Grande do Sul4,181,836
5Distrito Federal e Entorno Distrito Federal4,118,154
6Salvador Bahia3,919,864
7Recife Pernambuco3,887,261
8Fortaleza Ceará3,818,380
9Curitiba Paraná3,466,981
10Campinas São Paulo3,043,217
11Vale do Paraíba e Litoral Norte São Paulo2,430,492
12Goiânia Goiás2,384,560
13Belém Pará2,381,661
14Manaus Amazonas2,360,491
15Vitória Espírito Santo1,884,096
16Baixada Santista São Paulo1,781,620
17Natal Rio Grande do Norte1,485,505
18São Luís Maranhão1,403,111
19Piracicaba São Paulo1,400,113
20Norte/Nordeste Catarinense Santa Catarina1,324,173
21Maceió Alagoas1,293,473
22João Pessoa Paraíba1,238,914
23Teresina Piauí1,189,260
24Florianópolis Santa Catarina1,111,702
25Cuiabá Mato Grosso982,258

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Territorial units of the municipality level" (in Portuguese). Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics. 2008. Retrieved 2008-06-03. 
  2. ^ "Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics". 2014. Retrieved 12 September 2014. 2014 Estimates of Population 
  3. ^ "2010 Census first final results: Brazil has a population of 190,755,799 residents". IBGE.gov.br. 
  4. ^ "IBGE divulga as estimativas populacionais dos municípios em 2014". Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics. Retrieved 13 September 2014. 

External links[edit]