List of largest church buildings in the world

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Seville Cathedral, the third largest church building in the world

This article lists the largest church buildings in the world as measured by various criteria.

Scope[edit]

The term church is open to interpretation and debate. In this article, it means any building that was built for the primary purpose of Christian worship, for any recognised denomination of Christianity. This includes every cathedral (the seat of a bishop), basilica, and other type of church. It does not include temples of other religions, such as mosques, synagogues, and so on. It does include at least one building, Hagia Sophia, that was built as a church and later became a mosque (it is now a museum).

Measurements[edit]

Whilst claims are made about the relative size of churches many of these claims are not easily substantiated. "Largest" is at best a vague term, which is often not qualified by claimants. Accepted measures of largeness could include area, volume, length, width, height, and/or capacity, although the last is far more subjective. It is important to note therefore that churches may claim to be "the largest" based on only one of these measurements; and thus that there may be several churches that have equal claim to be the "nth-largest church". Since there is no official body governing these claims, there is no generally accepted criterion for being "the largest church".

The lists below attempt to rank churches by different (more-or-less) objective criteria, and thus may generate different orders depending on the measure used. Churches for which claims are made but dimensions cannot be found are not included on the below lists.

For length, width and height, there is usually a definitive statistic for each church, which can easily be compared. However, for area and volume, the situation is often more complex. It is often possible to find multiple values quoted for the area/volume of a church in references. Many values appear to be estimates or approximations (especially for volume), or may have been calculated by multiplying lengths, widths and heights. In the latter case, the exact dimensions used (internal vs. external, etc.) may give very different figures. Therefore, although area and volume are the most common 'largeness' measures, they are also apt to be the least reliable. This should be borne in mind when comparing church sizes.

Area in m²Gross volume in m³NameCompletionCityCountryDenominationComment
20,139[1] (interior 15,160 [1][2])1,200,000[3]St. Peter's Basilica1506–1626Vatican CityVatican CityRoman CatholicArea can be verified on a plan printed as 205% size in 1:1000 scale to match a 41.47 m dome internal diameter
12,0001,200,000[4]Basilica of the National Shrine of Our Lady of Aparecida1955AparecidaBrazilRoman CatholicDimensions of the church given as 173×168 m,[5] yielding a maximum area of 29,000 m². If the volume is indeed similar to St. Peter's, as quoted (see above), then an area nearer that of St. Peter's would be likely.
11,520[6]>500,000Seville Cathedral1520SevilleSpainRoman CatholicLargest cathedral in the world.
11,200[3]480,000[7]Cathedral of Saint John the DivineunfinishedNew YorkUnited StatesEpiscopal (Anglican)Unfinished, lacking transepts among other components.
10,186[8]440,000Milan Cathedral1386–1965MilanItalyRoman CatholicAccording to Touring Club Italiano, 11,700 m².[9] Old source says 8,406 m².[2]
10,090300 000[10]Basilica of Our Lady of Licheń1994–2004Licheń StaryPolandRoman Catholic9240 m² – enclosed main floor incl. transept and apse, 290 m² – enclosed tower floor, 560 m² – open tower and gallery floor (530 m² – porticos excluded); 23,000 m² – total area incl. main, ground & other floors.[10]
9,687[11]Liverpool Cathedral1904-1978LiverpoolUnited KingdomChurch of England (Anglican)Largest Anglican cathedral and church in Europe
8,700[12]130,000Church of the Most Holy Trinity2007FátimaPortugalRoman CatholicArea given as 12,000m² in [4]
8,318[13]Basilica-Cathedral of Our Lady of the Pillar1681–1872ZaragozaSpainRoman Catholic
8,162[14]170 000[14]Cathedral of Saint Sava2003BelgradeSerbiaOrthodoxLargest Christian Orthodox temple and church in the world
8,000Basilica of the Sacred Heart1905-1970Koekelberg (Brussels)BelgiumRoman Catholic
8,000Basilica of Our Lady of Guadalupe1974–1976Mexico CityMexicoRoman CatholicThe basilica has a circular base. Dimensions given as 102 meter in diameter, yielding an area of 8,167 m²[15]
8,000[16]Cathedral of Our Lady1352–1521AntwerpBelgiumRoman Catholic
7,989Basilica of Our Lady of Peace1989YamoussoukroIvory CoastRoman CatholicEnclosed area – just under the dome 90 m in diameter[17] (also, see images) – c. 8,000 m²; not included open space surrounded by colonnade of 30,000 m²[18]
7,920San Petronio1390–1658BolognaItalyRoman Catholic
7,914407,000[19]Cologne Cathedral1248–1880CologneGermanyRoman CatholicGross volume without buttresses.
7,875[2]St Paul's Cathedral1677–1708LondonUnited KingdomChurch of England (Anglican)
7,712[20]Washington National Cathedral1907–1990Washington, DCUnited StatesEpiscopal (Anglican)
7,700[21]200,000 (interior only)Amiens Cathedralpredates 1218AmiensFranceRoman CatholicGross volume slightly below 400,000 per similarity in size and structure to Cologne Cathedral
7,400Hagia Sophia537IstanbulTurkeyOrthodoxThe largest church in the world for a 1000 years, now a museum
7,097 (enterior)
12,069 (exterior)[22]
76,396Basilica of the National Shrine of the Immaculate Conception1919–1961Washington D.C.United StatesRoman CatholicThe largest Catholic church in the United States
4,320 [23]Basilica de San Martin de Tours (Taal)1865Taal, BatangasPhilippinesRoman CatholicLargest Catholic Church in Asia
4,273 [24]Ely Cathedral, Cambridgeshire1375Ely, CambridgeshireUnited KingdomChurch of England (Anglican)3rd Largest Medieval Cathedral in the UK
3,170Alexander Nevsky Cathedral1882SofiaBulgariaOrthodoxThe largest Orthodox church in the world.
2,800[25]Medak Cathedral1914–1926MedakIndiaChurch of South IndiaThe largest Cathedral church in India
2,13564,040[26]Basilica of St. John the Baptist1855St. John'sCanadaRoman CatholicThe largest church in eastern Canada.
1,76032,162[27]All Saints Cathedral, Halifax1907-1910Halifax Regional MunicipalityCanadaAnglican Church of CanadaThe largest Anglican Cathedral church in Canada.

By height[edit]

By length[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "St. Peter's - The Nave". Saintpetersbasilica.org. Retrieved 2012-09-05. 
  2. ^ a b c Wikisource-logo.svg "Basilica of St. Peter". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. 1913. 
  3. ^ a b Ellis, Edward Robb. The Epic of New York City: A Narrative History pg. 413
  4. ^ a b "Faith | The Times". Timesonline.co.uk. 2012-03-13. Retrieved 2012-09-05. 
  5. ^ "Basilica of the National Shrine of Our Lady of Aparecida (Aparecida, 1984) | Structurae". En.structurae.de. Retrieved 2012-09-05. 
  6. ^ Quintero, Josephine. "Seville Cathedral, The City of Seville main sights, Andalucia, Southern Spain". Andalucia.com. Retrieved 2012-09-05. 
  7. ^ Ellis, Edward Robb Edgewood Apartments pg. 413
  8. ^ Paved surface of the cathedral according to the City Planning Assessor. "Corriere della sera", 3 April 2011.
  9. ^ And third largest after St. Peter and Cathedral of Seville. "Milano", Touring Club Italiano, Milano, 1985. ISBN 88-365-0004-8. Page 130.
  10. ^ a b "Sanktuarium Maryjne w Licheniu". Lichen.pl. Retrieved 2012-09-05. 
  11. ^ "Cathedral". Liverpool Cathedral. Retrieved 2012-09-05. 
  12. ^ "The New Megachurch For The Sanctuary Of Fátima" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-09-05. 
  13. ^ "La Basílica de Nuestra Señora del Pilar" (in (Spanish)). Goya.unizar.es. Retrieved 2012-09-05. 
  14. ^ a b "Hram Svetog Save". Hram Svetog Save. Retrieved 2012-09-05. 
  15. ^ "Basílica de Guadalupe | Santuario". Virgendeguadalupe.org.mx. Retrieved 2012-09-05. 
  16. ^ "De Kathedraal - Facts and Figures". Dekathedraal.be. Retrieved 2012-09-05. 
  17. ^ "Basilica of Our Lady of Peace Yamoussoukro | Buildings". Yamoussoukro /: Emporis. Retrieved 2012-09-05. 
  18. ^ "The world's most extreme structures | Art and design | guardian.co.uk". Arts.guardian.co.uk. Retrieved 2012-09-05. 
  19. ^ "Dierk's page - Cologne Cathedral's dimensions". Anicursor.com. Retrieved 2012-09-05. 
  20. ^ [1][dead link]
  21. ^ Structurae. "Structurae - International Database and Gallery of Structures". En.structurae.de. Retrieved 2012-09-05. 
  22. ^ "Home-National Shrine of the Immaculate Conception". Nationalshrine.com. 2012-04-09. Retrieved 2012-09-05. 
  23. ^ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Basilica_de_San_Martin_de_Tours_(Taal)
  24. ^ http://www.elycathedral.org/history/facts_figures.html
  25. ^ "Welcome to Medak Diocese | Church of South India". Csimedakdiocese.in. Retrieved 2012-09-05. 
  26. ^ "Geology of the Roman Catholic Basilica of St. John the Baptist, St. John’s, Newfoundland Geoscience Canada 31, 1 (Mar. 2004): 1-10.". https://www.gac.ca/wp/?page_id=106. Retrieved 2013-04-09. 
  27. ^ "Cathedral Church of All Saints; Diocese of Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Island Canada". www.nspeidiocese.ca. Retrieved 2013-04-09.