List of large aircraft

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A size comparison of four of the largest aircraft. Click to enlarge.

This is a list of large aircraft.[clarification needed]

Fixed-wing[edit]

Civilian[edit]

AircraftFirst flightNote
Antonov An-225 Mriya21 December 1988Generally acknowledged as the largest airplane in the world, the Antonov An-225 is the world's heaviest aircraft ever (max. takeoff weight greater than 640 tons) and the largest Heavier-than-air aircraft (in length and wingspan) ever entering operational service.
Airbus A340-60023 April 2001World's second longest passenger aircraft at 75.36m.[1]
Airbus A38027 April 2005Largest mass-produced aircraft in the world and the highest-capacity passenger aircraft
Antonov An-1241982The second largest mass-produced aircraft in the world until the Airbus A380 was produced. Remains the world's largest military aircraft.
Antonov An-2227 February 1965World's largest turboprop-powered airplane
Boeing 7479 February 1969Highest-capacity passenger aircraft until surpassed by Airbus A380
Boeing 747-88 February 2010 (F variant)World's longest passenger aircraft at 76.4m.[2]
Boeing 747 LCF (Dreamlifter)9 September 2006747 with enlarged fuselage for 787 parts transport (1,800 cubic metres (65,000 cu ft))
Tupolev Maxsim Gorki19 May 1934Physically the largest aircraft, and heaviest land-based aircraft of the 1930s era (63 meter/206.7 ft wingspan, 53 tonne MTOW), required eight 900 hp Mikulin V12 engines for flight
Dornier Do X12 July 1929Largest successful flying boat and heaviest aircraft in the world from 1929 until 1942 when the Boeing B-29 Superfortress first flew.

Military[edit]

AircraftFirst flightNote
Blohm + Voss BV 23811 March 1944Largest aircraft in the world 1944 to 1946 when the even heavier Convair B-36 first flew. Very large flying boat.
Boeing B-29 Superfortress21 September 1942Largest aircraft in the world from 1942 to 1943 when the even heavier Junkers Ju-390 first flew. It was one of the largest bombers used during World War II
Convair B-36 Peacemaker8 August 1946Largest aircraft in the world 1946 to 1947 when the even heavier Hughes H-4 Hercules first flew. First intercontinental strategic bomber, longest wingspan for a combat aircraft
Convair XC-9923 November 1947Developed from B-36, largest piston-engined land-based transport aircraft ever built
Kawanishi H8KJanuary 1941Largest WWII aircraft produced by Japan in any quantity
Linke-Hofmann R.II1919Largest aircraft ever to fly with only one propeller, used largest airplane propeller ever used.
Lockheed C-5 Galaxy30 June 1968Largest USAF strategic airlifter and one of the largest military aircraft in the world
Martin JRM Mars1941Largest flying boat to enter production (7 built)
Messerschmitt Me 323 "Gigant"1941Biggest land-based cargo airplane during World War II
Myasishchev VM-T1981Derivative of the M-4 as outsized cargo aircraft
Tupolev Tu-16018 December 1981Heaviest combat aircraft ever built
Zeppelin Staaken R.VICirca 1917Largest aircraft to see regular squadron service in World War I

Experimental/proposed[edit]

AircraftFirst flight[Note 1]Note
Airbus A380-9002006 developmentAnnounced in 2006 as a derivative of the Airbus A380-800. World's highest-capacity passenger aircraft in history
Beriev Be-25001980s proposalWould be the largest aircraft ever, if built; development started in the 1980s
Boeing Pelican1990s proposalConcept only
Ekranoplan KMOctober 16, 1966The ekranoplan had wingspan of 37.6 m, length - 92 m, maximum take-off weight - 544 tons. Until An-225 it was the largest aircraft in the world.KM was tested at the Caspian Sea for 15 years until 1980. In 1980, pilot error caused a crash without human casualties. The vehicle was too heavy to be recovered from its watery wrecksite.
Boeing 2707 SST1960s design. A mockup was built but no prototype.Planned as an answer to the European Concorde Supersonic Transport. At 306 feet (93 m) long it would have been one of the longest airframes ever flown. Problems with the weight of the swing-wing mechanism and air friction heating in Mach 3 flight provoked a drastic redesign, by which time airline interest in SSTs was dropping because of environmental concerns. The U.S. Congress cut government funding and airlines began canceling orders.
McDonnell Douglas MD-121990 proposalProposed passenger aircraft, Designed to compete with the A380 and the 747, canceled project
Hughes H-4 Hercules "Spruce Goose"1947, 2 NovemberLargest aircraft in the world 1947 to 1952 when the even heavier Boeing B-52 Stratofortress first flew. World's largest flying boat, and largest wingspan of any aircraft. Only one was ever built and it performed only one short flight.
Junkers Ju 3901943, 20 OctoberLargest aircraft in the world 1943 to 1944 when the even heavier Blohm & Voss BV 238 first flew. Selected and further developed as the Junkers firm's entry for the Amerika Bomber design contract.
Sukhoi KR-8601990s proposalKR-860 (Kryl'ya Rossii or Wings of Russia) early named as SKD-717 is super large transport aircraft with weights about 650 tonnes (Antonov An-225 weight is 600 tonnes), payload about 300 tonnes (An-225 payload is 250 tonnes) and 860 to 1000 passengers, a proposed Double decker wide-body Superjumbo jet by Russian aerospace company Sukhoi.
Stratolaunch Carrier Aircraft2011, 13 December Announcementa proposed aircraft being developed by Scaled Composites to provide air-launch capability for Stratolaunch Systems
  1. ^ For designs that never flew the year of design or conception is used instead.

Helicopters and rotary wing aircraft[edit]

AircraftFirst flight[Note 1]Note
Mil Mi-261977, 14 DecemberHeaviest (56 tonnes), largest and most powerful helicopter in production ever.
Hughes XH-171952Prototype heavy-lift helicopter with the largest rotor (129 ft) flown
V-22 Osprey1989, 19 MarchOne of the largest (27 tonnes) VTOL aircraft and the first operational tiltrotor
Mil Mi-101960, 15 JuneHeavy-lift "skycrane" developed from Mi-6, 114 ft rotor, 43 tonne MTOW
Mil V-12 or Mi-121968, 10 JulyLargest helicopter ever built; not put into production. 2x 114 ft rotors, 105 tonnes MTOW.
Sikorsky CH-53E Super Stallion1981At 33 tonnes, largest helicopter in service with the US armed forces
  1. ^ For designs that never flew the year of design or conception is used instead.

Airships[edit]

Hindenburg class airship compared to largest fixed wing aircraft.
AircraftFirst flight[Note 1]Note
HM Airship R1001929, 16 December220 m, 146,000 m3
HM Airship R1011929, 14 October236 m, 156,000 m3
R102PlannedAlso known as Project H, planned 240,000 m3 airship
USS Akron1931, 8 August239 m, 180,000 m3 US Navy airship and largest helium-filled airship.
USS Macon1933, 23 JuneSister ship to Akron
LZ 129 Hindenburg1936, 4 March,245 m, 200,000 m3 Largest aircraft ever flown.
LZ130 Graf Zeppelin1938, 14 SeptemberSister ship to LZ 129 Hindenburg
  1. ^ For designs that never flew the year of design or conception is used instead.

See also[edit]

References[edit]