List of islands by area

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This list of islands by area includes all islands in the world greater than 2,500 km2 (970 sq mi) and several other islands over 500 km2 (193 sq mi), sorted in descending order by area. For comparison, continents are also shown.

Continental landmasses[edit]

A size comparison of the smallest continent (Australia) and the largest island (Greenland). South of the Australian mainland is Tasmania, itself the 26th largest island.

Although the continental landmasses listed below are not normally called islands, they are land entirely surrounded by water (excluding the geologically insignificant Panama and Suez Canals). In effect, they are enormous islands and are shown here for that reason. The figures are approximations and are for the continental mainland only. Some people however consider mainland Australia to be an island.

RankLandmassArea
(km2)
Area
(sq mi)
Country or countries
1Afro-Eurasia84,400,00032,500,000Various
2Americas42,300,00016,400,000Various
3Antarctica14,000,0005,400,000None (various countries have territorial claims)
4Australia7,600,0002,900,000 Australia

Notes:

Islands over 250,000 km2 (97,000 sq mi)[edit]

Although an island is, in general, any land mass that is completely surrounded by water, some definitions exclude land masses large enough to be considered continents. Placing Australia in the latter category (even though arguments can be made whether it is technically a continent, or merely part of a larger continent also called Australia) makes Greenland the largest island. For the sake of classification, this list of islands begins with Greenland.

RankIsland’s nameArea
(km2)[4]
Area
(sq mi)
Country or countries
1Greenland*2,130,800[5]822,706 Greenland, constituent country of the  Kingdom of Denmark
2New Guinea785,753303,381 Indonesia (Papua and West Papua) and  Papua New Guinea
3Borneo748,168288,869 Brunei,  Indonesia (Central, East, North, South and West Kalimantan) and  Malaysia (Sabah, Sarawak and Labuan)
4Madagascar587,713226,917 Madagascar
5Baffin Island507,451[6]195,928 Canada (Nunavut)
6Sumatra473,481184,954 Indonesia (Aceh, Bengkulu, Jambi, Lampung, Riau and North, South and West Sumatra)

* It is thought that beneath the ice sheet Greenland may be three separate islands.[7] Whether the places where the ice-bedrock boundary reaches below the sea level are land or sea is a matter of definition. The usual definition is that Greenland is one major island.

Islands 100,000–250,000 km2 (39,000–97,000 sq mi)[edit]

RankIsland's nameArea
(km2)[4]
Area
(sq mi)
Country or countries
7Honshu225,80087,182 Japan (Chūbu, Chūgoku, Kansai, Kantō and Tōhoku Regions)
8Victoria Island217,291[6]83,897 Canada (Northwest Territories and Nunavut)
9Great Britain209,33180,823 United Kingdom (England, Scotland and Wales)
10Ellesmere Island196,236[6]75,767 Canada (Nunavut)
11Sulawesi180,68169,761 Indonesia (Gorontalo and Central, North, South, South East and West Sulawesi Provinces)
12South Island145,83656,308 New Zealand (Canterbury, Otago, Southland, West Coast, Tasman, Nelson, Marlborough Regions)
13Java138,79453,589 Indonesia (Banten, Jakarta, Yogyakarta and Central, East and West Java Provinces)
14North Island111,58343,082 New Zealand (Northland, Auckland, Waikato, Gisborne, Bay of Plenty, Taranaki, Hawke's Bay, Manawatu-Wanganui and Wellington Regions)
15Luzon109,96542,458 Philippines (Bicol, Cagayan Valley, CALABARZON, Central Luzon, Cordillera, Ilocos and National Capital Regions)
16Newfoundland108,860[6]42,031 Canada (Newfoundland and Labrador)
17Cuba (main island)104,55640,369 Cuba
18Iceland (main island)101,82639,315 Iceland

Islands 20,000–100,000 km2 (7,700–38,600 sq mi)[edit]

RankIsland's nameArea
(km2)[4]
Area
(sq mi)
Country or countries
19Mindanao97,53036,657 Philippines (Caraga, Davao, Muslim Mindanao, Northern Mindanao, SOCCSKSARGEN and Zamboanga Peninsula)
20Ireland84,421[8]32,595 Republic of Ireland and  United Kingdom (Northern Ireland)
21Hokkaido78,71930,394 Japan (Hokkaido region)
22Hispaniola76,48029,530 Dominican Republic and  Haiti
23Sakhalin72,49327,989 Russia (Sakhalin Oblast)
24Banks Island70,028[6]27,038 Canada (Northwest Territories)
25Sri Lanka (main island)65,268[5]25,200 Sri Lanka
26Tasmania (main island)65,02225,105 Australia (Tasmania)
27Devon Island55,247[6]21,331 Canada (Nunavut) (largest uninhabited island in the world)
28Alexander Island49,07018,946None (Antarctic territorial claims by  Argentina (partial),  Chile and  United Kingdom)
29Isla Grande de Tierra del Fuego47,40118,302 Argentina (Tierra del Fuego Province) and  Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
30Severny Island (Novaya Zemlya, North)47,07918,177 Russia (Arkhangelsk Oblast)
31Berkner Island43,87316,939None (Antarctic territorial claims by  Argentina,  Chile (partial) and  United Kingdom)
32Axel Heiberg Island43,178[6]16,671 Canada (Nunavut)
33Melville Island42,149[6]16,274 Canada (Northwest Territories and Nunavut)
34Southampton Island41,214[6]15,913 Canada (Nunavut)
35Marajó40,100[5]15,483 Brazil (Pará) (World's largest island surrounded by fresh water, or in a river).
36Spitsbergen37,814[9]14,600 Norway (Svalbard)
37Kyūshū37,43714,455 Japan (Kyūshū region)
38Taiwan (Formosa)35,883[10]13,855 Republic of China (Taiwan)[Note 1]
39New Britain35,14513,570 Papua New Guinea
40Prince of Wales Island33,339[6]12,872 Canada (Nunavut)
41Yuzhny Island (Novaya Zemlya, South)33,24612,836 Russia (Arkhangelsk Oblast)
42Hainan33,21012,822 People's Republic of China (Hainan Province)
43Vancouver Island31,285[6]12,079 Canada (British Columbia)
44Timor28,41810,972 East Timor and  Indonesia (East Nusa Tenggara)
45Sicily25,6629,908 Italy
46Somerset Island24,786[6]9,570 Canada (Nunavut)
47Kotelny/Faddeyevsky Island24,0009,266 Russia (Sakha Republic)
48Sardinia23,9499,247 Italy

Islands 10,000–20,000 km2 (3,900–7,700 sq mi)[edit]

RankIsland’s nameArea
(km2)[4]
Area
(sq mi)
Country or countries
49Bananal19,162[5]7,400 Brazil (Tocantins) (world's largest fluvial island)
50Shikoku18,5457,160 Japan (Shikoku region)
51Halmahera18,0406,865 Indonesia (North Maluku)
52Seram17,4546,621 Indonesia (Maluku)
53New Caledonia (main island)16,6486,467 New Caledonia, Sui generis collectivity of  France
54Bathurst Island16,042[6]6,194 Canada (Nunavut)
55Prince Patrick Island15,848[6]6,119 Canada (Northwest Territories)
56Thurston Island15,700[5]6,050None (unclaimed island of Antarctica)
57Nordaustlandet14,467[9]5,586 Norway (Svalbard)
58Sumbawa14,3865,554 Indonesia (West Nusa Tenggara)
59October Revolution Island (Oktyabrskoy Revolyutsii)14,2045,471 Russia (Krasnoyarsk Krai)
60Flores14,1545,464 Indonesia (East Nusa Tenggara)
61King William Island13,111[6]5,062 Canada (Nunavut)
62Negros13,0745,048 Philippines (Central Visayas and Western Visayas)
63Samar12,8494,961 Philippines (Eastern Visayas)
64Palawan12,1894,706 Philippines (MIMAROPA)
65Panay12,0114,637 Philippines (Western Visayas)
66Tupinambarana (N.B. Now split into four islands)11,850[5]4,576 Brazil (Amazonas)
67Yos Sudarso11,7424,534 Indonesia (Papua)
68Bangka11,4134,407 Indonesia (Bangka-Belitung Islands)
69Ellef Ringnes Island11,295[6]4,361 Canada (Nunavut)
70Bolshevik Island11,2064,327 Russia (Krasnoyarsk Krai)
71Jamaica11,1904,320 Jamaica
72Bylot Island11,067[6]4,273 Canada (Nunavut)
73Sumba10,7114,135 Indonesia (East Nusa Tenggara)
74Mindoro10,5724,082 Philippines (MIMAROPA)
75Viti Levu10,5314,066 Fiji
76Hawai'i (Big Island)10,4344,029 United States (Hawaii)
77Cape Breton Island10,311[6]3,981 Canada (Nova Scotia)

Islands 5,000–10,000 km2 (1,900–3,900 sq mi)[edit]

RankIsland’s nameArea
(km2)[4]
Area
(sq mi)
Country or countries
78Prince Charles Island9,521[6]3,676 Canada (Nunavut)
79Bougainville9,3183,598 Papua New Guinea (Autonomous Region of Bougainville)
80Kodiak Island9,3113,595[11] United States (Alaska)
81Cyprus9,2343,572 Cyprus,  Akrotiri and Dhekelia (SBAs of the United Kingdom), and  Northern Cyprus[Note 2]
82Puerto Rico9,1003,435 Puerto Rico, insular area of the  United States
83Komsomolets Island8,8123,402 Russia (Krasnoyarsk Krai)
84Corsica8,7413,351 France (Corsica)
85Qeqertarsuaq (Disko)8,6123,312 Greenland, constituent country of the  Kingdom of Denmark
86Carney Island8,500[5]3,300None (unclaimed island of Antarctica)
87Chiloé8,4783,273 Chile (Los Lagos Region)
88Buru8,4733,271 Indonesia (Maluku)
89Crete8,3503,224 Greece (Crete)
90Anticosti Island7,941[6]3,066 Canada (Quebec)
91Roosevelt Island7,9103,054None (Antarctic territorial claim by  New Zealand)
92Wrangel Island (Vrangelya)7,8663,037 Russia (Chukotka Autonomous Okrug)
93New Ireland7,4042,859 Papua New Guinea
94Leyte7,3682,785 Philippines (Eastern Visayas)
95East Falkland7,0402,718 Falkland Islands, overseas territory of the  United Kingdom
96Zealand (Sjælland)7,031[12]2,715 Denmark (Zealand and Capital Region)
97Cornwallis Island6,995[6]2,701 Canada (Nunavut)
98Prince of Wales Island6,6752,577 United States (Alaska)
99Kerguelen (main island) (Desolation Island)6,6172,555 French Southern and Antarctic Lands, overseas territory of  France
100Siple Island6,3902,500None (unclaimed island of Antarctica)
101Graham Island6,361[6]2,456 Canada (British Columbia)
102New Siberia (Novaya Sibir)6,2012,394 Russia (Sakha Republic)
103Melville Island5,7652,234 Australia (Northern Territory)
104Prince Edward Island5,620[6]2,170 Canada (Prince Edward Island)
105Vanua Levu5,5872,157 Fiji (Northern Division)
106Wellington Island5,5562,145 Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
107Coats Island5,498[6]2,123 Canada (Nunavut)
108Bali5,4162,091 Indonesia (Bali)
109Chichagof Island5,3882,080 United States (Alaska)
110Guadalcanal5,3532,047 Solomon Islands
111Amund Ringnes Island5,255[6]2,029 Canada (Nunavut)
112Great Lyakhovsky Island (Bolshoy Lyakhovsky)5,1571,991 Russia (Sakha Republic)
113St. Lawrence Island5,1351,983 United States (Alaska)
114Riesco Island5,110[5]1,973 Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
115Edgeøya5,073[9]1,959 Norway (Svalbard)
116Mackenzie King Island5,048[6]1,949 Canada (Northwest Territories and Nunavut)
117Trinidad5,0091,864 Trinidad and Tobago

Islands 2,500–5,000 km2 (970–1,930 sq mi)[edit]

RankIsland’s nameArea
(km2)[4]
Area
(sq mi)
Country or countries
118Kolguyev4,9681,918 Russia (Nenets Autonomous Okrug)
119Ilha Grande do Gurupá4,8641,878 Brazil (Pará)
120Isabela4,7111,819 Ecuador (Galápagos Province)
121North Jutlandic Island (Vendsyssel-Thy)4,685[12]1,809 Denmark (North Denmark) (physically part of the Jutland peninsula until 1825)
122Lombok4,6251,786 Indonesia (West Nusa Tenggara)
123West Falkland4,5311,750 Falkland Islands, overseas territory of the  United Kingdom
124Belitung4,4781,729 Indonesia (Bangka-Belitung Islands)
125Cebu4,4681,725 Philippines (Central Visayas)
126Adelaide Island4,4631,723None (Antarctic territorial claims by  Argentina,  Chile and  United Kingdom)
127Stefansson Island4,463[6]1,723 Canada (Nunavut)
128Madura4,4291,710 Indonesia (East Java)
129Buton4,4081,699 Indonesia (South East Sulawesi)
130Kangaroo Island4,3741,689 Australia (South Australia)
131Admiralty Island4,3621,684 United States (Alaska)
132Nunivak Island4,209[5]1,625 United States (Alaska)
133Unimak Island4,1191,590 United States (Alaska)
134Hoste4,117[5]1,590 Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
135Spaatz Island4,1001,583None (Antarctic territorial claims by  Chile and  United Kingdom)
136Baranof Island4,0641,569 United States (Alaska)
137Nias4,0481,563 Indonesia (North Sumatra)
138Espiritu Santo3,9561,527 Vanuatu
139Milne Land3,9131,511 Greenland, constituent country of the  Kingdom of Denmark
140Malaita3,8361,481 Solomon Islands
141Siberut3,8281,478 Indonesia (West Sumatra)
142Bohol3,8211,475 Philippines (Central Visayas)
143South Georgia3,7181,450 South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, overseas territory of the  United Kingdom
144Santa Inés Island3,6881,424 Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
145Majorca3,6671,416 Spain (Balearic Islands)
146Santa Isabel Island3,6651,415 Solomon Islands
147Euboea3,6551,411 Greece (Central Greece)
148Long Island3,629[5]1,401 United States (New York)
149Socotra3,6071,393 Yemen
150Wetar3,6001,390 Indonesia (Maluku)
151Traill Island3,5421,367 Greenland, constituent country of the  Kingdom of Denmark
152Bear Island3,5001,351None (Antarctic territorial claims by  Argentina,  Chile and  United Kingdom)
153North Andros Island3,4391,328 Bahamas
154Vaygach Island3,3291,306 Russia (Arkhangelsk Oblast)
155Masbate3,2681,262 Philippines (Bicol)
156Iturup (Etorofu)3,2381,250 Russia (Sakhalin Oblast) (also claimed by  Japan (Hokkaidō region))
157Makira3,1901,232 Solomon Islands
158Mansel Island3,180[6]1,228 Canada (Nunavut)
159Waigeo3,1541,218 Indonesia (West Papua)
160Yamdena3,100[5]1,200 Indonesia (Maluku)
161Akimiski Island3,001[6]1,159 Canada (Nunavut)
162Gotland2,994[13]1,155 Sweden (Gotland)
163Fyn2,985[12]1,152 Denmark (Southern Denmark)
164Choiseul Island2,9711,147 Solomon Islands
165Revillagigedo Island2,9651,145 United States (Alaska)
166Taliabu2,9131,120 Indonesia (North Maluku)
167Muna2,8891,115 Indonesia (South East Sulawesi)
168Zemlya Georga2,8211,089 Russia (Arkhangelsk Oblast)
169Kupreanof Island2,8131,086 United States (Alaska)
170Borden Island2,794[6]1,079 Canada (Northwest Territories and Nunavut)
171Manitoulin Island2,766[6]1,068 Canada (Ontario) (world's largest freshwater lake island)
172Unalaska Island2,7221,051 United States (Alaska)
173Saaremaa2,6721,032 Estonia (Saaremaa)
174Moresby Island2,608[6]1,007 Canada (British Columbia)
175James Ross Island2,5981,004None (Antarctic territorial claims by  Argentina,  Chile and  United Kingdom)
176Obira2,542981 Indonesia (North Maluku)
177Réunion2,535970 France (overseas department)

Islands 1,000–2,500 km2 (390–970 sq mi)[edit]

This section of the list might not be complete, but covers almost all of the islands in the world over 1,000 km2. The area of some Antarctic islands is uncertain.

Island’s nameArea
(km2)[4]
Area
(sq mi)
Country or countries
Navarino Island2,473955 Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
Paramushir2,471954 Russia (Sakhalin Oblast)
Ross Island2,460950None (Antarctic territorial claim by  New Zealand)
Ymer Island2,437941 Greenland, constituent country of the  Kingdom of Denmark
Anvers Island2,432939None (Antarctic territorial claims by  Argentina,  Chile and  United Kingdom)
Cornwall Island2,358910 Canada (Nunavut)
Peleng2,345905 Indonesia (Central Sulawesi)
Groote Eylandt2,285882 Australia (Northern Territory)
Yapen2,278880 Indonesia (Papua)
Morotai2,266875 Indonesia (North Maluku)
Princess Royal Island2,251869 Canada (British Columbia)
Isla de la Juventud2,237864 Cuba
Wilczek Land2,203851 Russia (Arkhangelsk Oblast)
Hinnøya2,198[9]849 Norway (Nordland and Troms)
Nelson Island2,183843 United States (Alaska)
Lewis and Harris2,179841 United Kingdom (Scotland)
Richards Island2,165836 Canada (Northwest Territories)
Trangan2,149830 Indonesia (Maluku)
Alor2,120819 Indonesia (East Nusa Tenggara)
Margarita Island2,100811 Colombia (an inland fluvial island in the Magdalena River, not to be confused with the Caribbean Venezuelan island)
Laut2,062794 Indonesia (South Kalimantan)
Malakula2,041788 Vanuatu
New Georgia2,037786 Solomon Islands
Misool2,034785 Indonesia (West Papua)
Tenerife2,034785 Spain (Canary Islands)
Magdalena Island2,025782 Chile (Aisén Region)
René-Levasseur Island2,020780 Canada (Quebec) (largest artificial island)
Bioko2,017779 Equatorial Guinea
Ayon Island2,000772 Russia (Chukotka Autonomous Okrug)
Karaginsky Island2,000772 Russia (Kamchatka Krai)
Kuiu Island1,962758 United States (Alaska)
Manus1,940749 Papua New Guinea
Caviana1,930745 Brazil (Pará)
Biak1,904735 Indonesia (Papua)
Bacan1,900734 Indonesia (North Maluku)
Maui1,888729 United States (Hawaii)
Žitný ostrov1,886728 Slovakia
Bintan1,866720 Indonesia (Riau Islands)
Mauritius1,836709 Mauritius
Jeju-do1,825705 South Korea
Bely Island1,810699 Russia (Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug)
Afognak1,809698 United States (Alaska)
Umnak1,793692 United States (Alaska)
Bolshoy Shantar Island1,766682 Russia (Khabarovsk Krai)
Bolshoy Begichev Island1,764681 Russia (Sakha Republic)
Simeulue1,754677 Indonesia (Aceh)
Stewart Island (Rakiura)1,746674 New Zealand
Kobroor1,723665 Indonesia (Maluku)
Air Force Island1,720664 Canada (Nunavut)
Natuna Besar1,720664 Indonesia (Riau Islands)
Geographical Society Island1,717663 Greenland, constituent country of the  Kingdom of Denmark
Savai'i1,708659 Samoa
Bathurst Island1,693654 Australia (Northern Territory)
Bering Island1,660641 Russia (Kamchatka Krai)
Fuerteventura1,660641 Spain (Canary Islands)
Zanzibar (Unguja)1,658640 Tanzania
Skye1,656639 United Kingdom (Scotland)
Fraser Island1,653638 Australia (Queensland) (world's largest sand island)
Soisalo1,635[14]631 Finland (Northern Savonia and Southern Savonia) (not a true island: the surrounding lakes are of different levels)
Lesbos1,630629 Greece (North Aegean)
Salawati1,623627 Indonesia (West Papua)
Kunashir Island1,612622 Russia (Sakhalin Oblast) (also claimed by  Japan (Hokkaidō region))
Joinville Island1,607620None (Antarctic territorial claims by  Argentina,  Chile and  United Kingdom)
Tanahbesar (Wokam)1,604619 Indonesia (Maluku)
Oahu1,600618 United States (Hawaii)
Rantau1,597617 Indonesia (Riau)
Senja1,590[9]614 Norway (Troms)
Flaherty Island1,585612 Canada (Nunavut)
Gran Canaria1,560602 Spain (Canary Islands)
Graham Bell Island1,557601 Russia (Arkhangelsk Oblast)
Great Inagua1,544596 Bahamas
Eglinton Island1,541594 Canada (Northwest Territories)
Middle Andaman Island1,536593 India (Andaman and Nicobar Islands)
Clavering Island1,535593 Greenland, constituent country of the  Kingdom of Denmark
Pioneer Island1,527590 Russia (Krasnoyarsk Krai)
Great Karimun1,524588 Indonesia (Riau Islands)
Catanduanes1,523588 Philippines
Charcot Island1,500[Note 3]580None (Antarctic territorial claims by  Chile and  United Kingdom)
Rupat1,490575 Indonesia (Riau)
Nares Land1,466566 Greenland, constituent country of the  Kingdom of Denmark
South Andros Island1,448559 Bahamas
Kauai1,446558 United States (Hawaii)
Bhola Island1,441556 Bangladesh
Fergusson Island1,437555 Papua New Guinea
Urup1,436554 Russia (Sakhalin Oblast)
São Luís Island1,410544 Brazil (Maranhão)
Rhodes1,398540 Greece (South Aegean)
King George Island1,384534None (Antarctic territorial claims by  Argentina,  Chile and  United Kingdom)
Graham Island1,378532 Canada (Nunavut)
North Andaman Island1,376531 India (Andaman and Nicobar Islands)
Pitt Island1,375531 Canada (British Columbia)
Nottingham Island1,372530 Canada (Nunavut)
Flinders Island1,359525 Australia (Tasmania)
Desolación Island1,352522 Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
Ramree Island1,350521 Burma
Öland1,347[13]520 Sweden (Kalmar)
Qeshm1,336516 Iran
Lougheed Island1,308505 Canada (Nunavut)
Dawson Island1,290498 Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
Barents Island1,288[15]497 Norway (Svalbard)
Lembata1,270490 Indonesia (East Nusa Tenggara)
Basilan1,265488 Philippines (Muslim Mindanao and Zamboanga Peninsula)
Shannon Island1,258486 Greenland, constituent country of the  Kingdom of Denmark
Mill Island1,258486None (Antarctic territorial claim by  Australia)
Morfil1,250483 Senegal
Lolland1,243[12]480 Denmark (Zealand)
Mangole Island1,228474 Indonesia (North Maluku)
New Hanover Island (Lavongai)1,227474 Papua New Guinea
Rote1,226473 Indonesia (East Nusa Tenggara)
South Andaman Island1,211468 India (Andaman and Nicobar Islands)
Okinawa Island1,206466 Japan (Ryukyu Islands)
Tiburón Island1,200464 Mexico (Sonora)
Oleniy Island1,197463 Russia (Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug)
Campana Island1,188460 Chile (Aisén Region)
Aracena Island1,164451 Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
Sherman Island1,159448None (unclaimed island of Antarctica)
Grande Comore1,158447 Comoros
Byam Martin Island1,150444 Canada (Nunavut)
Great Abaco1,146442 Bahamas
Lifou Island1,146442 New Caledonia, self-governing overseas territory of  France
Wales Island1,137439 Canada (Nunavut)
Île Vanier1,126435 Canada (Nunavut)
Upolu1,125434 Samoa
Clarence Island1,111428 Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
Padang1,109428 Indonesia (Riau)
Martinique1,101425 France (overseas department)
Grand Bahama1,096423 Bahamas
Alexandra Land (Zemlya Aleksandry)1,095423 Russia (Arkhangelsk Oblast)
King Island1,091421 Australia (Tasmania)
Rowley Island1,090421 Canada (Nunavut)
Hecla Island1,084419 Canada (Manitoba)
Meighen Island1,074415 Canada (Nunavut)
Isla Margarita1,072414 Venezuela
Sääminginsalo1,069[14]413 Finland (Southern Savonia) (no true island because it is detached from the mainland by an artificial canal)
Serrano Island1,063411 Chile (Aisén Region)
Atka Island1,061410 United States (Alaska)
Cameron Island1,059409 Canada (Nunavut)
Banks Island1,054407 Canada (British Columbia)
Gallya (Hall Island)1,049405 Russia (Arkhangelsk Oblast)
Great Nicobar1,045403 India (Andaman and Nicobar Islands)
Madre de Dios Island1,043403 Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
Tahiti1,042402 French Polynesia, overseas collectivity of  France
Chongming Island1,041402 People's Republic of China (Shanghai Municipality)
Normanby Island1,040401 Papua New Guinea
Resolution Island1,015392 Canada (Nunavut)
Vansittart Island1,010394 Canada (Nunavut)
Mornington Island1,002387 Australia (Queensland)
Smyley Island1,000[Note 3]385None (Antarctic territorial claims by  Chile and  United Kingdom)

Islands 500–1,000 km2 (190–390 sq mi)[edit]

This section of the list is not complete, although it should cover all European islands over 500 km2 and most islands of other continents.

Island’s nameArea
(km2)[4]
Area
(sq mi)
Country or countries
Maya Karimata992383 Indonesia (West Kalimantan)
Santiago991383 Cape Verde
Hiiumaa989382 Estonia (Hiiumaa)
Russell Island989382 Canada (Nunavut)
Pemba982379 Tanzania (Zanzibar)
Santa Cruz979378 Ecuador (Galápagos Province)
Brabant Island977378None (Antarctic territorial claims by  Argentina,  Chile and  United Kingdom)
Little Lyakhovsky Island976378 Russia (Sakha Republic)
Livingston Island974377None (Antarctic territorial claims by  Argentina,  Chile and  United Kingdom)
Shetland Mainland969374 United Kingdom (Scotland)
Salisbury Island960371 Russia (Arkhangelsk Oblast)
Meighen Island955369 Canada (Nunavut)
Marinduque953368 Philippines (MIMAROPA)
Flevopolder948[Note 4]366 Netherlands (Flevoland)
Isla Ángel de la Guarda931360 Mexico (Baja California)
Umboi Island930360 Papua New Guinea
Bengkalis929360 Indonesia (Riau)
Rügen926358 Germany (Mecklenburg-Vorpommern)
Rangsang908350 Indonesia (Riau)
Akpatok Island903348 Canada (Nunavut)
Efate900347 Vanuatu
South Pagai900347 Indonesia (West Sumatra)
Attu Island896346 United States (Alaska)
Jens Munk Island891344 Canada (Nunavut)
Busuanga Island890344 Philippines (Palawan)
Lingga Island889343 Indonesia (Riau Islands)
Erromango888343 Vanuatu
Isle of Mull875338 United Kingdom (Scotland)
Woodlark Island874338 Papua New Guinea
Kabaena873337 Indonesia (South East Sulawesi)
Etolin Island870336 United States (Alaska)
Jolo869335 Philippines (Muslim Mindanao)
Vanatinai866334 Papua New Guinea
Melchor Island864333 Chile (Aisén Region)
Bubiyan Island863333 Kuwait
Langøya860[9]328 Norway (Nordland)
Sado Island855330 Japan (Chūbu region)
Basse-Terre847327 France (Guadeloupe, overseas department)
Sibiryakov Island847327 Russia (Krasnoyarsk Krai)
Karakelong846327 Indonesia (North Sulawesi)
Lanzarote846327 Spain (Canary Islands)
São Tomé Island845326 São Tomé and Príncipe
Chios842324 Greece (North Aegean)
King Island837322 Canada (British Columbia)
Sørøya816[9]313 Norway (Finnmark)
Hanover Island812313 Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
Ambon806311 Indonesia (Maluku)
Salisbury Island804310 Canada (Nunavut)
Sangmissoq803310 Greenland, constituent country of the  Kingdom of Denmark
White Island790305 Canada (Nunavut)
Santo Antão787304 Cape Verde
Kefalonia781301 Greece (Ionian Islands)
Ammassalik Island772298 Greenland, constituent country of the  Kingdom of Denmark
Dinagat769297 Philippines (Caraga)
Grant Island768297None (unclaimed island of Antarctica)
Prat Island761294 Chile (Aisén Region)
Singkep757292 Indonesia (Riau Islands)
Big Island756292 Canada (Nunavut)
São Miguel Island754291 Portugal (Azores)
Brock Island750289 Canada (Northwest Territories)
Dominica749289 Dominica
Mezhdusharskiy Island748288 Russia (Arkhangelsk Oblast)
Chatham Island745289 New Zealand
La Gonâve743287 Haiti
Madeira Island741286 Portugal (Madeira)
Little Andaman739285 India (Andaman and Nicobar Islands)
Kvaløya737[9]284 Norway (Troms)
Olkhon730282 Russia (Irkutsk Oblast)
Adak Island725280 United States (Alaska)
Montague Island722279 United States (Alaska)
Pantar720278 Indonesia (East Nusa Tenggara)
Wowoni715276 Indonesia (South East Sulawesi)
Anglesey (Ynys Môn)714276 United Kingdom (Wales)
Amami Ōshima712275 Japan (Kyūshū region)
Tsushima Island709273 Japan (Kyūshū region)
La Palma706273 Spain (Canary Islands)
Latady Island700[Note 3]270None (Antarctic territorial claims by  Argentina (partial),  Chile and  United Kingdom)
Pulau Ujong (Singapore Island)697269 Singapore
Chatham Island696269 Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
Komoran695268 Indonesia (Papua)
Drygalski Island694268None (Antarctic territorial claim by  Australia)
Minorca694268 Spain (Balearic Islands)
Bray Island691266 Canada (Nunavut)
Kolombangara688265 Solomon Islands
Goodenough Island687265 Papua New Guinea
Fasta Åland685[14]264 Finland (Åland)
Buka Island682264 Papua New Guinea
Kvitøya682[15]264 Norway (Svalbard)
Ambrym678262 Vanuatu
Molokai676261 United States (Hawaii)
Selayar666261 Indonesia (South Sulawesi)
Rennell Island660255 Solomon Islands
Supiori659254 Indonesia (Papua)
Masirah Island658254 Oman
Maré Island657253New Caledonia, self-governing overseas territory of  France
Ringvassøy656[9]253 Norway (Troms)
Alluttoq Island655253 Greenland, constituent country of the  Kingdom of Denmark
Dall Island655253 United States (Alaska)
King Christian Island653252 Canada (Nunavut)
Cozumel647250 Mexico (Quintana Roo)
Londonderry Island643249 Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
Kiritimati (Christmas Island)642248 Kiribati (largest coral atoll in the world)
Foley Island637246 Canada (Nunavut)
Boa Vista634245 Cape Verde
Kuhn Island634245 Greenland, constituent country of the  Kingdom of Denmark
Samosir630243 Indonesia (North Sumatra) (the largest island on another island - Sumatra)
Fernandina629243 Ecuador (Galápagos Province)
Polillo629243 Philippines (CALABARZON)
Vella Lavella629243 Solomon Islands
Contreras Island626242 Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
North Pagai622240 Indonesia (West Sumatra)
Saint Lucia622240 Saint Lucia
Islay620239 United Kingdom (Scotland)
Dirk Hartog Island620239 Australia (Western Australia)
Salsette Island619239 India (Maharashtra)
Benjamin Island618238 Chile (Aisén Region)
Renaud Island618238None (Antarctic territorial claims by  Argentina,  Chile and  United Kingdom)
Store Koldewey616238 Greenland, constituent country of the  Kingdom of Denmark
Prince Charles Foreland615[15]237 Norway (Svalbard)
MacKlintok Island612236 Russia (Arkhangelsk Oblast)
Sipura601230 Indonesia (West Sumatra)
Sherbro Island600230 Sierra Leone
Awaji Island593229 Japan (Kansai region)
Corfu592229 Greece (Ionian Islands)
Gordon Island591228 Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
Grande-Terre591228 France (Guadeloupe, overseas department)
Bornholm588[12]227 Denmark (Capital Region)
Masson Island585226None (Antarctic territorial claim by  Australia)
Santiago585226 Ecuador (Galápagos Province)
Hendrik Island583225 Greenland, constituent country of the  Kingdom of Denmark
Tawi-Tawi581224 Philippines (Muslim Mindanao)
North Kent Island577223 Canada (Nunavut)
Majuli577223 India (Assam) (largest freshwater island in South Asia)
Bahrain (main island)572221 Bahrain
Isle of Man572221 Isle of Man,  United Kingdom crown dependency
Ibiza571220 Spain (Balearic Islands)
Hitra572[9]221 Norway (Sør-Trøndelag)
Patricio Lynch Island561217 Chile (Aisén Region)
Guimaras560216 Philippines (Western Visayas)
Wrangell Island560216 United States (Alaska)
Great Abaco559216 Bahamas
Seiland559[9]216 Norway (Finnmark)
Elephant Island558215None (Antarctic territorial claims by  Argentina,  Chile and  United Kingdom)
Sanana Island558215 Indonesia (North Maluku)
Tanna555214 Vanuatu
Emerald Isle552213 Canada (Northwest Territories)
Sangir Island552213 Indonesia (North Sulawesi)
Kai Besar550212 Indonesia (Maluku)
San Cristóbal Island547211 Ecuador (Galápagos Province)
Mitkof Island546211 United States (Alaska)
Phuket543210 Thailand
Guam541209 Guam, territory of the  United States
Padre Island541209 United States (Texas)
Upernivik Island541209 Greenland, constituent country of the  Kingdom of Denmark
Long Island538208 Bahamas
Jorge Montt Island537207 Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
Isle Royale537207 United States (Michigan)
Belkovsky Island535206 Russia (Sakha Republic)
Isla de los Estados534206 Argentina (Patagonia Region)
Ukerewe Island530205 Tanzania
Mornington Island529204 Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
Nootka Island529204 Canada (British Columbia)
Tanaga Island529204 United States (Alaska)
Austvågøy527[9]203 Norway (Nordland)
Kimito Island524[14]202 Finland (Finland Proper)
Yakushima524202 Japan (Kyūshū region)
Cheduba Island523202 Burma
Santa Catarina523202 Brazil (Santa Catarina)
Orkney Mainland523202 United Kingdom (Scotland)
Duke of York Island522201 Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
Porcher Island522201 Canada (British Columbia)
Jackson Island521201 Russia (Arkhangelsk Oblast)
Traiguen Island520201 Chile (Aisén Region)
Esmeralda Island515199 Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
Phú Quốc515199 Vietnam
Falster514199 Denmark (Zealand)
Auckland Island510197 New Zealand
Djerba510197 Tunisia
Adonara509197 Indonesia (East Nusa Tenggara)
Vangunu509197 Solomon Islands
Acklins508196 Bahamas
Nendo Island506195 Solomon Islands
Coiba503194 Panama
Zhoushan Island503194 People's Republic of China (Zhejiang Province)
Biliran Island502193 Philippines (Eastern Visayas)
Hearst Island500[Note 3]193None (Antarctic territorial claims by  Argentina,  Chile and  United Kingdom)
Rothschild Island500[Note 3]193None (Antarctic territorial claims by  Argentina,  Chile and  United Kingdom)

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The Republic of China (ROC) is a state commonly referred to as Taiwan. It is also diplomatically occasionally known as Chinese Taipei or other names. The ROC is no longer a United Nations member since late 1971 and regarded by UN as Taiwan, Province of China (see also One-China policy and Political status of Taiwan. It is currently recognized by the Holy See and 23 UN member states and with de facto international relations with most others. Taiwan keeps substantial political, economic, and military relations with the United States, Japan, EU countries among major states. The political status of the ROC and the legal status of Taiwan (alongside the territories under the ROC jurisdiction since 1945) are in dispute. The ROC should not be confused with the People's Republic of China (PRC) which is usually referred to as China, or the Republic of Taiwan proposed by supporters of Taiwan independence.
  2. ^ The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus claims and controls one third of the island of Cyprus, although this is not recognised by any country except Turkey.
  3. ^ a b c d e See also: List of Antarctic and sub-Antarctic islands
  4. ^ See also: List of islands in lakes

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Australia in Brief - Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade". Dfat.gov.au. Retrieved 2010-08-30. 
  2. ^ Global warming and the stability of the West Antarctic Ice Sheet, Michael Oppenheimer, 1998 (see map of Antarctica showing regions where bedrock is below sea level)
  3. ^ Bamber, Jonathan L.; River, Vermeersen, LeBrocq (May 2009). "Reassessment of the Potential Sea-Level Rise from a Collapse of the West Antarctic Ice Sheet". Science 324 (59295): 901–903. doi:10.1126/science.1169335. PMID 19443778. Retrieved 3 June 2013. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h "Islands By Land Area". Islands.unep.ch. Retrieved 2010-08-01. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "Joshua Calder's World Island Info". Worldislandinfo.com. Retrieved 2010-08-30. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af "Atlas of Canada". Atlas.nrcan.gc.ca. 2009-08-12. Retrieved 2010-08-30. 
  7. ^ "Greenland's huge ice sheet is melting far faster than scientists expected", San Francisco Chronicle, 2 July 2006.
  8. ^ Nolan, Professor William. "Geography of Ireland". Government of Ireland. Retrieved 2009-11-11. 
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "Statistisk ĺrbok 2009: Geografisk oversikt" (in Norwegian). Ssb.no. Retrieved 2010-08-01. 
  10. ^ Monthly Bulletin of Interior Statistics 2011.12, Department of Statistics, Ministry of the Interior, Taiwan/R.O.C.
  11. ^ Dunham, Mike (July 31, 2010). "Turns out Kodiak is largest U.S. island, depending on viewpoint". Anchorage Daily News. Retrieved August 1, 2010. 
  12. ^ a b c d e "Kort & Matrikelstyrelsen - Střrste řer". 2003-09-23. Retrieved 2010-08-01. 
  13. ^ a b http://www.scb.se/statistik/MI/MI0812/2000I02/MI50SM0101.pdf
  14. ^ a b c d "Suomen suurimmat saaret". Kauko Huotari. Retrieved 2010-08-01. 
  15. ^ a b c "s001-001.fm" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2010-08-01. 

Most figures are taken from the United Nations Environment Programme list of islands by area.

Figures about Canadian islands are mainly from this site:

Figures about islands of Chile can be found on this site:

This site gives important information on islands of Greenland:

External links[edit]