List of impact craters on Earth

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This list of impact craters on Earth includes confirmed impact craters as listed in the Earth Impact Database.

Confirmed impact craters listed by size[edit]

Karakul, 52km

Only the largest craters (20 km or more diameter) are listed below; the rest are listed by geographical region on subsidiary lists. These features were caused by the collision of large meteorites or comets with the Earth. For eroded or buried craters, the stated diameter typically refers to the best available estimate of the original rim diameter, and may not correspond to present surface features.

NameLocationCountryDiameter (km)Age (million years)Coordinates
VredefortFree StateSouth Africa300202327°0′S 27°30′E / 27.000°S 27.500°E / -27.000; 27.500 (Vredefort)
SudburyOntarioCanada250184946°36′N 81°11′W / 46.600°N 81.183°W / 46.600; -81.183 (Sudbury)
ChicxulubYucatánMexico1806521°20′N 89°30′W / 21.333°N 89.500°W / 21.333; -89.500 (Chicxulub)
PopigaiSiberiaRussia9035.771°39′N 111°11′E / 71.650°N 111.183°E / 71.650; 111.183 (Popigai)
AcramanSouth AustraliaAustralia9058032°1′S 135°27′E / 32.017°S 135.450°E / -32.017; 135.450 (Acraman)
ManicouaganQuebecCanada8521551°23′N 68°42′W / 51.383°N 68.700°W / 51.383; -68.700 (Manicouagan)
MorokwengKalahari DesertSouth Africa7014526°28′S 23°32′E / 26.467°S 23.533°E / -26.467; 23.533 (Morokweng)
KaraNenetsiaRussia6570.369°6′N 64°9′E / 69.100°N 64.150°E / 69.100; 64.150 (Kara)
Lake TaiChinaChina65360-41531°14′N 120°8′E / 31.233°N 120.133°E / 31.233; 120.133 (Lake Tai)
BeaverheadIdaho and MontanaUnited States6060044°15′N 114°0′W / 44.250°N 114.000°W / 44.250; -114.000 (Beaverhead)
TookoonookaQueenslandAustralia55112-13327°7′S 142°50′E / 27.117°S 142.833°E / -27.117; 142.833 (Tookoonooka)
CharlevoixQuebecCanada5434247°32′N 70°18′W / 47.533°N 70.300°W / 47.533; -70.300 (Charlevoix)
Siljan RingDalarnaSweden5237761°2′N 14°52′E / 61.033°N 14.867°E / 61.033; 14.867 (Siljan)
KarakulPamir MountainsTajikistan522539°1′N 73°27′E / 39.017°N 73.450°E / 39.017; 73.450 (Kara-Kul)
MontagnaisNova ScotiaCanada4550.542°53′N 64°13′W / 42.883°N 64.217°W / 42.883; -64.217 (Montagnais)
AraguainhaCentral BrazilBrazil40244.416°47′S 52°59′W / 16.783°S 52.983°W / -16.783; -52.983 (Araguainha)
Chesapeake BayVirginiaUnited States4035.537°17′N 76°1′W / 37.283°N 76.017°W / 37.283; -76.017 (Chesapeake Bay)
MjølnirBarents SeaNorway4014273°48′N 29°40′E / 73.800°N 29.667°E / 73.800; 29.667 (Mjølnir)
Puchezh-KatunkiNizhny Novgorod OblastRussia4016756°58′N 43°43′E / 56.967°N 43.717°E / 56.967; 43.717 (Puchezh-Katunki)
Saint MartinManitobaCanada4022051°47′N 98°32′W / 51.783°N 98.533°W / 51.783; -98.533 (Saint Martin)
WoodleighWestern AustraliaAustralia4036426°3′S 114°40′E / 26.050°S 114.667°E / -26.050; 114.667 (Woodleigh)
CarswellSaskatchewanCanada3911558°27′N 109°30′W / 58.450°N 109.500°W / 58.450; -109.500 (Carswell)
Clearwater WestQuebecCanada3629056°13′N 74°30′W / 56.217°N 74.500°W / 56.217; -74.500 (Clearwater West)
MansonIowaUnited States357442°35′N 94°33′W / 42.583°N 94.550°W / 42.583; -94.550 (Manson)
Slate IslandsOntarioCanada3045048°40′N 87°0′W / 48.667°N 87.000°W / 48.667; -87.000 (Slate Islands)
YarrabubbaWestern AustraliaAustralia301134-265027°10′S 118°50′E / 27.167°S 118.833°E / -27.167; 118.833 (Yarrabubba)
KeurusselkäWestern FinlandFinland301400-150062°8′N 24°36′E / 62.133°N 24.600°E / 62.133; 24.600 (Keurusselkä)
ShoemakerWestern AustraliaAustralia301630?25°52′S 120°53′E / 25.867°S 120.883°E / -25.867; 120.883 (Shoemaker)
MistastinNewfoundland and LabradorCanada2836.455°53′N 63°18′W / 55.883°N 63.300°W / 55.883; -63.300 (Mistastin)
Clearwater EastQuebecCanada2629056°04′N 74°06′W / 56.067°N 74.100°W / 56.067; -74.100 (Clearwater East)
KamenskSouthern Federal DistrictRussia254948°21′N 40°30′E / 48.350°N 40.500°E / 48.350; 40.500 (Kamensk)
Steen RiverAlbertaCanada259159°30′N 117°38′W / 59.500°N 117.633°W / 59.500; -117.633 (Steen River)
StrangwaysNorthern TerritoryAustralia2564615°12′S 133°35′E / 15.200°S 133.583°E / -15.200; 133.583 (Strangways)
TunuunikNorthwest TerritoriesCanada25130-45072°28′N 113°58′W / 72.467°N 113.967°W / 72.467; -113.967 (Tunuunik)
BoltyshKirovohrad OblastUkraine2465.1748°54′N 32°15′E / 48.900°N 32.250°E / 48.900; 32.250 (Boltysh)
Nördlinger RiesBavariaGermany2414.3-14.548°53′N 10°34′E / 48.883°N 10.567°E / 48.883; 10.567 (Nördlinger Ries)
Presqu'îleQuebecCanada24less than 50049°43′N 74°48′W / 49.717°N 74.800°W / 49.717; -74.800 (Presqu'ile)
HaughtonNunavutCanada233975°23′N 89°40′W / 75.383°N 89.667°W / 75.383; -89.667 (Haughton)
LappajärviFinlandFinland2373.363°12′N 23°42′E / 63.200°N 23.700°E / 63.200; 23.700 (Lappajärvi)
RochechouartFranceFrance2320145°49′27″N 0°46′54″E / 45.82417°N 0.78167°E / 45.82417; 0.78167 (Rochechouart)
Gosses BluffNorthern TerritoryAustralia22142.523°49′15″S 132°18′28″E / 23.82083°S 132.30778°E / -23.82083; 132.30778 (Gosses Bluff)
Amelia CreekNorthern TerritoryAustralia20600-166020°55′S 134°50′E / 20.917°S 134.833°E / -20.917; 134.833 (Amelia Creek)
LoganchaSiberiaRussia204065°31′N 95°56′E / 65.517°N 95.933°E / 65.517; 95.933 (Logancha)
Obolon'Poltava OblastUkraine2016949°35′N 32°55′E / 49.583°N 32.917°E / 49.583; 32.917 (Obolon')

Large unconfirmed craters[edit]

NameLocationCountryDiameter (km)Age (million years)Coordinates
Australian impact structureNorthern TerritoryAustralia600545
Shiva crateroffshore of IndiaIndia50065
Nastapoka arcNunavut/QuebecCanada500unknown57°00′N 78°50′W / 57.000°N 78.833°W / 57.000; -78.833 (Hudson Bay)|
Wilkes Land craterWilkes LandAntarctica480-500250-500
Czech CraterBohemiaCzech Republic400-5002000
Bedoutoffshore of Western AustraliaAustralia250250
East Warburton BasinSouthern AustraliaAustralia200300
Ullapooloffshore of ScotlandUnited Kingdom1501177
Maniitsoq craterGreenlandGreenland100300065°25′N 52°54′W / 65.417°N 52.900°W / 65.417; -52.900 (maniitsoq)
Rubielos de la CéridaSpainSpain80x4030-40
Vichada Impact StructureVichadaColombia50unknown4°30′N 69°15′W / 4.500°N 69.250°W / 4.500; -69.250 (Vichada)
AzuaraAzuaraSpain35-4030-4041°12′N 0°15′W / 41.200°N 0.250°W / 41.200; -0.250 (Azuara)
KebiraGilf KebirLibya31unknown24°40′N 24°58′E / 24.667°N 24.967°E / 24.667; 24.967 (Kebira)
BurckleIndian Ocean300.003 (c.3000 BC)
Mahuikaoffshore of New ZealandNew Zealand200.0005 (c.1400 AD)
Toms Canyonoffshore of New JerseyUnited States2035

All craters listed alphabetically[edit]

See:

See also[edit]

External links[edit]