List of human blood components

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This is a List of human blood components and their concentrations.

Blood has many constituents and these will vary depending on factors such as age, state of health, diet and other details. Conventionally, a range of two standard deviations from the mean for each component is considered normal.[1]

CompoundCommentsIn whole blood (g/cm³)In plasma or serum (g/cm³)
WaterSolvent0.81-0.860.93-0.95
AcetoacetateProduced in liver8-40 ×10−74-43 ×10−7
Acetoneproduct of bodyfat breakdown-3-20 ×10−6
AcetylcholineNeurotransmitter of the parasympathetic nervous system-6.6-8.2 ×10−8
Adenosine triphosphateEnergy storage--
"total3.1-5.7 ×10−4-
"phosphorus5-10 ×10−5-
Adrenocorticotrophic hormoneStimulates the adrenal cortex-2.5-12 ×10−11
"@ 6AM, mean-5.5 ×10−11
"@ 6AM, maximum-12 ×10−11
"@ 6PM, mean-3.5 ×10−11
"@ 6PM, maximum-<7.5 ×10−11
AlanineAmino acid2.7-5.5 ×10−52.4-7.6 ×10−5
AlbuminBlood plasma protein-3.5-5.2 ×10−2
Aluminum-1-40 ×10−81-88 ×10−8
AldosteroneRegulates electrolyte balance--
"supine-3-10 ×10−11
"standing, male-6-22 ×10−11
"standing, female-5-30 ×10−11
Amino acidsProtein building blocks--
"total3.8-5.3 ×10−4-
"nitrogen4.6-6.8 ×10−53.0-5.5 ×10−5
alpha-Aminobutyric acid-1-2 ×10−61-2 ×10−6
d-Aminolevulinic acid--1.5-2.3 ×10−7
Ammonia nitrogen-1-2 ×10−61.0-4.9 ×10−7
cAMPIntracellular signal transduction molecule--
"male-5.6-10.9 ×10−9
"female-3.6-8.9 ×10−9
AndrostenedioneSteroid hormone-
"male >18 yrs-2-30 ×10−10
"female >18 yrs-8-30 ×10−10
AndrosteroneSteroid hormone-1.5 ×10−7
Angiotensin IAngiotensin II precursor-1.1-8.8 ×10−11
Angiotensin IIVasoconstrictor-1.2-3.6 ×10−11
Alpha 1-antitrypsinSerine protease inhibitor-7.8-20 ×10−4
ArginineAmino acid6-17 ×10−61.3-3.6 ×10−5
Arsenic---
"normal range2-62 ×10−9-
"chronic poisoning100-500 ×10−9-
"acute poisoning600-9300 ×10−9-
Ascorbic acid (Vitamin C)Important vitamin1-15 ×10−66-20 ×10−6
Aspartic acidAmino acid-0-3 ×10−6
Aspartic acid (in WBCs)-2.5-4.0 ×10−49-12 ×10−6
BicarbonateBuffer in blood-5-5.7 × 10-4
Bile acidsDigestive function, bilirubin excretion2-30 × 10-63-30 × 10-6
BilirubinHemoglobin metabolite2-14 × 10-61-10 × 10-6
Biotin (Vitamin H)Gluconeogenesis,metabolize leucine,fatty acid synthesis7-17 × 10-99-16 × 10-9
Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN)--8-23 × 10-5
Bradykinin--7 × 10-11
Bromide--7-10 × 10-9
Cadmium---
"normal1-5 × 10-9-
"toxic0.1-3 × 10-6-
Calciferol (vitamin D2)Maintain calcium and phosphorus levels-1.7-4.1 × 10-8
Calcitonin (CT)Hormone-<1.0 × 10-10
CalciumBones, Ca2+--
"ionized4.48-4.92 × 10-54.25-5.25 × 10-5
"total-8.4-11.5 × 10-5
Carbon dioxideRespiratory gas--
"arterial8.8-10.8 × 10-43.0-7.9 × 10-5
"venous9.8-11.8 × 10-43.3-8.3 × 10-5
Carboxyhemoglobin(as HbCO)---
"nonsmokers0.5-1.5% total Hb-
"smokers, 1-2 packs/day4-5% total Hb-
"smokers, 2 packs/day8-9% total Hb-
"toxic>20% total Hb-
"lethal>50% total Hb-
Carcinoembryonic antigen--<2.5 × 10-9
beta-CaroteneVitamin A dimer-3-25 × 10-7
CarotenoidsAntioxidant2.4-23.1 × 10-7-
Cephalin-3-11.5 × 10-40-1 × 10-4
Ceruloplasmin--1.5-6 × 10-4
Chloride, as NaCl-4.5-5 × 10-33.5-3.8 × 10-3
Cholecalciferol (Vitamin D3)---
"1, 25-dihydroxy-2.5-4.5 × 10-11
"24,25-dihydroxy-1.5 × 10-9
"25-hydroxy-1.4-8 × 10-8
Cholecystokinin (pancreozymin)Stimulates fat and protein digestion-6.04 × 10-11
CholesterolSteroid lipid--
"LDLC-0.5-2.0 × 10-3
"HDLC-2.9-9.0 × 10-4
"total1.15-2.25 × 10-31.2-2 × 10-3
Choline, total-1.1-3.1 × 10-43.6-3.5 × 10-4
Chorionic gonadotropinProgesterone secretion during pregnancy--
"Menstrual-0-3 × 10-11
"Pregnancy, 1st trimester-5-3300 × 10-10
"Pregnancy, 2nd trimester-20-1000 × 10-10
"Pregnancy, 3rd trimester-20-50 × 10-10
"Menopausal-3-30 × 10-11
Citric acid-1.3-2.5 × 10-51.6-3.2 × 10-5
Citrulline--2-10 × 10-6
Coagulation Factors---
"Fibrinogen1.2-1.6 × 10-32-4 × 10-3
"Prothrombin-1 × 10-4
"Tissue thromboplastin-1 × 10-6
"Proaccelerin-5-12 × 10-6
"Proconvertin-1 × 10-6
"Antihemophilic factor-1 × 10-7
"Christmas factor-4 × 10-6
"Stuart factor-5 × 10-6
"Plasma thrmb. anteced.-4 × 10-6
"Hageman factor-2.9 × 10-5
"Fibrin stabilizing factor-1 × 10-5
"Fibrin split products-<1 × 10-5
"Fletcher factor-5 × 10-5
"Fitzgerald factor-7 × 10-5
"von Willebrand factor-7 × 10-6
Cobalamin (Vitamin B12)Needed for nerve cells, red blood cells, and to make DNA6-14 × 10-101-10 × 10-10
Cocarboxylase--7-9 × 10-8
Complement system---
"C1q-5.8-7.2 × 10-5
"C1r-2.5-3.8 × 10-5
"C1s (C1 esterase)-2.5-3.8 × 10-5
"C2-2.2-3.4 × 10-5
"C3( b1C-globulin)-8-15.5 × 10-4
"factor B (C3 proactivator)-2-4.5 × 10-4
"C4 (b1E-globulin)-1.3-3.7 × 10-4
"C4 binding protein-1.8-3.2 × 10-4
"C5 (b1F-globulin)-5.1-7.7 × 10-5
"C6-4.8-6.4 × 10-5
"C7-4.9-7 × 10-5
"C8-4.3-6.3 × 10-5
"C9-4.7-6.9 × 10-5
"Properdin-2.4-3.2 × 10-5
Compound S--1-3 × 10-9
Copper-9-15 × 10-7-
"male-7-14 × 10-7
"female-8-15.5 × 10-7
CorticosteroidsSteroid hormones-1-4 × 10-6
Corticosterone--4-20 × 10-9
CortisolInhibits CRH secretion-3-23 × 10-8
"8 AM-6-23 × 10-8
"4 PM-3-15 × 10-8
"10 PM-~50% of 8 AM value
C-peptide---
"fasting-0.5-2.0 × 10-9
"maximum-4 × 10-9
C-reactive proteinPlasma protein-6.8-820 × 10-8
CreatineAssists muscle cell energy supply--
"male-1.7-5.0 × 10-6
"female-3.5-9.3 × 10-6
Creatinine---
"male-0.8-1.5 × 10-5
"female-0.7-1.2 × 10-5
Cyanide---
"nonsmokers-4 × 10-9
"smokers-6 × 10-9
"nitroprusside therapy-10-60 × 10-9
"toxic->100 × 10-9
"lethal->1000 × 10-9
CysteineAmino acid6-12 × 10-61.8-5 × 10-5
Dehydroepiandrosterone(DHEA)Steroid hormone--
"aged 1-4 yrs-0.2-0.4 × 10-9
"aged 4-8 yrs-0.1-1.9 × 10-9
"aged 8-10 yrs-0.2-2.9 × 10-9
"aged 10-12 yrs-0.5-9.2 × 10-9
"aged 12-14 yrs-0.9-20 × 10-9
"aged 14-16 yrs-2.5-20 × 10-9
"male-0.8-10 × 10-9
"female, premenopausal-2.0-15 × 10-9
DHEA sulfatemale-1.99-3.34 × 10-6
DHEA sulfatefemale--
"newborn-1.67-3.64 × 10-6
"pre-pubertal children-1.0-6.0 × 10-7
"premenopausal-8.2-33.8 × 10-7
"pregnancy-2.3-11.7 × 10-7
"postmenopausal-1.1-6.1 × 10-7
11-Deoxycortisol--1-7 × 10-8
Dihydrotestosterone (DHT)---
"male-3-8 × 10-9
"female-1-10 × 10-10
Diphosphoglycerate (phosphate)-8-16 × 10-5-
DNAThe molecule of heredity-0-1.6 × 10-5
DopamineNeurotransmitter-<1.36 × 10-10
Enzymes, total--<6 × 10-5
Epidermal growth factor (EGF)--<1 × 10-11
EpinephrineNeurotransmitter of the sympathetic nervous system--
"after 15 min rest-3.1-9.5 × 10-11
"when emitted3.8 × 10-92-2.5 × 10-9
Ergothioneine-1-20 × 10-5-
Erythrocytes (#/cm³)---
"adult male, avg. (range)5.2 (4.6-6.2) × 109
"adult female, avg. (range)4.6 (4.2-5.4) × 109
"children, varies with age4.5-5.1 × 109
"reticulocytes25-75 × 106
Erythropoietin---
"adult, normal-0.5-2.5 × 10-10
"pregnant-2.7-6.2 × 10-10
"hypoxia or anemia-0.8-8.0 × 10-8
Estradiol (E2)---
"male-8-36 × 10-12
"female, follicular(days 1-10)-1-9 × 10-11
"female, mean-5 × 10-11
"female, pre-fertile (days 10-12)-10-15 × 10-11
"female, fertile (days 12-14)-35-60 × 10-11
"female, luteal (days 15-28)-20-40 × 10-11
"female, pregnancy-3-70 × 10-7
"female, postmenopausal-1-3 × 10-11
Estriol (E3)---
"nonpregnant-<2 × 10-9
"pregnancy, weeks 22-30-3-5 × 10-9
"pregnancy, weeks 32-37-6-11 × 10-9
"pregnancy, weeks 38-41-25-170 × 10-9
Estrogen---
"male-4-11.5 × 10-11
"female, prepubertal-<4 × 10-11
"female, 1-10 days-6.1-39.4 × 10-11
"female, 11-20 days-12.2-43.7 × 10-11
"female, 21-30 days-15.6-35 × 10-11
"female, postmenopausal-<4 × 10-11
Estrone (E1)---
"male-2.9-17 × 10-11
"female, follicular-2-15 × 10-11
"female, 1-10 days of cycle-4.3-18 × 10-11
"female, 11-20 days of cycle-7.5-19.6 × 10-11
"female, 20-29 days of cycle-13.1-20.1 × 10-11
"pregnancy, weeks 22-30-3-5 × 10-9
"pregnancy, weeks 32-37-5-6 × 10-9
"pregnancy, weeks 38-41-7-10 × 10-9
Ethanol---
"social high-0.5 × 10-3
"reduced coordination-0.8 × 10-3
"depression of CNS->1 × 10-3
"confusion, falling down-2.0 × 10-3
"loss of consciousness-3.0 × 10-3
"coma, death->4 × 10-3
Fat, neutralsee Triglycerides--
Fatty acids, nonesterified (free)-8-25 × 10-5
Fatty acids, esterified-2.5-3.9 × 10-37-20 × 10-5
Fatty acids, total--1.9-4.5 × 10-3
Ferritin-
"male-1.5-30 × 10-8
"female-0.9-18 × 10-8
alpha-1-Fetoprotein--0-2 × 10-8
Flavin adenine dinucleotide--8-12 × 10-8
Fluoride-1-4.5 × 10-71-4.5 × 10-7
Folate--2.2-17.3 × 10-9
"in erythrocyte-1.67-7.07 × 10-7
Folic acid2.3-5.2 × 10-81.6-2 × 10-8
Fructose0-5 × 10-57-8 × 10-5
Furosemide glucuronide-1-400 × 10-6
Galactose (children)-<2 × 10-4
Gastric inhibitory peptide (GIP)-<1.25-4.0 × 10-10
Gastrin-
"mean-7 × 10-11
"maximum-<20 × 10-11
Globulin--total 2.2-4 × 10-2
alpha-1-Globulin-1-4 × 10-3
alpha-2-Globulin-4-10 × 10-3
beta globulin-5-12 × 10-3
gamma globulin-6-17 × 10-3
Glucagon-
"range-5-15 × 10-11
"mean-7.1-7.9 × 10-11
Glucosamine---
"fetus4-6 × 10-44.2-5.5 × 10-4
"child5-7 × 10-45.2-6.9 × 10-4
"adult6-8 × 10-46.1-8.2 × 10-4
"aged7-9 × 10-47.0-8.9 × 10-4
Glucose-
"newborn2-3 × 10-4-
"adult6.5-9.5 × 10-47-10.5 × 10-4
"diabetic14-120 × 10-4-
Glucuronic acid4.1-9.3 × 10-58-11 × 10-6
Glutamic acid-2-28 × 10-6
Glutamine-4.6-10.6 × 10-5
Glutathione, reduced2.5-4.1 × 10-40
Glycerol, free-2.9-17.2 × 10-6
Glycine1.7-2.3 × 10-58-54 × 10-6
Glycogen1.2-16.2 × 10-50
Glycoprotein, acid-4-15 × 10-4
cGMP-0.6-4.4 × 10-9
Gonadotropin-releasing hormone-1-80 × 10-12
Guanidine1.8-2.3 × 10-6-
Haptoglobin-3-22 × 10-4
Hemoglobin1.2-1.75 × 10-11-4 × 10-5
"newborn1.65-1.95 × 10-1-
"children, varies with age1.12-1.65 × 10-1-
"adult, male1.4-1.8 × 10-1-
"adult, female1.2-1.6 × 10-1-
"inside erythrocyte~3.3 × 10-1-
"per red blood cell27-32 picograms-
Hexosephosphate P1.4-5 × 10-50-2 × 10-6
Histamine6.7-8.6 × 10-8-
Histidine9-17 × 10-61.1-3.8 × 10-5
Hydrogen ion(pH 7.4)4 × 10-11-
beta-Hydroxybutyric acid1-6 × 10-61-9 × 10-6
17-Hydroxycorticosteroids4-10 × 10-8-
17-Hydroxyprogesterone---
"male-20-250 × 10-11
"female, follicular-20-80 × 10-11
"female, luteal-80-300 × 10-11
"female, postmenopausal-4-50 × 10-11
"female, child-20-140 × 10-11
Antibodies---
"Immunoglobulin A (IgA)-5-39 × 10-4
"Immunoglobulin D (IgD)-0.5-8.0 × 10-5
"Immunoglobulin G (IgG)-5.0-19 × 10-3
"Immunoglobulin M (IgM)-3.0-30 × 10-4
"Immunoglobulin E (IgE)-<5 × 10-7
Indican--8-50 × 10-7
Inositol--3-7 × 10-6
Insulin--2.0-8.4 × 10-10
Insulin-like growth factor--9.9-50 × 10-8
Iodine, total-2.4-3.2 × 10-84.5-14.5 × 10-8
Iron, adult-4-6 × 10-46-18 × 10-7
Isoleucine-9-15 × 10-61.2-4.2 × 10-5
Ketone bodies-2.3-10 × 10-61.5-30 × 10-6
alpha-Ketonic acids, adult-1-30 × 10-6-
L-Lactate---
"arterial<11.3 × 10-54.5-14.4 × 10-5
"venous8.1-15.3 × 10-54.5-19.8 × 10-5
Lead---
"normal1-5 × 10-71-7.8 × 10-8
"toxic>6-10 × 10-7-
Lecithin-1.1-1.2 × 10-31-2.25 × 10-3
Leptin-1.2 × 10-8-
Leucine-1.4-2 × 10-51.2-5.2 × 10-5
Leukocytes (#/cm³) Total:---
"total, birth9.0-30.0 × 106-
"total, pediatric4.5-15.5 × 106-
"total, adult, range4.3-11.0 × 106-
"total, adult, median7.0 × 106-
"Neutrophil granulocytes, birth6.0-26.0 × 106-
"Neutrophils, pediatric1.5-8.5 × 106-
"Neutrophils, adult, range1.83-7.25 × 106-
"Neutrophils, adult, median3.65 × 106-
"Eosinophil granulocytes birth0.4 × 106-
"Eosinophils, pediatric0.2-0.3 × 106-
"Eosinophils, adult, range0.05-0.7 × 106-
"Eosinophils, adult, median0.15 × 106-
"Basophil granulocytes, adult, range0.015-0.15 × 106-
"Basophils, adult, median0.03 × 106-
"Lymphocytes, birth2-11 × 106-
"Lymphocyte, pediatric1.5-8.0 × 106-
"Lymphocyte, adult, range1.5-4.0 × 106-
"Lymphocyte, adult, median2.5 × 106-
"Monocytes, birth, range0.4-3.1 × 106-
"Monocytes, birth, median1.05 × 106-
"Monocytes, pediatric0.4 × 106-
"Monocytes, adult, range0.21-1.05 × 106-
"Monocytes, adult, median0.43 × 106-
"Phagocytes, birth, range6-26 × 106-
"Phagocytes, birth, median11 × 106-
"Phagocytes, pediatric, range1.5-8.5 × 106-
"Phagocytes, pediatric, median4.1 × 106-
"Phagocytes, adult, range3.5-9.2 × 106-
"Phagocytes, CD4 cell count0.5-1.5 × 106-
Lipase P-1.2-1.4 × 10-4-
Lipids, total-4.45-6.1 × 10-34-8.5 × 10-3
Lipoprotein (Sr 12-20)--1-10 × 10-4
Lithium-1.5-2.5 × 10-8-
Lysine-1.3-3 × 10-52-5.8 × 10-5
Lysozyme (muramidase)--1-15 × 10-6
alpha 2-macroglobulin---
"pediatric-2-7 × 10-3
"male, adult-0.9-4.0 × 10-3
"female, adult-1.2-5.4 × 10-3
Magnesium-3.2-5.5 × 10-51.8-3.6 × 10-5
Malic acid-4.6 × 10-61-9 × 10-6
Manganese-0-2.5 × 10-70-1.9 × 10-7
Melatonin---
"Day-1.35-1.45 × 10-11
"Night-6.07-7.13 × 10-11
Mercury---
"normal<1 × 10-8-
"chronic>20 × 10-8-
Methemoglobin-4-6 × 10-4-
Methionine-4-6 × 10-61-15 × 10-6
Methyl guanidine-2-3 × 10-6-
beta-2-microglobulin--8-24 × 10-7
MIP-1a--2.3 × 10-11
MIP-1b--9 × 10-11
Mucopolysaccharides--1.75-2.25 × 10-3
Mucoproteins--8.65-9.6 × 10-4
Nerve growth factor (NGF)--6-10 × 10-9
Niacin-5-8 × 10-62-15 × 10-7
Nitrogen---
"respiratory gas8.2 × 10-69.7 × 10-6
"total, nonrespiratory3-3.7 × 10-2-
NorepinephrineNeurotransmitter of the sympathetic nervous system--
"after 15 min rest-2.15-4.75 × 10-10
"when emitted8.1 × 10-98.5 × 10-9
Nucleotide, total-3.1-5.2 × 10-4-
Ornithine--4-14 × 10-6
Oxalate--1-2.4 × 10-6
Oxygen (respiratory gas)---
"arterial2.4-3.2 × 10-43.9 × 10-6
"venous1.6-2.3 × 10-41.6 × 10-6
Oxytocin---
"male-2 × 10-12
"female, nonlactating-2 × 10-12
"female, pregnant 33-40 wks-32-48 × 10-12
Pancreatic polypeptide--5-20 × 10-11
Pantothenic acid (vitamin B5)-1.5-4.5 × 10-76-35 × 10-8
Para-aminobenzoic acid-3-4 × 10-8-
Parathyroid hormone (PTH)--2-4 × 10-10
Pentose, phosphorated--2-2.3 × 10-5
Phenol, free-7-10 × 10-7-
Phenylalanine-8-12 × 10-61.1-4 × 10-5
Phospholipid-2.25-2.85 × 10-35-12 × 10-5
Phosphatase, acid, prostatic--<3 × 10-9
Phosphorus---
"inorganic, adult2-3.9 × 10-52.3-4.5 × 10-5
"inorganic, children-4.0-7.0 × 10-5
"total3.5-4.3 × 10-41-1.5 × 10-4
Phytanic acid--<3 × 10-6
Platelets (#/cm³):---
"range1.4-4.4 × 108-
"median2.5 × 108-
Platelet-derived growth factor--5.0 × 10-8
Polysaccharides, total--7.3-13.1 × 10-4
Potassium-1.6-2.4 × 10-31.4-2.2 × 10-4
Pregnenolone--3-20 × 10-10
Progesterone (male)--12-20 × 10-11
Progesterone (female)---
"follicular-0.4-0.9 × 10-9
"midluteal-7.7-12.1 × 10-9
"pregnancy, weeks 16-18-30-66 × 10-9
"pregnancy, weeks 28-30-70-126 × 10-9
"pregnancy, weeks 38-40-131-227 × 10-9
Proinsulin---
"fasting-0.5-5 × 10-10
"mean-1.42-1.70 × 10-10
Prolactin (male) <20 × 10-9---
"while awake-1-7 × 10-9
"during sleep-9-20 × 10-9
Prolactin (female)---
"follicular-<23 × 10-9
"luteal-5-40 × 10-9
Proline--1.2-5.7 × 10-5
Prostaglandins---
"PGE-3.55-4.15 × 10-10
"PGF-1.26-1.56 × 10-10
"15-keto-PGF2a-5 × 10-10
"15-keto-PGE2-<5 × 10-11
Protein, total-1.9-2.1 × 10-16.0-8.3 × 10-2
Protoporphyrin-2.7-6.1 × 10-7-
Prostate specific antigen-0-5 × 10-9-
Pseudoglobulin I--8-19 × 10-3
Pseudoglobulin II--2-8 × 10-3
Purine, total-9.5-11.5 × 10-5-
Pyrimidine nucleotides-2.6-4.6 × 10-52-12 × 10-7
Pyridoxine (Vitamin B6)--3.6-90 × 10-9
Pyruvic acid-3-10 × 10-63-12 × 10-6
RANTES--7 × 10-11
Relaxin---
"day <100 preparturition-<2 × 10-9
"day 100 to 2 days preceding-5-40 × 10-9
"day preceding parturition-100-200 × 10-9
"day following parturition-<2 × 10-9
Retinol (Vitamin A)--1-8 × 10-7
Riboflavin (Vitamin B2)-1.5-6 × 10-72.6-3.7 × 10-8
RNA-5-8 × 10-44-6 × 10-5
Secretin--2.9-4.5 × 10-11
Serine--3-20 × 10-6
Serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine)-1.55-1.81 × 10-70.8-2.1 × 10-7
Silicon-1.4-2.95 × 10-62.2-5.7 × 10-6
Sodium--3.1-3.4 × 10-3
Solids, total-2-2.5 × 10-18-9 × 10-2
Somatotropin (growth hormone)--4-140 × 10-10
Sphingomyelin-1.5-1.85 × 10-31-4 × 10-4
Succinic acid--5 × 10-6
Sugar, total-7-11 × 10-4-
Sulfates, inorganic--8-12 × 10-6
Sulfur, total-3.8-5 × 10-23.1-3.8 × 10-2
Taurine--3-21 × 10-6
Testosterone (male)---
"free-5.6-10.2 × 10-11
"total-275-875 × 10-11
Testosterone (female)---
"free-0.24-0.38 × 10-11
"total-23-75 × 10-11
"pregnant-38-190 × 10-11
Thiamine (Vitamin B1)-3-10 × 10-81-9 × 10-8
Thiocyanate-5-14 × 10-6-
"nonsmoker-1-4 × 10-6
"smoker-3-12 × 10-6
Threonine-1.3-2 × 10-50.9-3.2 × 10-5
Thyroglobulin (Tg)--<5 × 10-8
Thyroid hormones--4-8 × 10-8
Thyrotropin-releasing hormone--5-60 × 10-12
Thyroxine (FT4)---
"free-8-24 × 10-12
"total-4-12 × 10-8
Thyroxine-binding prealbumin--2.8-3.5 × 10-4
Thyroxine-binding globulin--1.0-3.4 × 10-7
Tin-0-4 × 10-70-1 × 10-7
alpha-Tocopherol (Vitamin E)--5-20 × 10-6
Transcortin---
"male-1.5-2 × 10-5
"female-1.6-2.5 × 10-5
Transferrin---
"newborn-1.3-2.75 × 10-3
"adult-2.2-4 × 10-3
"age >60 yrs-1.8-3.8 × 10-3
Triglycerides-8.5-23.5 × 10-42.5-30 × 10-4
Triiodothyronine---
"free-2.3-6.6 × 10-12
"total (T3)-0.75-2.50 × 10-9
Tryptophan-5-10 × 10-69-30 × 10-6
Tyrosine-8-14 × 10-64-25 × 10-6
Urea-2-4 × 10-42.8-4 × 10-4
Uric acid-6-49 × 10-62-7 × 10-5
"child-3.5-7.2 × 10-5
"adult, male-2.6-6.0 × 10-5
"adult, female2.0-5.5 × 10-5
Valine-2-2.9 × 10-51.7-4.2 × 10-5
Vasointestinal peptide (VIP)--6-16 × 10-12
Vasopressin---
"hydrated-4.5 × 10-13
"dehydrated-3.7 × 10-12
Zinc-5-13 × 10-67-15 × 10-7

In blood banking, the fractions of Whole Blood used for transfusion are also called components.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dicken Weatherby, Scott Ferguson (2004), Blood Chemistry and CBC Analysis, ISBN 978-0-9761367-1-2 

See also[edit]