on all continents and in many countries around the world. Countries that are renowned for their hot springs include hot springs Chile, Hungary, Iceland, Israel, Japan, New Zealand and United States, but there are interesting and unique hot springs in many other places as well. Africa [edit ] Hammam Essalihine (Thermes de Flavius) Hammam Chellala (Thermes Chellala) Hammam Guedjima (Thermes Guedjima) N'Gaous (Source de Saïda) Guelma (Source de Guelma) Oyoun Mossa (Moses Springs) Hammam Pharaon (Pharaoh Bath) Hammam Musa (Moses' Bath) Mashyuza Hot Springs Nyakabuye Hot Springs, near Cyangugu Bugarama Hot Springs, near Cyangugu
There lies a hot spring in the city of
Uvira. Ihimbo Hot Springs Kitagata Hot Springs Nyamasizi Hot Springs kibiro Hot Springs Buranga Hot Springs Kagamba Warm Spring Bubaare Hot Spring Karungu Hot Springs Rubaare Hot Springs Birara Hot Springs Kisiizi Hot Springs Minera Hot Springs Kanyineabalongo Hot Springs Kiruruma Hot Springs Kabuga (Muhokya) Hot Springs Kibenge (Kyiriba Kya Kyathumba) Hot Springs Rwagimba Hot Springs Rwimi Warm Springs Panyamulu Hot Springs A scholarly paper with a map of over twenty geothermal areas in Uganda.
There are several hot spring pools (undeveloped and developed) in the
Ezulwini Valley. America [edit ] Brazil [edit ] Brazil is home of the world's largest hot spring resort in the city of Caldas Novas. Canada [edit ]
There are hot springs throughout
Canada, particularly in the far west. Here are some prominent hot springs located in Western Canada: Ahousat Hot Springs, Ahousat ( Gibson Marine Provincial Park) Ainsworth Hot Springs & Cody Caves, Ainsworth Canyon Hot Springs & Albert Canyon, near Revelstoke Bishop Bay Hot Springs, located in Devastation Channel, south of Kitimat, North Coast Stikine Hot Springs ( Choquette Hot Springs Provincial Park) Fairmont Hot Springs, Invermere Dewar Hot Springs, Purcell Mountains Frizzell Hotsprings, lower Skeena River Harrison Hot Springs, north of Agassiz Hot Springs Cove, near Ahousat Hotspring Island, Queen Charlotte Islands Iskut River Hot Springs Lakelse Hot Springs, Terrace Lussier Hot Springs ( Whiteswan Lake Provincial Park) Liard River Hot Springs Meager Creek Hot Springs & Mount Meager, northwest of Pemberton Mount Cayley Hot Springs Brandywine Creek Hot Springs Mount Layton Hot Springs, near Kitimat Nascall Hot Springs, located in Dean Channel Vicinity of Nakusp, along the Arrow Lakes: Prophet River Hot Springs, Alaska Highway Radium Hot Springs, Columbia Valley Ram Creek Hot Springs, Skookumchuck Shearwater Hot Springs, south of Kitimat, North Coast Sherwin Hot Springs, west side of Kootenay Lake, north of Ainsworth Hot Springs Ramsay Hot Springs ( Maquinna Marine Provincial Park) Sloquet Creek Hot Springs, near Port Douglas Skookumchuck Hot Springs (St. Agnes' Well), between Pemberton and Port Douglas Tallheo Hot Springs, South Bentinck Arm Toad River Hot Springs, Alaska Highway Weewanie Hot Springs Chile [edit ]
View of Termas Geométricas near
There are more than 275 hot springs registered in
Chile. South Zone, Chile - near Volcanoes and Lakes Aguas Hediondas, near Tulcán, Carchi Province Baños de Agua Santa, Tungurahua Province Baños, Azuay Province Baños de San Vicente, near Salinas, Santa Elena Province Chachimbiro, near Ibarra, Imbabura Province Nangulví, near Otavalo, Imbabura Province Oyacachi, near Papallacta, Napo Province Papallacta, Napo Province
There are numerous hot springs in
Greenland: Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Florida Georgia Idaho Illinois Montana New Mexico New York North Carolina Oregon South Dakota Texas Utah Baker Hot Springs, Fumarole Butte, Juab County Blue Lake, Wendover Crystal Hot Springs, Honeyville Fifth Water Hot Springs, Three Forks Trailhead, Diamond Fork Canyon, Uinta National Forest Homestead, Midway Meadow Mystic Hot Springs, Monroe Pa Tempe Hot Springs, La Verkin Saratoga Springs Veyo Pool, Veyo Virginia Washington Wyoming
A list of 1661 hot springs in the United States can be found on the
Thermal Springs List for the United States. The same list with added notes and links can be found on the USA Hotsprings Database. Asia [edit ] China [edit ] Conghua Hot Spring and Zhongshan Hot Spring, Guangdong Province Anbo Hot Spring and Laotieshan Hot Spring, Dalian Wulongbei Hot Spring, Dandong Tanggangzi Hot Spring, Anshan Xiongyue Hot Spring, Yingkou, Liaoning Province Xanxi Hot Spring, Ningbo- Ninghai, Zhejiang Province Hailuogou Hot Spring, Sichuan Province Jinping Mengla Hot Spring, Yunnan Province Longsheng Hot Spring, Guangxi Province Tibet Paillong Hot Spring, Tibet Province India [edit ] Ganeshpuri, Akloli, Vajreshwari Garampani, Garampani Wildlife Sanctuary, Karbi Anglong district, Assam Unapdeo, and Sunapdeo Maharashtra Manikaran, Himachal Pradesh Chumathang, Ladakh, Kashmir Bendrutheertha, Puttur, Karnataka Chavalpani Near Pachmarhi, Madhya Pradesh. Suryakund, Near Gaya, Bihar Sikkim has many hot springs including Phurchachu (Reshi), Yumthang, Borang, Ralang, Taram-chu and Yumey Samdong. All these hot springs have high sulfur content and are located near the river banks. The average temperature of the water in these hot springs is 50 °C (122 °F). Taptapani near Berhampur, Atri near Bhubaneswar, Tarabalo in Nayagarh District of Orissa Bakreshwar, Birbhum, West Bengal Tulshishyam- Tulshishyam temple Gir Forest- Amreli- Junagadh- Gujarat Sohna hot spring, Located in Sohna, it is 56 kilometres (35 mi) from Delhi. Gandhaunia, near Mandu, [1 ] Ramgarh district, Jharkhand Unai Hot water spring-in Vansada village 120 km from Surat, Gujarat Atri hot spring, Khordha, Odisha. 42 km from Bhubaneshwar Unkeshwar hot spring, Located at Unkeshwar Village in Kinwat Taluka, Dist. Nanded (M.S.) [2 ] There are two hot springs on Pulau Ambon, Maluku. There are also some hot springs in the volcanic areas of eastern Java. Air Panas in Banjar, northern Bali. Danau Linting (Hot Spring Lake about 8000 m2 near tiga juhar village), Deli Serdang, North Sumatera. Tinggi Raja Hot Spring (Like Pamukkale in Turkey but more small), Simalungun District, North Sumatera. Sibayak Hot Spring (at Lau Debuk-Debuk Village), Karo District, North Sumatera. Sei Wampu Hot Spring (White Water Hot Spring at Wampu River near Marike Estate of PTPN II), Langkat, North Sumatera. Sei Batang Serangan Hot Spring (at Ekowisata Tangkahan), Langkat, North Sumatera. Tarutung Hot Spring (many Hot Spring Like Hutabarat, Sipaholon), North Tapanuli, North Sumatera. Ie Seum (Aceh Language: Hot Water), near Port Malayahati Krueng Raya, Aceh Besar, Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam.
Hamat Gader during the day.
Being located in the "
Pacific Ring of Fire", Japan is in a volcanic region, and is home to many hot springs. The onsen (a Japanese word for "hot spring") plays a notable role in Japanese culture.
In March 2003 it was reported that there were 3,102 spa resorts in 2,292 municipalities in Japan. There were also 15,400 lodging facilities with 6,740 public hot spring baths. About 138 million people a year visit these facilities.
Noted hot springs areas in Japan
Arima, Hyogo Atami, Shizuoka Beppu, Oita Gero, Gifu Hakone, Kanagawa Ikaho, Gumma Kinugawa, Tochigi Kirishima, Kagoshima Kusatsu, Gunma Noboribetsu, Hokkaido Nyuto, Akita Shibu, Nagano Shirahama, Wakayama Toyako, Shikotsu-Toya National Park, Hokkaido Yufuin, Oita
Various hot springs, all nonvolcanic. They include -
Kedah Johor Grisek, 10 km from Parit Jawa, Muar district Labis Malacca Gadek, on road No 61 near Alor Gajah Jasin Hot Springs, Kampung Air Panas, Mukim Bemban, Jasin, Melaka Negeri Sembilan Pedas hot springs, south of Seremban, Negeri Sembilan Pahang Bentong Gunung Tapis, Sungai Lembing Perak Sg Klah, developed commercially Kampung Ulu Slim Lost World Of Tambun- HotSprings & Spa Mangong, Kuala Kangsar Ayer Panas, Grik Pengkalan Hulu Selangor Selayang, 15 km north of Kuala Lumpur Kalumpang, south of Tanjung Malim, north of Kerling Ulu Tamu, near Tanjung Malim Kerling, near Batang Kali Terengganu Sabah Poring hot springs, Kinabalu National Park Mainit Hot Spring Mambukal Mountain Resort: hot soda and sulfur springs slightly above 30°C. Puning Hot Spring, in Sitio Puning, Barangay Inararo, Municipality of Porac, Pampanga Province; accessed through Sitio Target, Barangay Sapang Bato, Angeles City
Taiwanese hot springs. Thai Prachan Hot Spring Bo Khloung Hot Stream Ban Pong Krathing Hot Spring (Ban Bueng Hot Spring) Pong Krathing Hot Spring Jae Son hot spring Muang Paeng hot spring Pa Bong hot spring Ban Huay Zai Kao Hot Spring Wieng Pa Pao hot spring Rung Arun hot spring Europe [edit ]
Deildartunguhver, Iceland: the highest flow hot spring in Europe
Germany [edit ] Greece [edit ] Ikaria features a radioactive hot water spring that has been used since the fourth century BCE. Thermal Springs of Kaiafa, in southwestern Greece. Thermophylae Pella District - Loutraki thermal spa ( Pozar Spa ) Serres District - Agkistros thermal spa ( Agkistrou ) Thessaloniki region - Nea Apollonia thermal spa Lagkada thermal spa Kavala District - Eleftheron thermal spa Bormio, Sondrio Province, Lombardy (geothermal spa), 36-43 degrees C Saturnia, Southern Tuscany, 37 degrees Celsius pouring out at 800 litres per second into beautiful terraced pools that are free to dip in day or night Macedonia [edit ] Negorski Banji Banja Banishte Banja Bansko Banja Kežovica Banja Car Samoil Katlanovska Banja Banja Kochani Debarski Banji Kumanovska Banja Banja Strnovec Vranjska Banja, 96 degrees C (205 degrees F), in the depth up to 111 degrees C (232 degrees F) [4 ] - the world hottest spring. [5 ]
123 hot springs with temperature above 25 degrees C (77 degrees F).
[6 ] Veľký Meder, 94 degrees C (201 degrees F) - the hottest spring in Slovakia [6 ]
Many of the hot springs in Slovakia are currative or healthing springs.
Spa Bojnice, 9 springs, up to 52 degrees C (126 degrees F) [7 ] Spa Číž - spring BČ 3, 32 degrees C (89 degrees F) [8 ] Spa Dudince, 28 degrees C (82 degrees F) [9 ] Spa Kováčová, 49 degrees C (120 degrees F) [10 ] Spa Liptovský Ján - 14 springs, 15 - 29 degrees C (59 - 85 degrees F) [11 ] Spa Lúčky, 32 degrees C (88 degrees F) [12 ] Spa Piešťany, 67 – 69 degrees C (153 – 156 degrees F) [13 ] Spa Rajecké Teplice, 38 degrees C (100 degrees F) [14 ] Spa Sklené Teplice, several hot springs, 28 - 53 degrees C (82 - 127 degrees F) [15 ] Spa Sliač, several springs, up to 33 degrees C (92 degrees F) [16 ] Spa Trenčianske Teplice, several hot springs, up to 40 degrees C (104 degrees F) [17 ] Spa Turčianske Teplice, several hot springs, up to 47 degrees C (116 degrees F) [18 ] Spa Vyšné Ružbachy, several springs, up to 22 degrees C (72 degrees F) [19 ]
There are many
geothermal springs in the UK, but the hot springs found in the town of Bath [20 ] [21 ] [22 ] are the only true hot springs (defined as those hotter than 37 degrees C): [23 ] Cross Bath, Bath, Somerset 42.8 degrees C, 109 degrees F Stall Street Fountain, Bath, Somerset 45.4 degrees C, 113.7 degrees F Hetling Spring, Bath, Somerset 45.4 degrees C, 113.7 degrees F King's Bath, Bath, Somerset 45.6 degrees C, 114 degrees F Hot Bath, Bath, Somerset 47.2 degrees C, 117 degrees F
There are other thermal or warm springs in the U.K
and include; [22 ] Oceania [edit ] Australia [edit ]
Hot springs can be found in all six states of Australia as well as the Northern Territory; but apparently not Australian Capital Territory.
Dalhousie Springs in South Australia 38-43 degrees C. Elizabeth Springs, Innot Hot Springs in [28 ] Queensland Hastings Caves and Thermal Springs in Tasmania 28 degrees C is located south of Hobart. Kimberley Warm Springs near Devonport, Tasmania 25 degrees C. Mataranka Hot Springs, Katherine Hot Springs, Tjuwaliyn (Douglas) Hot Springs in the Northern Territory Paralana radioactive springs, near Arkaroola, South Australia, issue at 62 degrees C from a rich vein of uranium ore and contain radon. [29 ] Peninsula Hot Springs in Victoria. Located on the Mornington Peninsula. Pilliga, Moree, Lightning Ridge in New South Wales. Zebedee Springs within El Questro Station, and Bibawarra Bore near Carnarvon, Western Australia. Map of groundwater temperatures in Great Artesian Basin, Australia.
Hot springs are in the town of Savusavu where local people use the hot springs to cook their food. Some of the springs are situated on the beach and steam can be seen rising from the water at low tide.
There are numerous hot springs in New Zealand, predominantly in the
Taupo Volcanic Zone, and in particular around Rotorua. Well known springs outside the Taupo Volcanic Zone include The Lost Spring in Whitianga, Coromandel Peninsula, Hot Water Beach, Waiwera, and Hanmer Springs. Hot springs parks [edit ]
It is common to create parks around hot springs:
United States See also [edit ] References [edit ] ^ http://www.jagran.com/jharkhand/ramgarh-9990893.html ^ http://www.journalcra.com/sites/default/files/952.pdf ^ A Japanese newsletter about hot springs, in English ^ City of Vranje, Vranjska Banja - 'in Serbian' ^ POSSIBILITIES FOR RATIONAL USE OF GEOTHERMAL ENERGY IN SERBIA - 'in Serbian - subscription for the english version' ^ a b Map of hot and mineral springs in Slovakia - 'text in Slovak' ^ Spa Bojnice - 'in Slovak' ^ Spa Číž - Therapy ^ Dudince in sk.wikipedia - 'in Slovak' ^ Hot Spring in Kováčová - 'in Slovak' ^ Mineral and Thermal Springs in Liptovský Ján - 'in Slovak' ^ Spa Lúčky in sk.wikipedia - 'in Slovak' ^ Spa Piešťany ^ Spa Aphrodite ^ Sklené Teplice in sk.wikipedia - 'in Slovak' ^ Spa Sliač - Treatment ^ Spa Trenčianske Teplice, Treatment ^ Spa Turčianske Teplice, History ^ Curative Springs in Spa Vyšné Ružbachy - 'in Slovak' ^ Edmunds W. M. 2004.Bath thermal waters: 400 years in the history of geochemistry and hydrogeology. Geological Society, London, Special Publications; 225: 193 - 199. ^ a b Burgess, W.G., Edmunds, W.M., Andrews, J.N., Kay, R.L.F and Lee, D. J. 1980. The hydrogeology and hydrochemistry of the thermal water in the Bath-Bristol Basin. Institute of Geological Sciences" ^ a b Barker J. A., Downing R. A., Gray, D. A., Findlay, J., Kellaway G. A., Parker R. H., and Rollin K. E.2000. Hydrogeothermal studies in the United Kingdom. Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology, 33: 41 - 58 ^ Gallois, R.W. 2006. The geology of the hot springs at Bath Spa, Somerset. Geoscience in south-west England, 11, 168-173 ^ Environment Agency Wales.2011.The Hydrogeology and hydrochemistry of the thermal waters at Taff's Well. Environment Agency Wales internal report ^ Brassington, F. C. 2007. A proposed conceptual model for the genesis of the Derbyshire thermal springs. Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrology, 40, 35-46 ^ Gunn, J., Bottrell, S.H., Lowe, D.J & Worthington, S.R.H. 2006. Deep Groundwater flow and geochemical processes in limestone aquifers : evidence from thermal waters in Derbyshire, England, UK. Hydrogeology Journal (2006) 14: 868-881 ^ Goldscheider, N., Mádl-Szőnyi., Erőss & Schill, E. 2010. Review : Thermal Waters in carbonate rock aquifers. Hydrogeology Journal 18 : 1303-1318 ^ Innot Hot Springs, Big Trip. ^ "Extreme Slime". Catalyst. 03/10/2002. ABC . . http://www.abc.net.au/catalyst/stories/s692473.htm ^  ^  ^  ^  ^  ^  External links [edit ]