List of historically black colleges and universities

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This list of Historically black colleges and universities (HBCUs) lists institutions of higher education in the United States that were established before 1964 with the intention of serving the black community.[1] [2]

Current institutions

SchoolCityStateFoundedTypeReligious AffiliationComment
Alabama A&M UniversityHuntsvilleAlabama1875PublicFounded as "Colored Normal School at Huntsville"
Alabama State UniversityMontgomeryAlabama1867PublicFounded as "Lincoln Normal School of Marion"
Albany State UniversityAlbanyGeorgia1903PublicFounded as "Albany Bible and Manual Training Institute"
Alcorn State UniversityLormanMississippi1871PublicFounded as "Alcorn University" in honor of James L. Alcorn
Allen UniversityColumbiaSouth Carolina1870PrivateAfrican Methodist EpiscopalFounded as "Payne Institute"
University of Arkansas at Pine BluffPine BluffArkansas1873PublicFounded as "Branch Normal College"
Arkansas Baptist CollegeLittle RockArkansas1884PrivateBaptistFounded as "Minister’s Institute"[3]
Barber-Scotia CollegeConcordNorth Carolina1867PrivatePresbyterianFounded as two institutions, Scotia Seminary and Barber Memorial College
Benedict CollegeColumbiaSouth Carolina1870PrivateAmerican Baptist Churches USAFounded as "Benedict Institute"
Bennett CollegeGreensboroNorth Carolina1873PrivateUnited Methodist Church
Bethune-Cookman UniversityDaytona BeachFlorida1904PrivateUnited Methodist ChurchFounded as "Bethune Educational and Industrial Training School for Negro Girls"
Bishop State Community CollegeMobileAlabama1927PublicOriginally a branch of Alabama State College
Bluefield State CollegeBluefieldWest Virginia1895PublicFounded as "Bluefield Colored Institute"
Bowie State UniversityBowieMaryland1865PublicFounded as "Baltimore Normal School"
Central State UniversityWilberforceOhio1887PublicAME ChurchOriginally a department at Wilberforce University[4]
Cheyney University of PennsylvaniaCheyneyPennsylvania1837PublicThe oldest HBCU. Founded by Quaker philanthropist Richard Humphreys as "Institute for Colored Youth"
Claflin UniversityOrangeburgSouth Carolina1869PrivateUnited Methodist Church
Clark Atlanta UniversityAtlantaGeorgia1865PrivateUnited Methodist ChurchOriginally two institutions, Clark College and Atlanta University
Clinton Junior CollegeRock HillSouth Carolina1894PrivateAME ZionFounded as "Clinton Institute"[5]
Coahoma Community CollegeCoahoma CountyMississippi1924PublicFounded as "Coahoma County Agricultural High School"
Concordia College, SelmaSelmaAlabama1922PrivateLutheran Church - Missouri SynodKnown as "Alabama Lutheran Academy and Junior College" until 1981
Coppin State UniversityBaltimoreMaryland1900PublicFounded as "Colored High School"
Delaware State UniversityDoverDelaware1891PublicFounded as "The State College for Colored Students"
Denmark Technical CollegeDenmarkSouth Carolina1947PublicFounded as "Denmark Area Trade School"[6]
Dillard UniversityNew OrleansLouisiana1869PrivateUnited Church of Christ and the United Methodist ChurchFounding predecessor institutions: "Straight University" and "Union Normal School"
University of the District of ColumbiaWashingtonDistrict of Columbia1851PublicFounded as "Miner Normal School"
Edward Waters CollegeJacksonvilleFlorida1866PrivateAME ChurchFounded as "Brown Theological Institute"
Elizabeth City State UniversityElizabeth CityNorth Carolina1891Public
Fayetteville State UniversityFayettevilleNorth Carolina1867PublicFounded as "Howard School"
Fisk UniversityNashvilleTennessee1866PrivateUnited Church of Christ[7]Named for Clinton Bowen Fisk
Florida A&M UniversityTallahasseeFlorida1887PublicFounded as "State Normal College for Colored Students"
Florida Memorial UniversityMiami GardensFlorida1879PrivateAmerican Baptist Churches USAFounded as "Florida Baptist Institute in Live Oak"
Fort Valley State UniversityFort ValleyGeorgia1895PublicFounded as "Fort Valley High and Industrial School"
Gadsden State Community CollegeGadsdenAlabama1925PublicFounded as "Alabama School of Trades"
Grambling State UniversityGramblingLouisiana1901PublicFounded as "Colored Industrial and Agricultural School"
Hampton UniversityHamptonVirginia1868PrivateFounded as "Hampton Normal and Agricultural Institute"
Harris-Stowe State UniversitySt. LouisMissouri1857PublicFounded as "St. Louis Normal School"[8]
Hinds Community College at UticaUticaMississippi1903PublicFounded as "Utica Junior College"
Howard UniversityWashingtonDistrict of Columbia1867Private
Huston-Tillotson UniversityAustinTexas1881PrivateUnited Methodist Church /United Church of ChristFounded as "Tillotson Collegiate and Normal Institute"
Interdenominational Theological CenterAtlantaGeorgia1958PrivateInterdenominational
J. F. Drake State Technical CollegeHuntsvilleAlabama1961PublicFounded as "Huntsville State Vocational Technical School"
Jackson State UniversityJacksonMississippi1877PublicFounded as "Natchez Seminary" by the American Baptist Home Mission Society, became public in 1942
Jarvis Christian CollegeHawkinsTexas1912PrivateThe Disciples
Johnson C. Smith UniversityCharlotteNorth Carolina1867PrivatePresbyterian Church (U.S.A.)Founded as "Biddle Memorial Institute"
Kentucky State UniversityFrankfortKentucky1886PublicFounded as "State Normal School for Colored Persons"
Knoxville CollegeKnoxville (Mechanicsville)Tennessee1875PrivateUnited Presbyterian Church of North America
Lane CollegeJacksonTennessee1882PrivateChristian Methodist Episcopal ChurchFounded as "Colored Methodist Episcopal High School"[9]
Langston UniversityLangstonOklahoma1897PublicFounded as "Oklahoma Colored Agricultural and Normal University"
Lawson State Community CollegeBessemerAlabama1949Public
LeMoyne-Owen CollegeMemphisTennessee1862PrivateUnited Church of ChristFounded as "LeMoyne Normal and Commercial School"[10] (elementary school until 1870)
Lewis College of BusinessDetroitMichigan1928PrivateFounded as "Lewis Business College"[11]
Lincoln UniversityChester CountyPennsylvania1854PublicFounded as "Ashmun Institute"
Lincoln University of MissouriJefferson CityMissouri1866PublicFounded as "Lincoln Institute"[12]
Livingstone CollegeSalisburyNorth Carolina1879PrivateAME ZionFounded as "Zion Wesley Institute"
University of Maryland Eastern ShorePrincess AnneMaryland1886PublicOriginally: Methodist EpiscopalFounded as "Delaware Conference Academy"
Meharry Medical CollegeNashvilleTennessee1876PrivateUnited Methodist ChurchFounded as the Medical Department of Central Tennessee College
Miles CollegeFairfieldAlabama1905PrivateCME ChurchKnown as "Miles Memorial College" until 1941
Mississippi Valley State UniversityItta BenaMississippi1950PublicFounded as "Mississippi Vocational College"
Morehouse CollegeAtlantaGeorgia1867PrivateOriginally, American Baptist Home Mission SocietyFounded as "Augusta Institute"
Morehouse School of MedicineAtlantaGeorgia1975PrivateFounded originally as a part of Morehouse College
Morgan State UniversityBaltimoreMaryland1867PublicOriginally: Methodist EpiscopalFounded as "Centenary Biblical Institute"
Morris Brown CollegeAtlantaGeorgia1881PrivateAfrican Methodist Episcopal Church
Morris CollegeSumterSouth Carolina1908PrivateBaptist Educational and Missionary Convention
Norfolk State UniversityNorfolkVirginia1935PublicFounded as "Norfolk Unit of Virginia Union University"[13]
North Carolina A&T State UniversityGreensboroNorth Carolina1891Public
North Carolina Central UniversityDurhamNorth Carolina1910PublicFounded as "National Religious Training School and Chautauqua"
Oakwood UniversityHuntsvilleAlabama1896PrivateSeventh-day AdventistFounded as "Oakwood Industrial School"
Paine CollegeAugustaGeorgia1882PrivateUnited Methodist Church and Christian Methodist Episcopal ChurchFounded as "Paine Institute"
Paul Quinn CollegeDallasTexas1872PrivateAME ChurchNamed for William Paul Quinn
Philander Smith CollegeLittle RockArkansas1877PrivateUnited Methodist ChurchFounded as "Walden Seminary"
Prairie View A&M UniversityPrairie ViewTexas1876PublicFounded as "Alta Vista Agriculture & Mechanical College for Colored Youth"[14]
Rust CollegeHolly SpringsMississippi1866PrivateUnited Methodist ChurchKnown as "Shaw University" until 1882
Saint Paul's CollegeLawrencevilleVirginia1888PrivateProtestant Episcopal ChurchFounded as "Saint Paul Normal and Industrial School"
Savannah State UniversitySavannahGeorgia1890PublicFounded as "Georgia State Industrial College for Colored Youth"
Selma UniversitySelmaAlabama1878PrivateAlabama State Missionary Baptist ConventionFounded as "Alabama Baptist Normal and Theological School"
Shaw UniversityRaleighNorth Carolina1865PrivateNational Baptist Convention, USA, Inc.
Shelton State Community CollegeTuscaloosaAlabama1952PublicFounded as "J.P. Shelton Trade School"
South Carolina State UniversityOrangeburgSouth Carolina1896PublicFounded as "Colored, Normal, Industrial, Agricultural, and Mechanical College of South Carolina"
Southern University at New OrleansNew OrleansLouisiana1959PublicFounded as a branch unit of Southern University in Baton Rouge
Southern University at ShreveportShreveportLouisiana1967PublicPart of the Southern University System
Southern University and A&M CollegeBaton RougeLouisiana1881PublicConceptualized by P. B. S. Pinchback, T. T. Allain, and Henry Demas
Southwestern Christian CollegeTerrellTexas1948PrivateChurch of ChristFounded as "Southern Bible Institute"[15]
Spelman CollegeAtlantaGeorgia1881PrivateOriginally, American Baptist Home Mission SocietyFounded as "Atlanta Baptist Female Seminary"
St. Augustine's CollegeRaleighNorth Carolina1867PrivateEpiscopal Church (United States)
St. Philip's CollegeSan AntonioTexas1898PublicEpiscopal ChurchFounded as "St. Philip's Sewing Class for Girls"[16]
Stillman CollegeTuscaloosaAlabama1876Private
Talladega CollegeTalladega CountyAlabama1867PrivateUnited Church of ChristKnown as "Swayne School" until 1869
Tennessee State UniversityNashvilleTennessee1912PublicFounded as "Agricultural and Industrial State Normal School"
Texas CollegeTylerTexas1894PrivateChristian Methodist Episcopal Church
Texas Southern UniversityHoustonTexas1947PublicFounded as "Texas State University for Negroes"
Tougaloo CollegeHinds CountyMississippi1869PrivateAmerican Missionary AssociationFounded as "Tougaloo University"
Trenholm State Technical CollegeMontgomeryAlabama1947PublicFounded as "John M. Patterson Technical School"[17]
Tuskegee UniversityTuskegeeAlabama1881PrivateFounded as Tuskegee Institute
University of the Virgin IslandsSt. Croix & St. ThomasUnited States Virgin Islands1962PublicFounded as "College of the Virgin Islands"
Virginia State UniversityPetersburgVirginia1882PublicFounded as "Virginia Normal and Collegiate Institute at Petersburg"
Virginia Union UniversityRichmondVirginia1864PrivateAmerican Baptist Churches USAFounded as "Wayland Seminary," and merged with Richmond Institute (1865) in 1889[18]
Virginia University of LynchburgLynchburgVirginia1886PrivateBaptistFounded as "Lynchburg Baptist Seminary"
Voorhees CollegeDenmarkSouth Carolina1897PrivateEpiscopal ChurchFounded as "Denmark Industrial School"
West Virginia State UniversityKanawha CountyWest Virginia1891PublicFounded as "West Virginia Colored Institute"
Wilberforce UniversityWilberforceOhio1856PrivateAME ChurchNamed for William Wilberforce
Wiley CollegeMarshallTexas1873PrivateUnited Methodist ChurchNamed for Isaac William Wiley
Winston-Salem State UniversityWinston-SalemNorth Carolina1892PublicFounded as "Slater Industrial and State Normal School"
Xavier University of LouisianaNew OrleansLouisiana1915PrivateRoman CatholicFounding predecessor institutions: "St. Katharine Drexel" and the "Sisters of the Blessed Sacrament"

Defunct institutions

SchoolCityStateFoundedTypeReligious AffiliationComment
Bishop CollegeDallasTexas1881PrivateHome Mission SocietyFounded in Marshall, Texas; later moved to Dallas. Closed in 1988.
Daniel Payne CollegeBirminghamAlabama1889PrivateAfrican Methodist Episcopal ChurchClosed in 1979
Friendship CollegeRock HillSouth Carolina1891PrivateBaptistClosed in 1981.
Guadalupe CollegeSeguinTexas1884PrivateTexas Missionary Baptist General ConventionCeased operations after a fire destroyed the main building in 1936[19]
Kittrell CollegeKittrellNorth Carolina1886PrivateAfrican Methodist Episcopal ChurchClosed in 1975
Leland UniversityNew OrleansLouisiana1870PrivateHome Mission SocietyFounded as a grade school in New Orleans, Leland was a Baker, Louisiana-based Baptist University when it closed in the 1970s
Mississippi Industrial CollegeHolly SpringsMississippi1905PrivateColored Methodist Episcopal Church; later called the Christian Methodist Episcopal Church.Closed in 1982.
Mount Hermon Female SeminaryClintonMississippi1875PrivateAmerican Missionary AssociationClosed in 1924
Storer CollegeHarpers FerryWest Virginia1865PrivateFounded by Freewill Baptist Missionary SocietyClosed in 1955. Its endowment was tranfered to Virginia Union, where its alumni have been recognized, and its physical assets were given to Alderson-Broaddus College to create scholarships for black students.[18] Its former campus is now part of the Harpers Ferry National Historical Park [20]
Roger Williams CollegeNashvilleTennessee1864PrivateHome Mission SocietyClosed in 1929
Western University (Kansas)QuindaroKansas1865PrivateAfrican Methodist Episcopal ChurchClosed in 1943


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