List of highest mountains

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Aerial view of Mount Everest from the south. The peak rises over Lhotse (#4), while Nuptse is the ridge on the left.

There are at least 100 mountains with heights of over 7,200 metres (23,622 ft) above sea level, all of which are located in central and southern Asia. Only those summits are included that, by an objective measure, may be considered individual mountains as opposed to subsidiary peaks.

Considerations[edit]

One of figures of topographic prominence: The prominence of a peak is the height of the peak’s summit above the lowest contour line encircling it and no higher summit. For example, vertical arrows show the topographic prominence of three peaks on an island. A dotted horizontal line links each peak (except the highest) to its key col.

The dividing line between a mountain with multiple peaks and separate mountains is not always clear (see also Highest unclimbed mountain). A popular and intuitive way to distinguish mountains from subsidiary peaks is by their height above the highest saddle connecting it to a higher summit, a measure called topographic prominence or re-ascent (the higher summit is called the "parent peak"). A common definition of a mountain is a summit with 300 m (980 ft) prominence. Alternatively, a relative prominence (prominence/height) is used (usually 7–8%) to reflect that in higher mountain ranges everything is on a larger scale. The table below lists the highest 100 summits with at least 500 m (1,640 ft) prominence, approximating a 7% relative prominence. A drawback of a prominence-based list is that it may exclude well-known or spectacular mountains that are connected via a high ridge to a taller summit, like the Eiger or Nuptse. A few such peaks and mountains with nearly sufficient prominence are included but not numbered in this list.

It is very unlikely that all given heights are correct to the nearest metre; indeed, the sea level is often problematic to define when a mountain is remote from the sea. Different sources often differ by many metres, and the heights given below may well differ from those elsewhere in this encyclopedia. As an extreme example, Ulugh Muztagh on the north Tibetan Plateau is often listed as 7,723 m (25,338 ft) to 7,754 m (25,440 ft), but appears to be only 6,973 m (22,877 ft) to 6,987 m (22,923 ft). Some mountains differ by > 100 m (330 ft) on different maps, while even very thorough current measurements of Mount Everest range from 8,840 m (29,003 ft) to 8,850 m (29,035 ft). These discrepancies serve to emphasize the uncertainties in the listed heights.

Though some parts of the world, especially the most mountainous parts, have never been thoroughly mapped, it is unlikely that any mountains this high have been overlooked, because synthetic aperture radar can and has been used to measure altitudes of most otherwise inaccessible places. Still, heights and/or prominences may be revised, so that the order of the list may change and even "new" mountains could enter the list over time. To be safe, the list has been extended to include all >7,200 m (23,622 ft) peaks.

The highest mountains above sea level are generally not the highest above the surrounding terrain. There is no precise definition of surrounding base, but Mount McKinley, Mount Kilimanjaro and Nanga Parbat are possible candidates for the tallest mountain on land by this measure. The bases of mountain islands are below sea level, and given this consideration Mauna Kea (4,207 m (13,802 ft) above sea level) is the world's tallest mountain and volcano, rising about 10,203 m (33,474 ft) from the Pacific Ocean floor. Ojos del Salado has the greatest rise on Earth—13,420 m (44,029 ft) from the summit[citation needed] to the bottom of the Atacama Trench about 560 km (350 mi) away, though most of this rise is not part of the mountain.

The highest mountains are also not generally the most voluminous. Mauna Loa (4,169 m or 13,678 ft) is the largest mountain on Earth in terms of base area (about 2,000 sq mi or 5,200 km2) and volume (about 10,000 cu mi or 42,000 km3), although, due to the intergrade of lava from Kilauea, Hualalai and Mauna Kea, the volume can only be estimated based on surface area and height of the edifice). Mt. Kilimanjaro is the largest non-shield volcano in terms of both base area (245 sq mi or 635 km2) and volume (1,150 cu mi or 4,793 km3). Mount Logan is the largest non-volcanic mountain in base area (120 sq mi or 311 km2).

The highest mountains above sea level are also not those with peaks farthest from the centre of the Earth, because the figure of the Earth is not spherical. Sea level closer to the equator is several miles farther from the centre of the Earth. The summit of Chimborazo, Ecuador's tallest mountain, is usually considered to be the farthest point from the Earth's centre, although the southern summit of Peru's tallest mountain, Huascarán, is another contender.[1] Both have elevations above sea level more than 2 km less than that of Everest.

Geographical distribution[edit]

Most mountains in the list are located in the Himalaya and Karakoram ranges to the south and west of the Tibetan plateau. In fact, all 7,000 m (23,000 ft) peaks in the world are located in the centre of Asia (East Asia, Central Asia and South Asia) in a rectangle edged by Noshaq (7,492 m or 24,580 ft) on the Afghanistan-Pakistan border in the West, Jengish Chokusu, (Tuōmù'ěr Fēng) (7,439 m or 24,406 ft) on the KyrgyzstanXinjiang border to the North, Gongga Shan (Minya Konka) (7,556 m or 24,790 ft) in Sichuan to the East, and Kabru (7,412 m or 24,318 ft) on the Sikkim (India) – Nepal border to the South.

The highest mountain outside of Asia is Aconcagua (6,962 m or 22,841 ft), which one list has ranking 189th in the world amongst mountains with a 500 m or 1,640 ft prominence cutoff. [2]

The locations of the highest mountains are shown on the composite satellite image of High Asia below. The numbers refer to the ranking in the list. For clarity, lower peaks with labels overlapping higher peaks are left out of the main image. The boxed regions are those with the highest density of summits and are enlarged in two separate images to show all peaks.

Composite NASA map of highest peaks
Location of peaks in the Hindu Kush and Karakoram
Location of peaks in the Nepal Himalaya


List[edit]

RankMountainHeight (m)[3]Height (ft)RangeCoordinates[4]Prominence (m)[5]Parent mountain[6]First ascentAscents (Failed attempts) bef.2004 [7]
1Mount Everest/
Sagarmatha/
Chomolungma
8,848[8]29,029Mahalangur Himalaya27°59′17″N 86°55′31″E / 27.98806°N 86.92528°E / 27.98806; 86.925288,848none1953>>145 (121)
2K2/Qogir/
Godwin Austen
8,61128,251Baltoro Karakoram35°52′53″N 76°30′48″E / 35.88139°N 76.51333°E / 35.88139; 76.513334,017Mount Everest [9]195445 (44)
3Kangchenjunga8,58628,169Kangchenjunga Himalaya27°42′12″N 88°08′51″E / 27.70333°N 88.14750°E / 27.70333; 88.14750 *3,922Mount Everest195538 (24)
4Lhotse8,51627,940Mahalangur Himalaya27°57′42″N 86°55′59″E / 27.96167°N 86.93306°E / 27.96167; 86.93306610Mount Everest195626 (26)
5Makalu8,48527,838Mahalangur Himalaya27°53′23″N 87°5′20″E / 27.88972°N 87.08889°E / 27.88972; 87.088892,386Mount Everest195545 (52)
6Cho Oyu8,18826,864Mahalangur Himalaya28°05′39″N 86°39′39″E / 28.09417°N 86.66083°E / 28.09417; 86.660832,340Mount Everest195479 (28)
7Dhaulagiri I8,16726,795Dhaulagiri Himalaya28°41′48″N 83°29′35″E / 28.69667°N 83.49306°E / 28.69667; 83.493063,357K2196051 (39)
8Manaslu8,16326,781Manaslu Himalaya28°33′00″N 84°33′35″E / 28.55000°N 84.55972°E / 28.55000; 84.559723,092Cho Oyu195649 (45)
9Nanga Parbat8,12626,660Nanga Parbat Himalaya35°14′14″N 74°35′21″E / 35.23722°N 74.58917°E / 35.23722; 74.589174,608Dhaulagiri195352 (67)
10Annapurna I8,09126,545Annapurna Himalaya28°35′44″N 83°49′13″E / 28.59556°N 83.82028°E / 28.59556; 83.820282,984Cho Oyu195036 (47)
11Gasherbrum I/
Hidden Peak/K5
8,08026,509Baltoro Karakoram35°43′28″N 76°41′47″E / 35.72444°N 76.69639°E / 35.72444; 76.696392,155K2195831 (16)
12Broad Peak/K38,05126,414Baltoro Karakoram35°48′38″N 76°34′06″E / 35.81056°N 76.56833°E / 35.81056; 76.568331,701Gasherbrum I195739 (19)
13Gasherbrum II/K48,03426,362Baltoro Karakoram35°45′28″N 76°39′12″E / 35.75778°N 76.65333°E / 35.75778; 76.653331,523Gasherbrum I195654 (12)
14Shishapangma8,02726,335Jugal Himalaya28°21′12″N 85°46′43″E / 28.35333°N 85.77861°E / 28.35333; 85.778612,897Cho Oyu196443 (19)
15Gyachung Kang7,95226,089Mahalangur Himalaya28°05′53″N 86°44′42″E / 28.09806°N 86.74500°E / 28.09806; 86.74500700Cho Oyu19645 (3)
Gasherbrum III7,94626,070Baltoro Karakoram35°45′33″N 76°38′30″E / 35.75917°N 76.64167°E / 35.75917; 76.64167355Gasherbrum II19752 (2)
16Annapurna II7,93726,040Annapurna Himalaya28°32′05″N 84°07′19″E / 28.53472°N 84.12194°E / 28.53472; 84.121942,437Annapurna I19606 (19)
17Gasherbrum IV7,93226,024Baltoro Karakoram35°45′38″N 76°36′58″E / 35.76056°N 76.61611°E / 35.76056; 76.61611715Gasherbrum III19584 (11)
18Himalchuli7,89325,896Manaslu Himalaya28°26′12″N 84°38′23″E / 28.43667°N 84.63972°E / 28.43667; 84.63972 *1,633Manaslu19606 (12)
19Distaghil Sar7,88425,866Hispar Karakoram36°19′33″N 75°11′16″E / 36.32583°N 75.18778°E / 36.32583; 75.187782,525K219603 (5)
20Ngadi Chuli7,87125,823Manaslu Himalaya28°30′12″N 84°34′00″E / 28.50333°N 84.56667°E / 28.50333; 84.566671,020Manaslu19702 (6)
Nuptse7,86425,801Mahalangur Himalaya27°58′03″N 86°53′13″E / 27.96750°N 86.88694°E / 27.96750; 86.88694319Lhotse19615 (12)
21Khunyang Chhish7,82325,666Hispar Karakoram36°12′19″N 75°12′28″E / 36.20528°N 75.20778°E / 36.20528; 75.20778 *1,765Distaghil Sar19712 (6)
22Masherbrum/K17,82125,659Masherbrum Karakoram35°38′28″N 76°18′21″E / 35.64111°N 76.30583°E / 35.64111; 76.305832,457Gasherbrum I19604 (9)
23Nanda Devi7,81625,643Garhwal Himalaya30°22′33″N 79°58′15″E / 30.37583°N 79.97083°E / 30.37583; 79.970833,139Dhaulagiri193614 (12)
24Chomo Lonzo7,80425,604Mahalangur Himalaya27°55′50″N 87°06′28″E / 27.93056°N 87.10778°E / 27.93056; 87.10778590Makalu19543 (1)
25Batura Sar7,79525,574Batura Karakoram36°30′37″N 74°31′21″E / 36.51028°N 74.52250°E / 36.51028; 74.522503,118Distaghil Sar19764 (6)
26Kanjut Sar7,79025,558Hispar Karakoram36°12′20″N 75°25′01″E / 36.20556°N 75.41694°E / 36.20556; 75.416941,690Khunyang Chhish19592 (1)
27Rakaposhi7,78825,551Rakaposhi-Haramosh Karakoram36°08′33″N 74°29′22″E / 36.14250°N 74.48944°E / 36.14250; 74.489442,818Khunyang Chhish19588 (13)
28Namcha Barwa7,78225,531Assam Himalaya29°37′52″N 95°03′19″E / 29.63111°N 95.05528°E / 29.63111; 95.055284,106Kangchenjunga19921 (2)
29Kamet7,75625,446Garhwal Himalaya30°55′12″N 79°35′30″E / 30.92000°N 79.59167°E / 30.92000; 79.59167 *2,825Nanda Devi193123 (14)
30Dhaulagiri II7,75125,430Dhaulagiri Himalaya28°45′46″N 83°23′18″E / 28.76278°N 83.38833°E / 28.76278; 83.388332,396Dhaulagiri19714 (11)
31Saltoro Kangri/K107,74225,400Saltoro Karakoram35°23′57″N 76°50′53″E / 35.39917°N 76.84806°E / 35.39917; 76.84806 *2,160Gasherbrum I19622 (1)
32Jannu7,71125,299Kangchenjunga Himalaya27°40′56″N 88°02′40″E / 27.68222°N 88.04444°E / 27.68222; 88.04444 *1,036Kangchenjunga196217 (12)
33Tirich Mir7,70825,289Hindu Kush36°15′19″N 71°50′30″E / 36.25528°N 71.84167°E / 36.25528; 71.84167 *3,910Batura Sar195020 (11)
Molamenqing7,70325,272Langtang Himalaya28°21′18″N 85°48′35″E / 28.35500°N 85.80972°E / 28.35500; 85.80972430Shishapangma19811 (0)
34Gurla Mandhata7,69425,243Nalakankar Himalaya30°26′19″N 81°17′48″E / 30.43861°N 81.29667°E / 30.43861; 81.296672,788Dhaulagiri19856 (4)
35Saser Kangri I/K227,67225,171Saser Karakoram34°52′00″N 77°45′09″E / 34.86667°N 77.75250°E / 34.86667; 77.752502,304Gasherbrum I19736 (4)
36Chogolisa7,66525,148Masherbrum Karakoram35°36′47″N 76°34′29″E / 35.61306°N 76.57472°E / 35.61306; 76.574721,624Masherbrum19754 (2)
Dhaulagiri IV7,66125,135Dhaulagiri Himalaya28°44′09″N 83°18′55″E / 28.73583°N 83.31528°E / 28.73583; 83.31528469Dhaulagiri II19752 (10)
37Kongur Tagh7,64925,095Kongur Shan Kunlun38°35′36″N 75°18′48″E / 38.59333°N 75.31333°E / 38.59333; 75.313333,585Distaghil Sar19812 (4)
Dhaulagiri V7,61824,993Dhaulagiri Himalaya28°44′02″N 83°21′41″E / 28.73389°N 83.36139°E / 28.73389; 83.36139 *340Dhaulagiri IV19752 (3)
38Shispare7,61124,970Batura Karakoram36°26′26″N 74°40′51″E / 36.44056°N 74.68083°E / 36.44056; 74.680831,240Batura Sar19743 (1)
39Trivor7,57724,859Hispar Karakoram36°17′15″N 75°05′06″E / 36.28750°N 75.08500°E / 36.28750; 75.08500 *980Distaghil Sar19602 (5)
40Gangkhar Puensum7,57024,836Kula Kangri Himalaya28°02′50″N 90°27′19″E / 28.04722°N 90.45528°E / 28.04722; 90.45528 *2,995Kangchenjungaunclimbed0 (3)
41Gongga Shan/
Minya Konka
7,55624,790Daxue Shan29°35′43″N 101°52′47″E / 29.59528°N 101.87972°E / 29.59528; 101.879723,642Mount Everest19326 (7)
42Annapurna III7,55524,787Annapurna Himalaya28°35′06″N 83°59′24″E / 28.58500°N 83.99000°E / 28.58500; 83.99000703Annapurna I196110 (17)
43Muztagh Ata7,54624,757Muztagata Kunlun38°16′33″N 75°06′58″E / 38.27583°N 75.11611°E / 38.27583; 75.116112,735Kongur Tagh1956Many
44Skyang Kangri7,54524,754Baltoro Karakoram35°55′35″N 76°34′03″E / 35.92639°N 76.56750°E / 35.92639; 76.567501,085K219761 (2)
45Changtse7,54324,747Mahalangur Himalaya28°01′29″N 86°54′51″E / 28.02472°N 86.91417°E / 28.02472; 86.91417520Mount Everest19829 (9)
46Kula Kangri7,53824,731Kula Kangri Himalaya28°13′37″N 90°36′59″E / 28.22694°N 90.61639°E / 28.22694; 90.616391,650Gangkhar Puensum19863 (2)
47Kongur Tiube7,53024,705Kongur Shan Kunlun38°36′57″N 75°11′45″E / 38.61583°N 75.19583°E / 38.61583; 75.19583840Kongur Tagh19562 (3)
48Mamostong Kangri7,51624,659Rimo Karakoram35°08′31″N 77°34′39″E / 35.14194°N 77.57750°E / 35.14194; 77.577501,803Gasherbrum I19845 (0)
49Saser Kangri II E7,51324,649Saser Karakoram34°48′17″N 77°48′24″E / 34.80472°N 77.80667°E / 34.80472; 77.806671,450Saser Kangri I20110 (0)[10]
50Ismoil Somoni Peak7,49524,590Pamir (Akademiya Nauk Range)38°56′35″N 72°00′57″E / 38.94306°N 72.01583°E / 38.94306; 72.015833,402Muztagh Ata1933
51Saser Kangri III7,49524,590Saser Karakoram34°50′44″N 77°47′06″E / 34.84556°N 77.78500°E / 34.84556; 77.78500850Saser Kangri I19861 (0)
52Noshaq7,49224,580Hindu Kush36°25′56″N 71°49′43″E / 36.43222°N 71.82861°E / 36.43222; 71.828612,024Tirich Mir196033 (3)
53Pumari Chhish7,49224,580Hispar Karakoram36°12′41″N 75°15′01″E / 36.21139°N 75.25028°E / 36.21139; 75.25028890Khunyang Chhish19791 (2)
54Pasu Sar7,47624,528Batura Karakoram36°29′16″N 74°35′16″E / 36.48778°N 74.58778°E / 36.48778; 74.58778645Batura Sar19941 (0)
55Yukshin Gardan Sar7,46924,505Hispar Karakoram36°15′04″N 75°22′29″E / 36.25111°N 75.37472°E / 36.25111; 75.374721,313Pumari Chhish19844 (1)
56Teram Kangri I7,46224,482Siachen Karakoram35°34′48″N 77°04′42″E / 35.58000°N 77.07833°E / 35.58000; 77.078331,702Gasherbrum I19752 (0)
57Jongsong Peak7,46224,482Kangchenjunga Himalaya27°52′54″N 88°08′09″E / 27.88167°N 88.13583°E / 27.88167; 88.135831,298Kangchenjunga19302 (3)
58Malubiting7,45824,469Rakaposhi-Haramosh Karakoram36°00′12″N 74°52′31″E / 36.00333°N 74.87528°E / 36.00333; 74.875282,193Rakaposhi19712 (6)
59Gangapurna7,45524,459Annapurna Himalaya28°36′18″N 83°57′49″E / 28.60500°N 83.96361°E / 28.60500; 83.96361563Annapurna III19658 (13)
60Jengish Chokusu/
Tömür/Pk Pobeda
7,43924,406Tian Shan42°02′05″N 80°07′47″E / 42.03472°N 80.12972°E / 42.03472; 80.129724,148Ismail Samani Peak1938
61K127,42824,370Saltoro Karakoram35°17′45″N 77°01′20″E / 35.29583°N 77.02222°E / 35.29583; 77.022221,978Saltoro Kangri19744 (2)
62Yangra/
Ganesh I
7,42224,350Ganesh Himalaya28°23′29″N 85°07′38″E / 28.39139°N 85.12722°E / 28.39139; 85.127222,352Manaslu19551 (6)
63Sia Kangri7,42224,350Siachen Karakoram35°39′48″N 76°45′42″E / 35.66333°N 76.76167°E / 35.66333; 76.76167640Gasherbrum I19346 (0)
64Momhil Sar7,41424,324Hispar Karakoram36°19′04″N 75°02′11″E / 36.31778°N 75.03639°E / 36.31778; 75.03639 *980Trivor19642 (6)
65Kabru N7,41224,318Kangchenjunga Himalaya27°38′02″N 88°07′00″E / 27.63389°N 88.11667°E / 27.63389; 88.11667780Kangchenjunga19941 (2)[11]
66Skil Brum7,41024,311Baltoro Karakoram35°51′03″N 76°25′43″E / 35.85083°N 76.42861°E / 35.85083; 76.428611,152K219572 (1)
67Haramosh7,40924,308Rakaposhi Karakoram35°50′24″N 74°53′51″E / 35.84000°N 74.89750°E / 35.84000; 74.897502,277Malubiting19584 (3)
68Istor-o-Nal7,40324,288Hindu Kush36°22′32″N 71°53′54″E / 36.37556°N 71.89833°E / 36.37556; 71.898331,040Noshaq19694 (5)
69Ghent Kangri7,40124,281Saltoro Karakoram35°31′04″N 76°48′02″E / 35.51778°N 76.80056°E / 35.51778; 76.800561,493Saltoro Kangri19614 (0)
70Ultar Sar7,38824,239Batura Karakoram36°23′27″N 74°43′00″E / 36.39083°N 74.71667°E / 36.39083; 74.71667700Shispare19962 (5)
71Rimo I7,38524,229Rimo Karakoram35°21′18″N 77°22′08″E / 35.35500°N 77.36889°E / 35.35500; 77.368891,438Teram Kangri I19881 (3)
72Churen Himal7,38524,229Dhaulagiri Himalaya28°44′05″N 83°13′03″E / 28.73472°N 83.21750°E / 28.73472; 83.21750600Dhaulagiri IV19703 (0)
73Teram Kangri III7,38224,219Siachen Karakoram35°35′59″N 77°02′53″E / 35.59972°N 77.04806°E / 35.59972; 77.04806520Teram Kangri I19791 (0)
74Sherpi Kangri7,38024,213Saltoro Karakoram35°27′58″N 76°46′53″E / 35.46611°N 76.78139°E / 35.46611; 76.78139 *1,000Ghent Kangri19761 (1)
75Labuche Kang7,36724,170Labuche Himalaya28°18′15″N 86°21′03″E / 28.30417°N 86.35083°E / 28.30417; 86.350831,957Cho Oyu19871 (0)
76Kirat Chuli7,36224,153Kangchenjunga Himalaya27°47′16″N 88°11′43″E / 27.78778°N 88.19528°E / 27.78778; 88.195281,168Kangchenjunga19391 (6)
Abi Gamin7,35524,131Garhwal Himalaya30°55′57″N 79°36′09″E / 30.93250°N 79.60250°E / 30.93250; 79.60250217Kamet195017 (2)
77Nangpai Gosum7,35024,114Mahalangur Himalaya28°04′24″N 86°36′51″E / 28.07333°N 86.61417°E / 28.07333; 86.61417500Cho Oyu19963 (1)
Gimmigela/
The Twins
7,35024,114Kangchenjunga Himalaya27°44′27″N 88°09′31″E / 27.74083°N 88.15861°E / 27.74083; 88.15861432Kangchenjunga19943 (1)
78Saraghrar7,34924,111Hindu Kush36°32′51″N 72°06′54″E / 36.54750°N 72.11500°E / 36.54750; 72.115001,979Noshaq19592 (3)
79Jomolhari7,32624,035Jomolhari Himalaya27°49′36″N 89°16′04″E / 27.82667°N 89.26778°E / 27.82667; 89.26778 *2,077Gangkhar Puensum19374 (0)
80Chamlang7,32124,019Mahalangur Himalaya27°46′30″N 86°58′47″E / 27.77500°N 86.97972°E / 27.77500; 86.979721,240Lhotse19617 (1)
81Chongtar7,31523,999Baltoro Karakoram35°54′55″N 76°25′45″E / 35.91528°N 76.42917°E / 35.91528; 76.429171,300Skil Brum19941 (1)
82Baltoro Kangri7,31223,990Masherbrum Karakoram35°38′21″N 76°40′24″E / 35.63917°N 76.67333°E / 35.63917; 76.673331,200Chogolisa19761 (0)
83Siguang Ri7,30923,980Mahalangur Himalaya28°08′50″N 86°41′06″E / 28.14722°N 86.68500°E / 28.14722; 86.68500650Cho Oyu19892 (1)
84The Crown/
Huang Guan
7,29523,934Yengisogat Karakoram36°06′24″N 76°12′21″E / 36.10667°N 76.20583°E / 36.10667; 76.205831,919Skil Brum (K2)19931 (3)
85Gyala Peri7,29423,930Assam Himalaya29°48′52″N 94°58′07″E / 29.81444°N 94.96861°E / 29.81444; 94.968612,942Mount Everest19861 (0)
86Porong Ri7,29223,924Langtang Himalaya28°23′22″N 85°43′12″E / 28.38944°N 85.72000°E / 28.38944; 85.72000520Shisha Pangma19825 (0)
87Baintha Brakk/
The Ogre
7,28523,901Panmah Karakoram35°56′51″N 75°45′12″E / 35.94750°N 75.75333°E / 35.94750; 75.75333 *1,891Kanjut Sar19773 (13)
88Yutmaru Sar7,28323,894Hispar Karakoram36°13′35″N 75°22′02″E / 36.22639°N 75.36722°E / 36.22639; 75.36722620Yukshin Gardan Sar19801 (1)
89Baltistan Peak/K67,28223,891Masherbrum Karakoram35°25′06″N 76°33′06″E / 35.41833°N 76.55167°E / 35.41833; 76.551671,962Chogolisa19701 (3)
90Kangpenqing/
Gang Benchhen
7,28123,888Baiku Himalaya28°33′03″N 85°32′44″E / 28.55083°N 85.54556°E / 28.55083; 85.545561,340Shisha Pangma19821 (1)
91Muztagh Tower7,27623,871Baltoro Karakoram35°49′40″N 76°21′40″E / 35.82778°N 76.36111°E / 35.82778; 76.361111,710Skil Brum19564 (2)
92Mana7,27223,858Garhwal Himalaya30°52′50″N 79°36′55″E / 30.88056°N 79.61528°E / 30.88056; 79.61528730Kamet19377 (3)
Dhaulagiri VI7,26823,845Dhaulagiri Himalaya28°42′31″N 83°16′27″E / 28.70861°N 83.27417°E / 28.70861; 83.27417485Dhaulagiri IV19705 (0)
93Diran7,26623,839Rakaposhi-Haramosh Karakoram36°07′13″N 74°39′42″E / 36.12028°N 74.66167°E / 36.12028; 74.661671,325Malubiting196812 (8)
94Labuche Kang III/East[12]7,25023,786Labuche Himalaya28°18′05″N 86°23′02″E / 28.30139°N 86.38389°E / 28.30139; 86.38389570Labuche Kangunclimbed0 (0)
95Putha Hiunchuli7,24623,773Dhaulagiri Himalaya28°44′52″N 83°08′46″E / 28.74778°N 83.14611°E / 28.74778; 83.146111,151Churen Himal195411 (5)
96Apsarasas Kangri7,24523,770Siachen Karakoram35°32′19″N 77°08′55″E / 35.53861°N 77.14861°E / 35.53861; 77.14861635Teram Kangri I19762 (0)
97Mukut Parbat7,24223,760Garhwal Himalaya30°56′57″N 79°34′12″E / 30.94917°N 79.57000°E / 30.94917; 79.57000840Kamet19512 (1)
98Rimo III7,23323,730Rimo Karakoram35°22′31″N 77°21′42″E / 35.37528°N 77.36167°E / 35.37528; 77.36167615Rimo I19851 (0)
99Langtang Lirung7,22723,711Langtang Himalaya28°15′22″N 85°31′01″E / 28.25611°N 85.51694°E / 28.25611; 85.516941,525Shisha Pangma197814 (13)
100Karjiang7,22123,691Kula Kangri Himalaya28°15′27″N 90°38′49″E / 28.25750°N 90.64694°E / 28.25750; 90.64694880Kula Kangriunclimbed0 (2)
101Annapurna Dakshin7,21923,684Annapurna Himalaya28°31′06″N 83°48′22″E / 28.51833°N 83.80611°E / 28.51833; 83.80611775Annapurna196410 (16)
102Khartaphu7,21323,665Mahalangur Himalaya28°03′49″N 86°58′39″E / 28.06361°N 86.97750°E / 28.06361; 86.97750712Mount Everest19351 (0)
103Tongshanjiabu[13]7,20723,645Lunana Himalaya28°11′12″N 89°57′27″E / 28.18667°N 89.95750°E / 28.18667; 89.957501,757Gangkar Puensumunclimbed0 (0)
104Malangutti Sar7,20723,645Hispar Karakoram36°21′47″N 75°08′57″E / 36.36306°N 75.14917°E / 36.36306; 75.14917515Distaghil Sar19851 (0)
105Noijin Kangsang/
Norin Kang
7,20623,642Nagarze Himalaya28°56′48″N 90°10′42″E / 28.94667°N 90.17833°E / 28.94667; 90.178332,160Tongshanjiabu19864 (1)
106Langtang Ri7,20523,638Langtang Himalaya28°22′53″N 85°41′01″E / 28.38139°N 85.68361°E / 28.38139; 85.68361650Porong Ri19814 (0)
107Kangphu Kang7,20423,635Lunana Himalaya28°09′20″N 90°03′48″E / 28.15556°N 90.06333°E / 28.15556; 90.063331,200Tongshanjiabu20021 (0)
108Singhi Kangri7,20223,629Siachen Karakoram35°35′59″N 76°59′01″E / 35.59972°N 76.98361°E / 35.59972; 76.98361790Teram Kangri III19762 (0)
109Lupghar Sar7,20023,622Hispar Karakoram36°21′01″N 75°02′13″E / 36.35028°N 75.03694°E / 36.35028; 75.03694 *730Momhil Sar19791 (0)

Stem and leaf plot[edit]

The following is a stem and leaf plot of the above data. The two digits to the left of the line are the first two digits of the mountain's height (meters), and each digit to the right of the line represents the third digit of the mountain's height. Each number on the right is linked to the corresponding mountain's article. For example, the height of one of the mountains (namely Mount Everest) is 884x meters. Also, it is apparent that there are only 5 mountains above 8,200 meters.
88 | 4
87 |
86 | 1
85 | 8 1
84 | 8
83 |
82 |
81 | 8 6 6 2
80 | 9 8 5 3 2
79 | 5 4 3 3
78 | 9 8 7 6 2 2 1 0
77 | 9 9 8 8 5 5 4 1 0 0
76 | 9 7 6 6 4 1 1
75 | 7 7 5 5 4 4 4 3 3 1 1
74 | 9 9 9 9 7 6 6 6 5 5 3 2 2 2 1 1 1 0 0 0
73 | 8 8 8 8 8 6 6 5 5 5 4 2 1 1 1 0
72 | 9 9 9 8 8 8 8 7 7 6 6 5 4 4 4 3 2 2 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Krulwich, Robert (April 7, 2007). "The 'Highest' Spot on Earth?". Retrieved 21 March 2009. 
  2. ^ "High Asia summits over 6,750 metres high with 500 metres of re-ascent". viewfinderpanoramas.org. Retrieved January 10, 2014. 
  3. ^ For Nepal, the heights indicated on the Nepal Topographic Maps are followed. For China and the Baltoro Karakoram, the heights are those of "The Maps of Snow Mountains in China". For the Hispar Karakoram the heights on a Russian 1:100,000 topo map [1] seem to be more accurate than the customarily quoted heights probably based on US army maps from the 50s [2]. Elsewhere, unless otherwise indicated, heights are those in Jill Neate's "High Asia".
  4. ^ Coordinates were established by comparing topographical maps with satellite images and SRTM-derived terrain maps. The terrain maps and satellite images often don't match exactly. An asterisk (*) indicates that the map and image are shifted by more than 100 m (4") and/or that the landscapes around the summit don't match.
  5. ^ The prominence data were extracted from a combination of maps and computer aided analysis of NASA's 3" SRTM data. Prominences over 1,450 m were copied from this website.
  6. ^ Here defined as the first higher mountain beyond the key saddle with at least 500 m prominence itself.
  7. ^ The number of ascents and failed attempts up to 2004 is extracted from the Club Himalayan index. These are the number of expeditions (not individuals) that announced their ascent or attempt in a journal. They are probably quite accurate for the rarely climbed peaks (though omissions were noted), but greatly underestimate the number of ascending parties on the easier and/or more popular mountains, like most eight-thousanders. For instance, Mt Everest has been scaled 2,251 times by individuals up to 2004 [3].
  8. ^ Given the large differences between multiple "final" measurements of Mt Everest, the traditional 8,848 m is listed. For more information, see Mount Everest#Measurement.
  9. ^ Everest IS parent to K2 by the definition of topographic prominence. See also, the discussion page.
  10. ^ The highest (Eastern) summit of Saser Kangri II has just recently been climbed, August 24th, 2011 [4]. The lower West peak, 2.5 km away, has been climbed in 1984 and twice since.
  11. ^ According to the 1996 Himalayan Journal (pp.29–36), the highest point of the Kabru massif (the North summit) was climbed by an Indian Army team in May 1994
  12. ^ The height is unknown, but over 7,200 meters on both Chinese and Russian maps of the area.
  13. ^ The name and information about this summit was extracted from the May 2003 edition of Japanese Alpine News.

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]