List of highest bridges in the world

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Sidu River Bridge is since 2009 by far the highest bridge of the world with deck height of 496 m (1,627 ft)

The list of the world's highest bridges ranks bridges by deck height. The deck height of a bridge is the maximum vertical drop distance from the bridge deck (the road, rail or other transport bed of a bridge) down to the ground or water surface beneath the bridge span. Deck height should not be confused with structural height, which measures the maximum vertical distance from the uppermost point of a bridge (e.g. top of the bridge tower) down to the lowest visible point of a bridge, where its piers emerge from the surface of the ground, foundation or water. A separate list of the world's tallest bridges ranks bridges by structural height.

The rankings of the world's tallest and highest bridges differ in part because some of the highest bridges are built across deep valleys and gorges. The Sidu River Bridge in Hubei Province of China is a suspension bridge that spans a deep river gorge. The bridge's two towers, built on either rim of the gorge, are not tall enough for the bridge structure to be counted among the world's tallest, but thanks to the depth of the river gorge, the deck height of the Sidu River Bridge is at least 496 m (1,627 ft) above the river, making it the highest bridge in the world. The Millau Viaduct, a cable-stayed bridge that spans the Tarn River Valley in southern France, is a bridge that is both tall (in structural height) and high (in deck height). The viaduct's bridge deck soars 270 m (890 ft) above the valley floor, placing the bridge among the twenty highest bridges in the world. Unlike the Sidu River Bridge, the tallest of the Millau Viaduct's towers (also referred to as mast pylons) is situated near the valley floor and gives the Millau Viaduct a maximum structural height of 343 m (1,125 ft), making it the tallest bridge in the world.

Completed bridges[edit]

The ranking of the highest bridges in the world, currently open for use. Only bridges with a height of 175 metres (574 ft) or greater are included. Bridges under construction or demolished are not included.

   RankNameLocationHeight
(metres / feet)
Main
span
(metres / feet)
Year openedCarries
Siduhe Bridge-4.jpg1 [1]Sidu River Bridge
World's highest bridge since 2009
China China - Yesanguan Township, Badong County, Hubei496 m (1,627 ft) [note 1]900 m (2,950 ft)2009Road
2 [2]Hegigio Gorge Pipeline Bridge
World's highest bridge from 2005 to 2009
World's highest pipeline bridge
Papua New Guinea Papua New Guinea - Otoma, Southern Highlands393 m (1,289 ft)4 m (13 ft)2005Petroleum
Puente Baluarte, Mexico1.jpg3 [3]Baluarte Bridge
Highest cable-stayed bridge in the world
Highest bridge in the Americas
Mexico Mexico - Pueblo Nuevo, Durango390 m (1,280 ft)520 m (1,710 ft)2012Road
Balinghe Bridge-1.jpg4 [4]Baling River BridgeChina China - Guanling County, Guizhou370 m (1,210 ft)1,088 m (3,570 ft)2009Road
Beipanjiang Suspension Road Bridge-2.jpg5 [5]Beipanjiang River 2003 Bridge
World's highest bridge from 2003 to 2005
China China - Xingbeizhen, Guizhou366 m (1,201 ft)388 m (1,273 ft)2003Road
Aizhai Bridge-8.jpg6 [6]Aizhai Bridge
World's highest tunnel-to-tunnel bridge
China China - Jishou, Hunan350 m (1,150 ft)1,176 m (3,858 ft)2012Road
Liuchonghe Bridge-1.jpg7 [7]Liuchonghe BridgeChina China - Zhijin, Guizhou336 m (1,102 ft)438 m (1,437 ft)2013Road
Beipanjiang Highway Suspension Bridge-3.jpg8 [8]Beipanjiang River 2009 BridgeChina China - Qinglong, Guizhou318 m (1,043 ft)636 m (2,087 ft)2009Road
Liuguanghe Bridge-2.jpg9 [9]Liuguanghe Bridge
World's highest bridge from 2001 to 2003
China China - Liu Guangzhen, Guizhou297 m (974 ft)240 m (790 ft)2001Road
Zhijinghe River Bridge-1.jpg10 [10]Zhijinghe River Bridge
World's highest arch bridge
China China - Dazhipingzhen, Hubei294 m (965 ft)430 m (1,410 ft)2009Road
Mind the Gap, Royal Gorge Bridge.jpg11 [11]Royal Gorge Bridge
World's highest bridge from 1929 to 2001
United States United States - Cañon City, Colorado291 m (955 ft)286 m (938 ft)1929Road
Beipanjiang Railway Bridge-4.jpg12 [12]Beipanjiang River Railway Bridge
World's highest railway bridge
China China - Liupanshui, Guizhou275 m (902 ft)236 m (774 ft)2001Railway
Hoover Dam Bypass Bridge - 2010-07.tif13 [13]Mike O'Callaghan–Pat Tillman Memorial BridgeUnited States United States - Clark County, Nevada & Mohave County, Arizona271 m (889 ft)323 m (1,060 ft)2010Road
ViaducdeMillau.jpg14 [14]Millau Viaduct
World's Tallest Bridge
France France - Millau, Midi-Pyrénées270 m (886 ft)342 m (1,122 ft)2004Road
New River Gorge Bridge West Virginia 244750516.jpg15 [15]New River Gorge BridgeUnited States United States - Fayetteville, West Virginia267 m (876 ft)518 m (1,699 ft)1977Road
Wulingshan Bridge-3.jpg16 [16]Wulingshan BridgeChina China - Pengshui, Chongqing263 m (863 ft)360 m (1,180 ft)2009Road
Viadotto Italia, autostrada A3.jpg17 [17]Italia ViaductItaly Italy - Laino Borgo, Calabria259 m (850 ft)175 m (574 ft)1974Road
18 [18]Jiangjiehe BridgeChina China - Weng'an, Guizhou256 m (840 ft) [note 2]330 m (1,080 ft)1993Road
Viadotto Sfalassa, autostrada A3.jpg19 [19]Sfalassa ViaductItaly Italy - Bagnara Calabra, Calabria254 m (833 ft)160 m (525 ft)1974Road
Azhihe Bridge.jpg20 [20]Azhihe River BridgeChina China - Changliuxiang, Guizhou247 m (810 ft)283 m (928 ft)2003Road
Malinghe River Bridge.jpg21 [21]Malinghe River BridgeChina China - Xingyi, Guizhou241 m (791 ft)360 m (1,180 ft)2011Road
22 [22]Furong River BridgeChina China - Haokouxiang, Chongqing240 m (790 ft)230 m (755 ft)2009Road
23 [23]Viaduto do Corgo (de)Portugal Portugal - Vila Real, Tràs-dos-Montes230 m (750 ft)300 m (980 ft)2013Road
24 [24]Labajin BridgeChina China - Yingjing, Sichuan229 m (751 ft)200 m (660 ft)2012Road
Zhuchanghe Bridge, Guizhou, China-1.JPG25 [25]Zhuchanghe River BridgeChina China - Sanbanqiaozhen, Guizhou224 m (735 ft)200 m (656 ft)2008Road
Foresthill Bridge @ American River Confluence April 27 2008.jpg26 [26]Foresthill BridgeUnited States United States - Auburn, California223 m (732 ft)263 m (863 ft)1973Road
Viadotto Platano, raccordo autostradale 5.JPG27= [27]Platano Viaduct
Viadotto Platano
Italy Italy - Romagnano al Monte, Campania220 m (722 ft)291 m (955 ft)1978Road
27= [28]Mangjiedu Bridge
漭街渡大桥
China China - Yongxin Yizu Xiang, Yunnan220 m (722 ft) [note 3]220 m (722 ft)2009Road
Weijiazhou Bridge-1.jpg27= [29]Weijiazhou Bridge
魏家洲特大桥
China China - Gaojiayanzhen, Changyang County, Hubei220 m (720 ft)200 m (656 ft)2009Road
San Marcos Bridge Towers.jpg27= [30]San Marcos Bridge
Puente San Marcos
Mexico Mexico - Xicotepec de Juárez, Puebla220 m (720 ft)180 m (590 ft)2013Road
Mashuihe Bridge-1.jpg31= [31]Mashuihe River Viaduct
马水河特大桥
China China - Baiyangpingxiang, Hubei219 m (719 ft)200 m (656 ft)2008Road
Bridge near Three Gorges, Yangtze, China.jpg31= [32]Daning River BridgeChina China - Wushan, Chongqing219 m (719 ft) [note 4]400 m (1,310 ft)2010Road
31= [33]Houzihe River Bridge
猴子河特大桥
China China - Sandu Suizu, Guizhou219 m (719 ft)220 m (722 ft)2010Road
Xixi Suspension Bridge.JPG34 [34]Xixi Bridge
西溪大桥
China China - Linquanzhen, Guizhou218 m (715 ft)338 m (1,109 ft)2001Road
Xisha Bridge.JPG35 [35]Xisha BridgeChina China - Lianghezhen, Chongqing217 m (712 ft)190 m (620 ft)2010Road
Bloukrans Bridge-001.jpg36 [36]Bloukrans Bridge
The highest Bridge in Africa
South Africa South Africa - Nature's Valley, Western Cape216 m (709 ft)272 m (892 ft)1984Road
PhilGMcDonaldBridge.jpg37= [37]Phil G McDonald Memorial BridgeUnited States United States - Beckley, West Virginia213 m (699 ft)239 m (784 ft)1988Road
Glen Canyon Dam 2522.jpg37= [38]Glen Canyon Dam BridgeUnited States United States - Page, Arizona213 m (699 ft)313 m (1,027 ft)1959Road
Yesanhe Highway Bridge-1.jpg39 [39]Yesanhe River Bridge
野三河特大桥
China China - Gaopingzhen, Jianshi County, Hubei210 m (689 ft)200 m (656 ft)2009Road
Tieluoping Bridge-1.jpg40= [40]Tieluoping Bridge
铁罗特大桥
China China - Langpingzhen, Changyang County, Hubei209 m (686 ft)322 m (1,056 ft)2009Road
Hutiaohe Bridge, Guizhou, China-1.JPG40= [41]Hutiaohe River Viaduct
虎跳河大桥'
China China - Sanbanqiaozhen, Guizhou209 m (686 ft)225 m (738 ft)2009Road
Xiaohe Bridge-1.jpg42 [42]Xiaohe River Bridge
小河特大桥
China China - Enshi, Hubei208 m (682 ft)338 m (1,109 ft)2010Road
Shuanghekou Bridge.JPG43 [43]Shuanghekou Bridge
双河口特大桥
China China - Langpingzhen, Hubei203 m (666 ft)170 m (560 ft)2009Road
44= [44]Karun 3 Dam Bridge
سد کارون 3
Iran Iran - Bajool, Khuzestan200 m (656 ft)252 m (827 ft)2005Road
44= [45]San Cristóbal Bridge
Puente San Cristóbal
Mexico Mexico - Ajtectic, Chiapas200 m (656 ft)178 m (584 ft)2006Road
Shintabisoko Bridge 1.jpg44= [46]Shintabisoko Bridge (ja)
新旅足橋
Japan Japan - Yaotsu, Gifu200 m (656 ft)220 m (722 ft)2010Road
Wiadukt kolejowy Mala Rijeka w Czarnogórze.JPG47= [47]Mala Rijeka ViaductMontenegro Montenegro - Podgorica198 m (650 ft)151 m (495 ft)1973Railway
Puente el Carrizo.jpg47= [48]El Carrizo Bridge
Puente El Carrizo
Mexico Mexico - El Palmito, Sinaloa198 m (650 ft)140 m (460 ft)2013Road
Longtanhe Bridge-1.jpg49 [49]Longtanhe River Viaduct
龙潭河大桥
China China - Langpingzhen, Hubei197 m (646 ft)200 m (660 ft)2009Road
Hiroshima Airport Bridege 2012 12edit.jpg50 [50]Hiroshima Airport Bridge (ja) [[]]
広島空港大橋
Japan Japan - Hiroshima195 m (640 ft)380 m (1,250 ft)2010Road
New Bidwell Bar Bridge Oroville CA.jpg51= [51]New Bidwell Bar BridgeUnited States United States - Oroville, California191 m (627 ft) [note 5]337.7 m (1,108 ft)1967Road
Wushan Bridge, Chongqing Municipality.JPG51= [52]Wushan Bridge
湖山大桥
China China - Pengshui, Chongqing191 m (627 ft)170 m (560 ft)2009Road
Europabrücke.jpg53= [53]Europa BridgeAustria Austria - Innsbruck, Tirol190 m (620 ft)198 m (650 ft)1964Road
53= [54]Niouc Bridge
Pont Niouc
Switzerland Switzerland - Niouc, Valais190 m (620 ft)190 m (620 ft)1922Footbridge
53= [55]Buliuhe River Bridge
布柳河大桥
China China - Xiangyangzhen, Guanxi190 m (620 ft)235 m (771 ft)2006Road
Pont de Gueuroz west.jpg56= [56]Trient Bridge
Pont Trient
Gueuroz Bridge
Pont Gueuroz
Switzerland Switzerland - Gueuroz, Valais189 m (620 ft)98 m (322 ft)1933Road
Pont de Gueuroz west.jpg56= [57]New Trient Bridge
Pont Neuf Trient
New Gueuroz Bridge
Pont Neuf Gueuroz
Switzerland Switzerland - Gueuroz, Valais189 m (620 ft)109 m (358 ft)1994Road
Yanjinhe Arch Bridge.JPG56= [58]Yanjinhe River 1995 BridgeChina China - Renhuai, Guizhou189 m (620 ft)174 m (571 ft)1995Footbridge
59[59]Lancanjiang River Pipeline Bridge
与澜沧江大桥
China China - Shanyangxiang, Yunnan187 m (614 ft) [note 3]400 m (1,300 ft)2013Pipeline
Kochertalbruecke 080606.jpg60= [60]Kocher ViaductGermany Germany - Braunsbach, Baden-Württemberg185 m (607 ft)138 m (453 ft)1979Road
Viadotto Sente, Strada statale 86 Istonia.JPG60= [61]Sente Viaduct
Viadotto Sente
Italy Italy - Castiglione Messer Marino, Abruzzo185 m (607 ft)200 m (656 ft)1977Road
Ponte Cadore 1.JPG62 [62]Piave River ViaductViadotto Piave
Viadotto Cadore
Italy Italy - Caralte, Veneto184 m (604 ft)255 m (837 ft)1985Road
Wuxi Bridge.JPG63= [63]Wuxi Bridge
乌溪大桥
China China - Huangnitangzhen, Guizhou183 m (600 ft)160 m (525 ft)2001Road
Luojiaohe Bridge-1.jpg63= [64]Luojiao River Bridge
落脚河大桥
China China - Dafang, Guizhou183 m (600 ft)268 m (879 ft)2001Road
Qingshuihe Railway Bridge.JPG65= [65]Qingshuihe River Railway Bridge
清水河大桥
China China - Qingshuihezhen, Guizhou180 m (591 ft)128 m (420 ft)2000Railway
65= [66]Maguo River BridgeChina China - Kunming, Yunnan180 m (591 ft)190 m (620 ft)2012Road
Wushan Yangtze River Bridge.JPG65= [67]Wushan Yangtze River BridgeChina China - Wushan, Chongqing180 m (591 ft) [note 4]460 m (1,510 ft)2005Road
65= [68]Guozigoui Bridge
果子沟大桥
China China - Ili Kazak, Xinjiang180 m (591 ft)360 m (1,180 ft)2011Road
Yanjinhe Highway Bridge-1.jpg68 [69]Maotai Bridge
盐津河拱桥
China China - Renhuai, Guizhou178 m (584 ft)220 m (722 ft)2009Road
Viadotto Gorsexio, autostrada A26.JPG69 [70]Gorsexio Bridge
Viadotto Gorsexio
Italy Italy - Mele, Liguria177 m (581 ft)144 m (472 ft)1977Road
Pont du Rhumel.jpg70= [71]Sidi M'Cid Bridge
Pont Sidi M'Cid
Algeria Algeria - Constantine175 m (574 ft)160 m (520 ft)1912Road
Tangxihe Bridge.JPG70= [72]Tangxihe River Bridge
汤溪河特大桥
China China - Yunyangzhen, Chongqing175 m (574 ft)230 m (750 ft)2009Road

Under construction[edit]

The list below includes the highest bridges in the world currently under construction. Only bridges with a height of 175 metres (574 ft) or greater are included.

      NameLocationHeight
(metres / feet)
Main
span
(metres / feet)
Expected CompletionCarries
[73]Dimuhe River BridgeChina China - Liupanshui, Guizhou380 m (1,250 ft)538 m (1,765 ft)2015Road
[74]Puli BridgeChina China - Xuanwei, Qujing, Yunnan340 m (1,120 ft)628 m (2,060 ft)2015Road
[75]Lishui River Bridge
澧水大桥
China China - Zhangjiajie, Hunan330 m (1,080 ft)856 m (2,808 ft)2013Road
[76]Chenab BridgeIndia India - Katra, Jammu-Kashmir359 m (1,178 ft)480 m (1,570 ft)[77]2017Railway
[78]Falanggou Bridge
法朗沟特大桥
China China - Linkouzhen, Guizhou304 m (997 ft)225 m (738 ft)2015Road
[79]Longjiang River Bridge
龙江大桥
China China - Wuhexiang, Yunnan292 m (958 ft)1,196 m (3,924 ft)2015Road
[80]Lancanjiang River Railway Bridge
与澜沧江大桥
China China - Shanyangxiang, Yunnan271 m (889 ft) [note 3]342 m (1,122 ft)2014Railway
[81]Zongqihe Bridge
总溪河特大桥
China China - Weixinzhen, Guizhou264 m (866 ft)360 m (1,180 ft)2016Road
Beipanjiang Highway Bridge, Guizhou, China-1.JPG[82]Beipanjiang River 2012 Bridge
北盘江特大桥
China China - Fa’er Bouyei, Guizhou250 m (820 ft)290 m (950 ft)2013Road
[83]Mengdong River Bridge
猛洞河特大桥
China China - Yongshun, Hunan232 m (761 ft)255 m (837 ft)2013Road
[84]Nanjiang River Railway Bridge
南江特大桥
China China - Kaiyang, Guizhou230 m (750 ft)176 m (577 ft)2013Railway
Shennongxi Highway Bridge.JPG[85]Shennongxi Bridge
神农溪大桥
China China - Yanduhezhen, Hubei225 m (738 ft)351 m (1,152 ft)2013Road
[86]Hezhang Bridge
赫章特大桥
China China - Hezhang, Guizhou210 m (690 ft)180 m (590 ft)2013Road
[87]Anjikhad Railway BridgeIndia India - Katra, Jammu-Kashmir186 m (610 ft)240 m (790 ft)[88]2017Railway

Timeline[edit]

The list below shows the historical progression of the highest bridge in the world.

   NameRecordLocationHeight
(metres / feet)
Main
span
(metres / feet)
Year openedCarries
Siduhe Bridge-4.jpgSidu River Bridge2009–China Yesanguanzhen496 m/1,627 ft900 m/2,952 ft2009G50
Hegigio Gorge Pipeline Bridge2005–2009Papua New Guinea Otoma393 m/1,289 ft470 m/1,542 ft2005pipeline
Beipanjiang Suspension Road Bridge-2.jpgBeipanjiang River 2003 Bridge2003–2005China Xingbeizhen366 m/1,200 ft388 m/1,273 ft2003highway
Liuguanghe Bridge-2.jpgLiuguanghe Bridge2001–2003China Liu Guangzhen297 m/975 ft240 m/787 ft2001G321
Royal Gorge Bridge 2010.jpgRoyal Gorge Bridge1929–2001United States Cañon City291 m/955 ft286 m/938 ft1929road
Niouc Bridge1922–1929Switzerland Niouc190 m/623 ft190 m/623 ft1922pipeline
Constantine, Algeria, Bridge-7.jpgSidi M'Cid Bridge1912–1922Algeria Constantine175 m/575 ft160 m/525 ft1912road
Pont de la Caille 01.jpgPont de la Caille1839 - 1912France Allonzier-la-Caille147 m/482 ft183 m/600 ft1839pedestrian
Vue du Puente Nuevo depuis les murailles.jpgPuente Nuevo1751 - 1839Spain Ronda120 m/394 ft100 m/328 ft1793road
SpoletoPonteDelleTorri ty20060511r12071.jpgPonte Delle Torri1350 - 1751Italy Spoleto116 m/380 ft[89]1350[90]Aqueduct
Puente AlcántaraR.jpgAlcántara Bridge106 - 1350Spain Alcántara48 m/157 ft[91]29 m/95 ft106Roman bridge
Pont d'Aël - Gesamt 2.jpgPont d'Aël3 BC - 106Italy Aymavilles66 m[92]/217 ft14 m/46 ft3 BCRoman aqueduct

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ A dam under construction will create a reservoir below the bridge.
  2. ^ The formation of the Goupitan Reservoir below the bridge has reduced the height above the water.
  3. ^ a b c The Xiaowan Dam has created a reservoir which extends under the bridge and the full height is not visible.
  4. ^ a b The Three Gorges Dam Reservoir has increased the height of the water below the bridge and the full height is no longer visible.
  5. ^ Due to the construction of the Oroville Dam and formation of the Lake Oroville the bridge now sits only metres above the water.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Siduhe Bridge". Retrieved 29 February 2012. 
  2. ^ Hegigio Gorge Pipeline Bridge at Structurae. Retrieved on 29 February 2012.
  3. ^ "Mexico inaugurates world's highest cable-stayed bridge". BBC News. 6 January 2012. Retrieved 29 February 2012. 
  4. ^ Balinghe Bridge at Structurae. Retrieved on 29 February 2012.
  5. ^ Beipanjiang River Bridge (2003) at Structurae. Retrieved on 29 February 2012.
  6. ^ "Aizhai Bridge". Retrieved 29 February 2012. 
  7. ^ "Liuchonghe Bridge". Retrieved 13 April 2012. 
  8. ^ "Beipanjiang River 2009 Bridge". Retrieved 29 February 2012. 
  9. ^ Liuguanghe Bridge at Structurae. Retrieved on 2 March 2012.
  10. ^ "Zhijinghe River Bridge". Retrieved 29 February 2012. 
  11. ^ "Royal Gorge Bridge". Retrieved 29 February 2012. 
  12. ^ Beipanjiang Railway Bridge at Structurae. Retrieved on 2 March 2012.
  13. ^ "Mike O'Callaghan - Pat Tillman Memorial Bridge". Retrieved 29 February 2012. 
  14. ^ Millau Viaduct at Structurae. Retrieved on 2 March 2012.
  15. ^ New River Gorge Bridge at Structurae. Retrieved on 9 January 2012.
  16. ^ "Wulingshan Bridge". Retrieved 5 March 2012. 
  17. ^ Italia Viaduct at Structurae. Retrieved on 9 January 2012.
  18. ^ Jiangjiehe Bridge at Structurae. Retrieved on 9 January 2012.
  19. ^ Sfalassa Viaduct at Structurae. Retrieved on 9 January 2012.
  20. ^ Azhihe River Bridge at Structurae. Retrieved on 9 January 2012.
  21. ^ "Malinghe River Bridge". Retrieved 11 March 2012. 
  22. ^ "Furongjiang River Bridge". Retrieved 3 April 2012. 
  23. ^ Viaduto do Corgo da A.E. Transmontana
  24. ^ "Labajin Bridge". Retrieved 9 April 2012. 
  25. ^ "Zhuchanghe River Bridge". Retrieved 11 March 2012. 
  26. ^ "Foresthill Bridge". Retrieved 11 March 2012. 
  27. ^ "Platano Viaduct". Retrieved 11 March 2012. 
  28. ^ Mangjiedu Bridge at Structurae. Retrieved on 16 January 2012.
  29. ^ "Weijiazhou Bridge". Retrieved 11 March 2012. 
  30. ^ "El Carrizo Bridge". Retrieved 13 April 2012. 
  31. ^ Mashuihe River Viaduct at Structurae. Retrieved on 16 January 2012.
  32. ^ "Daninghe River Bridge". Retrieved 3 April 2012. 
  33. ^ "Houzihe River Bridge". Retrieved 11 March 2012. 
  34. ^ Xixi Bridge at Structurae. Retrieved on 16 January 2012.
  35. ^ "Xisha Bridge". Retrieved 11 March 2012. 
  36. ^ Bloukrans Bridge at Structurae. Retrieved on 13 February 2012.
  37. ^ "Phil G McDonald Memorial Bridge". Retrieved 13 March 2012. 
  38. ^ "Glen Canyon Dam Bridge". Retrieved 13 March 2012. 
  39. ^ "Yesanhe Highway Bridge". Retrieved 3 April 2012. 
  40. ^ "Tieluoping Bridge". Retrieved 3 April 2012. 
  41. ^ "Hutiaohe River Viaduct". Retrieved 3 April 2012. 
  42. ^ "Xiaohe River Bridge". Retrieved 3 April 2012. 
  43. ^ "Shuanghekou Bridge". Retrieved 3 April 2012. 
  44. ^ "Karun 3 Dam Bridge". Retrieved 4 April 2012. 
  45. ^ "San Cristóbal Bridge". Retrieved 4 April 2012. 
  46. ^ "Shintabisoko Bridge". Retrieved 4 April 2012. 
  47. ^ "Mala Rijeka Viaduct". Retrieved 17 April 2012. 
  48. ^ "El Carrizo Bridge". Retrieved 13 April 2012. 
  49. ^ "Longtanhe River Viaduct". Retrieved 17 April 2012. 
  50. ^ "Hiroshima Airport Bridge". Retrieved 17 April 2012. 
  51. ^ "New Bidwell Bar Bridge". Retrieved 17 April 2012. 
  52. ^ "Wushan Bridge". Retrieved 17 April 2012. 
  53. ^ "Europa Bridge". Retrieved 17 April 2012. 
  54. ^ "Niouc Bridge". Retrieved 17 April 2012. 
  55. ^ "Buliuhe River Bridge". Retrieved 17 April 2012. 
  56. ^ "Trient Bridge". Retrieved 17 April 2012. 
  57. ^ "New Trient Bridge". Retrieved 17 April 2012. 
  58. ^ "Yanjinhe River 1995 Bridge". Retrieved 17 April 2012. 
  59. ^ "Lancanjiang River Pipeline Bridge". Retrieved 8 August 2012. 
  60. ^ "Kochertal Viaduct". Retrieved 17 April 2012. 
  61. ^ "Sente Viaduct". Retrieved 17 April 2012. 
  62. ^ "Piave River Viaduct". Retrieved 17 April 2012. 
  63. ^ "Wuxi Bridge". Retrieved 17 April 2012. 
  64. ^ "Luojiaohe River Bridge". Retrieved 17 April 2012. 
  65. ^ "Qingshuihe River Railway Bridge". Retrieved 17 April 2012. 
  66. ^ "Dropping down from Yunnan's highest bridge on ropes". Retrieved 12 December 2013. 
  67. ^ "Wushan Yangtze River Bridge". Retrieved 17 April 2012. 
  68. ^ "Guozigoui Bridge". Retrieved 17 April 2012. 
  69. ^ "Maotai Bridge". Retrieved 17 April 2012. 
  70. ^ "Gorsexio Bridge". Retrieved 17 April 2012. 
  71. ^ "Sidi M'Cid Bridge". Retrieved 17 April 2012. 
  72. ^ "Tangxihe River Bridge". Retrieved 17 April 2012. 
  73. ^ "Puli Bridge". Retrieved 13 April 2012. 
  74. ^ "Puli Bridge". Retrieved 13 April 2012. 
  75. ^ "Lishuihe River Bridge". Retrieved 6 March 2012. 
  76. ^ "Chenab Bridge". Retrieved 13 April 2012. 
  77. ^ http://en.structurae.de/structures/data/index.cfm?ID=s0013811
  78. ^ "Falanggou Bridge". Retrieved 6 March 2012. 
  79. ^ "Longjiang River Bridge". Retrieved 6 March 2012. 
  80. ^ "Lancanjiang River Railway Bridge". Retrieved 13 April 2012. 
  81. ^ "Zongqihe Bridge". Retrieved 11 March 2012. 
  82. ^ "Zongqihe Bridge". Retrieved 13 April 2012. 
  83. ^ "Mengdong River Bridge". Retrieved 8 August 2012. 
  84. ^ "Nanjiang River Railway Bridge". Retrieved 8 August 2012. 
  85. ^ "Shennongxi Bridge". Retrieved 13 April 2012. 
  86. ^ "Hezhang Bridge". Retrieved 13 April 2012. 
  87. ^ "Anjikhad Railway Bridgee". Retrieved 13 April 2012. 
  88. ^ http://en.structurae.de/structures/data/index.cfm?id=s0013812
  89. ^ "Tall buildings 1896". 
  90. ^ "The Tower's Bridge (Ponte delle Torri)". 
  91. ^ "Alcántara Bridge". 
  92. ^ Döring 1998, pp. 131f. (fig. 10)