List of grape varieties

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"Wine grapes" redirects here. For for the book, see Wine Grapes.

This list of grape varieties includes cultivated grapes, whether used for wine, or eating as a table grape, fresh or dried (raisin, currant, sultana).

The term grape variety actually refers to cultivars rather than botanical varieties according to the International Code of Nomenclature for Cultivated Plants, because they are propagated by cuttings and may have unstable reproductive properties. However, the term variety has become so entrenched in viticulture that any change to usage of the term cultivar is unlikely.

Single species grapes[edit]

While some of the grapes in this section are hybrids, they are hybridized within a single species (for example, Niagara). For those grapes hybridized across species, see the section on multispecies hybrid grapes below.

Vitis vinifera grapes (wine)[edit]

Red grapes[edit]

NameCountry/region of originOrigins and crossesHectares under cultivation (year)Year of introduction
Abbuoto / Aboto / CecuboItaly, Lazio region717 (2000)
Abouriou / Beaujolais / Early Burgunder / Early Burgundy / Gamay Beaujolais / Gamay du Rhône / Gamay St-Laurent / Malbec Argente Negret de la Canourgue / Noir Hatif / Plant Abouriou / Plant Précoce / Précoce Naugé / Précoce Noir / Pressac de BourgogneFrance, Southwest
AbruscoItaly, Tuscany6 (2000)
AcitanaItaly, Sicily
AcolonGermanyBlaufränkisch x Dornfelder1351971
Agiorgitiko/AghiorghitikoGreece
AglianicoGreece/Italy, Basilicata and Campania
AglianiconeItaly, Basilicata and Campania140 ha (2000)
AladasturiGeorgia
Albaranzeuli neroItaly, Sardinia
AlbarossaItaly, Veneto region10 (2000)1938
Aleatico/AglianoItaly
AlexandrouliGeorgia
Alfrocheiro PretoPortugal
Alicante BouschetFrance1866
Alicante GanzinFrance1886
Alvarelhão / BrancelhoPortugal470
AncellottaItaly, Emilia-Romagna19 (Switzerland 2009)
AndréCzech,1960
Aragónez see TempranilloSpain170,000 (2004)
AramonFrance, Languedoc9,100 (France 2000)
AreniArmenia
Arrouya noirFrance, Jurançon AOC
AspiranFrance, Languedoc7 (1988)
AubunFrance, Rhone valley1,400 (2000)
AvanàItaly, Piedmont30 (2000)
AvarengoItaly, Piedmont
Băbească neagrăRomania6,300 (2005)
BagaPortugal
BarbarossaItaly
BarbarouxFrance
BarberaItaly28,000 (2000)
Barbera del SannioItaly, Campania
Barbera SardaItaly, Sardinia
BarsaglinaItaly, Tuscany and Liguria30 (2000)
Bastardo/ TrousseauPortugal
BelloneItaly3,000 (1990)
Béquignol noirFrance, Argentina
Black MuscatGermany
BlatinaBosnia
BlauburgerAustriaBlauer Portugieser x Blaufränkisch1923
Blauer Portugieser / Blauer Portuguiser / Oporto / Kékoportó / Portugais/ Kékoporto/ |PortugieserAustria4,551 (Germany 2007)
Blaufränkisch / Lemberger / Franconia / Kékfrankos / GaméAustriaGouais blanc x Frankish grapes3,340 (Austria), 1,729 (Germany), 1,742 (Slovakia), 8,000 (Hungary), 891 (Romania), 880 (Croatia), 127 (Italia), 30 (USA)
Bobal, ProvechonSpain, Utiel-Requena90,000
BoğazkereTurkey, Elazığ Province
Bombino neroItaly
BonamicoItaly, Tuscany100 (2000)
Bonarda PiemonteseItaly, Piedmont
BondaItaly, Valle d'Aosta3 (2000)
BondolaSwitzerland, Ticino
Bouchalès see GrapputFrance, Gironde
Bouteillan noirFrance, Provence
BovaleItaly, Sardinia
Borgonja CrnaCroatia, Croatian wine
Bracciola neraItaly, Liguria
Brachetto or BraquetItaly, Piedmont
BrancellaoSpain, Galician wine
BrugnolaItaly, Lombardy
Brun FourcaFrance, Palette AOC
Cabernet CubinGermany1970's
Cabernet FrancFrance, Loire Valley36,000 (France), 7,000 (Italy), 1,400 (USA), 210 (New Zealand), 1,000 (South Africa), 1,180 (Chile), 300 (Argentina)
Cabernet MitosGermany, Württemberg (wine region)317 (Germany 2006)1970
Cabernet SauvignonFrance, Bordeaux, Tuscany, Napa Valley, Sonoma County, Australia262,000 (2004)17th century
Cabernet SevernyRussia
Caddiu/Caddiu Nieddu/ Niedda/ Perda /SerraItaly, Sicily
Cagnulari see GracianoSpain, Rioja (wine)395
Caiño tintoSpain, Galician wine
CaladocFrance, Languedoc1958
CalitorFrance, Provence wine
CalletSpain, Mallorca
CaloriaItaly
Camaraou noirSouthwest France, Galicia
CanaioloItaly, Tuscan wine3,000 (2006)
Canari noirFrance
Canina neraItaly,Emilia-Romagna
Catanese neroItaly, Sicily
Carcajolo neroItaly, Sardinia
Carignan / Carignane / Cariñena / Carignano /MazueloSpain, Province of Zaragoza95,700 (EU 2006)
CarménèreFrance, Médoc8,800 (Chile 2009)
CarmineUSA1946
CarnelianUSA, California1972
Castelão / PeriquitaPortugal
CastetsFrance, Aveyronnearly extinct
Catanese neroItaly, Sicily80 (2000)
CenturianUSA, California1975
CesaneseItaly, Lazio1,000 (2006)
CésarFrance, Burgundy wine
CiennaAustraliaSumoll x Cabernet Sauvignon2000
CiliegioloItaly5,000 (2006)
Cinsaut / Cinsault/ OttavianelloFrance, Languedoc-Roussillon
Colombana neraItaly, Tuscany and Emilia-Romagna
ColorinoItaly, Tuscany
ComplexaPortugal1960s
Cornalin see Rouge du PaysSwitzerland, Valais116 (2009)
CornifestoPortugal
Corvina / CorvinoneItaly, Veneto wine
CounoiseFrance, Rhône wine638 (2006)
CroatinaItaly, Lombardia (wine)
DarkenušaCroatia, Hvar
DobričićCroatia, Šolta
DolcettoItaly, Piedmont
DominaGermany, Palatinate (wine region)1927
DornfelderGermany, Württemberg (wine region)8,231 (2006)1955
Douce noir/Charbono/Bonarda/TurcaFrance, Savoy wine, California, Argentina
Douce Noire griseFrance
DunkelfelderGermany372 (2006)1930s
DurasFrance, Tarn (river)
DurezaFrance, Ardèche
Durif / Petite SirahFrance, Montpellier300 (Australia),
EderenaFranceMerlot x Abouriou1952
Enfariné noirFrance, Jura
EspadeiroPortugal, Minho VR
ÉtraireFrance, Rhone, Savoy
FaranaAlgeria
FerFrance, South West France (wine region)
FerrónSpain, Galicia
Fetească neagrăRomania
Forcallat tintaSpain, Castile-La Mancha
FortanaItaly, Emilia-Romagna
FrappatoItaly, Sicily
FreisaItaly, Piedmont
Frühroter VeltlinerAustria, Weinviertel
FuminItaly, Valle d'Aosta DOC
GaglioppoItaly, Calabria
GamasharaAzerbaijan
Gamay / Gamay noirFrance, Loire valley
GamaretSwitzerland1970
GaranoirSwitzerland203 (2009)1970
Garnatxa / Grenache / Garnacha / Cannonau /Lladoner Pelut / Lledoner PelutSpain82,300 (Spain), 95,700 (France),
GiròItaly, Sardinia552
Gouget noirFrance
Graciano/ Moristel/ Juan Ibáñez / Miguel del ArcoSpain, Rioja395 (Spain)
Grand noir de la CalmetteFrance
Grisa neraItaly, Piedmont
Greco neroItaly3,200
GrignolinoItaly, Piedmont
GropelloItaly, Lombardia (wine)
Grolleau / GroslotFrance, Loire valley5,500
Gros VerdotFrance, Gironde
Gueuche noirFrance, Franche-Comté
HelfensteinerGermany201931
HeroldrebeGermany155 (2008)1929
Hondarribi BeltzaSpain, Basque
HronSlovakiaAbouriou x Castets (grape)5 (2011)1976
Humagne Rouge / Cornalin d'AosteItaly, Aosta128 (Switzerland 2009)
Joubertin / JaubertinFrance, Savoy wine
Juan GarciaSpain, Galicia (Spain)
Jurancon noirFrance, Southwest
KadarkaHungary
KakhetArmenia
Kalecik KarasiTurkey, Ankara Province
Kindzmarauli/ SaperaviGeorgia
KotsifaliGreek, Crete
KratosijaMacedonia
Lacrima di Morro / Lacrima neraItaly, Marche
LagreinItaly, South Tyrol
LambruscoItaly, Emilia-Romagna
LiatikoGreece, Crete
LimnioGreece, Lemnos
Listan negroSpain, Canary Islands
Madrasa/ MatrassaAzerbaijani wine
Magarach Bastardo/Bastardo MagarachUkraine
Magaratch Ruby / Magarach RubyUkraine1928
Magliocco Canino|/MaiolicaItaly, Calabrian wine1,500
Magliocco Dolce|/Marsigliana neraItaly, Calabria
MagyarfrankosHungary1953
Malbec / Auxerrois / CotFrance1,400 (France), 20,000 (Argentina), 7,000 (USA), 1,235 (Australia)
Malvasia di Schierano/Malvasia neraGreece
MammoloItaly, Tuscany
Mandelaria / Mandelari / AmorghianoGreece
MandolariGreece
Manseng noirFrance, Basque Country (greater region)
Manto negroSpain, Majorca
MaraSwitzerland2008
MaratheftikoCyprus125
MarselanFrance, Languedoc1961
MarsiglianaItaly, Calabrian wine
MarzeminoItaly, South Tyrol
Mauzac noirSouthwest France
MavroCyprus
Mavrodafni/ MavrodaphneGreece, Achaea
Mavrud / MavroudiBulgaria, Thrace
MayorquinFrance, Provence wine
MeghrabujrArmenia
MelnikBulgaria
Mencia/ JaenSpain, Galicia
MerenzaoSpain, Galicia, Valdeorras (DO)
MerilleFrance, South West France (wine region)
MerlotFrance260,000 (2004)
MilgranetFrance, South West France (wine region)
Millot /Léon MillotFrance, Alsace1911
MissionSpain400
MolinaraItaly, Veneto wine
MondeuseFrance, Savoy wine200 (2000)
MonicaSpain, Italy-Sardinia
MontepulcianoItaly, Abruzzo (wine)
Montù / MontuniItaly, Emilia (region of Italy)
MoretoPortugal, Alentejo wine
MoristelSpain, Aragon
Mornen noirFrance, Rhone
Morrastel BouschetFrance, Aude
Mourisco tintoPortugal
Mourvèdre / Monastrell / Mataro/ Rossola nera/GarrutSpain260 (France), 1000 (Australia)
MouyssaguèsFrance, Marcillacnearly extinct
MujuretuliGeorgia
MuscardinFrance, Southern Rhone
Muscat BouschetFrance
Muscat HamburgGermany
NebbioloItaly, Piedmont5,100 (Italy), 1,100 (USA), 81 (Argentina)
NegoskaGreece, Central Macedonia
NegraraItaly, Veneto wine
Négrette/ Pinot St. GeorgeFrance, South West France (wine region)
NegroamaroItaly, Puglia
Negru de DragasaniRomania, Romanian wine
NerkaratArmenia, Tavush Region
Nero Buono di CoriItaly
Nero d'AvolaItaly, Sicily
Nerello Mascalese/ Nerello CappuccioItaly, Sicily
Neretto di BairoItaly
NeyretItaly, Valle d'Aosta DOC
NielluccioFrance, Corsica1,500 (Corsica)
NincusaCroatia, Croatian wine
NoceraItaly, Calabrian wine
NotardomenicoItaly, Brindisi
Oeillade noireFrance, Languedoc and Provence
OjaleshiGeorgia, Georgian wine
ÖküzgözüTurkey, Elâzığ Province
OseletaItaly, Verona
PaisSpain
Pallagrello neroCampania, Italy
PamidBulgaria
Pascale di CagliariItaly, Sardinia
PelavergaItaly, Piedmont
PeloursinFrance, Rhône-Alpes
PerdalPortugal
Perricone/GuarnacciaItaly, Sicily1,000
PersanFrance, Savoy wine
Petit BouschetFrance, Spain, Portugal, North Africa1824
Petit RougeItaly, Valle d'Aosta DOC
Petit VerdotFrance, South West1,600 (Australia 2000), 137 (Chile 2009), 360 (USA 2000)
Piccola neraItaly, Trieste
PiedirossoItaly, Campania
PignerolFrance, Provence wine
Pignola ValtellineseItaly, Valtellina
PignoloItaly, Friuli-Venezia Giulia wine
Pineau d'AunisFrance, Loire Valley (wine)
Pinot Meunier / Schwarzriesling / MüllerebeFrance2,424 (Germany 2006)
Pinot noir / Spätburgunder / Blauburgunder / Pinot neroFrance
PinotageSouth Africa1925
Piquepoul noirFrance, Rhone Valley and Languedoc
PlassaItaly, Piedmont
Plavina / Brajda Mala / Brajdica / Bratkovina / Jurkovica / Marasovka /Modrulj / Plavac Plavina /Plavinac /Plavina Mala / Plavina Sitnah / Plavina Velka / Plavka / Plavka Mala / Velika PlavkaCroatia, Dalmatia
Pollera neraItaly, Liguria wine
PortanFrance, Languedoc-Roussillon wine
Poulsard/ PlousardFrance, Jura wine
Prieto PicudoSpain, Province of León
ProkupacSerbia
RabosoItaly, Veneto
RamiscoPortugal, Colares DOC
RebergerGermanyBlaufränkisch x Regent1986
Refosco / RefoškItaly, Friuli-Venezia Giulia wine
RimavaSlovakia
RoeslerAustriaZweigelt x (Seyve-Villard 18-402 x Blaufränkisch)1970
RondinellaItaly, Veneto
RosseseItaly, Liguria wine
RossignolaItaly, Veneto1818
Rossolino neroItaly, Valtellina, Lombardy wine
RotbergerGermany1928
Rouchet/ Ruché / RocheItaly, Piedmont
RubintosHungary1951
Ruby CabernetUSA, California1936
Rufete / Tinta Pinheira / Tinta Carvalha / RufetaPortugal, Douro DOC
SagrantinoItaly, Umbria
SangioveseItaly, Tuscany63,000 (Italy), 2,800 (Argentina), 1,700 (Romania), 1,600 (France), 1,400 (California), 440 (Australia)
San Giuseppe neroItaly, Lazio
SaperaviGeorgia
Schiava / TrollingerItaly, Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol wine2,300 (Germany)
SchioppettinoItaly, Friuli-Venezia Giulia wine
SchönburgerGermanyPinot noir x (Chasselas x Muscat Hamburg)1979
SciacarelloItaly
Sciascinoso / Olivella neraItaly, Campania440 (1999)
Segalin / SégalinFrance1957
ServaninFrance, Isère
Sgaretta/SgavettaItaly, Emilia-Romagna
Shiraz / SyrahFrance, South West142,600 (2004)
Shiroka Melnishka Losa / MelnikBulgaria
Sousão/Souzão/SousónPortugal, Minho Province
St. Laurent / SvatovavrineckeFrance1,730 (Czech Republic), 800 (Austria)
Saint-MacaireFrance, South-West
SumollSpain, Catalonia100
SusumaielloItaly, Puglia
TannatFrance, South West France (wine region)150 (California)
TarrangoAustraliaTouriga Nacional x Sultana1965
TazzelengheItaly, Friuli-Venezia Giulia wine
Tempranillo / Tinta Roriz / Ull de Llebre / Cencibel / Tinta del PaisSpain, Rioja (wine)
Termarina rossaItaly, Emilia-Romagna
Teroldego / Teroldego RotalianoItaly, Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol wine390 (Italy)
Terret noirFrance, Rhone valleyVitis vinifera x Terret189 (2007)
ThiniatikoGreece
TibourenFrance, Provence
Tinta AmarelaPortugal
Tinta BarrocaPortugal, Douro
Tinta CaiadaPortugal
Tinta CarvalhaPortugal, Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro Province
Tinta FranciscaPortugal, Douro DOC
Tinta MadeiraPortugal
Tinta MiudaPortugal, Oeste Subregion
Tinta Negra Mole / Preto MartinhoPortugal, Madeira
Tinto CãoPortugal, Douro
Touriga Franca / Touriga FrancesaPortugal, Dão DOCMourisco de Semente x Touriga Nacional7,440 (Portugal)
Touriga Nacional / Azal Espanhol / Preto de MortáguaPortugal, Douro2,760 (Portugal 1990)
TrepatSpain, Conca de Barberà (DO)1500
Trevisana neraItaly, Veneto
Trincadeira/ Castelão / TorneiroPortugal, Alentejo wine
UsakhelauriGeorgia, Racha-Lechkhumi and Kvemo Svaneti
Uva di Troia /Nero di Troia/ Sumarello/ Uva di Canosa/ Uva di Barletta/ Troiano/ Tranese / Uva della Marina.Italy, Apulia
UvalinoItaly, Piedmont
Uva RaraItaly, Piedmont and Lombardy608 (2000)
Uva ToscaItaly, Emilia-Romagna115 (2000)
Vaccarese / Vaccarèse/ Brun ArgentéFrance, Rhone
Valdiguié / Brocol / Napa Gamay / Gamay 15France, Languedoc-Roussillon1874
Valentino neroItaly, PiedmontChatus x Dolcetto
Vermentino neroItaly, Tuscany199 (2000)
VespolinaItaly, PiedmontNebbiolo x ?
Vien de NusItaly, Valle d'Aosta DOC
Volidza/VolitsaGreece, high altitudes in the Peloponnese regionancient
VranacMontenegro
VuillerminItaly, Aosta ValleyFumin x ?0.10 ha (2000)
Wildbacher/Blauer WildbacherAustria
Wrothham PinotFrance
XynomavroGreece, Imathia1800
ŽametovkaSlovenia
Zinfandel / Crljenak Kaštelanski / PrimitivoCroatia
Zweigelt / Zweigeltrebe / RotburgerAustriaSt. Laurent (grape) x Blaufränkisch6,512 (Austria 2008)1922

White grapes[edit]

Vitis vinifera (wine and table)[edit]

Red table grapes[edit]

White table grapes[edit]

Vitis labrusca (wine and table)[edit]

Many commercial varieties commonly called labrusca are actually complex interspecies hybrids.

Wine grapes[edit]

Red table grapes[edit]

Purple/Blue table grapes[edit]

  • Alden
  • Autumn Royal
  • Beauty Seedless
  • Bluebell
  • Buffalo
  • Concord
  • Coronation
  • Fantasy Seedless
  • Glenora
  • Jupiter
  • Marroo
  • Mars
  • Niabell
  • Ribier
  • Steuben
  • Van Buren

Varied/Other[edit]

  • Cassady (green)
  • Golden Muscat (green)
  • Himrod (white)
  • Interlaken (white)
  • Lakemont (white)
  • Marquis (white)
  • Neptune (white)
  • Seneca (green)

Vitis riparia (wine grape rootstock and hybridization source)[edit]

Vitis rotundifolia (table and wine)[edit]

  • Big Red (grape)
  • Black Beauty (grape)
  • Black Fry
  • Carlos (grape)
  • Cowart
  • Darlene (grape)
  • Dixie Red
  • Early Fry
  • Fry (grape)
  • Granny Val
  • Higgins (grape)
  • Hunt
  • Hunter (grape)
  • Ison's
  • Janebell (grape)
  • Janet (grape)
  • Jumbo (grape)
  • Late Fry
  • Magnolia (grape)
  • Muscadine
  • Nesbit (grape)
  • Noble
  • Pam (grape)
  • Pineapple (grape)
  • Scarlet (grape)
  • Scuppernong
  • Southland
  • Sugargate
  • Supreme (grape)
  • Summit (grape)
  • Sweet Jenny
  • Tara (grape)
  • Triumph (grape)

Vitis rupestris[edit]

Vitis aestivalis (wine)[edit]

Vitis mustangensis (wine)[edit]

Multispecies hybrid grapes[edit]

Vinifera hybrids (wine)[edit]

Hybrid grape varieties (see Hybrid grapes) or "hybrids" is, in fact, the popular term for a subset of what are properly known as hybrids, specifically crossings between one species of the genus vitis and another. The scientific definition of a hybrid grape is any crossing (intra- or inter-specific) of two grape varieties. In keeping with the popular definition, however, the ones listed below are inter-specific hybrids where one parent is a European grape. Most of these are complex mixtures of three or more species and all parents are not always clearly known.

Vinifera hybrids (table)[edit]

Non-vinifera hybrids (table and wine)[edit]

Non-vinifera hybrids (rootstock)[edit]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]