List of glaciers in the United States

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Exit Glacier, Alaska.

This is a list of glaciers existing in the United States, currently or in recent centuries. These glaciers are located in nine states, all in the Rocky Mountains or further west. The southernmost named glacier among them is the Lilliput Glacier in Tulare County, east of the Central Valley of California.

Glaciers of Alaska[edit]

The Homer Spit is believed to be the remains of a glacial moraine.

There are approximately 664 named glaciers in Alaska according to the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS).[1]

Gulkana glacier in the Alaska Range
Matanuska Glacier and peaks of the Chugach Mountains in autumn

Glaciers of the Pacific Coast Ranges[edit]

The Pacific Coast Ranges include glaciers in the three states on the Pacific Coast.

Washington[edit]

There are approximately 186 named glaciers in Washington according to the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS).[2] However, the 1980 eruption of Mount Saint Helens eliminated nine of its eleven named glaciers and only the new glacier known as Crater Glacier has been reestablished since.

Olympic Mountains
Mount Olympus
Other peaks in the Olympic Mountains
North Cascades (non-volcanoes)
Company Glacier
Mount Baker
Glacier Peak
Mount Rainier
Sarvent Glacier, Cowlitz Chimneys.
Goat Rocks
Mount Adams
Mount St. Helens

Mount St. Helens once had eleven named glaciers, but the 1980 eruption of the volcano eliminated nine glaciers and the two remaining aren't recognized. One newly formed glacier now resides in the caldera of the volcano.

Oregon[edit]

There are 35 named glaciers in Oregon according to the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS).[3]

Wallowa Mountains
Mount Hood[4]
Mount Jefferson
Three Sisters Region
Other Cascade Peaks

California[edit]

There are 20 named glaciers in California according to the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS).[5]

Mount Shasta

Mount Shasta is a volcano with seven named glaciers in the northern region of California.

Sierra Nevada

Glaciers of Nevada (in the Basin and Range Province)[edit]

Basin and Range Province lies east of the Coast Ranges and west of the Rockies. There are no active glaciers in the Basin and Range Province and Wheeler Peak Glacier is considered to be a rock glacier.

Glaciers of the Rocky Mountains[edit]

Colorado[edit]

Andrews Glacier in Colorado

According to the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS), there are sixteen named glaciers in Colorado.[6]

See also Glaciers of Colorado

Montana[edit]

Grinnell Glacier with proglacial lake and The Salamander Glacier on high ledge

According to the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS), there are 60 named glaciers in Montana.[7]

Wyoming[edit]

Gannett Glacier is the largest glacier in the American Rockies and is located in the remote Wind River Range, Wyoming.

According to the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS), there are 37 named glaciers in Wyoming..[8]

A hiker heads towards Schoolroom Glacier at right while the terminal moraine and proglacial lake can be seen at left

Utah[edit]

There are no visible glaciers in Utah. Timpanogos Glacier article is documentation of a buried glacier.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Alaska State Glaciers Feature Query Results". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2012-10-13. 
  2. ^ "Washington State Glaciers Feature Query Results". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2012-10-13. 
  3. ^ "Oregon State Glaciers Feature Query Results". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2012-10-13. 
  4. ^ "Glaciers at Mount Hood, Oregon". Volcano Hazards Program. United States Geological Survey. 2012-09-28. Retrieved 2012-10-14. 
  5. ^ "California State Glaciers Feature Query Results". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2012-10-13. 
  6. ^ "Colorado State Glaciers Feature Query Results". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2012-10-13. 
  7. ^ "Montana State Glaciers Feature Query Results". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2012-10-13. 
  8. ^ "Wyoming State Glaciers Feature Query Results". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2012-10-13.