This is a
list of historic . Urban fires are the most numerous due to loss of life and property, but also included are lists of disastrous fires fires in individual structures, ships and other transportation, and mines. A few of the most important wildfires or forest fires are included, but this list is not the primary resource for the most severe wildfires, which is summarized in the List of forest fires. This is an incomplete list that may never be able to satisfy particular standards for completeness. You can help by expanding it with reliably sourced entries.
Not in history has a modern imperial city been so completely destroyed. San Francisco is gone.
Town and city fires [edit ]
This is a list of some city conflagrations. Before the 20th century, fires were a major hazard to urban areas and the cause of massive amounts of damage to cities.
Antiquity through Middle Ages [edit ] 587 B.C.—The destruction of the Temple and city of Jerusalem 64— Great Fire of Rome 406—A great fire burns down much of Constantinople 532—The Nika riots result in the destruction of much of Constantinople by fire 847— Borgo, the area around Saint Peter's Basilica in Rome 1041—Fire destroys most of the old city of Bremen including the cathedral 1135—One of the two Great Medieval Fires of London. This blaze was so severe that it destroyed most of the city between St Paul's and St Clement Danes in Westminster 1157–First Fire of Lübeck destroys the city 1204— Constantinople burned three times during the Fourth Crusade 1212—One of the two Great Medieval Fires of London. Also known as the Great Fire of Suthwark, while trying to flee the city, up to 3,000 people died on London Bridge 1251–Second Fire of Lübeck triggers the use of stone as a fire-safe building material 1253—Great Fire of Utrecht, the Netherlands, lasts for 9 days and destroyed much of the city 1276–Third Fire of Lübeck results in comprehensive fire safety system. Last fire in the city before bombing of WW II 1327–Fire of Munich destroys 1/3 of the city, 30 deaths 1405–Fire of Berne destroys 600 houses, over 100 deaths 1421—First Great Fire of Amsterdam 1438—Great Fire of Gouda, almost the entire city was destroyed 1452—Second Great Fire of Amsterdam, three quarters of the city destroyed 1500–1899 [edit ] 1666— Great Fire of London, which originated in a baker's shop on Pudding Lane and destroyed much of London. 1675— Great Fire of Northampton, England. The blaze was caused by sparks from an open fire in St. Mary's Street near Northampton castle. In 6 hours it devastated the town centre, destroying about 600 buildings (three quarters of the town) including All Saints church. 11 people died and about 700 families were made homeless. (September 20) 1676— Jamestown, Virginia. Burned by Nathaniel Bacon and his followers during Bacon's Rebellion to prevent Governor Berkley from using it as a base. 1677–Fire of Rostock destroys 700 houses and accelerates city's economic decline at the end of the Hanseatic period 1678– Hardegsen, a fire during the Christmas fair causes a conflagration that destroys most of the town centre. No injuries as people were in church. 1689— Skopje, present-day capital of Macedonia, is burned 1692–Two thirds of Usingen razed. Replaced by a new Baroque town centre 1694— Great Fire of Warwick, England 1696— St. John's, Newfoundland and 35 other settlements burned by French forces under Pierre Le Moyne d'Iberville 1702— Uppsala, Sweden, large parts of the city devastated and the cathedral and Uppsala Castle severely damaged 1726— Reutlingen, Germany, Free Imperial City, 80% of all residential houses and almost all public buildings destroyed, and making 1,200 families homeless 1728— Copenhagen Fire of 1728, two-fifths of the city burned down during three days. 3,650 families became homeless 1734— Montreal, New France 1752 May 5–6—Fire destroys 18,000 houses in Moscow. 1754 – July 2— The Great Fire of Hindon swept through the village of Hindon, Wiltshire burning 144 houses and buildings to the ground. 1775— Great Fire of Tartu, nearly 200 buildings destroyed 1776— First Great Fire of New York City 1776—Around 2/3 of Varaždin, the capital of Croatia at the time, destroyed in a fire of officially unknown origins. 1788— Great New Orleans Fire (1788), Good Friday, March 21, 1788, 856 out of 1100 structures burned. 1788—Great Fire of Tenmei—Kyoto, Japan, 150 killed, 37,000 houses burned, on March 6. [3 ] 1794—Second Great New Orleans Fire (1794), December 8, 1794. 212 structures destroyed. 1795— Copenhagen fire of 1795 1805— Detroit 1811— 1811 Great fire of Podil in Kiev, Russia. Over 2,000 buildings, 12 churches and 3 abbeys destroyed; about 30 deaths 1812— Moscow, to deny shelter to Napoleon 1813— Buffalo, New York burned during the War of 1812 1813— Portsmouth, New Hampshire 1813— York, Upper Canada burned during the War of 1812 1814– Tirschenreuth. Town totally destroyed apart from the parish church and 3 neighbouring buildings. 1814— Burning of Washington during the War of 1812 1817— St. John's, Newfoundland 1820— Ponce, Puerto Rico Spanish settlement almost completely destroyed on February 27. [4 ] [5 ] [6 ] 1820—Great Savannah Fire burned almost 500 structures, with damages of about $4 million. [7 ] 1821— Paramaribo ( Suriname) over 400 houses destroyed 1821— Fayetteville the Great Fire destroys 500 buildings in the city 1827— Great Fire of Turku 1829—Fire destroys hundreds of buildings in Augusta, Georgia 1835— Second Great Fire of New York City 1838— Charleston, South Carolina, over 1,000 buildings damaged 1842— Hamburg fire, about a quarter of the inner city destroyed, 51 killed, and an estimated 20,000 homeless
Views of Pittsburgh the day after the 1845 Great Fire. Detail from William Coventry Wall print, "Great Conflagration at Pittsburgh".
1845— Great New York City Fire of 1845, 345 buildings destroyed 1845— Great Fire of Pittsburgh destroyed over 1000 buildings 1845— La Playa (de Ponce), the city port of Ponce, Puerto Rico fire, wiped out most of the Ponce vecinity. [5 ] [5 ] [6 ] [8 ] 1846— St. John's, Newfoundland 1847— Great Fire of Bucharest 1848—Fire in Medina, Ohio. Destroyed the entire business district 1849— St. Louis Fire, first US firefighter killed in the line of duty 1849— First Great Fire of Toronto 1850— Kraków, Poland, 10% of the city area 1852— Vaasa, Finland 1852— Great Fire of 1852, Montreal, 10,000 of the city's 57,000 residents left homeless. [9 ] 1854— Newcastle upon Tyne and Gateshead: a spectacular explosion leads to the great fire of Newcastle and Gateshead, killing 53 and leveling substantial property in both towns. 1858— Auckland, New Zealand: Large fire which destroyed 3 hotels, 20 shops, 17 houses, Police station, theatre, Post office and several other buildings in the central town. Auckland had a population, then, of 1500. 1862— Troy, New York, 671 buildings destroyed 1864— Great Fire of Brisbane in Brisbane, Queensland, Australia: Over four city blocks burned with over 50 houses razed and dozens of businesses; 0 deaths, 4 injured 1861–1865—The American Civil War involved several major city fires: 1866— Portland, Maine, Independence Day Fire, commercial district destroyed; 10,000 homeless 1868– Auerbach in der Oberpfalz, Bavaria. Arson destroys 107 houses and 146 other buildings; 4 deaths. 1870—Fire in Medina, Ohio, started in a wooden building with a barber shop and consumed all but two blocks of the business district, nearly wiping out the entire town. 1871— Great Chicago Fire, destroyed the downtown on October 8' 1871— Peshtigo, Wisconsin, several towns destroyed in a firestorm, 1500–2500 dead, same day as Chicago Fire 1871— Port Huron Fire of 1871 killed over 200 people in Port Huron, Michigan on October 8. 1872— Great Boston Fire of 1872, destroyed 776 buildings and killed at least 20 people. 1875– Great Whiskey Fire, Dublin, 18 June, killed 13 people, and destroyed a malt house, a bonded warehouse, houses and a tannery in Mill Street and Chamber Street. 1877— Saint John, New Brunswick Fire destroyed 1600 buildings 1878—The Great Fire of Hong Kong, destroyed 350 to 400 buildings across more than 10 acres (40,000 m [10 ] 2) of central Hong Kong. 1879—Hakodate fire, Hakodate, Hokkaidō, Japan, 67 fatalities, 20,000 homeless. [11 ] 1886— Great Vancouver Fire, Vancouver, British Columbia 1889— Great Seattle Fire 1889— Great Bakersfield Fire of 1889—destroyed 196 buildings and killed 1 person. 1889—The First Great Lynn Conflagration—destroyed about 100 buildings, costing over $160 million in damage in today's dollars. [12 ] 1892— St. John's, Newfoundland 1894— Great Hinckley Fire of Minnesota; over 400 killed 1894—Great Fire in Shanghai; over 1,000 buildings are destroyed 1897—The Great Awesome Fire, Windsor, Nova Scotia Canada, destroyed 80% of the town 1898—Great Fire of New Westminster, British Columbia 1899— El Polvorin Fire in Ponce, Puerto Rico, occurred on January 25th. The fire started at the U.S. Munitions Depot on the lot currently occupied by the Ponce High School building and grounds. The heroes in that fire, believed to have saved the city from certain annihilation, are remembered to this day with monuments on their tombs as well as a monument in the main city square Plaza Las Delicias. [6 ] [13 ] 1900s [edit ] 1900— Sandon, British Columbia, Canada, destroyed by fire 1901— Great Fire of 1901, Jacksonville, Florida 1903— Iroquois Theater Fire, Chicago, Illinois. Fourth worst loss of life in U.S. history. 1904— Great Baltimore Fire 1904— General Slocum 1904— Second Great Fire of Toronto 1904— Ålesund Fire, 850 buildings destroyed 1906— San Francisco earthquake and fire 1906—Syzran Fire destroyed by fire, then rebuilt. 5500 buildings destroyed, 33 000 homeless in Syzran. 1908—First Great Chelsea Fire on April 12. Nearly half the city of Chelsea, Massachusetts was destroyed. 1909— Phoenix, British Columbia destroyed by fire, then rebuilt 1911— Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire, March 25, New York City, 146 deaths. Fourth largest industrial disaster in U.S. history. 1911—Oscoda/AuSable, Michigan 1912— Houston, Texas, 56 city blocks; Houston's largest fire 1912— Maryland Agricultural College, now the University of Maryland. 1914— Great Salem Fire of 1914, Massachusetts 1916– Bergen, Norway. About 300 buildings razed. 1916— Matheson Fire, Matheson, Ontario 1917—The Halifax Explosion, largest man-made explosion before the atomic bomb 1917— Great Atlanta fire of 1917, during which over 300 acres (1.2 km²) (73 blocks) destroyed 1917— Great Thessaloniki Fire of 1917, Thessaloniki, Greece. Ca. 9,500 buildings destroyed. 1917— Gyöngyös, Hungary fire in which a number of buildings were destroyed leaving around 8,000 homeless 1921— Tulsa Race Riot, 35 city blocks; 1,256 residences were destroyed by arson 1922—The Great Fire of Smyrna, Izmir, Turkey 1922—Most of downtown Astoria, Oregon burns 1922—The Great Fire of 1922 in the Timiskaming District, Ontario, Canada, killed 43 people and burnt down 18 townships. 1923— 1923 Tokyo fire following the Great Kantō earthquake. About half the city was razed and over 100,000 died. [14 ] 1923— 1923 Berkeley Fire destroyed at least 640 structures 1925–1925 Decatur St. Fire Atlanta, GA 6 Firefighters killed 8 other seriously injured [15 ] 1928— Great Fall River fire of 1928, Massachusetts 1931—Fire engulfed much of the twin cities of Napier and Hastings, New Zealand following an earthquake. 1931—Half of downtown Lillooet, British Columbia, Canada, is destroyed by fire 1938— 1938 Changsha Fire, 56,000 buildings burned by the Chinese army during the Second Sino-Japanese War to prevent the Japanese from getting resources from the city, 3,000 civilians killed on November 13. 1939—Great Lagunillas Fire at Ciudad Ojeda, Venezuela on November 14. 1941—The great fire of Santander, Spain. Destroyed the greater part of the medieval town centre. 1940–1945— Air raids during World War II resulted in many major city fires: 1940—Bombing of Rotterdam, 14 May 1940, forcing the capitulation of the Dutch government. 800 killed, 24.000 houses destroyed, 80.000 homeless 1940— The Second Great Fire of London, one of the most destructive air raids of The Blitz. 1,500 killed. 1942—German air bombardment of Stalingrad, Soviet Union, resulting in firestorm; 955 fatalities (original Soviet estimate) 1943— Hamburg, 45,000 killed (largest in an air-raid on Germany) 1943— Kassel, 10,000 killed 1944— Braunschweig, 2,600 killed but 30,000 rescued 1944— Darmstadt, 12,000 killed 1944— Heilbronn, 6,500 killed 1945— Dresden, around 30,000 killed in firestorm during one of the most controversial Allied air-raids 1945— Pforzheim, a quarter of the town's population (17,000) killed 1945— Tokyo, causing the largest urban conflagration in history. Over 100,000 killed. 1945— Würzburg, 5,000 killed 1945— Kobe, 8,800 killed 1945— Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, two large city fires, one in Hiroshima and one in Nagasaki 1946— Bandung, a city in West Java, Indonesia, March 24, 1946, the city was burned by Indonesians to prevent the Dutch from retaking over the city, an event called "Bandung sea of flame". 1947— Texas City Disaster, two ships explode, igniting chemical works, 460–600 killed 1948— Fukui earthquake with fire, 46,000 buildings and houses lost on June 28 1949—A fire burning for 18 hours in Chongqing's waterfront and banking district, on September 2, killed 2865 people and left more than 100,000 homeless. 7000 buildings were destroyed. [16 ] [17 ] 1953— Shek Kip Mei fire, fire in a squatter area in Hong Kong, 58,000 homeless [18 ] 1955— The Freeman Pier Fire in Seaside Heights & Seaside Park, New Jersey, USA. At least 30 businesses lost, 50 residents evacuated, no major injuries [19 ] [20 ] [21 ] 1961— Bukit Ho Swee Fire, flames erupt in a squatter settlement in Singapore, making 16,000 homeless 1961— Brentwood-Bel Air fire in Los Angeles, burned 6,090 acres (24.6 km 2) and destroyed 484 homes near UCLA in Los Angeles [22 ] 1964—The Bellflower Street Conflagration destroyed 19 apartment buildings and damaged 11 in square-block conflagration in Boston 1966—William Booth Memorial Home on 13 August. Australia's deadliest building fire in which 30 men were incinerated [23 ] 1973—Second Great Chelsea Fire on October 14. 18 city blocks destroyed: several businesses (mostly rag shops) and homes of one, two, and three story wood frame and metal clad construction. 1974— Chelsea, Massachusetts on May 24. A fire at the American Barrel Company spread to several other businesses in a two block area. 1981—Arson fire in Lynn, Massachusetts levels downtown factory area under redevelopment; no conviction; $80 million damage estimate [24 ] 1983— North Division Street explosion in Buffalo, New York kills 5 firefighters and 2 others and destroys millions in property. 1984—Oil spill set fire to the shantytown of Vila Socó, Cubatão, São Paulo, Brazil; official death toll is 93 people although speculation is more than 200 , on February 25 1985— Isabela Island forest fire, Galápagos Island, Ecuador, 62,500 acres (253 km 2) lost on March. 1985—Osage Ave./ MOVE Incident, Philadelphia, 65 houses destroyed. 1985—Annanar forest fire, Portugal, 1,500 km² destroyed, killing 14. 1986—Chu Ku Tsai village fire, Hong Kong, 2,000 homeless on Lunar New Year holiday. [18 ] 1986— Aberdeen Typhoon Shelter fire, Aberdeen, Hong Kong, 150 vessels destroyed, 1,700 homeless and 2 injured on December 25 [18 ] 1988—Great Lashio Fire, Lashio, Myanmar, killed 134, 2000 buildings destroyed. 1988—A fire in Lisbon, Portugal destroyed 7 blocks of houses (7,500 m²) on August 25 1991— Kuwaiti oil fires following the Persian Gulf War 1991— Oakland Hills firestorm kills 25 and destroys 3469 homes and apartments 1993—A Tsunami hit with fire at Okushiri Island, Japan by 1993 quake, 645 houses lost, 202 killed on July. 1995— Great Hanshin Earthquake with fire, Kobe, Japan 1996— 1996 Pat Sin Leng wildfire, Pat Sin Leng, Tai Po, Hong Kong; 5 (3 pupils and 2 teachers) killed on February 10 [18 ] 2001–present [edit ] 2002— Lagos armoury explosion causes fire which destroys half of Lagos and killed 1,100 people 2002— Edinburgh Cowgate fire 2002— Rodeo-Chediski fire 2003— Canberra bushfires fire that killed 4 and destroyed over 500 homes 2006— Day Fire, Los Angeles and Ventura counties in California. 2007— 2007 Greek forest fires large fire in Greece 2008— Camden Market Fire, which caused severe damage to one of North London's most famous shopping districts. 2009— February Black Saturday Bushfires – Victoria, Australia, 173 deaths, refer to separate page 2009— Kenyan oil spill ignition kills at least 111. 2010— 2010 Dhaka fire kills 117 people in the Nimtali area of Old Dhaka, Bangladesh. 2011—Devastating fire in Manila, Philippines leaves about 8,000 people homeless and 9 injured in a [25 ] Makati City squatter community. 2012— Hurricane Sandy: A six-alarm fire caused by hurricane damage destroyed 121 homes in Breezy Point, Queens, New York. 2013— Yarnell Hill Fire: Over 13 square miles, destroyed over 100 homes, and 19 members of the Granite Mountain Hotshots were killed in action. [26 ] [27 ] 2013— Lac-Mégantic derailment: Over 30 buildings in the town centre were destroyed in a train derailment, explosion and fire which caused 46 confirmed deaths. [28 ] The fire was the deadliest in Canada's history since 1864. [29 ] [30 ] 2013— Boardwalk fire in Seaside Heights & Seaside Park, New Jersey, U.S.A. At least 19 buildings destroyed, 30 businesses lost, no major injuries [31 ] 2014— Valparaíso wildfire in Chile – wildfire destroying several areas of Valparaíso, Chile killing at least 13 people. 2014– Lahore supermarket fire in Pakistan – in Anarkali Bazaar, Lahore. The fire killed at least 13 people. [32 ] Building or structure fires [edit ] Antiquity through Middle Ages [edit ] 1500–1799 [edit ] 1561—Fire of Valladolid (21 September) destroys a tenth of the city, including 440 houses. 1568—The Great Fire of Ferrol which reduced to rubble the old medieval town 1577—Fire in the Doge's Palace, Venice, destroyed major works by Bellini, Titian and Tintoretto 1608—First settlement in Jamestown burns 1613— Globe Theatre in London. During performance, cannon misfire caught the thatched roof on fire and the Theatre burned down. [33 ] 1652—Town hall of Amsterdam burnt down. Treasures and important historical charters were destroyed. 1671—Much of the monastery of the Escorial outside Madrid burned in a fire lasting 15 days, destroying large numbers of artworks, books and manuscripts. 1697—The medieval "Tre Kronor" Royal Castle in Stockholm burned down and was eventually replaced by the present palace. 1698—The Tudor and Stuart Palace of Whitehall, London burned, except for Inigo Jones's Banqueting House. The ruins were demolished. 1727— Fire during puppet show in barn at Burwell, Cambridgeshire, England, killed 78 (including 51 children) 1731—Coudenbourg Royal Palace ( ), fr Brussels, destroyed and never rebuilt. 1734—The Royal Palace of the Alcazar, Madrid, burned on Christmas Eve. Eventually replaced by the present royal palace. c.1750–1755—Wii Lax K'abit and Lax Ksiluux, two villages of the Nisga'a people on the Tseax River were destroyed by volcanic eruption 1772— Hôtel-Dieu de Paris fire in Paris, France 1794— Christiansborg Palace, Copenhagen 1800s [edit ] 1834— Palace of Westminster, home to Parliament of the United Kingdom 1836— First U.S. Patent Office fire in Blodget's Hotel 1837—The Winter Palace, St. Petersburg, Russia destroyed except for The Hermitage 1841— Mayagüez, Puerto Rico January 30 1842— Hamburg Great Fire 1844—Separate fires at St. Michael's & St. Augustine's Roman Catholic Churches during the Philadelphia Nativist Riot, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 1845—Theatre fire in Canton, China killed 1670 1863— Church of the Company Fire in Santiago, Chile; killed over 2500 1864— Boijmans Museum, Rotterdam, destroyed 198 Dutch old master paintings 1856 – March 5—Second Royal Opera House fire in London, England 1871—Fires deliberately set during the Paris Commune in May destroyed the Royal Palace of the Tuileries, the Louvre Library, the Palais de Justice, the Hôtel de Ville, the Gare de Lyon, and the Palais d'Orsay. 1871—Fires occur throughout the Great Lakes region of the United States, including the Great Chicago Fire, the Peshtigo Fire, and the Great Michigan Fire 1875— Precious Blood Church in Holyoke Massachusetts burned and killed 78 people 1876— Brooklyn Theater Fire, killed 273 – 300 in Brooklyn, New York 1877—Great Fire of Saint John, New Brunswick 1877— Second U.S. Patent Office fire in Washington, D.C. 1877— Saint-Stephen Cathedral, Metz 1878—The Eldkvarn flour mill in Stockholm. 1878—The Washburn "A" Mill flour mill explosion and fire in Minneapolis, Minnesota 1881—Ring Theater Fire, killed 850 in Vienna 1884—Christiansborg Palace, Copenhagen 1886— Great Vancouver Fire 1887—Paris Opéra Fire on May 25 killed 200 1887— Theatre Royal, Exeter Fire, England on September 5 killed 186 1895— The Rotunda, University of Virginia, in Charlottesville, Virginia 1897—Fire at the Bazar de la Charité, Paris on May 4 killed 126, mostly women 1897—Fire in Dawson City occurred on November 25, 1897 1899—Windsor Hotel East 47th Street/5th Avenue Manhattan, New York—at least 33 and 45 people killed (estimates vary) 1900–1950 [edit ] 1900— Hoboken Docks Fire, New Jersey, on June 30 killed 326 1903— Colney Hatch Lunatic Asylum fire, London, killed 51 on January 27 1903— Iroquois Theater Fire, Chicago, at least 600 died 1904—January fire in the Turin National University Library, Italy, resulted in serious damage to the Manuscripts Department 1905—Watson Street Lodging House fire in Glasgow killed 39 on 19 November [34 ] 1906—Much of the commercial area of Arrowhead, British Columbia, Canada, was destroyed by fire. [35 ] 1906— The most destructive fire in the history of Dundee, Scotland, destroyed the area around a bonded warehouse of whisky, causing £450,000 worth of damage. [36 ] 1907—Hakodate, Hokkaido, Japan, a fire that broke out in the evening of August 25th burned for six hours, destroying an estimated 60–70% of the city, leaving 60,000+ homeless and causing at least 8,000,000 yen in property damages including destroying many of the city's historical buildings [37 ] [38 ] [39 ] [40 ] [41 ] [42 ] 1908— Rhoads Theater Fire, Boyertown, Pennsylvania, killed 170 [43 ] 1908— Parker Building, New York City, January 10 1908— Collinwood School Fire, in Collinwood, Ohio (soon absorbed by Cleveland) killed 175 on March 4 1909—Flores Theater fire, Acapulco, Guerrero, Mexico, on February 15, killed 250 1910—Friedlander Leather Remnants factory fire, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. 13 firemen and 1 policeman lost their lives in two separate collapses, December 21–22 1910— Ököritófülpös, Hungary, fire in a barn during a dancing party killed 312 people 1911— Triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire, New York City 1912— Equitable Life Assurance Building, New York City, January 9 [44 ] 1912— University of Maryland, College Park, majority of campus buildings destroyed on November 29 [45 ] 1913— Binghamton Factory Fire, New York 1915— St. Johns School Fire, Peabody, Massachusetts, October 28 1916— Great Fire of East Nashville, Tennessee, destroyed over 500 houses and left over 2,500 people homeless, on March 22 1916— Centre Block of the Parliament Buildings in Ottawa, the capital of Canada 1917— Barnaul, Russia, conflagration with 34 victims and 60 quarters destroyed 1918—Norman State Hospital Fire, Norman, Oklahoma 1918— Happy Valley Racecourse fire, Happy Valley, Hong Kong, over 600 killed on February 26 1919— Mayagüez Theater Fire, San Juan, Puerto Rico [43 ] 1920— The Burning of Cork, Ireland, a fire set by the British Auxiliaries in revenge after an ambush by the IRA destroyed much of the old city centre of Cork 1922—Public Records Office fire during civil unrest at the Four Courts complex, Dublin, Ireland, destroyed much of seven centuries of official Irish public records 1923—Cleveland School Fire, Camden, South Carolina, killed 77 on May 16 1924— Babbs Switch Schoolhouse Fire, Oklahoma, killed 36 on December 24 1925— Madame Tussauds wax museum in London 1926— Dromcolliher cinema fire in County Limerick, Ireland, killed 48 on September 5 1927— Laurier Palace Theatre Fire, Montreal, killed 77 children on January 9 1928— Teatro de Novedades theater fire killed 68 or maybe 110, in Madrid, Spain, on 22 September 1929— Gillingham Fair fire disaster, Kent, England, killed 15 when firefighting demonstration went wrong on July 11 1929— Glen Cinema disaster, Paisley, Scotland, killed 71 on December 31 1929— Cleveland Clinic fire of 1929, Cleveland, Ohio, killed 123 1929—Fire at the Study Club nightclub in Detroit, Michigan, killed 22 1930—Jinhae Primary School fire, Jinhae, Gyeongsangnamdo, South Korea, killed 104 on March 10 1930— Ohio Penitentiary fire, Columbus, Ohio, killed 322 1931— Glaspalast, Munich, fire on July 6 1931—Fire at the Little Sisters of the Poor's Home for the Aged in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, killed 42 and injured more than 200 [46 ] [47 ] [48 ] 1933— Reichstag fire in Berlin, caused by arson 1934—Hotel Kerns Fire in Lansing, Michigan 1934—The Great Hakodate fire kills at least 2,166 people in southern Hokkaido, Japan 1935—Berlin Fair Fire also damaged the Berlin Radio Tower 1937—South Tomita Primary School fire, Shirahama, Wakayama, Japan, killed 81 on 20 December 1937—Antoung Movie Theater fire, China, killed 658 on February 13 [43 ] 1938—Terminal Hotel Fire in Atlanta, Georgia 1938—Nouvelles Galeries department store fire, Marseille, France, killed 73 on October 28 1940— Rhythm Night Club Fire, Natchez, Mississippi, killed 209 on April 23 1941—Booth's clothing factory fire in Huddersfield, England, killed 49 on October 31 [49 ] 1942— Knights of Columbus Hostel fire in St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador, kills 99 1942— Cocoanut Grove fire in Boston, Massachusetts, kills 492 1942— Seacliff Lunatic Asylum, Seacliff, New Zealand, killed 37 female patients on 8 December 1943— Cavan Orphanage Fire, Ireland, kills 36 on 23 February 1943— Biblioteca Nacional in Lima, Peru. In May, a fire completely destroyed the National Library, with the loss of 100,000 volumes as well as 40,000 manuscripts. 1943— Gulf Hotel fire in Houston, Texas, kills 55 1943—Hoteiza Theater Fire in Kucchan, Hokkaidō, Japan, killed 205 on March 6 1944— Hartford Circus Fire in Hartford, Connecticut, killed 168 on July 6 1945—The Empire State Building in New York City is set on fire by a B-25 Mitchell bomber that crashed into the building, killing 14 on July 28 1946—LaSalle Hotel Fire in Chicago kills 61 1946— Winecoff Hotel fire in Atlanta, Georgia, killed 119 on December 7 1947— Karlslust dance hall fire in Berlin, killed 80–88 on February 8 1947—Le Select Cinema fire in Rueil-Malmaison, France, killed 87 on August 30 1947— Ballantyne's department store fire, Christchurch, New Zealand, killed 41 on 18 November 1948— Wing On godown fire, Hong Kong, 176 killed and 69 injured [50 ] [51 ] [52 ] 1949— St. Anthony's Hospital Fire in Effingham, Illinois, killed 70 on April 5 1950—Mercy Hospital fire, Davenport, Iowa, killed 41 on January 7 1950— Kinkaku-ji Fire by arsonist in Kyoto, Japan, on July 2 1951–1975 [edit ] 1951—al-Duniya Theater fire in Kano, present day of Nigeria on May 13, killing 100. 1953—Littlefield Nursing Home Fire in Largo, Florida 1954—Larkin Warehouse Fire in Buffalo, New York. Only fire in Buffalo to go to a General Alarm (Entire department responds) 1954—Charles Berg Laboratories, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Storage tank explosion and ensuing release of toxic fumes kills 10 fireman. October 28. 1955—Elderly home for Catholic church fire in Yokohama, Japan killed 100 on February 16 1955—Cinema fire in Wielopole Skrzyńskie, Poland killed 58 and wounded 20 on May 11 1956— McKee refinery fire killed 19 firefighters 1957— Warrenton Nursing Home Fire in Warrenton, Missouri 1957— Browns Lane plant fire, Coventry on 12 February [53 ] [54 ] 1958— Our Lady of the Angels School Fire, Chicago ultimately killed 95 (91 on December 1 alone) and injured another 107, 77 seriously 1958—Almacen Vida Department Store Fire and kills eighty-three and injuring 200 in Bogotá, Colombia on December 16. 1959—Stalheim Hotel fire, Norway, killed 34 on June 23 1960—Kukje Rubber Manufacturing plant 2 fire at Busan, South Korea, killing 68, injured 44, on March 2 1960— Cheapside Street Whisky Bond Fire, Glasgow, Scotland, killed 19 firefighters on March 28 1960—Guatemala Mental Hospital Fire, killed 225 on July 14 1960—Syrian Movie Theater Fire in Amuda ( Syria), killed 152 schoolchildren on November 13 1961—Top Storey nightclub fire in Bolton, England killed 19 on 1 May 1961— School fire (Elbarusovo ( )), ru Soviet Union, November 5, 109 killed 1961— Niterói circus fire in Niterói ( Brazil) killed 323 on December 17 1963—Fretz Building, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, twelve-alarm fire was largest in city history. 50 homes and multiple businesses destroyed along with original fire building on January 1. 1963— Le Monde Theater fire at Diourbel, Kaolack, Senegal on May 4, killing 64 1963—Fairgrounds Coliseum explosion in Indianapolis, Indiana killed 74 on October 31 1963—Surfside Hotel Fire in Atlantic City, New Jersey on November 18, killing 25 1963— Golden Age Nursing Home Fire in Fitchville, Ohio killed 63 on November 23 1963— Hotel Roosevelt fire in Jacksonville, Florida on December 29, killing 22 1967—Dale's Penthouse restaurant fire in Montgomery, Alabama on February 7, killing 25 1967— , in L'Innovation Department Store Fire Brussels killed 322 on May 22 1967—Florida State Prison Fire, in Jay, Florida killed 37 on July 16 1967—Store fire "Regalux" in Formosa, Argentina killing 20 and injuring 70 on December 24 1968—Shelton Hospital fire, Shrewsbury, killing 21 and injures 14 on 26 February. [55 ] 1968—Ikenobo Mangetsujyo Hotel fire at Arima Spa, Kobe, Hyogo, Japan, killing 30 and injuring 44 on November 2 1968—Stern's upholstery factory fire in Glasgow, Scotland, killed 24 on November 18 1969—Bandai Atami International Sightseeing Hotel fire, in Koriyama, Japan, kills 31 on February 5. 1969—Rose and Crown Hotal fire in Saffron Walden, England, killed 11 on 27 December. [56 ] 1970— Britannia Bridge fire in Menai Strait in Wales on May 23 1970—Fenglei ship fire in Shanghai, China, August 31, killed 15 and severely injured 60. 1970— Club Cinq-Sept fire in Saint-Laurent-du-Pont, France, killed 146 on November 1 1970—Pioneer Hotel fire, Tucson, Arizona, killed 29 on December 20 1971—Czechowice-Dziedzice Refinery fire, Czechowice-Dziedzice, Poland 26–27 June, 37 killed, 105 injured 1971— Hotel 't Silveren Seepaerd fire, Eindhoven, Netherlands 28 September, 9 killed, 16 severely injured 1971—Under construction Jumbo Kingdom industrial fire in Aberdeen Harbour, Hong Kong, killing up to 34 workers on October 30. [18 ] [57 ] [58 ] 1971—Taeyunkak Hotel Fire in Seoul, South Korea on December 25 1972— Andraus Building Fire kills 16 in São Paulo on February 24. 1972— Sennichi Department Store Building fire in Osaka, Japan, killed 118 on May 13 [59 ] 1972— Hotel Vendome fire in Boston, 9 firefighters killed on June 17 1972—Coldharbour Hospital fire in Sherborne, England, killed 30 on July 5 1972— Blue Bird Café fire in Montreal, firebombed, resulting in 37 deaths on September 2 1972—Robinson Department Store fire, killing twelve and 114-years old landmark building in Singapore on November 21. 1973—The nightclub Whiskey Au Go Go in Brisbane, Queensland firebombed, resulting in 15 deaths on March 18 1973—National Archives Fire in St. Louis, Missouri 1973— UpStairs Lounge in the UpStairs Lounge, a gay bar, in New Orleans, Louisiana killed 32 on June 24 1973— Summerland disaster in Douglas, Isle of Man killed 51 on August 2 1973—Hotel Hafnia fire, Copenhagen, Denmark, 35 killed on September 1 1973— 1973 Taiyo Department Store fire in Kumamoto, Kyūshū, Japan, killed 104 on November 29 1974— Joelma Fire kills 188 in São Paulo on February 1. 1974— Gulliver's nightclub fire kills 24 in Port Chester, New York on June 30 as a result of arson at an adjacent business to cover up a minor burglary. 1974—Pui Lai Win Hotel with night club and other facilities fire, Seoul, South Korea, 89 killed on November 3 1974— Worsley Hotel fire, Maida Vale, London, case of arson, resulting in attendance of over 25 appliances and killed 7 people on 12 December. 1975—Marikina factory fire in Marikina, Philippines, killed 42 and injured 79 on 22 January. [60 ] 1975—The North Tower of the World Trade Center fire, New York City, New York The North Tower caught fire on the 11th floor, February 13. 1975— Philadelphia Refinery Fire, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Eight firemen lost their lives in the inferno. August 17. 1976–2000 [edit ] 1976—Four alarm Barson's Overbrook restaurant fire in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Four firemen perish when floor collapses, sending them into the flaming basement. May 16. 1976—Retirement Home Fire, Goulds, Newfoundland and Labrador. 22 people killed on December 26. 1977— Rossiya Hotel fire in Moscow, Russia, 42–45 killed and 50 injured on February 25 1977— Hotel Polen fire in Amsterdam, Netherlands, kills 33 on 9 May 1977 1977— Beverly Hills Supper Club fire kills 165 and injures more than 200 in Southgate, Kentucky; third deadliest nightclub fire in U.S. history 1977—Xinyang cinema fire in Xinjiang, China, killed 694 people [43 ] [61 ] [62 ] 1977—A fire in the Aquinas Hall dormitory at Providence College in Rhode Island kills 10 students on December 13. 1978— The Cinema Rex Fire (arson) kills 438 in Abadan, Khuzestan, Iran [43 ] 1978—A prison fire in Buenos Aires, Argentina, killed 61 and injured 85. 1978—The Younkers Department store at the Merle Hay Mall in Des Moines, Iowa, killed 10 store employees. The store is closed and rebuilt a year after the fire. 1978—Waldbaums Supermarket fire, Brooklyn, New York. Six New York City firefighters died in the line of duty on August 2 when the roof of a burning Brooklyn supermarket collapsed, plunging 12 firefighters into the flames. 1979—Old People's Nurse Home fire at Virrat, Pirkanmaa, Finland, at least 26 dead, January 23 1979— Hotel Corona de Aragón fire Fire in Zaragoza, Aragon, Spain, killed at least 80 1979—Lakshimki Talkies cinema fire, in Tuticorin, Tamil Nadu, India, killed 73 on July 29 1979—Hotel Am Augarten fire in Vienna, Austria, killed 25 1979—Fire destroys the Woolworths department store in central Manchester, England, killing 11 1979—Bar fire in Rosario, Argentina, 15 killed and 11 injured on December 5 1980—Opémiska Community Hall fire, Chapais, Quebec, Canada, killed 48 on January 1 1980—A fire in the Eventide Home for the Aged in Kingston, Jamaica killed 157 on May 20 [63 ] 1980—A fire on the third floor of the Extendicare Ltd. nursing home in Mississauga, Ontario, killed 21 residents on July 14. [64 ] 1980— Nightclub fire by arson killed 37 in Soho, London, on 16 August [65 ] 1980—Górna Grupa mental hospital fire, in Górna Grupa, Poland, during the night of 31 October – 1 November, 55 patients killed and 26 wounded 1980— MGM Grand Hotel and Casino in Las Vegas, Nevada, killed 87 1980— Prince Hotel of Kawaji Fire in Kinugawa, Japan, killed 45 1980—Stouffer's Inn of Westchester in Harrison, NY, 26 killed on December 4 1981—Nilkanth Mahaden temple fire, Asarwa, Gujarat, India, 49 killed on December 6 1981—Keansburg Boarding Home fire in Keansburg, New Jersey, killed 30 1981— New Cross Fire, London, killed 13 on January 18 1981— Stardust Disaster, discothèque fire in Dublin killed 48 1981— 1981 Bangalore circus fire in Bangalore, India, killed 66 1982—Hotel New Japan fire in downtown Tokyo, Japan, kills 33 on 8 February 1982—The Notre Dame de Lourdes Church fire in Fall River, Massachusetts destroys historic church and much of two adjacent city blocks on May 11 1982—Dorothy Mae Apartments arson fire in Los Angeles kills 25 people, highest structure fire death toll in city history. [66 ] 1982— Minneapolis Thanksgiving Day Fire destroys the Northwestern National Bank building and former Donaldson's flagship store 1982—Connecticut Street Armory Fire in Buffalo, New York, severely damaged historic armory 1983—Kensington Theater Explosion in Buffalo, New York, 5 alarm explosion and fire destroys historic Kensington Theater 1983— Cinema Statuto fire in Turin, Italy, killed 64 1983— Alcalá 20 nightclub fire in Madrid, Spain, killed 83 1984— Haunted Castle attraction at Six Flags Great Adventure amusement park in Jackson Township, New Jersey. Eight teenagers lost their lives in a fast-moving fire. Their corpses were mistaken for mannequins by emergency personnel. None of them or the Six Flags administrators realized these fatalities until later. 1984— Union Oil refinery in Romeoville, IL had two explosions and a fire on July 23, 1984 killing at least 14 and injuring 23 people. [67 ] 1985— Valley Parade Ground Stadium fire in Bradford, England, 56 die 1985— Saavedra Psychiatric Hospital fire in Buenos Aires, Argentina, killed 79 and injured 247 1986— Fire and chemical spill at Sandoz in the Schweizerhalle industrial area near Basel, Switzerland, caused heavy pollution problems in the river Rhine in November 1986 1986— Dupont Plaza Hotel fire, set by disgruntled employees, kills 97 in San Juan, Puerto Rico 1987—The Kerr Mill fire destroys three mills in Fall River, Massachusetts on January 12 1987—A fuel tanker truck ran into an ice cream parlour and exploded in Herborn, Germany; 12 houses set on fire and 6 killed on July 7 1988— Chung King Mansions fire, Tsim Sha Tsui, Hong Kong, 1 killed and 9 injured on February 21 [51 ] [68 ] [69 ] 1988—A fire at the Hotel International in Oerlikon, Zürich, Switzerland, killed 6 on February 14 1988— First Interstate Tower in Los Angeles, California catches fire on May 4, killing 1 1988—A fire at a Ford dealership in Hackensack, New Jersey, killed 5 firefighters from the Hackensack Fire Department on July 1 1989—Hotel Bethlehem, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, caused by faulty iron cord, killed 5 people on January 27 1989—Premier Studio of Mysore fire, Mysore, Karnataka, India, 62 killed on February 8 1989— Downunder Hostel fire, set on September 17 in a backpackers hostel in Sydney, killed 6 1990—Flying discothèque fire at Zaragoza, Aragon, Spain, 43 killed on January 14 1990— Happy Land Fire arson fire in the Bronx, New York City, killed 87 on March 25 1990— 1991 Hamlet chicken plant fire killed 25 people 1991—Fire caused by oil-soaked rags at One Meridian Plaza, Philadelphia, United States, killed 3 firefighters on February 23–24 1991— Bright Sparklers Fireworks fire, killed 26 and injured over 100 on May 7 [70 ] 1992— Shek Kong Vietnamese refugee detention centre fire, Hong Kong, 24 killed and 126 injured [18 ] [52 ] 1992— Pension de Vogel homeless hostel fire, The Hague, Netherlands, 11 killed and 15 injured on 16 September 1992— Windsor Castle fire, England 1992—A part of the roof and the upper floor of the Hofburg Imperial Palace in Vienna, Austria, burned down on November 26 1993—Fire in a 10-story building in the Hsinhua section of Taipei, Taiwan, killed 34 on January 18 1993—Linxi department store fire, Tangshan, Hebei, China, 79 killed and 51 injured on 14 February 1993— World Trade Center bombing, New York City, New York, 6 killed and 1042 injured on 26 February 1993— Branch Davidian church in Waco, Texas, about 80 killed 1993— Kader Toy Factory fire, Bangkok, Thailand, 189 killed on May 10 1993— Madimak Hotel fire, Sivas, Turkey, killed 35 on July 2. 1993—Zhili Toy Factory fire, Kuiyong, Shenzhen, China, 81 killed on November 20 [71 ] 1993—Gaofu Textile Factory fire, Fuzhou, Fujian, China, 61 killed on December 13 1993—Nightclub Kheyvis fire in Buenos Aires, Argentina, 17 killed and 25 injured on December 20 1994— The Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation (HSBC) Shek Kip Mei branch fire, Shek Kip Mei, Hong Kong, 12 killed in firebomb attack on January 10 [18 ] [50 ] [51 ] [72 ] [73 ] 1994—Fuxin Discothèque fire at Fuxin, Liaoning, China, 234 killed on November 27 [61 ] 1994— 1994 Karamay fire, Karamay, Xinjiang Uygur, China, 324 killed (288 pupils and 36 teachers) on December 10 [43 ] [61 ] [62 ] 1994— Switel Hotel fire, Antwerp, Belgium, 15 killed and 164 severely injured on 31 December 1995—Wei Er Kang Restaurant fire at Taichung, Taiwan, killed 64 1995—Anshan hotel fire, Anshan, Liaoning, China, killed 30 on March 14 [61 ] 1995—Urumqi fire, Urumqi, Xinjiang, China, killed 51 on April 24 [61 ] 1995—Gyeonni Women Technical School fire, Yongin, Gyeonggi, South Korea, killed 38 1995— Dabwali tent fire, Haryana, India, 540 killed on December 23 1996— Teatro in La Fenice Venice 1996— Ozone Disco Club fire, Quezon City, Philippines, 162 killed and 95 injured on March 18 1996—Kebon Kembang shoppong mall fire, Bogor, Jawa Barat, Indonesia, 78 killed on March 28 1996— Düsseldorf Airport fire, killed 17 on April 11 1996— Heaven Hill distillery fire in Kentucky on November 7 1996— The Garley Building fire, Hong Kong, 40 killed on November 20 [18 ] [51 ] [73 ] 1996—residential building fire caused by arson attack, Shanghai, China, 36 killed on November 27 [61 ] 1997—Top One Karaoke Fire caused by arson attack, Tsim Sha Tsui, Hong Kong, 17 killed on January 25 [18 ] [51 ] [74 ] 1997— 1997 Aisin fire, Kariya, Aichi, Japan, on February 1 1997—Brihadiswara temple fire started by a visitor's firecracker, at Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu, India, 60 killed and 200 injured on June 8 1997—Uphaar cinema fire, Green Park, New Delhi, 59 killed on June 13 1997—Pattaya Royal Resort Hotel fire, in Thailand, killed 88 on July 11 1997—Arson attack by an employee at a shoe factory, Jinjiang City, Fujian, China, 32 killed on September 21 [61 ] 1998—Dormitory fire at Bombolulu Girls High School, Mombasa, Kenya, 24 killed on March 25 1998— Gothenburg nightclub fire in Gothenburg, Sweden, killed 63 on October 30 1998—Orphanage fire in Manila, Philippines, killed 28 on December 3 1999— Worcester Cold Storage Fire killed 6 firefighters 1999—One story Sealand Youth Training Center fire at Hwaseong killed 23 and injured 5 on June 30 1999—Two-story buildings with cinema complex fire at Yogyakarta, Central Java, Indonesia, killed 75 on September 24 1999—Four-story complex buildings with Sun-Hun Choe karaoke room fire at Incheon, South Korea, killed 54 and injured 70 on October 30 1999—Jilin hotel fire, Changchun, Jilin, China, killed 20 on December 26 [61 ] 2000— Immigration Tower fire, Wan Chai, Hong Kong, 2 killed and 48 injured on August 2 [73 ] 2000—Tiantang cinema fire in Jiaozuo, Henan, China, killed 74 on March 29 [61 ] 2000—Xiamen, Fuji electric factory, killed 8 females [75 ] 2000—Qingzhou chicken processing plant fire, Qingzhou, Shandong, China, 38 workers killed on April 22 [61 ] 2000— Enschede fireworks disaster, Enschede, Netherlands, 22 killed (including 4 firemen) on May 13 2000—Fireworks factory fire, Guangdong, China, 36 killed on June 30 [61 ] 2000—Fire on Ostankino Tower, Moscow 2000— Childers Palace Backpackers Hostel fire in Childers, Queensland, 15 killed in arson attack on June 23 [76 ] 2000—Dongdu Commercial shopping center fire in Luoyang, Henan, China, killed 309 on December 25 [62 ] 2001–present [edit ] 2001—Kyanguli Secondary school fire, Machakos, Eastern Province, Kenya, 68 killed on March 26 2001— Erwadi fire incident, Tamil Nadu, India, 25 killed on August 6 2001—Manor Hotel fire, Quezon City, Philippines, 75 killed on August 17 2001— Myojo 56 building fire, Tokyo, Japan, 44 killed by arson on September 1. 2001 – September 11 attacks—Two airliners deliberately flown into the World Trade Center Twin Towers in New York City, sparked fires on multiple floors. Over 2000 people die as a result of the fires and the subsequent collapse of the towers. 2001— Volendam New Years fire during a New Year party in De Hemel cafè in Volendam, Netherlands killed 14 and injured 200 2001— Mesa Redonda fire, Lima, Peru, 291 killed on December 29 2002—Shree Lee International footwear factory fire, Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India, 42 killed on June 26 2002—Heppi Karaoke bar fire, Palembang, South Sumatra, Indonesia, 42 killed on July 9 2002— Ho Chi Minh City ITC fire, Vietnam, over 60 killed, over 100 missing and 500 injured in a luxurious department store fire and collapse 2002—Sidi Moussa prison fire, El Jadida, Morocco, killing 50, on November 2 2002—La Coajira nightclub fire at Caracas, Venezuela, 47 killed on December 1 2003— Daegu subway fire in Daegu ( South Korea) 2003— The Station nightclub fire 96 died at the scene; 4 died from injuries at local hospitals in West Warwick, Rhode Island 2003— Peoples' Friendship University of Russia fire, Moscow, Russia, 36 killed on November 24 2004—Zhongbai Commercial Plaza fire, Jilin, northeastern China, killed 53 on February 16 2004— San Pedro Sula prison fire, Honduras, killed 103 on May 17 2004— Momart warehouse fire, numerous significant contemporary work of arts destroyed by fire, 24 May 2004, Leyton, East London. 2004—Sri Krishna Aided Higher Secondary School fire, Kumbakonam, Tamil-Nadu, India, killed 94 on July 16 2004— Ycuá Bolaños supermarket fire, Asunción, Paraguay, kills 370, injures 500 on August 1. 2004— República Cromagnon nightclub fire in Buenos Aires kills 194, injures 714 on December 30. 2005—The Windsor Tower Building Fire (Spain), February 14–15 [77 ] [78 ] 2005— Beni Suef Cultural Palace fire in Egypt and kills 46 on September 5. 2005— Aardman Animations storage depot fire, 10 October 2005—11 die in a fire at the detention center of Amsterdam Schiphol Airport on October 27. 2005— Hertfordshire Oil Storage Terminal fire, a major explosion at Hertfordshire Oil Storage Terminal in Hemel Hempstead, Hertfordshire injures 43 on December 11. 2005—Liaoyang City Central Hospital fire, Liaoyang, Jilin, China, 39 killed on December 12. 2006—KTS Composite Textile factory fire, at Chittagong, Bangladesh, 65 killed, 100 injured on February 24. 2006— Kolkata leather factory fire kills at least nine people in India on November 22. 2006—Moscow hospital fire kills 46 December 9. 2006—Fire at a store in Ormoc City, Philippines kills 24 [79 ] 2007—Nursing home fire at Kamyshevatskaya, Krasnodar, southern Russia, killed 63 on March 19 2007— Penhallow Hotel fire at Newquay, Cornwall 2007— Charleston Sofa Super Store Fire in Charleston, South Carolina; 9 firefighters were killed battling the blaze 2007— Warehouse fire in Atherstone-on-Stour, Warwickshire when 4 firefighters were killed 2007—Warehouse fire in Mexico City, Mexico, killed 5 people 2008—Fire at Korea 2000 refrigerated warehouse while under construction, Icheon, Gyeonggi-do, South Korea, 40 killed on January 7 2008— Namdaemun fire with collapse at Seoul, South Korea on February 10. 2008—Historic Quebec City Armoury roof and interior destroyed by fire, Quebec, Canada, on April 4 2008—Four-story Rosamor Furniture factory fire, Lissasfa, Casablanca, Morocco, killed 55 on April 25
Fire at Alma College in May 2008. Only a brick shell remained and was subsequently demolished.
2008—Historic Alma College in St. Thomas, Ontario, Canada burnt down by arsonists on May 28 2008— Texas Governor's Mansion heavily damaged during an extensive renovation; thought to be arson 2008— Cornwall Court Fire in Hong Kong on August 10, killed 4 people including 2 firefighters 2008— Toronto propane explosion in North York on August 10, killed 2 people including 1 firefighter 2008— Wuwang Club fire in Shenzen, China, on September 20, killing 43 [62 ] [80 ] 2008—Video Parlour Cats fire by arsonist in Nanba, Osaka, Japan, killed 15 and injured 10 on October 1 2009— Santika Club fire, Bangkok, Thailand, killed 66 on January 1 2009— Nakumatt supermarket fire, Nairobi, Kenya, killed 29 on January 28 2009— Great Beijing Mandarin Oriental Hotel fire of February, 2009 caused by fire works, 1 death 2009— Bashundhara City mall fire in Dhaka, Bangladesh, killed 7 people on March 13 2009— Homeless hostel fire in Kamień Pomorski, Poland, kills 23 on April 13 2009— ABC daycare center fire kills 47 in Hermosillo, Mexico, on June 5 2009— Lakanal House tower block fire kills 6 in Camberwell, London on July 3 2009—Three alarm fire at a delicatessen in Buffalo, New York, kills 2 firefighters on August 24 [81 ] 2009— Taldykorgan Regional Drug Rehabilitation Hospital fire in Almaty Province, Kazakhstan, killed 38 on September 13 2009— Perm Lame Horse Night club fire in Perm, Russia, killed 153 people and injured over 140 on December 4 [82 ] [83 ] 2009—Medan Karaoke bar fire in Medan of the Indonesian island of Sumatra, killed 20 on December 4 [84 ] 2010—2010 Tioman Island fire in Pulau Tioman, Malaysia; no deaths but 12 injured 2010—2010 Bangkok riots in Thailand, burned BEC TV3, CentralWorld and many buildings 2010— 2010 San Bruno explosion in San Bruno, California, six-alarm fire from a gas main killed at least 4 and destroyed dozens of homes on September 10 2010— 2010 Shanghai fire, high-rise apartment building fire killed at least 53 [85 ] 2010—A fire in a prison in Santiago, Chile killed at least 81 inmates in the country's deadliest ever prison incident 2010—Stephen Court historic building fire in Kolkata, India, kills at least 42 [86 ] 2011—Fire caused by electrical short circuit at a eunuch festival, Delhi, India, 15 killed and at least 36 injured on November 21 [87 ] 2011—AMRI hospital Kolkata, West Bengal; killed at least 90, most caused by toxic fumes spreading through ducts of the Central air conditioning system, December 9 [88 ] 2012 – January 2, Propane tanks at a dentist office in Laredo, Texas, cause an explosion heard several miles away. No deaths, but millions of dollars in reported damage within a 3,000 m (1.9 mi) radius [89 ] 2012—A prison fire in Comayagua, Honduras, kills at more than 361 inmates on 14 February [90 ] 2012—A massive fire sweeps through a market in Tegucigalpa, Honduras, destroying between 500 and 1800 stalls and injuring 11 people. [91 ] 2012—A fire in a Moscow market kills 17 migrant workers [92 ] 2012—Explosions and a fire at Bangkok Synthetics Plant petrochemical plant for synthetic rubber, in the Map Ta Phut industrial estate in Rayong Province, Thailand, killed 12 people and injured more than 100 [93 ] 2012—Explosion and fire at Paraguaná Refinery Complex killed 48 and injured 151 2012—A fire in a Karachi garment factory killed at least 312 workers. [94 ] [95 ] 2012—A fire in a Lahore shoe factory in Pakistan killed 25 workers [96 ] 2012—Beinan Branch of Xinyang Hospital has been committed an arson, resulting 13 patient dead, the perpetrator was in final phase of cancer and upset by his illness, received the death penalty, was died during detention in April 2014. [97 ] 2012—Fire in a Tazreen Fashion factory in Dhaka, Bangladesh, killed at least 124. [98 ] 2013—A fire in the Kiss nightclub in Santa Maria, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, after performers said to have set off fireworks, killed at least 233 people [99 ] [100 ] 2013—A fire in Surya Sen Market, Kolkata killed 18 people [101 ] 2013—An ammonium nitrate explosion at a fertilizer plant in West, Texas killed 15 and injured over 160. 2013—The 2013 Moscow psychiatric hospital fire killed 38 [102 ] 2013—The Southwest Inn Motel fire killed 4 firefighters in Houston, Texas [103 ] 2013—The Jilin Baoyuanfeng Poultry Plant fire killed 119 persons in Mishazi Township, Jilin Province, China [104 ] 2013—A fire at a psychiatric hospital in Luka, Novgorod Region, Russia, killed 37. [105 ] 2013—A fire at Hải Dương Province Trade Centre, Vietnam, with the total value of the contract at 500 billion Vietnamese đồng (25,000,000 USD) [106 ] 2013—A fire at Diana Vietnam diaper factory in Bắc Ninh Province with a loss of 20,000,000 USD. [107 ] 2014—A fire at Valparaiso, Chile left over 2,500 houses destroyed, 11,000 people homeless and a death toll of 15 people. Authorities stated that was the worst fire of the history of Valparaiso. 2014—A fire at a bakery shop in Yuanlin, Changhua, Taiwan, caused 5 deaths. [108 ] 2014—A fire at a hospital in Jangseong County in South Korea killed 21 patients and a nurse, and injured several more people. [109 ] 2014— A fire in Lowell, Massachusetts in a triple-decker kills four adults and three children. [110 ] 2014— Arson at an air traffic control edifice in Aurora, Illinois, United States (also known as the "Chicago Center") caused close to 2000 airline flights to undertake emergency landings [111 ] Transportation fires [edit ] Ship fires [edit ] 1800—British warship Queen Charlotte — 673 deaths 1840—Steamship in Lexington Long Island Sound — 139 deaths 1865— on the SS Sultana Mississippi River, near Memphis, Tennessee — 1,547 deaths 1893—Freighter Cabo Machichaco ( in ) es Santander, Spain — 500 deaths 1904—Steamship in New York City — 1,021 deaths General Slocum 1906— SS fire in Hong Kong — 130+ deaths (14 October) Hankow [112 ] 1917—Munitions ship burned, drifted and detonated in the Mont-Blanc Halifax Explosion — roughly 2,000 deaths 1934— SS off Morro Castle Asbury Park, New Jersey — 137 deaths, ship gutted and beached 1941— Attack on Pearl Harbor, sinking USS and several other ships; extensive fires generated aboard and around ships Arizona (BB-39) 1941— SS in New York City, ship capsized and sank at pier Normandie 1944— Bombay Explosion (1944) – SS Fort Stikine docked in Bombay, India underwent a fire and two explosions and set fire to the area killing around 800 people 1944— Port Chicago disaster – SS E A Bryan docked in Port Chicago, California underwent massive explosions and fire while munitions were loaded. 320 people were killed and 390 were injured. 1947— Texas City Disaster— 2 ships' cargoes of ammonium nitrate caught fire and exploded, killing 581, more than 5000 injured. 1947— SS in Xi'an Hong Kong — 200 deaths [52 ] 1949— SS in Noronic Toronto — 118 to 139 deaths 1963— near Lakonia Madeira burned — 128 deaths 1965— SS near Yarmouth Castle Nassau, Bahamas — 90 deaths 1965—Orient Trader in Toronto, Ontario, Canada— no deaths or injuries. Was towed from pier into harbour and was totally destroyed by fire. 1960 ORIENT TRADER, Orient Mid-East Great Lakes Services, Piraeus. 21st Jul.1965 Caught fire Toronto harbour, CTL. 1966 Scrapped Valencia. [113 ] 1967— USS in the Forrestal Gulf of Tonkin — 134 deaths. 1972— RMS in Queen Elizabeth Hong Kong, ship sank in harbour [18 ] 1987— in the Doña Paz Philippines — an estimated 4,000 deaths 1990— MS off Norway — 159 deaths Scandinavian Star 1991— Moby Prince disaster in Livorno, Italy. 140 killed. 1994— near Achille Lauro Somalia 2001— MS Windoc in Allanburg, Ontario, Canada — Bridge lowered on the ship, this tore off the wheelhouse and funnel and caused a fire that burned out the aft cabins and engine room. No deaths. 2006— in the Caribbean — 1 death Star Princess 2007— , 19th-century Cutty Sark clipper in dry dock as a museum ship in Greenwich, London extensively damaged while undergoing restoration on May 21 2011— MS , Norwegian cruise ship, September 15, 2 deaths Nordlys [114 ] [115 ] Train and rail fires [edit ] 1903— Paris Métro train fire kills 84 1913— Ais Gill rail crash in England kills 14 chiefly through fire on September 1 1915— Quintinshill rail crash in Scotland kills 227 chiefly through fire on May 22 1951— Sakuragicho commuter train fire, Yokohama, Japan, 106 killed on April 24 1972—Hokuriku railroad tunnel fire in Tsuruga, Japan, 31 killed and 637 injured 1978— Taunton train fire on British Rail kills 12 on July 6 1984— Summit tunnel fire in West Yorkshire, England 1987— Kings Cross London Underground fire London Subway system fire, London, England, 31 killed, 100 injured on November 18 1995— 1995 Baku Metro fire kills over 200 1996— Channel Tunnel fire between France and England on November 18 1998— Yaounde train explosion fuel train explosion, kills 120 people 2000— Kaprun disaster, Austrian funicular train fire, kills 155 people 2002— Al Ayatt train disaster, Egypt 2002—The Godhra train burning took place which lead to the 2002 Gujarat violence 2003— Daegu subway fire in Daegu ( South Korea) Train fire killed at least 198 people and injured at least 147 2003— Ladhowal train fire, India 2008— Channel Tunnel fire, between France and England 2012— Nellore train fire kills 32 passengers on the Tamil Nadu Express near Nellore in Andhra Pradesh, India 2014—Several tanker cars carrying crude oil caught fire along the James River in Lynchburg, Virginia. [116 ] Bus fires [edit ] 1988— Carrollton, Kentucky, bus collision—27 deaths on May 14, one of the deadliest bus disasters in US history 1992—Chien-Kang Bus Fire ( ) (健康幼稚園火燒車事件) – one bus carrying 50 kindergarten students, teachers, and parents caught fire at Taoyuan City (now zh Taoyuan District) on their way to the Leofoo Amusement Park, killing 23 and injuring 9 1997—Bus fire, Guangdong, China – bus caught fire on expressway, killing 39 passengers [61 ] 2003—Chun-Lung Bus Fire ( ) (尊龍客運高速公路火燒車事故)—A charter bus caught fire at zh Taipei County killing 6 and injuring 4 2006—A bus caught fire on a street in Rio Grande, Brazil. 28 people were injured, but no-one was killed. The cause of the fire was a can of paint thinner under the driver's seat, which ignited following a short-circuit. 2007— Comilla bus caught fire in Bangladesh, at least fifty-five killed on January 6. 2008— Lower Saxony: A bus caught fire presumably due to a passenger smoking in the toilet on the A2 Autobahn (Expressway) in Germany, 20 killed on November 4 [117 ] 2008— Boromo bus caught fire in Balé Province, Burkina Faso, sixty-seven killed on November 15 2008— Firozabad bus caught fire in Uttar Pradesh, India, killing sixty-three on December 9. 2009— Chengdu bus fire, a mass murder–suicide attack Chengdu, Sichuan, China, results in 27 deaths on June 5 2010—During the Mount Carmel forest fire, a bus that was transporting prison guards was caught up in a wildfire as they made their way to evacuate a nearby prison, resulting in the death of 40 guards as flames overwhelmed the bus [118 ] 2011— Xinyang bus fire kills at least 41 people in Xinyang, Henan, China, on 22 July. 2013—A bus fire in Xiamen, China, believed to be an act of arson, killed 47 and injured 30. [119 ] 2014— Colombia bus fire killed 32 children who had just attended a church service in the city of Fundación 18 May 2014. [120 ] 2014—Six people died and dozens were injured in a bus terminal fire near Seoul, South Korea on 26 May 2014. [121 ] Road fires [edit ] Other fires [edit ] 1916— Black Tom explosion (fires led to the explosion) 1937— Hindenburg disaster near Lakehurst, New Jersey 1955— Le Mans 24 hour race disaster, Le Mans, France, over 80 killed on June 11 1967— Apollo 1 burned during ground tests at Cape Canaveral January 27, 3 astronauts died 1973— Kingman Explosion Propane tanker BLEVE incident kills 13, injures 107 [122 ] 1975—Tent site at Mina, Saudi Arabia, 138 killed 1978— Los Alfaques disaster kills 217 on a campsite near Tarragona, in Spain on July 11 2006—Brand India Fair at Meerut Victoria Park fire, Meerut, Uttar Pradesh, India, 100 killed on April 10 2009— 2009 Kenyan oil spill ignition resulted in the deaths of at least 111 people and infliction of gruesome injuries to countless hundreds more on 31 January, following a road accident in Molo, Kenya. Mining fires [edit ]
This is a partial list of fire due to
mining: man-made structures to extract minerals, ores, rock, petroleum, natural gas, etc. 1884 to present— New Straitsville, Ohio, coal mine fire ignited by striking miners [123 ] 1892—Fire in the Marie iron mine, Příbram, now in the Czech Republic, 319 killed on May 31 1895— Osceola copper mine in Osceola Township, Houghton County, Michigan, caught fire on September 7, 30 killed [124 ] 1911—Fire at the Price-Pancoast Colliery, Throop, Pennsylvania, on April 7, with 72 dead by suffocation [125 ] 1915 to present— Laurel Run mine fire in Luzerne County, Pennsylvania, in the United States, ignited when at carbide lamp set fire to a timber support 1956—Bois du Cazier fire ( ), fr Belgium, killed 262 people from 12 nations 1962— Devil's Cigarette Lighter fire in a gas field in Algeria, lasted almost 6 months before doused with explosives 1962 to present— Centralia Mine Fire, Pennsylvania, rendering the town uninhabitable 1971 to present— Door to Hell fire in a natural gas field in Derweze, Ahal Province, Turkmenistan 1972—Fire broke out in the Sunshine Mine in Kellogg, Idaho, on the morning of May 2; 91 workers died from smoke inhalation or carbon monoxide poisoning 1986—Fire in a gold mine owned by the General Mining Union Corporation in Kinross, Transvaal, South Africa, with 177 killed and 235 injured on September 16 [126 ] 1988— Piper Alpha oil platform disaster, North Sea, on July 6; 167 deaths 2010—Explosion and fire on the mobile offshore drilling unit in the Deepwater Horizon Gulf of Mexico Forest and countryside fires [edit ] 1871— The Great Michigan Fire, killed over 200 in Michigan 1910— Great Fire of 1910 (aka Big Blowup; Big Burn), Washington, Idaho and Montana, over 3 million acres (12,000 km²), at least 85 dead. This fire set new policies, and created new organizations for fighting wildfires. 1911— Great Porcupine Fire, Ontario 1916— Matheson Fire, Ontario, July 29. Six towns destroyed, two more damaged, 223 people dead. 1921— 1921 Mari wildfires, 35 killed 1922— Great Fire of 1922, Northern Ontario, several towns destroyed including 90% of the City of Haileybury 1933— Tillamook Burn, Oregon 1935— Kursha-2, 1200 killed 1936— Bandon, Oregon, Bandon's entire commercial district was destroyed, total loss stated at the time was $3 million USD, with 11 fatalities. 1949— Landes Mountain forest fire, 256,000 acres (1,040 km 2) lost, 240 killed, include 82 firefighters, on August. 1949— Mann Gulch fire 1963— Paraná forest fire, 20,000 square kilometres destroyed, killing at least 110, with 5,000 houses burned on September. 1966— Serra de Sintra forest fire,outskirt of Lisbon, Portugal, 26.6 km² destroyed, killing 26. 1967— 1967 Tasmanian fires in Tasmania, Australia 1971—1971 Kure forest fire, Kure, western Honshū, Japan, 18 firefighters killed on April 27 1975— Fire on the Lüneburg Heath in north Germany, 80 square kilometres destroyed, 7 fatalities including 5 firefighters killed on August 10 1983— Ash Wednesday fires in south-eastern Australia killed 75 people in South Australia and Victoria. 1987— 1987 Daxing'anling wildfire in People's Republic of China, burned for a month 1988— Yellowstone fires of 1988 largest, most expensive wildfire in the history of the National Park Service, at the world's first National Park 1994— Isabela Island forest fire, Galápagos Island, Ecuador, 12 km² lost on April. 1994— South Canyon Fire on Storm King Mountain near Glenwood Springs, Colorado kills fourteen firefighters on July 6. 2003— Cedar Fire destroyed over 550 homes and many acres of land, Southern California 2003— 2003 Okanagan Mountain Park Fire, British Columbia 2006— Pilliga forest fire burned out 740 km² on just its first day 2007 – October 2007 California wildfires Fires in California 2008— Summer 2008 California wildfires Second costliest in US history to extinguish. 2009— Black Saturday bushfires In February, at the end of a the early 2009 southeastern Australia heat wave, bushfires swept through the Australian state of Victoria killing 173 people, injuring around 500, destroying at least 2029 homes. 2010— 2010 Russian wildfires, 2000 buildings, 8000 km² destroyed, 54 killed. [127 ] 2010— Mount Carmel forest fire in Israel led to 44 fatalities. 2011—Fires across parts of Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland, during the Easter holidays, destroying many parks and forests. 2011—Summer fire outbreak across Texas claimed almost 4 million acres in over 21,000 fires. Approximately 7,000 homes were lost and approximately 50,000 homes in direct danger were saved by fire departments across the state. 2011—Two wildfires burn in Bastrop, Texas; 2 people killed, 34,000 acres burned, over 1000 houses and other structures destroyed 2011—Swinley Forest, UK, 12 fire services attended from various counties to extinguish this forestry fire in Berkshire. [128 ] [129 ] See also [edit ]
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