List of earthquakes in Iran

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Earthquakes in Iran from 1990-2006, by United States Geological Survey

Iran is one of the most seismically active countries in the world, being crossed by several major fault lines[1] that cover at least 90% of the country.[2] As a result, earthquakes in Iran occur often and are destructive.

Contents

Geology and history

The Iranian plateau is subject to most types of tectonic activity, including active folding, faulting and volcanic eruptions. It is well known for its long history of disastrous earthquake activity. Not only have these earthquakes killed thousands, but they have also led to waste of valuable natural resources.[3] Since 1900, at least 126,000 fatalities have resulted from earthquakes in Iran.[3]

21st century

DateTimeEpicenterMagnitudeFatalitiesCoordinatesOfficial title
Aug 11, 201212:23:18Tabriz6.4 and 6.330638°19′26″N 46°45′32″E / 38.324°N 46.759°E / 38.324; 46.7592012 Tabriz earthquakes
Jun 15, 201101:05:30Kahnooj5.3227°58′34″N 57°34′26″E / 27.976°N 57.574°E / 27.976; 57.5742011 Kahnooj earthquake
Dec 20, 201022:12:01Hosseinabad6.51128°29′28″N 59°07′01″E / 28.491°N 59.117°E / 28.491; 59.1172010 Hosseinabad earthquake
Aug 27, 201023:56:34Damghan5.91926°44′34.8″N 55°49′40.8″E / 26.743°N 55.828°E / 26.743; 55.8282010 Damghan earthquake
Sep 10, 200811:00:34Qeshm6.1726°44′34.8″N 55°49′40.8″E / 26.743°N 55.828°E / 26.743; 55.8282008 Bandar Abbas earthquake
March 31, 200601:17:01Borujerd6.1[4]70[4]33°34′51.6″N 48°47′38.4″E / 33.581°N 48.794°E / 33.581; 48.7942006 Borujerd earthquake
November 27, 200510:22:19Qeshm6.0[5]13[5]26°47′2.4″N 55°50′49.2″E / 26.784°N 55.847°E / 26.784; 55.8472005 Qeshm earthquake
February 22, 200502:25:22Zarand6.4[6]At least 602[7]30°44′27.6″N 56°52′37.2″E / 30.741°N 56.877°E / 30.741; 56.8772005 Zarand earthquake
May 28, 200412:38:46Māzandarān6.3[8]At least 35[8]36°16′12″N 51°34′30″E / 36.27°N 51.575°E / 36.27; 51.5752004 Māzandarān earthquake
December 26, 200301:56:52Bam6.6[9]At least 30,000[9]29°0′14.4″N 58°20′13.2″E / 29.004°N 58.337°E / 29.004; 58.3372003 Bam earthquake
June 22, 200202:58:21Qazvin6.5[10]262[2]35°40′8.4″N 48°55′58.8″E / 35.669°N 48.933°E / 35.669; 48.9332002 Bou'in-Zahra earthquake
The Carevanserai Hafezi, built in the 18th century, was destroyed by the 2006 Borujerd earthquake

20th century

DateTimeEpicenterMagnitudeFatalitiesCoordinatesOfficial title
March 14, 199819:40:02Golbaf6.6[11]5[11]30°9′N 57°36′E / 30.15°N 57.6°E / 30.15; 57.61998 Golbaf earthquake
May 10, 199707:57:29Birjand-Qaen7.31,567[12]33°49′12″N 59°48′0″E / 33.82°N 59.8°E / 33.82; 59.81997 Qayen earthquake
February 28, 1997Ardabil6.0[13]1,10038°15′N 48°17′E / 38.25°N 48.283°E / 38.25; 48.2831997 Ardabil earthquake
June 20, 1990Manjil(-Rudbar)7.4[14]At least 40,000[14]37°0′N 49°24′E / 37°N 49.4°E / 37; 49.41990 Manjil-Rudbar earthquake
July 28, 1981Southern Iran7.3[15]1,500[15]30°0′N 57°48′E / 30°N 57.8°E / 30; 57.8July 1981 southern Iran earthquake
June 11, 1981Southern Iran6.9[15]3,000[15]29°54′N 57°42′E / 29.9°N 57.7°E / 29.9; 57.7June 1981 southern Iran earthquake
September 16, 1978Tabas7.8[15]15,000[15]33°12′N 57°24′E / 33.2°N 57.4°E / 33.2; 57.41978 Tabas earthquake
April 10, 1972Qir7.1[15]5,054[15]28°24′N 52°48′E / 28.4°N 52.8°E / 28.4; 52.81972 southern Iran earthquake
August 31, 1968Dasht-e-Bayaz-Ferdows7.3[16]At least 7,000[16]33°54′0″N 59°1′12″E / 33.9°N 59.02°E / 33.9; 59.021968 Dasht-e Bayaz and Ferdows earthquake
February 10, 196516:09Bostanabad-e Bala5.1201965 Bostanabad-e Bala earthquake
September 1, 1962Bou'in-Zahra7.1[16]12,225[16]35°36′N 49°54′E / 35.6°N 49.9°E / 35.6; 49.91962 Bou'in-Zahra earthquake
December 13, 1957Sahneh7.1[16]1,130[16]34°21′0″N 47°40′12″E / 34.35°N 47.67°E / 34.35; 47.671957 Sahneh earthquake
July 2, 1957Māzandarān7.1[16]1,200[16]36°8′24″N 52°42′0″E / 36.14°N 52.7°E / 36.14; 52.71957 Māzandarān earthquake
February 12, 1953Torud6.59701953 Torud earthquake
August 5, 1947Pasni7.35001947 Pasni earthquake
May 6, 1930Salmas7.2[15]2, 500[15]38°9′N 44°42′E / 38.15°N 44.7°E / 38.15; 44.71930 Salmas earthquake
May 1, 1929Koppeh Dagh7.4[15]3,800[15]37°51′N 57°45′E / 37.85°N 57.75°E / 37.85; 57.751929 Koppeh Dagh earthquake
May 25, 1923Torbat-e Heydariyeh5.7[15]2,200[15]33°24′N 59°6′E / 33.4°N 59.1°E / 33.4; 59.11923 Torbat-e Heydariyeh earthquake
January 23, 1909Silakhor of Borujerd7.3[16]6,000[16]33°24′N 49°6′E / 33.4°N 49.1°E / 33.4; 49.11909 Borujerd earthquake

Other

DateTimeEpicenterMagnitudeFatalitiesCoordinatesOfficial title
January 17, 189511:30Quchan6.81,00037°06′N 58°24′E / 37.1°N 58.4°E / 37.1; 58.41895 Quchan earthquake
November 17, 189315:06Quchan6.618,00037°12′N 58°24′E / 37.2°N 58.4°E / 37.2; 58.41893 Quchan earthquake
June 7, 1755KashanUnknown40,00033°59′N 51°27′E / 33.983°N 51.45°E / 33.983; 51.451755 Kashan earthquake
November 18, 1727TabrizUnknown77,00038°5′N 46°17′E / 38.083°N 46.283°E / 38.083; 46.2831727 Tabriz earthquake
August 21, 1042Tabriz7.640,00038°0′N 46°2′E / 38°N 46.033°E / 38; 46.0331042 Tabriz earthquake
March 23, 893ArdabilUnknown150,00038°15′N 48°17′E / 38.25°N 48.283°E / 38.25; 48.283893 Ardabil earthquake
December 22, 856Damghan7.9200,00036°10′N 54°21′E / 36.167°N 54.35°E / 36.167; 54.35856 Damghan earthquake

See also

References

  1. ^ "Help too late, say quake survivors". CNN. June 24, 2002. http://www.cnn.com/2002/WORLD/meast/06/24/iran.anger/index.html. Retrieved December 30, 2008. 
  2. ^ a b "Preliminary Earthquake Reconnaissance Report on the June 22, 2002 Changureh (Avaj), Iran Earthquake". International Institute of Earthquake Engineering and Seismology. 2002-07-19. http://mceer.buffalo.edu/research/Reconnaissance/Iran6-22-02/. Retrieved December 30, 2008. 
  3. ^ a b Manuel Berberian. "100 years; 126,000 deaths". The Iranian. http://www.iranian.com/Iranica/June97/Earthquake/Text2.html. 
  4. ^ a b "Magnitude 6.1 - Western Iran". United States Geological Survey. July 16, 2008. http://earthquake.usgs.gov/eqcenter/eqinthenews/2006/uskyae/. Retrieved March 14, 2009. 
  5. ^ a b "Magnitude 6.0 - Southern Iran". United States Geological Survey. July 16, 2008. http://earthquake.usgs.gov/eqcenter/eqinthenews/2005/usfyag/#summary. Retrieved March 14, 2009. 
  6. ^ "Earthquake Summary Poster". United States Geological Survey. July 16, 2008. http://earthquake.usgs.gov/eqcenter/eqarchives/poster/2005/20050222.php. Retrieved March 14, 2009. 
  7. ^ "Magnitude 6.4 - Central Iran". United States Geological Survey. July 16, 2008. http://earthquake.usgs.gov/eqcenter/eqinthenews/2005/usuvae/#summary. Retrieved March 15, 2009. 
  8. ^ a b "Magnitude 6.3 - Northern Iran". United States Geological Survey. July 16, 2008. http://earthquake.usgs.gov/eqcenter/eqinthenews/2004/usjaan/. Retrieved March 15, 2009. 
  9. ^ a b "Magnitude 6.6 - Southeastern Iran". United States Geological Survey. July 16, 2008. http://earthquake.usgs.gov/eqcenter/eqinthenews/2003/uscvad/. Retrieved March 14, 2009. 
  10. ^ "Magnitude 6.5 - Western Iran". United States Geological Survey. November 13, 2003. http://neic.usgs.gov/neis/eq_depot/2002/eq_020622/. Retrieved March 14, 2009. 
  11. ^ a b "Today In Earthquake History - March 14". United States Geological Survey. February 18, 2008. http://earthquake.usgs.gov/learning/today/his_03_14.php. Retrieved March 14, 2009. [dead link]
  12. ^ "Earthquake Information for 1990". USGS. April 22, 2004. http://neic.usgs.gov/neis/eq_depot/1997/eq_970510/. Retrieved December 30, 2008. 
  13. ^ "Significant Earthquakes of the World: 1997". United States Geological Survey. July 16, 2008. http://earthquake.usgs.gov/eqcenter/eqarchives/significant/sig_1997.php. Retrieved March 15, 2009. 
  14. ^ a b "Earthquake Information for 1990". United States Geological Survey. http://neic.usgs.gov/neis/eq_depot/1990/. Retrieved March 15, 2009. 
  15. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n "Historic Worldwide Earthquakes". United States Geological Survey. January 29, 2009. http://earthquake.usgs.gov/regional/world/historical_country.php#iran. Retrieved March 15, 2009. 
  16. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Earthquakes with 1,000 or More Deaths since 1900". United States Geological Survey. January 29, 2009. http://earthquake.usgs.gov/regional/world/world_deaths.php. Retrieved March 18, 2009. 

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