List of earthquakes in China

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - View original article

 
Jump to: navigation, search

This is a list of earthquakes in China:

DateArticleEpicenterMagnitudeDeathsDescription
September 27, 12901290 Chihli earthquake[1]41°30′N 119°18′E / 41.5°N 119.3°E / 41.5; 119.3 Ningcheng County, Inner Mongolia6.8 Ms~100,000
September 25, 13031303 Shanxi earthquake[2]No data
Shanxi
8.0 ML200,000+Taiyuan and Pingyang were leveled.
January 23, 15561556 Shaanxi earthquake34°30′N 109°18′E / 34.50°N 109.30°E / 34.50; 109.30
Shaanxi
8.0 MW800,000+Deadliest of all time.
July 25, 16681668 TanCheng earthquake34°18′N 118°36′E / 34.30°N 118.60°E / 34.30; 118.60
Tancheng County, Shandong
8.0 MW50,000+More than 50,000 people died during this earthquake..
June 1, 17861786 Kangding-Luding earthquake[3][4]No data
Sichuan
7.75 ML100,000+The earthquake triggered a landslide that formed an artificial mud dam which blocked the Dadu River. Ten days later, this dam was breached resulting in a catastrophic mudslide flooding estimated to have taken the lives of over 100,000 people.
July 1, 18791879 Gansu earthquake33°12′N 104°42′E / 33.2°N 104.7°E / 33.2; 104.7
Gansu
8.0 Ms22,000
December 16, 19201920 Haiyuan earthquake36°30′N 105°42′E / 36.50°N 105.70°E / 36.50; 105.70
Haiyuan County, Ningxia
7.8 ML234,1174th deadliest earthquake of all time.
March 16, 19251925 Dali earthquake25°42′N 100°24′E / 25.7°N 100.4°E / 25.7; 100.4
Dali, Yunnan
7.0 Ms5,000
May 22, 19271927 Gulang earthquake37°23′N 102°19′E / 37.39°N 102.31°E / 37.39; 102.31 Gulang County, Gansu7.6 Mw40,900
August 10, 19311931 Fuyun earthquake[5]47°06′N 89°48′E / 47.1°N 89.8°E / 47.1; 89.8 Fuyun County, Xinjiang8.0 MwUnknown
December 25, 19321932 Changma earthquake39°42′N 96°42′E / 39.7°N 96.7°E / 39.7; 96.77.6 Ms275
August 25, 19331933 Diexi earthquake32°00′N 103°42′E / 32.0°N 103.7°E / 32.0; 103.7
Mao County, Sichuan
7.5 MS9,000
August 15, 19501950 Assam – Tibet earthquake[6]Rima, Zayü County, Tibet8.61,526
No data1955 Kangding earthquakeNo dataNo data
September 23, 19551955 Yuzha earthquake6.8 MS728
March 8, 19661966 Xingtai earthquake[7]37°04′N 114°29′E / 37.067°N 114.483°E / 37.067; 114.483 Xingtai, Hebei7.28,064
January 4, 19701970 Tonghai earthquakeNo data
Tonghai County, Yunnan
7.3 MS15,621
February 6, 19731973 Luhuo earthquake7.5 MS [8]2,175
May 10, 19741974 Zhaotong earthquake28°12′N 104°00′E / 28.2°N 104.0°E / 28.2; 104.0
Zhaotong, Yunnan
6.820,000[9]
February 4, 19751975 Haicheng earthquakeNo data
Haicheng, Liaoning
7.3 MS1,328Many lives were saved as a result of evacuations ordered by seismologists who predicted the quake the day before.
July 28, 19761976 Tangshan earthquakeNo data
Tangshan, Hebei
7.5 MW242,4193rd deadliest earthquake of all time.
August 16, 19761976 Songpan-Pingwu earthquakeNo data
Sichuan
7.2 MS41
February 14, 19801980 Yecheng, Xinjiang earthquake36°24′N 76°54′E / 36.4°N 76.9°E / 36.4; 76.96.0 MBunknown
January 23, 19811981 Dawu earthquake30°56′N 101°06′E / 30.93°N 101.10°E / 30.93; 101.106.8 ML150+
February 3, 19961996 Lijiang earthquakeNo data
Lijiang, Yunnan
7.0 MS200
November 14, 20012001 Kunlun earthquake36°07′N 90°32′E / 36.12°N 90.54°E / 36.12; 90.54
Qinghai
7.8 MWNone
February 24, 20032003 Bachu earthquake39°37′N 77°14′E / 39.61°N 77.24°E / 39.61; 77.24
Maralbexi (Bachu) County, Xinjiang
6.3 MW261
November 26, 20052005 Ruichang earthquake29°39′25″N 115°43′01″E / 29.657°N 115.717°E / 29.657; 115.717
Ruichang, Jiangxi
5.2 to 5.7 MS14
July 22, 20062006 Yanjin earthquake27°59′31″N 104°12′54″E / 27.992°N 104.215°E / 27.992; 104.215
Yunnan
5.2 MW19Damaged local railroad tracks including Neijiang-Kunming line.
May 12, 20082008 Sichuan earthquake31°01′16″N 103°22′01″E / 31.021°N 103.367°E / 31.021; 103.367
Wenchuan County, Sichuan
7.9 MW68,712The deadliest earthquake in China since the 1976 Tangshan earthquake and the strongest since the 1950 Chayu earthquake. The prefecture-level divisions of Mianyang, Ngawa, Deyang, Guangyuan, and Chengdu suffered the most loss of lives. Most of the buildings that collapsed were in rural areas and did not adhere to building codes. At least 4.8 million people were rendered homeless. All highways into Wenchuan, the epicentre, were damaged by the quake, delaying the arrival of relief troops.
August 30, 20082008 Panzhihua earthquake26°12′N 101°54′E / 26.2°N 101.9°E / 26.2; 101.9
Sichuan
5.7 MW41
August 19 to September 3, 20082008 Yingjiang earthquakes24°54′N 97°48′E / 24.9°N 97.8°E / 24.9; 97.8
Yunnan
4.1 to 5.9 MS5
January 25, 20092009 Xinjiang earthquake43°18′N 80°54′E / 43.3°N 80.9°E / 43.3; 80.9
Xinjiang
5.0 MWNone
April 14, 20102010 Yushu earthquake33°18′N 96°42′E / 33.3°N 96.7°E / 33.3; 96.7
Yushu, Qinghai
6.9 MW2,698
March 10, 20112011 Yunnan earthquake24°42′36″N 97°59′38″E / 24.710°N 97.994°E / 24.710; 97.994
Yingjiang County, Yunnan
5.4 MW26
May 28, 20122012 Tangshan earthquakeNo data
Hebei
4.8.Mw0?
June 30, 20122012 Xinjiang earthquake43°34′N 84°45′E / 43.56°N 84.75°E / 43.56; 84.75
Xinjiang
6.3 Mw0?
September 7, 20122012 Yunnan earthquakes27°34′55″N 103°59′24″E / 27.582°N 103.990°E / 27.582; 103.990
Yiliang County, Zhaotong, Yunnan
5.6 Mw81+
March 3, 20132013 Yunnan earthquakes25°55′08″N 99°43′30″E / 25.919°N 99.725°E / 25.919; 99.725
Dali, Yunnan
5.5 Mw0There were 30 injuries, out of which three people were severely injured. 2500 houses were damaged and 700 houses collapsed.
April 20, 20132013 Ya'an earthquake30°17′02″N 102°57′22″E / 30.284°N 102.956°E / 30.284; 102.956
Lushan County, Sichuan
6.9261[10]
August 31, 20132013 Yunnan earthquake28°13′12″N 99°20′35″E / 28.220°N 99.343°E / 28.220; 99.343
Deqen, Yunnan
5.8 Mw5According to the China Earthquake Information Center five people died and 17 were injured in Shangri-La and Deqen counties. The quake destroyed 600 and damaged 55500 residential units, more than 9000 residents were forced to relocate.


See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ NGDC. "Comments for the Significant Earthquake". Retrieved October 29, 2010. 
  2. ^ Ruins of Earthquakes Virtual Museum
  3. ^ Schuster, R.L. and G. F. Wieczorek, "Landslide triggers and types" in Landslides: Proceedings of the First European Conference on Landslides 2002 A.A. Balkema Publishers. p.66 [1]
  4. ^ "The 1786 earthquake-triggered landslide dam and subsequent dam-break flood on the Dadu River, southwestern China". Retrieved October 9, 2009. 
  5. ^ Magnitude 8 and Greater Earthquakes Since 1900 by USGS.gov. Retrieved June 7, 2013.
  6. ^ "10 Greatest Earthquakes in China in 20th Century". Ningxia Daily website (in Chinese). May 15, 2008. Retrieved June 2, 2008. 
  7. ^ Major earthquakes on Chinese mainland since 1966. Website of the Consulate General of the People's Republic of China in Houston, USA
  8. ^ Zhou, H.; Allen, C. R.; Kanamori, H. (1983). "Rupture complexity of the 1970 Tonghai and 1973 Luhuo earthquakes, China, from P-wave inversion, and relationship to surface faulting". Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America (Seismological Society of America) 73 (4): 1585–1597. 
  9. ^ http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/world/world_deaths.php
  10. ^ "Quake kills at least 157, injures more than 5,700 in China". NBC News. Retrieved 20 April 2013.