List of earthquakes in Australia

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This is a list of significant earthquakes recorded within Australia and its territories. Unless otherwise stated, this list uses the Richter magnitude scale, as most reports use this scale. The currency used is the Australian dollar (A$) unless noted otherwise.

Contents

List of earthquakes

LocationDateMagnitudeEffects & DamageNotes & references
Newcastle, New South Wales01842-10-2828 October 1842UnknownCaused alarm in Newcastle.[1]
Newcastle, New South Wales01868-06-1818 June 1868UnknownDamage in Hunter Street and the Newcastle suburbs of The Hill and Wallsend (then known as Pitt Town).[2]
Gayndah, Queensland01883-08-2828 August 18835.9Caused major damage in the Gayndah region.[3]
Tasman Sea, Tasmania and Victoria01884-07-1313 July 18846.4Offshore quakeFelt in Tasmania and in eastern Victoria[4]
Tasman Sea, Tasmania and Victoria01885-05-1212 May 18856.8Offshore quakeFelt in Tasmania and in eastern Victoria[4]
Yass, New South Wales/ACT01886-11-1515 November 18865.5 (estimated)Damage caused in Yass, felt strongly in Queanbeyan.[5]
Tasman Sea, Tasmania and Victoria01892-01-2626 January 18926.9Offshore earthquake, felt in Launceston. This was the strongest quake in a sequence of hundreds in the Tasman Sea between 1883 and 1892[4][6]
Beachport - Robe, South Australia01897-05-1010 May 18976.5Several serious and numerous minor injuries. Severe damage to homes, buildings, power lines, and railways.The epicentre was offshore from Beachport and Robe. Most of the buildings in Beachport and Robe were destroyed. Kingston and Mount Gambier experienced severe damage to many buildings. In Adelaide, widespread panic lead to several minor injuries in crowded areas, and structural damage was caused to many buildings, including Parliament House.[7]
Warooka, South Australia01902-09-1919 September 19026.02 deaths by heart-attack have been attributed to this earthquake.Significant damage to the township of Warooka.[8]
Warrnambool, Victoria01903-07-1414 July 19035.3Extensive minor damage in Warrnambool
Indian Ocean, Western Australia01906-11-1919 November 19067.6Bottles fell off shelves in Carnarvon, 500 kilometres (311 mi) away.Felt at Albany, Western Australia, 1,700 kilometres (1,056 mi) away. Strongest earthquake recorded in an Australian territory.[9]
Bundaberg - Rockhampton, Queensland01918-06-077 June 19186.0Caused "serious damage" to Rockhampton, Bundaberg and Gladstone.Offshore earthquake.[10]
Boolaroo, New South Wales01925-12-1818 December 19255.3Damage and panic in Hunter Street (particularly at the Theatre Royal).[11]
Gunning, New South Wales01934-11-1515 November 19345.6Damaged a majority of the buildings in Gunning.The quake was felt strongly in Canberra.[5]
Gayndah, Queensland01935-04-1212 April 19355.4Caused considerable damage to the town of Gayndah. One fatality[12][13]
Meeberrie, Western Australia01941-04-2929 April 19417.2Severe shaking, burst water tanks and cracked ground at Meeberrie homestead. Minor damage reported in Perth, 500 kilometres (311 mi) away.Strongest onshore earthquake recorded in Australia.[14]
Launceston, Tasmania01946-09-1515 September 19466.2Offshore earthquake[4][15]
Dalton and Gunning, New South Wales01949-03-1010 March 19495.5Significant damage in Dalton and Gunning, minor cracks in some buildings in Canberra.This quake was felt from Sydney in the north to Narooma and Cooma in the south.[5][16]
Adelaide, South Australia01954-03-011 March 19545.5
8 MM
Damage totaling $90 million.Widespread minor damage. Considerable damage to many buildings.[17]
Gabalong, Western Australia01955-08-3030 August 19555.8Felt in PerthEpicentre near Gabalong, about 30 km east of Moora and 200 km NNE of Perth[18][19]
Robertson and Bowral, New South Wales01961-05-2121 May 19615.6$4.1 million [20]Damage was caused in Moss Vale, Bowral and Robertson.[21]
Meckering, Western Australia01968-10-1414 October 19686.920 injuries, no deaths.
60 buildings destroyed.[citation needed] Minor damage in Perth. Total damage $5 million.
In Perth, 130 kilometres (81 mi) away, buildings were reported to have swayed for up to 3 minutes following the quake, which is the second strongest onshore earthquake recorded in Australia. The quake was felt up to 700 kilometres (435 mi) from the epicentre.[22]
Boolarra, Victoria01969-06-2020 June 19695.3Cracked walls and stacked chimneys in and around epicentric area, felt in central and eastern Victoria including Geelong, Benalla and Orbost and on Flinders Island.[23]
Calingiri, Western Australia01970-03-1010 March 19705.9No damage reportedThis quake was significant in that it was one of only five earthquakes recorded in Australia to have caused surface faulting. It was believed at the time to be related to the 1968 Meckering earthquake, but no connection has yet been demonstrated.[24]
Canning Basin, Western Australia01970-03-2424 March 19706.7Little damage due to the remoteness of the areaPart of a sequence of c. 25 quakes of magnitude 5.0 or greater in the Canning Basin area of northern Western Australia between 1970 and 1982[25]
Canning Basin, Western Australia01971-07-1616 July 19716.4Part of a sequence of c. 25 quakes of magnitude 5.0 or greater in the Canning Basin area of northern Western Australia between 1970 and 1982[25]
Picton, New South Wales01973-03-099 March 19735.6Damage totaling $2.8 million.[26]Minor damage in Picton, Bowral and Wollongong.[26]
Canning Basin, Western Australia01975-10-033 October 19756.2Part of a sequence of c. 25 quakes of magnitude 5.0 or greater in the Canning Basin area of northern Western Australia between 1970 and 1982[25]
Balliang, Victoria01977-12-022 December 19774.7Felt strongly in Geelong and across the suburbs of Melbourne, caused minor damage in the Anakie area.[27]
Cadoux, Western Australia01979-06-022 June 19796.1No injuries.
25 buildings in Cadoux were damaged. Damage cost $3.8 million.
Perth, 180 kilometres (112 mi) away experienced some swaying of tall buildings but no damage was reported. This was one of the largest onshore earthquakes recorded in Australia.[28]
Wonnangatta, Victoria01982-11-2121 November 19825.4The epicentre of this quake was in the remote Wonnangatta Valley, along the Wonnangatta Fault; the quake was mostly felt widely in Eastern Victoria and South Eastern New South Wales and throughout Melbourne and its South Eastern suburbs but not in Geelong.[29]
Marryat Creek, Northern Territory01986-03-3030 March 19865.9Damage was minor, cracked walls observed in DeRose Hill and Victory Downs stations.Felt in Alice Springs 300 kilometres (186 mi) to the north, and Coober Pedy 350 kilometres (217 mi) to the south.[30]
Tennant Creek, Northern Territory01988-01-2222 January 19886.3 - 6.7Two buildings and 3 other structures damaged, damage caused to natural gas pipeline. Total damage $2.5 million.Three earthquakes of between 6.3 and 6.7 on the Richter scale. Remarkably caused little damage, despite the intensity of the quake. Felt in high-rise buildings as far away as Perth and Adelaide[31][32]
Uluru, Northern Territory01989-05-2828 May 19895.7Minor damage was reported at Yulara resort[33]
Newcastle, New South Wales01989-12-2828 December 19895.613 fatalities, 160 people hospitalised, 300,000 people affected.
50,000 homes damaged, 300 buildings demolished.
Damage estimated at $4 billion.
To date the most destructive earthquake recorded in Australia, damaging over 50,000 buildings and shutting down the Newcastle CBD for two weeks. Effects of the earthquake were felt over 200,000 square kilometres (77,220 sq mi) up to 800 kilometres (497 mi) away.[34]
Arnhem Land, Northern Territory01992-09-3030 September 19925.1No damage reportedFelt in Nhulunbuy, Maningrida and Milingimbi. The crew of HMAS Moresby, anchored in Maningrida at the time, felt the quake strongly
Banda Sea01994-01-044 January 19946.8No injuries, 20 buildings damaged, minor damage to old homes, all in Darwin.Offshore earthquake in the Banda Sea, north of Darwin.[35]
Ellalong, New South Wales01994-08-066 August 19945.45 people injured
1,000 homes and 50 other buildings damaged,
Total damage $36 million.
Some buildings badly damaged.[36]
Mount Baw Baw, Victoria01996-09-2525 September 19965.0Thomson Dam region. No major damage[37]
Burra, South Australia01997-03-055 March 19975.0No major damageFelt over a wide area.
Collier Bay, Western Australia01997-08-1010 August 19976.3 MwNo major damageFelt from Broome to Halls Creek and Kununurra. Strongest earthquake recorded in Australia since the 1988 Tennant Creek earthquake.
Appin, New South Wales, southwest of Sydney01999-03-1717 March 19994.865 kilometres (40 mi) southwest of Sydney, New South WalesDepth only 3.2km. Felt in Sydney and caused 1000 homes to lose power. [38]
Southern Ocean, southwest of Tasmania01999-12-1616 December 19995.8Offshore1,000 kilometres (621 mi) southwest of Hobart[39]
Cocos Islands02000-06-1818 June 20007.5 MwOffshore, felt on Cocos Islands but no damage was reported180 kilometres (112 mi) southeast of Cocos Islands[40]
Boolarra, Victoria02000-08-2929 August 20005.0caused minor damageFelt strongly throughout Gippsland and South Eastern Suburbs of Melbourne.
Indian Ocean, Northwest of Western Australia02000-10-1111 October 20005.5OffshoreThis quake occurred approximately 230 kilometres (143 mi) northwest of Exmouth[40]
Southern Ocean, south of Western Australia02000-12-2525 December 20005.7OffshoreThis quake occurred approximately 860 kilometres (534 mi) south of Albany[40]
Burakin, Western Australia02001-09-2828 September 20015.1No damage reportedThis quake occurred 20 kilometres (12 mi) from Burakin, approximately 190 kilometres (118 mi) northeast of Perth[41]
Swan Hill, Victoria02001-10-2727 October 20014.8felt in Swan Hill near VIC–NSW border, Minor damage including fallen chimneys and fallen shelve items.
Southern Ocean south of Western Australia02001-12-1212 December 20017.0 MwOffshore, felt in Albany and Esperance1,020 kilometres (634 mi) south of Esperance[41]
Southern Ocean, North of Macquarie Island02004-12-2323 December 20048.1 MwOffshore, felt in Tasmania and New Zealand500 kilometres (311 mi) north of Macquarie Island, 1,300 kilometres (808 mi) south of Hobart[42]
Strahan, Tasmania02006-12-1414 December 20065.0Offshore[43]
Korumburra, Victoria02009-03-066 March 2009 & 02009-03-1818 March 20094.7 & 4.7felt widely across Melbourne [44]
Darwin02010-03-2626 March 20105.5epicentre 600 km NW of Darwin, felt in Darwin, but no damage reported
Kalgoorlie-Boulder02010-04-2020 April 20105.0In the earthquake numerous buildings damaged, mainly in Boulder, two people were injured.[45]Strongest earthquake in the Goldfields region of Western Australia for 50 years.
Cleve02010-06-055 June 2010magnitude 5.0felt at Port Lincoln and Whyalla.[46]
Banda Sea02011-04-1313 April 20117.1Felt in Darwin.Offshore earthquake in the Banda Sea, north of Darwin
Queensland02011-04-1414 April 20115.2Epicentre between Ayr and Bowen.An earthquake of near this magnitude occurs usually once or twice a decade in Queensland.[47]
Indian Ocean, west of Western Australia02011-04-1717 April 20115.2Offshore522 km (324 mi) west of Port Headland.[48]
Indian Ocean, northwest of Western Australia02011-12-066 December 20115.1Offshore370 kilometres north-north-east of Carnarvon[49]
Pukatja-Ernabella, South Australia02012-03-2323 March 20125.7Strongest earthquake recorded on the mainland since the 1997 Collier Bay earthquake. Strong shaking was reported by remote Aboriginal communities, but there was no reports of damage.[50]Earthquake occurred in a remote area near the South Australian border with the Northern Territory, 320 kilometres south-south-west of Alice Springs[51]
10 km south west of Moe, Victoria02012-06-1919 June 20125.4[52][53]OnshoreStrongest earthquake recorded in Victoria since 1982, felt widely across south eastern, north eastern, and parts of western and central Victoria, as well as southern New South Wales. It was felt strongly in Melbourne. Some damage reported in the Latrobe Valley, particularly in Moe and Morwell.

It was felt as far away as Bendigo. [54]

Other significant earthquakes

See also

References

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External links