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This page lists diplomatic missions accredited to the Holy See, the government of the Catholic Church and the temporal ruler of the Vatican City. Eighty countries currently maintain embassies to the Holy See. The Vatican City State, over which the Holy See is sovereign, is the smallest independent nation in the world and its size renders any resident diplomatic community impractical. Therefore, all embassies to the Holy See are located in Rome making Vatican City one of only two sovereign states, the other being Liechtenstein, with no resident embassies located within its territory.
The Holy See does not permit a single ambassador to be accredited to both the Church and Italy simultaneously. Thus, embassies from countries that do not maintain a separate mission to the Holy See are accredited from Bern and other European capitals.
Embassies to the Holy See usually do not maintain consular sections, allowing their other embassy in Rome or another elsewhere to provide services to those holding passports issued by the Holy See.