List of designated terrorist organizations

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This is a list of designated terrorist organizations by national governments, former governments and inter-governmental organizations, where the proscription has a significant impact on the group's activities. Many organizations that are accused of being a terrorist organization deny using terrorism as a military tactic to achieve their goals, and there is no international consensus on the legal definition of terrorism.[1][2]

This listing does not include unaffiliated individuals accused of terrorism, which are considered under lone wolf terrorism. This list also excludes groups that might be widely considered terrorist, but who are not officially so designated according to the criteria specified above.

This list is not all inclusive. For more inclusive lists, including people, entities (corporations), and specific vehicles, refer to lists under Process of designation.

Organizations currently officially designated as terrorist by various governments[edit]

OrganizationAUS

Flag of Australia.svg

CAN

Flag of Canada.svg

EGY

Flag of Egypt.svg

EU

Flag of Europe.svg

IND

Flag of India.svg

IRN

Flag of Iran.svg

KZ

Flag of Kazakhstan.svg

KSA

Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg

PRC

Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg

RUS

Flag of Russia.svg

TUN

Flag of Tunisia.svg

TUR

Flag of Turkey.svg

UK

Flag of the United Kingdom.svg

UN

Flag of the United Nations.svg

US

Flag of the United States.svg

Abdullah Azzam BrigadesSymbol confirmed.svg[3]
Abu Nidal OrganizationSymbol confirmed.svg[4]Symbol confirmed.svg[5]Symbol confirmed.svg[6]Symbol confirmed.svg[3]
Flag of Jihad.svgAbu SayyafSymbol confirmed.svg[7]Symbol confirmed.svg[4]Symbol confirmed.svg[6]Symbol confirmed.svg[3]
Aden-Abyan Islamic ArmySymbol confirmed.svg[4]Symbol confirmed.svg[6]
Akhil Bharat Nepali Ekta SamajSymbol confirmed.svg[8]
al-Aqsa FoundationSymbol confirmed.svg[5]
al-Aqsa Martyrs' BrigadesSymbol confirmed.svg[4]Symbol confirmed.svg[5]Symbol confirmed.svg[3]
Al-badr flag.pngAl-BadrSymbol confirmed.svg[8]
al-Gama'a al-IslamiyyaSymbol confirmed.svg[4]Symbol confirmed.svg[5]Symbol confirmed.svg[9]Symbol confirmed.svg[6]Symbol confirmed.svg[3]
Al GhurabaaSymbol confirmed.svg[6]
al-Haramain FoundationSymbol confirmed.svg[9]
Flag of Jihad.svgAl-Itihaad al-IslamiyaSymbol confirmed.svg[4]Symbol confirmed.svg[6]
Al-MourabitounSymbol confirmed.svg[10]
Flag of Jabhat al-Nusra.jpgAl-Nusra FrontSymbol confirmed.svg[7]Symbol confirmed.svg[11]Symbol confirmed.svg[12][13]Symbol confirmed.svg[6]Symbol confirmed.svg[14]Symbol confirmed.svg[15]
al-QaedaSymbol confirmed.svg[7]Symbol confirmed.svg[4]Symbol confirmed.svg[16]Symbol confirmed.svg[8]Symbol confirmed.svg[17]Symbol confirmed.svg[9]Symbol confirmed.svg[6]Symbol confirmed.svg[18]Symbol confirmed.svg[3]
ShababFlag.svgal-Qaeda in the Arabian PeninsulaSymbol confirmed.svg[7]Symbol confirmed.svg[4]Symbol confirmed.svg[19]Symbol confirmed.svg[3]
Flag of Jihad.svgal-Qaeda in the Islamic MaghrebSymbol confirmed.svg[7]Symbol confirmed.svg[4]Symbol confirmed.svg[9]Symbol confirmed.svg[3]
ShababFlag.svgAl-ShabaabSymbol confirmed.svg[7]Symbol confirmed.svg[4]Symbol confirmed.svg[6]Symbol confirmed.svg[3]
Takfir wal-HijraSymbol confirmed.svg[5]
Al-Umar-MujahideenSymbol confirmed.svg[8]
In tpdf.gifAll Tripura Tiger ForceSymbol confirmed.svg[8]
Ansar al-Sharia (Tunisia)Symbol confirmed.svg[20]Symbol confirmed.svg[20]
Flag of Ansar al-Islam.svgAnsar al-IslamSymbol confirmed.svg[7]Symbol confirmed.svg[4]Symbol confirmed.svg[6]Symbol confirmed.svg[3]
Jamaat Ansar al-SunnaSymbol confirmed.svg[6]
ShababFlag.svgAnsar Bait al-MaqdisSymbol confirmed.svg[21]Symbol confirmed.svg[10]Symbol confirmed.svg[3]
ShababFlag.svgAnsar DineSymbol confirmed.svg[22]
Flag of Ansaru.svgAnsaruSymbol confirmed.svg[6]Symbol confirmed.svg[23]
Armed Islamic Group of AlgeriaSymbol confirmed.svg[4]Symbol confirmed.svg[6]
Army of IslamSymbol confirmed.svg[3]
Osbat al-AnsarSymbol confirmed.svg[4]Symbol confirmed.svg[9]Symbol confirmed.svg[6]Symbol confirmed.svg[3]
Aum ShinrikyoSymbol confirmed.svg[4]Symbol confirmed.svg[24]Symbol confirmed.svg[3]
Babbar Khalsa InternationalSymbol confirmed.svg[4]Symbol confirmed.svg[5]Symbol confirmed.svg[8]Symbol confirmed.svg[6]
Flag of the Balochistan Liberation Army.svgBalochistan Liberation ArmySymbol confirmed.svg[6]
Logo of Boko Haram.svgBoko HaramSymbol confirmed.svg[4]Symbol confirmed.svg[6]Symbol confirmed.svg[25]Symbol confirmed.svg[23]
Flag of Caucasian Emirate.svgCaucasus EmirateSymbol confirmed.svg[4]Symbol confirmed.svg[9]Symbol confirmed.svg[6]Symbol confirmed.svg[26]
South Asian Communist Banner.svgCommunist Party of India (Maoist)Symbol confirmed.svg[8]
Communist Party of India (Marxist–Leninist)Symbol confirmed.svg[8]
NPA.pngCommunist Party of the Philippines/
New People's Army
Symbol confirmed.svg[5]Symbol confirmed.svg[3]
Communist Party of Turkey/Marxist–LeninistSymbol confirmed.svg[27]
Conspiracy of Fire NucleiSymbol confirmed.svg[28]
Continuity Irish Republican ArmySymbol confirmed.svg[6]Symbol confirmed.svg[3]
Cumann na mBanSymbol confirmed.svg[6]
Deendar AnjumanSymbol confirmed.svg[8]
Dukhtaran-e-MillatSymbol confirmed.svg[8]
East Turkestan Information CenterSymbol confirmed.svg[29]
Flag of Turkistan Islamic Party.jpgEast Turkestan Islamic MovementSymbol confirmed.svg[29]Symbol confirmed.svg[30]
The Flag of East Turkistan Republic.pngEast Turkestan Liberation OrganizationSymbol confirmed.svg[24]Symbol confirmed.svg[29]
Egyptian Islamic JihadSymbol confirmed.svg[4]Symbol confirmed.svg[9]Symbol confirmed.svg[6]
El Kaide Terör Örgütü Türkiye YapılanmasıSymbol confirmed.svg[27]
ErgenekonSymbol confirmed.svg[27]
ETASymbol confirmed.svg[4]Symbol confirmed.svg[5]Symbol confirmed.svg[6]Symbol confirmed.svg[3]
Sunburst Flag.svgFianna ÉireannSymbol confirmed.svg[6]
IBDA-C.svgGreat Eastern Islamic Raiders' FrontSymbol confirmed.svg[5]Symbol confirmed.svg[27]
Flag of Hamas.svgHamasSymbol confirmed.svg[4]Symbol confirmed.svg[31]Symbol confirmed.svg[5]Symbol confirmed.svg[3]
Flag of Hamas.svgIzz ad-Din al-Qassam BrigadesSymbol confirmed.svg[7]Symbol confirmed.svg[5]
Haqqani networkSymbol confirmed.svg[3]
Flag of Jihad.svgHarkat-ul-Jihad al-IslamiSymbol confirmed.svg[6]Symbol confirmed.svg[3]
Harkat-al-Jihad al-Islami in BangladeshSymbol confirmed.svg[6]Symbol confirmed.svg[3]
Flag of Harkat-ul-Mujahideen.svgHarkat-ul-MujahideenSymbol confirmed.svg[4]Symbol confirmed.svg[8]Symbol confirmed.svg[6]Symbol confirmed.svg[3]
Flag of Harkat-ul-Mujahideen.svgHarakat-Ul-Mujahideen/AlamiSymbol confirmed.svg[6]
Hezbi Islami.svgHezb-e Islami GulbuddinSymbol confirmed.svg[4]Symbol confirmed.svg[6]
HezbollahSymbol confirmed.svg[4]Symbol confirmed.svg[32][33]Symbol confirmed.svg[27]Symbol confirmed.svg[34]Symbol confirmed.svg[3]
Hezbollah (Military Wing)Symbol confirmed.svg[35]Symbol confirmed.svg[34]
Hezbollah (External Security Organisation)Symbol confirmed.svg[7]Symbol confirmed.svg[4]Symbol confirmed.svg[6]
Logo of Hezbollah Al-Hejaz.svgHezbollah Al-HejazSymbol confirmed.svg[19]
Hilafet DevletiSymbol confirmed.svg[27]
Hizb ut-TahrirSymbol confirmed.svg[9]
Hizbul MujahideenSymbol confirmed.svg[5]Symbol confirmed.svg[8]
Hofstad NetworkSymbol confirmed.svg[5]
Holy Land Foundation
for Relief and Development
Symbol confirmed.svg[5]
HouthisSymbol confirmed.svg[11]
Indian MujahideenSymbol confirmed.svg[8]Symbol confirmed.svg[3]
International Sikh Youth FederationSymbol confirmed.svg[4]Symbol confirmed.svg[5]Symbol confirmed.svg[8]Symbol confirmed.svg[6]
StarryPlough.svgIrish National Liberation ArmySymbol confirmed.svg[6]
Irish People's Liberation OrganisationSymbol confirmed.svg[6]
Islamic Jihad - Jamaat MujahideenSymbol confirmed.svg[9]
Islamic Jihad UnionSymbol confirmed.svg[6]Symbol confirmed.svg[3]
Flag of Jihad.svgIslamic Movement of UzbekistanSymbol confirmed.svg[7]Symbol confirmed.svg[4]Symbol confirmed.svg[9]Symbol confirmed.svg[6]Symbol confirmed.svg[3]
Flag of Islamic State of Iraq.svgIslamic State of Iraq and the LevantSymbol confirmed.svg[7]Symbol confirmed.svg[4]Symbol confirmed.svg[11]Symbol confirmed.svg[14]Symbol confirmed.svg[3]
Jaishi-e-Mohammed.svgJaish-e-MohammedSymbol confirmed.svg[7]Symbol confirmed.svg[4]Symbol confirmed.svg[8]Symbol confirmed.svg[6]Symbol confirmed.svg[3]
Jamaat Ul-FurquanSymbol confirmed.svg[6]
Jamaat-ul-Mujahideen BangladeshSymbol confirmed.svg[8]Symbol confirmed.svg[6]
Jamiat al-Islah al-IdzhtimaiSymbol confirmed.svg[9]
Jamiat ul-AnsarSymbol confirmed.svg[7]
Flag of Jamiat-e Islami.svgJamiat-e IslamiSymbol confirmed.svg[9]
Jemaah IslamiyahSymbol confirmed.svg[7]Symbol confirmed.svg[4]Symbol confirmed.svg[6]Symbol confirmed.svg[3]
Jamaah Ansharut TauhidSymbol confirmed.svg[3]
Jund al-ShamSymbol confirmed.svg[9]
JundallahSymbol confirmed.svg[36]Symbol confirmed.svg[3]
Flag of Kach and Kahane Chai.svgKach and Kahane ChaiSymbol confirmed.svg[4]Symbol confirmed.svg[3]
Kangleipak Communist PartySymbol confirmed.svg[8]
Kanglei Yawol Kanna LupSymbol confirmed.svg[8]
Kata'ib Hezbollah flag.svgKata'ib HezbollahSymbol confirmed.svg[3]
Khalistan Commando ForceSymbol confirmed.svg[8]
Khalistan Zindabad ForceSymbol confirmed.svg[5]Symbol confirmed.svg[8]
Khuddam ul-IslamSymbol confirmed.svg[6]
KomalahSymbol confirmed.svg[37][38]
PDK Bakur.pngKurdistan Democratic Party/NorthSymbol confirmed.svg[27]
Kurdistan Freedom FalconsSymbol confirmed.svg[5]Symbol confirmed.svg[6]
Flag of Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK).svgKurdistan Workers' PartySymbol confirmed.svg[7]Symbol confirmed.svg[4]Symbol confirmed.svg[5]Symbol confirmed.svg[39]Symbol confirmed.svg[27]Symbol confirmed.svg[6]Symbol confirmed.svg[3]
Flag of Lashkar-e-Taiba.svgLashkar-e-TaibaSymbol confirmed.svg[7]Symbol confirmed.svg[4]Symbol confirmed.svg[8]Symbol confirmed.svg[9]Symbol confirmed.svg[6]Symbol confirmed.svg[3]
Lashkar-e-JhangviSymbol confirmed.svg[7]Symbol confirmed.svg[4]Symbol confirmed.svg[6]Symbol confirmed.svg[3]
Flag of Tamil Eelam.svgLiberation Tigers of Tamil EelamSymbol confirmed.svg[40]Symbol confirmed.svg[4]Symbol confirmed.svg[5]Symbol confirmed.svg[8]Symbol confirmed.svg[6]Symbol confirmed.svg[3]
Libyan Islamic Fighting GroupSymbol confirmed.svg[6]Symbol confirmed.svg[3]
Loyalist Volunteer ForceSymbol confirmed.svg[6]
Manipur People’s Liberation FrontSymbol confirmed.svg[8]
Maoist Communist Centre of IndiaSymbol confirmed.svg[8]
Mlkpbanner.PNGMarxist–Leninist Communist PartySymbol confirmed.svg[27]
Moroccan Islamic Combatant GroupSymbol confirmed.svg[6]Symbol confirmed.svg[3]
Muslim Brotherhood Emblem.jpgMuslim BrotherhoodSymbol confirmed.svg[41]Symbol confirmed.svg[11]Symbol confirmed.svg[42]
Front Nacional Democratic Bodoland.svgNational Democratic Front of BodolandSymbol confirmed.svg[8]
Flag of ELN.svgNational Liberation ArmySymbol confirmed.svg[4]Symbol confirmed.svg[5]Symbol confirmed.svg[3]
National Liberation Front of TripuraSymbol confirmed.svg[8]
Orange VolunteersSymbol confirmed.svg[6]
Palestine Liberation FrontSymbol confirmed.svg[4]Symbol confirmed.svg[3]
Flag of the Islamic Jihad Movement in Palestine.svgIslamic Jihad Movement in PalestineSymbol confirmed.svg[7]Symbol confirmed.svg[4]Symbol confirmed.svg[5]Symbol confirmed.svg[6]Symbol confirmed.svg[3]
Drapeau du Parti pour une vie libre au Kurdistan - PJAK.pngParty of Free Life of KurdistanSymbol confirmed.svg[43]
People's Congress of Ichkeria and DagestanSymbol confirmed.svg[9]
Bandera FPRM Manipur.pngPeople's Liberation Army of ManipurSymbol confirmed.svg[8]
People's Mujahedin of IranSymbol confirmed.svg[44]
People's Revolutionary Party of KangleipakSymbol confirmed.svg[8]
Popular Front for the Liberation of PalestineSymbol confirmed.svg[4]Symbol confirmed.svg[5]Symbol confirmed.svg[3]
PFLP-GC Flag.svgPopular Front for the Liberation of Palestine – General CommandSymbol confirmed.svg[4]Symbol confirmed.svg[5]Symbol confirmed.svg[3]
Provisional Irish Republican ArmySymbol confirmed.svg[6]Symbol confirmed.svg[45]
Real Irish Republican ArmySymbol confirmed.svg[6]Symbol confirmed.svg[3]
Red Hand CommandoSymbol confirmed.svg[6]
Red Hand DefendersSymbol confirmed.svg[6]
Flag of the FARC-EP.svgRevolutionary Armed Forces of ColombiaSymbol confirmed.svg[4]Symbol confirmed.svg[5]Symbol confirmed.svg[3]
Revolutionary Organization 17 NovemberSymbol confirmed.svg[46]Symbol confirmed.svg[3]
PSK.pngRevolutionary Party of KurdistanSymbol confirmed.svg[27]
Dhkp.svgRevolutionary People's Liberation Party–FrontSymbol confirmed.svg[5]Symbol confirmed.svg[27]Symbol confirmed.svg[6]Symbol confirmed.svg[3]
Revolutionary StruggleSymbol confirmed.svg[3]
Saor ÉireSymbol confirmed.svg[6]
The Saved SectSymbol confirmed.svg[6]
Tevhid-Selam (Al-Quds Army)Symbol confirmed.svg[27]
Flag of Sendero Luminoso.svgShining Path[47]Symbol confirmed.svg[4]Symbol confirmed.svg[5]Symbol confirmed.svg[3]
Sipah-e-Sahaba PakistanSymbol confirmed.svg[6]
Society of the Revival of Islamic HeritageSymbol confirmed.svg[9]
Stichting Al AqsaSymbol confirmed.svg[5]
Students Islamic Movement of IndiaSymbol confirmed.svg[8]
Supreme Military Majlis ul-Shura of the United Mujahideen Forces of CaucasusSymbol confirmed.svg[9]
Flag of Taliban.svgTalibanSymbol confirmed.svg[9]
Tnsm-flag.svgTehreek-e-Nafaz-e-Shariat-e-MohammadiSymbol confirmed.svg[6]
Tehrik-i-Taliban PakistanSymbol confirmed.svg[4]Symbol confirmed.svg[3]
Tamil Nadu Liberation ArmySymbol confirmed.svg[8]
Tamil National Retrieval TroopsSymbol confirmed.svg[8]
Flag of the Ulster Defence Association.svgUlster Defence AssociationSymbol confirmed.svg[6]
Flag of the Ulster Volunteer Force..svgUlster Volunteer ForceSymbol confirmed.svg[6]
Flag of United Liberation Front of Asom.svgUnited Liberation Front of AssamSymbol confirmed.svg[8]
Bandera UNLF.svgUnited National Liberation FrontSymbol confirmed.svg[8]
Flag of AUC.svgUnited Self-Defense Forces of ColombiaSymbol confirmed.svg[4]Symbol confirmed.svg[3]
Vanguards of ConquestSymbol confirmed.svg[4]
World Tamil MovementSymbol confirmed.svg[4]
Kokbayraq flag.svgWorld Uygur Youth CongressSymbol confirmed.svg[29]

Organizations officially designated as terrorist in the past[edit]

Below is the list of organizations that have officially been designated as terrorist in the past, by the respective parties, but have since been delisted.

OrganizationAUS

Flag of Australia.svg

CAN

Flag of Canada.svg

EU

Flag of Europe.svg

UK

Flag of the United Kingdom.svg

US

Flag of the United States.svg

IND

Flag of India.svg

RUS

Flag of Russia.svg

PRC

Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg

TUR

Flag of Turkey.svg

African National Congress Flag.svgAfrican National Congress1988-08[48] to 2008[49][50]
Aum Shinrikyo ? to 2011-07-18[5][51]
Flag of AUC.svgUnited Self-Defense Forces of Colombia ? to 2011-07-18[5][51]
Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine - Flag.svgDemocratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine1997-08-10 to 1999-08-10[3] ? to ?[citation needed]
Fatah Flag.svgFatah ? to ?[citation needed]
Hynniewtrep National Liberation Council2000-11-16[52] to 2011[8][53]
Flag of Kach and Kahane Chai.svgKach and Kahane Chai ? to 2010-07-12[54][55]
Japanese Red Army1997-10-08 to 2001-10-08[56]
Flag of Democratic Kampuchea.svgKhmer Rouge1997-10-08 to 1999-10-08[56]
FPMR Chile.SVGManuel Rodríguez Patriotic Front1997-10-08 to 1999-10-08[56]
Ir mohajedin.gifPeople's Mujahedin of Iran ? to 2012-12[citation needed] ? to 2010[57]1997-10-08 to 2012-09-28[3]
Palestine Liberation Front ? to 2010-07-12[54][55]
Flag of Palestine.svgPalestine Liberation Organization1988[58] to 1991[59]
Revolutionary Nuclei1997-08-10 to 2009-05-18[56]
Flag of the MRTA.svgTúpac Amaru Revolutionary Movement1997-08-10 to 2001-10-08[56]
South Asian Communist Banner.svgUnified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) ? to 2012-09-06[60]

Process of designation[edit]

Australia[edit]

Since 2002, the Australian Government maintains a Listing of terrorist organizations as per the Security Legislation Amendment (Terrorism) Act 2002.[7] Listing, de-listing and re-listing follows a protocol[7] that mainly involves the Australian Security Intelligence Organisation and the Attorney-General's Department.[61]

Canada[edit]

Since December 18, 2001, article 83.05 of the Canadian Criminal Code allows the Governor in Council to maintain a list of entities that are engaged in terrorism, facilitating it, or acting on behalf of such an entity.[62]

Entities are reviewed by the Minister and the Chief Justice of the Federal Court, and finally published in the Canada Gazette.[62] The list is also published on the website of Public Safety Canada.[63]

European Union[edit]

The European Union has two lists of designated terrorist organisations that provide for different sanctions for the two groups.[64]

India[edit]

Under the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act, the Ministry of Home Affairs maintains a list of banned organizations: List of organizations banned by the Government of India.[8]

People's Republic of China[edit]

The Ministry of Public Security maintains a list of terrorist organizations on its website mps.gov.cn. This list has been translated to English by the Embassy of the People's Republic of China in the USA at www.china-embassy.org.

Russia[edit]

Single federal list of organizations recognized as terrorist by the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation.[65]

Ukraine[edit]

In Ukraine, the Donetsk and Lugansk People's Republics are classified as terrorist organizations. Authorities claim that the two organizations are made up of a rigid hierarchy, financing channels and supply of weapons with the purpose of deliberately propagating violence, seizing hostages, carrying out subversive activity, assassinations, and the intimidation of citizens.[66]

UN 1267 regime list[edit]

Al-Qaeda, the Taliban and their associates.

The EU provides exceptions to the implementation of relevant asset-freezing sanctions per UN resolution 1452 (2002). Upon request, a competent national authority may determine to release funds on the following grounds if, within the time limit provided for, there has been no objection made, or a release has been explicitly approved, by the UN Sanctions Committee.

Autonomous list[edit]

All other designated organizations.

It is important to note that sanctions are only applicable to EU-external groups regardless of designation. For example, 47 groups are listed as terrorist organizations in the EU but sanctions are only applied to 27 of these. Member States do have an obligation to assist each other in preventing and combating terrorist acts but this is the only action that follows from the designation of an EU-internal organization.

United Kingdom[edit]

United States[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Williamson, Myra (2009). Terrorism, war and international law: the legality of the use of force against Afghanistan in 2001. Ashgate Publishing. p. 38. ISBN 978-0-7546-7403-0. 
  2. ^ Schmid, Alex P. (2011). "The Definition of Terrorism". The Routledge Handbook of Terrorism Research. Routledge. p. 39. ISBN 0-203-82873-9. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb "Foreign Terrorist Organizations". State.gov. 2012-09-28. Retrieved 2014-01-22. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as "Currently listed entities". Publicsafety.gc.ca. Retrieved 2014-01-22. 
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  13. ^ 3 Haziran 2014 Tarihli ve 29019 Sayılı Resmî Gazete (Turkish)
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  24. ^ a b East Turkistan Liberation Organization (ETLO) Globalsecurity.org
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  40. ^ [2][dead link]
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  46. ^ "Proscribed terrorist groups". British Home Office. May 7, 2010. 
  47. ^ 'Shining Path' (Spanish: Sendero Luminoso) is the name given by Peruvian mass media and government sources to the Maoist Communist Party of Peru.
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  52. ^ "Hynniewtrep National Liberation Council(HNLC)". Satp.org. Retrieved 2014-02-19. 
  53. ^ "Central panel seeks reply from Ulfa on ban - The Times of India". Articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com. 2011-01-14. Retrieved 2014-02-19. 
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