List of current heads of state and government

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This is a list of current heads of state and government, showing heads of state and heads of government where different, mainly in parliamentary systems; often a leader is both in presidential systems. Some states have semi-presidential systems where the head of government role is fulfilled by both the listed head of government and the head of state.

The list includes the names of the recently elected or appointed heads of state who will take office on an appointed date.

Member states and observers of the United Nations[edit]

Legend: Names in small font generally denote acting, transitional, temporary leaders or representatives. Other notes and exceptions are provided in the References section below.
StateHead of stateHead of government
 Afghanistan
 AlbaniaPresident - Bujar NishaniPrime Minister - Edi Rama
 AlgeriaPresident - Abdelaziz BouteflikaPrime Minister - Abdelmalek Sellal
 AndorraEpiscopal Co-Prince - Joan Enric Vives Sicília
Representative - Josep Maria Mauri
French Co-Prince - François Hollande[n 1]
Representative - Sylvie Hubac
Head of Government - Antoni Martí
 Angola
 Antigua and BarbudaQueen - Elizabeth II[n 2]
Governor-General - Rodney Williams
Prime Minister - Gaston Browne
 Argentina
 ArmeniaPresident - Serzh SargsyanPrime Minister - Hovik Abrahamyan
 AustraliaQueen - Elizabeth II[n 2]
Governor-General - Sir Peter Cosgrove
Prime Minister - Tony Abbott
 AustriaFederal President - Heinz FischerFederal Chancellor - Werner Faymann
 AzerbaijanPresident - Ilham AliyevPrime Minister - Artur Rasizade
 BahamasQueen - Elizabeth II[n 2]
Governor-General - Dame Marguerite Pindling
Prime Minister - Perry Christie
 BahrainKing - Sheikh Hamad bin Isa Al KhalifaPrime Minister - Prince Khalifa bin Salman Al Khalifa
 BangladeshPresident - Abdul HamidPrime Minister - Sheikh Hasina
 BarbadosQueen - Elizabeth II[n 2]
Governor-General - Sir Elliott Belgrave
Prime Minister - Freundel Stuart
 BelarusPresident - Alexander LukashenkoPrime Minister - Mikhail Myasnikovich
 BelgiumKing - PhilippePrime Minister - Elio Di Rupo
 BelizeQueen - Elizabeth II[n 2]
Governor-General - Sir Colville Young
Prime Minister - Dean Barrow
 Benin
 BhutanKing - Jigme Khesar Namgyel WangchuckPrime Minister - Tshering Tobgay
 Bolivia
 Bosnia and Herzegovina
Presidency:[1]
Bakir Izetbegović (Chairman)
Željko Komšić (Member)
Nebojša Radmanović (Member)
Chairman of the Council of Ministers - Vjekoslav Bevanda
 Botswana
 Brazil
 Brunei
 BulgariaPresident - Rosen PlevnelievActing Prime Minister - Georgi Bliznashki
 Burkina FasoPresident - Blaise CompaoréPrime Minister - Luc-Adolphe Tiao
 Burma
 Burundi
 CambodiaKing - Norodom SihamoniPrime Minister - Hun Sen
 CameroonPresident - Paul BiyaPrime Minister - Philémon Yang
 CanadaQueen - Elizabeth II[n 2]
Governor General - David Johnston
Prime Minister - Stephen Harper
 Cape VerdePresident - Jorge Carlos FonsecaPrime Minister - José Maria Neves
 Central African RepublicHead of State of the Transition - Catherine Samba-PanzaActing Prime Minister - Mahamat Kamoun
 ChadPresident - Idriss DébyPrime Minister - Kalzeubet Pahimi Deubet
 Chile
 ChinaPresident - Xi JinpingPremier of the State Council - Li Keqiang
 Colombia
 Comoros
 Congo, Democratic Republic of thePresident - Joseph KabilaPrime Minister - Augustin Matata Ponyo
 Congo, Republic of the
 Costa Rica
 CroatiaPresident - Ivo JosipovićPrime Minister - Zoran Milanović
 Cuba
 Cyprus
 Czech RepublicPresident - Miloš ZemanPrime Minister - Bohuslav Sobotka
 DenmarkQueen - Margrethe IIPrime Minister - Helle Thorning-Schmidt
 DjiboutiPresident - Ismaïl Omar GuellehPrime Minister - Abdoulkader Kamil Mohamed
 DominicaPresident - Charles SavarinPrime Minister - Roosevelt Skerrit
 Dominican Republic
 East TimorPresident - Taur Matan RuakPrime Minister - Xanana Gusmão
 Ecuador
 EgyptPresident - Abdel Fattah el-SisiPrime Minister - Ibrahim Mahlab
 El Salvador
 Equatorial GuineaPresident - Teodoro Obiang Nguema MbasogoPrime Minister - Vicente Ehate Tomi
 Eritrea
 EstoniaPresident - Toomas Hendrik IlvesPrime Minister - Taavi Rõivas
 EthiopiaPresident - Mulatu TeshomePrime Minister - Hailemariam Desalegn
 FijiPresident - Ratu Epeli NailatikauActing Prime Minister - Frank Bainimarama
 FinlandPresident - Sauli NiinistöPrime Minister - Alexander Stubb
 FrancePresident - François Hollande[n 1]Prime Minister - Manuel Valls
 GabonPresident - Ali Bongo OndimbaPrime Minister - Daniel Ona Ondo
 Gambia, The
 GeorgiaPresident - Giorgi MargvelashviliPrime Minister - Irakli Garibashvili
 GermanyFederal President - Joachim GauckFederal Chancellor - Angela Merkel
 Ghana
 GreecePresident - Karolos PapouliasPrime Minister - Antonis Samaras
 GrenadaQueen - Elizabeth II[n 2]
Governor-General - Dame Cécile La Grenade
Prime Minister - Keith Mitchell
 Guatemala
 GuineaPresident - Alpha CondéPrime Minister - Mohamed Said Fofana
 Guinea-BissauPresident - José Mário VazPrime Minister - Domingos Simões Pereira
 GuyanaPresident - Donald RamotarPrime Minister - Sam Hinds
 HaitiPresident - Michel MartellyPrime Minister - Laurent Lamothe
 Honduras
 HungaryPresident - János ÁderPrime Minister - Viktor Orbán
 IcelandPresident - Ólafur Ragnar GrímssonPrime Minister - Sigmundur Davíð Gunnlaugsson
 IndiaPresident - Pranab MukherjeePrime Minister - Narendra Modi
 Indonesia
 Iran
 IraqPresident - Fuad MasumPrime Minister - Haider Al-Abadi
 IrelandPresident - Michael D. HigginsTaoiseach - Enda Kenny
 IsraelPresident - Reuven RivlinPrime Minister - Benjamin Netanyahu
 ItalyPresident - Giorgio NapolitanoPresident of the Council of Ministers - Matteo Renzi
 Ivory CoastPresident - Alassane OuattaraPrime Minister - Daniel Kablan Duncan
 JamaicaQueen - Elizabeth II[n 2]
Governor-General - Sir Patrick Allen
Prime Minister - Portia Simpson-Miller
 JapanEmperor - AkihitoPrime Minister - Shinzō Abe
 JordanKing - Abdullah IIPrime Minister - Abdullah Ensour
 KazakhstanPresident - Nursultan NazarbayevPrime Minister - Karim Masimov
 Kenya
 Kiribati
 KuwaitEmir - Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-SabahPrime Minister - Sheikh Jaber Al-Mubarak Al-Hamad Al-Sabah
 KyrgyzstanPresident - Almazbek AtambayevPrime Minister - Djoomart Otorbaev
 LaosPresident - Choummaly SayasonePrime Minister - Thongsing Thammavong
 LatviaPresident - Andris BērziņšPrime Minister - Laimdota Straujuma
 Lebanon
 LesothoKing - Letsie IIIPrime Minister - Tom Thabane
 Liberia
 LibyaChairman of the House of Representatives - Aguila Saleh IssaPrime Minister - disputed
Abdullah al-Thani (Tobruk)
Omar al-Hassi (Tripoli)
 LiechtensteinPrince - Hans-Adam II
Regent - Hereditary Prince Alois
Head of Government - Adrian Hasler
 LithuaniaPresident - Dalia GrybauskaitėPrime Minister - Algirdas Butkevičius
 LuxembourgGrand Duke - HenriPrime Minister - Xavier Bettel
 MacedoniaPresident - Gjorge IvanovPresident of the Government - Nikola Gruevski
 MadagascarPresident - Hery RajaonarimampianinaPrime Minister - Roger Kolo
 Malawi
 MalaysiaYang di-Pertuan Agong - Abdul HalimPrime Minister - Najib Razak
 Maldives
 MaliPresident - Ibrahim Boubacar KeïtaPrime Minister - Moussa Mara
 MaltaPresident - Marie Louise Coleiro PrecaPrime Minister - Joseph Muscat
 Marshall Islands
 MauritaniaPresident - Mohamed Ould Abdel AzizPrime Minister - Yahya Ould Hademine
 MauritiusPresident - Rajkeswur PurryagPrime Minister - Navin Ramgoolam
 Mexico
 Micronesia
 MoldovaPresident - Nicolae TimoftiPrime Minister - Iurie Leancă
 MonacoPrince - Albert IIMinister of State - Michel Roger
 MongoliaPresident - Tsakhiagiin ElbegdorjPrime Minister - Norovyn Altankhuyag
 MontenegroPresident - Filip VujanovićPrime Minister - Milo Đukanović
 MoroccoKing - Mohammed VIPrime Minister - Abdelilah Benkirane
 MozambiquePresident - Armando GuebuzaPrime Minister - Alberto Vaquina
 NamibiaPresident - Hifikepunye PohambaPrime Minister - Hage Geingob
 Nauru
   NepalPresident - Ram Baran YadavPrime Minister - Sushil Koirala
 NetherlandsKing - Willem-AlexanderPrime Ministers:
Mike Eman (Aruba)
Ivar Asjes (Curaçao)
Mark Rutte (The Netherlands)
Sarah Wescot-Williams (Sint Maarten)
 New ZealandQueen - Elizabeth II[n 2]
Governor-General - Sir Jerry Mateparae[n 3]
Prime Minister - John Key
 Nicaragua
 NigerPresident - Mahamadou IssoufouPrime Minister - Brigi Rafini
 Nigeria
 North Korea
Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme People's Assembly -
Kim Yong-nam[2]
Premier of the Cabinet - Pak Pong-ju
 NorwayKing - Harald VPrime Minister - Erna Solberg
 Oman
 PakistanPresident - Mamnoon HussainPrime Minister - Nawaz Sharif
 Palau
 PalestinePresident - Mahmoud AbbasPrime Minister - Rami Hamdallah
 Panama
 Papua New GuineaQueen - Elizabeth II[n 2]
Governor-General - Sir Michael Ogio
Prime Minister - Peter O'Neill
 Paraguay
 PeruPresident - Ollanta HumalaPresident of the Council of Ministers - Ana Jara
 Philippines
 PolandPresident - Bronisław KomorowskiPrime Minister - Donald Tusk
 PortugalPresident - Aníbal Cavaco SilvaPrime Minister - Pedro Passos Coelho
 QatarEmir - Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al ThaniPrime Minister - Sheikh Abdullah bin Nasser bin Khalifa Al Thani
 RomaniaPresident - Traian BăsescuPrime Minister - Victor Ponta
 RussiaPresident - Vladimir PutinChairman of the Government - Dmitry Medvedev
 RwandaPresident - Paul KagamePrime Minister - Anastase Murekezi
 Saint Kitts and NevisQueen - Elizabeth II[n 2]
Governor-General - Sir Edmund Lawrence
Prime Minister - Denzil Douglas
 Saint LuciaQueen - Elizabeth II[n 2]
Governor-General - Dame Pearlette Louisy
Prime Minister - Kenny Anthony
 Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesQueen - Elizabeth II[n 2]
Governor-General - Sir Frederick Ballantyne
Prime Minister - Ralph Gonsalves
 SamoaO le Ao o le Malo - Tufuga EfiPrime Minister - Tuilaepa Aiono Sailele Malielegaoi
 San Marino
 São Tomé and PríncipePresident - Manuel Pinto da CostaPrime Minister - Gabriel Costa
 Saudi Arabia
 SenegalPresident - Macky SallPrime Minister - Mohamed Dionne
 SerbiaPresident - Tomislav NikolićPrime Minister - Aleksandar Vučić
 Seychelles
 Sierra Leone
 SingaporePresident - Tony TanPrime Minister - Lee Hsien Loong
 SlovakiaPresident - Andrej KiskaPrime Minister - Robert Fico
 SloveniaPresident - Borut PahorPrime Minister - Alenka Bratušek
Prime Minister-designate - Miro Cerar
 Solomon IslandsQueen - Elizabeth II[n 2]
Governor-General - Sir Frank Kabui
Prime Minister - Gordon Darcy Lilo
 SomaliaPresident - Hassan Sheikh MohamudPrime Minister - Abdiweli Sheikh Ahmed
 South Africa
 South KoreaPresident - Park Geun-hyePrime Minister - Jung Hong-won
 South Sudan
 SpainKing - Felipe VIPresident of the Government - Mariano Rajoy
 Sri LankaPresident - Mahinda RajapaksaPrime Minister - D. M. Jayaratne
 Sudan
 Suriname
 SwazilandKing - Mswati IIIPrime Minister - Barnabas Sibusiso Dlamini
 SwedenKing - Carl XVI GustafPrime Minister - Fredrik Reinfeldt
  Switzerland
 SyriaPresident - Bashar al-AssadPrime Minister - Wael Nader Al-Halqi
 TajikistanPresident - Emomalii RahmonPrime Minister - Kokhir Rasulzoda
 TanzaniaPresident - Jakaya KikwetePrime Minister - Mizengo Pinda
 ThailandKing - Bhumibol AdulyadejPrime Minister - Prayuth Chan-ocha
 TogoPresident - Faure GnassingbéPrime Minister - Kwesi Ahoomey-Zunu
 TongaKing - Tupou VIPrime Minister - Sialeʻataongo Tuʻivakanō
 Trinidad and TobagoPresident - Anthony CarmonaPrime Minister - Kamla Persad-Bissessar
 TunisiaPresident - Moncef MarzoukiHead of Government - Mehdi Jomaa
 TurkeyPresident - Recep Tayyip ErdoğanPrime Minister - Ahmet Davutoğlu
 Turkmenistan
 TuvaluQueen - Elizabeth II[n 2]
Governor-General - Sir Iakoba Italeli
Prime Minister - Enele Sopoaga
 UgandaPresident - Yoweri MuseveniPrime Minister - Amama Mbabazi
 UkrainePresident - Petro PoroshenkoPrime Minister - Arseniy Yatsenyuk
 United Arab EmiratesPresident - Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al NahyanPrime Minister - Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum
 United KingdomQueen - Elizabeth II[n 2]Prime Minister - David Cameron
 United States
 Uruguay
 UzbekistanPresident - Islam KarimovPrime Minister - Shavkat Mirziyoyev
 VanuatuActing President - Philip BoedoroPrime Minister - Joe Natuman
  Vatican CitySovereign - Pope FrancisPresident of the Governorate - Cardinal Giuseppe Bertello
 Venezuela
 VietnamPresident - Trương Tấn SangPrime Minister - Nguyễn Tấn Dũng
 YemenPresident - Abd Rabbuh Mansur HadiPrime Minister - Mohammed Basindawa
 Zambia
 Zimbabwe

Other states[edit]

StateHead of stateHead of government
 AbkhaziaActing President - Valeri Bganba
President-elect - Raul Khadjimba
Acting Prime Minister - Vladimir Delba
Prime Minister-designate - Beslan Butba
 Cook Islands[n 4]Queen - Elizabeth II[n 2]
Queen's Representative - Tom Marsters
Prime Minister - Henry Puna
 KosovoPresident - Atifete JahjagaPrime Minister - Hashim Thaçi
 Nagorno-KarabakhPresident - Bako SahakyanPrime Minister - Arayik Harutyunyan
 Niue[n 4]Queen - Elizabeth II[n 2]
Governor-General - Sir Jerry Mateparae[n 3]
Premier - Toke Talagi
 Northern CyprusPresident - Derviş EroğluPrime Minister - Özkan Yorgancıoğlu
 Sahrawi Arab Democratic RepublicPresident - Mohamed AbdelazizPrime Minister - Abdelkader Taleb Omar
 Somaliland
 South OssetiaPresident - Leonid TibilovPrime Minister - Domenty Kulumbegov
 TransnistriaPresident - Yevgeny ShevchukPrime Minister - Tatiana Turanskaya

Governments with limited recognition[edit]

These alternative governments control part of their claimed territories. They are also recognized as a sovereign state by at least one UN member.

GovernmentAlso claimed byHead of StateHead of Government
 Republic of China People's Republic of ChinaPresident - Ma Ying-jeouPresident of the Executive Yuan -
Jiang Yi-huah
Syrian Interim Government Syrian Arab RepublicPresident - Hadi al-BahraPrime Minister - Ahmad Tu'mah

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b The President of France and the French Co-Prince of Andorra are positions held by the same person
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r Queen Elizabeth II is separately and equally monarch of 16 sovereign states and 2 associated states sometimes known collectively as the Commonwealth realms. In each of these countries, with the exception of the United Kingdom (where she predominantly resides), she is represented by a governor-general (unhyphenated in Canada as "governor general" and known in the Cook Islands as the "Queen's Representative") at the national level. In some of these countries, opinion differs as to whether the Queen or governor-general should be designated as head of state; there is no questioning of the Queen's position as sovereign, above the governors-general, however.
  3. ^ a b The Governor-General of New Zealand and the Governor-General of Niue are positions held by the same person.
  4. ^ a b States in free association with New Zealand.

References[edit]

  1. ^ The three-member presidency is the head of state collectively.
  2. ^ a b The Preface to the Constitution of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea states, "The DPRK and the entire Korean people will uphold the great leader Comrade Kim Il-sung as the eternal President of the Republic, defend and carry forward his ideas and exploits and complete the Juche revolution under the leadership of the Workers' Party of Korea." Kim Il-sung died in 1994.
  3. ^ The seven-member Swiss Federal Council is the collective Head of State and the government of the Swiss Confederation. Within the Council, the President of the Swiss Confederation serves solely in a primus inter pares capacity for one year.

External links[edit]