List of current heads of state and government

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This is a list of current heads of state and government, showing heads of state and heads of government where different, mainly in parliamentary systems; often a leader is both in presidential systems. Some states have semi-presidential systems where the head of government role is fulfilled by both the listed head of government and the head of state.

The list includes the names of the recently elected or appointed heads of state who will take office on an appointed date.

Member states and observers of the United Nations[edit]

Legend: Names in small font generally denote acting, transitional, temporary leaders or representatives. Other notes and exceptions are provided in the References section below.
StateHead of stateHead of government
 AfghanistanPresident - Ashraf Ghani[n 1]Chief Executive Officer - Abdullah Abdullah
 AlbaniaPresident - Bujar NishaniPrime Minister - Edi Rama
 AlgeriaPresident - Abdelaziz BouteflikaPrime Minister - Abdelmalek Sellal
 AndorraEpiscopal Co-Prince - Joan Enric Vives Sicília
Representative - Josep Maria Mauri
French Co-Prince - François Hollande[n 2]
Representative - Thierry Lataste
Head of Government - Antoni Martí
 Angola
 Antigua and BarbudaQueen - Elizabeth II[n 3]
Governor-General - Sir Rodney Williams
Prime Minister - Gaston Browne
 Argentina
 ArmeniaPresident - Serzh SargsyanPrime Minister - Hovik Abrahamyan
 AustraliaQueen - Elizabeth II[n 3]
Governor-General - Sir Peter Cosgrove
Prime Minister - Tony Abbott
 AustriaFederal President - Heinz FischerFederal Chancellor - Werner Faymann
 AzerbaijanPresident - Ilham Aliyev[n 1]Prime Minister - Artur Rasizade
 BahamasQueen - Elizabeth II[n 3]
Governor-General - Dame Marguerite Pindling
Prime Minister - Perry Christie
 BahrainKing - Sheikh Hamad bin Isa Al KhalifaPrime Minister - Prince Khalifa bin Salman Al Khalifa
 BangladeshPresident - Abdul HamidPrime Minister - Sheikh Hasina
 BarbadosQueen - Elizabeth II[n 3]
Governor-General - Sir Elliott Belgrave
Prime Minister - Freundel Stuart
 BelarusPresident - Alexander Lukashenko[n 1]Prime Minister - Andrei Kobyakov
 BelgiumKing - PhilippePrime Minister - Charles Michel
 BelizeQueen - Elizabeth II[n 3]
Governor-General - Sir Colville Young
Prime Minister - Dean Barrow
 Benin
 BhutanKing - Jigme Khesar Namgyel WangchuckPrime Minister - Tshering Tobgay
 Bolivia
 Bosnia and Herzegovina
Presidency:[n 4]
Mladen Ivanić (Chairman)
Bakir Izetbegović (Member)
Dragan Čović (Member)
Chairman of the Council of Ministers - Denis Zvizdić
 Botswana
 Brazil
 Brunei
 BulgariaPresident - Rosen PlevnelievPrime Minister - Boyko Borisov
 Burkina FasoActing President - Michel KafandoActing Prime Minister - Yacouba Isaac Zida
 Burundi
 CambodiaKing - Norodom SihamoniPrime Minister - Hun Sen
 CameroonPresident - Paul Biya[n 1]Prime Minister - Philémon Yang
 CanadaQueen - Elizabeth II[n 3]
Governor General - David Johnston
Prime Minister - Stephen Harper
 Cape VerdePresident - Jorge Carlos FonsecaPrime Minister - José Maria Neves
 Central African RepublicHead of State of the Transition - Catherine Samba-Panza[n 1]Acting Prime Minister - Mahamat Kamoun
 ChadPresident - Idriss Déby[n 1]Prime Minister - Kalzeubet Pahimi Deubet
 Chile
 ChinaPresident - Xi JinpingPremier of the State Council - Li Keqiang
 Colombia
 Comoros
 Congo, Democratic Republic of thePresident - Joseph KabilaPrime Minister - Augustin Matata Ponyo
 Congo, Republic of the
 Costa Rica
 CroatiaPresident - Kolinda Grabar-KitarovićPrime Minister - Zoran Milanović
 Cuba
 Cyprus
 Czech RepublicPresident - Miloš ZemanPrime Minister - Bohuslav Sobotka
 DenmarkQueen - Margrethe IIPrime Minister - Helle Thorning-Schmidt
 DjiboutiPresident - Ismaïl Omar GuellehPrime Minister - Abdoulkader Kamil Mohamed
 DominicaPresident - Charles SavarinPrime Minister - Roosevelt Skerrit
 Dominican Republic
 East TimorPresident - Taur Matan RuakPrime Minister - Rui Maria de Araújo
 Ecuador
 EgyptPresident - Abdel Fattah el-SisiPrime Minister - Ibrahim Mahlab
 El Salvador
 Equatorial GuineaPresident - Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo[n 1]Prime Minister - Vicente Ehate Tomi
 Eritrea
 EstoniaPresident - Toomas Hendrik IlvesPrime Minister - Taavi Rõivas
 EthiopiaPresident - Mulatu TeshomePrime Minister - Hailemariam Desalegn
 FijiPresident - Ratu Epeli NailatikauPrime Minister - Frank Bainimarama
 FinlandPresident - Sauli NiinistöPrime Minister - Alexander Stubb
 FrancePresident - François Hollande[n 2]Prime Minister - Manuel Valls
 GabonPresident - Ali Bongo Ondimba[n 1]Prime Minister - Daniel Ona Ondo
 Gambia, The
 GeorgiaPresident - Giorgi MargvelashviliPrime Minister - Irakli Garibashvili
 GermanyFederal President - Joachim GauckFederal Chancellor - Angela Merkel
 Ghana
 GreecePresident - Karolos Papoulias
President-elect - Prokopis Pavlopoulos
Prime Minister - Alexis Tsipras
 GrenadaQueen - Elizabeth II[n 3]
Governor-General - Dame Cécile La Grenade
Prime Minister - Keith Mitchell
 Guatemala
 GuineaPresident - Alpha Condé[n 1]Prime Minister - Mohamed Said Fofana
 Guinea-BissauPresident - José Mário VazPrime Minister - Domingos Simões Pereira
 GuyanaPresident - Donald RamotarPrime Minister - Sam Hinds
 HaitiPresident - Michel MartellyPrime Minister - Evans Paul
 Honduras
 HungaryPresident - János ÁderPrime Minister - Viktor Orbán
 IcelandPresident - Ólafur Ragnar GrímssonPrime Minister - Sigmundur Davíð Gunnlaugsson
 IndiaPresident - Pranab MukherjeePrime Minister - Narendra Modi
 Indonesia
 Iran
 IraqPresident - Fuad MasumPrime Minister - Haider Al-Abadi
 IrelandPresident - Michael D. HigginsTaoiseach - Enda Kenny
 IsraelPresident - Reuven RivlinPrime Minister - Benjamin Netanyahu
 ItalyPresident - Sergio MattarellaPresident of the Council of Ministers - Matteo Renzi
 Ivory CoastPresident - Alassane Ouattara[n 1]Prime Minister - Daniel Kablan Duncan
 JamaicaQueen - Elizabeth II[n 3]
Governor-General - Sir Patrick Allen
Prime Minister - Portia Simpson-Miller
 JapanEmperor - AkihitoPrime Minister - Shinzō Abe
 JordanKing - Abdullah IIPrime Minister - Abdullah Ensour
 KazakhstanPresident - Nursultan Nazarbayev[n 1]Prime Minister - Karim Masimov
 Kenya
 Kiribati
 KuwaitEmir - Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-SabahPrime Minister - Sheikh Jaber Al-Mubarak Al-Hamad Al-Sabah
 KyrgyzstanPresident - Almazbek AtambayevPrime Minister - Djoomart Otorbaev
 LaosPresident - Choummaly SayasonePrime Minister - Thongsing Thammavong
 LatviaPresident - Andris BērziņšPrime Minister - Laimdota Straujuma
 Lebanon
 LesothoKing - Letsie IIIPrime Minister - Tom Thabane
 Liberia
 LibyaHead of state - disputed
Aguila Saleh Issa (Trobuk)
Nouri Abusahmain (Tripoli)
Prime Minister - disputed
Abdullah al-Thani (Trobuk)
Omar al-Hasi (Tripoli)
 LiechtensteinSovereign Prince - Hans-Adam II
Regent - Hereditary Prince Alois
Head of Government - Adrian Hasler
 LithuaniaPresident - Dalia GrybauskaitėPrime Minister - Algirdas Butkevičius
 LuxembourgGrand Duke - HenriPrime Minister - Xavier Bettel
 MacedoniaPresident - Gjorge IvanovPresident of the Government - Nikola Gruevski
 MadagascarPresident - Hery RajaonarimampianinaPrime Minister - Jean Ravelonarivo
 Malawi
 MalaysiaYang di-Pertuan Agong - Abdul HalimPrime Minister - Najib Razak
 Maldives
 MaliPresident - Ibrahim Boubacar KeïtaPrime Minister - Modibo Keita
 MaltaPresident - Marie Louise Coleiro PrecaPrime Minister - Joseph Muscat
 Marshall Islands
 MauritaniaPresident - Mohamed Ould Abdel AzizPrime Minister - Yahya Ould Hademine
 MauritiusPresident - Rajkeswur PurryagPrime Minister - Sir Anerood Jugnauth
 Mexico
 Micronesia
 MoldovaPresident - Nicolae TimoftiPrime Minister - Chiril Gaburici
 MonacoSovereign Prince - Albert IIMinister of State - Michel Roger
 MongoliaPresident - Tsakhiagiin ElbegdorjPrime Minister - Chimediin Saikhanbileg
 MontenegroPresident - Filip VujanovićPrime Minister - Milo Đukanović
 MoroccoKing - Mohammed VIPrime Minister - Abdelilah Benkirane
 MozambiquePresident - Filipe Nyusi[n 1]Prime Minister - Carlos Agostinho do Rosário
 Myanmar
 NamibiaPresident - Hifikepunye Pohamba
President-elect - Hage Geingob[n 1]
Prime Minister - Hage Geingob
 Nauru
   NepalPresident - Ram Baran YadavPrime Minister - Sushil Koirala
 NetherlandsKing - Willem-AlexanderPrime Minister - Mark Rutte
 New ZealandQueen - Elizabeth II[n 3]
Governor-General - Sir Jerry Mateparae
Prime Minister - John Key
 Nicaragua
 NigerPresident - Mahamadou IssoufouPrime Minister - Brigi Rafini
 Nigeria
 North KoreaSupreme Leader - Kim Jong-un[n 5]
Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme People's Assembly - Kim Yong-nam[n 6]
Premier of the Cabinet - Pak Pong-ju
 NorwayKing - Harald VPrime Minister - Erna Solberg
 Oman
 PakistanPresident - Mamnoon HussainPrime Minister - Nawaz Sharif
 Palau
 PalestinePresident - Mahmoud AbbasPrime Minister - Rami Hamdallah
 Panama
 Papua New GuineaQueen - Elizabeth II[n 3]
Governor-General - Sir Michael Ogio
Prime Minister - Peter O'Neill
 Paraguay
 PeruPresident - Ollanta Humala[n 1]President of the Council of Ministers - Ana Jara
 Philippines
 PolandPresident - Bronisław KomorowskiPresident of the Council of Ministers - Ewa Kopacz
 PortugalPresident - Aníbal Cavaco SilvaPrime Minister - Pedro Passos Coelho
 QatarEmir - Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al ThaniPrime Minister - Sheikh Abdullah bin Nasser bin Khalifa Al Thani
 RomaniaPresident - Klaus IohannisPrime Minister - Victor Ponta
 RussiaPresident - Vladimir PutinChairman of the Government - Dmitry Medvedev
 RwandaPresident - Paul Kagame[n 1]Prime Minister - Anastase Murekezi
 Saint Kitts and NevisQueen - Elizabeth II[n 3]
Governor-General - Sir Edmund Lawrence
Prime Minister - Timothy Harris
 Saint LuciaQueen - Elizabeth II[n 3]
Governor-General - Dame Pearlette Louisy
Prime Minister - Kenny Anthony
 Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesQueen - Elizabeth II[n 3]
Governor-General - Sir Frederick Ballantyne
Prime Minister - Ralph Gonsalves
 SamoaO le Ao o le Malo - Tufuga EfiPrime Minister - Tuilaepa Aiono Sailele Malielegaoi
 San Marino
 São Tomé and PríncipePresident - Manuel Pinto da CostaPrime Minister - Patrice Trovoada
 Saudi Arabia
 SenegalPresident - Macky SallPrime Minister - Mohamed Dionne
 SerbiaPresident - Tomislav NikolićPresident of the Government - Aleksandar Vučić
 Seychelles
 Sierra Leone
 SingaporePresident - Tony TanPrime Minister - Lee Hsien Loong
 SlovakiaPresident - Andrej KiskaPrime Minister - Robert Fico
 SloveniaPresident - Borut PahorPresident of the Government - Miro Cerar
 Solomon IslandsQueen - Elizabeth II[n 3]
Governor-General - Sir Frank Kabui
Prime Minister - Manasseh Sogavare
 SomaliaPresident - Hassan Sheikh MohamudPrime Minister - Omar Abdirashid Ali Sharmarke
 South Africa
 South KoreaPresident - Park Geun-hye[n 1]Prime Minister - Lee Wan-koo
 South Sudan
 SpainKing - Felipe VIPresident of the Government - Mariano Rajoy
 Sri LankaPresident - Maithripala Sirisena[n 1]Prime Minister - Ranil Wickremesinghe
 Sudan
 Suriname
 SwazilandKing - Mswati IIIPrime Minister - Barnabas Sibusiso Dlamini
 SwedenKing - Carl XVI GustafPrime Minister - Stefan Löfven
  Switzerland
 SyriaPresident - Bashar al-AssadPrime Minister - Wael Nader Al-Halqi
 TajikistanPresident - Emomalii RahmonPrime Minister - Kokhir Rasulzoda
 TanzaniaPresident - Jakaya Kikwete[n 1]Prime Minister - Mizengo Pinda
 ThailandKing - Bhumibol AdulyadejPrime Minister - Prayuth Chan-ocha
 TogoPresident - Faure Gnassingbé[n 1]Prime Minister - Kwesi Ahoomey-Zunu
 TongaKing - Tupou VIPrime Minister - ʻAkilisi Pohiva
 Trinidad and TobagoPresident - Anthony CarmonaPrime Minister - Kamla Persad-Bissessar
 TunisiaPresident - Beji Caid EssebsiHead of Government - Habib Essid
 TurkeyPresident - Recep Tayyip ErdoğanPrime Minister - Ahmet Davutoğlu
 Turkmenistan
 TuvaluQueen - Elizabeth II[n 3]
Governor-General - Sir Iakoba Italeli
Prime Minister - Enele Sopoaga
 UgandaPresident - Yoweri Museveni[n 1]Prime Minister - Ruhakana Rugunda
 UkrainePresident - Petro PoroshenkoPrime Minister - Arseniy Yatsenyuk
 United Arab EmiratesPresident - Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al NahyanPrime Minister - Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum
 United KingdomQueen - Elizabeth II[n 3]Prime Minister - David Cameron
 United States
 Uruguay
 UzbekistanPresident - Islam Karimov[n 1]Prime Minister - Shavkat Mirziyoyev
 VanuatuPresident - Baldwin LonsdalePrime Minister - Joe Natuman
  Vatican CitySovereign - Pope FrancisPresident of the Governorate - Cardinal Giuseppe Bertello
 Venezuela
 VietnamPresident - Trương Tấn SangPrime Minister - Nguyễn Tấn Dũng
 Yemen
 Zambia
 Zimbabwe

Other states[edit]

The following states control their territory and are recognised by at least one UN member state.

StateHead of stateHead of government
 AbkhaziaPresident - Raul KhadjimbaPrime Minister - Beslan Butba
 Cook Islands[n 8]Queen - Elizabeth II[n 3]
Queen's Representative - Tom Marsters
Prime Minister - Henry Puna
 KosovoPresident - Atifete JahjagaPrime Minister - Isa Mustafa
 Nagorno-KarabakhPresident - Bako SahakyanPrime Minister - Arayik Harutyunyan
 Niue[n 8]Queen - Elizabeth II[n 3]
Governor-General - Sir Jerry Mateparae[n 9]
Premier - Toke Talagi
 Northern CyprusPresident - Derviş EroğluPrime Minister - Özkan Yorgancıoğlu
 Sahrawi Arab Democratic RepublicPresident - Mohamed AbdelazizPrime Minister - Abdelkader Taleb Omar
 Somaliland
 South OssetiaPresident - Leonid TibilovPrime Minister - Domenty Kulumbegov
 TaiwanPresident - Ma Ying-jeouPresident of the Executive Yuan -
Mao Chi-kuo
 TransnistriaPresident - Yevgeny ShevchukPrime Minister - Tatiana Turanskaya

Other governments[edit]

These alternative governments are recognized as a sovereign state by at least one UN member.

GovernmentAlso claimed byHead of StateHead of Government
Syrian Interim Government SyriaPresident - Khaled KhojaPrime Minister - Ahmad Tu'mah

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u In this state the President is both head of state and government. The office of Prime Minister, Chief of the Cabinet of Ministers or Chief Executive Officer exists in these states, but it does not hold any real power.
  2. ^ a b The President of France and the French Co-Prince of Andorra are positions held by the same person
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r Queen Elizabeth II is separately and equally monarch of 16 sovereign states known collectively as the Commonwealth realms. In each of these countries, with the exception of the United Kingdom (where she predominantly resides), she is represented at the national level by a governor-general (unhyphenated in Canada as governor general). In some of these countries, opinion differs as to whether the Queen or governor-general should be designated as head of state; there is no questioning of the Queen's position as sovereign, above the governors-general, however.
  4. ^ The three-member presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina is the head of state collectively.
  5. ^ Supreme Leader is used as a description, for sake of brevity, rather than being an official title of single office. The actual offices held by Kim Jong-un are: First Secretary of the Workers' Party of Korea, First Chairman of the National Defence Commission, Supreme Commander of the Korean People's Army.
  6. ^ The Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme People's Assembly accepts the credentials of foreign ambassadors, signs treaties, receives visiting heads of state and represents North Korea on all state visits—the ceremonial functions normally performed by a head of state in other countries. The Chairman of the Presidium has held these duties since 5 September 1998, when the Constitution of North Korea was revised.
  7. ^ The seven-member Swiss Federal Council is the collective Head of State and the government of the Swiss Confederation. Within the Council, the President of the Swiss Confederation serves solely in a primus inter pares capacity for one year.
  8. ^ a b States in free association with New Zealand.
  9. ^ .

References[edit]

External links[edit]