List of culinary vegetables

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This is a list of plants that have a culinary role as vegetables. "Vegetable" can be used in several senses, including culinary, botanical and legal. This list includes botanical fruits such as pumpkins, and does not include herbs, spices, cereals and most culinary fruits and culinary nuts. Currently, edible fungi are not included on this list. Legal vegetables are defined for regulatory, tax and other purposes. Examples include tomatoes, which are a botanical berry, but a culinary vegetable for US tax purposes, and even tomato sauce as found on pizza, which is considered a vegetable for use in school lunches in the US.[1]

Some culinary vegetables such as laver are not even members of the plant kingdom, although mushrooms and other fungi are kept off the list for this reason.

Leafy and salad vegetables[edit]

Garden Cress
Iceberg lettuce field in northern Santa Barbara County.
Spinach in flower
Miner's lettuce
Species name
AmaranthAmaranthus cruentus
ArugulaEruca sativa
Beet greensBeta vulgaris vulgaris
Bok choy (白菜)Brassica rapa (chinensis)
Borage greensBorago officinalis
Broccolini (leaves / stalks)Brassica oleracea
Brussels sproutBrassica oleracea (gemmifera)
CabbageBrassica oleracea (capitata)
CatsearHypochaeris radicata
CeleryApium graveolens
CeltuceLactuca sativa (asparagina)
ChayaCnidoscolus aconitifolius aconitifolius
ChickweedStellaria
ChicoryCichorium intybus
Chinese mallowMalva verticillata
Chrysanthemum (leaves)Chrysanthemum coronarium
Collard greensBrassica oleracea
Common PurslanePortulaca oleracea
Corn saladValerianella locusta
CressLepidium sativum
DandelionTaraxacum officinale
DillAnethum graveolens
EndiveCichorium endivia
Fat henChenopodium album
FiddleheadPteridium aquilinum
Athyrium esculentum
Fluted pumpkinTelfairia occidentalis
Garden RocketEruca sativa
Golden samphireInula crithmoides
Good King HenryChenopodium bonus-henricus
Greater PlantainPlantago major
Kai-lan (芥蘭 Gai Lan)Brassica rapa (alboglabra)
KaleBrassica oleracea (acephala)
KomatsunaBrassica rapa (pervidis / komatsuna)
KukaAdansonia
Lagos bologiTalinum fruticosum
Lamb's lettuceValerianella locusta
Lamb's QuartersChenopodium album
Land cressBarbarea verna
LettuceLactuca sativa
Lizard's tailHouttuynia cordata
Malabar SpinachBasella alba
MelokhiaCorchorus olitorius
Corchorus capsularis
Miner's LettuceClaytonia perfoliata
Mizuna greensBrassica rapa (nipposinica)
MustardSinapis alba
Napa cabbage (召菜 Siu Choi)Brassica rapa (pekinensis)
New Zealand SpinachTetragonia tetragonioides
OracheAtriplex hortensis
Pak choy (白菜 Bok Choy)Brassica rapa (chinensis)
ParacressAcmella oleracea
Pea sprouts / leavesPisum sativum
PokePhytolacca americana
RadicchioCichorium intybus
Rapini (broccoli rabe)Brassica rapa rapa
SamphireCrithmum maritimum
Sculpit / StridoloSilene inflata
Sea beetBeta vulgaris maritima
Sea kaleCrambe maritima
Sierra Leone bologiCrassocephalum
SokoCelosia argentea
SorrelRumex acetosa
SpinachSpinacia oleracea
Summer purslanePortulaca oleracea
Swiss chardBeta vulgaris cicla (flavescens)
TatsoiBrassica rapa (rosularis)
Turnip greensBrassica rapa (rapifera)
WatercressNasturtium officinale
Water spinachIpomoea aquatica
WheatgrassTriticum aestivum
Winter purslaneClaytonia perfoliata
YarrowAchillea millefolium
Yao Choy (油菜 Yu Choy)Brassica napus

Fruits[edit]

Species name
AvocadoPersea americana
Bell pepperCapsicum annuum
Bitter melon
Bitter gourd
Momordica charantia
ChayoteSechium edule
CucumberCucumis sativus
Ivy GourdCoccinia grandis
Eggplant / Aubergine / BrinjalSolanum melongena
LuffaLuffa cylindrica
Olive fruitOlea europaea
PumpkinCucurbita
SquashCucurbita
Sweet pepperCapsicum annuum (grossum)
TindaPraecitrullus fistulosus
TomatilloPhysalis philadelphica
TomatoSolanum lycopersicum
VanillaVanilla
West Indian gherkinCucumis anguria
Winter melonBenincasa hispida
Zucchini / CourgetteCucurbita pepo

Flowers and flower buds[edit]

Main article: Edible flowers
Globe artichokes being cooked.
Species name
ArtichokeCynara cardunculus / scolymus
BroccoliBrassica oleracea
Broccolini flowersBrassica oleracea
CaperCapparis spinosa
CauliflowerBrassica oleracea
Daylily[2]Hemerocallis fulva
Courgette flowersCucurbita
Squash blossomsCucurbita

Podded vegetables[edit]

See also: Types of beans
Diversity in dry common beans.
Varieties of soybeans are used for many purposes.
Species name
American groundnutApios americana
Azuki beanVigna angularis
Black-eyed peaVigna unguiculata unguiculata
ChickpeaCicer arietinum
Common beanPhaseolus vulgaris
DrumstickMoringa oleifera
Dolichos beanLablab purpureus
Fava beanVicia faba
GarbanzoCicer arietinum
Green beanPhaseolus vulgaris
GuarCyamopsis tetragonoloba
Horse gramMacrotyloma uniflorum
Indian peaLathyrus sativus
LentilLens culinaris
Lima BeanPhaseolus lunatus
Moth beanVigna acontifolia
Mung beanVigna radiata
OkraAbelmoschus esculentus
PeaPisum sativum
PeanutArachis hypogaea
Pigeon peaCajanus cajan
RicebeanVigna umbellata
Runner beanPhaseolus coccineus
Snap peaPisum sativum (macrocarpon)
Snow peaPisum sativum (saccharatum)
SoybeanGlycine max
Tarwi (Tarhui / Chocho)Lupinus mutabilis
Tepary beanPhaseolus acutifolius
Urad beanVigna mungo
Velvet beanMucuna pruriens
Winged beanPsophocarpus tetragonolobus
Yardlong beanVigna unguiculata (sesquipedalis)

Bulb and stem vegetables[edit]

Garlic bulbs and individual cloves, one peeled.
Species name
AsparagusAsparagus officinalis
CardoonCynara cardunculus
CeleriacApium graveolens (rapaceum)
CeleryApium graveolens
ChivesAllium schoenoprasum
Elephant GarlicAllium ampeloprasum (ampeloprasum)
Florence fennelFoeniculum vulgare (dulce)
GarlicAllium sativum
Garlic ChivesAllium tuberosum
KohlrabiBrassica oleracea (gongylodes)
KurratAllium ampeloprasum (kurrat)
LemongrassCymbopogon citratus
LeekAllium porrum
Lotus rootNelumbo nucifera
NopalOpuntia ficus-indica
OnionAllium cepa
Pearl onionAllium ampeloprasum (sectivum)
Potato onionAllium cepa (aggregatum)
Prussian asparagusOrnithogalum pyrenaicum
Spring Onion/ScallionAllium wakegi
ShallotAllium cepa (aggregatum)
Tree onion[3]Allium × proliferum
Welsh onionAllium fistulosum
Wild leekAllium tricoccum

Root and tuberous vegetables[edit]

Carrots come in a variety of shapes, sizes and colors.
The potato is one of the world's staple foods.
Species name
AhipaPachyrhizus ahipa
ArracachaArracacia xanthorrhiza
Bamboo shootBambusa vulgaris
Phyllostachys edulis
BeetrootBeta vulgaris vulgaris
BurdockArctium lappa
Broadleaf arrowheadSagittaria latifolia
CamasCamassia
CannaCanna
CarrotDaucus carota
CassavaManihot esculenta
Chinese artichokeStachys affinis
DaikonRaphanus sativus (longipinnatus)
Earthnut peaLathyrus tuberosus
Elephant Foot yamAmorphophallus paeoniifolius
EnseteEnsete ventricosum
GalangalAlpinia galanga
GingerZingiber officinale
Hamburg parsleyPetroselinum crispum tuberosum
HorseradishArmoracia rusticana
Jerusalem artichokeHelianthus tuberosus
JícamaPachyrhizus erosus
MashuaTropaeolum tuberosum
ParsnipPastinaca sativa
PignutConopodium majus
PotatoSolanum tuberosum
Prairie turnipPsoralea esculenta
RadishRaphanus sativus
RutabagaBrassica napus (napobrassica)
SalsifyTragopogon porrifolius
ScorzoneraScorzonera hispanica
SkirretSium sisarum
SwedeBrassica napus (napobrassica)
Sweet Potato (Kumara)Ipomoea batatas
TaroColocasia esculenta
TiCordyline fruticosa
TigernutCyperus esculentus
TurmericCurcuma longa
TurnipBrassica rapa (rapifera)
UllucoUllucus tuberosus
WasabiWasabia japonica
Water caltropTrapa natans
Trapa bicornis
Water chestnutEleocharis dulcis
YacónSmallanthus sonchifolius
YamDioscorea[4]

Sea vegetables[edit]

Species name
AonoriMonostroma
Enteromorpha
ArameEisenia bicyclis
CarolaCallophyllis variegata
Dabberlocks (Badderlocks)Alaria esculenta
Dulse (Dillisk)Palmaria palmata
HijikiHizikia fusiformis
KombuLaminaria japonica
Laver / GimPorphyra
MozukuCladosiphon okamuranus
NoriPorphyra
OgonoriGracilaria
Sea grapeCaulerpa
Sea lettuceUlva lactuca
WakameUndaria pinnatifida

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Tomato sauce on pizza is a vegetable, says Congress; GOP says healthier school lunches are too expensive". Daily News (New York). November 16, 2011. Retrieved 2011-11-21. 
  2. ^ Used dried or fresh in Chinese cuisine; see Meredith, Leda. "How to Sustainably Harvest and Eat Delicious Daylilies". Mother Earth News. Mother Earth News. Retrieved 8 July 2014. 
  3. ^ Also known as the Egyptian Walking Onion due to its ability spread easily to other parts of gardens.
  4. ^ "Everyday Mysteries: Yam". Library of Congress, United States of America. 2011. 

External links[edit]