This is a listing of organisations and groups involved in organized crime. Tongs and outlaw motorcycle gangs are not included as they are not necessarily, as such, criminal organisations. Terrorist, militant and paramilitary groups are mentioned if they are involved in this activity for funding, but since their stated aim is ideological and not commercial they should not be considered as mafia-type groups.
See also Allegations of CIA drug trafficking
In several drug-producing or transit countries, drug traffickers have taken advantage of local corruption and lack of law enforcement to establish cartels turning in millions if not billions of dollars each year. Sometimes if government enforcement is particularly poor, the cartels become quasi-paramilitary organizations.
See also Manuel Noriega's narcokleptocracy, Service d'Intelligence National and Yomagate Asia See also Manchukuo state drug trafficking Canadian mafia families See also The Order and Key West PD corruption Italian immigrants to the United States in the early 20th century formed various small-time gangs which gradually evolved into sophisticated crime syndicates which dominated organized crime in America for several decades. Although government crackdowns and a less-tightly knit Italian-American community have largely reduced their power, they remain an active force in the underworld. Active crime families Defunct mafia families European crime syndicates Organized crime in Italy, especially the south, has existed for hundreds of years and has given rise to a number of notorious organizations with their own traditions and subculture which have managed to infiltrate almost every part of Italian society. The Italian mafia is often thought of as being the archetype for organized crime worldwide. [39 ] Balkan organized crime
Balkan organized crime gained prominence in the chaos following the communist era, notably the transition to capitalism and the
wars in former Yugoslavia. see also Irish Republican paramilitaries and Ulster loyalist groups Post-Soviet organized crime
Although organized crime existed in the Soviet era, the gangs really gained in power and international reach during the
transition to capitalism. The term Russian Mafia, 'mafiya' or mob is a blanket (and somewhat inaccurate) term for the various organized crime groups that emerged in this period from the 15 former republics of the USSR and unlike their Italian counterparts does not mean members are necessarily of Russian ethnicity or uphold any ancient criminal traditions, although this is the case for some members. Caucasian crime syndicates Asian organized crime groups See also Kenji Doihara's criminal network Yakuza organizations
yakuza of Japan are similar to the Italian mafias in they originated centuries ago and follow a rigid set of traditions, but have several aspects that make them unique, such as their full-body tattoos and their fairly open place in Japanese society. Many yakuza groups are umbrella organizations, smaller gangs reporting to a larger crime syndicate. Active yakuza groups Defunct yakuza groups Triads and other Chinese criminal organizations See also Tiandihui
Triads is a popular name for a number of Chinese criminal secret societies, which have existed in various forms over the centuries (see for example Tiandihui). However not all Chinese gangs fall into line with these traditional groups, as many non-traditional criminal organizations have formed, both in China and the Chinese diaspora. Southeast Asian criminal organizations South Asian criminal organizations Middle Eastern organized crime See also Free Syrian Army, [65 ] Shabeeha, [66 ] al-Qaeda in Iraq, Al-Qaeda Organization in the Islamic Maghreb, Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant and Al-Mulatahemeen Brigade) Australian organised crime groups (see also Federated Ship Painters and Dockers Union and Nugan Hand Bank) Caribbean crime groups African criminal organisations See also the militia of Osman Ali Atto, Taxi wars in South Africa and blood diamonds
As society enters the
Information Age, certain individuals take advantage of easy flow of information over the Internet to commit online fraud or similar activities. Often the hackers will form a network to better facilitate their activities. On occasion the hackers will be a part of a criminal gang involved in more 'blue collar crime', but this is unusual. Drug and smuggling rings
Smuggling is a behavior that has occurred ever since there were laws or a moral code that forbade access to a specific person or object. At the core of any
smuggling organization is the economic relationship between supply and demand. From the organization's point of view, the issues are what the consumer wants, and how much the consumer is willing to pay the smuggler or smuggling organization to obtain it. Prison gangs
Prisons are a natural meeting place for criminals, and for the purposes of protection from other inmates and business prisoners join gangs. These gangs often develop a large influence outside the prison walls through their networks. Most
prison gangs do more than offer simple protection for their members. Most often, prison gangs are responsible for any drug, tobacco or alcohol handling inside correctional facilities. Furthermore, many prison gangs involve themselves in prostitution, assaults, kidnappings and murders. Prison gangs often seek to intimidate the other inmates, pressuring them to relinquish their food and other resources. In addition, prison gangs often exercise a large degree of influence over organized crime in the "free world", larger than their isolation in prison might lead one to expect.
Youth gangs have often served as a recruiting ground for more organized crime syndicates, where juvenile delinquents grow up to be full-fledged mobsters, as well as providing muscle and other low-key work. Increasingly, especially in the United States and other western countries,
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