List of countries by number of military and paramilitary personnel

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Countries by number of active soldiers (2009)

This is a list of countries by number of military and paramilitary personnel. It includes any government-sponsored soldiers used to further the domestic and foreign policies of their respective government. The term "country" is used in the sense of state which exercises sovereignty or has limited recognition.

Guide to the list[edit]

The list consists of columns which can be sorted by clicking on the appropriate title:

Many of the 174 countries listed here, especially those with the highest number of total soldiers, such as the two Koreas and Vietnam, include a large number of paramilitaries, civilians and policemen in their reserve personnel. Some countries, such as Pakistan, Italy, Japan and the People's Republic of China, have only volunteers in their armed forces; while others, such as Mauritius and Panama, have no national armies, but only a paramilitary force.

The list[edit]

FlagStateActive militaryReserve militaryParamilitaryTotalTotal per 1000 capitaActive per 1000 capita
AfghanistanAfghanistan[1]170,7000136,100306,8009.95.5
AlbaniaAlbania[2]14,245050014,7454.13.9
AlgeriaAlgeria[3]130,000150,000187,200467,20013.73.8
AngolaAngola[4]107,000010,000117,0009.18.4
Antigua and BarbudaAntigua and Barbuda[5]1707502452.92
ArgentinaArgentina[6]73,100031,240104,3402.61.8
ArmeniaArmenia[7][Note 1]48,834210,0006,964265,79889.616.5
AustraliaAustralia[8]56,55220,440076,9923.62.7
AustriaAustria[9]25,758187,8860213,644263.1
AzerbaijanAzerbaijan[10]66,940300,00015,000381,94046.48.1
The BahamasBahamas[11]860008602.82.8
BahrainBahrain[12]8,200011,26019,46026.711.3
BangladeshBangladesh[13]157,053063,900220,9531.41
BarbadosBarbados[11]61043001,0403.72.1
BelarusBelarus[14]72,940289,500110,000472,440497.6
BelgiumBelgium[15]34,3361,400035,7363.43.3
BelizeBelize[16]1,05070001,7505.73.4
BeninBenin[17]4,75002,5007,2500.80.5
BhutanBhutan8,00001,0009,00012.711.3
BoliviaBolivia[18]46,100037,10083,2008.54.7
Bosnia and HerzegovinaBosnia and Herzegovina[19]9,656009,6562.12.1
BotswanaBotswana[20]9,00001,50010,5005.34.5
BrazilBrazil[21]318,4801,340,000395,0002,053,48010.31.6
BruneiBrunei[22]7,0007002,2509,95025.618
BulgariaBulgaria[23]31,315303,00034,000368,31551.14.3
Burkina FasoBurkina Faso[24]11,200025011,4500.70.7
BurmaBurma[25]406,0000107,250513,25010.78.4
BurundiBurundi[26]20,000031,05051,0505.42.1
CambodiaCambodia[27]124,300067,000191,30013.28.6
CameroonCameroon[28]14,10009,00023,1001.20.7
CanadaCanada[29]65,70033,9504,500104,1503.12
Cape VerdeCape Verde[30]1,200001,2002.82.8
Central African RepublicCentral African Republic[31]2,15001,0003,1500.70.5
ChadChad[32]25,35009,50034,8503.42.5
ChileChile[33]59,05940,00044,712143,7718.73.6
ChinaPeople's Republic of China[34][Note 2]2,285,000510,0001,132,0003,927,0002.91.7
ColombiaColombia[35]449,415790,000144,0971,383,51229.29.5
Costa RicaCosta Rica[36]009,8009,8002.30
CroatiaCroatia[37]18,60021,0003,00042,6009.54.1
CubaCuba[38][Note 3]49,00039,0001,146,5001,234,500107.84.3
CyprusCyprus[39]12,00050,00075062,75057.811.1
Czech RepublicCzech Republic[40]25,42102,10027,5212.72.5
Ivory CoastCôte d'Ivoire[41]17,05010,0001,50028,5501.40.8
Democratic Republic of the CongoDemocratic Republic of the Congo[42]144,00001,400145,4002.12.1
North KoreaDemocratic People's Republic of Korea[43][Note 4]1,190,000600,0005,889,0007,679,000312.748.5
DenmarkDenmark[44]18,62853,507072,13513.13.4
DjiboutiDjibouti[45]10,45002,50012,9501411.3
Dominican RepublicDominican Republic[46]24,500015,00039,5004.12.5
EcuadorEcuador[47]58,483118,000500176,98312.14
EgyptEgypt[48]438,500479,000397,0001,314,50016.75.6
El SalvadorEl Salvador[49]15,5009,90017,00042,4005.92.2
Equatorial GuineaEquatorial Guinea[50]1,32002,0003,3205.22.1
EritreaEritrea[51]201,750120,0000321,75052.933.1
EstoniaEstonia[52]5,75030,00012,00047,75036.74.4
EthiopiaEthiopia[53]138,00000138,0001.61.6
FijiFiji[54]3,5006,00009,50010.13.7
FinlandFinland[55]22,100340,00013,375375,47571.54.2
FranceFrance[56][Note 5]222,21593,09998,155413,4696.43.4
GabonGabon[57]4,7002,0006,7004.43.1
The GambiaGambia[58]800008000.40.4
Georgia (country)Georgia[59]20,655011,70032,3557.24.6
GermanyGermany[60][61]182,62040,3690222,9892.72.2
GhanaGhana[62]15,5000015,5000.60.6
GreeceGreece[63]144,567216,6504,000365,21733.813.4
GuatemalaGuatemala[64]15,21263,86319,00098,0757.41.1
GuineaGuinea[65]12,30007,00019,3001.91.2
Guinea-BissauGuinea-Bissau[66]4,45002,0006,4504.22.9
GuyanaGuyana[67]1,1006701,5003,2704.31.5
HaitiHaiti[68]002,0002,0000.20
HondurasHonduras[69]12,00060,0008,00080,00010.21.5
HungaryHungary[70]22,58744,00012,00078,5877.92.3
IcelandIceland[71]001301300.40
IndiaIndia[72]1,325,0001,155,0002,288,4074,768,4073.91.1
IndonesiaIndonesia[73][Note 6]302,000400,000280,000982,0004.11.2
IranIran[74][Note 7]523,000350,0001,490,0002,363,00035.67.9
IraqIraq[75]271,4000531,000802,40027.79.4
Republic of IrelandIreland[76]9,65014,875024,5255.32.1
IsraelIsrael[77]176,500565,0008,000749,50094.422.2
ItalyItaly[78][79][Note 8]179,15541,867177,633398,6556.73
JamaicaJamaica[80]2,83095303,7831.31
JapanJapan[81]247,76456,37812,250316,3922.51.9
JordanJordan[82]100,50065,00010,000175,5002816
KazakhstanKazakhstan[83]49,000031,50080,5005.23.2
KenyaKenya[84]24,12005,00029,1200.70.6
KosovoKosovo[85][86][87]2,50080003,3001.91.4
KuwaitKuwait[88]15,50023,7007,10046,30017.25.8
KyrgyzstanKyrgyzstan[89]10,90009,50020,4003.82
LaosLaos[90]29,1000100,000129,10018.94.3
LatviaLatvia[91]4,60010,666015,2666.82.1
LebanonLebanon[92]59,100200,00020,000279,10069.514.7
LesothoLesotho[93]2,000002,0000.90.9
LiberiaLiberia[94]2,400002,4000.70.7
LibyaLibya[95]76,00040,0000116,00018.312
LithuaniaLithuania[96]10,6406,70014,60031,94093
LuxembourgLuxembourg[97]90006121,5123.11.8
MadagascarMadagascar[98]13,50008,10021,60010.7
MalawiMalawi[99]5,30001,5006,8000.50.4
MalaysiaMalaysia[100][Note 9]109,000516,000269,300894,30034.84.2
MaliMali[101]7,35007,80015,1501.10.5
MaltaMalta[102]1,95417302,1275.24.8
MauritaniaMauritania[103]15,87005,00020,8706.75.1
MauritiusMauritius[104]002,0002,0001.60
MexicoMexico[105]280,00087,34451,500418,8443.82.5
MoldovaMoldova[106]5,35457,9712,37965,70415.21.2
MongoliaMongolia[107]10,000137,0007,200154,20050.73.3
MontenegroMontenegro[108]2,984010,10013,08419.54.4
MoroccoMorocco[109]195,800150,00050,000395,80012.76.3
MozambiqueMozambique[110]11,2000011,2000.50.5
NamibiaNamibia[111]9,20006,00015,2007.24.4
NepalNepal[112]95,753062,000157,7535.53.4
NetherlandsNetherlands[113]37,3653,1895,91146,4652.82.2
New ZealandNew Zealand[114]9,6372,314011,9512.82.3
NicaraguaNicaragua[115]12,0000012,00022
NigerNiger[116]5,30005,40010,7000.70.3
NigeriaNigeria[117]80,000082,000162,0001.10.5
NorwayNorway[118]24,45045,250069,700155.2
OmanOman[119]42,60004,40047,00013.812.5
PakistanPakistan[120]642,000500,000304,0001,446,0008.33.7
State of PalestinePalestine[121][Note 10]0056,00056,000140
PanamaPanama[122]0012,00012,0003.60
Papua New GuineaPapua New Guinea[123]3,100003,1000.50.5
ParaguayParaguay[124]10,650164,50014,800189,95027.21.5
PeruPeru[125]115,000188,00077,000380,00012.93.9
PhilippinesPhilippines[126]125,000131,00080,500336,5003.41.3
PolandPoland[127]100,000021,400121,4003.22.6
PortugalPortugal[128]42,634211,95747,700302,29128.24
QatarQatar[129]11,8000011,80013.413.4
Republic of MacedoniaRepublic of Macedonia[130]8,0004,850012,8506.23.9
Republic of the CongoRepublic of the Congo[131]10,00002,00012,00032.5
RomaniaRomania[132]73,90045,00079,900198,8008.93.3
RussiaRussian Federation[133][134][Note 11]766,0002,000,000474,0003,240,00022.65.3
RwandaRwanda[135]33,00002,00035,0003.33.1
Saudi ArabiaSaudi Arabia[136]233,500015,500249,0008.78.1
SenegalSenegal[137]13,62005,00018,6201.41
SerbiaSerbia[138]28,18450,17110,00088,355123.8
SeychellesSeychelles[139]20004506507.42.3
Sierra LeoneSierra Leone[140]10,5000010,50022
SingaporeSingapore[141][Note 12]72,500356,500119,100548,100117.715.6
SlovakiaSlovakia[142]15,7990015,7992.92.9
SloveniaSlovenia[143]7,6001,7004,50013,8006.93.8
SomaliaSomalia[144]2,000002,0000.20.2
South AfricaSouth Africa[145]62,08215,07112,38289,5351.81.3
South KoreaRepublic of Korea[146][Note 13]655,0004,500,0004,5005,159,500103.113.1
SpainSpain[147]123,30016,00080,210219,5104.72.6
Sri LankaSri Lanka[148]160,9005,50092,600259,00012.17.5
SudanSudan[149]109,30085,00017,500211,8005.22.7
South SudanSouth Sudan[150]140,00000140,0003.43.4
SurinameSuriname[151]1,840001,8403.83.8
SwedenSweden[152][Note 14]20,363200,000800221,16324.42.2
SwitzerlandSwitzerland[153]25,287172,33076,000273,617363.3
SyriaSyria[154]295,000314,000108,000717,00032.913.6
TaiwanRepublic of China (Taiwan)[155]290,0001,657,00017,0001,964,00085.512.6
TajikistanTajikistan[156]8,80007,50016,3002.21.2
TanzaniaTanzania[157]27,00080,0001,400108,4002.60.7
ThailandThailand[158][Note 15]305,860200,000158,700664,56010.14.6
East TimorTimor Leste[159]1,332001,3321.31.3
TogoTogo[160]8,55007509,3001.51.4
Trinidad and TobagoTrinidad and Tobago[161]4,063004,0633.33.3
TunisiaTunisia[162]35,800012,00047,8004.63.4
TurkeyTurkey[163][164][165][Note 16]610,525378,70045,1811,034,40613.58
TurkmenistanTurkmenistan[166]22,0000022,0004.54.5
UgandaUganda[167]45,00001,80046,8001.41.4
UkraineUkraine[168]129,9251,000,00084,9001,214,82526.62.8
United Arab EmiratesUnited Arab Emirates[169]51,0000051,00010.610.6
United KingdomUnited Kingdom[170][Note 17]198,810172,5500371,3605.83.1
United StatesUnited States of America[173]1,369,532850,88011,0352,231,4477.14.4
UruguayUruguay[174]24,621081825,4397.37
UzbekistanUzbekistan[175]67,000020,00087,0003.22.4
VenezuelaVenezuela[176]115,0008,0000123,0004.64.3
VietnamVietnam[177][Note 18]482,0005,000,00040,0005,522,00062.35.4
YemenYemen[178]66,700071,200137,90062.9
ZambiaZambia[179]15,1003,0001,40019,5001.61.3
ZimbabweZimbabwe[180]29,000021,80050,8004.52.5

Not included in the list are the militaries of Abkhazia, Nagorno-Karabakh, Northern Cyprus, Monaco, San Marino, Saint Kitts and Nevis, São Tomé and Príncipe, Swaziland, Tonga and Vanuatu.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The reserve military of Armenia consists mostly of ex-conscripts who have seen service within the last 15 years.
  2. ^ The paramilitary forces of China listed here does not include some 3,000,000 PLA Militia.
  3. ^ The paramilitary forces of Cuba consist of the Youth Labour Army, Civil Defence and Territorial Troops Militia.
  4. ^ The paramilitary forces of North Korea largely consists of the Worker-Peasant Red Guard.
  5. ^ The paramilitary forces of France consist of the National Gendarmerie.
  6. ^ The paramilitary forces of India includes 987,821 personnel from Indian Home Guard and Civil Defence.
  7. ^ The paramilitary forces of Iran largely consists of the Basij, a paramilitary militia with claimed membership of 12.6 million (including women and children), which after mobilization can reach about 1,000,000 people able to fight.
  8. ^ The paramilitary forces of Italy consists of the Carabinieri and the Guardia di Finanza.
  9. ^ The paramilitary forces of Malaysia includes 244,700 personnel from the People's Volunteer Corps.
  10. ^ The personnel of Palestinian National Authority includes only organisations under the Directorate of Police Force; personnel strength figures for the various Palestinian groups in Gaza Strip, such as Hamas, are not known.
  11. ^ The potential reserve personnel of Russia may be as high as 20 million, depending on how the figures are counted.
  12. ^ The reserve personnel of Singapore includes 44,000 paramilitary from Singapore Police Force and Civil Defence Force.
  13. ^ The reserve personnel of South Korea predominantly consists of ex-conscripts with an obligation to undertake 3 days per year training.
  14. ^ The reserve personnel of Sweden includes 42,000 paramilitary from the Home Guard.
  15. ^ The reserve personnel of Thailand includes 45,000 paramilitary from National Security Volunteer Corps.
  16. ^ Turkish active personnel includes approximately 200,000 persons from the Gendarmerie General Command and Turkish Coast Guard Command.
  17. ^ The United Kingdoms Regular Reserve is separated into two categories: 45,110 personnel serving under a fixed-term reserve contract[171] and 127,440 personnel liable to be recalled in "a time of need" under the 1996 Reserve Forces Act.[172]
  18. ^ The reserve personnel of Vietnam includes 5,000,000 paramilitary from People's Public Security and Civil Defense.

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Bibliography[edit]

Further reading[edit]