These are the lists of countries of the world by percentage of population living in poverty. "Poverty" defined as an economic condition of lacking both money and basic necessities needed to successfully live, such as food, water, education, healthcare, and shelter. There are many working definitions of "poverty," with considerable debate on how to best define the term. Lack of income security, economic stability and the predictability of one's continued means to meet basic needs all serve as absolute indicators of poverty. Poverty may therefore also be defined as the economic condition of lacking predictable and stable means of meeting basic life needs.
- The first table lists countries by the percentage of their population with an income of less than 1.25, and less than 2, US dollars per day. The sourced data refers to the most recent year available during the period 2000-2007.
- The second table lists countries by the percentage of the population living below the national poverty line — the poverty line deemed appropriate for a country by its authorities. National estimates are based on population-weighted subgroup estimates from household surveys. Definitions of the poverty line may vary considerably among nations. For example, rich nations generally employ more generous standards of poverty than poor nations. Thus, the numbers are not strictly comparable among countries.
Only countries for which sourced data is available are listed.
Map of world poverty by country, showing percentage of population living on less than $2 per day. Based on 2009 UN Human Development Report.
|Population living under 1.25 and|
2 dollar (PPP) a day (%)
(International poverty line)
|Population living below national poverty line (%)|
- ^ a b "World Development Indicators". World Bank. July 9, 2012. http://databank.worldbank.org/ddp/home.do. Retrieved July 25, 2012.
- ^ World Development Indicators, World Bank, accessed on July 24, 2012.
- ^ Population below poverty line, The World Factbook, CIA, accessed on July 25, 2012.
- ^ Data are based on private estimates (2010).
- ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q "Panorama social de América Latina 2010" (in Spanish). ECLAC. http://www.cepal.cl/publicaciones/xml/9/41799/PSE-panoramasocial2010.pdf. Retrieved December 1, 2010.
- ^ a b c Urban areas.
- ^ Based on percent of population living on less than the international standard of $2/day (2009 est.).
- ^ This figure is the Low Income Cut-Off (LICO), a calculation that results in higher figures than found in many comparable economies; Canada does not have an official poverty line (2008).
- ^ Basic Needs Poverty Measure, an absolute poverty measure calculated by the Fraser Institute. (See related article, Poverty in Canada.)
- ^ "La CASEN 2011, precisiones de la CEPAL" (in Spanish). United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean. 1 September 2012. http://www.cepal.cl/prensa/noticias/comunicados/6/47916/Nota_técnica_casen_2011_1_31_09309am.pdf. Retrieved 1 September 2012. Note: The figure is on page 5 of the report.
- ^ In 2011, China set a new poverty line at RMB 2300 (approximately US $363; this new standard is significantly higher than the line set in 2009, and as a result, 128 million Chinese are now considered below the poverty line (2011).
- ^ Central Statistics Office Ireland.
- ^ Israel's poverty line is $7.30 per person per day (2007).
- ^ Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare (MHLW) press release, 20 October 2009 (2010).
- ^ About one-third of Libyans live at or below the national poverty line.
- ^ State Statistical Office of Republic of Macedonia
- ^ Based on food-based definition of poverty; asset based poverty amounted to more than 47% (2008).
- ^ The UNDP's 2005 Human Development Report indicated that 34.9% of the population live on $1 per day and 55.8% live on $2 per day (2005 est.).
- ^ Poverty data: Norway. Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - 2007, US Department of State; Population: Norway - CIA The World Factbook.
- ^ Structure of money incomes and share of expenditures in money incomes of population (Russian).
- ^ El Índice de Miseria de España crece hasta el 26,4%, el mayor de la UE
- ^ Tunisia-human development
- ^ Complete poverty (food+nonfood) Turkish Statistical Institute.
- ^ http://www.thenational.ae/lifestyle/any-poor-emiratis-out-there
- ^ Income, Poverty, and Health Insurance Coverage in U.S.: 2010.
- ^ Percentage of households.