List of countries by number of military and paramilitary personnel

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Countries by number of active soldiers (2009)

This is a list of countries by number of military and paramilitary personnel. It includes any government-sponsored soldiers used to further the domestic and foreign policies of their respective government. The term "country" is used in the sense of state which exercises sovereignty or has limited recognition.

Guide to the list[edit]

The list consists of columns which can be sorted by clicking on the appropriate title:

These numbers are approximations as military forces around the world are constantly changing in size.

Many of the 182 countries listed here, especially those with the highest number of total soldiers, such as the two Koreas and Vietnam, include a large number of paramilitaries, civilians and policemen in their reserve personnel. Some countries, such as India, Italy, Japan and the People's Republic of China, have only volunteers in their armed forces; while others, such as Mauritius and Panama, have no national armies, but only a paramilitary force.

The list[edit]

FlagStateActive militaryReserve militaryParamilitaryTotalTotal per 1000 capitaActive per 1000 capita
AfghanistanAfghanistan[1]200,00000200,0006.46.4
AlbaniaAlbania[2]14,2955,00050019,7955.43.9
AlgeriaAlgeria[3]147,000150,000187,200484,20014.24.3
AngolaAngola[4]107,00000107,0008.48.4
Antigua and BarbudaAntigua and Barbuda[5]1707502452.92
ArgentinaArgentina[6]73,10018,20031,240122,5403.11.8
ArmeniaArmenia[7]46,684210,0004,748261,43288.115.7
AustraliaAustralia[8][9]59,02321,850080,8733.82.8
AustriaAustria[10][11]25,96327,000052,9636.53.2
AzerbaijanAzerbaijan[12]66,940300,00015,000381,94046.48.1
The BahamasBahamas[13]860008602.82.8
BahrainBahrain[14]8,200011,26019,46026.711.3
BangladeshBangladesh[15]280,0002,400,0001,100,0003,780,00024.21.8
BarbadosBarbados[13]61043001,0403.72.1
BelarusBelarus[16]72,940289,500110,000472,440497.6
BelgiumBelgium[17]38,4522,040040,4923.93.7
BelizeBelize[18]1,05070001,7505.73.4
BeninBenin[19]4,75002,5007,2500.80.5
BhutanBhutan[20][21]8,00001,0009,00012.711.3
BoliviaBolivia[22]46,100037,10083,2008.54.7
Bosnia and HerzegovinaBosnia and Herzegovina[23]9,656009,6562.12.1
BotswanaBotswana[24]9,00001,50010,5005.34.5
BrazilBrazil[25][a]327,7101,340,000395,0002,062,71010.41.6
BruneiBrunei[27]7,0007002,2509,95025.618
BulgariaBulgaria[28]35,00013,1503,40051,5507.24.9
Burkina FasoBurkina Faso[29]11,200025011,4500.70.7
BurmaBurma[30]406,0000107,250513,25010.78.4
BurundiBurundi[31]20,000031,05051,0505.42.1
CambodiaCambodia[32]124,300067,000191,30013.28.6
CameroonCameroon[33]14,10009,00023,1001.20.7
CanadaCanada[34]68,25055,1504,554127,9543.82[35]
Cape VerdeCape Verde[36]1,200001,2002.82.8
Central African RepublicCentral African Republic[37]2,15001,0003,1500.70.5
ChadChad[38]25,35009,50034,8503.42.5
ChileChile[39]60,56040,00041,500142,0608.63.6
ChinaPeople's Republic of China[40][41]2,285,000800,0003,969,0007,054,0005.21.7[42]
ColombiaColombia[43]449,415790,000144,0971,383,51229.29.5
Costa RicaCosta Rica[44]009,8009,8002.30
CroatiaCroatia[45]18,60021,0003,00042,6009.54.1
CubaCuba[46][b]49,0001,159,00026,5001,234,500107.84.3
CyprusCyprus[47]10,05050,00075060,800569.3
Czech RepublicCzech Republic[48]17,932010,98828,9202.81.8
Ivory CoastCôte d'Ivoire[49]17,05010,0001,50028,5501.40.8
Democratic Republic of the CongoDemocratic Republic of the Congo[50]151,25101,400152,6512.22.2
DenmarkDenmark[51]26,58553,507080,09214.64.8
DjiboutiDjibouti[52]12,0002,0002,45016,45017.813
Dominican RepublicDominican Republic[53]49,910015,00064,9106.75.2
EcuadorEcuador[54]57,983118,000400176,38312.14
EgyptEgypt[55]468,500479,000397,0001,344,500175.9
El SalvadorEl Salvador[56]15,5009,90017,00042,4005.92.2
Equatorial GuineaEquatorial Guinea[57]1,32002,0003,3205.22.1
EritreaEritrea[58]201,750120,0000321,75052.933.1
EstoniaEstonia[59][60][61]4,75060,00022,50887,25867.23.7
EthiopiaEthiopia[62]138,00000138,0001.61.6
FijiFiji[63]3,5006,00009,50010.13.7
FinlandFinland[64][c]22,600354,60011,500388,700744.3
FranceFrance[65][66] [d]222,21593,09998,155413,4696.43.4
GabonGabon[67]4,70002,0006,7004.43.1
The GambiaGambia[68]800008000.40.4
Georgia (country)Georgia[69][70][71][72]37,46170,00011,700119,16126.58.3
GermanyGermany[73][74][75]182,927144,0000326,92742.2
GhanaGhana[76]15,5000015,5000.60.6
GreeceGreece[77][78]177,600280,0004,000461,60042.716.4
GuatemalaGuatemala[79]15,21263,86318,53697,6117.41.1
GuineaGuinea[80]12,30007,00019,3001.91.2
Guinea-BissauGuinea-Bissau[81]4,45002,0006,4504.22.9
GuyanaGuyana[82]1,1006701,5003,2704.31.5
HaitiHaiti[83]002,0002,0000.20
HondurasHonduras[84]12,00060,0008,00080,00010.21.5
HungaryHungary[85]29,45044,00012,00085,4508.63
IcelandIceland[86]001301300.40
IndiaIndia[87][e]1,325,0002,142,8211,300,5864,768,4073.91.1
IndonesiaIndonesia[88]438,410400,000280,0001,118,4104.61.8
IranIran[89][90][f]523,000350,0001,510,0002,383,00035.97.9
IraqIraq[91]271,40000271,4009.49.4
Republic of IrelandIreland[92]10,46014,875025,3355.52.3
IsraelIsrael[93]176,500445,0007,650629,15079.222.2
ItalyItaly[94][95]180,270167,397347,6675.83
JamaicaJamaica[96]2,83095303,7831.31
JapanJapan[97]230,30041,80012,250284,3502.21.8
JordanJordan[98]100,50065,00010,000175,5002816
KazakhstanKazakhstan[99]49,000031,50080,5005.23.2
KenyaKenya[100]24,12005,00029,1200.70.6
KosovoKosovo[101][102][103]2,50080003,3001.91.4
KuwaitKuwait[104]15,50023,7007,10046,30017.25.8
KyrgyzstanKyrgyzstan[105]10,90009,50020,4003.82
LaosLaos[106]29,1000100,000129,10018.94.3
LatviaLatvia[107][g]5,74510,866016,6117.42.6
LebanonLebanon[108]59,100232,63520,000311,73577.614.7
LesothoLesotho[109]2,000002,0000.90.9
LiberiaLiberia[110]2,400002,4000.70.7
LibyaLibya[111][h]76,00040,0000116,00018.312
LithuaniaLithuania[112]8,8506,70014,60030,1508.52.5
LuxembourgLuxembourg[113]90006121,5123.11.8
MadagascarMadagascar[114]13,50008,10021,60010.7
MalawiMalawi[115]5,30001,5006,8000.50.4
MalaysiaMalaysia[116][i]109,000296,30024,600429,90016.74.2
MaliMali[117]7,35007,80015,1501.10.5
MaltaMalta[118]1,95416702,1215.24.8
MauritaniaMauritania[119]15,87005,00020,8706.75.1
MauritiusMauritius[120]002,0002,0001.60
MexicoMexico[121]267,50639,89936,500343,9053.12.4
MoldovaMoldova[122]5,99866,0002,37974,37717.21.4
MonacoMonaco[123][124][125]002632637.30
MongoliaMongolia[126]10,000137,0007,200154,20050.73.3
MontenegroMontenegro[127]3,127010,10013,22719.74.7
MoroccoMorocco[128]195,800150,00050,000395,80012.76.3
MozambiqueMozambique[129]11,2000011,2000.50.5
NamibiaNamibia[130]9,20006,00015,2007.24.4
NepalNepal[131]95,753062,000157,7535.53.4
NetherlandsNetherlands[132]61,3023,3393,00067,64143.7
New ZealandNew Zealand[133]9,7022,249011,9512.82.3
NicaraguaNicaragua[134]12,0000012,00022
NigerNiger[135]5,30005,40010,7000.70.3
NigeriaNigeria[136]80,000082,000162,0001.10.5
North KoreaDemocratic People's Republic of Korea[137][j]1,106,0008,200,000189,0009,495,000386.745
NorwayNorway[138]24,02545,250069,27514.95.2
OmanOman[139]42,60004,40047,00013.812.5
PakistanPakistan[140][141]617,000513,000304,0001,434,0008.23.5
Palestinian territoriesPalestine[142][k]0056,00056,000140
PanamaPanama[143]0012,00012,0003.60
Papua New GuineaPapua New Guinea[144]3,100003,1000.50.5
ParaguayParaguay[145]10,650164,50014,800189,95027.21.5
PeruPeru[146][l]114,000195,00077,000386,00013.13.9
PhilippinesPhilippines[147][m][148]220,000430,000140,000790,0008.12.2
PolandPoland[149]120,000515,00028,000663,00017.23.1
PortugalPortugal[150]43,330210,90047,700301,93028.24
QatarQatar[151]11,8000011,80013.413.4
Republic of MacedoniaRepublic of Macedonia[152]8,0004,850012,8506.23.9
Republic of the CongoRepublic of the Congo[153]10,00002,00012,00032.5
RomaniaRomania[154]73,35045,00079,900198,2508.93.3
RussiaRussian Federation[155][156][n]766,0002,035,000449,0003,250,00022.75.3
RwandaRwanda[157]33,00002,00035,0003.33.1
Saint Kitts and NevisSaint Kitts and Nevis[158][o]701301193196.21.4
São Tomé and PríncipeSão Tomé and Príncipe[159][160]600006003.33.3
Saudi ArabiaSaudi Arabia[161]233,500015,500249,0008.78.1
SenegalSenegal[162]13,62005,00018,6201.41
SerbiaSerbia[163][164]36,000170,00010,000216,00029.34.9
SeychellesSeychelles[165]20004506507.42.3
Sierra LeoneSierra Leone[166]10,5000010,50022
SingaporeSingapore[167][p]72,500356,50093,800522,800112.215.6
SlovakiaSlovakia[168]16,5310016,53133
SloveniaSlovenia[169]7,2003,8004,50015,5007.73.6
SomaliaSomalia[170]62,00023,000085,0008.66.3
South AfricaSouth Africa[171]62,08215,07112,38289,5351.81.3
South KoreaRepublic of Korea[172][q]687,0001,000,0003,500,0005,187,000103.613.7
South OssetiaSouth Ossetia[173][174]2,50016,000018,500256.934.7
SpainSpain[175]123,30016,00080,210219,5104.72.6
Sri LankaSri Lanka[176][177][r]223,10035,90062,200321,20015.110.5
SudanSudan[176][s]109,30085,00017,500211,8005.22.7
SurinameSuriname[178]1,840001,8403.83.8
SwazilandSwaziland[179][180][181][t]3,00006443,6443.12.5
SwedenSweden[182][u]15,40034,00080050,2005.51.7
SwitzerlandSwitzerland[183]22,059174,0717,000203,13026.72.9
SyriaSyria[184]325,000314,000108,000747,00034.314.9
TaiwanRepublic of China (Taiwan)[185]290,0001,657,00017,0001,964,00085.512.6
TajikistanTajikistan[186]8,80007,50016,3002.21.2
TanzaniaTanzania[187]27,00080,0001,400108,4002.60.7
ThailandThailand[188][189][v]305,860245,000113,700664,56010.14.6
East TimorTimor Leste[190]1,332001,3321.31.3
TongaTonga[191][192]22028005004.52
TogoTogo[193]8,55007509,3001.51.4
Trinidad and TobagoTrinidad and Tobago[194]4,063004,0633.33.3
TunisiaTunisia[195]35,800012,00047,8004.63.4
TurkeyTurkey[196][197]664,049378,70045,1811,087,93014.28.7[198]
TurkmenistanTurkmenistan[199]22,0000022,0004.54.5
UgandaUganda[200]45,00001,80046,8001.41.4
UkraineUkraine[201][202]130,0001,000,00084,9001,214,90026.62.8
United Arab EmiratesUnited Arab Emirates[203]51,0000051,00010.610.6
United KingdomUnited Kingdom[204][205][206]205,850181,7200387,5706.33.4
United StatesUnited States of America[w][207][208][209][210]1,429,995850,88011,0352,291,9107.34.5
UruguayUruguay[211]24,621092025,5417.37
UzbekistanUzbekistan[212]67,000020,00087,0003.22.4
VanuatuVanuatu[213]003003001.30
VenezuelaVenezuela[214][215]115,00038,000400,000553,00020.64.3
VietnamVietnam[216][x]455,0005,000,00040,0005,495,000625.1
YemenYemen[217]66,700071,200137,90062.9
ZambiaZambia[218]15,1003,0001,40019,5001.61.3
ZimbabweZimbabwe[219]29,000021,80050,8004.52.5

Not included in the list are the militaries of Abkhazia, Nagorno-Karabakh, Northern Cyprus and San Marino.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Paramilitary activities in Brazil are forbidden by the Brazilian Federal Constitution.[26]
  2. ^ The reserve personnel of Cuba includes 1,120,000 paramilitary from Youth Labour Army, Civil Defence and Territorial Troops Militia.
  3. ^ The reserve personnel of Finland includes 11,500 paramilitary from Finnish Border Guard.
  4. ^ The active personnel of France includes National Gendarmerie, a military institution part of French Armed Forces.
  5. ^ The reserve personnel of India includes 987,821 paramilitary from Indian Home Guard and Civil Defence.
  6. ^ The reserve personnel of Iran includes Basij, a paramilitary militia with claimed membership of 12.6 million (including women and children), which after mobilization can reach about 1,000,000 people able to fight.
  7. ^ The reserve personnel of Latvia includes 10,866 paramilitary from Latvian National Guard.
  8. ^ The numbers for Libya predate the Libyan civil war.
  9. ^ The reserve personnel of Malaysia includes 244,700 paramilitary from People's Volunteer Corps.
  10. ^ The reserve personnel of North Korea includes 3,500,000 paramilitary from Worker-Peasant Red Guard.
  11. ^ The personnel of Palestinian National Authority includes only organisations under the Directorate of Police Force; personnel strength figures for the various Palestinian groups in Gaza Strip, such as Hamas, are not known.
  12. ^ The reserve personnel of Peru includes 7,000 paramilitary from Ronda Campesina.
  13. ^ The reserve personnel of Philippines includes 40,000 paramilitary from Citizen Armed Force Geographical Unit.
  14. ^ The potential reserve personnel of Russia may be as high as 20 million, depending on how the figures are counted.
  15. ^ The paramilitary personnel of Saint Kitts and Nevis includes 119 members of the Cadet Corps.
  16. ^ The reserve personnel of Singapore includes 44,000 paramilitary from Singapore Police Force and Civil Defence Force.
  17. ^ The reserve personnel of South Korea includes 3,500,000 paramilitary from Homeland Reserve Forces.
  18. ^ The reserve personnel of Sri Lanka includes 30,400 paramilitary from Sri Lanka Police Service.
  19. ^ The reserve personnel of Sudan includes 85,000 paramilitary from the Popular Defence Force.
  20. ^ The paramilitary personnel of Swaziland includes 644 offices from Royal Swaziland Police.
  21. ^ The reserve personnel of Sweden includes 42,000 paramilitary from the Home Guard.
  22. ^ The reserve personnel of Thailand includes 45,000 paramilitary from National Security Volunteer Corps.
  23. ^ The paramilitary personnel of the United States does not include approximately 800,000 uniformed police officers employed at the local, state, and federal levels.
  24. ^ The reserve personnel of Vietnam includes 5,000,000 paramilitary from People's Public Security and Civil Defense.

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Bibliography[edit]

Further reading[edit]