List of countries by intentional homicide rate

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List of countries by intentional homicide rate per year per 100,000 inhabitants. The reliability of underlying national murder rate data may vary.[1] The legal definition of "intentional homicide" differs among countries. Intentional homicide may or may not include infanticide, assisted suicide or euthanasia.[2]

Intentional homicide demographics are affected by changes in trauma care, leading to changed lethality of violent assaults, so the intentional homicide rate may not necessarily indicate the overall level of societal violence.[3] They may also be underreported for political reasons.[4][5] Another problem for the comparability of the following figures is that some data may include attempts. In general the values in these lists should not include attempts except when mentioned otherwise.

A study undertaken by the Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development estimated that there were approximately 490,000 intentional homicides in 2004. The study estimated that the global rate was 7.6 intentional homicides per 100,000 inhabitants for 2004.[6] For the year 2010 UNODC made a similar study. It presumed a number of 468,000 intentional homicides for this year. That would correspond to a worldwide rate of 6.9.[7]

Countries by rate of intentional homicides per 100,000 inhabitants. Source: UNODC.
  0-1
  1-2
  2-5
  5-10
  10-20
  >20

Contents

Global study

The UNODC made a study in 2012 that includes most countries of the world. The following lists show only the most recent data. Intentional homicide in this case is defined as unlawful death purposefully inflicted on a person by another person.[8]

By region

UNODC murder rates most recent year
RegionRateCount
    Africa17.0169,105
    Americas15.4144,595
    Asia3.1127,120
    Europe3.524,025
    Oceania2.91,180
       World6.9466,078

"Rate" in column 2 is defined as deaths per 100,000 population.

By subregion

UNODC murder rates most recent year
SubregionRateCountRegion
    Eastern Africa21.969,344Africa
    Middle Africa20.825,330Africa
    Northern Africa5.912,276Africa
    Southern Africa30.517,484Africa
    Western Africa15.444,671Africa
    Caribbean16.97,001Americas
    Central America28.544,997Americas
    Northern America3.913,558Americas
    South America20.079,039Americas
    Central Asia6.13,667Asia
    Eastern Asia1.319,828Asia
    South-Eastern Asia6.034,787Asia
    Southern Asia3.863,102Asia
    Western Asia2.65,736Asia
    Eastern Europe6.419,072Europe
    Northern Europe1.51,432Europe
    Southern Europe1.41,669Europe
    Western Europe1.01,852Europe
    Australasia1.0268Oceania
    Melanesia11.1898Oceania
    Micronesia2.510Oceania
    Polynesia0.13Oceania

By country

UNODC murder rates most recent year (full table here)
CountryRateCountRegionSubregion
 Burundi21.71,726AfricaEastern Africa
 Comoros12.285AfricaEastern Africa
 Djibouti3.429AfricaEastern Africa
 Eritrea17.8879AfricaEastern Africa
 Ethiopia22.520,239AfricaEastern Africa
 Kenya20.17,733AfricaEastern Africa
 Madagascar8.11,588AfricaEastern Africa
 Mauritius2.533AfricaEastern Africa
 Mozambique8.81,925AfricaEastern Africa
 Rwanda17.11,708AfricaEastern Africa
 Seychelles8.37AfricaEastern Africa
 Somalia1.5138+AfricaEastern Africa
 Tanzania24.510,357AfricaEastern Africa
 Zimbabwe14.31,775AfricaEastern Africa
 Angola19.03,426AfricaMiddle Africa
 Cameroon19.73,700AfricaMiddle Africa
 Central African Republic29.31,240AfricaMiddle Africa
 Chad15.81,686AfricaMiddle Africa
 Congo30.81,180AfricaMiddle Africa
 Democratic Republic of the Congo21.713,558AfricaMiddle Africa
 Equatorial Guinea20.7137AfricaMiddle Africa
 São Tomé and Príncipe1.93AfricaMiddle Africa
 Gabon13.8200AfricaMiddle Africa
 Algeria1.5516AfricaNorthern Africa
 Egypt1.2992AfricaNorthern Africa
 Libya2.9176+AfricaNorthern Africa
 Morocco1.4447AfricaNorthern Africa
 Sudan24.210,028++AfricaNorthern Africa
 Tunisia1.1117AfricaNorthern Africa
 Botswana14.5287AfricaSouthern Africa
 Lesotho35.2764AfricaSouthern Africa
 Namibia17.2352AfricaSouthern Africa
 South Africa31.815,940AfricaSouthern Africa
 Swaziland12.9141AfricaSouthern Africa
 Benin15.11,262AfricaWestern Africa
 Burkina Faso18.02,876AfricaWestern Africa
 Cape Verde11.656AfricaWestern Africa
 Côte d'Ivoire56.910,801AfricaWestern Africa
 Gambia10.8106AfricaWestern Africa
 Ghana15.73,646AfricaWestern Africa
 Guinea22.52,152AfricaWestern Africa
 Guinea-Bissau20.2294AfricaWestern Africa
 Liberia10.1371AfricaWestern Africa
 Mali8.01,157AfricaWestern Africa
 Mauritania14.7485AfricaWestern Africa
 Niger3.8552AfricaWestern Africa
 Nigeria12.218,422AfricaWestern Africa
 Senegal8.71,027AfricaWestern Africa
 Sierra Leone14.9837AfricaWestern Africa
 Togo10.9627AfricaWestern Africa
 Anguilla6.81AmericasCaribbean
 Antigua and Barbuda6.86AmericasCaribbean
 Bahamas27.494AmericasCaribbean
 Barbados11.331AmericasCaribbean
 British Virgin Islands8.62AmericasCaribbean
 Cayman Islands8.45AmericasCaribbean
 Cuba5.0563AmericasCaribbean
 Dominica22.115AmericasCaribbean
 Dominican Republic25.02,513AmericasCaribbean
 Grenada11.512AmericasCaribbean
 Guadeloupe7.032AmericasCaribbean
 Haiti6.9689AmericasCaribbean
 Jamaica52.21,430AmericasCaribbean
 Martinique4.217AmericasCaribbean
 Montserrat19.71AmericasCaribbean
 Puerto Rico26.2983AmericasCaribbean
 Saint Kitts and Nevis38.220AmericasCaribbean
 Saint Lucia25.244AmericasCaribbean
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines22.925AmericasCaribbean
 Trinidad and Tobago35.2472AmericasCaribbean
 Turks and Caicos Islands8.73AmericasCaribbean
 U.S. Virgin Islands39.243AmericasCaribbean
 Belize41.4129AmericasCentral America
 Costa Rica10.0474AmericasCentral America
 El Salvador69.24,308AmericasCentral America
 Guatemala38.55,681AmericasCentral America
 Honduras91.67,104AmericasCentral America
 Mexico22.725,757+AmericasNorthern America
 Nicaragua13.6785AmericasCentral America
 Panama21.6759AmericasCentral America
 Bermuda12.38AmericasNorthern America
 Canada1.6554AmericasNorthern America
 United States4.814,748AmericasNorthern America
 Argentina3.41,360*[Nota 1][9]AmericasSouth America
 Bolivia8.9884AmericasSouth America
 Brazil21.040,974AmericasSouth America
 Chile3.2541AmericasSouth America
 Colombia31.014,670+[10]AmericasSouth America
 Ecuador15.22,638AmericasSouth America
 French Guiana13.330AmericasSouth America
 Guyana18.6140AmericasSouth America
 Paraguay11.5741AmericasSouth America
 Peru10.32,969AmericasSouth America
 Suriname4.624AmericasSouth America
 Uruguay5.9199AmericasSouth America
 Venezuela45.113,080AmericasSouth America
 Kazakhstan8.81,418AsiaCentral Asia
 Kyrgyzstan20.11,072AsiaCentral Asia
 Tajikistan2.1143AsiaCentral Asia
 Turkmenistan4.2203AsiaCentral Asia
 Uzbekistan3.1831AsiaCentral Asia
 China1.013,410AsiaEastern Asia
 Taiwan3.2743AsiaEastern Asia
 North Korea15.23,658AsiaEastern Asia
 Hong Kong0.217AsiaEastern Asia
 Japan0.4506AsiaEastern Asia
 Macau0.74AsiaEastern Asia
 Mongolia8.7239AsiaEastern Asia
 South Korea2.61,251AsiaEastern Asia
 Brunei0.52AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia
 Cambodia3.4448AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia
 Indonesia8.118,963AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia
 Laos4.6279AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia
 Malaysia2.3604AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia
 Myanmar10.24,800AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia
 Philippines5.44,947AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia
 Singapore0.316AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia
 Thailand4.83,307AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia
 Timor-Leste6.975AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia
 Vietnam1.61,346AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia
 Afghanistan2.4712+AsiaSouthern Asia
 Bangladesh2.73,988AsiaSouthern Asia
 Bhutan1.07AsiaSouthern Asia
 India3.440,752+AsiaSouthern Asia
 Iran3.02,215AsiaSouthern Asia
 Maldives1.65AsiaSouthern Asia
 Nepal2.8818AsiaSouthern Asia
 Pakistan7.813,860+AsiaSouthern Asia
 Sri Lanka3.6745AsiaSouthern Asia
 Armenia1.444AsiaWestern Asia
 Azerbaijan2.2206AsiaWestern Asia
 Bahrain0.66AsiaWestern Asia
 Cyprus1.719AsiaWestern Asia
 Iraq2.0608+AsiaWestern Asia
 Israel2.1159+AsiaWestern Asia
 Jordan1.8100AsiaWestern Asia
 Kuwait2.259AsiaWestern Asia
 Lebanon2.295AsiaWestern Asia
 Palestine4.1145+AsiaWestern Asia
 Oman0.718AsiaWestern Asia
 Qatar0.913AsiaWestern Asia
 Saudi Arabia1.0265+AsiaWestern Asia
 Syria2.3463+AsiaWestern Asia
 Turkey3.32,320+AsiaWestern Asia
 United Arab Emirates0.839AsiaWestern Asia
 Yemen4.2990+AsiaWestern Asia
 Belarus4.9473EuropeEastern Europe
 Bulgaria2.0147EuropeEastern Europe
 Czech Republic1.7181EuropeEastern Europe
 Georgia4.3187EuropeEastern Europe
 Hungary1.3133EuropeEastern Europe
 Poland1.1436EuropeEastern Europe
 Moldova7.5267EuropeEastern Europe
 Romania2.0421EuropeEastern Europe
 Russia10.214,574EuropeEastern Europe
 Slovakia1.584EuropeEastern Europe
 Ukraine5.22,356EuropeEastern Europe
 Denmark0.947EuropeNorthern Europe
 Estonia5.270EuropeNorthern Europe
 Finland2.2118EuropeNorthern Europe
 Greenland19.211EuropeNorthern Europe
 Iceland0.31EuropeNorthern Europe
 Ireland1.254EuropeNorthern Europe
 Latvia3.170EuropeNorthern Europe
 Lithuania6.6219EuropeNorthern Europe
 Norway0.629EuropeNorthern Europe
 Sweden1.091EuropeNorthern Europe
 United Kingdom1.2722EuropeNorthern Europe
 Albania4.0127EuropeSouthern Europe
 Andorra1.31EuropeSouthern Europe
 Bosnia and Herzegovina1.556EuropeSouthern Europe
 Croatia1.462EuropeSouthern Europe
 Greece1.5176EuropeSouthern Europe
 Italy0.9529EuropeSouthern Europe
 Malta1.04EuropeSouthern Europe
 Montenegro3.522EuropeSouthern Europe
 Portugal1.2124EuropeSouthern Europe
 Serbia1.2123EuropeSouthern Europe
 Slovenia0.715EuropeSouthern Europe
 Spain0.8390EuropeSouthern Europe
 Macedonia1.940EuropeSouthern Europe
 Austria0.656EuropeWestern Europe
 Belgium1.7180EuropeWestern Europe
 France1.1682EuropeWestern Europe
 Germany0.8690EuropeWestern Europe
 Liechtenstein2.81EuropeWestern Europe
 Luxembourg2.512EuropeWestern Europe
 Monaco0.00EuropeWestern Europe
 Netherlands1.1179EuropeWestern Europe
 Switzerland0.752EuropeWestern Europe
 Australia1.0229OceaniaAustralasia
 New Zealand0.939OceaniaAustralasia
 Fiji2.823OceaniaMelanesia
 Papua New Guinea13.0854OceaniaMelanesia
 Solomon Islands3.719OceaniaMelanesia
 Vanuatu0.92OceaniaMelanesia
 Guam0.61OceaniaMicronesia
 Kiribati7.37OceaniaMicronesia
 Federated States of Micronesia0.91OceaniaMicronesia
 Nauru9.81OceaniaMicronesia
 Palau0.00OceaniaMicronesia
 French Polynesia0.41OceaniaPolynesia
 Samoa1.12OceaniaPolynesia
 Tonga1.01OceaniaPolynesia

"rate" in column 2 is defined as deaths per 100,000 population.

  1. ^ *: Argentina's homicide rate is subject to falsification.

Country subdivisions

Australia

Canada

Mexico

United States

See also

Criminology:

References

  1. ^ Richards, Patsy (1999-05-27). "Homicide statistics, research paper 99/56" (PDF). House of commons library, Social and general statistics section. p. 29. http://www.parliament.uk/commons/lib/research/rp99/rp99-056.pdf. Retrieved 2007-01-11.
  2. ^ Harris, Anthony R.; Stephen H. Thomas; Gene A. Fisher; David J. Hirsch (05 2002). "Murder and medicine: the lethality of criminal assault 1960-1999" (fee required). Homicide studies 6 (2): 128–166. doi:10.1177/1088767902006002003. http://hsx.sagepub.com/cgi/content/abstract/6/2/128. Retrieved 2006-12-08.
  3. ^ Harris, Anthony R.; Stephen H. Thomas; Gene A. Fisher; David J. Hirsch (05 2002). "Murder and medicine: the lethality of criminal assault 1960-1999" (fee required). Homicide studies 6 (2): 128–166. doi:10.1177/1088767902006002003. http://hsx.sagepub.com/cgi/content/abstract/6/2/128. Retrieved 2006-12-08.
  4. ^ Fry, Don. Believing the news ISBN 0-935742-11-5, ISBN 978-0-935742-11-4
  5. ^ Vizzard, William J. Shots in the dark ISBN 0-8476-9560-3, ISBN 978-0-8476-9560-7
  6. ^ "Global Burden of Armed Violence Report". Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development. http://www.genevadeclaration.org/fileadmin/docs/Global-Burden-of-Armed-Violence-full-report.pdf.
  7. ^ "Global Study on Homicide". UNODC. http://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/statistics/Homicide/Globa_study_on_homicide_2011_web.pdf.
  8. ^ "Homicide Statistics 2012". UNODC. http://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/statistics/crime/Homicide_statistics2012.xls.
  9. ^ Gallo, Daniel (September 5, 2012). "Alteraron la estadística de homicidios". La Nación. http://www.lanacion.com.ar/1505475-alteraron-la-estadistica-de-homicidios.
  10. ^ "Colombia registra en 2012 la cifra más baja de homicidios en últimos 27 años". América Economía. http://www.americaeconomia.com/politica-sociedad/mundo/colombia-registra-en-2012-la-cifra-mas-baja-de-homicidios-en-ultimos-27-anos.
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h Dearden, Jack; Jones, Warwick (pdf). Homicide in Australia: 2006-07 National Homicide Monitoring Program annual report (Report). Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology. p. 113. http://www.aic.gov.au/documents/0/B/6/%7B0B619F44-B18B-47B4-9B59-F87BA643CBAA%7Dfacts11.pdf.
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h Homicide Statistics: 2011 Australian Government report (Report). Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology.
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h (pdf) Recorded Crime-Victims (Report). Canberra: Australian Bureau of Statistics. http://www.ausstats.abs.gov.au/Ausstats/subscriber.nsf/0/990A014955F3818DCA2577360017E331/$File/45100_2009.pdf.
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "Canada Summary Tables". Statistics Canada. http://www.statcan.gc.ca/tables-tableaux/sum-som/l01/cst01/legal12b-eng.htm.
  15. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae "Mexican Crime Stats 2010". RRS y Asociados, S.C. http://www.prominix.com/sblock/admin/images/Mexico%20Crime%20Stats%202010.pdf.
  16. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae "Mexican Crime Stats 2011". RRS y Asociados, S.C. http://www.prominix.com/sblock/admin/images/Mexico%20Crime%20Stats%202011.pdf.
  17. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay "State-by-state and National Crime Estimates by Year(s)". Federal Bureau of Investigation. http://www.ucrdatatool.gov/Search/Crime/State/StatebyState.cfm.
  18. ^ "Puerto Rico Homicide Rates". Universidad de Puerto Rico. http://tendenciaspr.uprrp.edu/Violencia/Asesinatos/tasas_pr_62-2009.htm.
  19. ^ "Homicide Trends 2003-2008". UNODC. http://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/Crime-statistics/Pivot_by_Country.20100201.xls.

External links