List of countries by literacy rate

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World map indicating literacy by country in 2013 (2013 UN Human Development Report and Individual statistics departments) Grey = no data

This is a list of countries by literacy rate. The figures represent a mixture of data collected by the CIA World Factbook,[1] and national self-reported data. Where data was unavailable, older figures were used. For highly developed/high income countries where literacy statistics were not collected, a rate of 99% was assumed.

List[edit]

According to the CIA World Factbook, almost 75% of the world's 775 million illiterate adults are concentrated in ten countries (in descending order: India, China, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nigeria, Ethiopia, Egypt, Brazil, Indonesia, and the Democratic Republic of Congo). Women represent two-thirds of all illiterate adults globally. Extremely low literacy rates are focused in three regions: South Asia, West Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa. The global literacy rate for all people aged 15 and over is 84.1%. The global literacy rate for all males is 88.6% and the rate for all females is 79.7%.[2]

CountryLiteracy rate (all)Male LiteracyFemale LiteracyCriteria
-9e99-9e99!a-9e99
 World84.1%88.6%79.7%age 15 and over can read and write (2010 est.)[1]
 Afghanistan28.1%43.1%12.6%age 15 and over can read and write (2000 est.)[1]
 Albania96.8%98%95.7%age 9 and over can read and write (2011 est.)[1]
 Algeria72.6%81.3%63.9%age 15 and over can read and write (2010)[3]
 American Samoa97%98%97%age 15 and over can read and write (1980 est.)[1]
 Andorra100%100%100%age 15 and over can read and write[1]
 Angola70.4%82.6%58.6%age 15 and over can read and write (2011 est.)[1]
 Anguilla95%95%95%age 12 and over can read and write (1984 est.)[1]
 Antigua and Barbuda99%98.4%99.4%age 15 and over has completed five or more years of schooling (2011 est.)[1]
 Argentina97.9%97.8%97.9%age 10 and over can read and write (2011 est.)[1]
 Armenia99.6%99.7%99.5%age 15 and over can read and write (2011 est.)[1]
 Aruba96.8%96.9%96.7%age 15 and over can read and write (2010 est.)[1]
 Australia96%96%96%age 15 and over can read brief texts on familiar topics (2011-2)[4]
 Austria98%N/AN/Aage 15 and over can read and write[1]
 Azerbaijan99.8%99.9%99.7%age 15 and over can read and write (2010 census)[1]
 Bahamas, The95.6%94.7%96.5%age 15 and over can read and write (2003 est.)[1]
 Bahrain94.6%96.1%91.6%age 15 and over can read and write (2010 census)[1]
 Bangladesh57.7%62%53.4%age 15 and over can read and write (2011 est.)[1]
 Barbados99.7%99.7%99.7%age 15 and over has ever attended school (2002 est.)[1]
 Belarus99.6%99.8%99.5%age 15 and over can read and write (2009 census)[1]
 Belgium99%99%99%age 15 and over can read and write (2003 est.)[1]
 Belize76.9%76.7%77.1%age 15 and over can read and write (2000 census)[1]
 Benin42.4%55.2%30.3%age 15 and over can read and write (2010 census)[1]
 Bermuda98%98%99%age 15 and over can read and write (2005 est.)[1]
 Bhutan52.8%65%38.7%age 15 and over can read and write (2005 est.)[1]
 Bolivia91.2%95.8%86.8%age 15 and over can read and write (2009 est.)[1]
 Bosnia and Herzegovina99.4%99.8%98.9%age 15 and over can read and write (2011 est.)[1]
 Botswana85.1%84.6%85.6%age 15 and over can read and write (2011 est.)[1]
 Brazil91.3%N/AN/Aage 15 and over can read and write (2012 est.)[5][6][7]
 British Virgin Islands97.8%N/AN/Aage 15 and over can read and write (1991 est.)[1]
 Brunei95.4%97%93.9%age 15 and over can read and write (2011 est.)[1]
 Bulgaria98.4%98.7%98%age 15 and over can read and write (2011)[1]
 Burkina Faso28.7%36.7%21.6%age 15 and over can read and write (2007 est.)[1]
 Burma92.7%95.1%90.4%age 15 and over can read and write (2011 est.)[1]
 Burundi67.2%72.9%61.8%age 15 and over can read and write (2010 est.)[1]
 Cambodia73.9%82.8%65.9%age 15 and over can read and write (2009 est.)[1]
 Cameroon71.3%78.3%64.8%age 15 and over can read and write (2010 est.)[1]
 Canada99%99%99%age 15 and over can read and write (2003 est.)[1]
 Cape Verde84.9%89.7%80.3%age 15 and over can read and write (2011 est.)[1]
 Cayman Islands98.9%98.7%99%age 15 and over has ever attended school (2007 est.)[1]
 Central African Republic56.6%69.6%44.2%age 15 and over can read and write (2011 est.)[1]
 Chad35.4%45.6%25.4%age 15 and over can read and write (2011 est.)[1]
 Chile98.6%98.6%98.5%age 15 and over can read and write (2009 est.)[1]
 China95.1%97.5%92.7%age 15 and over can read and write (2010 est.)[1]
 Christmas IslandN/AN/AN/A[1]
 Cocos (Keeling) IslandsN/AN/AN/A[1]
 Colombia93.6%93.5%93.7%age 15 and over can read and write (2011 est)[1]
 Comoros75.5%80.5%70.6%age 15 and over can read and write (2011 est.)[1]
 Congo, Democratic Republic of the66.8%76.9%57%age 15 and over can read and write (2010 est.)[1]
 Congo, Republic of the83.8%89.6%78.4%age 15 and over can read and write (2003 est.)[1]
 Cook Islands95%N/AN/Aage 15 and over can read and write[1]
 Costa Rica96.3%96%96.5%age 15 and over can read and write (2011 est.)[1]
 Croatia99.2%99.4%98.7%age 10 and over can read and write (2011 est.)[8]
 Cuba99.8%99.8%99.8%age 15 and over can read and write (2011 est.)[1]
 Cyprus98.7%99.3%98.1%age 15 and over can read and write (2011 est.)[1]
 Czech Republic99%99%99%(2011 est.)[1]
 Denmark99%99%99%age 15 and over can read and write (2003 est.)[1]
 Djibouti70%N/AN/Aage 15 and over can read and write (2012 est.)[9]
 Dominica94%94%94%age 15 and over has ever attended school (2003 est.)[1]
 Dominican Republic90.1%90%90.2%age 15 and over can read and write (2011 est.)[1]
 Ecuador91.6%93.1%90.2%age 15 and over can read and write (2011 est.)[1]
 Egypt73.9%81.7%65.8%age 10 and over can read and write (2012 est.)[1]
 El Salvador84.5%87.1%82.3%age 15 and over can read and write (2010 est.)[1]
 Equatorial Guinea94.2%97.1%91.1%age 15 and over can read and write (2011 est.)[1]
 Eritrea80%N/AN/Aage 15 and over can read and write (2013 est.)[10]
 Estonia99.8%99.8%99.8%age 15 and over can read and write (2011 est.)[1]
 Ethiopia39%49.1%28.9%age 15 and over can read and write (2007 est.)[1]
 Falkland IslandsN/AN/AN/A[1]
 Faroe IslandsN/AN/AN/ANote - probably 99%, the same as Denmark proper[1]
 Fiji93.7%95.5%91.9%age 15 and over can read and write (2003 est.)[1]
 Finland100%100%100%age 15 and over can read and write (2000 est.)[1]
 France99%99%99%age 15 and over can read and write (2003 est.)[1]
 French Polynesia98%98%98%age 14 and over can read and write (1977 est.)[1]
 Gabon88.4%91.9%84.9%age 15 and over can read and write (2010 est.)[1]
 Gambia, The50%60%40.4%age 15 and over can read and write (2010 est.)[1]
 Gaza Strip96.4%98.3%94.3%age 15 and over can read and write (2012 est.)[11]
 Georgia99.7%99.8%99.7%age 15 and over can read and write (2010 est.)[1]
 Germany99%99%99%age 15 and over can read and write (2003 est.)[1]
 Ghana71.5%78.3%65.3%age 15 and over can read and write (2010 census)[1]
 Gibraltar>80%N/AN/A[1]
 Greece98%98.8%99%age 15 and over can read and write (2001 census)[1]
 Greenland100%100%100%age 15 and over can read and write (2001 est.)[1]
 Grenada96%NANAage 15 and over can read and write (2003 est.)[1]
 Guam99%99%99%age 15 and over can read and write (1990 est.)[1]
 Guatemala69.1%75.4%63.3%age 15 and over can read and write (2002 census)[1]
 GuernseyN/AN/AN/A[1]
 Guinea41%52%30%age 15 and over can read and write (2010 est.)[1]
 Guinea-Bissau55.3%68.9%42.1%age 15 and over can read and write (2011 est.)[1]
 Guyana91.8%92%91.6%age 15 and over has ever attended school (2002 census)[1]
 Haiti52.9%54.8%51.2%age 15 and over can read and write (2003 est.)[1]
 Honduras80%79.8%80.2%age 15 and over can read and write (2001 census)[1]
 Hong Kong93.5%96.9%89.6%age 15 and over has ever attended school (2002)[1]
 Hungary99%99.2%98.9%age 15 and over can read and write (2011 est.)[1]
 Iceland99%99%99%age 15 and over can read and write (2003 est.)[1]
 India74.4%82.1%65.5%age 7 and over can read and write (2011 census)[12]
 Indonesia92.8%97%89.6%age 15 and over can read and write (2010 est.)[1]
 Iran85%89.3%80.7%age 15 and over can read and write (2008 est.)[13]
 Iraq80.2%89%73.6%age 15 and over can read and write (2012 est.)[1]
 Ireland99%99%99%age 15 and over can read and write (2003 est.)[1]
 Isle of ManN/AN/AN/A[1]
 Israel97.1%98.5%95.9%age 15 and over can read and write (2004 est.)[1]
 Italy99%99.2%98.7%age 15 and over can read and write (2011 census)[1]
 Ivory Coast56.2%65.2%46.6%age 15 and over can read and write (2010 est.)[1]
 Jamaica87.9%84.1%91.6%age 15 and over has ever attended school (2003 est.)[1]
 Japan99%99%99%age 15 and over can read and write (2002 census)[1]
 JerseyN/AN/AN/A[1]
 Jordan93.4%96.6%90.2%age 15 and over can read and write (2011 est.)[1]
 Kazakhstan99.5%99.8%99.3%age 15 and over can read and write (1999 est.)[1]
 Kenya87.4%90.6%84.2%age 15 and over can read and write (2010 est.)[1]
 KiribatiN/AN/AN/A[1]
 Korea, North100%100%100%age 15 and over can read and write (2008 est.)[1]
 Korea, South97.9%99.2%96.6%age 15 and over can read and write (2002)[1]
 Kosovo, Republic of91.9%96.6%87.5%age 15 and over can read and write (2007 census)[1]
 Kuwait94%94.4%97%age 15 and over can read and write (2007-2011 census)[14]
 Kyrgyzstan98.7%99.3%98.1%age 15 and over can read and write (1999 census)[1]
 Laos73%83%63%age 15 and over can read and write (2005 census)[1]
 Latvia99.8%99.8%99.8%age 15 and over can read and write (2011 est.)[1]
 Lebanon89.6%93.4%86%age 15 and over can read and write (2003 est.)[1]
 Lesotho89.6%83.3%95.6%age 15 and over can read and write (2010 est.)[1]
 Liberia60.8%64.8%56.8%age 15 and over can read and write (2010 est.)[1]
 Libya94.2%98.6%90.7%age 15 and over can read and write (2010 est.)[1]
 Liechtenstein100%100%100%age 10 and over can read and write[1]
 Lithuania99.7%99.7%99.7%age 15 and over can read and write (2010 est.)[1]
 Luxembourg100%100%100%age 15 and over can read and write (2000 est.)[1]
 Macau91.3%95.3%87.8%age 15 and over can read and write (2001 census)[1]
 Macedonia, Republic of97.3%98.7%95.9%age 15 and over can read and write (2010 est.)[1]
 Madagascar64.5%67.4%61.6%age 15 and over can read and write (2009 est.)[1]
 Malawi74.8%81.1%68.5%age 15 and over can read and write (2010 est.)[1]
 Malaysia93.1%95.4%90.7%age 15 and over can read and write (2010 census)[1]
 Maldives99%99%99%age 15 and over can read and write (2006 census)[1]
 Mali27.7%36.1%19.8%age 15 and over can read and write (2009 census)[1]
 Malta92.8%91.7%93.9%age 10 and over can read and write (2005 census)[1]
 Marshall Islands93.7%93.6%93.7%age 15 and over can read and write (1999 est.)[1]
 Mauritania58%64.9%51.2%age 15 and over can read and write (2010 est.)[1]
 Mauritius89.8%92.3%87.3%age 15 and over can read and write (2011 census)[15]
 Mexico93.4%93.7%93.1%age 15 and over can read and write (2009 estimate)[1]
 Micronesia, Federated States of89%91%88%age 15 and over can read and write (1980 est.)[1]
 Moldova98.5%99.1%98.1%age 15 and over can read and write (2010 est.)[1]
 Monaco99%99%99%age 15 and over can read and write (2003 est.)[1]
 Mongolia97.4%96.9%97.9%age 15 and over can read and write (2010 est.)[1]
 Montenegro98.4%99.4%97.4%age 15 and over can read and write (2010 est.)[1]
 Montserrat97%97%97%age 15 and over has ever attended school (1970 est.)[1]
 Morocco67.1%76.1%57.6%age 15 and over can read and write (2011 est.)[1]
 Mozambique56.1%70.8%42.8%age 15 and over can read and write (2010 est.)[1]
 Namibia88.8%89%88.5%age 15 and over can read and write (2010 est.)[1]
 NauruN/AN/AN/A[1]
   Nepal66%75.1%57.4%age 15 and over can read and write (2010 census)[1]
 Netherlands99%99%99%age 15 and over can read and write (2003 est.)[1]
 New Caledonia96.2%96.8%95.5%age 15 and over can read and write (1996 census)[1]
 New Zealand99%99%99%age 15 and over can read and write (2003 est.)[1]
 Nicaragua67.5%67.2%67.8%age 15 and over can read and write (2003 est.)[1]
 Niger28.7%42.9%15.1%age 15 and over can read and write (2005 est.)[1]
 Nigeria61.3%72.1%50.4%age 15 and over can read and write (2010 est.)[1]
 Niue95%N/AN/A[1]
 Norfolk Island100%100%100%[1]
 Northern Mariana Islands97%97%96%age 15 and over can read and write (1980 est.)[1]
 Norway100%100%100%[1]
 Oman81.4%86.8%73.5%age 15 and over can read and write (2003 census)[1]
 Pakistan55%67%42%age 15 and over can read and write.[2]
 Palau92%93%90%age 15 and over can read and write (1980 est.)[1]
 Palestine95.6%98.1%93.1%age 15 and over can read and write (2012 est.)[16]
 Panama91.9%92.5%91.2%age 15 and over can read and write (2000 census)[1]
 Papua New Guinea57.3%63.4%50.9%age 15 and over can read and write (2000 census)[1]
 Paraguay94%94.9%93%age 15 and over can read and write (2003 est.)[1]
 Peru92.9%96.4%89.4%age 15 and over can read and write (2007 census)[1]
 Philippines95.4%95%95.8%age 15 and over can read and write[1]
 Pitcairn IslandsN/AN/AN/A[1]
 Poland99.7%99.9%99.6%age 15 and over can read and write (2011 est.)[1]
 Portugal95.4%97%94%age 15 and over can read and write (2011 est.)[1]
 Puerto Rico94.1%93.9%94.4%age 15 and over can read and write (2002 est.)[1]
 Qatar96.3%96.5%95.4%age 15 and over can read and write (2010 est.)[1]
 Romania97.7%98.3%97.1%age 15 and over can read and write (2011 est.)[1]
 Russia99.7%99.7%99.6%age 15 and over can read and write (2010 est.)[1]
 Rwanda71.1%74.8%67.5%age 15 and over can read and write (2010 est.)[1]
 Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha97%97%98%age 20 and over can read and write (1987 est.)[1]
 Saint Kitts and Nevis97.8%N/AN/Aage 15 and over has ever attended school (2003 est.)[1]
 Saint Lucia90.1%89.5%90.6%age 15 and over has ever attended school (2001 est.)[1]
 Saint Pierre and Miquelon99%99%99%age 15 and over can read and write (1982 est.)[1]
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines96%96%96%age 15 and over has ever attended school (1970 est.)[1]
 Samoa99.7%99.6%99.7%age 15 and over can read and write (2003 est.)[1]
 San Marino96%97%95%age 10 and over can read and write[1]
 Sao Tome and Principe84.9%92.2%77.9%age 15 and over can read and write (2001 census)[1]
 Saudi Arabia86.6%90.4%81.3%age 15 and over can read and write (2010 est.)[1]
 Senegal39.3%51.1%29.2%age 15 and over can read and write (2002 est.)[1]
 Serbia98%99.2%96.9%age 15 and over can read and write (2011 est.)[1]
 Seychelles91.8%91.4%92.3%age 15 and over can read and write (2002 census)[1]
 Sierra Leone35.1%46.9%24.4%age 15 and over can read and write (2004 est.)[1]
 Singapore95.9%98.0%93.8%age 15 and over can read and write (2010 est.)[1]
 Slovakia99.6%99.7%99.6%age 15 and over can read and write (2004)[1]
 Slovenia99.7%99.7%99.7%(2010 est.)[1]
 Solomon Islands84.1%88.9%79.2%[1]
 SomaliaN/AN/AN/A[17]
 South Africa93.1%93.9%92.2%age 15 and over can read and write (2011 est.)[1]
 South Sudan27%40%16%age 15 and over can read and write[1]
 Spain97.7%98.5%97%age 15 and over can read and write (2010 est.)[1]
 Sri Lanka91.2%92.6%90%age 15 and over can read and write (2010 census)[1]
 Sudan71.9%80.7%63.2%age 15 and over can read and write[1]
 Suriname92.6%95%90.2%age 15 and over can read and write (2010 census)[1]
 SvalbardN/AN/AN/A[1]
 Swaziland81.6%82.6%80.8%age 15 and over can read and write (2003 est.)[1]
 Sweden99%99%99%age 15 and over can read and write (2003 est.)[1]
  Switzerland99%99%99%age 15 and over can read and write (2003 est.)[1]
 Syria79.6%86%73.6%age 15 and over can read and write (2004 census)[1]
 Taiwan98.29%99.62%96.97%age 15 and over can read and write (2012)[18]
 Tajikistan99.7%99.8%99.6%age 15 and over can read and write (2010 est.)[1]
 Tanzania69.4%77.5%62.2%age 15 and over can read and write (2002 census)[1]
 Thailand93.5%95.6%91.5%age 15 and over can read and write (2005 census)[1]
 Timor-Leste58.6%N/AN/Aage 15 and over can read and write (2002)[1]
 Togo60.9%75.4%46.9%age 15 and over can read and write (2003 est.)[1]
 TokelauN/AN/AN/A[1]
 Tonga98.9%98.8%99%can read and write Tongan and/or English (1999 est.)[1]
 Trinidad and Tobago98.6%99.1%98%age 15 and over can read and write (2003 est.)[1]
 Tunisia88.3%95.1%80.3%age 15 and over can read and write (2010 census)[1]
 Turkey95.3%98.3%92.2%age 15 and over can read and write (2012 est.)[19]
 Turkmenistan98.8%99.3%98.3%age 15 and over can read and write (1999 est.)[1]
 Turks and Caicos Islands98%99%98%age 15 and over has ever attended school (1970 est.)[1]
 TuvaluN/AN/AN/A[1]
 Uganda66.8%76.8%57.7%age 15 and over can read and write (2002 census)[1]
 Ukraine99.7%99.8%99.6%age 15 and over can read and write (2010 est.)[1]
 United Arab Emirates77.9%76.1%81.7%age 15 and over can read and write (2003 est.)[1]
 United Kingdom99%99%99%age 15 and over has completed five or more years of schooling (2003 est.)[1]
 United States99%99%99%age 15 and over can read and write (2003 est.)[1]
 United States Virgin Islands90-95% est.N/AN/Aage 15 and over can read and write (2005 est.)[1]
 Uruguay98%97.6%98.4%age 15 and over can read and write (2003 est.)[1]
 Uzbekistan99.3%99.6%99%age 15 and over can read and write (2003 est.)[1]
 Vanuatu74%N/AN/Aage 15 and over can read and write (1999 census)[1]
  Vatican City99%99%99%[1]
 Venezuela93%93.3%92.7%age 15 and over can read and write (2001 census)[1]
 Vietnam94%96.1%92%age 15 and over can read and write (2002 est.)[1]
 Wallis and Futuna50%50%50%age 15 and over can read and write (1969 est.)[1]
 Western SaharaN/AN/AN/A[1]
 Yemen63.9%81.2%46.8%age 15 and over can read and write (2010 est.)[1]
 Zambia80.6%86.8%74.8%age 15 and over can read and write English (2003 est.)[1]
 Zimbabwe90.7%94.2%87.2%age 15 and over can read and write English (2003 est.)[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl cm cn co cp cq cr cs ct cu cv cw cx cy cz da db dc dd de df dg dh di dj dk dl dm dn do dp dq dr ds dt du dv dw dx dy dz ea eb ec ed ee ef eg eh ei ej ek el em en eo ep eq er es et eu ev ew ex ey ez fa fb fc fd fe ff fg fh fi fj fk fl fm fn fo fp fq fr fs ft fu fv fw fx fy fz ga gb gc gd ge gf gg gh gi gj gk gl gm gn go gp gq gr gs gt gu gv gw gx gy gz ha hb hc hd he hf hg hh hi hj hk "Literacy". CIA World Factbook. 
  2. ^ "World". CIA Factbook. 
  3. ^ "Algeria". UNESCO Institute for Statistics. 
  4. ^ "Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies, Australia, 2011-12". Australian Bureau of Statistics. 9 Oct 2013. Retrieved 2014-01-17. 
  5. ^ "Population Composition (Composição da População), Brazil, 2012". Ministério da Fazenda (Brazilian Ministry of Finance), Pesquisa Nacional por Amostra de Domicílio(Brazilian National Sample Survey of Households) (PNAD/IBGE). September 2013. Retrieved 2014-06-12. 
  6. ^ "Taxa de analfabetismo para de cair no Brasil após 15 anos (Illiteracy rate stagnates in Brazil after 15 years), Brazil, 2012". UOL educação. 27 September 2013. Retrieved 2014-06-12. 
  7. ^ "Educação da população (Population Education), Brazil, 2012". Portal Brasil (Brazilian federal government official website). 27 September 2013. Retrieved 2014-06-12. 
  8. ^ "Literacy". Croatian Bureau of Statistics. 
  9. ^ DK Publishing (2012). Compact Atlas of the World. Penguin. p. 138. ISBN 0756698596. 
  10. ^ Ministry of Information of Eritrea. "Adult Education Program gaining momentum: Ministry". Shabait. Retrieved 9 October 2013. 
  11. ^ "Literacy Rate of Persons in Gaza Strip". Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics. 
  12. ^ "Census of India". Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. 
  13. ^ "World Bank Estimates Microdata". Retrieved 5 September 2013. 
  14. ^ "Kuwait Statistics". UNICEF. 
  15. ^ 2011 POPULATION CENSUS - MAIN RESULTS. Statistics Mauritius. Retrieved 19 April 2014. 
  16. ^ "Literacy Rate of Persons in the West Bank". Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics. 
  17. ^ No reliable data on nationwide literacy rate. 2013 FSNAU survey indicates considerable differences per region, with the autonomous northeastern Puntland region having the highest registered literacy rate (72%) [1]
  18. ^ https://stats.moe.gov.tw/files/main_statistics/age15up.xls
  19. ^ "Women In Statistics, 2012". Turkish Statistical Institute. 

External links[edit]