List of countries by intentional homicide rate

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List of countries by intentional homicide rate per year per 100,000 inhabitants. The reliability of underlying national murder rate data may vary.[1] The legal definition of "intentional homicide" differs among countries. Intentional homicide may or may not include infanticide, assisted suicide or euthanasia.[2]

Intentional homicide demographics are affected by changes in trauma care, leading to changed lethality of violent assaults, so the intentional homicide rate may not necessarily indicate the overall level of societal violence.[2] They may also be underreported for political reasons.[3][4] Another problem for the comparability of the following figures is that some data may include attempts. In general the values in these lists should not include failed attempts except when mentioned otherwise.

A study undertaken by the Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development estimated that there were approximately 490,000 intentional homicides in 2004. The study estimated that the global rate was 7.6 intentional homicides per 100,000 inhabitants for 2004.[5] For the year 2012 UNODC (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime) made a similar study. It reported a global average homicide rate of 6.2 per 100,000 population.[6] UNODC calculated a rate of 6.9 in 2010.[7]

Murder rate per 100,000 inhabitants in 2012.
  0–1
  1–2
  2–5
  5–10
  10–20
  >20

UNODC's global study[edit]

The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) has a site called Global Study on Homicide. The data for all the tables below (except the country subdivisions) comes from that site. Please update the UNODC tables with the most recent UNODC data.[6][8][9] Rates are calculated per 100,000 inhabitants.

Intentional homicide, as defined by UNODC, is "unlawful death purposefully inflicted on a person by another person".[6]

By region[edit]

UNODC murder rates most recent year[6]
RegionRateCount
    Americas16.3157,000
    Africa12.5135,000
       World6.2437,000
    Europe3.022,000
    Oceania3.01,100
    Asia2.9122,000

The UNODC report has bar charts and timeline graphs of homicide rates for subregions. But the report does not list exact rate numbers. Subregion counts are not found in the report, but may be calculated by manually totaling the counts for each country in a subregion.[6]

By country[edit]

Please note. Only the UNODC source is used for this section.[6] All else is removed.

Count total, and rate per 100,000 population per year. The initial order of the countries is alphabetical within subregion. Subregions are initially in alphabetical order within regions. Reload the page to return to that initial subregion order. Click sorting buttons to sort alphabetically or numerically. Can sort in ascending or descending order. The row number column on the left sorts independently from the columns to the right of it. It is useful for ranking countries by homicide rate.

This chart does not use the very latest data due to differences in how intentional homicide is defined and calculated for each country. In order to have more consistent, continuous, and reliable oversight only the latest UNODC sourcing is used for this section on countries.[6] For more info outside of UNODC sourcing (wars, etc.) see the notes section that follows this country table.

Note: x (in the count column, mainly in the Oceania section) – From UNODC source:[6] "due to small population size the estimated count is less than 2".



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UNODC murder rates most recent year (full table here [9])
CountryRateCountRegionSubregionYear listedNotes

Burundi8.0790AfricaEastern Africa2012
Comoros10.072AfricaEastern Africa2012
Djibouti10.187AfricaEastern Africa2012
Eritrea7.1437AfricaEastern Africa2012
Ethiopia12.011,048AfricaEastern Africa2012
Kenya6.42,761AfricaEastern Africa2012
Madagascar11.12,465AfricaEastern Africa2012
Malawi1.8279AfricaEastern Africa2012
Mauritius2.834AfricaEastern Africa2011
Mayotte (France)6.012AfricaEastern Africa2009
Mozambique12.43,133AfricaEastern Africa2012
Réunion (France)1.815AfricaEastern Africa2009
Rwanda23.12,648AfricaEastern Africa2012
Seychelles9.59AfricaEastern Africa2012
Somalia8.0819AfricaEastern Africa2012See notes below.
South Sudan13.91,504AfricaEastern Africa2012See notes below.
Uganda10.73,753AfricaEastern Africa2011
Tanzania12.76,071AfricaEastern Africa2012
Zambia10.71,501AfricaEastern Africa2012
Zimbabwe10.61,450AfricaEastern Africa2012
Angola10.02,079AfricaMiddle Africa2012
Cameroon7.61,654AfricaMiddle Africa2012
Central African Republic11.8532AfricaMiddle Africa2012See notes below.
Chad7.3907AfricaMiddle Africa2012
Congo12.5541AfricaMiddle Africa2012
Democratic Republic of the Congo28.318,586AfricaMiddle Africa2012
Equatorial Guinea19.3142AfricaMiddle Africa2012
Gabon9.1148AfricaMiddle Africa2012
Sao Tome and Principe3.36AfricaMiddle Africa2011
Algeria0.7280AfricaNorthern Africa2011
Egypt3.42,703AfricaNorthern Africa2011
Libya1.7103AfricaNorthern Africa2012See notes below.
Morocco2.2704AfricaNorthern Africa2012
Sudan11.24,159AfricaNorthern Africa2012See notes below.
Tunisia2.2235AfricaNorthern Africa2012
Botswana18.4368AfricaSouthern Africa2012
Lesotho38.0764AfricaSouthern Africa2010
Namibia17.2388AfricaSouthern Africa2012
South Africa31.016,259AfricaSouthern Africa2012
Swaziland33.8416AfricaSouthern Africa2012
Benin8.4848AfricaWestern Africa2012
Burkina Faso8.01,311AfricaWestern Africa2012
Cape Verde10.351AfricaWestern Africa2012
Ivory Coast13.62,691AfricaWestern Africa2012
Gambia10.2182AfricaWestern Africa2012
Ghana6.11,537AfricaWestern Africa2012
Guinea8.91,018AfricaWestern Africa2012
Guinea-Bissau8.4140AfricaWestern Africa2012
Liberia3.2135AfricaWestern Africa2012
Mali7.51,119AfricaWestern Africa2012
Mauritania5.0191AfricaWestern Africa2012
Niger4.7803AfricaWestern Africa2012
Nigeria20.033,817AfricaWestern Africa2012
Senegal2.8379AfricaWestern Africa2012
Sierra Leone1.9113AfricaWestern Africa2012
Togo10.3684AfricaWestern Africa2012
Anguilla (UK)7.51AmericasCaribbean2012
Antigua and Barbuda11.210AmericasCaribbean2012
Aruba (Netherlands)3.94AmericasCaribbean2010
Bahamas29.8111AmericasCaribbean2012
Barbados7.421AmericasCaribbean2012
British Virgin Islands (UK)8.42AmericasCaribbean2006
Cayman Islands (UK)14.78AmericasCaribbean2009
Cuba4.2477AmericasCaribbean2012
Dominica21.115AmericasCaribbean2010
Dominican Republic22.12,268AmericasCaribbean2012
Grenada13.314AmericasCaribbean2012
Guadeloupe (France)7.936AmericasCaribbean2009
Haiti10.21,033AmericasCaribbean2012
Jamaica39.31,087AmericasCaribbean2012
Martinique (France)2.711AmericasCaribbean2009
Montserrat (UK)20.41AmericasCaribbean2008
Puerto Rico (US)26.5978AmericasCaribbean2012
Saint Kitts and Nevis33.618AmericasCaribbean2012
Saint Lucia21.639AmericasCaribbean2012
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines25.628AmericasCaribbean2012
Trinidad and Tobago28.3379AmericasCaribbean2012
Turks and Caicos Islands (UK)6.62AmericasCaribbean2009
United States Virgin Islands (US)52.656AmericasCaribbean2013
Belize44.7145AmericasCentral America2012
Costa Rica8.5407AmericasCentral America2012
El Salvador41.22,594AmericasCentral America2012
Guatemala39.96,025AmericasCentral America2012
Honduras90.47,172AmericasCentral America2012
Mexico21.526,037AmericasCentral America2012See notes below.
Nicaragua11.3675AmericasCentral America2012
Panama17.2654AmericasCentral America2012
Bermuda (UK)7.75AmericasNorthern America2012
Canada1.6543AmericasNorthern America2012
Saint Pierre and Miquelon (France)16.51AmericasNorthern America2009
United States4.714,827AmericasNorthern America2012
Argentina5.52,237AmericasSouth America2010
Bolivia12.11,270AmericasSouth America2012
Brazil25.250,108AmericasSouth America2012
Chile3.1550AmericasSouth America2012
Colombia30.814,670AmericasSouth America2012See notes below.
Ecuador12.41,924AmericasSouth America2012
French Guiana (France)13.330AmericasSouth America2009
Guyana17.0135AmericasSouth America2012
Paraguay9.7649AmericasSouth America2012
Peru9.62,865AmericasSouth America2012
Suriname6.133AmericasSouth America2012
Uruguay7.9267AmericasSouth America2012
Venezuela53.716,072AmericasSouth America2012
Kazakhstan7.81,263AsiaCentral Asia2012
Kyrgyzstan9.1494AsiaCentral Asia2011
Tajikistan1.6126AsiaCentral Asia2011
Turkmenistan12.8660AsiaCentral Asia2012
Uzbekistan3.71,060AsiaCentral Asia2012
China1.013,410AsiaEastern Asia2010
Hong Kong0.427AsiaEastern Asia2012
Macao0.74AsiaEastern Asia2010
North Korea5.21,293AsiaEastern Asia2012
Japan0.3442AsiaEastern Asia2011
Mongolia9.7266AsiaEastern Asia2011
South Korea0.9427AsiaEastern Asia2011See notes below.
Taiwan3.0686AsiaEastern Asia2011
Brunei2.08AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia2012
Cambodia6.5964AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia2012
Indonesia0.61,456AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia2012
Laos5.9392AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia2012
Malaysia2.3652AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia2012
Myanmar15.28,044AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia2012
Philippines8.88,484AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia2012
Singapore0.211AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia2012
Thailand5.03,307AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia2011
Timor-Leste3.639AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia2010
Vietnam3.33,037AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia2012
Afghanistan6.51,948AsiaSouthern Asia2012See notes below.
Bangladesh2.74,169AsiaSouthern Asia2012
Bhutan1.712AsiaSouthern Asia2012
India3.543,355AsiaSouthern Asia2012
Iran3.93,126AsiaSouthern Asia2012
Maldives3.913AsiaSouthern Asia2012
Nepal2.9786AsiaSouthern Asia2011
Pakistan7.713,846AsiaSouthern Asia2012See notes below.
Sri Lanka3.4707AsiaSouthern Asia2011
Armenia1.854AsiaWestern Asia2012
Azerbaijan2.1194AsiaWestern Asia2010
Bahrain0.57AsiaWestern Asia2011
Cyprus2.023AsiaWestern Asia2012
Georgia4.3187AsiaWestern Asia2010
Iraq8.02,628AsiaWestern Asia2012See notes below.
Israel1.8134AsiaWestern Asia2012See notes below.
Jordan2.0133AsiaWestern Asia2011
Kuwait0.412AsiaWestern Asia2012
Lebanon2.295AsiaWestern Asia2010
Palestine7.4312AsiaWestern Asia2012See notes below.
Oman1.134AsiaWestern Asia2011
Qatar1.123AsiaWestern Asia2012
Saudi Arabia0.8234AsiaWestern Asia2012
Syria2.2463AsiaWestern Asia2010See notes below.
Turkey2.61,866AsiaWestern Asia2011
United Arab Emirates2.6235AsiaWestern Asia2012
Yemen4.81,099AsiaWestern Asia2010
Belarus5.1486EuropeEastern Europe2010
Bulgaria1.9141EuropeEastern Europe2012
Czech Republic1.0105EuropeEastern Europe2012
Hungary1.3132EuropeEastern Europe2012
Poland1.2449EuropeEastern Europe2011
Moldova6.5229EuropeEastern Europe2012
Romania1.7378EuropeEastern Europe2012
Russia9.213,120EuropeEastern Europe2012
Slovakia1.475EuropeEastern Europe2012
Ukraine4.31,988EuropeEastern Europe2010
Denmark0.847EuropeNorthern Europe2012
Estonia5.065EuropeNorthern Europe2011
Finland1.689EuropeNorthern Europe2012
Greenland (Denmark)19.411EuropeNorthern Europe2009
Iceland0.31EuropeNorthern Europe2012
Ireland1.254EuropeNorthern Europe2012
Latvia4.797EuropeNorthern Europe2012
Lithuania6.7202EuropeNorthern Europe2012
Norway2.2111EuropeNorthern Europe2011See notes below.
Sweden0.768EuropeNorthern Europe2012
United Kingdom1.0653EuropeNorthern Europe2011
Albania5.0157EuropeSouthern Europe2012
Andorra1.31EuropeSouthern Europe2010
Bosnia and Herzegovina1.351EuropeSouthern Europe2011
Croatia1.251EuropeSouthern Europe2012
Greece1.7184EuropeSouthern Europe2011
Italy0.9530EuropeSouthern Europe2012
Kosovo3.664EuropeSouthern Europe2010
Malta2.812EuropeSouthern Europe2012
Montenegro2.717EuropeSouthern Europe2012
Portugal1.2122EuropeSouthern Europe2012
San Marino0.7xEuropeSouthern Europe2012
Serbia1.2111EuropeSouthern Europe2012
Slovenia0.714EuropeSouthern Europe2012
Spain0.8364EuropeSouthern Europe2012
Macedonia1.430EuropeSouthern Europe2011
Austria0.977EuropeWestern Europe2012
Belgium1.6182EuropeWestern Europe2012
France1.0665EuropeWestern Europe2012
Germany0.8662EuropeWestern Europe2011
Liechtenstein0.00EuropeWestern Europe2012
Luxembourg0.84EuropeWestern Europe2011
Monaco0.00EuropeWestern Europe2008
Netherlands0.9145EuropeWestern Europe2012
Switzerland0.646EuropeWestern Europe2011
Australia1.1254OceaniaAustralasia2012
New Zealand0.941OceaniaAustralasia2012
Fiji4.035OceaniaMelanesia2012
New Caledonia (France)3.38OceaniaMelanesia2009
Papua New Guinea10.4713OceaniaMelanesia2010
Solomon Islands4.324OceaniaMelanesia2012
Vanuatu2.97OceaniaMelanesia2012
Guam (US)2.54OceaniaMicronesia2011
Kiribati8.28OceaniaMicronesia2011
Micronesia4.65OceaniaMicronesia2012
Nauru1.3xOceaniaMicronesia2012
Palau3.1xOceaniaMicronesia2012
Cook Islands3.1xOceaniaPolynesia2012
French Polynesia (France)0.41OceaniaPolynesia2009
Niue3.6xOceaniaPolynesia2012
Samoa3.67OceaniaPolynesia2012
Tonga1.01OceaniaPolynesia2012
Tuvalu4.2xOceaniaPolynesia2012

Notes[edit]

Country subdivisions[edit]

Rates. Click the "show" links next to the country names at the top left of each chart. The references are linked from the sources column.

Australia[edit]

Canada[edit]

Mexico[edit]

United States[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Richards, Patsy (1999-05-27). "Homicide statistics, research paper 99/56" (PDF). House of commons library, Social and general statistics section. p. 29. Retrieved 2007-01-11. 
  2. ^ a b Harris, Anthony R.; Stephen H. Thomas; Gene A. Fisher; David J. Hirsch (May 2002). "Murder and medicine: the lethality of criminal assault 1960–1999" (fee required). Homicide studies 6 (2): 128–166. doi:10.1177/1088767902006002003. Retrieved 2006-12-08. 
  3. ^ Fry, Don. Believing the news ISBN 0-935742-11-5, ISBN 978-0-935742-11-4
  4. ^ Vizzard, William J. Shots in the dark ISBN 0-8476-9560-3, ISBN 978-0-8476-9560-7
  5. ^ "Global Burden of Armed Violence Report". Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h Global Study on Homicide. United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC). See the PDF of the full report [1], and the statistical annex at the end of it (page 121). It has detailed charts for homicide counts and rates by country. You may need to use the "rotate view" command in your PDF reader. Page 21 has estimated total of 437,000 worldwide. Figures 1.1 and 1.2 (pages 21 and 22) have exact numbers for rates and counts for the overall regions. Figure 1.3 on page 23 is a bar chart of homicide rates for the subregions. Need exact rate numbers. Figure 1.16 on page 34 has timeline graphs by subregion. Need exact rate numbers. Subregion counts are not found, but may be calculated by manually totaling the counts for each country in a subregion.
  7. ^ "Global Study on Homicide 2011". UNODC. 
  8. ^ Data. Global Study on Homicide. UNODC. See "Homicide counts and rates, time series...". The xlsx files can be converted to other formats here [2]. Just paste in the URL of the file, and the converted file will be emailed to you.
  9. ^ a b UNODC Homicide counts and rates, time series. An XLSX file. How to open. There is a wikitext table version for easy access to the data. See the note at the top of the talk page.
  10. ^ "Footnote #1 of 09 5대범죄 발생, 검거 현황 (Status for occurrence and arrest of 5 major crimes) by Korea National Police Agency.". 
  11. ^ "'5 피해정도' chapter of '2011 살인(37-44)' statistics by Supreme Prosecutors' Office Republic of Korea.". 
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h Dearden, Jack; Jones, Warwick (PDF). Homicide in Australia: 2006-07 National Homicide Monitoring Program annual report (Report). Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology. p. 113. http://www.aic.gov.au/documents/0/B/6/%7B0B619F44-B18B-47B4-9B59-F87BA643CBAA%7Dfacts11.pdf.
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h Homicide Statistics: 2011 Australian Government report (Report). Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology.
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h (PDF) Recorded Crime-Victims (Report). Canberra: Australian Bureau of Statistics. http://www.ausstats.abs.gov.au/Ausstats/subscriber.nsf/0/990A014955F3818DCA2577360017E331/$File/45100_2009.pdf.
  15. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "Canada Summary Tables". Statistics Canada. 
  16. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af "Mexican Crime Stats 2010". RRS y Asociados, S.C. 
  17. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af "Mexican Crime Stats 2011". RRS y Asociados, S.C. 
  18. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay "State-by-state and National Crime Estimates by Year(s)". Federal Bureau of Investigation. 
  19. ^ "UNODC Homicide Statistics". Universidad de Puerto Rico. 
  20. ^ "Homicide Trends 2003–2008". UNODC. 

External links[edit]