List of countries by intentional homicide rate

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List of countries by intentional homicide rate per year per 100,000 inhabitants. The reliability of underlying national murder rate data may vary.[1] The legal definition of "intentional homicide" differs among countries. Intentional homicide may or may not include infanticide, assisted suicide or euthanasia.[2]

Intentional homicide demographics are affected by changes in trauma care, leading to changed lethality of violent assaults, so the intentional homicide rate may not necessarily indicate the overall level of societal violence.[2] They may also be underreported for political reasons.[3][4] Another problem for the comparability of the following figures is that some data may include attempts. In general the values in these lists should not include failed attempts except when mentioned otherwise.

A study undertaken by the Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development estimated that there were approximately 490,000 intentional homicides in 2004. The study estimated that the global rate was 7.6 intentional homicides per 100,000 inhabitants for 2004.[5] For the year 2010 UNODC (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime) made a similar study. It presumed a number of 468,000 intentional homicides for this year. That would correspond to a worldwide rate of 6.9.[6]

Murder rate per 100,000 inhabitants in 2012.
  0–1
  1–2
  2–5
  5–10
  10–20
  >20

UNODC's global study[edit]

The UNODC made a study in 2012 that includes most countries of the world. The following lists show only the most recent data. Rates are calculated per 100,000 inhabitants. Intentional homicide in this case is defined as unlawful death purposefully inflicted on a person by another person.[7]

By region[edit]

UNODC murder rates most recent year
RegionRateCount
    Africa12.5134,881
    Americas17.0161,865
    Asia2.9122,229
    Europe3.021,990
    Oceania3.01,108
       World6.3442,073

By subregion[edit]

UNODC murder rates most recent year
SubregionRateCountRegion
    Eastern Africa11.138,888Africa
    Middle Africa18.524,595Africa
    Northern Africa3.88,184Africa
    Southern Africa31.018,195Africa
    Western Africa14.145,019Africa
    Caribbean15.86,599Americas
    Central America31.149,734Americas
    Northern America4.214,722Americas
    South America22.690,810Americas
    Central Asia5.83,603Asia
    Eastern Asia1.016,555Asia
    South-Eastern Asia4.326,376Asia
    Southern Asia3.967,962Asia
    Western Asia3.97,733Asia
    Eastern Europe5.917103Europe
    Northern Europe1.41,398Europe
    Southern Europe1.11,708Europe
    Western Europe0.91,781Europe
    Australasia1.1295Oceania
    Melanesia8.6787Oceania
    Micronesia3.917Oceania
    Polynesia1.59Oceania

By country[edit]

Count total and rate per 100,000 population per year. Countries listed alphabetically and in order of region, subregion (by rank).

UNODC murder rates most recent year (full table here)
CountryRateCountRegionSubregionYear listed
 Burundi8.0790AfricaEastern Africa2012
 Comoros10.072AfricaEastern Africa2012
 Djibouti10.187AfricaEastern Africa2012
 Eritrea7.1437AfricaEastern Africa2012
 Ethiopia12.011,048AfricaEastern Africa2012
 Kenya6.42,761AfricaEastern Africa2012
 Madagascar11.12,465AfricaEastern Africa2012
 Malawi1.8279AfricaEastern Africa2012
 Mauritius2.834AfricaEastern Africa2011
 Mayotte (France)6.012AfricaEastern Africa2009
 Mozambique12.43,133AfricaEastern Africa2012
 Réunion (France)1.815AfricaEastern Africa2009
 Rwanda23.12,648AfricaEastern Africa2012
 Seychelles9.59AfricaEastern Africa2012
 Somalia8.0819+AfricaEastern Africa2012
 South Sudan13.91,504++AfricaEastern Africa2012
 Uganda10.73,753AfricaEastern Africa2011
 Tanzania12.76,071AfricaEastern Africa2012
 Zambia10.71,501AfricaEastern Africa2012
 Zimbabwe10.61,450AfricaEastern Africa2012
 Angola10.02,079AfricaMiddle Africa2012
 Cameroon7.61,654AfricaMiddle Africa2012
 Central African Republic11.8532+AfricaMiddle Africa2012
 Chad7.3907AfricaMiddle Africa2012
 Congo12.5541AfricaMiddle Africa2012
 Democratic Republic of the Congo28.318,586AfricaMiddle Africa2012
 Equatorial Guinea19.3142AfricaMiddle Africa2012
 Gabon9.1148AfricaMiddle Africa2012
 São Tomé and Príncipe3.36AfricaMiddle Africa2011
 Algeria0.7280AfricaNorthern Africa2011
 Egypt3.42,703AfricaNorthern Africa2011
 Libya1.7103+AfricaNorthern Africa2012
 Morocco2.2704AfricaNorthern Africa2012
 Sudan11.24,159++AfricaNorthern Africa2012
 Tunisia2.2235AfricaNorthern Africa2012
 Botswana18.4368AfricaSouthern Africa2012
 Lesotho38.0764AfricaSouthern Africa2010
 Namibia17.2388AfricaSouthern Africa2012
 South Africa31.016,259AfricaSouthern Africa2012
 Swaziland33.8416AfricaSouthern Africa2012
 Benin8.4848AfricaWestern Africa2012
 Burkina Faso8.01,311AfricaWestern Africa2012
 Cape Verde10.351AfricaWestern Africa2012
 Ivory Coast13.62,691AfricaWestern Africa2012
 Gambia10.2182AfricaWestern Africa2012
 Ghana6.11,537AfricaWestern Africa2012
 Guinea8.91,018AfricaWestern Africa2012
 Guinea-Bissau8.4140AfricaWestern Africa2012
 Liberia3.2135AfricaWestern Africa2012
 Mali7.51,119AfricaWestern Africa2012
 Mauritania5.0191AfricaWestern Africa2012
 Niger4.7803AfricaWestern Africa2012
 Nigeria20.033,817AfricaWestern Africa2012
 Senegal2.8379AfricaWestern Africa2012
 Sierra Leone1.9113AfricaWestern Africa2012
 Togo10.3684AfricaWestern Africa2012
 Anguilla (UK)7.51AmericasCaribbean2012
 Antigua and Barbuda11.210AmericasCaribbean2012
 Aruba (Netherlands)3.94AmericasCaribbean2010
 Bahamas29.8111AmericasCaribbean2012
 Barbados7.421AmericasCaribbean2012
 British Virgin Islands (UK)8.42AmericasCaribbean2006
 Cayman Islands (UK)14.78AmericasCaribbean2009
 Cuba4.2477AmericasCaribbean2012
 Dominica21.115AmericasCaribbean2010
 Dominican Republic22.12,268AmericasCaribbean2012
 Grenada13.314AmericasCaribbean2012
 Guadeloupe (France)7.936AmericasCaribbean2009
 Haiti10.21,033AmericasCaribbean2012
 Jamaica39.31,087AmericasCaribbean2012
 Martinique (France)2.711AmericasCaribbean2009
 Montserrat (UK)20.41AmericasCaribbean2008
 Puerto Rico (USA)26.5978AmericasCaribbean2012
 Saint Kitts and Nevis33.618AmericasCaribbean2012
 Saint Lucia21.639AmericasCaribbean2012
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines25.628AmericasCaribbean2012
 Trinidad and Tobago28.3379AmericasCaribbean2012
 Turks and Caicos Islands (UK)6.62AmericasCaribbean2009
 U.S. Virgin Islands (USA)35.538 [8]AmericasCaribbean2013
 Belize44.7145AmericasCentral America2012
 Costa Rica8.5407AmericasCentral America2012
 El Salvador41.22,594AmericasCentral America2012
 Guatemala39.96,025AmericasCentral America2012
 Honduras90.47,172AmericasCentral America2012
 Mexico21.526,037+AmericasCentral America2012
 Nicaragua11.3675AmericasCentral America2012
 Panama17.2654AmericasCentral America2012
 Bermuda (UK)7.75AmericasNorthern America2012
 Canada1.6543AmericasNorthern America2012
 Saint Pierre and Miquelon (France)16.51AmericasNorthern America2009
 United States4.8[9]14,173AmericasNorthern America2012
 Argentina5.52,237AmericasSouth America2010
 Bolivia12.11,270AmericasSouth America2012
 Brazil25.250,108AmericasSouth America2012
 Chile3.1550AmericasSouth America2012
 Colombia30.814,670+AmericasSouth America2012
 Ecuador12.41,924AmericasSouth America2012
 French Guiana (France)13.330AmericasSouth America2009
 Guyana17.0135AmericasSouth America2012
 Paraguay9.7649AmericasSouth America2012
 Peru9.62,865AmericasSouth America2012
 Suriname6.133AmericasSouth America2012
 Uruguay7.9267AmericasSouth America2012
 Venezuela53.716,072+[10]AmericasSouth America2012
 Kazakhstan7.81,263AsiaCentral Asia2012
 Kyrgyzstan9.1494AsiaCentral Asia2011
 Tajikistan1.6126AsiaCentral Asia2011
 Turkmenistan12.8660AsiaCentral Asia2012
 Uzbekistan3.71,060AsiaCentral Asia2012
 China1.013,410AsiaEastern Asia2010
 Hong Kong0.427AsiaEastern Asia2012
 Macau0.74AsiaEastern Asia2010
 North Korea5.21,293AsiaEastern Asia2012
 Japan0.3442AsiaEastern Asia2011
 Mongolia9.7266AsiaEastern Asia2011
 South Korea[note 1][note 2]0.9427AsiaEastern Asia2011
 Taiwan3.0686AsiaEastern Asia2011
 Brunei2.08AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia2012
 Cambodia6.5964AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia2012
 Indonesia0.61,456AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia2012
 Laos5.9392AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia2012
 Malaysia2.3652AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia2012
 Myanmar15.28,044AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia2012
 Philippines8.88,484AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia2012
 Singapore0.211AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia2012
 Thailand5.03,307AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia2011
 Timor-Leste3.639AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia2010
 Vietnam3.33,037AsiaSouth-Eastern Asia2012
 Afghanistan6.51,948+AsiaSouthern Asia2012
 Bangladesh2.74,169AsiaSouthern Asia2012
 Bhutan1.712AsiaSouthern Asia2012
 India3.543,355AsiaSouthern Asia2012
 Iran3.93,126AsiaSouthern Asia2012
 Maldives3.913AsiaSouthern Asia2012
   Nepal2.9786AsiaSouthern Asia2011
 Pakistan7.713,846+AsiaSouthern Asia2012
 Sri Lanka3.4707AsiaSouthern Asia2011
 Armenia1.854AsiaWestern Asia2012
 Azerbaijan2.1194AsiaWestern Asia2010
 Bahrain0.57AsiaWestern Asia2011
 Cyprus2.023AsiaWestern Asia2012
 Georgia4.3187AsiaWestern Asia2010
 Iraq8.02,628+AsiaWestern Asia2012
 Israel1.8134+AsiaWestern Asia2012
 Jordan2.0133AsiaWestern Asia2011
 Kuwait0.412AsiaWestern Asia2012
 Lebanon2.295AsiaWestern Asia2010
 Palestine7.4312+AsiaWestern Asia2012
 Oman1.134AsiaWestern Asia2011
 Qatar1.123AsiaWestern Asia2012
 Saudi Arabia0.8234AsiaWestern Asia2012
 Syria2.2463+AsiaWestern Asia2010
 Turkey2.61,866AsiaWestern Asia2011
 United Arab Emirates2.6235AsiaWestern Asia2012
 Yemen4.81,099+AsiaWestern Asia2010
 Belarus5.1486EuropeEastern Europe2010
 Bulgaria1.9141EuropeEastern Europe2012
 Czech Republic1.0105EuropeEastern Europe2012
 Hungary1.3132EuropeEastern Europe2012
 Poland1.2449EuropeEastern Europe2011
 Moldova6.5229EuropeEastern Europe2012
 Romania1.7378EuropeEastern Europe2012
 Russia9.213,120EuropeEastern Europe2012
 Slovakia1.475EuropeEastern Europe2012
 Ukraine4.31,988+EuropeEastern Europe2010
 Denmark0.847EuropeNorthern Europe2012
 Estonia5.065EuropeNorthern Europe2012
 Finland1.689EuropeNorthern Europe2012
 Greenland (Denmark)19.411EuropeNorthern Europe2009
 Iceland0.31EuropeNorthern Europe2012
 Ireland1.254EuropeNorthern Europe2012
 Latvia4.797EuropeNorthern Europe2012
 Lithuania6.7202EuropeNorthern Europe2012
 Norway0.945EuropeNorthern Europe2013[11]
 Sweden0.768EuropeNorthern Europe2012
 United Kingdom1.0653EuropeNorthern Europe2011
 Albania5.0157EuropeSouthern Europe2012
 Andorra1.31EuropeSouthern Europe2010
 Bosnia and Herzegovina1.351EuropeSouthern Europe2011
 Croatia1.251EuropeSouthern Europe2012
 Greece1.7184EuropeSouthern Europe2011
 Italy0.9530EuropeSouthern Europe2012
 Kosovo3.664EuropeSouthern Europe2010
 Malta2.812EuropeSouthern Europe2012
 Montenegro2.717EuropeSouthern Europe2012
 Portugal1.2122EuropeSouthern Europe2012
 San Marino0.70[a]EuropeSouthern Europe2012
 Serbia1.2111EuropeSouthern Europe2012
 Slovenia0.714EuropeSouthern Europe2012
 Spain0.8364EuropeSouthern Europe2012
 Macedonia1.430EuropeSouthern Europe2011
 Austria0.977EuropeWestern Europe2012
 Belgium1.6182EuropeWestern Europe2012
 France1.0665EuropeWestern Europe2012
 Germany0.8662EuropeWestern Europe2011
 Liechtenstein0.00EuropeWestern Europe2012
 Luxembourg0.84EuropeWestern Europe2011
 Monaco0.00EuropeWestern Europe2008
 Netherlands0.9145EuropeWestern Europe2012
 Switzerland0.646EuropeWestern Europe2011
 Australia1.1254OceaniaAustralasia2012
 New Zealand0.941OceaniaAustralasia2012
 Fiji4.035OceaniaMelanesia2012
 New Caledonia (France)3.38OceaniaMelanesia2009
 Papua New Guinea10.4713OceaniaMelanesia2010
 Solomon Islands4.324OceaniaMelanesia2012
 Vanuatu2.97OceaniaMelanesia2012
 Guam (USA)2.54OceaniaMicronesia2011
 Kiribati8.28OceaniaMicronesia2011
 F.S. Micronesia4.65OceaniaMicronesia2012
 Nauru1.30[a]OceaniaMicronesia2012
 Palau3.10[a]OceaniaMicronesia2012
 Cook Islands3.10[a]OceaniaPolynesia2012
 French Polynesia (France)0.41OceaniaPolynesia2009
 Niue3.60[a]OceaniaPolynesia2012
 Samoa3.67OceaniaPolynesia2012
 Tonga1.01OceaniaPolynesia2012
 Tuvalu4.20[a]OceaniaPolynesia2012
  1. ^ a b c d e f Count not included in UNODC numbers as it is too small; obtained by rounding down

Top 10 highest rates since 1995[edit]

Top 10 Highest Homicide Rates by Country since 1995 [7]
RankCountryYearRateCount
1 El Salvador1995139.17,977
2 El Salvador1996117.36,792
3 El Salvador1997112.66,573
4 El Salvador199895.05,584
5 Honduras201191.47,104
6 Honduras201290.47,172
7 Honduras201081.86,236
8 Colombia199671.826,642
9 El Salvador200970.94,382
10 Honduras200970.75,280

Country subdivisions[edit]

Click the "show" links next to the country names at the top left of each chart.

Australia[edit]

Canada[edit]

Mexico[edit]

United States[edit]

See also[edit]

Criminology:

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Statistics includes attempted murder, aiding and abetting of murder, murder conspiracy and others. "Footnote #1 of 09 5대범죄 발생, 검거 현황 (Status for occurrence and arrest of 5 major crimes) by Korea National Police Agency.". 
  2. ^ The number of actual deaths by those crimes is only 184. "'5 피해정도' chapter of '2011 살인(37-44)' statistics by Supreme Prosecutors' Office Republic of Korea.".  That is equivalent to 0.38 deaths per 100,000 inhabitants.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Richards, Patsy (1999-05-27). "Homicide statistics, research paper 99/56" (PDF). House of commons library, Social and general statistics section. p. 29. Retrieved 2007-01-11. 
  2. ^ a b Harris, Anthony R.; Stephen H. Thomas; Gene A. Fisher; David J. Hirsch (May 2002). "Murder and medicine: the lethality of criminal assault 1960–1999" (fee required). Homicide studies 6 (2): 128–166. doi:10.1177/1088767902006002003. Retrieved 2006-12-08. 
  3. ^ Fry, Don. Believing the news ISBN 0-935742-11-5, ISBN 978-0-935742-11-4
  4. ^ Vizzard, William J. Shots in the dark ISBN 0-8476-9560-3, ISBN 978-0-8476-9560-7
  5. ^ "Global Burden of Armed Violence Report". Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development. 
  6. ^ "Global Study on Homicide". UNODC. 
  7. ^ a b "Homicide Statistics 2012". UNODC. 
  8. ^ http://virginislandsdailynews.com/news/v-i-homicide-rate-plummets-in-2013-murder-rates-around-the-world-1.1618339
  9. ^ "FBI Uniform Crime Report". Rate: Number of Crimes per 100,000 Inhabitants. 2012. 
  10. ^ "Venezuela's Homicide Rate Quadruples In Fifteen Years". www.huffingtonpost.com. Retrieved 7 May 2014. 
  11. ^ https://www.politi.no/vedlegg/lokale_vedlegg/kripos/Vedlegg_2398.pdf
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h Dearden, Jack; Jones, Warwick (pdf). Homicide in Australia: 2006-07 National Homicide Monitoring Program annual report (Report). Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology. p. 113. http://www.aic.gov.au/documents/0/B/6/%7B0B619F44-B18B-47B4-9B59-F87BA643CBAA%7Dfacts11.pdf.
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h Homicide Statistics: 2011 Australian Government report (Report). Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology.
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h (pdf) Recorded Crime-Victims (Report). Canberra: Australian Bureau of Statistics. http://www.ausstats.abs.gov.au/Ausstats/subscriber.nsf/0/990A014955F3818DCA2577360017E331/$File/45100_2009.pdf.
  15. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "Canada Summary Tables". Statistics Canada. 
  16. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae "Mexican Crime Stats 2010". RRS y Asociados, S.C. 
  17. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae "Mexican Crime Stats 2011". RRS y Asociados, S.C. 
  18. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay "State-by-state and National Crime Estimates by Year(s)". Federal Bureau of Investigation. 
  19. ^ "UNODC Homicide Statistics". Universidad de Puerto Rico. 
  20. ^ "Homicide Trends 2003–2008". UNODC. 

External links[edit]