List of countries by Failed States Index

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Failed States according to the "Failed States Index 2013" of Foreign Policy.[1]
  Alert
  Warning
  Stable
  Sustainable

This is a list of countries by order of appearance in the Failed States Index of the United States think-tank Fund for Peace. A failed state has several attributes. Common indicators include a state whose central government is so weak or ineffective that it has little practical control over much of its territory; non-provision of public services; widespread corruption and criminality; refugees and involuntary movement of populations; sharp economic decline. Since 2005, the index has been published annually by the Fund for Peace and the magazine Foreign Policy.[2] The list has been cited by journalists and academics in making broad comparative points about countries or regions.[3][4]

This is the current list for 2013.[5] Change in rank and score from 2012 is shown in parentheses and the three table headings correspond to those used by the Fund for Peace and Foreign Policy magazine. Many countries' ranks are affected by South Sudan's first full appearance on the list.

The report uses 12 factors to determine the rating for each nation including security threats, economic implosion, human rights violations and refugee flows.[6]

Indicators of a failed state[edit]

12 factors are used by Fund For Peace to ascertain the status of a country.[7]

Social[edit]

Economic[edit]

Political[edit]

2013[edit]

Alert[edit]

RankCountryFSI
2013Change compared to 20122013Change compared to 2012
1Steady Somalia113.9positive decrease (1.0)
2Steady Democratic Republic of the Congo111.9negative increase (0.7)
3Steady Sudan111.0negative increase (1.6)
4N/R South Sudan110.6negative increase (2.2)
5positive decrease (1) Chad109.0negative increase (1.4)
6negative increase (2) Yemen107.0negative increase (2.2)
7positive decrease (1) Afghanistan106.7negative increase (0.7)
8positive decrease (1) Haiti105.8negative increase (0.9)
9negative increase (1) Central African Republic105.3negative increase (1.5)
10positive decrease (5) Zimbabwe105.2positive decrease (1.1)
11positive decrease (2) Iraq103.9positive decrease (0.4)
12positive decrease (1) Ivory Coast103.5positive decrease (0.1)
13Steady Pakistan102.9negative increase (1.3)
14positive decrease (2) Guinea101.3positive decrease (0.6)
15Steady Guinea-Bissau101.1negative increase (1.9)
16positive decrease (2) Nigeria100.7positive decrease (0.4)
17positive decrease (1) Kenya99.6negative increase (1.2)
RankCountryFSI
2013Change compared to 20122013Change compared to 2012
18negative increase (1) Niger99.0negative increase (2.1)
19positive decrease (2) Ethiopia98.9negative increase (1.0)
20positive decrease (2) Burundi97.6negative increase (0.1)
21negative increase (3) Syria97.4negative increase (2.9)
22positive decrease (2) Uganda96.6negative increase (0.1)
23positive decrease (1) North Korea95.1positive decrease (0.4)
24negative increase (1) Liberia95.1negative increase (1.8)
25positive decrease (2) Eritrea95.0negative increase (0.5)
26positive decrease (5) Myanmar94.6positive decrease (1.6)
27positive decrease (1) Cameroon93.5negative increase (0.4)
28negative increase (2) Sri Lanka92.9negative increase (0.7)
29Steady Bangladesh92.5negative increase (0.3)
30positive decrease (3)   Nepal91.8positive decrease (1.2)
31negative increase (7) Mauritania negative increase91.7negative increase (4.1)
32positive decrease (4) East Timor91.5positive decrease (1.2)
33positive decrease (2) Sierra Leone91.2negative increase (0.8)
34positive decrease (2) Egypt90.6negative increase (0.2)
35negative increase (6) Burkina Faso negative increase90.2negative increase (2.8)

Warning[edit]

RankCountryFSI
2013Change compared to 20122013Change compared to 2012
36positive decrease (3) Republic of the Congo positive decrease90.0positive decrease (0.1)
37positive decrease (3) Iran89.7negative increase (0.1)
38negative increase (41) Mali89.3negative increase (11.4)
39positive decrease (4) Rwanda89.3Steady
40positive decrease (4) Malawi89.2negative increase (0.4)
41positive decrease (4) Cambodia88.0positive decrease (0.7)
42positive decrease (3) Togo87.8negative increase (0.3)
43negative increase (6) Angola87.1negative increase (2.0)
44positive decrease (4) Uzbekistan86.9positive decrease (0.6)
45positive decrease (1) Zambia86.6negative increase (0.7)
46positive decrease (1) Lebanon86.3negative increase (0.5)
47positive decrease (4) Equatorial Guinea86.1positive decrease (0.2)
48positive decrease (6) Kyrgyzstan85.7positive decrease (1.7)
49negative increase (6) Swaziland85.6negative increase (2.1)
50negative increase (3) Djibouti85.5negative increase (1.7)
51positive decrease (5) Tajikistan85.2positive decrease (0.5)
52positive decrease (5) Solomon Islands85.2positive decrease (0.4)
53negative increase (1) Papua New Guinea84.9negative increase (1.2)
54positive decrease (4) Libya84.5positive decrease (0.4)
55positive decrease (4) Georgia84.2positive decrease (0.6)
56negative increase (1) Comoros84.0negative increase (1.0)
57positive decrease (5) Colombia83.8positive decrease (0.6)
58positive decrease (10) Laos83.7positive decrease (1.8)
59Steady Mozambique82.8negative increase (0.4)
60positive decrease (4) Philippines82.8positive decrease (0.4)
61positive decrease (3) Madagascar82.7negative increase (0.2)
62negative increase (2) Gambia81.8negative increase (1.2)
63positive decrease (3) Bhutan81.8positive decrease (0.6)
64negative increase (7) Senegal81.4negative increase (2.1)
65negative increase (1) Tanzania81.1negative increase (0.7)
66negative increase (10) China80.9negative increase (2.6)
67positive decrease (6) Israel/ West Bank80.8positive decrease (1.4)
68positive decrease (3) Fiji80.8negative increase (0.3)
69positive decrease (7) Bolivia80.8positive decrease (1.3)
70Steady Guatemala80.7negative increase (1.3)
71negative increase (1) Lesotho79.4negative increase (0.4)
72positive decrease (3) Nicaragua79.2positive decrease (0.4)
73negative increase (4) Algeria78.7negative increase (0.6)
74positive decrease (7) Ecuador78.6positive decrease (1.5)
75Steady Honduras78.3positive decrease (0.2)
76positive decrease (8) Azerbaijan78.2positive decrease (1.6)
77positive decrease (14) Indonesia78.2positive decrease (2.4)
78positive decrease (4) Benin77.9positive decrease (0.7)
79positive decrease (1) India77.5positive decrease (0.5)
80negative increase (3) Russia77.1Steady
81Steady Turkmenistan76.7positive decrease (0.7)
RankCountryFSI
2013Change compared to 20122013Change compared to 2012
82negative increase (4) Belarus76.7negative increase (0.1)
83positive decrease (3) Bosnia and Herzegovina76.5positive decrease (1.4)
84positive decrease (11) Moldova76.5positive decrease (2.2)
85negative increase (9) Tunisia76.5negative increase (2.3)
86positive decrease (1) Turkey75.9positive decrease (0.7)
87negative increase (3) Jordan75.7negative increase (0.9)
88Steady Maldives75.4negative increase (0.3)
89positive decrease (7) Venezuela75.3positive decrease (2.0)
90positive decrease (6) Thailand75.1positive decrease (1.9)
91negative increase (6) São Tomé and Príncipe74.6negative increase (0.7)
92positive decrease (3) Serbia74.4positive decrease (0.6)
93positive decrease (6) Morocco74.3positive decrease (1.8)
94positive decrease (3) Cape Verde73.7positive decrease (1.0)
95Steady Dominican Republic73.2positive decrease (0.9)
96positive decrease (3) El Salvador73.2positive decrease (1.2)
97negative increase (1) Mexico73.1positive decrease (0.5)
98positive decrease (2) Vietnam73.1positive decrease (0.9)
99negative increase (4) Micronesia72.9negative increase (1.0)
100positive decrease (8) Gabon72.9positive decrease (1.7)
101Steady Cuba72.8positive decrease (0.3)
102positive decrease (2) Saudi Arabia72.7positive decrease (0.7)
103positive decrease (4) Peru72.3positive decrease (1.2)
104negative increase (3) Paraguay71.8negative increase (0.9)
105positive decrease (3) Armenia71.3positive decrease (0.9)
106positive decrease (1) Suriname71.2Steady
107positive decrease (3) Guyana70.8positive decrease (0.6)
108positive decrease (2) Namibia70.4positive decrease (0.6)
109positive decrease (1) Kazakhstan69.8positive decrease (1.1)
110negative increase (2) Ghana69.1negative increase (1.6)
111positive decrease (1) Samoa68.7negative increase (0.2)
112positive decrease (3) Macedonia68.0positive decrease (1.1)
113negative increase (2) South Africa67.6negative increase (0.8)
114Steady Belize67.2Steady
115negative increase (1) Cyprus67.0negative increase (0.2)
116positive decrease (5) Malaysia66.1positive decrease (2.4)
117positive decrease (4) Ukraine65.9positive decrease (1.3)
118negative increase (1) Jamaica65.6positive decrease (0.2)
119positive decrease (1) Albania65.2positive decrease (0.9)
120negative increase (1) Grenada64.6positive decrease (0.4)
121positive decrease (1) Seychelles64.0positive decrease (1.1)
122positive decrease (5) Botswana64.0positive decrease (2.5)
123negative increase (1) Brunei63.2positive decrease (0.9)
124negative increase (1) Bahrain62.9negative increase (0.7)
125positive decrease (3) Trinidad62.6positive decrease (1.8)
126positive decrease (3) Brazil62.1positive decrease (2.0)

Stable[edit]

RankCountryFSI
2013Change compared to 20122013Change compared to 2012
127negative increase (1) Kuwait59.6negative increase (0.8)
128positive decrease (1) Antigua & Barbuda58.0positive decrease (0.9)
129Steady Mongolia57.8positive decrease (0.9)
130positive decrease (4) Romania57.4positive decrease (2.1)
131negative increase (1) Panama55.8positive decrease (0.3)
132positive decrease (2) Bulgaria55.0positive decrease (1.3)
133negative increase (1) Bahamas54.7positive decrease (0.4)
134positive decrease (1) Montenegro54.4positive decrease (1.1)
135positive decrease (4) Croatia54.1positive decrease (2.2)
136negative increase (1) Oman52.0negative increase (0.3)
137positive decrease (2) Barbados50.8positive decrease (1.2)
138Steady Greece50.6negative increase (0.2)
139Steady Costa Rica48.7positive decrease (1.0)
140positive decrease (4) Latvia47.9positive decrease (4.0)
141Steady Hungary47.6positive decrease (0.7)
142positive decrease (2) United Arab Emirates47.3positive decrease (1.6)
143positive decrease (1) Qatar47.1positive decrease (0.9)
144negative increase (1) Argentina46.1positive decrease (0.4)
145positive decrease (2) Estonia45.3positive decrease (2.2)
RankCountryFSI
2013Change compared to 20122013Change compared to 2012
146positive decrease (2) Slovakia45.3positive decrease (2.1)
147positive decrease (1) Italy44.6positive decrease (1.2)
148positive decrease (1) Mauritius44.5positive decrease (0.2)
149negative increase (4) Spain44.4negative increase (1.6)
150positive decrease (1) Lithuania43.0positive decrease (1.2)
151positive decrease (1) Malta42.4positive decrease (1.4)
152positive decrease (1) Chile42.3positive decrease (1.2)
153positive decrease (5) Poland40.9positive decrease (3.4)
154negative increase (1) Czech Republic39.9negative increase (0.4)
155positive decrease (1) Uruguay38.4positive decrease (2.1)
156positive decrease (4) Japan36.1positive decrease (7.4)
157positive decrease (1) South Korea35.4positive decrease (2.2)
158positive decrease (1) Singapore34.0positive decrease (1.6)
159Steady United States33.5positive decrease (1.3)
160positive decrease (2) United Kingdom33.2positive decrease (2.1)
161negative increase (1) France32.6positive decrease (1.0)
162positive decrease (2) Portugal32.6positive decrease (1.6)
163positive decrease (2) Slovenia32.3positive decrease (1.7)
164positive decrease (1) Belgium30.9positive decrease (2.6)

Sustainable[edit]

RankCountryFSI
2013Change compared to 20122013Change compared to 2012
165positive decrease (1) Germany positive decrease29.7positive decrease (2.0)
166negative increase (2) Austria26.9positive decrease (0.6)
167Steady Netherlands26.9positive decrease (1.2)
168negative increase (1) Canada26.0positive decrease (0.8)
169positive decrease (4) Australia25.4positive decrease (3.8)
170Steady Ireland24.8positive decrease (1.7)
171positive decrease (5) Iceland24.7positive decrease (4.4)
RankCountryFSI
2013Change compared to 20122013Change compared to 2012
172Steady Luxembourg23.3positive decrease (2.2)
173positive decrease (2) New Zealand22.7positive decrease (2.9)
174negative increase (1) Denmark21.9positive decrease (1.1)
175positive decrease (1)  Switzerland21.5positive decrease (1.8)
176positive decrease (3) Norway21.5positive decrease (2.4)
177positive decrease (1) Sweden19.7positive decrease (1.6)
178positive decrease (1) Finland18.0positive decrease (2.0)

Previous[edit]

2012[edit]

Failed States according to the "Failed States Index 2012" of Foreign Policy[8]
  Critical
  In Danger
  Borderline
  Stable
  Most Stable

2011[edit]

Failed States according to the "Failed States Index 2011" of Foreign Policy
  Alert
  Warning
  No Information / Dependent Territory
  Stable
  Sustainable

2010[edit]

Failed States according to the "Failed States Index 2010" of Foreign Policy
  Alert
  Warning
  No Information / Dependent Territory
  Moderate
  Sustainable
[9]

2009[edit]

Failed States according to the "Failed States Index 2009" of Foreign Policy
  Alert
  Warning
  No Information / Dependent Territory
  Moderate
  Sustainable

2008[edit]

Failed States according to the "Failed States Index 2008" of Foreign Policy
  Alert
  Warning
  No Information / Dependent Territory
  Moderate
  Sustainable

2007[edit]

Failed States according to the "Failed States Index 2007" of Foreign Policy
  Alert
  Warning
  No Information / Dependent Territory
  Moderate
  Sustainable

2006[edit]

Failed States according to the "Failed States Index 2006" of Foreign Policy
  Alert
  Warning
  No Information / Dependent Territory
  Moderate
  Sustainable

2005[edit]

Failed States according to the "Failed States Index 2005" of Foreign Policy
  Alert
  Warning
  Moderate / Sustainable / No Information / Dependent Territory

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Failed States Index 2013". The Fund For Peace. Retrieved 31 December 2013. "The FSI focuses on the indicators of risk and is based on thousands of articles and reports that are processed by our CAST Software from electronically available sources. We encourage others to utilize the Failed States Index to develop ideas for promoting greater stability worldwide. We hope the Index will spur conversations, encourage debate, and most of all help guide strategies for sustainable security." 
  2. ^ "Failed States FAQ Number 6". the Fund for Peace. Retrieved 2007-10-22. [dead link]
  3. ^ "Failing States: SOS". The Economist. June 19, 2007. Retrieved 1 December 2012. 
  4. ^ Bloom, David E. (May 5, 2011). "Africa's Daunting Challenges". New York Times. Retrieved 1 December 2012. 
  5. ^ Failed States List 2013 The Fund for Peace. Retrieved on 2013-06-24.
  6. ^ Al Jazeera - Somalia tops 'failed states index'
  7. ^ Indicators The Fund for Peace. Retrieved on 2013-09-27
  8. ^ http://www.foreignpolicy.com/failed_states_index_2012_interactive Failed States, Foreign Policy, accessed 27 Feb 2013
  9. ^ "Somalia tops 'failed states index'". 21 June 2010. Retrieved 31 December 2013. "The index is based on factors such as refugee flows, economic decline and security threats [EPA] Somalia tops the list of so-called failed states, based on factors including its economy, human rights record and security, a new survey says. The Fund for Peace and Foreign Policy Magazine released their 2010 "Failed States Index", on Monday, ranking 177 countries to determine those most at risk of failure. The annual reportuses 12 metrics including security threats, economic implosion, human rights violations and refugee flows. ~. Somalia, which has held the worst position for three years in a row, has not had an effective government since 1991. It is wracked by bloody fighting between anti-government groups and the army in large parts of the country and pirates are operating off the coast." 

External links[edit]