List of counties in Virginia

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For a list of Virginia independent cities, which are county-equivalent for census purposes, see List of cities in Virginia
Settlements in Virginia
Cities · Towns · Unincorporated
Counties · Magisterial · Former

The Commonwealth of Virginia is divided into 95 counties, along with 38 independent cities that are considered county-equivalents for census purposes. Note that the map in this article, taken from the official United States Census Bureau site, includes Clifton Forge and Bedford as an independent city. This reflected the political reality at the time of the 2000 Census. However both have relinquished their city charters and reincorporated as towns in their respective counties, as in Virginia all municipalities incorporated as towns are included within counties. For some counties, for statistical purposes, the Bureau of Economic Analysis combines any independent cities with the county that it was once part of (before the legislation creating independent cities took place in 1871).

Many county seats are politically not a part of the counties they serve; under Virginia law, all municipalities incorporated as cities are independent cities and are not part of any county. Some of the cities in the Hampton Roads area (Virginia Beach, Chesapeake, Newport News, Hampton, and Suffolk) were formed from an entire county. These cities are no longer county seats, since the counties ceased to exist once the cities were completely formed, but are functionally equivalent to counties.

It is also worthy of note that there are several counties and cities which have the same name, but are separate politically. These currently include Fairfax, Franklin, Richmond, and Roanoke. In the past they also included Norfolk and Alexandria, whose counties changed their names, ostensibly to end some of the confusion; as well as Bedford, where a city was surrounded by a county of the same name from 1968 until 2013, when the city reverted to town status. Similarity in their names does not necessarily mean that the current counties and cities which share names are close geographically. Richmond County is nowhere near the City of Richmond, and Franklin County is even farther from the City of Franklin.

The map below may be clicked upon to go to any of the counties (or named Independent cities) shown.

Alexandria, VirginiaBedford, VirginiaBristol, VirginiaBuena Vista, VirginiaCharlottesville, VirginiaChesapeake, VirginiaCovington, VirginiaDanville, VirginiaEmporia, VirginiaFairfax, VirginiaFalls Church, VirginiaFranklin, VirginiaFredericksburg, VirginiaGalax, VirginiaColonial Heights, VirginiaHampton, VirginiaHopewell, VirginiaHarrisonburg, VirginiaLexington, VirginiaLynchburg, VirginiaManassas, VirginiaManassas Park, VirginiaMartinsville, VirginiaNewport News, VirginiaNorfolk, VirginiaNorton, VirginiaPetersburg, VirginiaPoquoson, VirginiaPortsmouth, VirginiaRadford, VirginiaRichmond, VirginiaRoanoke, VirginiaSalem, VirginiaStaunton, VirginiaSuffolk, VirginiaVirginia Beach, VirginiaWaynesboro, VirginiaWilliamsburg, VirginiaWinchester, VirginiaArlington County, VirginiaAlexandria, VirginiaFairfax County, VirginiaPrince William County, VirginiaLoudoun County, VirginiaFrederick County, VirginiaClarke County, VirginiaStafford County, VirginiaFauquier County, VirginiaShenandoah County, VirginiaWarren County, VirginiaRappahannock County, VirginiaCulpeper County, VirginiaKing George County, VirginiaPage County, VirginiaRockingham County, VirginiaMadison County, VirginiaGreene County, VirginiaOrange County, VirginiaSpotsylvania County, VirginiaWestmoreland County, VirginiaNorthumberland County, VirginiaAccomack County, VirginiaNorthampton County, VirginiaYork County, VirginiaHampton, VirginiaNewport News, VirginiaJames City County, VirginiaRichmond County, VirginiaLancaster County, VirginiaMatthews County, VirginiaMiddlesex County, VirginiaEssex County, VirginiaCaroline County, VirginiaKing and Queen County, VirginiaKing William County, VirginiaGloucester County, VirginiaNew Kent County, VirginiaHanover County, VirginiaHenrico County, VirginiaRichmond, VirginiaHighland County, VirginiaAugusta County, VirginiaAlbemarle County, VirginiaLouisa County, VirginiaCharles City County, VirginiaFluvanna County, VirginiaGoochland County, VirginiaChesterfield County, VirginiaSurry County, VirginiaPrince George County, VirginiaBath County, VirginiaAlleghany County, VirginiaCraig County, VirginiaBotetourt County, VirginiaRoanoke County, VirginiaMontgomery County, VirginiaPulaski County, VirginiaGiles County, VirginiaRockbridge County, VirginiaBland County, VirginiaTazewell County, VirginiaBuchanan County, VirginiaDickenson County, VirginiaWise County, VirginiaLee County, VirginiaScott County, VirginiaRussell County, VirginiaWashington County, VirginiaWythe County, VirginiaSmyth County, VirginiaGrayson County, VirginiaCarroll County, VirginiaFloyd County, VirginiaPatrick County, VirginiaHenry County, VirginiaFranklin County, VirginiaBedford County, VirginiaPittsylvania County, VirginiaCampbell County, VirginiaHalifax County, VirginiaCharlotte County, VirginiaNelson County, VirginiaMecklenberg County, VirginiaLunenburg County, VirginiaPrince Edward County, VirginiaAmherst County, VirginiaAppomattox County, VirginiaBuckingham County, VirginiaCumberland County, VirginiaPowhatan County, VirginiaAmelia County, VirginiaNottoway County, VirginiaDinwiddie County, VirginiaBrunswick County, VirginiaGreensville County, VirginiaSussex County, VirginiaSouthampton County, VirginiaIsle of Wight County, VirginiaSuffolk, VirginiaPortsmouth, VirginiaNorfolk, VirginiaVirginia Beach, VirginiaChesapeake, VirginiaVirginia counties and independent cities
About this image

Virginia's postal abbreviation is VA and its FIPS state code is 51.

List of 95 counties in the Commonwealth of Virginia (link shown under Fips County Code are for the U.S. Census Bureau Statistics Info Page for that county):

List of counties[edit]

FIPS code
County seat
Accomack County001AccomacDecember 31, 1663Accomac Shire was established in 1634 as one of the original eight shires of Virginia.From the Native American word Accawmack, meaning "on the other side", referencing the county's position across Chesapeake Bay33,164455 sq mi
(1,178 km2)
State map highlighting Accomack County
Albemarle County003CharlottesvilleDecember 31, 1744In 1744, the Virginia General Assembly created Albemarle County by taking the northern portion of Goochland County.Willem Anne van Keppel, 2nd Earl of Albemarle, colonial proprietary governor98,970723 sq mi
(1,873 km2)
State map highlighting Albemarle County
Alleghany County005CovingtonJanuary 5, 1822Formed from parts of Bath and Botetourt counties as well as Monroe County (now in WV)Alleghany Mountains12,926446 sq mi
(1,155 km2)
State map highlighting Alleghany County
Amelia County007Amelia Court HouseMarch 25, 1735Formed from Brunswick and Prince George countiesPrincess Amelia Sophia, second daughter of George II of Great Britain11,400357 sq mi
(925 km2)
State map highlighting Amelia County
Amherst County009AmherstJanuary 11, 1761From Albemarle countyJeffery Amherst, British conqueror of Quebec during the Seven Years' War and colonial governor of Virginia31,894475 sq mi
(1,230 km2)
State map highlighting Amherst County
Appomattox County011AppomattoxMay 1, 1845From Buckingham, Campbell, Charlotte and Prince Edward countiesAppomattox River13,705334 sq mi
(865 km2)
State map highlighting Appomattox County
Arlington County013ArlingtonSeptember 7, 1846Annexed from Washington, DCHenry Bennet, 1st Earl of Arlington, colonial proprietary landowner220,56526 sq mi
(67 km2)
State map highlighting Arlington County
Augusta County015StauntonDecember 15, 1738Augusta country was formed in 1738 from Orange County, Virginia, although the government was not organized until 1745.Augusta of Saxe-Gotha, the Princess of Wales65,615971 sq mi
(2,515 km2)
State map highlighting Augusta County
Bath County017Warm SpringsMay 4, 1791From Augusta, Botetourt and Greenbrier counties May 1, 1791Bath, England5,048532 sq mi
(1,378 km2)
State map highlighting Bath County
Bedford County019BedfordMay 10, 1754From Lunenburg countyJohn Russell, 4th Duke of Bedford, British politician and one of the head negotiators of the Peace of Paris60,371755 sq mi
(1,955 km2)
State map highlighting Bedford County
Bland County021BlandMarch 30, 1861From Giles, Tazewell, and Wythe countiesRichard Bland, member of the Continental Congress and publisher of the American Revolutionary War-era tract An Inquiry into the Rights of the British Colonies6,871359 sq mi
(930 km2)
State map highlighting Bland County
Botetourt County023FincastleJanuary 31, 1770From Augusta county.Norborne Berkeley, 4th Baron Botetourt, colonial governor of Virginia30,496543 sq mi
(1,406 km2)
State map highlighting Botetourt County
Brunswick County025LawrencevilleDecember 17, 1720From Prince George countyDuchy of Brunswick-Lüneburg, from which the current line of British monarchs hailed18,419566 sq mi
(1,466 km2)
State map highlighting Brunswick County
Buchanan County027GrundyFebruary 13, 1858From Russell and Tazewell countiesJames Buchanan, fifteenth U.S. President26,978504 sq mi
(1,305 km2)
State map highlighting Buchanan County
Buckingham County029BuckinghamMay 1, 1761From Albemarle countyBuckinghamshire, England15,623581 sq mi
(1,505 km2)
State map highlighting Buckingham County
Campbell County031RustburgFebruary 1, 1782From Bedford countyWilliam Campbell, Revolutionary War general51,078504 sq mi
(1,305 km2)
State map highlighting Campbell County
Caroline County033Bowling GreenMay 1, 1728From Essex, King and Queen, and King William countiesCaroline of Ansbach, wife of King George II of Great Britain28,545533 sq mi
(1,380 km2)
State map highlighting Caroline County
Carroll County035HillsvilleJanuary 17, 1842From Grayson countyCharles Carroll of Carrollton30,042476 sq mi
(1,233 km2)
State map highlighting Carroll County
Charles City County036Charles CityDecember 31, 1634Colonial division before 1635[3]King Charles I of England6,926182 sq mi
(471 km2)
State map highlighting Charles City County
Charlotte County037Charlotte Court HouseMarch 1, 1765From Lunenburg countyCharlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, wife of King George III of Great Britain12,472475 sq mi
(1,230 km2)
State map highlighting Charlotte County
Chesterfield County041ChesterfieldMay 25, 1749From Henrico CountyPhilip Stanhope, 4th Earl of Chesterfield, British politician and Lord of the Bedchamber322,388426 sq mi
(1,103 km2)
State map highlighting Chesterfield County
Clarke County043BerryvilleMarch 8, 1836From Frederick CountyGeorge Rogers Clarke, Revolutionary War general12,652177 sq mi
(458 km2)
State map highlighting Clarke County
Craig County045New CastleMarch 21, 1851Formed from Botetourt, Roanoke, Giles, and Monroe (in present-day West Virginia) CountiesRobert Craig, U.S. Representative from Virginia5,091330 sq mi
(855 km2)
State map highlighting Craig County
Culpeper County047CulpeperMay 17, 1749Culpeper County was established in 1749 from Orange County, Virginia.Thomas Colepeper, 2nd Baron Colepeper, colonial proprietary governor46,689381 sq mi
(987 km2)
State map highlighting Culpeper County
Cumberland County049CumberlandMay 20, 1749Goochland CountyPrince William, Duke of Cumberland, British general, politician, and son of King George II9,017298 sq mi
(772 km2)
State map highlighting Cumberland County
Dickenson County051ClintwoodMarch 3, 1880Formed from parts of Buchanan, Russell, and Wise CountiesWilliam J. Dickinson, member of the Virginia House of Delegates16,395333 sq mi
(862 km2)
State map highlighting Dickenson County
Dinwiddie County053DinwiddieMay 1, 1752From Prince George CountyRobert Dinwiddie, colonial lieutenant governor of Virginia24,533504 sq mi
(1,305 km2)
State map highlighting Dinwiddie County
Essex County057TappahannockApril 26, 1692Essex County was established in 1692 from Rappahannock County, Virginia.Essex, United Kingdom9,989258 sq mi
(668 km2)
State map highlighting Essex County
Fairfax County059FairfaxDecember 1, 1742From Prince William CountyThomas Fairfax, 6th Lord Fairfax of Cameron, the only resident British noble in Virginia1,118,602396 sq mi
(1,026 km2)
State map highlighting Fairfax County
Fauquier County061WarrentonMay 1, 1759From Prince William CountyFrancis Fauquier, colonial lieutenant governor of Virginia68,010650 sq mi
(1,683 km2)
State map highlighting Fauquier County
Floyd County063FloydFebruary 1, 1831From Montgomery CountyJohn Floyd, governor of Virginia13,874382 sq mi
(989 km2)
State map highlighting Floyd County
Fluvanna County065PalmyraJuly 1, 1777From Henrico CountyFrom the Latin name for the James River, which itself translates to "Annie's River" in honor of Queen Anne20,047287 sq mi
(743 km2)
State map highlighting Fluvanna County
Franklin County067Rocky MountJanuary 1, 1786Formed from parts of Bedford and Henry CountiesBenjamin Franklin, publisher, orator, scholar, and U.S. Founding Father47,286692 sq mi
(1,792 km2)
State map highlighting Franklin County
Frederick County069WinchesterDecember 15, 1738From Orange CountyFrederick, Prince of Wales, eldest son of George II59,209415 sq mi
(1,075 km2)
State map highlighting Frederick County
Giles County071PearisburgMay 1, 1806Formed from Montgomery, Monroe, Wythe, and Tazewell CountiesWilliam Branch Giles, U.S. Senator from Virginia16,657358 sq mi
(927 km2)
State map highlighting Giles County
Gloucester County073GloucesterDecember 31, 1651From York CountyGloucestershire, England34,780217 sq mi
(562 km2)
State map highlighting Gloucester County
Goochland County075GoochlandMay 1, 1728From Henrico CountyWilliam Gooch, colonial lieutenant governor of Virginia16,863284 sq mi
(736 km2)
State map highlighting Goochland County
Grayson County077IndependenceMay 1, 1793From Wythe CountyWilliam Grayson, U.S. Senator from Virginia17,917443 sq mi
(1,147 km2)
State map highlighting Grayson County
Greene County079StanardsvilleJanuary 24, 1838From Orange CountyNathanael Greene, Revolutionary War general15,244157 sq mi
(407 km2)
State map highlighting Greene County
Greensville County081EmporiaFebruary 1, 1781From Brunswick CountyRichard Grenville, commander of the English expedition to found Roanoke Colony11,560296 sq mi
(767 km2)
State map highlighting Greensville County
Halifax County083HalifaxMay 10, 1752From Lunenburg CountyGeorge Montagu-Dunk, 2nd Earl of Halifax, President of the Board of Trade37,355814 sq mi
(2,108 km2)
State map highlighting Halifax County
Hanover County085HanoverMay 1, 1721From the area of New Kent County called St. Paul's ParishElectorate of Hanover, from which the current line of British monarchs hailed101,327473 sq mi
(1,225 km2)
State map highlighting Hanover County
Henrico County087Richmond1617Original county of the Colony under EnglandHenry Frederick, Prince of Wales, oldest son of James I of England306,935238 sq mi
(616 km2)
State map highlighting Henrico County
Henry County089Martinsville1777From Pittsylvania County, it was initially named Patrick Henry CountyPatrick Henry, governor of Virginia and U.S. Founding Father57,930382 sq mi
(989 km2)
State map highlighting Henry County
Highland County091Monterey1847From Bath and Pendleton Counties[4]Mountainous topography2,536416 sq mi
(1,077 km2)
State map highlighting Highland County
Isle of Wight County093Isle of Wight1634Original county of the Colony under England, initially named Warrosquyoake ShireIsle of Wight, England29,728316 sq mi
(818 km2)
State map highlighting Isle of Wight County
James City County095Williamsburg1617Original county of the Colony under EnglandKing James I of England68,971143 sq mi
(370 km2)
State map highlighting James City County
King and Queen County097King and Queen Court House1691King and Queen County was established in 1691 from New Kent County, Virginia.King William III and Queen Mary II6,630316 sq mi
(818 km2)
State map highlighting King and Queen County
King George County099King George1721From Richmond CountyGeorge I of Great Britain16,803180 sq mi
(466 km2)
State map highlighting King George County
King William County101King William1702English colonists formed King William County in 1702 out of King and Queen County, Virginia.William III of England13,146275 sq mi
(712 km2)
State map highlighting King William County
Lancaster County103Lancaster1651Lancaster County was established in 1651 from Northumberland and York counties.Lancaster, United Kingdom11,567133 sq mi
(344 km2)
State map highlighting Lancaster County
Lee County105Jonesville1793From Russell CountyLight Horse Harry Lee, Revolutionary War general and governor of Virginia23,589437 sq mi
(1,132 km2)
State map highlighting Lee County
Loudoun County107Leesburg1757From Fairfax CountyJohn Campbell, 4th Earl of Loudoun, British Commander-in-Chief, North America during the Seven Years' War333,253520 sq mi
(1,347 km2)
State map highlighting Loudoun County
Louisa County109Louisa1742From Hanover CountyPrincess Louise, youngest daughter of George II25,627498 sq mi
(1,290 km2)
State map highlighting Louisa County
Lunenburg County111Lunenburg1746From Brunswick CountyDuchy of Brunswick-Lüneburg, from which the current line of British monarchs hailed13,146432 sq mi
(1,119 km2)
State map highlighting Lunenburg County
Madison County113Madison1793From Orange CountyJames Madison, Congressman from Virginia, principal author of the U.S. Constitution, and future U.S. President12,520322 sq mi
(834 km2)
State map highlighting Madison County
Mathews County115Mathews1791From Gloucester CountyThomas Mathews, Revolutionary War general.9,20786 sq mi
(223 km2)
State map highlighting Mathews County
Mecklenburg County117Boydton1765From Lunenburg CountyCharlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, wife of King George III32,380624 sq mi
(1,616 km2)
State map highlighting Mecklenburg County
Middlesex County119Saluda1673From Lancaster CountyMiddlesex, United Kingdom9,932130 sq mi
(337 km2)
State map highlighting Middlesex County
Montgomery County121Christiansburg1777From Fincastle CountyRichard Montgomery, Revolutionary War general83,629388 sq mi
(1,005 km2)
State map highlighting Montgomery County
Nelson County125Lovingston1808From Amherst CountyThomas Nelson Jr., governor of Virginia and signer of the Declaration of Independence14,445472 sq mi
(1,222 km2)
State map highlighting Nelson County
New Kent County127New Kent1654New Kent County was established in 1654 from York County, Virginia.Kent County, England13,462210 sq mi
(544 km2)
State map highlighting New Kent County
Northampton County131Eastville1634Original county of the Colony under England, initially named Accomac ShireNorthamptonshire, England13,093207 sq mi
(536 km2)
State map highlighting Northampton County
Northumberland County133Heathsville1648The county was created by the Virginia General Assembly in 1648 during a period of rapid population growth and geographic expansion.Northumberland, United Kingdom12,259192 sq mi
(497 km2)
State map highlighting Northumberland County
Nottoway County135Nottoway1789From the area of Amelia County called Nottaway ParishNodawa tribe15,725315 sq mi
(816 km2)
State map highlighting Nottoway County
Orange County137Orange1734Settlers established the legal entity of Orange County in 1734 from a portion of Spotsylvania County, Virginia.William III of England25,881342 sq mi
(886 km2)
State map highlighting Orange County
Page County139Luray1831From Shenandoah and Rockingham countiesJohn Page, governor of Virginia23,177311 sq mi
(805 km2)
State map highlighting Page County
Patrick County141Stuart1791From Patrick Henry CountyPatrick Henry, governor of Virginia and U.S. Founding Father19,407483 sq mi
(1,251 km2)
State map highlighting Patrick County
Pittsylvania County143Chatham1767From Halifax CountyWilliam Pitt, British Prime Minister61,745978 sq mi
(2,533 km2)
State map highlighting Pittsylvania County
Powhatan County145Powhatan1777From Cumberland CountyPowhatan tribe22,377261 sq mi
(676 km2)
State map highlighting Powhatan County
Prince Edward County147Farmville1754From Amelia CountyPrince Edward, Duke of York and Albany, brother of George III19,720353 sq mi
(914 km2)
State map highlighting Prince Edward County
Prince George County149Prince George1703From Charles City CountyPrince George of Denmark, husband of Queen Anne33,047266 sq mi
(689 km2)
State map highlighting Prince George County
Prince William County153Manassas1731From Stafford and King George countiesPrince William Augustus, son of George II421,164338 sq mi
(875 km2)
State map highlighting Prince William County
Pulaski County155Pulaski1839From Montgomery and Wythe countiesKazimierz Pulaski, Polish-born Revolutionary War general35,127321 sq mi
(831 km2)
State map highlighting Pulaski County
Rappahannock County157Washington1833First founded in 1656 from part of Lancaster, and became extinct in 1692 when split to form Essex and Richmond. The current county was formed by the General Assembly in 1833, based on the need for a new county seat. County lands were taken from Culpeper.Rappahannock River6,983267 sq mi
(692 km2)
State map highlighting Rappahannock County
Richmond County159Warsaw1692The original Rappahannock County was split to form Richmond and Essex counties.Charles Lennox, 1st Duke of Richmond, illegitimate son of King Charles II8,809192 sq mi
(497 km2)
State map highlighting Richmond County
Roanoke County161Salem1838From the southern part of Botetourt CountyRoanoke River85,778251 sq mi
(650 km2)
State map highlighting Roanoke County
Rockbridge County163Lexington1778From parts of Augusta and Botetourt countiesNatural Bridge20,808600 sq mi
(1,554 km2)
State map highlighting Rockbridge County
Rockingham County165Harrisonburg1778From Augusta CountyCharles Watson-Wentworth, 2nd Marquess of Rockingham, British Prime Minister67,725851 sq mi
(2,204 km2)
State map highlighting Rockingham County
Russell County167Lebanon1786From a section of Washington CountyWilliam Russell, frontiersman and state representative30,308475 sq mi
(1,230 km2)
State map highlighting Russell County
Scott County169Gate City1814Formed from parts of Washington, Lee, and Russell CountiesWinfield Scott, War of 1812 and later Mexican-American War general23,403537 sq mi
(1,391 km2)
State map highlighting Scott County
Shenandoah County171Woodstock1772Formed from land purchased from the Iroquois in 1744Shenandoah River35,075512 sq mi
(1,326 km2)
State map highlighting Shenandoah County
Smyth County173Marion1832From Washington and Wythe countiesAlexander Smyth, Congressman from Virginia33,081452 sq mi
(1,171 km2)
State map highlighting Smyth County
Southampton County175Courtland1749Most of it from part of Warrosquyoake ShireDisputed; either Southampton, England or Henry Wriothesley, 3rd Earl of Southampton, one of the founders of the Virginia Company17,482600 sq mi
(1,554 km2)
State map highlighting Southampton County
Spotsylvania County177Spotsylvania Courthouse1721Spotsylvania County was established in 1721 from Essex, King and Queen, and King William counties.Alexander Spotswood, colonial lieutenant governor of Virginia125,684401 sq mi
(1,039 km2)
State map highlighting Spotsylvania County
Stafford County179Stafford1664From part of Westmoreland CountyStafford, England132,791270 sq mi
(699 km2)
State map highlighting Stafford County
Surry County181Surry1652From part of James City CountySurrey, United Kingdom6,829279 sq mi
(723 km2)
State map highlighting Surry County
Sussex County183Sussex1754From Surry CountySussex, United Kingdom12,504491 sq mi
(1,272 km2)
State map highlighting Sussex County
Tazewell County185Tazewell1800From portions of Wythe and Russell countiesHenry Tazewell, U.S. Senator from Virginia44,598520 sq mi
(1,347 km2)
State map highlighting Tazewell County
Warren County187Front Royal1836From Frederick and Shenandoah countiesJoseph Warren, Revolutionary War general31,584214 sq mi
(554 km2)
State map highlighting Warren County
Washington County191Abingdon1777From Fincastle CountyGeorge Washington, Revolutionary War commander, U.S. Founding Father, and future U.S. President51,103564 sq mi
(1,461 km2)
State map highlighting Washington County
Westmoreland County193Montross1653From Northumberland CountyWestmoreland, United Kingdom16,718229 sq mi
(593 km2)
State map highlighting Westmoreland County
Wise County195Wise1856From Lee, Scott, and Russell CountiesHenry Alexander Wise, governor of Virginia40,123403 sq mi
(1,044 km2)
State map highlighting Wise County
Wythe County197Wytheville1790From Montgomery CountyGeorge Wythe, legal scholar and signer of the Declaration of Independence27,599463 sq mi
(1,199 km2)
State map highlighting Wythe County
York County199Yorktown1634Formed in 1634 as one of the eight shires of Virginia. It was originally called Charles River Shire.James Stuart, Duke of York, the future King James II65,464106 sq mi
(275 km2)
State map highlighting York County

List of independent cities[edit]

FIPS code
City of Alexandria510N/A1902[5]From Alexandria County before 1870[6]Phillip & John Alexander, brothers and area plantation owners147,39115 sq mi
(39 km2)
State map highlighting City of Alexandria
City of Bristol520N/A1902[5]From Washington County in 1890[6]Bristol, England17,36712 sq mi
(31 km2)
State map highlighting City of Bristol
City of Buena Vista530N/A1902[5]From Rockbridge County in 1892[6]from the Buena Vista Company, which founded an iron mine in the area and established the town for its laborers6,3497 sq mi
(18 km2)
State map highlighting City of Buena Vista
City of Charlottesville540N/A1902[5]From Albemarle County in 1888[6]Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, wife of King George III45,04910 sq mi
(26 km2)
State map highlighting City of Charlottesville
City of Chesapeake550N/A1963Formed out of consolidation of Norfolk County (extinct) and City of South Norfolk (extinct)[7]Chesapeake tribe222,209341 sq mi
(883 km2)
State map highlighting City of Chesapeake
City of Colonial Heights570N/A1948From Chesterfield CountyFrom the actions of Revolutionary War general Gilbert du Motier, marquis de Lafayette; his soldiers, nicknamed the "Colonials," placed an artillery on high ground overlooking Petersburg16,8978 sq mi
(21 km2)
State map highlighting City of Colonial Heights
City of Covington580N/A1952From Alleghany CountyLeonard Covington, hero of the Siege of Fort Recovery and Congressman from Maryland6,3034 sq mi
(10 km2)
State map highlighting City of Covington
City of Danville590N/A1902[5]From Pittsylvania County before 1870[6]Dan River48,41143 sq mi
(111 km2)
State map highlighting City of Danville
City of Emporia595N/A1967From Greensville CountyEmporia, Kansas5,6657 sq mi
(18 km2)
State map highlighting City of Emporia
City of Fairfax600N/A1961From Fairfax CountyThomas Fairfax, 6th Lord Fairfax of Cameron, only resident British noble in colonial Virginia21,4986 sq mi
(16 km2)
State map highlighting City of Fairfax
City of Falls Church610N/A1948From Fairfax CountyThe Falls Church12,3322 sq mi
(5 km2)
State map highlighting City of Falls Church
City of Franklin620N/A1961From Southampton CountyBenjamin Franklin, publisher, scholar, orator, and U.S. Founding Father8,3468 sq mi
(21 km2)
State map highlighting City of Franklin
City of Fredericksburg630N/A1902[5]From Spotsylvania County before 1870[6]Frederick, Prince of Wales, eldest son of King George II24,28610 sq mi
(26 km2)
State map highlighting City of Fredericksburg
City of Galax640N/A1952From Grayson County and Carroll Countythe galax shrub6,8378 sq mi
(21 km2)
State map highlighting City of Galax
City of Hampton650N/A1908Founded 1610. Current city formed by consolidation of Elizabeth City County and City of Hampton in 1952[7]Disputed; either Southampton, England or Henry Wriothesley, 3rd Earl of Southampton, one of the founders of the Virginia Company146,43752 sq mi
(135 km2)
State map highlighting City of Hampton
City of Harrisonburg660N/A1916From Rockingham County in 1916[6]Thomas Harrison, pioneering settler and town founder40,46818 sq mi
(47 km2)
State map highlighting City of Harrisonburg
City of Hopewell670N/A1916From Prince George County in 1916[6]The Hopewell, a ship that carried some of the early English settlers to Virginia22,35410 sq mi
(26 km2)
State map highlighting City of Hopewell
City of Lexington678N/A1966From Rockbridge CountyRevolutionary War Battle of Lexington6,8672 sq mi
(5 km2)
State map highlighting City of Lexington
City of Lynchburg680N/A1902[5]From Campbell County before 1870[6]John Lynch, ferry operator and constructor of the first bridge across the James River in the area65,26949 sq mi
(127 km2)
State map highlighting City of Lynchburg
City of Manassas683N/A1975From Prince William County?Manassas Gap Railroad40,60510 sq mi
(26 km2)
State map highlighting City of Manassas
City of Manassas Park685N/A1975From Prince William County?Manassas Gap Railroad and Manassas National Battlefield Park14,2732 sq mi
(5 km2)
State map highlighting City of Manassas Park
City of Martinsville690N/A1928From Henry CountyJoseph Martin, Revolutionary War general15,41611 sq mi
(28 km2)
State map highlighting City of Martinsville
City of Newport News700N/A1902[5]From Warwick County in 1896[6]Uncertain—see main city article180,72668 sq mi
(176 km2)
State map highlighting City of Newport News
City of Norfolk710N/A1845[8]Founded 1682.[9] Incorporated as City in 1845 from Lower Norfolk County (extinct)[7]Norfolk, England245,78254 sq mi
(140 km2)
State map highlighting City of Norfolk
City of Norton720N/A1954From Wise CountyEckstein Norton, president of the Louisville and Nashville Railroad3,9047 sq mi
(18 km2)
State map highlighting City of Norton
City of Petersburg730N/A1902[5]From Prince George County before 1870[6]Peter Jones, early settler and merchant33,74023 sq mi
(60 km2)
State map highlighting City of Petersburg
City of Poquoson735N/A1975From York CountyAn Algonquin term roughly translating to "great marsh" or "flat land"11,56616 sq mi
(41 km2)
State map highlighting City of Poquoson
City of Portsmouth740N/A1858[7]Founded 1752.[10] Incorporated as City in 1858 from Norfolk County (extinct)[7]Portsmouth, England96,47033 sq mi
(85 km2)
State map highlighting City of Portsmouth
City of Radford750N/A1902[5]From Montgomery County in 1892[6]Dr. John Blair Radford, owner of a plantation that included that town's lands15,85910 sq mi
(26 km2)
State map highlighting City of Radford
City of Richmond760N/A1902[5]From Henrico County before 1870[6]Richmond, Surrey, England210,30960 sq mi
(155 km2)
State map highlighting City of Richmond
City of Roanoke770N/A1902[5]From Roanoke County in 1884[6]Roanoke River94,91143 sq mi
(111 km2)
State map highlighting City of Roanoke
City of Salem775N/A1968From Roanoke CountyAfter Salem, New Jersey, home of town founder William Bryan24,74715 sq mi
(39 km2)
State map highlighting City of Salem
City of Staunton790N/A1902[5]From Augusta County before 1870[6]Lady Rebecca Staunton, wife of colonial Lieutenant Governor William Gooch23,85320 sq mi
(52 km2)
State map highlighting City of Staunton
City of Suffolk800N/A1910[11]Founded 1742.[11] Incorporated as City in 1910 from Nansemond County (extinct)[11]Suffolk, England63,677400 sq mi
(1,036 km2)
State map highlighting City of Suffolk
City of Virginia Beach810N/A1963Founded 1906 around existing community of Seatack. Incorporated as City in 1963 from Princess Anne County (extinct)[7]The city's coastal location447,021248 sq mi
(642 km2)
State map highlighting City of Virginia Beach
City of Waynesboro820N/A1948From Augusta CountyAnthony Wayne, Revolutionary War general19,52014 sq mi
(36 km2)
State map highlighting City of Waynesboro
City of Williamsburg830N/A1902[5]From James City CountyWilliam III of England14,0689 sq mi
(23 km2)
State map highlighting City of Williamsburg
City of Winchester840N/A1902[5]From Frederick County in 1874[6]Winchester, England23,5859 sq mi
(23 km2)
State map highlighting City of Winchester

Former counties[edit]

Virginia Colony[edit]

Kentucky Territory[edit]

West Virginia[edit]


  1. ^ a b "EPA County FIPS Code Listing". Retrieved 2008-02-23. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h National Association of Counties. "NACo - Find a county". Retrieved 2007-04-26. 
  3. ^ "Virginia Historical Counties". Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. Chicago: Newberry Library. Retrieved 2010-07-10. Select the map for December 31, 1634 (the earliest date available).
  4. ^ "About Us: History". Highland County. Retrieved December 26, 2013. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o "Virginia Historical Counties". Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. Chicago: Newberry Library. Retrieved 2010-07-09. Compare the maps for July 9 and July 10, 1902.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Census Office (1920). Fourteenth Census of the United States. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f Durman, George W. "Current Virginia Counties & Independent Cities". Germanna Colonies. Retrieved 31 January 2012. 
  8. ^ City of Norfolk. "19th Century History". City of Norfolk History. Retrieved 31 January 2012. 
  9. ^ City of Norfolk. "17th Century History". City of Norfolk History. Retrieved 31 January 2012. 
  10. ^ City of Portsmouth. "City of Portsmouth, Virginia - History". City of Portsmouth. Retrieved 31 January 2012. 
  11. ^ a b c City of Suffolk. "All About Suffolk: History". Suffolk: Community. Retrieved 31 January 2012.