List of counties in Tennessee

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ShelbyTiptonLauderdaleDyerLakeObionFayetteHaywoodCrockettGibsonWeakleyHardemanMadisonMcNairyChesterHendersonCarrollHenryHardinDecaturBentonWaynePerryHumphreysHoustonStewartLawrenceLewisHickmanDicksonMontgomeryGilesMauryWilliamsonCheathamDavidsonRobertsonLincolnMooreMarshallBedfordRutherfordWilsonSumnerTrousdaleMaconFranklinCoffeeCannonMarionGrundyWarrenVan BurenDeKalbWhitePutnamSmithJacksonClayOvertonPickettHamiltonSequatchieBledsoeCumberlandFentressBradleyRheaMeigsPolkMcMinnRoaneMorganScottMonroeLoudonBlountKnoxAndersonUnionCampbellClaiborneSevierJeffersonGraingerHancockCockeHamblenGreeneHawkinsUnicoiWashingtonSullivanCarterJohnsonUse cursor to identify counties or click for full pictureTennessee population map.png
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Labeled map of Tennessee

This is a list of the 95 counties in the State of Tennessee. A county is a local level of government smaller than a state and typically larger than a city or town, in a U.S. state or territory.

As of 2010, Shelby County was both Tennessee's most populous county, with 927,644 residents, and the largest county in area, covering an area of 755 sq mi (1,955 km2). The least populous county was Pickett County (4,945) and the smallest in area was Trousdale County, covering 114 sq mi (295 km2). As of the same year, Davidson County, in which the capital Nashville is located, covers 502 sq mi (1,300 km2) with a population of 569,891. The population of the state of Tennessee as of the 2000 census was 5,689,283 in an area of 42,169 sq mi (109,217 km2).[1][2][3] The oldest county is Washington County, founded in 1777. The most recently formed county is Chester County (1879).[1]

According to the 2000 census, the center of population for Tennessee was located at 35°47′45″N 86°23′52″W / 35.795862°N 86.397772°W / 35.795862; -86.397772, 2.5 mi (4.0 km) south of Murfreesboro in Rutherford County.[4] The center of population pinpoints the location at which the population of the state, as placed on a map of the state where they reside, would balance out the map. The geographic center, the point where the map of Tennessee would balance without the population, is located 5 mi (8 km) northeast of Murfreesboro. In 1976, the Rutherford County Historical Society marked the geographic center of Tennessee with an obelisk.[5]

Some of the counties were formed in part or completely from lands previously controlled by American Indians. The "Indian lands" were territories that American Indians had occupied from pre-Columbian times and to which they were granted the legal right of occupancy in an act of the United States government. In cases where counties had been formed from that territory, the legal right of American Indian occupancy was revoked in a federal act prior to the formal establishment of the county.[6] For Tennessee, ten treaties were negotiated between 1770 and 1835, defining the areas assigned to European settlers and to American Indians, regulating the right of occupancy regarding the lands. The remaining indigenous population was eventually removed from Tennessee to what became the state of Oklahoma.[7]

The Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) code, which is used by the United States government to uniquely identify counties, is provided with each entry. FIPS codes are five-digit numbers; for Tennessee the codes start with 47 and are completed with the three-digit county code. The FIPS code for each county in the table links to census data for that county.[8]

Alphabetical list[edit]

County
FIPS code
[8]
County seat
[1]
Established
[1]
Origin
[9]
Etymology
[9]
Population
Area
[1]
Map
Anderson County001Clinton1801Knox and Grainger CountiesJoseph Anderson (1757–1837), U.S. Senator from Tennessee and first Comptroller of the U.S. Treasury.75,129338 sq mi
(875 km2)
State map highlighting Anderson County
Bedford County003Shelbyville1807Rutherford CountyRevolutionary War officer Thomas Bedford, a large landowner in the area45,058474 sq mi
(1,228 km2)
State map highlighting Bedford County
Benton County005Camden1835Humphreys CountyCreek War veteran David Benton (1779–1860), an early settler in the county.16,489394 sq mi
(1,020 km2)
State map highlighting Benton County
Bledsoe County007Pikeville1807Roane County and Indian landsAnthony Bledsoe (1739-1788), Revolutionary War soldier, surveyor, and early settler in Sumner County12,876406 sq mi
(1,052 km2)
State map highlighting Bledsoe County
Blount County009Maryville1795Knox CountyWilliam Blount (1749–1800), governor of the Southwest Territory and later U.S. Senator123,010559 sq mi
(1,448 km2)
State map highlighting Blount County
Bradley County011Cleveland1836Indian landsTennessee state legislator Edward Bradley.98,963329 sq mi
(852 km2)
State map highlighting Bradley County
Campbell County013Jacksboro1806Anderson and Claiborne countiesVirginia House of Burgesses member Arthur Campbell (1743–1811), who was a negotiator of Indian treaties.40,716480 sq mi
(1,243 km2)
State map highlighting Campbell County
Cannon County015Woodbury1836Rutherford, Smith and Warren countiesGovernor of Tennessee Newton Cannon (1781–1841).13,801266 sq mi
(689 km2)
State map highlighting Cannon County
Carroll County017Huntingdon1821Indian landsGovernor of Tennessee William Carroll (1788–1844).28,522599 sq mi
(1,551 km2)
State map highlighting Carroll County
Carter County019Elizabethton1796Washington CountySpeaker of the State of Franklin senate Landon Carter (1710–1778).57,424341 sq mi
(883 km2)
State map highlighting Carter County
Cheatham County021Ashland City1856Davidson, Dickson, Montgomery and Robertson countiesTennessee state legislator Edward Cheatham.39,105303 sq mi
(785 km2)
State map highlighting Cheatham County
Chester County023Henderson1879Hardeman, Henderson, McNairy and Madison countiesTennessee state legislator Robert I. Chester.17,131289 sq mi
(749 km2)
State map highlighting Chester County
Claiborne County025Tazewell1801Grainger and Hawkins countiesGovernor of Louisiana and Governor of Mississippi Territory William C. C. Claiborne (1775–1817).32,213434 sq mi
(1,124 km2)
State map highlighting Claiborne County
Clay County027Celina1870Jackson and Overton countiesU.S. Speaker of the House and Secretary of State Henry Clay (1777–1852).7,861236 sq mi
(611 km2)
State map highlighting Clay County
Cocke County029Newport1797Jefferson CountyWilliam Cocke (1747–1828), one of Tennessee's first U.S. Senators.35,662434 sq mi
(1,124 km2)
State map highlighting Cocke County
Coffee County031Manchester1836Bedford, Warren and Franklin countiesJohn Coffee (1772–1833), frontiersman, planter, and veteran of Creek War and War of 1812.52,796429 sq mi
(1,111 km2)
State map highlighting Coffee County
Crockett County033Alamo1871Haywood, Madison, Dyer and Gibson countiesDavy Crockett (1786–1836), frontier humorist, Congressman, and defender of the Alamo.14,586265 sq mi
(686 km2)
State map highlighting Crockett County
Cumberland County035Crossville1855White, Bledsoe, Rhea, Morgan, Fentress and Putnam countiesThe Cumberland Mountains.56,053682 sq mi
(1,766 km2)
State map highlighting Cumberland County
Davidson County037Nashville1783Part of North CarolinaWilliam Lee Davidson (1746–1781), a Brigadier General who died at the Revolutionary War Battle of Cowan's Ford.626,681502 sq mi
(1,300 km2)
State map highlighting Davidson County
Decatur County039Decaturville1845Perry CountyU.S. naval officer and War of 1812 hero Stephen Decatur (1779–1820).11,757333 sq mi
(862 km2)
State map highlighting Decatur County
DeKalb County041Smithville1837Franklin, Cannon, Jackson and White countiesJohann de Kalb (1721–1780), a German-born baron who assisted the Continentals during the American Revolutionary War.18,723304 sq mi
(787 km2)
State map highlighting DeKalb County
Dickson County043Charlotte1803Montgomery and Robertson countiesU.S. Representative William Dickson (1770–1816).49,666490 sq mi
(1,269 km2)
State map highlighting Dickson County
Dyer County045Dyersburg1823Indian landsTennessee state legislator Robert Henry Dyer.38,335510 sq mi
(1,321 km2)
State map highlighting Dyer County
Fayette County047Somerville1824Indian landsGilbert du Motier, marquis de La Fayette (1757–1834), a French-born general in the American Revolutionary War.38,412705 sq mi
(1,826 km2)
State map highlighting Fayette County
Fentress County049Jamestown1823Morgan, Overton and White countiesTennessee state legislator James Fentress.17,959499 sq mi
(1,292 km2)
State map highlighting Fentress County
Franklin County051Winchester1807Rutherford County and Indian landsPublisher, scholar, orator, and Founding Father Benjamin Franklin (1706–1790).41,052553 sq mi
(1,432 km2)
State map highlighting Franklin County
Gibson County053Trenton1823Indian landsJohn H. Gibson, a soldier of the Natchez Expedition and the Creek War.49,683603 sq mi
(1,562 km2)
State map highlighting Gibson County
Giles County055Pulaski1809Indian landsU.S. Senator and Governor of Virginia William B. Giles (1762–1830).29,485611 sq mi
(1,582 km2)
State map highlighting Giles County
Grainger County057Rutledge1796Hawkins and Knox countiesMary Grainger Blount, wife of William Blount and "first lady" of the Southwest Territory, which later became Tennessee.22,657280 sq mi
(725 km2)
State map highlighting Grainger County
Greene County059Greeneville1783Washington CountyAmerican Revolutionary War general Nathanael Greene (1742–1786).68,831622 sq mi
(1,611 km2)
State map highlighting Greene County
Grundy County061Altamont1844Coffee, Warren and Franklin countiesU.S. Attorney General Felix Grundy (1777–1840).13,703361 sq mi
(935 km2)
State map highlighting Grundy County
Hamblen County063Morristown1870Jefferson, Grainger and Greene countiesEarly settler Hezekiah Hamblen.62,544161 sq mi
(417 km2)
State map highlighting Hamblen County
Hamilton County065Chattanooga1819Rhea County and Indian landsFirst U.S. Secretary of the Treasury and Founding Father Alexander Hamilton (1755 or 1757–1804).336,463543 sq mi
(1,406 km2)
State map highlighting Hamilton County
Hancock County067Sneedville1844Hawkins and Claiborne countiesPresident of the Continental Congress John Hancock (1737–1793).6,819222 sq mi
(575 km2)
State map highlighting Hancock County
Hardeman County069Bolivar1823Hardin County and Indian landsThomas Jones Hardeman, Creek War and War of 1812 soldier, later a member of the Republic of Texas legislature.27,253668 sq mi
(1,730 km2)
State map highlighting Hardeman County
Hardin County071Savannah1819Indian landsJoseph Hardin, legislator of the Southwest Territory and State of Franklin.26,026578 sq mi
(1,497 km2)
State map highlighting Hardin County
Hawkins County073Rogersville1786Sullivan CountyU.S. Senator Benjamin Hawkins (1754–1816).56,833487 sq mi
(1,261 km2)
State map highlighting Hawkins County
Haywood County075Brownsville1823Indian landsJudge John Haywood (1762–1826), called "the father of Tennessee history."18,787533 sq mi
(1,380 km2)
State map highlighting Haywood County
Henderson County077Lexington1821Indian landsJames Henderson, an officer of the War of 1812.27,769520 sq mi
(1,347 km2)
State map highlighting Henderson County
Henry County079Paris1821Indian landsRevolutionary-era orator and Virginia legislator Patrick Henry (1736–1799).32,330562 sq mi
(1,456 km2)
State map highlighting Henry County
Hickman County081Centerville1807Dickson CountyEdwin Hickman, a longhunter killed by Native Americans near the present-day site of Centerville.24,690613 sq mi
(1,588 km2)
State map highlighting Hickman County
Houston County083Erin1871Dickson, Humphreys, Montgomery and Stewart countiesSam Houston (1793–1863), Tennessee governor and congressman, president of the Republic of Texas, U.S. Senator from Texas, and Texas governor.8,426200 sq mi
(518 km2)
State map highlighting Houston County
Humphreys County085Waverly1809Stewart CountyU.S. Representative Parry Wayne Humphreys (1778–1839).18,538532 sq mi
(1,378 km2)
State map highlighting Humphreys County
Jackson County087Gainesboro1801Smith County and Indian landsU.S. President Andrew Jackson (1767–1845).11,638309 sq mi
(800 km2)
State map highlighting Jackson County
Jefferson County089Dandridge1792Greene and Hawkins countiesU.S. President and Founding Father Thomas Jefferson (1743–1826).51,407274 sq mi
(710 km2)
State map highlighting Jefferson County
Johnson County091Mountain City1836Carter CountyThomas Johnson, an early settler of Carter County along the Doe River.18,244299 sq mi
(774 km2)
State map highlighting Johnson County
Knox County093Knoxville1792Greene and Hawkins countiesHenry Knox (1750–1806), the first U.S. Secretary of War.432,226509 sq mi
(1,318 km2)
State map highlighting Knox County
Lake County095Tiptonville1870Obion CountyReelfoot Lake7,832163 sq mi
(422 km2)
State map highlighting Lake County
Lauderdale County097Ripley1835Haywood, Dyer and Tipton countiesJames Lauderdale, who was killed in the War of 1812.27,815470 sq mi
(1,217 km2)
State map highlighting Lauderdale County
Lawrence County099Lawrenceburg1817Hickman County and Indian landsU.S. naval officer and War of 1812 hero James Lawrence (1781–1813).41,869617 sq mi
(1,598 km2)
State map highlighting Lawrence County
Lewis County101Hohenwald1843Hickman, Lawrence, Maury and Wayne countiesMeriwether Lewis (1774–1809), explorer of the American West.12,161282 sq mi
(730 km2)
State map highlighting Lewis County
Lincoln County103Fayetteville1809Bedford CountyU.S. Secretary of War Benjamin Lincoln (1733–1810).33,361570 sq mi
(1,476 km2)
State map highlighting Lincoln County
Loudon County105Loudon1870Roane, Monroe, Blount and McMinn countiesFort Loudoun, which was named for John Campbell, 4th Earl of Loudoun, who led British and American forces during the French and Indian War.48,556229 sq mi
(593 km2)
State map highlighting Loudon County
Macon County111Lafayette1842Smith and Sumner countiesU.S. Senator Nathaniel Macon (1758–1837).22,248307 sq mi
(795 km2)
State map highlighting Macon County
Madison County113Jackson1821Indian landsU.S. President James Madison (1758–1836).98,294557 sq mi
(1,443 km2)
State map highlighting Madison County
Marion County115Jasper1817Indian landsFrancis Marion (1732–1795), the "Swamp Fox" of the American Revolutionary War.28,237500 sq mi
(1,295 km2)
State map highlighting Marion County
Marshall County117Lewisburg1836Giles, Bedford, Lincoln and Maury countiesU.S. Chief Justice John Marshall (1755–1835).30,617375 sq mi
(971 km2)
State map highlighting Marshall County
Maury County119Columbia1807Williamson County and Indian landsTennessee state legislator Abram Poindexter Maury (1801–1848).80,956613 sq mi
(1,588 km2)
State map highlighting Maury County
McMinn County107Athens1819Indian landsGovernor of Tennessee Joseph McMinn (1758–1824).52,266430 sq mi
(1,114 km2)
State map highlighting McMinn County
McNairy County109Selmer1823Hardin CountyJohn McNairy, judge of the U.S. District Court for the District of Tennessee.26,075560 sq mi
(1,450 km2)
State map highlighting McNairy County
Meigs County121Decatur1836Rhea CountyReturn Jonathan Meigs (1740–1823), an officer in the Continental Army who was for many years a federal Indian and military agent in Tennessee.11,753195 sq mi
(505 km2)
State map highlighting Meigs County
Monroe County123Madisonville1819Indian landsU.S. President James Monroe (1758–1831).44,519635 sq mi
(1,645 km2)
State map highlighting Monroe County
Montgomery County125Clarksville1796Tennessee CountyJohn Montgomery (c. 1750–1794), leader of the Nickajack Expedition.172,331539 sq mi
(1,396 km2)
State map highlighting Montgomery County
Moore County127Lynchburg1871Bedford, Lincoln and Franklin countiesTennessee state legislator William Moore.6,362129 sq mi
(334 km2)
State map highlighting Moore County
Morgan County129Wartburg1817Anderson and Roane countiesAmerican Revolutionary War officer Daniel Morgan (1736–1802).21,987522 sq mi
(1,352 km2)
State map highlighting Morgan County
Obion County131Union City1823Indian landsThe Obion River.31,807545 sq mi
(1,412 km2)
State map highlighting Obion County
Overton County133Livingston1806Jackson County and Indian landsJohn Overton (1766–1833), one of the cofounders of Memphis, Tennessee.22,083433 sq mi
(1,121 km2)
State map highlighting Overton County
Perry County135Linden1819Humphreys and Hickman countiesU.S. naval officer and War of 1812 hero Oliver Hazard Perry (1785–1819).7,915415 sq mi
(1,075 km2)
State map highlighting Perry County
Pickett County137Byrdstown1879Fentress and Overton countiesTennessee state legislator Howell L. Pickett.5,077163 sq mi
(422 km2)
State map highlighting Pickett County
Polk County139Benton1839McMinn and Bradley countiesU.S. President James K. Polk (1795–1849).16,825435 sq mi
(1,127 km2)
State map highlighting Polk County
Putnam County141Cookeville1854Fentress, Jackson, Smith, White and Overton countiesAmerican Revolutionary War officer Israel Putnam (1718–1790).72,321401 sq mi
(1,039 km2)
State map highlighting Putnam County
Rhea County143Dayton1807Roane CountyU.S. Representative John Rhea (1753–1832).31,809316 sq mi
(818 km2)
State map highlighting Rhea County
Roane County145Kingston1801Knox County and Indian landsGovernor of Tennessee Archibald Roane (1759 or 1760–1819).54,181361 sq mi
(935 km2)
State map highlighting Roane County
Robertson County147Springfield1796Tennessee and Sumner countiesJames Robertson (1742–1814), Tennessee state legislator and founder of the Watauga Settlements.66,283477 sq mi
(1,235 km2)
State map highlighting Robertson County
Rutherford County149Murfreesboro1803Davidson, Williamson and Wilson countiesGriffith Rutherford, chairman of the legislature of the Southwest Territory.262,604619 sq mi
(1,603 km2)
State map highlighting Rutherford County
Scott County151Huntsville1849Anderson, Campbell, Fentress and Morgan countiesUS. Army general and hero of the Mexican-American War Winfield Scott (1786–1866).22,228532 sq mi
(1,378 km2)
State map highlighting Scott County
Sequatchie County153Dunlap1857Hamilton, Marion and Warren countiesCherokee word believed to mean, opossum, he grins or runs.14,112266 sq mi
(689 km2)
State map highlighting Sequatchie County
Sevier County155Sevierville1794Jefferson CountyJohn Sevier (1745–1815), governor of the State of Franklin and first Governor of Tennessee.89,889592 sq mi
(1,533 km2)
State map highlighting Sevier County
Shelby County157Memphis1819Chickasaw Nation lands acquired through the Jackson Purchase.[10]Isaac Shelby (1750–1826), commander at Kings Mountain, first governor of Kentucky, and negotiator of the purchase of the western district from the Chickasaws.927,644755 sq mi
(1,955 km2)
State map highlighting Shelby County
Smith County159Carthage1799Sumner County and Indian landsAmerican Revolutionary War officer and U.S. Senator Daniel Smith (1748–1818).19,166314 sq mi
(813 km2)
State map highlighting Smith County
Stewart County161Dover1803Montgomery CountyDuncan Stewart, Tennessee state legislator and lieutenant governor of Mississippi Territory.13,324458 sq mi
(1,186 km2)
State map highlighting Stewart County
Sullivan County163Blountville1779Washington CountyGovernor of New Hampshire John Sullivan (1740–1795).156,823413 sq mi
(1,070 km2)
State map highlighting Sullivan County
Sumner County165Gallatin1786Davidson CountyJethro Sumner (1733–1785), an American colonist who defended North Carolina against the British in 1780.160,645529 sq mi
(1,370 km2)
State map highlighting Sumner County
Tipton County167Covington1823Shelby County (previously Chickasaw lands)[10]Jacob Tipton, father of Armistead Blevins, who supervised the organization of Shelby County; Tipton was killed by Native Americans in 1791 in a conflict over the Northwest Territory.[10]61,081459 sq mi
(1,189 km2)
State map highlighting Tipton County
Trousdale County169Hartsville1870Wilson, Macon, Smith and Sumner countiesWilliam Trousdale (1790–1872), Creek and Mexican-American War soldier and officer, state senator and Governor of Tennessee.7,870114 sq mi
(295 km2)
State map highlighting Trousdale County
Unicoi County171Erwin1875Washington and Carter CountyNative American word for the southern Appalachian Mountains, probably meaning white or fog-draped18,313186 sq mi
(482 km2)
State map highlighting Unicoi County
Union County173Maynardville1850Grainger, Claiborne, Campbell, Anderson and Knox countiesEither for its creation from parts of five counties or to memorialize East Tennessee's support for preservation of the Union19,109224 sq mi
(580 km2)
State map highlighting Union County
Van Buren County175Spencer1840Warren and White countiesU.S. President Martin Van Buren (1782–1862)5,548247 sq mi
(640 km2)
State map highlighting Van Buren County
Warren County177McMinnville1807White, Jackson, Smith counties and Indian landsAmerican Revolutionary War officer Joseph Warren (1741–1775), who sent Paul Revere on his famous midnight ride39,839433 sq mi
(1,121 km2)
State map highlighting Warren County
Washington County179Jonesborough1777Part of North CarolinaU.S. President George Washington (1732–1799)122,979326 sq mi
(844 km2)
State map highlighting Washington County
Wayne County181Waynesboro1817Hickman CountyAmerican Revolutionary War General "Mad" Anthony Wayne (1745–1796)17,021734 sq mi
(1,901 km2)
State map highlighting Wayne County
Weakley County183Dresden1823Indian landsU.S. Representative Robert Weakley (1764–1845).35,021580 sq mi
(1,502 km2)
State map highlighting Weakley County
White County185Sparta1806Jackson and Smith countiesJohn White, Revolutionary War soldier and the first European-American settler in the county25,841377 sq mi
(976 km2)
State map highlighting White County
Williamson County187Franklin1799Davidson CountyU.S. Representative Hugh Williamson (1735–1819).183,182582 sq mi
(1,507 km2)
State map highlighting Williamson County
Wilson County189Lebanon1799Sumner CountyDavid Wilson, a member of the legislatures of North Carolina and the Southwest Territory.113,993571 sq mi
(1,479 km2)
State map highlighting Wilson County

Defunct counties[edit]

There are two defunct counties in Tennessee:

Consolidated counties[edit]

Three Tennessee counties operate under consolidated city–county governments, a city and county that have been merged into one jurisdiction. As such, these governments are simultaneously a city, which is a municipal corporation, and a county, which is an administrative division of a state.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e National Association of Counties. "NACo – Find a county". Retrieved 2007-07-22. 
  2. ^ "Tennessee QuickFacts". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2007-11-28.  (2000 Census)
  3. ^ State, County, and Municipal Data Tennessee Blue Book 2005-2006, pages 616-626
  4. ^ "Population centers of each U.S. state, 2000". census.gov. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-01. 
  5. ^ "Geographic Center of Tennessee". rutherfordchamber.org. Rutherford County - Chamber of Commerce. Archived from the original on 2007-12-13. Retrieved 2008-01-01. 
  6. ^ "Indian Lands". FindLaw.com. Retrieved 2008-01-20. 
  7. ^ "Treaties". Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture. University of Tennessee Press. Retrieved 2008-01-20. 
  8. ^ a b "EPA County FIPS Code Listing". EPA. Retrieved 2007-04-09. 
  9. ^ a b Origins Of Tennessee County Names, Tennessee Blue Book 2005-2006, pages 508-513
  10. ^ a b c Angela Wallace Finley, "Tipton County", Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture (University of Tennessee Press) 

External links[edit]