List of counties in South Carolina

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Map of the counties of South Carolina

The U.S. state of South Carolina is made up of 46 counties, the maximum allowable by state law.[1] They range in size from 392 square miles (1,016 square kilometers) in the case of Calhoun County to 1,133 square miles (2,935 square kilometers) in the case of Horry County. The least populous county is McCormick County, with only 9,958 residents, while the most populous county is Greenville County, with a population of 451,225, despite the state's most populous city, Columbia, being located in Richland County.

History[edit]

In the colonial period, the land around the coast was divided into parishes corresponding to the parishes of the Church of England. There were also several counties that had judicial and electoral functions. As people settled the backcountry, judicial districts and additional counties were formed. This structure continued and grew after the Revolutionary War. In 1800, all counties were renamed as districts. In 1868, the districts were converted back to counties.[2] The South Carolina Department of Archives and History has maps that show the boundaries of counties, districts, and parishes starting in 1682.[3]

Alphabetical list[edit]

County
FIPS code
[4]
County seat
[5]
Established
[5]
Origin
Etymology
Population
=
Area
Map
Abbeville County001Abbeville1785Ninety-Six DistrictAbbeville, France25,417511 sq mi
(1,323 km2)
State map highlighting Abbeville County
Aiken County003Aiken1871Barnwell, Edgefield, Lexington, and OrangeburgWilliam Aiken, founder of the South Carolina Canal and Railroad Company160,0991,080 sq mi
(2,797 km2)
State map highlighting Aiken County
Allendale County005Allendale1919Barnwell and HamptonP.H. Allen, first postmaster of the new county10,419413 sq mi
(1,070 km2)
State map highlighting Allendale County
Anderson County007Anderson1826Pendleton DistrictRobert Anderson, American Revolutionary War general and Southern surveyor187,126757 sq mi
(1,961 km2)
State map highlighting Anderson County
Bamberg County009Bamberg1897BarnwellFrancis Marion Bamberg, Confederate general in the American Civil War15,987395 sq mi
(1,023 km2)
State map highlighting Bamberg County
Barnwell County011Barnwell1798OrangeburgJohn Barnwell, South Carolina State Senator and prisoner of war during the American Revolution22,261557 sq mi
(1,443 km2)
State map highlighting Barnwell County
Beaufort County013Beaufort17691769 Judicial DistrictHenry Somerset, 1st Duke of Beaufort, colonial proprietary landowner162,233576 sq mi
(1,492 km2)
State map highlighting Beaufort County
Berkeley County015Moncks Corner1882CharlestonWilliam Berkeley, colonial proprietary governor and landowner177,8431,228 sq mi
(3,181 km2)
State map highlighting Berkeley County
Calhoun County017St. Matthews1908Lexington and OrangeburgJohn C. Calhoun, U.S. Senator from South Carolina and states' rights advocate15,185392 sq mi
(1,015 km2)
State map highlighting Calhoun County
Charleston County019Charleston17691769 Judicial DistrictKing Charles II of England350,209916.09 sq mi
(2,373 km2)
State map highlighting Charleston County
Cherokee County021Gaffney1897Spartanburg, Union, and YorkCherokee Native Americans55,342397 sq mi
(1,028 km2)
State map highlighting Cherokee County
Chester County023Chester1785Camden DistrictChester, Pennsylvania33,140586 sq mi
(1,518 km2)
State map highlighting Chester County
Chesterfield County025Chesterfield1798Cheraws DistrictPhilip Dormer Stanhope, 4th Earl of Chesterfield, an Enlightenment-era scholar, government official, and member of the British House of Lords46,734806 sq mi
(2,088 km2)
State map highlighting Chesterfield County
Clarendon County027Manning1855SumterEdward Hyde, 1st Earl of Clarendon, colonial proprietary landowner34,971696 sq mi
(1,803 km2)
State map highlighting Clarendon County
Colleton County029Walterboro1800CharlestonJohn Colleton, colonial proprietary landowner38,8921,133 sq mi
(2,934 km2)
State map highlighting Colleton County
Darlington County031Darlington1785Cheraws DistrictDarlington, England68,681567 sq mi
(1,469 km2)
State map highlighting Darlington County
Dillon County033Dillon1910MarionJ.W. Dillon, founder of the Wilson Short Cut Railroad32,062407 sq mi
(1,054 km2)
State map highlighting Dillon County
Dorchester County035St. George1868Berkeley and ColletonDorchester, Massachusetts136,555577 sq mi
(1,494 km2)
State map highlighting Dorchester County
Edgefield County037Edgefield1785Ninety-Six DistrictDisputed; either its location on the edge of the state or Edgefield, Norfolk, England26,985507 sq mi
(1,313 km2)
State map highlighting Edgefield County
Fairfield County039Winnsboro1785Camden DistrictThe county's fair fields, as described by colonial governor Charles Cornwallis23,956710 sq mi
(1,839 km2)
State map highlighting Fairfield County
Florence County041Florence1888Clarendon, Darlington, Marion, and WilliamsburgFlorence Harllee, daughter of Wilmington and Manchester Railroad founder W.W. Harllee136,885804 sq mi
(2,082 km2)
State map highlighting Florence County
Georgetown County043Georgetown17691769 Judicial DistrictKing George II of Great Britain60,158813.55 sq mi
(2,107 km2)
State map highlighting Georgetown County
Greenville County045Greenville1798Washington DistrictNathanael Greene, Revolutionary War general451,225795 sq mi
(2,059 km2)
State map highlighting Greenville County
Greenwood County047Greenwood1897Abbeville and EdgefieldGreenwood Plantation, the home of John McGee, the county's largest landowner69,661463 sq mi
(1,199 km2)
State map highlighting Greenwood County
Hampton County049Hampton1787BeaufortWade Hampton, Congressman from South Carolina and once the nation's wealthiest citizen21,090563 sq mi
(1,458 km2)
State map highlighting Hampton County
Horry County051Conway1801GeorgetownPeter Horry, Revolutionary War general269,2911,134 sq mi
(2,937 km2)
State map highlighting Horry County
Jasper County053Ridgeland1912Beaufort and HamptonWilliam Jasper, Revolutionary War sergeant24,777700 sq mi
(1,813 km2)
State map highlighting Jasper County
Kershaw County055Camden1798Claremont, Fairfield, Lancaster, and RichlandJoseph Kershaw, one of the county's pioneering settlers61,697740 sq mi
(1,917 km2)
State map highlighting Kershaw County
Lancaster County057Lancaster1798Camden DistrictLancaster County, Pennsylvania76,652555 sq mi
(1,437 km2)
State map highlighting Lancaster County
Laurens County059Laurens1785Ninety-Six DistrictHenry Laurens, president of the Second Continental Congress and prisoner of war during the American Revolution66,537724 sq mi
(1,875 km2)
State map highlighting Laurens County
Lee County061Bishopville1902Darlington, Kershaw, and SumterRobert E. Lee, Confederate general during the Civil War19,220411 sq mi
(1,064 km2)
State map highlighting Lee County
Lexington County063Lexington1804OrangeburgBattle of Lexington, opening skirmish of the Revolutionary War262,391758 sq mi
(1,963 km2)
State map highlighting Lexington County
Marion County067Marion1800GeorgetownFrancis Marion, Revolutionary War general33,062494 sq mi
(1,279 km2)
State map highlighting Marion County
Marlboro County069Bennettsville1798Cheraws DistrictJohn Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, English general, diplomat, and confidant of monarchs28,933485 sq mi
(1,256 km2)
State map highlighting Marlboro County
McCormick County065McCormick1914Abbeville, Edgefield, and GreenwoodCyrus McCormick, inventor of the mechanical reaper and founder of International Harvester10,233394 sq mi
(1,020 km2)
State map highlighting McCormick County
Newberry County071Newberry1785Ninety-Six DistrictDisputed; possibly Newbury, Berkshire, England, or from early settlers' notion that the landscape was as "pretty as a new berry"37,508647 sq mi
(1,676 km2)
State map highlighting Newberry County
Oconee County073Walhalla1868PickensOconee Native Americans74,273674 sq mi
(1,746 km2)
State map highlighting Oconee County
Orangeburg County075Orangeburg17691769 Judicial DistrictKing William V of Orange92,5011,128 sq mi
(2,922 km2)
State map highlighting Orangeburg County
Pickens County077Pickens1826Pendleton DistrictAndrew Pickens, Governor of South Carolina119,224512 sq mi
(1,326 km2)
State map highlighting Pickens County
Richland County079Columbia1799Camden DistrictThe county's rich soil384,504772 sq mi
(1,999 km2)
State map highlighting Richland County
Saluda County081Saluda1896EdgefieldSaluda River19,875462 sq mi
(1,197 km2)
State map highlighting Saluda County
Spartanburg County083Spartanburg1785Ninety-Six District"Spartan Regiment" of the state militia, which was the key force for victory in the Revolutionary War Battle of Cowpens284,307819 sq mi
(2,121 km2)
State map highlighting Spartanburg County
Sumter County085Sumter1798Claremont, Clarendon, and SalemThomas Sumter, Revolutionary War general and U.S. Senator from South Carolina107,456682 sq mi
(1,766 km2)
State map highlighting Sumter County
Union County087Union1798Ninety-Six DistrictUnion Church, the first Christian place of worship in the area28,961516 sq mi
(1,336 km2)
State map highlighting Union County
Williamsburg County089Kingstree1802Georgetown DistrictKing William III of England34,423937 sq mi
(2,427 km2)
State map highlighting Williamsburg County
York County091York1798Camden DistrictYork County, Pennsylvania226,073696 sq mi
(1,803 km2)
State map highlighting York County

Defunct parishes, counties and districts[edit]

Parishes[edit]

Until the late 19th century, the Lowcountry of South Carolina was divided into Parishes which themselves subdivided several "districts"; these civil parishes were based on and generally coincident (even well after disestablishment) with Anglican ecclesiastical parishes.[6]

  • St. Helena's Parish (Beaufort District)
  • St. Luke's Parish (Beaufort District) created on 23 May 1767, located on Hilton Head Island and the adjacent mainland
  • St. Peter's Parish (Beaufort District)
  • Prince William Parish (Beaufort District)
  • St. Andrew's Parish (Charleston District)
  • St. Bartholomew's Parish (Charleston District)
  • St.'s John's Colleton Parish (Charleston District)
  • St. George's Dorchester Parish (Charleston District)
  • St. Philip's & St. Michael's Parish (Charleston District)
  • Christchurch Parish (Charleston District)
  • St. James' Goose Creek Parish (Charleston District)
  • St. Thomas' & St. Denis' Parish (Charleston District)
  • St. John's Berkeley Parish (Charleston District)
  • St. Stephen's Parish (Charleston District)
  • St. James' Santee Parish (Charleston District)
  • St. Paul's Parish (Charleston District)
  • All Saints' Parish (Georgetown District)
  • Prince George, Winyah, Parish (Georgetown District)
  • Prince Frederick Parish (Georgetown District)
  • St. David's Parish (Cheraw District)
  • St. Mark's Parish (Cheraw District)
  • St. Matthew's Parish (Orangeburgh District)

Counties[edit]

Districts[edit]

Proposed counties[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Section 3, Article VIII of the South Carolina Constitution
  2. ^ Edgar, Walter, ed. The South Carolina Encyclopedia, University of South Carolina Press, 2006, pp. 230-234, ISBN 1-57003-598-9
  3. ^ South Carolina Department of Archives and History maps.
  4. ^ "EPA County FIPS Code Listing". EPA. Retrieved 2007-04-09. 
  5. ^ a b National Association of Counties. "NACo - Find a county". Retrieved 2007-04-26. 
  6. ^ http://publications.newberry.org/ahcbp/documents/SC_Individual_County_Chronologies.htm.  Missing or empty |title= (help)

References[edit]

http://www.sciway.net/facts/

External links[edit]